« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
but still looked very spirited. There was much | Ratisbon; that is dedicated to St. Peter, and more frescoing in Ratisbon thap in Nuremberg, has two most beautiful towers, though neither and R. looked old and ruinous, as ( had ex- of them is quite finished. The beauty of the pected to see Nuremberg. The streets are interior consists of its painted windows. I was filled with beggars, and I did not see one beg. present here at a silent mass; I do not know gar in Nuremberg. The market for fruits that it was a mass, but it was a service, and seemed good; but wood was sold in small quan every one seemed very much wrapped in detities, and women were carrying it on their votion; no word was uttered, and there was not backs in baskets, suggesting emall ménages. even music. We took a carriage at two o'clock The only thing that looked prosperous in Ratis. and drove to the village of Donaustauf, to see bon was the palace of the Prince of Tour and the Waltalla. We crossed the Danube and Taxis, which was formerly the convent of St. another river which flows into it, and rode Emmeran. One part of it was built in the some miles through a rather flat country, seeing seventh century, but there is a vast amount of afar off the Walhalla, or temple of Germanic restoration about it and constructions of later Glory, a building on the model of the Parthedate. This palace is on the outskirts of the non, with fifty-two Doric pillars. It is built on city, and its gardens are where the ramparts a hill, and forms a striking object in the land. were formerly. They are open at all hours scape. When we arrived at the village of Donevery day to the public; and from eleven to austauf, we lost sight of the temple, and twelve every day the public are admitted to the alighted behind the hill, which we ascended by gallery of pictures and to the chapel, which is a winding path tbrough the woods, which path of beautiful modern construction, containiog brought us quite abruptly upon the building, eix painted windows, esch of which consists of which is of pure white marble, set upon a three golden or silver gothic spires, within marble underpinning. We approached it in which stands either a Hebrew prophet or an such a way that we first surveyed the back of apostle. Each of these spires is ditferent, and it, the tympanum being ornamented with fig. the colors of the garments of the figures are of ures of Arminians conquering the Roman Va. surprising splendor. A marble Christ, as large rus. It is in bigh relief and superb, (by as life, by Daoneker, hangs over the altar. In Schwanthaler.) We then walked round to the the middle of the chapel is an opening in the front, where there is a white marble staircase floor, and one sees below, five or six tombs, of two hundred and fifty steps leading from the surrounded by beautiful bronze work. As a meadows that border the Danube. It must be great favor, we were allowed to go down; and perfectly magoificent to view this beautiful we found there another altar, and seats for temple from the Danube, standing, as it does, those attending funeral service. Everything on the brow of a nearly perpendicular hill, up looked new and perfect. We were not admit which this gigantic staircase leads. On the ted to see more of the house, but went into the front tympanum is another sculpture in high old church of St. Emmeran close by. This is relief, representing Germania recovering her the oldest looking and most remarkable church liberty at ihe battle of Leipsic. Our party I have visited; the frescoing is very florid. In descended the first light of steps in order to the church were two mummies of martyrs, I look up and see this beautiful sculpture of which had been brought from Rome, most hor-Schwanthaler's. We then went in and found rible, ghastly images, with jewels of great ourselves in a vast hall of marble. The length splendor in their sockets where eyes should be, of the longitudinal walls is broken by two clusand in the nostrils, on the mouth, in the head. ters of pillars, whose capitals are balconies at dress, about the neck, round the wrists, on the the common height of a lofty room, where a feet and on the dresses, blinding diamonds, I cornice extends all round; on which stand, at rubies and emeralds. It seemed to me the worst intervals, twelve Walkyrias, (the warlike virpossible taste,-a skeleton covered with jewels. gins of the Northero Mythology.) There are Lamps were burning and people were kneeling colossal statues, draped and colored, that hold before these frightful objects. The whole up the ceiling, which is blue, in squares, in church was oroamented in every niche and each of which is a white star. Between the corner with statues of saints, angels, Mary Walkyrias, set in gold letters, in beautiful mother, and Christ in every form,-a child, ashes of rose colored marble, are the names of bearing the cross, crucified, and performing all heroes and other eminent men of Germanic miracles. There were two very large chapels race, including the Anglo-Saxon rulers of Eng. filled with funereal monuments; in one there land who were eminent. Beneath the cornice, seemed to be monuments to all the Emperors, and extending round the hall, is a frieze of including one to Maria Theresa. In the other white marble, in which is sculptured in figures chapel was a landscape in wood, with figures of the progress of the Germanic race, from the Jesus Christ and the sleeping disciples on the emigrant wagons and war.chariots of the first Mount of Olives. This is not the Cathedral of Germans in Europe, to the development of the arts and sciences. Beneath this frieze are tory, one looks upon the advantages that Amemore than one hundred busts of all the artists, rica has at her disposal for solving the probpoets, philosophers, heroes, discoverers, &c., of lems of humanity; it is about as much as one the Germanic race, whose portraits could be can bear, to think of the narrow, selfish views, obtained, all of pure white marble; and, as it and even of the innocent ignorance of Ameriseemed to me, of the best execution. There cans. At how many crises of history have are already two rows of busts round this vast such great chances presented themselves in hall, and each bust is on a marble shelf, held vain, aud the patriot prophet cried out, in the up by a figure of some kind representing labor. Dame of truth and humanity, which are the The groups of busts are divided by six life-size voice of God, “Ye will not come unto me that Victories, by Bauch. The pavement is of ye might have life !” When shall we learn white marble, with a mosaic pattern in colored that we must fasten our car of state to a star? marbles; it is so higbly polished that it seemed “ It is only by celestial observations that the as if we were walking on a mirror. We were seas of this world can be traversed.” E. P.P. all provided with soft slippers, put op over our shoes, so that instead of soiling we might help
For Friends' Intelligencer. to polish this beautiful floor. At the back of
OBITUARY. the hall was a door which led by marble steps Died, on the 31st of December, at the hour of midnight, up a winding way to the level of the cornice;
the year of 1867. and here we found a narrow passage way lead
Another year bas breatbed farewell;
And still, o'er hill and valley, swell ing from the front gallery to the balconies in
Faint echoes of bis funeral knell. the pillars, and from these, as well as from the
His spring-time passed among the flowers; gallery open in front, we had fine views of the
There came, to dim those buppy hours, hall. Both walls of this narrow gallery are of No griefs, beyond soft April showers. the same rose colored marble that forms most
And when the song-birds' merry lays of the walls, and so highly polished that the
Proclaimed the sun-bright summer days, light which came in by the balconies made it ap He trod in manhood's steroer ways. pear as if we were walking through wide spaces;
He bravely reaped, with care and pain, and we were surprised at touching them with Through noontide's beat and sorrow's rain, our hands. It is a most magnificent structure To garaer up Life's ripened grain. certainly, and most magnificently filled with
Then when the song birds southward soared, master pieces of art, and is a monument of His toil bad ceased, his sheaves were stored; glory to the king who projected it and carried Plenty sat smiling at his board. it out. It cost four millions of dollars, which
But now when rest had come at last, sum was divided among the greatest architects, He often turned a glance to cast artists and most skilful workmeu of Germany. Far back into the happy Past. Wagner made the white marble frieze of which The friends that cbeered youth's sunny dayI spoke. A fire is kept in the cellar all win The flowers that bloomed along life's wayter, and the registers are cunningly distributed, Were gone. He asked, “Oh! where are they?" so as not to deform the building. The people A deep chill crept bis fpirit o'er, who take care of it occupy a dwelling in the As from the forest and the shore woods near by. It is open every day, and
Came a sad murmur of "No more." beautiful stereoscopic and photographic views And when the winter cast its snow of the interior and exterior are for sale there; Upon bis head,-be joyed to know also books of description ; but the name of every
The end was near,—and he must go. bust is cut upon it, so that there is no occasion So wben the midnight shadows wave for a catalogue. It is lighted from the top. Round dreary Winter's icy cave, In the village of Donaustauf we found a coun.
Time laid the Old Year in bis grave. try-seat (a large palace and gardens of the
H. L.F. Prince of Tour and Taxis, who seems to be the
For Friends' Intelligencer. one great nobleman of Ratisbon. On Wednes.
THE ROSE OF JERICHO. day we left for Munich, and arrived here at
'Midst the wilderness of sand, night. On. Thursday we walked round the city
In Arabia's arid land, into Promenade Platz, looking at the statnes;
And on Syria's plainsalso visited our banker, and read disagreeable Where no other verdure grows, American news. Our leading politicians, even Springs this wondrous roving rose, of the Republican party, with a few exceptions,
And a fooibold gains. are pot single-minded enough; they think too
From the cleft rock see it shootmuch of serving their own petty ivterests when
lo the trodden path take root
Clinging to the walls they should think only of the great interests of
Where the broken columns say, the Federal Union and of human civilization,
Glory all has passed away When taking the standpoint of European bis- | From proud Tadmor's balis.
Growing where po dews distil
Captain Long, of the bark Nile, who seems Where no rains the fountains fill,
to have examined the land most attentively, God a way bas planned, That the bidden germ may shoot,
having cruised along the entire southern coast,
has drawn a sketch of its appearance. It is And the plant perfect its fruit In this barren land.
quite elevated, and near the centre bas an exFroin the earth its roots uptorn,
tinct crater cone, which he estimated to be By ibe tropic breezes borne
2,480 feet high. He named it Wrangell's To the far-off main
Land, after the noted Russian explorer. The There the seeds die moisture find;
west poiot he named Cape Thomas, after the Soon the sea is left behind For the desert plain.
seaman on his ship who discovered it, and the There its leaves of vivid green,
southeast point Cape Hawaii.
The names Quickly springing forth are seen,
given by Capt. Long are so exceedingly approTo redeem the waste
priate that we doubt not Geographical Societies From the dreariness that reigns
of Europe and America will adopt them, and In these trackless barren plains,
call this land Wrangell's Land. Capt. Long Wih so beauty graced.
has prepared for us an account of the interestTiny desert flower, in thee Tokens of God's love we see,
ing discovery, which we insert bere: And his watchful care
HONOLULU, Nov. 5, 1867.-11 M. Whitney, Who can thus dispel the gloom,
Exq.-Sir :-During my cruise in the Arctic Make the lonely desert bloom
Ocean this season I saw land not laid down on As a garden fair.
any chart that I have seen. The land was first Where the tropic blossoms glow,
seen from the bark Nile on the evening of the As amid the arctic snow
11th of August, and the next day, at 9.30 Everyw bere we trace Foot-prints of the mighty God,
A. M., tbe ship was 18 miles distant from the E'en where man hath seldom trod,
west point of the land. I had good observaTokens of his grace.
A. R. P. tions this day, and made the west point to be
in latitude 70 degrees 46 minutes porth, and From the Evening Bulletin
longitude 178 degrees 30 minutes east. The THE NEW POLAR CONTINENT.
lower part of the land was entirely free from Letters from Capts. Long and Raynor-- The snow and had a green appearance, as if covered
Names Suggested-Supposed Extent of the with vegetation. There was broken ice between
the ship and the land, but as there was po indi[From the Honolulu Commercial Advertiser, Nov. 9.] cations of whales, I did not feel justified in en
One of the most interesting items that we deavoring to work through it and reach the have learned from the whalemen, who have shore, which I think could have been done cruised in the Arctic Ocean the past summer, without much danger. We sailed to the eastis the discovery of extensive land in the mid- ward along the land during the 15th and part dle of that ocean, which may yet prove to be a of the 16th, and in some places approached it Polar Contipept. The existence of this land as near as fifteen miles. has long been known, but owing to the impassa On the 16th the weather was very clear and ble ice barred along its shores, of its extent and pleasant, and we had a good view of the middle character nothing very definite has been known and eastern portion of the land. Near the cen. until this season. Baron Wrangell, the famous tre, or about in longitude 180 deg., there is a Russian explorer, first communicated to the mountain which has the appearance of an exworld the knowledge of is existence, as he tinct volcano. By approximate measurement learned it from the Siberian Iodians, and it is I found it to be 2,480 feet high. I had excel. simply marked on most Arctic charts, “ exten- lept observations on the 16th, and made the sive highland.” It should be stated that the southeastern cape, which I have pamed Cape past summer has been the mildest and most Hawaii, to be in latitude 70 deg. 40 min. favorable for whaling ever known by our oldest north, and longitude 178 deg. 51 min. west. whalemen. Ope master says that he did not It is impossible to tell how far this land extends see a piece of ice as large as his hand till he northward, but as far as the eye could reach we reached the Straits, and even beyond that, up could see ranges of mountains potil they were to 72 deg., the sea was generally free from float- lost in the distance; and I learn from Capt. ing ice. The weather, for the most part, has Biven, of the ship Nautilus, that he saw land been exceedingly mild, with southerly winds northwest of Herald Island as far north as lati. prevailing, which has tended to melt the ice or tude 72 deg. drive it northward. As a result of the favor. The first knowledge of the existence of this able state of the ocean and weather, the ships | land was given to the civilized world by Lieut.
farther north this summer than ever Ferdinand Wringell, of the Russian Navy, who, before, some having reached as high as latitude I find, in 1840, was an Admiral in the same 73 deg. 30 min.
service. In his expeditions from Nashne
Korymsk, in the consecutive years from 1820 | extended observations on the subject, which to 1824, he obtained information from the may be of benefit to other cruisers in this direcTschuktschi that on clear days, in the summer tion, if you will allow me room in your paper season, they could see land north from Cape on some future occasion. Yours, very truly, Jakao.
Thomas Long From the appearance of the land as we saw The next interesting inquiry relates to its it, I feel convinced that it is inhabited, as there extent. As near as we can learn, after diligent were large numbers of walrus in this vicinity, inquiry, no one landed anywhere on it, though and the land appeared more green than the several vessels coasted within a few miles of it. maiu coast of Asia, and quite as capable of sup- The southern shore rups a distance of about porting man as the coast from Point Harrow to 100 miles eart and west. How far it extends Mackenzie river or the northern parts of Green. Dorth is at present a matter of conjecture. land, which are in a much higher latitude. Capt. Biven, while cruising near Herald Isl. There is a cape a little to the westward of Cape and, north latitude 71 deg. 20 min., west lon
akan, which has a very singular appearance.gitude 175 deg., and distant about 80 miles On the summit and along the slopes of this from the southeast point of Wrangell's Island, promontory there is an immense number of up. saw the mountan ranges extending to the northright and prostrate columns-some haviog the west as far as the eye could reach. He thinks appearance of pyramids, others like obelisks; it not improbable that it extends north several some of them with the summit larger than the hundred miles. If so, it would appear to be base. The character of the surrounding coun. of great extent, perhaps sufficient to be termed try, which was rolling, with no abrupt declivi. a cootinent. By taking a chart of the Arctic ties, made these objects appear more singular. Ocean, and marking the land from two points They were not one continuous mass, but named above, it will be found to lie about serscatiered over a large surface, and in clusters enty miles distant from the Siberian coast. of tifteen or twenty yards, with intervals of The straits between the two shores are usually several hundred yards between them.
blocked with ice, but this season they have While at anchor pear this place, Captain been quite clear. Capt. Long thinks that a Phillips, of the Monticello, came on board and propeller might readily have steamed far up drew my attention to a large black place on the north either on the west or east side of this slope of one of the hills, and said he thought it land, and made full discoveries regarding its
We examined it with the telescope, extent and character. and it had a very distinct appearance of coal. The following letter from Capt. Ragnor conIt glistened in the sun, and appeared like a tains some additional particulars relatiog to the large surface which had been used as a deposit for northerly current past Herald Island, a circumcoal. It was about one and a half miles in length, stance noticed by several masters, and which and one-half mile in breadth, the country sur-tends to confirm the opinion that the newly disrounding it being corered with vegetation. covered land extends some distance to the From 175 to 170 degrees east there was no in. Dorth. In the channel north of Herald Island dications of animal life in the water. We saw the sea was clear of ice as far north as the eye no seals, walrus, whales, or animalculæ in the could reach from the vessel that went fartbest water. It appeared almost as blue as it does into it. in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, although HONOLULU, Nov. 1, 1867.— Mr. Whitneythere was but from fifteen to eighteen fathonis Sir: lo compliance with your request, I send in any place within forty miles of the land. I a short account of a large tract of land, lying think the position I have assigned to this land in the midst of the Arctic Ocean, hitherto but will be found correct, as Mr. Flitner examined little known. This land has heretofore been my chronometer on my arrival, and found considered to be two islands, one of which is it only one and a half miles in error.
marked on the English charts as Plover Island, I bave named this northern land Wrangell's wbich is laid down to the W. S. W. of Herald Land, as av appropriate tribuie to the memory Island. The other is simply marked "extenof a man who spent three consecutive years sive lands with high peaks.” On my last north of latitude 69 deg., and demonstrated the cruise I sailed along the south and east side of problem of this open Polar Sea forty five years this island for a considerable distance three ago, although others of much later date have different times, and once cruised along the enendeavored to claim the merit of this discovery tire shore, and by what I considered reliable The west cape of this land I bave named Cape observations, made the extreme southwest cape Thumas, from the man who first reported the to lie in Dorth latitude 70 deg. 50 min., and land from the masthead of my ship, and the east longitude 178 deg. 15 min.
The southsoutheastern cope I bave named after the largest east cape I found to lie portb latitude 71 deg. island in this group. As this report has been 10 min., and west longitude 176 deg. 46 min. hurriedly prepared, I would wish to make more I The south coast appears to be nearig st'aight,
with high, rugged cliffs and entirely barren. distance from any such market, pop-corn might The northeast coast I have not examined to any be raised to advantage, or white bush-beaps, as extent, but it appears to run from the southeast they always command a good price is a good Cape in a northwesterly direction for about article ; still a great deal would depend on the fifteen or twenty miles, and then turns to the nature of the land, and what was most in denorth and nori heast. I learned from Capt. mand in either case. After planting, do not Biven that he traced it much farther north, think that your work is done till harvesting; and has seen others who have traced it to but keep the ground mellow; hoe your crops north of latitude 72 degrees. I think there is as often as you can; do not let a weed be seen, no doubt that it extends much fartber to the for all that goes to pourish the weed will be north, and that there is another island to the taken from your pocket. It will take you but a east of it, say in lovgitude 170 degrees west, few moments a day to hoe it over, if
do not and to the northwest of Point Barrow, with a bave too much ground, which would be worse passage between it and the land I have just de.than haviog none, for you will find that a little scribed. My reason for thinking so is this: ground well tilled is a great deal better than we always find ice to the south of the known a good deal left to take care of itself, or only land farther to the south than we do to the half taken care of. eastward of it. The current runs to the north “ Another ching you will find to be of great west, from one to three knots an hour. use to you as well as a pleasant pastime, and I hat
In the longitude of 170 degrees west we is, to have a blank book, in a part of which you always find the ice barrier from fifty to eighty should set down the time of planting, the kiod miles farther south than we do between that of manures used, and which gave the best satisand flerald Islaod, and there is always a faction; how your crops stood the drought or strong current setting to the northwest between wet weather, as the case might be; and in fact these localities, wuless prevented by strong anything which you might think would benefit northerly gales (for in such shoal water as tbe you to know in a succeeding year. In another Arctic Ocean, the currents are changed easily part of my book I would keep an account with by the winds), which would indicate that there my land, charging it with the manure, seed and is a pasjage in that direction where the waters labor, and giving it credit for its produce. In pass between two bodies of land that hold the this way you can see at a glance wbat crops pay ice, the one knowo, the other unknown. the best, and what manure will produce the
I would add that the southwest cape of the largest crops. In keeping your books for a few island described above lies seventy-five miles years you will derive much pleasure in looking distant from the Asiatic or Siberian coast. back at your first beginning to farm for yourYours, very truly,
self. Geo, W. Raynor, “If for the first year or two your pocketMaster of ship Reindeer. money does not equal your expectation, you
must not be discouraged, but remeniber that
what does not go into your pocket goes into POCKET-MONEY FOR FARMERS' BOYS. The Germantowo Telegraph suys :
your head in the shape of experience, which
will be of great use to you in future years. Let “ How to raise pocket-money is a hard ques- those who can, try this; it will cost them nothtion for a great many farmers' sons to solve.ing if they are living on farms, for all the work True, some may hare but little trouble to get may be done at noons, nights, and early in the it, providing their parents are wealthy; but to morning. It will not only be a source of pleathis class I shall not speak. To such boys as sure to them, but also of profit.” like to earn what they spend, and have a desire to become farmers, I will present a plan by These statements should have appeared last which both these ends may be attained to a week, in connection with the Monthly Review more or less degree.
“ In the first place it will be necessary to of the Weather, but were unavoidably crowded have a small piece of ground, on the farm, of out.--Eds. course; to those who cannot get that, my plan The following item, recently published, must be will not be feasible. After having got your particularly gratifying to every citizen of Philadelland you are ready to commence operations. pbian
" The official report of interments in Philadelphia, All your spare moments may be employed upon for the year 1867, makes the wbole number 13,933. it. I suppose most boys would know what to This is 2,870 less than the whole number for 1866, plant; but still a few hints from one who has and it shows an extraordiuary degree of good health. iried it may not be out of place. If you are
The population of Philadelpbia is not less than
700,000. The deatb-rate during the year has, therenear a ready market, I would suggest early fore, been just about one in every fifty inhabitants. vegetabies, such as peas, string beans, beets, It is not probable that such a moderate rate of morearly potatoes, etc.; and to those tbat were al tality in a year can be found in any large city in tbe