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and their immediate wants supplied. They The Commencement of the Female Medical were also told that if they required food or help, College took place on the 16th inst., and the dethey should receive it, and the months of their gree of Doctor of Medicine was conferred upon stay passed away without any molestation or ten graduates. trouble from them.

The Valedictory Address was delivered by We have observed with deep regret the causes Mary J. Scarlett, M. D. for just complaiot made by several of the tribes

The following is an extract from it :in relation to the treaties made by government,

!! A physician's life is not one of eaşe ; no and broken, as the convenience of the increasing weath

increasing weather is too inclement, no night too dark for population of the whites seemed to demand. the calls of the sick to reach the medical ad

Wecan but sincerely hope that the threatened viser. The warm fireside must be forsaken; difficulties with these poor ignorant people the night's wonted repose changed to toil, tbat may be averted by the wise legislation in which the sufferer may receive timely aid or the be

reaved friends feel that all human skill which their rights may be respected, and they may be they could command bad been exerted. Nor iş made to feel that the government is their friend this all. The time spent in visiting the sick is and not their enemy.

only a portion of that required to be laborious..

ly occupied. Thought, reflection, research, deep DIED, At his residence at Rider's Mills, Columbia

and loog continued, into the causes of disease Co., N. Y., on the 2d of Eighth month. 1866. from, and the requisite treatment, belong to the worko the effects of paralysis, JONATậAN Rider, aged 86 of the physician. However pleasant this work years; a member of Cbatbam Monthly Meeting. I may be, it requires mental and physical endur

- at Roseville, Placer Co., California, on the ance. It is not enough simply to read what is 27th of First month, 1867, John Evens, aged 49 years. He was a native of Baltimore, Md, bot re

published. Tbe reading and investigation must moved with his fasher and mother, Edmund and

be so methodical as to make what is appropriElizabeth Evens, to Richmond, lod., where, in 1839, ated blend with one's own thoughts, and become be married Mary, danghter of Oliver Kinsey. In as it were a part of our own mentality, that it 1843 he buried his wife and three children within may be available when needed. three mooths. In 1849 he migrated to Califoruia. The change in public opinion in regard to the For a year p-st his health has been declining, al. though be was con Goed to the house but ten days.

capability of' woman to practice medicine has His close was peaceful and bappy.

been so great within the last few years that you -, on Fifth-day morning, Third mo. 21st, 1867, will have far less prejudice and opposition to CHARLES PALMER, son of David Palmer, of Lower I encounter than thuse had who have gone before Makefield Township, Bucks Co., Pa., in his 33d year.

| you. -, on the 26th of Third month, 1867, at the

Still these yet exist in some degree, and residence of his brother-in-luw, Chas. W. Reeve,

they can only be effectually overcome by those Dear Georgetown, N. J., Darling Conrow HANCOCK, ) who become members of the profession, by posson of the late Biddle Hancock, aged 30 years; a sessing the ability to meet exigencies, and to member of Green St. Monthly Meeting.

discharge devolving duties in a calm, dignified, - in Philadelphia, on ibe 26th of Third month, land skilful manner 1867, BENJAMIN A. SAOEMAKER, of Long Branch, N.J., aged 57 years.

Progression is the law of the universe. Sud. - on the 20th of Third month, 1867, Eliza, denly the world is startled by some unexpected daughter of the late Isaac and Ann Thomas; an at innovation. Silentiy the elements of revolution tender of Germautown Meeting.

have been at work; silently, but pot sectionally. Priends' fuel Association for the Poor will hold

The causes of progressive development permeate their final meeting this season this (Seventh-day)

society; a reformation in religion takes place. evening, at 8 o'clock.

It is not confined to one section—the people are Jog. M. TRUMAN, Clerk. ripe for its adoption.

We live in an age when the right to labor in It is related of a well-knowo divine, that, when our own way is not denied ur-when new aveon bis deathbed, he was dictating words to an Ques of usefulness are continually being opened amanuensis, who had written :

to us—when our God-given, physical, mental, "I am still in the land of the living." and moral powers may be expanded under the “Stop!” said the dying man, "correct that. benign influence of active and ennobling work. Say :

Work is the great reformer-idleness the tempt. "I am yet in the land of the dying, but hope er to vice and immorality. foon to be in the land of the living !"

The day for discussing the propriety of woBeautiful thought ! and it is go.

men attending to other than household duties Io his closing scene, the Christian is enabled has passed. We would not advocate a position to contrast this passing, dying world with that for woman that would in the slightest degree re"which is to come.”

Imove her from the home throne. The family

circle is the sanctuary in which life is most rel A few quotations will be given the first treshed and refreshing.

from a letier addressed to the Association by A great need is felt in society in all classes D. Webster Minor, a pupil of Sarah Ann Steer, of society-of competent medical advisers of the at Waterford, Va., who states the writer brought same sex. It is among the most sensitive, pure it to ber, and that she forwards it without any and refined, whether rich or poor, that your correction : professional skill will be brought most into Quotations in this, as in every other case requisition. It is in answer to the demand that may follow, given "verbatim et literatim."] made by suffering women that you are here to- “ Most high and benevolent friendsday. Your own innate sense of what belongs “We take this oppertunity to return our to the profession will teach you that it is not by thanks to you for your meney favors which you following the example of a few women who have have bestowed upon us a poor downtr'den race, unfortunately taken erratic means to make them but we thank the grate God who is the rular of selves a pame in the world that you will best serve all things for having broke the chpes of bondage the cause in which you have enlisted, Be true, and set the prisener free. We hav sum good modest, unpretending women, and if you possess friends here and we are happy to think that skill, as we believe you do, there will be no our dear friends of the north hav not forgoten Deed of pretentious display-your good works , us, for we know not what would have becom of will speak in deep tones for you.

of us, if you had forgoten us. You hav sent That you will be so clothed with the attributes your dearly beloved and faithful teachers among of refined womanhood, that whether you enter us, and tha are dewing us grat good by their the palaces of the wealthy, the comfortable good examples and advice. Tha have left their homes of those in what is considered the mid- pleasant homes to com amongst us to instruct dle ranks of life, or the bovel of the indigent, you us, and we will dew all in our power to make will dignify the profession you have chosen, we their labors easy and agreeable. The valuable are assured. That skill, tenderness, and com. books which you hav sent to us are instructive passion will not be governed by monetary con. messengers to our upcultivated miods. Wo siderations, we are also convinced.

thank you again for the clothen we hav received, Tbis institution has been in progress for sev. ' also the money that we received to help on with enteen years, and has, from year to year, our church which whould hav been nearer don given evidence of increasing popularity. Dur: than it is had it not been for the hard whinter. ing the past session, forty-four students have “We hay a great meney triels with our eneattended, and among these are ladies of great mys but we do not mind the slurs tha are conpromise. Attached to the building is the stantly throwing at us. We hav had verry Women's Hospital, in which thousands are good belth with us. The heard whinter has treated annually, and which affords clinical ad., been verry much against us but I think with vantages to the students.

the help of the Lord we may get through.”

Another letter addressed to the Association For Friends' Intelligencer.

is equally expressive : FRIENDS AMONGST THE FREEDMEN.

“Dear Friends—We feel as if we would like NO. VI.

to apswer your kind letter which we received It is not intended in the present number to from you, and we also thank you for the valu. go into the details for each school uoder the able boxes, and we feel that they have been of care of Friends, but simply to present the ag- grate value to us. And we also thank you for greyate number under instruction, adding some the monpey we have received from you toother little matters of interest.

wards our school house, and the presa pts for · Fourteen out of the sixteen schools were ro our children. And we thank our Heavenly ported last month. These fourteen schools en- Father, and you also. We feel that we are not rol 741 pupils, of whom 585 read and 632 able to express our thanks to you. write, while 585 are between 6 and 16 years of “ You tell us we must love the beauties of age, with only 23 of the entire number in the nature: It hurries my mind back to the hours alpbabet. All the teachers write very encour. | when our land were rapted in ware, and truble agingly about their schools, and from all we and sorrow. Grass and flowers all denotes that can learn, they are highly prosperous. Very God is love, and when I hear the robben, lark, creditable specimens of the peomanship of some ! & dove warble prays to their maker above; of the pupils sometimes accompany the reports, I membry [memory 7 seams to say all is right, usually with the assurance vf the teachers that but the heart of man. And swe] feel that we the composition and execution is all their own, are greatly indebted to our kind and patiencent without any assistance whatever, and often with teacher ; guring the cold winter Do weather the information that a few short months previ- dident prevent her presants from the school. ously they did not know one letter from an. We hope you will make allowance for this badly other.

composed letter.

“Written on behalf of the colored people," map of North America, drawn at home, without &o.

any instruction, and without her knowledge, Some of the signatures to this letter might until brought to her as a surprise. well put the blush on many of the pupils of our Much more of like character with the above northern schools.

compilation might be introduced, but enough A portion of the pupils of Mary McBride, av has been given, coming as they do from various Fairfax Court-House, forward the following: localities, to show the gratitude of those for "To the Puiladelphia Association of Friends:" whom we are laboring, as well as their satis

“ Ladies and Gentlemen. In the name of factory advancement. At the same time we the pupils of the colored school of Fairfax C. H. must not forget how much we and they are in. ve the undersigoed bog leave to thank you for debted to the faithfulness of our teachers for your kindness to us, not ouly in sending the these evideoces of success, clothing and gifts, but also in provending us al It may be well to add that another letter teacher, books, &c., for a school. We can has been received, from Susan H. Clark, at simply say thank you," and endeavor by our Fortress Monroe, gratefully acknowledging our future behavior and improvement to prove that second donation of clothing, as well as the "actions speak louder than words.

money forwarded, (from individual contribu. The above was signed by twenty-one of the tiops). Both came very opportunely, and her pupils, the teacher pencilling the ages opposite details of their distribution are full of interest. each name. Their ages range from 8 to 16 Philada., 3d 20., 1867. J. M. E. years the writer of the address being only thirteen. The quotation marks are just as the manuscript gives them.

WOMAN. Sarah E. Lloyd, at Woodlawn, also sends a Is it not strange, after all the Bible says of number of specimens, one of which reads : woman and women, ladies should be preferred

"I will learn my lesson well—it is a grate by many of her sex. “She shall be called thing to learn to write and read. I love to go woman," is the very first intimation that we to school and learn my lesson, and I love to tell have of her dame. We read of the gentle, lovthe truth."

ing Ruth, the queenly Esther, and Elizabeth, (Signed) HARRIETT JORDON. the mother of John, all as women, and she who Another of her pupils, after an attendance was the most exalted of all, Mary, the mother of only eleven days, writes, very creditably, with of Jesus. If lady had been a superior title, or a lead pencil, “God can see you-man may not something equivalent to it, it surely would bave see you, but God can.”

been conferred upon her. True, she was poor, (Signed) Francis BUTLER. the wife of a carpenter, her babe was born in a Some of the pupils of Mary K. Brosius, at manger, yet the angels rejoiced, and the morn. Vienna, address the Association as follows: ing stars sang together, as she (a woman) held * Oar dear friends"

the child in her arms. Who bathed the Saviour's "We thank you for being so kind as to think feet with her tears, and followed Him to the of us, and sending us clothing, and also a teacher cross and tomb, and received the first blessing wbich we all love. We will try and repay you of the risen Lord ?Woman. Ever kind and in our good works, as this is the only way we compassionate, the very same seems to breathe can shew our gratitude to our kind friends. of love and adoration. And we also thank our blessed Lord for givio In all ages noble, heroic women were the us sach kind friends; we would love to see you mothers of true, brave med. Our grandaothers dear faces, but if we never meet in this world and great-grandmothers were all women; they I pray that we may meet in heaven, and I will loved their busbands, taught their children and try and remember my dear friends in my made home happy; their song grew up and prayers."

called them blessed. The words, woman, mother Yours respectfully

and home, form the golden links that keep society (Signed) Fanny DENNY. together; there seems a comfort in each word, Then follow the signatures of seven others, but the word lady brings to our mind's eye sickone of whom is only five years old.

| ly children, little graves, a disorderly house, A number of examples in Arithmetic have and a bankrupt husband. It is this love of sbow also been forwarded by Caroline Thomas, of that is ruiving the American people; we want Leesburg, Va., comprising Addition, Subtrac- women, good and true, to preside over the tion, Multiplication and Division, accompanied homes of their husbands and children, to fil in some instances with proofs of their results the places that God intended them to fill, directwhich are really wonderful; some of them in- ing the minds of song and daughters to future volving over forty, and some over fifty figures usefulness for tbemselves and fellow creatures. in their execution.

The perpetuity and greatness of pations depend One of the teachers sent a very pretty colored on the high moral culture of the women. . " Glory to God in the highest, and on Earth . From "Greece, Ancient and Modorn." Peace, Good will to men.

Lecture delivered before the Lowell Institute by C. C.

FELTON, late President of Harvard University. "Two mighty lands have shaken bands

RURAL LIFE OF GREECE. Across the deep wide sea;

The idea of Greece usually entertained is The world looks forward with new hope

that of a country of heroes, poets, artists, and Of hetter times to be; For, from our rocky headlands,

philosophers; and in truth, the great signifiUnto the distant West,

cance of Hellas in the history of man is emHave sped the messages of love

bodied in the iodividuals belonging to these il. From kiod old Eogland's breast.

lustrious classes of her sons. Yet the common And from America to us .

life of man was lived there as well as by us. Harh come the glad reply,

Through the openings of the splendid curtain " We greet you from our heart of hearts, We bail the new-made tie;

which presents itself to our vision as the true We pledge again our living iroth,

picture of Hellas, we catch glimpses of famiWhich under Heaven sball be

liar scenes--of the toil for daily bread, of the As stendlast as Monadnoc's cliffs,

vulgar wauts of humanity. Tho life of Greece And deep as is the sea.”

was not all heroism, romance, poetry, and art. Henceforth the East and West are bound

It rested, as life everywhere rests, on the bosom By a new link of love; Aod, as to Noah's ark there came

os the common Mother Earth. If the Greeks The olive-bearing dove,

were pre-eminently a pation of poets and artists, so does this ocean telegraph,

They were no less pre-eminently a nation of This marvel of our day,

farmers. They understood the theory and Give hopeful promise that the tide

the practice of agriculture, though some of the Of war shall ebb away.

sciences now deemed important to the best culNo more, as in the days of yore, S all mountains keep apurt,

tivation of the earth were wholly unknown to No longer oceans sunder wide

them. The human heart from heart;

In Homer we find lovely sketches of the priFor inan bath grasped the thunderbolt

mitive country life, and the rural tastes and And made of it a slave

habits of the most eminent personages. Hesi. To do hi: errands o'er the land, And underneath the wave.

od's Works and Days is chiefly devoted to the Stretch on, thou wonder-working wire;

rustic lore which experience had taught to the Stretch North, South, East and West,

cultivators of the earth in his age, both with Deep down beneath the surging sea,

respect to the virtues of industry, temperance High o'er the mountaia's crest;

and thrift, and to the practical methods of husStretch onward without stop or stay,

bandry. The precepts seem to have been drawn All lands and oceans span, Knitting with firmer, closer bands,

in a great measure from the poet's owu experiMan to his brother man.

ence. He was a Bæotian farmer, and, like the Stretch on, still on, thou wondrous wire,

farmers of New England, had a great amount D fining space and time,

of proverbial philosophy at his congue's end. Of all the mighly works of man,

The early Greek agriculturists carefully obThou art the most sublime.

served the phenomena of the heavens, and knew On thee bright-eyed and joyous Peace

all about the weather. The habits of the ani. · Her swertest smile hatb smiled, For, side by side, thou briog'st again

mals; the flight of birds, according to the sea. The mother and the child.

son; a knowledge of the propefties of different Stretch on! Oh may a blessing rest

soils, and their adaptation to different kinds of Upon this wondrous deed,

crops; the method of discovering springs This conquest where no tears are shed,

were among the subjects of their practical obIo which no victims bleed.

servation and study; and their skill in them May no rude storm disturb iby rest,

would surprise those who think that sense and Nor quench the swift-winged fire That comes and goes at our command

observation are of modern growth. Wagons, Along thy wondrous wire.

carts, ploughs, and harrows were generally Long may'st thou bear the messages

manufactured on the farın, if it was a large one, Or love from shore to sbore,

or in its neighborhood, by smiths and carpen. And nid all good men in the cause

ters; and the kinds of wood choson for these Of Him whom we adore;

purposes were deter inined with much care. For thou ait truly but a gift By ibe All-bounteons given;

Corn was ground, first, in a large mortar, with The minds that thought, the bands that wrought, a pestle. The list of other implements-scythes, Were all bestowed by Heaven."

pruning-hooks, saws, spades, shovels, rakes,

pickaxes, hoes, and the like-could hardly be Prayer is nothing but the breathing that out extended now. The methods of enriching the before the Lord that was breatbed into us by the soil were carefully studied ; the utility of guapo spirit of the Lord.

I and seaweed, as well as of the common manures,

was perfectly understood and largely verified | early as the time of Homer winnowing machines in practice. Land was allowed to recover its were used. The whole process is described by strength by lyiog fallow, as Xenophon teaches him in one of those similes which are finisbed in his Economicus. To protect the grain from off like elaborate pictures. The graparies were birds, scarecrows were set in the fields; and to prepared with the utmost care ; and when the make all sure, they were accustomed to try a fruits of the season were housed the event was curious spell. Having caught a toad, they car-celebrated by a festival in honor of Demeter and ried him around the field by night alive, and Dionysos, of which the distinguishing feature then put him into & jar, sealed him up, and was that do bloody sacrifices were offered, but baried him in the middle of the ground. only cakes and fruit-fine loayes made of the After these precautions it was supposed that new corn being among the offerings at the festhe growing blade was safe from enemies. Hay tival of the Thyalysia. was an article whose value was well understood.

* * * * The time for mowing was carefully determined; The vintage was a season of great rejoicing, and the hay-ricks were made with due precau- as it is everywhere. In Greece it was particu. tions against dampness on one hand, and spon-larly memorable on account of its connection taneous combustion on the other. When the with the origin of tragedy and comedy. A con. time of harvest came, the laborers at Athens siderable portion of the grapes was reserved and ranged themselves round the agora, and waited kept fresh, or converted into raisins for the to be employed by the farmers. Homer has an use of the table. animated passage in which he compares the It would be endless to describe the variety of rushing together of two hostile armies to rival fruits, and the methods of raising and preserve parties of barvesters starting from opposite sides ing them practiced by the Greeks. The olive of the field :

was perhaps the most extensively used, as the As reapers each to the other opposite

oil was not only employed for lights, but was With haste rush forward, mowing quickly the basis of cookery. Figs, citrons, pomegraStalks of wbeat or burley in some rich man's field, While dense before them fall the sheafy heaps;

Dates, apples, quinces, and pears were among So ruebiog terribly, with mutual rage,

the principal; and from apples and pears large Trojans and Greeks the slaughter wage.

quantities of cider and perry were manufactured. In another place, the same incomparable

The farm-yard had a multitude of noisy ton. poet presents to us a delightful harvest scene :

ants. Geese and ducks often waddled into the There, in a field, amid lofty corn the lusty reapers

kitchen, in one corner of which might be heard stand,

the comforting sounds of the occupant of the Plying their task right joyously, with sickle each pig-sty. The art of enlarging the goose's liver in band.

to pleasо the fastidious appetite of the gourSome strew in lines, as on they press, the bandfuls inand, by cooping him up in a heated room and

tbiek bebind, While at their beels the heavy sheaves their merry

stuffing him with fattening food and drink, was comrades bind.

not left for German gastronomers to iuvent, but These to the mows & troop of boys next bear in was well known to the Greeks, and to the beste away,

Egyptians before them. Henneries, furnished And pile upon the golden glebe the triomphs of the with roosts, were attached to the kitchen, 80 as

day. Among them, wrapped in silent joy, their sceptred

to receive its smoke, which was supposed to be king appears,

agreeable to barn-door fowls. Peacocks, pheaBeholding in the swelling beaps the stores of future sants, guinea-heps, partridges, quails, moor-hens, years.

thrusbes, pigeons in immense numbers, many A mighty ox beneath an oak the busy beralds Blay,

Ak the busy beralds Blay, smaller birds, and even jackdaws, were found With grateful sacrifice to close the labors of the day.

lin the establishments of the wealthier farmers. While near, the busbandman's repast the rustic maids prepare,

The curious scenes in the Birds of Aristophanes Spriokling with flogr the broiling cakes whose savor show the great familiarity of that poct with the fills the air.

habits and character of every knowo species of The grain was trodden out from the straw by bird. horses, oxen, or mules, on a circular threshing. The laboring animals were much the same as floor, usually placed on an eminence in the open in modern times, except that the horse was less feld. A pole was set up in the centre of the commonly employed in the work of a farm. floor, and the cattle were fastened to it by a Oxen were used as now. The arrangements of tope reaching to the circumference. As they a Greek dairy were not unlike our own, and mored round it the rope coiled itself about the though butter was not much used in the classipole antil they were brought up at the centre; cal ages, it is mentioned by Hippocrates, under then their heads were turned in the opposite the name of pikerion. Cheese was universally direction until the cord was unwound. Some- eaten, generally while fresh and soft Milk was times a rude threshing machine, toothed with sold in the Grecian markets by women; and it stodes or iron, or a flail, was employed. As frequently reached the eustomer in the sbapo

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