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ern rivers greatly facilitated the expeditions of It is an old and true saying, that “one half the fur traders, reducing the distance travelled of the world do not know how the other half by the Mackinaw boats, and in most cases su- live.Although the mass of the Pennsylvania perseding the use of the cordelle or towing Friends have contributed so generously during live. The highest point on the Missouri river the few past years toward educating and relievreached by the steamer Twilight in the suming the wants of a large number of the freed. mer of 1858 was distant from St. Louis 2,300 men of the South, yet I cannot help thinking miles.

they would extend some assistance to the poor (To be continued.)

colored people of this section of country, if they

only understood their real condition. The freedCONSTANCY. Let our love be firm, constant, and in

men of southern Missouri are differently situa

ted in some respects from those of any other separable; not coming and returning, like the tide, but descending like a never failing river,

I portion of our country. In the States further ever running into the ocean of divine excellency,

south, they know they are surrounded by a passing on in the channels of duty and a con

white population, nearly all of whom are their stant obedience, and never ceasing to be what

openly avowed enemies; which fact renders it is till it comes to be what it desires to be;

them cautious and self-reliant in all their move

ments, particularly in their intercourse with still being a river till it be turned into sea and vastness, even the immensity of a blessed eter

the white race; whereas, in this State, (which nity.-Jeremy Taylor.

did not join with the others in going out of

the Voion.) there is a large number of white - THE FREEDMEN OF MISSOURI.

persons, who, by professing to be friendly to LOVEJOY, Mo., 1st month Ist, 1868. the colored man, often give hini advice which To EMMOR COMLY

he is ignorantly induced to follow, and which Esteemed Friend,- I have for some time past proves most disastrous to him. In fact, an exbeen wanting to write thee a few lines, ac. tensive and systematic plot has recently been knowledging thy kindness and generosity in discovered in this State, by myself and others, still continuing to regularly send me those very which was gotten up by the enemies of the colacceptable weekly messengers from Philadel. ored people, and by which it was designed to phia, “ Friends' Intelligencer;" but I have control the election next fall, in which the im. been so thoroaghly engaged, that I have been portant question is to be decided, as to whether obliged to defer writing until this New Year's che colored man shall be allowed to vote in this day. When I inform thee that I am not ooly State. Their plan is, (as I have heard it from far away from all of my dear relatives and their own lips,) to deceive the colored people, friends, and that I am the only wbite person on and use various cunning devices, (such as treata plantation of 1100 acres, but that my dear. ing some to whiskey, offering others high wages, est white neighbors have heretofore been bit-being estra friendly with all of them, etc.,) terly opposed to the work in which I am en in order to induce them to remain with their gaged, (educating the freedmen,) thou wilt not former owners, in a condition of ignorance, be surprised when I tell thee that the weekly poverty and degradation, until after the coming visits of these friendly papers afford great com- election ; and thus be able to circulate a plausifort and satisfaction, as well as deep instruction, ble report just before election time, that a cer. to me, during my leisure moments; and I as- tain proportion of the “niggers,” (as they call sure thee I never appreciated the paper so high- them) are remaining in ignorance, living with ly before.

their old masters just as they used to, without I have no doubt the Intelligencer has been providing any homes of their own; and that and is the means of doing a large amount of they are therefore not justly entitled to a vote good to many persons who, like myself, are lo- in the State. However kindly the colored peo. cated in isolated positions, deprived of the op-ple in these parts may be treated for political portunity of attending religious meetings, or of purposes, between now and the State election, mingling personally with Friends; and although yet the shameful manner in which they have I enjoy a variety of reading matter, yet I hope heretofore been abused by these same persons, the desire to please the various tastes' of its since the emancipation proclamation was issued, readers, will pot induce thee to allow the space goes to show what the freelmen may expect if usually devoted to what may be termed solid the vote is cast against them next fall, and the reading matter, to ever give way to that of a State government falls into the hands of their lighter character; for the continued advocacy enemies. of those great, noble, fundamental principles I cannot see how the rights of the freedmen aod truths which have ever characterized our in this State can be properly secured to them, religious Society, will doubtless cause the In. but by promptly educatiog the masses of them; telligencer to prove a real welcome and useful inducing families of them to settle in colonies, visitor, both in and out of the family circle. I purchase little homes of their own, and carry

do so.

on various industrial pursuits suited to their themselves worthy of their freedom, I must brief. several tastes and means ; thus convincing the ly refer to one poble spirited widow, who quietly whole white population that they are not only I remained with her former master, (although he worthy of their freedom, but that they are justly had inhumanly abused those of her children entitled to a right to vote.

who were not specially useful to him,) until I came out here fourteen months ago, and she had saved enough wages to purchase a lot purchased 1100 acres of land, which bad been at Lovejoy ; she then packed up and came here selected by an investigating committee as being with her six children, regardless of the proadmirably adapted for settling such a colony testations, earnest entreaties, and even threats, I am now the only white person on the place; as to what the white tyrant would do, if she I am boarding with a very nice, tidy, respecta- dared to leave him, and go to that " - niggerhle family of kind-hearted colored people; and school settlement at Lovejoy.” She bought a I am teaching a free school for the freedmen, $25 lot; rented a little house of me until she and on my owo acovunt, without receiving any com-, her two older daughters could erect one of their pensation from any source, excepting that which own, (which they are about doing themselves,) proceeds from an approving conscience. In ad- and started her children off to school. The two dition to those who have already located here, older daughters take turns in biring out by there are a great many poor, but industrious į the month, and attending school the alternate and worthy fanilies, who would like to move months; while she works all day, and studies here and send their children to school, if they in the evening; and has we stop in and hear ber could get sufficient employment for themselves recite her lessons whenever I have leisure to to procure the pecessaries of life.

She and her two older girls bave conI have recently been thinking that there tracted to cut the timber, and clear off a piece might be among the numerous patrons and of land for me this winter; which they are now readers of the "Intelligencer," some persons faithfully working at between school hours. who, from the double motive of doing good to They are quite modest, and physically rather a poor, suffering, oppressed people, and making delicate females, and I do wish I could give money for themselves, could be induced to them some employment more appropriate to either come ont themselves, or employ an agent their sex; but I cannot at present. to come out here, and establish a good store The following touching incident will serve as and shipping warehouse at the steamboat land- an illustration of the disinterested benevolence ing here at Lovejoy, and to erect a woollen fae. possessed by some of these colored people. Just tory, a flour mill, a saw mill, a briek kiln, etc., a week ago to-day, a most wretched looking all, or any of which would afford employment colored man crawled up the river bapk, stagto some poor, worthy freedmen. After careful gered up to the door of our cabin in a deplorainvestigation, I feel satisfied that either of the ble condition, and feebly asked permission to above would constitute a very safe investment enter and get something to eat; candidly stating of capital, and at the same time do much good. at the same time that he had nothing with which If some of the benevolent hearted capitalists of to pay for his boarding. The kind-hearted colthe North could have been here recently, and ored man and wife with whom I am boarding, heard some of the earbest appeals for employ. appeared to take po potice of the latter anment, from deserving colored men and women, nouncement; but seeing that the poor

voforwho are anxious to leave their old masters, and tunate stranger needed immediate attention, settle here, so as to send their children to they displayed a true Christian spirit, by taking school, I am almost sure they would willingly him in, warming and feeding, and then thodevise suitable means to employ this class of roughly washing and clothing him. From that people. Friends in different parts of Ohio have day to this, they have given him the most dekindly sent me two boxes of clothing, to dis- voted attention, both by night and by day, tribute especially among destitute colored wid- without receiving-or apparently even wishing ows and orphans; and truly they have proven for any pecuniary consideration whatever; but as a “God send” to many of these suffering early this morning the spirit took its flight, and ereatures; but I am glad to be able to say, to this evening they decently consigned the frail the credit of these people, that many of them body to its mother earth. The closing scenes possess such a poble spirit, that they greatly in the life of this dark-skipped man, and the prefer laboring honorably for a livelihood, to history he gave of himself for the last few weeks begging, or receiving voluntary contributions. of his earthly career, were truly affecting, and

Many of these people, who have been kept caused many tears of sympathy to flow down my in bondage nearly all their lives, are now setting cheeks, as well as others. He had been engaged a good example, in various ways, to the white as a boatmap on the Mississippi river; but was race by wbich they are surrounded.

taken sick, and, while recruiting in St. Louis, As one among the many commendable in bad pearly every thing stolen from him. He stances wherein the colored people are proving recently se entered the steamboat as a laborer;

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but being weak, he had to work cautiously, in a community which greatly needed it, and
which offended the mate, who passionately which appeared to appreciate the visit.
knocked him down with a "sling shot,” and My school is in a flouri-bing condition at
threw him overboard, (as being dead,) the present; nearly all the pupils appear very anx.
night before he arrived at my place. A white ious to learn, and are succeeding therein; and
passenger who happened to witness the per their general deportment, both in and out of
formance, had the mate and watchman both school, is quite commendable.
arrested, tried and imprisoned, (I am informed) I must pow bid thee farewell, remaining thy
when the boat arrived in St. Louis. They all well wishing friend,
thought the man was dead; but be came to,

WILMER WALTON.
waded out of the water a few miles below bere,
and, with some assistance, succeeded in getting Wm. Penn's famous saying should be writ-
up here, to give a final account of himself. His ten upon the Church's banners:-“ No pain, no
bodily sufferings were most intense, and he was palm; no thorn, no throne; no gall, no glory;
greatly troubled about not being able to see any no cross, no crown."
of his dear relatives, (who live in Louisiana ;)
but as the time approached for his final disso. NOTES OF FOREIGN TRAVEL, FROM PRIVATE
lution, he not only correctly predicted the time,

CORRESPONDENCE.
but after repeated, earnest supplications to the

No. 11.
Throne of Grace, all of his earthly pains, sor-

Berlin, 7th mo., 1867. rows and trials appeared suddenly to be dis We are obliged to make use of the greatest placed by the consciousness of a present Sa- economy of time, lest we should not have viour; and thus during the last few hours he enough of it for Switzerland and its glorious seemed calm, and peacefully resigned to the mountains. The fact is, the more we see, the fate which he saw clearly pictured before him. more inexhaustable does this great Eastern During all the week he was here, I did not hear world seem to be in wonder and interest, and I him express the least enmity toward his cruel almost feel afraid sometimes, that we shall taskmasters, who had thus shamefully caused become so satiated by the time we shall have his death, or indeed any one else; but I believe finished our travels, that our own plain, unfin. he gave ample evidence that he had forgiven ished country will possess fewer attractions than everybody, and that God had forgiven him. we should like to acknowledge. We shall

I could not help thinking to day, as I sol. certainly try to avert so mortifying a catastrophe, emnly gazed upon that dark body, as it was be- and I trust our patriotism will be sufficient to ing wrapped in the habiliments of death, that ensure success. My last was mailed at Han. the refined spirit which it bad enclosed, had over where we visited & fiue gallery of paintbeen happily wafted off to that glorious world ings, and walked in huge cloth slippers over where no distinctioos are made on account of the polished foors of the royal palace, which color, race, or patios.

abounds io sumptuous furniture and magnificent In accordance with my own feelings, and the pictures, and quite astonished us by its grandeur suggestions of Col. F. A. Seely, (the State agent and elegance. The sovereign of this little king. of the Freedmen's Bureau, located in St. Louis,) dom of Hanover was certainly lodged in priuceI have recently had several large meetings of ly style. After dinner we drove out to the the colored people, out through the country in Herranhausan, his ex. Majesty's summer chatdifferent directions from here, for the pnrpose eau, the road to which is through a splendid of giving them some advice and instruction in avenue, 2000 feet in length. of four rows of lig. regard to several matters of special importance dens, all in full blog om and loading the air with to them at this time. One of these meetings delicious fragrance. Here were gardens, and occurred last First day in an out-of-the-way green houses, and pineries, all in the most explace, over twenty miles west of here; the road quisite order ; but it was sad to think the poor (or path) to which was very rough, crooked banished King would probably dever enjoy and indistinct. I could not find any one who them again. In returning, we visited the knew the way, except the two oldest daughters Waterloo Column, erected to the memory of of the colored widow I have alluded to above. the Hanoverians who fell on that field, and after These two courageous girls kindly volunteered a drive through some of the pleasautest streets to pilot me out there; knowing that our only of this interesting old city, were ready at 5.20 chance was to walk all the way, go without our for the cars that were to carry us to Brunswick, dipners, and have a raw, blustering atmosphere distant about two hours. Our ride was a most to pass through. We walked out there; attend charming one, for though the country was, ed the meeting in the afternoon, and walked greatly to our surprise, perfectly flat, it was back home the followiog day; all pretty tired, everywhere rich with ripening grain fields, and but well satisfied that we had gone, feeling, as beautiful with luxuriant verdure, and an endwe did, that some good had been accomplished less variety of wild flowers, beside immene

37

patches of brilliant poppies, that are cultivated, but this town “out-herods Herod ;” and as we in large quantities for their oil. On entering passed under the low, arched gateway in its anthe dominions of the Duke of Brunswick, whom cient walls, and entered the parrow, crooked the King of Prussia has not yet swallowed up, a streets, where almost every house was covered stern-looking official popped his head into the with grotesque carving and each story projected car window and demanded our passports. On a foot or two beyond the one below it, it would entering Berlin, we drove to the “ Deutches be difficult to imagine anything more entirely hof,” a quaint old building with a low store foreign looking and picturesque. In walking arcade along the front, looking, like every thing afterwards through the place, our first impresaround it, ancient and venerable, and after sions were fully justified, and we found that it securing our rooms, went out for a short pre-was quite distinguished, as having preserved liminary walk, coming back quite satisfied that the type of the middle ages to a remarkable the old town of Bruoswick was the quaintest degree. Here we again took the railroad to and strangest looking of any of these oid places Magdeberg, where we visited the cathedral, we had yet fallen upon. In one of tbe open from the top of which we had a fine view of the spaces is the bronze figore of a lion, erected wonderful fortifications, for which the city is 800 years ago, the real age of which is supposed celebrated. We afterwards walked tbrough one to date still farther back. Next morning we of the gates, where the wall (or rather bank) visited the Cathedral, built in 1173 by Henri is 100 feet thick, with a deep moat on the outle Lion, after his return from Palestine. It was side. All the fortifications appear to be kept up once covered internally with gilding and fres. with the greatest care ; indeed, wherever we go, coes, but nearly tbe whole of it is now conceal. here in Prussia, the military spirit seems to ed by whitewash, the choir alone having es have the ascendancy, and things look very much caped the desecration of the Reformers. In as if Frederick William were thinking of future the crypt beneath are 20 or-30 coffins, contain conquests. Our next stage brought us to Ber. ing the bodies of the Princes of the house of lin, where we arrived under a 'brilliant sunset Guelf; among them that of Queen Caroline of sky, and entered the great Brandenberg gate, Eogland, covered with velvet and gold, and fes. and drove through the splendid street, “ Unter tooned with wreaths, which had once, how der Lindens," to the Hotel de Rome. Our first many years ago I know not, been green. On visit was to the palace, which is more sumptumany of the cuffios lay an engraved picture of ous than all I could ever have imagined. the occupant, with the date of his or her birth Every chamber of the immense suite more and death. It seemed to briog us strangely splendid than the last. Some of the furniture is near to the great ones of former ages, to be so of massive silver, and we saw several pieces of surrounded by what was left of their mortality. immense size—now only plated--the originals At 4.30 we took cars for Hartzburg, a small of which had been melted up by Frederick the town at the foot of the Hartz mountains, where Great to defray the expenses of his armies. civilization and railroad traveling come to an

(To be continued.) end. We got into a botel, in which the “Zimmermadchen” was so intensely Dutch that we had FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. some difficulty in making her comprehend our wants. Last summer we were amused, as we PAILADELPHIA, FIRST MONTH 25, 1868. got farther into Deutschland, at the diminished size of our pitchers, but here it is the fashion to Erratum.—The omission to accredit Friends' have none at all. The basins were left half Quarterly Examiner with “The Goodness of the filled with water, and a goblet besides; and this Seasonable Word," in our last issue, was unintenwas evidently all that was considered necessary, I tional. and all that we could procure. The style of bedcoverior. too, is in these regions different from Died, on the 17th of Twelfth month, 1867, at the

residence of her father Robert Kirby, in Ocean Co., ours. As far as the uoder sbeet, all was as it

N. J., Anna S., wife of Samuel C. Kent, of Richmond, should be; but instead of an upper one, we found Va., in the 27th year of her age. We can truly say a lipen case, like a huge pillow case, enclosing she was a devoted wife and an affectionate child; something like a very thick comfortable, which and the loveliness of her disposition, the sweetness was to answer for sheet, spread and everything

et spread and everything of her tniod and spirit, seemed to win for ber the else. I took the liberty, as it was a warm night, linvalid and sufferer for sixteen months, and bore ber

love of all with wbom she associated. She was an of untyiog mine and emptying it of its contents ; I suffering with great patience, often desiring, for the the next night, when it was too cool for that, I comfort of tbose with whom she was nearly related, we had some difficulty in keeping covered at to recover, but was fully prepared for death. When all, in our little narrow beds, where the linen

near her close, she said to those around, her hour

had come; exclaiming, "All is bright," and giving was so stiff that it was constantiy sliding off.

full evidence that sbe was about entering into eterNext day we went on to Hallenstadt. We had nal rest. Her remtins were interred in Friends' thought Brunswick strange and quaint enough, I burying ground at Arney Town, N.J., on the 21st ult.

Died, on the 7th of Twelfth month, 1867, at West

From The Christian Register. bury, L. I., Rachel Cock, in the 74th year of ber

A NEW-YEAR'S WISH FOR 1868. age; a member of the Monthly Meeting of New York.

During the past few days, how often have the In the decease of this dear Friend the family and social circle in which she moved have lost a valued words, “A happy new year,” been uttered by member, for truly may it be said of her, she not only the lips of hundreds and thousands among us! possessed “ a meek and quiet spirit," but tbat the -the gleeful shout of the little child, as the sweetness of her disposition endeared her to all who bright sun of the opening year gilded his koew her. In the Society of Friends she felt a deep interest,

whole future with its rays of golden light, and which was manifested by her steady attendance of the calmer, yet still joyous greeting, as friend meetings, and in encouraging others to do likewise ; met friend, in the home.circle, the street, or and alohough called away suddenly, yet survivors the mart of business. bave the consolation to believe that sbe was not

as not ! To some, the words struck those deeper unprepared for the solemn event, and that her purified spirit has been admitted into companionship

chords of feeling and sad remembrance, whose with the "righteous of all generations, and with only response was tears, as the desolate home, the spirits of the just made perfect."

the vacant seat, the silent voice, whispered of - , near Selma, Clarke Co., Obio, on the 22d of bereaved affection and hopes whose earthly Twelfth month, 1867, of paralysis induced by con- light was quenched in darkness. To others. gestion of the brain, ThomaSIN H. Brangon, wife of Thomas Branson, and daughter of Edward and Mary

the greeting was full of bright anticipation Walker, of Frederic Co., Va., in the 57th year of ber and human joy, with no shading cloud to dim age. In the death of this Friend, Green Plain the glowing future. But again and again utMonthly Meeting loses a valuable elder, and our So-tered, repeated and echoed through all our

excellent and useful member; She attended | homes, how few have realized their deer signifithe Monthly Meeting on the 17th, and on her retora bome, before removiog her covering, was taken with cance, and from how few lips was the utterthe paralysis, from wbich she continued to sink till ance a true expression of the soul's deep wish her close. She had been in a delicate state of and prayer. health for about five years, affecting ber mental | We use these common expressioos of our faculties, particularly the memory, of wbich she was daily life.we meet and part, and call oursensible; hut the time past had been applied to lay-| ing up durable riches, and now her relatives and selves true and sincere,--but how much of all friends have the unspeakable satisfaction of believ- this intercourse is merely outward, the forms of iog sbe is a imitted to the unchangeable joy of the a common politeness, the greetings of formal righteous, thus affording evidence of the great ad-friendship, hiding the deeper soullife, or vantage of making the election of the soul complete blinding us to its great realities! Were our before the golden bowl" of the intellect be broken. - , on the 31st of last mouth, Jacob Jackson, in

in common and daily intercourse the simple utthe 77th year of bis age; a member of Jericho terances of the heart, too pure to need the Monthly and Particular Meetings. Seldom do we gloss of were civilities, too real to seek the witness the amount of bodily suffering from chronic mask of cold conventionalities, how much diseases as was the lot of this Friend to pass through

to pass through truer, higher, more Christ-like would be our at times during several years of the latter part of ice his life, throughout wbich be maintained a quiet and cheerful spirit, attending meetings whenever “A happy-new year !” but not necessarily a bis bealth would permit, and evincing by fortitude year all cloudless, serene and joyful, free from and patience his resignation to the Divine will. sorrow, care, sicknes and anxiety ;- not such

- , in Pbiladelphia, on the afternoon of First is our wish here to-day. We wish you, in. month 11th, CLIFFORD Smith, in his 691b yeur. - , on the morning of First mo. 11th, CAROLINE

deed, a bappy year, yet should God take French, aged 11 months, daughter of Charles S. and from you the health that now pulses through Anna B. French, members of Spruce St. Mouthly your veins and animates you with life and Meeting.

vigor, laying you on the couch of weariness - in Wilmington, Del, on the 19th of Twelfth

welfth and pain, it will be because in his perfect wismonth, 1867, STEVENSON CROASDALE, in the 78th year of his age.

dom He knows that sickness may conduce to

your soul's truer life and lead you nearer to FRIENDS' FUEL ASSOCIATION FOR THE POOR. Him than days of painless joy and ease.

Stated meeting on Seventh-day evening next, We wish you a happy year, yet should sorSecond month lat, 1868, at 8 o'clock, at Race Street

row cloud your sky, and anxiety fill your heart, Monthly Meeting Room. Jos. M. TRUMAN, JR., Clerk.

I and the touch of God's chastening hard rest

heavily on you, we know that through sorrow, FRIENDS' SOCIAL LYCEUM.

rightly met, the soul is made more strong, First month 28th, 1868, at 7.1 o'clock, Lecture by christ like, and enduring; and so we dare not DR. JAMES Tyson. Subject,-Food.”

ask to have the cup all pass from you. An adjourned Meeting of the Conference of Friends We wish you a happy year, yet should for the purpose of providing a Meetivg-House for the riches fade, and anxieties for the means of Indulged Meeting under tbe care of Green Street Monthly Meeting, will be held a: Hall, No. 1914an

daily subsistence press heavily upon you, and Coates Street, on First-day, 2d proximo, at 3 o'clock, many sources of outward a

many sources of outward enjoyment and ease P.M.

JAMES GASkill, Clerk. I be taken away, yet through the fading of the

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