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sit around the fire until their chill has passed every week for that abomination. The progress off, and then resume their work.

of the school is very encouraging, and they are In reference to the pumber and progress of governed easily. My health is good, and though ber pupils, she states, “I have counted forty. ( almost eptirely cut off from all society, I am three or forty-five every day, and flatter myself contented and very bappy, and much pleased to that I can see an improvement daily. I have be here.” some scholars who have never missed a single CAROLINE Thomas, at Leesburg, Va., writes, day since I first caine to South Carolina. "My evenings are very much occupied since I

“I enjoy the opening exercises in the morn- have commenced teaching night-school, but it ing. The colored teacher we have assisting us is well to be so, as I am better satisfied to be is a very good singer, and we have taught the doing something. There is eo much to do here children a number of beautiful little hymos, that I sometimes feel worried, and as though I which they sing very swee:ly.”

I had just commenced. O! if the people here ISABEL LANAIR, a colored teacher at Mount, would arouse to a sense of this great work-take Pleasant, is still supplying the place of Esther hold of it, and help me along-it seems as Hawks, (who, at last report, was still delayed though we could do much more. from reaching her school by impassable roads " At times when I look ahead, I am almost in that portion of Florida from which she is to discouraged, and must needs take a glance at come ;) and is giving satisfaction to our other the past, and with this contrast I can then see teachers located there, who have a supervision and know it is well for me to be here. The im. over her school. Her report is confirmatory of provement in the children has been such that the estimation in which she is held. She has one can scarcely believe they are the same. I 70 pupils—all between 6 and 10 years of age, have so many little creatures who require so 41 write, 43 read, with 27 in the alphabet. much patience, and who have not the right kind

VARY MCBRIDE, at Fairfax Court House, of home training, as playful as kittens, but a. Va., gives a very satisfactory account of her great deal paughtier, that daily my prayer goes school, and states, that in addition to the 39 up for patience, patience.” pupils she reports as in the first, second and PHILENA HEALD, at Falls Church, Va., third readers, she has “four who can read any states : “ The anxiety to gain knowledge, mani. thing set before them; they have been througb fested by many of the pupils, is a constant inthe fourth reader long since.”

centive to renewed effort and increased earnestSbe also informs, that in consequence of in- i ness on my part. My interest has been esdisposition for one or two days, she had to place pecially awakened in a young woman who has the school under the entire care of Maggie commenced coming to school lately. She has Lewis, (her colored assistant,) and that, during no mother, keeps bouse for her father and her absence, her school was visited by two cler. ; brothers, but comes to school whenever she can gymen, who subsequently reported to her that possibly leave. She did not know her alphabet, they found the school in excellent order. Als, but in less than a week she has learned to read though apparently a trifliog circumstance, it is in four letters, and is trying hard to learn how gratifying to know that one who has received to write and cipher. She is a Gine, poble girl,

er instruction under our auspices, is not only and is very grateful for the privilege of schools, capable of imparting her knowledge to others, never before having had an opportunity to atbut also of maintaining discipline in a school. tend. My heart goes out to her in tender syu.

SARAH ANN STEER, at Waterford, Va., in pathy.” She adds : addition to her satisfactory report, remarks, I “ Joseph Horner and Charles Kirk hare “Since my last report, I bad a pleasant visit visited us most acceptably since last I wrote from D: F. W., of Philadelphia. She expressed to you. The former is visiting the colored peoherself pleased with the appearance of my ple in a religious capacity, and his concern ex. school, which was truly gratifying to me. tends in a special manner to South Carolina

SARAH M. Ely, located near Lewinsville, Va., and Georgia. They had a meeting in my regrets the small size of her school, but looks school room, and the advice given was truly exforward to an increase when the fall work is cellent and very practical. I am sure the peocompleted; and in reference to the attendance ple must have been benefited thereby. To me states that four pupils bave been present every this visit was a most welcome one, and it seemed day, and three absent only one day each- very home like to have those with me who used adding

the plain language. Their presence did my " I have a deep interest in the school and heart good, and the precious season of silence, the people. I have tried, and shall try again, / ere the words of encouragement were uttered, to get them to place something every week in was to me rich in blessings." my hands, if it is only half what they spend for FRANCES E. Gauze, at lerndon Station, tobacco, but so far they will not consent to that speaks of a prospective increase in the size of arran;ement, although they spend considerable / ber school after Christmas, and feelingly alluded

Were we

snow.

to a “great loss” they bave sustained by the very considerable interest, having a tendency death of one of her pupils, a girl of 13 years of as some of us think, to “stir up the pure mind age; adding, that her schoolmates feel it deeply by way of remembrance," and a feeling of re

“ The day before she died, she sang a beau-gret is oftimes experienced that more of our tiful hymo that she had been accustomed to friends are not present with us to share our ensing with her playmates at school. At her joyment. funeral, which took place on Thank-giving day, Philadelphia, 12th mo., 1867. J. M. E. my pupils stood around her coffin and sang the same hymn. They sang it so mournfully, and A WONDERFUL SPINNING MACHINE. seeme i to feel it so deeply, that there were but The stratagems employed by insects for the few dry eyes present." She also speaks of capture of their prey are very curious, and af- . some of the little ones not being able to come ford to naturalists an exceedingly epiertaining to school for want of shoes and stockings, and and interesting study. The ant lion digs a acknowledges the receipt of a barrel and box of tunnel-shaped pit in the loose sand, and fixing sundries for them; remarking, “ My Kennett itself in the depressed apex, catches and defriends are certainly very kind to remember us, vours the ant or spider which is so unfortunate and to send so many articles of warm clothing as to fall into its snare. But no species of infor the poor and needy. They are lending to sects excel the different kinds of spiders, in the Lord, and will be amply repaid.”

their ingenious devices for securing their prey. CATHARINE E. Hall, at Vienna, Va., re. The spider, though wingless, feeds op flies, and ports a considerable increase in her school, but its food must be captured on the wivg. But regrets the roof and weatherboarding of the how can it accomplish such a task ? house are insufficient to keep out the rain and not familiar with its web sand nets, the struc

Consequently on very stormy days no ture of such spares, by an animal so minute, school can be held.

would not fail to excite our admiration and MARY PERRY (late Brosius) is still at Ma- wonder. As it is, we look upon the spider web nassas, Va., awaiting the completion of her as evidence of a neglected room, and, instead of school-room, but has been advised to do what making its structure a study, and admiring the she can, in the way of teaching, in the dwellings wonderful wisdom it displays, we sweep it from of the Freedmen, until the building is finished. the wall with manifest delight.

From DEBORAH K. SMITH, at Gum Springs, If that which we regard with so little respect, and Sarau E. LLoyd, at Wooillawn, the Cor- because it is the work of a spider, were done responding Secretary of the Educational Com- with the same perfection by some of the larger mittee las received neither letter nor report for animals, we would never cease to wonder.' Eleventh month. When these omissions take “ How would the world crowd to see a fox place, it is always a matter of regret, as they which would spin ropes, weave them into an render it iinpossible to make a correct record accurately-meshed net, and extend the net beof what the Association is doing.

tween two trees for the purpose of entangling The three South CAROLINA schools number birds in their fight !” But there would be 151 scholars, 114 of whom read, 122 write, 95 nothing more marvelous in this, than there is are in arithmetic, and only 27 are in the alpha- in what the spider is doing every day; and just bet, while all of them are between 6. and 16 because of the minuteness of the little rope. years of age.

maker and weaver, the work ought to excite in The VIRGINIA schools, as far as heard from, us the great wonder. number 295 scholars, 208 of whom read, 217 We always judge of the ingenuity of any write, 163 are in arithmetic, with only 18 in the piece of machinery by the simplici y of its parts, alphabet, while of the whole number 239 are and its adaption to the services for which it between 6 and 16 years of age.

has been constructed. Now, judging by this The whole number under the care of the rule, we find the spider possessed of a " SpiuAssociation for the Eleventh month, as far as ning machine,” far surpassing, in the perfection heard from, was therefore four hundred and of its work, all the inventions of man. forty-si.c.

heard a gentleman express bis astonishment at It may be well to add to the above summary, the perfec ion of the machinery by which man that the Association continues to meet on the had succeeded in drawing out brass wire to the third Fourth-day evening in each month, in fineness of a human bar. How much greater the Monthly Meeting Room of Race Street was his astonishment when I told him, that Meeting House, at half-past seven o'clock, on there was a very minute spider which spun a which occasions, in addition to the transaction thread so fine that it required 4,000,000 of of the ordinary business of the Society, the en- them to equal in thickness une of ihe bairs of tire letters from our teachers (of which the ex- his beard, and that every one of these threads tracts published in the Intelligencer form but was composed of not less than 400 separate a small portion) are read. These letters possess strands !

I once

This remarkable machinery is exceedingly lines of gossamer threads attached to the books simple. If you examine the binder exirenity on a stand about twenty inches distant. As of the abdomen of the common house-spider, soon as it ascertained that its threads had you will find, on its under side, four or six pro- | found a connection with some object beyond tuberances of a cylindrical sbape, which are the basin, it fastened the end of the line dext called spinnerets, or spinders. Each spinderet it to the paper, ascended its pontoon, and made is furnished with tubes 80 exquistitely fine, its escape. that, in a space not much larger than the point. This artifice has been observed by many of a pen, are found a thousand other distinct naturalists, and accounts for the way in which tubes. From each of these tubes proceeds a these animals, though destitute of wings, transsingle strand, which unites with all the other port themselves from tree to tree, across brooks, strands to make that which is ordinarily known and frequently through the air itself, without as the spider's thread. So you perceive that any apparent starting point.— Family Treasure. this thread, often so fine as to be almost imper. ceptible to our senses, is not, as is commonly

ITEMS. supposed, a single line, but a rope, composed of at least 400 strands.

CONGRES8.-In tbe Senate, 4 memorial from the So

| ciety of Friends in six States in regard to the treat. Human art has never attained such wonder

human art has bever attained sue wonder/ ment of the Indians by the Government was preful perfection as this. It is truly astonishing, sented and referred to the Committee on Indian Afand were it not a matter of daily observation, | fairs. the most credulous would hesitate to believe General Miles, Freedmen's Bureau Commissioner the statement.

for North Carolina, bas written a strong letter to · But you ask, is it necessary for the spider to

General Howard, urging that the bureau must not

be discontinued till reconstruction is fully accomspin such a compound thread? This question

plished. He says that, in bis judgment, at no peis very naturally suggested, and admits of two riod since the close of the war bas the bureau been probable answers. First : the dividing of the of greater advantage than cow. He is sure that its thread into so many strands, just at its exit immediate withdrawal from North Carolina would from the spinderets, favors the rapid drying of

result in great public and private pecuniary losses ;

tbe freedmen would soffer physically, morally, and the gum used in its manufacture—an important

spiritually ; school houses would decay; teachers consideration to the spider, as it is under the would be driven out of the State ; jails and penitenpecessity of putting its thread into immediate tiaries would be filled ; idleness and prodigality and use. Secondly: the combination of so many want would take the place of industry and prosper.. threads into one, vastly strengthens the web, lity. The ! threads into no rostlo strong bong the weh ity. The labor of the freedman would become unand enables it to sustain the shock of the flying liaboriog man, with no roof to cover his starring

| profituble to him, and the poor dependent colored insect it is intended to capture, or to bear the family, or foot of ground to call his own, would be heavy body of the spider wbile it struggles reduced to a state of serfdom. He concludes by with its captive, or in its passage through the saying tbat he feels it bis duty, as a commissioner air.

for North Carolina, on bebalf of that portion of its

population whose interest and welfare are most The only other instruments used in spinning

used in spoming directly involved, earnestly to appeal to you to use are its feet, with the claws of which it guides, l your influence to continue the bureau until the or separates into two or more, ihe line from be great political changes and experimeuis now going hind. Two of the claws of the spider's foot on in this State bave been completed and their sucare toothed like a comb. It is with these two

cessful working is assured.-New York Express. claws that it keeps the threads apart. When A daring attempt was made on tbe 13th inst. to the spider ascends the line by wbich it has effect the release of Col. Burke, a Fenian, confined dropped itself from an eminence, it winds up

| in Clerkenwell prison, London. Powder was ex

ploded beneath the walls, and a whole side wall, the superfluous cord into a ball. For this pur

and three adjoining buildings, were destroyed. pose it uses the third claw, which I have called Forty persons were injured, and it is reported three the thumb of the spider's hand.

lives were lost, but the object was not gained, and A few days ago, I brought a garden spider

Burke was removed to a place of greater safety. into my study, and placed it upon a small slip In ENGLAND a loan of $5,000,000 has been proposed of paper surrounded by water in a basin. At to open a new route for transit across Central Amerifirst, it traversed its paper island, and, by

ca. The proposed route is tbrough Honduras, and

measures 230 miles. It is much longer than the reaching out its arms on all sides, found that

Panama transit, but it is so mucb farther north tbat there was no escape across the water. Then, it lessens the distance from New York or London 10 after trying to ascend the sides of the vessel | San Francisco over 1100 miles. It is said that the without success, it raised itself upon its legs, new route cap be constructed for $40,000 a mile. and elevated its spionerets to a horizontal po- FULLY ONE-THIRD of the wbole amount of sugar sition. I observed it intent upon something consumed in the world is manufactured from beets ; It was throwing out its lines, upon which it

and immense quantities of raw beet sugar are im

ported into England for their refiseries, competing designed to make its escape across the water. I very successfully with the care sugar from the West In a short time, I discovered about half a dozen Indies and elsewhere.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.
The Penns and Peningtons.....

689 “ Be not Weary in Well Doing".

690 Meditations...

691 GOMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

Thomas a Kempis...

692 MADE TO Friends' Meeting at Orange, Essex Co., N.J...

693 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Notes of Foreign Travel, from Private Correspondence. 694 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, EDITORIAL

696 OBIT ITARY....

697 TERMS:-P AY ABLE IN ADVANCE A Voice from Southampton

697 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per Business Thoughts..

699 AD

$2.50 for Clubs; or, four co iuy for $10.
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

POETRY.....

..... 700 The Postage on this paper, paid in aivance at the office where Stereoscopic Pictures...

701 It is recived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. How the Glaciers Purify Themselves...

702 AGENTS - Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

The Bird of Two Songs....

702
Ilenry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
The Value of Petroleum to Mankind..

703
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS..

704 James Baynes, Ballimore, Md.

THE PENNS AND PENINGTONS.

carefully examining the texts of Scripture that (Continued from page 675.)

bore on the point, this conviction continued to When dwelling on Sir William Springett's deepen in his mind till he felt constrained to character and religious convictions, his wife discontinue partaking of it. Respecting his mentions some points on which a change had having turned from the use of forms of prayer, gone forward in bis mind, from the time when his wife says, “This turning in him proceeded with so much solemnity he had carried bis in. from a glimpse of the dawning of the day when fant son to the baptismal font. Ilaving in vain prayer is to be offered up in the spirit and with looked for any declaration in the New Testa | the understanding; also that there was a spirit ment that recommends infant baptism, he at of prayer and supplication, in which any one length came to the conclusion that it was an who felt it might mentally engage without unauthorized rite. Again arose the thought, form, yet with true acceptance to God, seems if infant baptism be incorrectly looked on as to have been made clear to him. “ lle also producing regeneration—the being born again saw,” she says, " in the little measure of light --without which, our Lord declared to Nicode- accorded him, that priests were not to preach mus," a man cannot enter into the Kingdom for hire, but were to be sent of the Lord to of God," then it was not merely an univfluen- reach the consciences of the hearers. This tial and unauthorized rite, but, by giving a made him decline false dead ways, and cleave false meaning to Christian regeneration, it had in beart to the people called Puritans (for in become a positive evil. Its tendency and in that day those that heard the Lord were nick. fluence, leading away from the true meaning of named Puritans). Amongst them it was his Scriptural regeneration, had done great harm delight to be exercised in the worship of God, in the church.

and to ningle in their chaste conversation." With respect to the sacramental rite of the Sir William Springett was one of those inLord's Supper, not having experienced it to domitable soldiers of the Covenant, who, in bring his mind, as he had hoped it would have their zeal for the Lord, brought their energies done, into any closer spiritual communion with into action against the use of priestly vestments the Lord, he was startled. Striving to discover as well as agaiost Papal idolatry. The Puri. the cause of this, he came at length to the con- tapical glasses they looked through in that day clusion that there existed a wrong construction represented almost every work of art as data of our Lord's words, which had led to its es-gerous that had been imported from any countablishment in the Church as a congregational try under the Papacy; hence much was sacrireligious rite. As he dwelt on this subject, I ficed which in another age would have been

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spared. Sir William's wife tells us her hus-do, never in any case converting confiscated band cominanded his soldiers to break down i property or sequestered estates to his own use. and destroy every vestige of those objects that She adds, “ He even refused to buy any goods he regarded as Popish idols, whether crosses, that were plundered from the enemy; nor ever statues, pictures, or gold ornaments. It mat- made any use of one pound's worth, I dare tered not with what exquisite art the marble aver, that belonged to them who were configures bad been chiseled, or with what elab- quered. He had very great offers from perorate and successful skill the painting repre- sons in power, of houses and goods both in sented life, if it depicted or attempted to em- London and elsewhere, of those called delio. body fanciful representations of the Lord Jequents; all which he refused, and rather chose, eus, of bis apostles, or of Romish saints, from whilst his family was with bim in the city, to the fury of the Puritan soldier nothing could pay twenty shillings a week for lodgings than shield it. " Be they ever so rich,” says Lady touch any of them. One considerable place Springett, "he destroyed them, and reserved offered him was Leeds Castle in Kent. It was not one for its comeliness or costly workman. seized by the Parliament party, and made a sbic. Looking back from our stand-poiut! garrison, and he was intended to be the comupon that wholesale ciestruction of works of mander of it, and greatly pressed to make use artistic genius, some of us may be more inclined of the goods and furniture, and have his famito cry out against the iconoclastic furor of our ly live in the Castle, but he refused it. AnPuritan forefathers, than to commend their other house offered him was Hollipgborn, which destructive proceedings. Whatever we may was very well furnished, and within a few miles think, wives like Lady Springett in that day of Leeds Castle; but he refused it also, giving regarded them as evidences of Christian faith- them an answer to this effect, that he durst not fulness, and no doubt they did imply faithful- make use of any man's estate or goods, nor ness to the conscientious views they had dwell in any man's sequestered home, much less adopted. In Sir William's crusade against this, which was his uncle Sir Thomas Culpepidolatry there was not only true conscientious per's. His mind throughout life was ever for earnestness, but a commendable impartiality- the exercise of compassion and charitableness, not saving what was his friend's property and of which there have been many instances given destroying his enemy's; as is manifested by the me by persons who have observed him in the following statement from his wife :-"I find places where he was quartered, beside what I freedom," she says, “ to mention one passage have seen myself, and I bad converse with him in this pursuit of destroying Popish relics and from the tinie he was 12 years old to bis dying pictures. There was a parliament-man who day. One instance I shall mention that I had was also a deputy-lieutenant of the county, a from the Mayor of Maidstone, in Kent. He great stirrer in the Parliament cause, and his brought me a bill for three pounds after his wife a zealous Puritan. This man was assist. death, with my husband's hand to it, telling me jpg him (Sir William) and was his companion that as he was walking in the street with bim, a in the searching of Popish houses, and in de poor man was had to prison, who made miserable stroying their pictures and trumpery. Going moan; whereat Sir William stopped the bailiff, one day to their house to visit them, as he and asked what they were taking him to prison passed through the hall, he spied several su- for? He answered for debt. He replied, 'You perstitious pictures, as of the crucifixion of shall not carry him there. Mr. Mayor, lay you Christ, his resurrection, and such like; very down the money, and I will see it discharged.' large pictures they were, and a great ornament

(To be continued.) to the hall. They had been moved out of the parlor to manifest neglect. He, looking upon

Our friend H. M. will observe that we have it as a very unequal thing to destroy such availed ourselves of the liberty granted by her, things in Popish houses, and have them in and in the abridgment we trust we have rethose of their opposers, drew out his sword, I tained the substance of her concern and not and cut them all out of their frames, and, I robbed it of its life. We acknowledge with spearing them on the sword's poiot, he went into the parlor with them. The mistress of the pleasure the manifestations of an increase of house being there, he said to her, “What a interest among our members in the welfare of shame thy husband should be so zealous a our religious Society. prosecutor of Papists, and spare such things in his own house! But,' saith he, “thou seest I "BE NOT WEARY IN WELL DOING.” have acted impartially, and have destroyed The deep interest I feel in First-day schools them here also.'"

makes me wish to encourage those engaged in His wife says, and no doubt she had good the work to look after localities in wbich there reason to say it, that he was just and merciful are no such schools, for I believe it is a good in doing the work which as a soldier he had to l work-one for which the wants of the Society

For Friends' Intelligencer.

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