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while the grain is in the milk; and farmersing interfered with, except to supply the evaposometimes have supposed these birds are the ration of the water, and the acorn will burst, cause of the trouble, not knowing that they are and as it throws a root down into the water, a their best friends.

sprout or stem will be sent upward, throwing The Warblers include nearly forty species of out beautiful leaves, thus giving you an oak small birds, and exclusively insectivorous, most tree, in full life and health, within your parlor ! of which are very beautiful, and many of them There are many of the mosses which can be sweet singers. In the spring they feed on plant very successfully grown in the house through the lice, as found in orchards ; in the fall, as they winter, and with the foregoing afford an ioterestmigrate to the South, they stop and feed on the ing and refined enjoyment for the inmates of a late brood of Palmer worms that so ipfest our family, and give real pleasure to all who have elm and maple trees, thus becoming exceeding- a taste for the beautiful. We trust to see a ly fat.

greater inclination on the part of the ladies to The Whippoor will is a nocturnal bird, and its introduce into their bousehold arrangements beak is so formed that it takes in moths as a this most agreeable addition to their domestic Det takes in fish. The eyes of flies enable them pleasures and home enjoyments. to see all around them, and the muscular force Thorough Cultivation. Professor Voelker, of of their wings is so quick that they can dudge the Royal Agricultural Society of England, a the raia drops in a shower; yet the swallow and distinguished agricultural scientist, remarks, in the house martin feed almost exclusively on summiog up on this subject, as follows: winged insects, which are taken on the wing by Thorough cultivation involvesthese ærial feeders.

1. The mechanical pulverization of the soil, The foregoing are good and substantial rea- giving a better seed bed, and making the parti. sons why birds should be preserved. Others cle3 more accessible to the action of the roots. will be given hereafter. Let these suffice for 2. Better drainage, and at the same time betthe present; and there can hardly be a doubt ter ability to withstand drouth, the soil being that, when all the reasons for preserving birds moist and mellow where it would otherwise be are weighed against the few for destroying them, baked and hard. they will be permitted to live, and sing to de- 3. The coöperation of the atmosphere in forlight the lovers of Nature, as well as to destroy ther decomposing the comminuted particles of vermin.

soil, and setting free the mineral elements of Winter Floral Culture Indoors. Many beau-the growing plant. tiful plant and floral experiments can be carried 4. The absorption from the atmosphere of a on indoors during the winter. How many of greater portion of its am monia and carbonic acid the readers of the Transcript are doing so ? Yet, for the direct nourishment of vegeta how many more are doing nothing of the kind, 5. The increased effect of manures, from their that might pleasantly do so. The vine of the more complete intermixture and consequently sweet potato may be trained over the mantel. more perfect action. piece, by placing a potato in a tumbler or other 6. The cleansing of the land from weede, glass vessel, filled with water, passing a pin which not only abstract the nourishment due through the tuber so as to keep the lower end to the growing crop, but also generate succesfrom an inch to two inches from the bottom of sors, continually multiplying themselves from the vessel. Keep it on the mantel-shelf in a year to year. warm room, and every day give it sun for an 7. The better condition of the field for mahour or two, and in a few days rootings will be chine work; it dulls the knives of a reaper or gia to appear, aiming for the bottom of the ves- mower, and leads to frequent breakages, to cut sel, and in two or three weeks the eye will begin through the clods on a roughly-seeded field. to shoot and rapidly grow and run upon suspended taime or any little trellis-work prepared for it.

The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid The dioscorea babatas is the prettiest for this and Elevation of the Freedmen has received since

last report : purpose, when it can be obtained. The “Morn

From City contributions.........

$10.00 ing Glory" can be propagated in parlor win

Rachel Haines, Fallstou, Md.. dows, where there is some sun, to perfection Women Friends of Sadsbury, Pa... 22.00 during winter; it flowers with its natural colors,

East Jordan, Ill........


Sarab C. Parke, Camden, N. J...... 10.00 and the delicate little vine can be made to run

Eliza Swayne, Xenia, Ohio......... over the window. A hanging vase is the pret- Friends of Byberry, additional.... 2.50 tiest for this. Suspend an acora by a cotton tbread so as

876.50 Dearly to touch the water in a glass vessel (a

Also clothing from Hannah Gilpin, Wrightstown byacinth glass is perhaps the best ;) set upon from North Baptist Church, 200 from Cbas. Bergman.

Circle, J. J. Mendenhall, Wilmington Del. 600 papere the window or mantel, and let it remain there

HENRY M. LAING, Treasurer. for eight or ten weeks, more or less, without be- Phila. 3d mo. 25, 1867. No. 30 N. Third St



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1 00

Donations received in aid of The Orphan's building their houses on stilts about a foot higher

Homeof New Orleans, La., Louisa De than bigh water mark, and are in no {pecial daager MORTIE, Sup't.

of being wasbed away. No intercourse, however, From “ Friends' Association for the Aid and

can be beld between neighboring houses except in Elevation of the Freedmen"... .... $250 00

boats. Taylorsport, Rome, Alton and the lower porF. S. Wilson ................

tion of Cannelton were inpundated and the resi10 00

dents were compelled to move to the second story. James Mott

25 00

Hundreds of houses along ibe shore are partially A Friend...

4 00

submerged, the inhabitants having been compelled 1 00

to vacale. In many cases, houses are standing ons 5 00

small elevation entirely surrounded by water, the

900 per E. Parrish ...............

residents having no means of iniercourse with tbo G. W. Robbins......

10 00

rest of mankind except in boats. There are no

river banks from Lonisville to Cairo. On Green H. M. Laing.

50 00 Deborah F. Wharton.......................

river, also, an unprecedented food prevails, inunda. 20 00

ting nearly all the towns and villages. The towas Charles Wbarton..

10 00 Sarab Phipps..

10 00

of Calhoun and Rumsey are submerged. The Knox. E. J. Magionis...

10 00

ville Commercial says that East Tennessee is literally

covered with mud. The Holston river is over its Rachel W. Moore......

80 00 Jacob M. Ellis.........

banks and immense beds of flood-wood are floating by.

20 00 Abraham Barker......

100 00

Dr. David Liviogstone, the well-known African tra. “Friend," per W. H. Furness... .........

veller, was born at Blantyre, near Glasgow, Scotland,

10 00 " Eilis Yarnall....

in 1815. At ten years of age, being ihe son of a

50 00 Stephen Colwell....

25 00

man engaged in a cotton mill, he began lhe labore " Cope Bros......

50 00

of life, as a "piecer" in the same mill. Even at this

early age he contrived to devote the little leisure $750 00

allowed to a boy in such a life to meotal culture, Remitted to Wm. R. Armstrong, Treasurer, New tendance at evening schools, be managed to obtain

and through the medium of self-instruction and atOrleans, La. Philada., 3 mo. 21. H. M. LAING, Treasurer.

a competent knowledge of English, Lalio and Greek,

botany and geology, and other branches of natural ITEMS.

science. In bis nineteenth year, still being in the CONGRES8.—Little of general interest transpired in coiton mill, be commenced the acquirement of a Congress during the past week. The amendments knowledge of medicine and divinity, with a view of to the reconstruction bill passed both Houses, and going to China as a medical missionary. A war bewent to the President for his signature. The House 'ween England and China frustrating' bis purpose, passed the bill for the relief of destitution in the he went to Africa in the summer of 1840, and for South. It provides that the Commissioner of the sixteen years was engaged in travel and io bis misFreedmen's Bureau may use the fund under his sionary labors at various stations in South Africa. charge for the purposes indicated. In the Senate a In 1855, ihe Royal Geographical Society of Eng resolution was presented declaring that the longer and conferred apon him its Victoria medal, confinement of Jetf. Davis without a trial, or without and in the year be made bis great having a time defiately fixed for his trial, is not in journey across Southern Africa from ocean to accordance with the demands of justice, and that the

ocean. Visiting England in the following year, natioval honor and public policy require that he he was receired with tbe highest distinctions. In should be brougbt to trial, or released from confine- 1857 be publisbed his “Missionary Travels and ment on proper recognizances. The resolution was Researches in South Africa." He reiurned to Africa ordered to be printed. A resolution was reported in 1858, to resume his geograpbical explorations, an exempting from duties objects of art imported for account of which formed the subject of anoiher presentation to the United States, or to a State or work, which received the same marked popularity city; and also on agricultural implements and and approval as the first. At tbis time be made bis machinery imported for experiment, or as models. last visit home, and again returoing to the scene of

A veto message was received from the President bis life-long labors, he bas at last been sacrificed by on the supplementary reconstruction bill, and not the Caffres, tribe of the people whose condition be withstanding the objections, on being reconsidered, was trying to ameliorate. His name will long be was passed by both Houses over tbe veto.

cherished as among the most celebrated of the In the Senate the Committee on Indian Affairs world's famous travellers.-Ex. Paper. was instruoted to report upon the expediency of re. THE FREEDMEN.-0, the 20th iost. Gov. Gearg moving the lodians in the States to the Indian ter. signed the bill to allow colored persons to ride is ritory.

all public conveyances. A resolution was adopted in the House recom- At a meeting in Savannab, Ga., on the 18th lost, mending that each of the Southern States in the about tbree thousand negroes assembled, and were progress of reconstruction insert a provision in the addressed by tbree white and five colored speakers. Voostitution requiring the Legislature to maintain the speeches were confined to universal suffrage and establish a system of free public schools, open and the right to sit on a jury. The meeting passed to all the children of the State.

off very quietly, Tue Western papers report a destructive food A late citizen of Pittsburg, Charles Aroy, left along the course of the Ohio River. The Evapsville $150,000 in trust to be appropriated, according to Journal says: From Evansville almost to Newburg the best judgment of the executors, to the "educathe wild waste of waters has no visible boundaries. tion and elevation of the colored people in the The waters are pouring across the neck of land be. Uuited States and Canadas." $25,000 of this amount twoen Evansville and Henderson, with great vio- has been paid to Oberlin College, which is to far. lonce. Enterprise is totally snbmerged, but the peo- nish free tuition to fifty of its most needy colored ple wisely provided for such a contingency byl students who may apply for it.







No. 5.




Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson...... BOHXONICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Selections from the Writings of John Barclay..


Letters from Sarah G. Rich........

A Voice from the Mountains.......
At Publication Office, No. 144 North Soventh Street, EDITORIAL .......................

72 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M. OBITUARY.......

73 Residence, 809 North Seventeenth Streel. Commencement of the Female Medical College..


Priends Among the Freedmen..... The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per


TO manum. 82.50 for Clube; or, four copies for $10.

POETRY... Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

Rural Life of Greece....

76 The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Putting off the Old Man....

78 AOENTS - Joseph S. Cohn, New York.

Labor Saving Among the Indians.

78 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

The Revelations of Science more Wonderful than Fiction..... 79
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, kad.
Inculcate Just Views of God

William II. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.



brief career,

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OF While we object most decidedly to the sysF. W. ROBERTSON.*

tem which educates men expressly for the

ministry in schools of theology, and gives them Books of sermons are usually accounted, by a stipendiary support in reward for their serthe reading public, peculiarly dull; yet the vices, we must admit that many of these, discourses of Robertson have, within a few through the illumination of divine grace, have years, passed through five English aod ten been instruments of good to mankind. Let as American editions, being a circulation almost therefore accept what is good wherever we find unparalleled in this class of literature. They it, and while we reject what we cannot approve, do not come under the head of sermons written we should evince towards all a Christian charity. before delivery, but are mostly recollections of Before we enter upon the life and labors of discourses delivered extempore, or from very brief Robertson, it may not be inappropriate to adbotes, and afterwards written out in substance, vert briefly to the condition of the established by the preach er, at the request of his friends. Church of England, and the progress of reThe autbor of them had a very

ligious opinion in that country. There is now he died at thirty-seven,—and great as was the a wide diversity of doctrine and practice in the impression produced by his discourses in the com- Angliean Church. The parties existing in it are modity where he lived and labored, still greater designated as the High Church, the Low has been the effect of their publication on Church, and the Broad Church. many thousands of thoughtful minds.

The first of these are sometimes called It may be queried by some members of our Puseyites, and are distinguished for their devoReligious Society, Can any good come out of tion to forms and ceremonies ; hence their worNazareth? Can we be profited by reading ship is said to be a return to the ritualism of passages from the writings of one who occupied the Romanists. In many of their places the pulpit in a National Church? Those of us of worship they burn candles on their altars, who have read the writings of a Kempis and they bow whenever the name of Jesus is proFenelon, and the sermons of Dell and Blair, pounced, their prayers and psalms are chanted which have been favorite works in Friends' fami- by boys dressed in white, and the officiating lies, must acknowledge that from the Catholic priests are arrayed in gorgeous vestments. prelate and the Protestant divine we have de- ! They preach the doctrine of baptismal regenerarived instruction and enjoyment.

tion, wbich means that the soul of a child is re

generated by sprinkling a little water in its face * Published by Ticknor & Fields, Boston. and pronouncing a form of words; they main

wy blood.'

tain that the “Holy communion is a sacrifice" cannot be repressed, and the earnestness with made on the altar, and that the bread and wine which they are discussed may be regarded as a they offer become the body and blood of Christ, presage that some of the dog mas of popular being presented as a sin offering to obtain par. theology are about to be discarded, and that don for their offences. The priest says to his ceremouial observances will be superseded by congregation, “ You must believe that the bread practical piety. and wine become the real body and blood, with The position of F. W. Robertson was that of the soul and Godhead of Jesus Christ, when I an independent thinker, willing to receive light pronounce the words, * This is my body, this is from any source, and valiant enough to declare

his convictions in the face of opposition. He The manifest tendency of the High Church had po sympathy with ritualism, neither did he party is towards Romanism, and some of its uni!e io sentiment with the Evangelicals. prominent adherents have joined the Catholic His position is thus defined in a letter to one Church; but ritualism is só répuguant to the of bis friends : “My motto for life, my whole spirit of the age, that we hope it will gradually heart's expression is, None but Christ;' not in decline, and ere long be regarded as an excres- the (so-called) evangelical sense, a bich I take cence that has no proper connexion with Chris- to be the sickliest cant that has appeared since tian faith or worship.

the Pharisees bare record to the gracious words The Low Church, or Evangelical party, wor- which he spake and then tried to cast bim headship in a manner less inconsistent with scripture long from the hill of Nazareth ; but in a and reason, and some of them denounce ritual- deeper and real sense,-the miod of Christ; to ism as idolatry. They retain, however, the feel as He felt, to judge the world and estimate litany or form of prayer; they sing instead of the world's maxims as the judged and estichanting, and administer the sacrament as a mated. That is the one thing worth living memorial of Christ's sufferings for the sins of for. To realize that, is to feel .none but the world; they adhere to the doctrines of ori.. Christ.' But then in proportion as a man does ginal sin, the Tricity and vicarious atonement, that, he is stripping himself of garment after on which niany of them insist as articles of garment, till bis soul becomes naked of that belief essential to salvation.

which once seemed part of himself; he is not The great mass of Orthodox Dissenters in only giving up prejudice after prejudice, but England coincide with the Low Church in es also renouncing sympathy after sympathy with sentials, and are embraced in the Evangelical friends whose smile and approbation was once party which represents the prevailing religious his life, till he begins to suspect that he will sentiment in Great Britain. They proclaim as be very soon alone with Christ. More awful the basis of their faith, “ The Bible, and the than I can express. To believe that, and still Bible only is the religion of Protestants.” press on. is what I mean by the sentence, ' None “ Human reason they affirm to be depraved, but Christ.' and consciousness wbolly unworthy ot' reliance."

(To be continued.) The term Broad Church is applied to a class of churchinen whose prevailing sentiments may earth to heaven ; take one of the arches away,

Truth is a bridge over which we travel from be found in a volume entitled, “Essays and and the bridge falls; or, like steps, take any Reviews," republished in Boston under the title of " Recent Inquiries in Theology." The away, and the passage is dangerous and dif


ficult. authors of this work occupy high positions in the church and in collegiate institutions, and

SELECTIONS FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN being men of great ability and learning, it occasioned a profound sensation in England that

(Continued from page 51.) has been felt to some extent in this coun

To try. The chief subjects discussed in the Es

Croydon, 5tb of First month, 1835. says and Reviews are Biblical researches, the Thy communication of the bih ult. was very relation of modern science to revealed religion, welcome and refreshing to us. O! how reand the interpretation of Scripture. These and markable are the ways of omnipoteut Wisdom, kindred subjects are treated with a boldness infinite love! As Pennington somewhere says, and breadth of thought seldom equalled in theo--if its outgoings are stopped in one direction, logicial subjects. By some they are condemned it will break out with proportionate beauty and as daring innovations on popular theology, by force in another. 0! what can the enemy do others lauded as the evidences of religious to hinder the glorious arising and irresistible progress.

spread of the gospel of Truth and salvation 1 It is remarkable that a national church should He may vaunt and do great things for a wbile, tolerate among its teachers such a diversity of such as may, if it were possible, delude and religious belief and expression. We live in carry away the very elect; and all the world an age when the investigation of such subjects I may wonder at the beast:- but the Lamb and


his followers must and shall have the victory; which stands in power, in truth, in love, in and the kingdom and dominion are given to the peace, and in the abasement of the creature. saints, even the tribulated witnesses and par-lo! may this blessed work with you and every. takers of that power and faith of Jesus Christ, where else go forward, notwithstanding all opagainst which the gates of bell itself shall never position or misgivings; and may all that would be able to prevail. Though it would be very let, with every weight, be laid aside, and repleasant to be personally near to thee, and to moved out of the way, saith my soul ! the oumerous company whom thou and I have Whatever may be the good pleasure of Him seen coming forth to the barren wilderness of who raised us up by the breath of his word, professions into the green pastures of life, and with regard to our uodisturbed enjoyment of into the quiet babitation where none can make those sweet privileges of fellowship together, as afraid,-yet it seems as if my right allotment a visibly distinct body of which we have so for the present might be far otherwise; and loog and so unworthily partaken,-it is more with that aod every condition I am desirous to and more clear to me that the faithful and be well content in the hope and assurance that those that humble themselves in the dust before while in this state of resignation nothing cao Him will never be utterly forsaken or forgotten : be better for me, and all things shall turn to that these will never be altogether disapmy good, and tend to His honor, who is all pointed of their confidence, though they have worthy forever.

the bread of affliction and water of adversity It seems, indeed, as if the Lord was muster- administered for a long season and in large ing his host for the battle,-his little remnant, measure:-the Lord will still have a people pewhom he ever delights to hide in the hollow of culiarly formed for Himself, who shall purely his hand, while they are singly given up to show forth his praise, and be enabled to lift up serve Him in true heartedness: sometimes also His standard to the nations. Those who love he signally commands deliverances for them, our Lord Jesus Christ in very truth, not though the enemy may seem to be coming in feignedly, -and who in proof thereof are given as a food, and ready to devour all before him. up to follow him in the regeneration and daily Bat what, as thou writest, shall we say to these cross, I trust will not be permitted to be moved things? Is tbere not occasion for us, through by aflictions, por carried away by delusions all that we meet with here, in everything to re- nor exalted by abundance of revelations, nor joice and to give thanks. “The Lord liveth, turned aside by the business or the pleasures, and blessed be our Rock;" " because He liveth," the cares or the riches of this life, or by love of whose mercies are so renewed to us, do we other things : but these are concerned to lie "live also” from day to day, and have at times low before the Lord, and to be crucified with a precious degree of hope given to us that we Christ; that so they may say in truth, “ I live, shall outlive all that can happen to us here, and yet not I, but Christ liveth," and moveth, and be safely landed in the end where joy and reigaeth "in me. peace abound for evermore. 0! then, may we

J. B. each in our allotment of labor, suffering, or re

То joicing, fill up our measure; and work with a 12th of First month, 1835.-I understood good heart while it is day,—while we see the to say that she believed, from the extenway open before us,-in full assurance of faith sive opportunities she had had of judying and love; turniog neither to the right hand among all kinds of churches and professions, por to the left, and endeavoring (for we cannot that the eneiny was busily at work to scatter always succeed herein,) to keep the unity of and divide; and that, therefore, we had great the Spirit in the bond of sound and true peace. need of care, that we do not his work by giving I rejoice in every opening and appearance of way to unfounded or unnecessary surmisings, good among any people; but I cannot rejoice or misgiving', or apprehensions as to the existin finding a falling short of that, in which Di-ence of defection in doctrine among us. So far vine grace would establish all who know its from uniting with this sentiment in an unqualiteachings. Some of us seem to be made more tied manner, it seems to me that though the ose of in the way of inviting, attracting, graft-enemy is busily at work, as has been said, this ing and gathering, -others in proving, confirm is not all; but that the Lord also is at work, ing, settling and furthering those, who are breaking up the fulse rests and old formal settlebrought into the fold or planted in the enclo ments of people; and saying to many, "Why sure. I long that none of the laborers among seek ye the living anong the dead ?” and his you more particularly may interfere in their design in all these shakings, and siftings, and own will and wisdom with the services of oth- overturnings is that that which cannot be ers, that our comfort in the Lord and one in shaken may be manifested and may remaia ; another may not be marred. May we all be that men may see that it will not do any longer builded together, and seek also to build up one to go after the Lo! here's, or Lo! there's, in another in the main thing-our holy faith, Ithis or that system of observations; but that

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