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centre. And pow the screw is made.-Ameri FEMALE EDUCATION IN AFRICA.-A liberal geotlecan Agriculturist.

man in England, wbo conceals bis dame, has given

$12,500 for the erection of an edifice for a female Practical Piety. - Religion that does not goj Church Missionary Record says, very truly, that the

boarding-school at Sierra Leone. The English with us in our daily vocations, controlling and education of the females must keep pace with that guiding us, is of little value. We should not of the males, else disastrous consequences will folmake it obtrusive or ill-timed in any of its mani. low. Africa must be regenerated by Africans tbemfestations, but our hearts should be so thorough. selves. Whatever aid is given to these institutions ly imbued with the Spirit of Christ, as to cause is so much for the advance of civilization and the every action, in its own quiet way, to show forth entire removal of slavery in Africa.

PROGRESS IN CHINA.--The Chinese government apthe foundation principles of our life, and speak pears to be awakening to the importance of European a stronger language for the Master, than our civilization as well as the Japanese. An important direct words. It is in our worldly business, in document has been publisbed in Pekin-a memorial, our every day life, that our religion is needed, addressed by the Minister of State to the Emperor if anywhere, both in its effect on ourselves, and and widow Empress, proposing to create in Pekin a on those with whom we are brought in contact. in which to the young literary Chinamen sball bo

college, in combination with a school of languges, FRIENDS' PUBLICATION ASSOCIATION.

taught all the modern sciences known among daThe undersigned acknowledges the receipt of the tions with which the Celestial empire has any comfollowing sums from

merce, and these nations are invited to furnish proA Member of Chesterfield Mo. Meeting, N.J....$100.00 the imperial sanction and rules for this college, as

fessors for this new establishment. Then follows A Woman Friend, Trenton, N.J...

2.00 Pbilada. Mo. Meeting....... 20.00 sellors of the university to the Emperor of China, rec

well as an important letter, addressed by ibe counA Friend at Bridgton, N. J.........

1.00 Jos. M. TRUMAN, JR., Treasurer,

ommending the creation of an European college in 717 Willow St., Philadelpbia.

Pekin. This document is a striking proof of the

intelligence of the Orientals, and shows growing The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid influence of foreiguers ia Chiva. and Elevation of the Freedmen received, since 11th SOUTH AMERICAN TELEGRAPOS—The cable remonth 1st,

cently laid from Florida to Cuba bids fair to be From Ciry contributions........

$354.00 merely the beginning of a system of wires destined Friends of Sadsbury,

25.00 to bring us into telegraphic connection with the Darby.......

125.00 whole of South America. A company, entitled tbe Birmingham ....

34.50 “Spanish-American lotercommunication Telegraph Deerfield, Obio......... 12.00 Company,'' has been chartered with a capital of two

and others of Goshen ............ 87.35 and a half millions of dollars, to run a line aloog Susan Pusey .........

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5.00 the western coast, south from Padama. Valuable S. S., Fairbury, Ill

10.00 concessions bave already been made by Pern, and N. Potter, Batile Creek, Mich....... 2.00 similar favors are expected from Chili, Bolivia, Elisha Wells, Concord, Ohio....

1.50 Ecuador and Columbia. How tbe connection be. a Friend, Radnor, per J. M. T.

10.00 tween Cuba and the Isthmus is to be made bas not E , Lower Makefield.

1.00 yet been determined; whether direct, or by way of Stephen Mosher, West Liberty, Iowa.... 13.00 Yucatan on tbe one side or the chain of the West

India Islands on the other. The laying down of

$680.35 some line is of course a mere question of time, at Also donations of two boxes Clothing, from Ken- the present rate of progress of such enterprises. nett Aid Association; Seeds, unknown; 5000 Tracts,

General Howard bas said, we understand, that, Hymns, &c., from Friends' Freedmen's Association; if the Freedmen's Commission and other associations Books. J. II. Longstreth, Clothing,

of tbe North will continue to raise money and send HENRY M. LAING, Treasurer,

teachers this year as they did last year, be will be PHILADA., 12th mo, 2d,

30 N. Tbird St.

able, when the term of bis bureau shall expire, 10 ITEMS.

plant so many schools in the South, and those so Congress. The President's message was received thoroughly, tbat “a pretly fair school system will and reud in both Houses of Congress. In the Sen

be insured in every Southern State." aie, a motion was adopted to strike out the title Nor less numerons than the evidences of an ardent “lionorable" wherever it was prefixed to a Sena- and universal desire for education, are the proofs of tor's name. In the House, the resolution on the im. the capabilities of the race for atiaining it. Of the peacbwent of Andrew Jobpson was taken up, and, colored children in the schools now established at after much debale, was lost, the vote standing, yeas the South, it is interesting :o know, as fixing the de. 57, nays 108. The bill declaring that from and after grees of proficiency attained, that about one-seventh its passage the authority of tbe Secretary of the were learning the alphabet, three-serenths could spell Treasury to make any reduction in the currency by and read easy lessons, two-seventbs were advanced retiring or cancelling Vuited States notes is Busa readers, one-sixth were studying geography, one. pended, was reported back from the Committee of balf were studying arithmetic, one-third could write, Ways and Means, and, after discussion, passed. and one-fiftieth were engaged in studying the higher

The Atlantic Cable Company on the 41h inst. branches. Ooly one-seventh were over sixteen years decided upon the following rates of cbarge: Fiveofage; and one-fifth of those in attendance on the words for address, date and signature, beretofore schools of these agencies paid their tuition regularly. accepted without charge, but subject to limitation The CRANBERRY CROP of the United States this as to the pumber of letters, will be forwarded irre-year, it is said, will amount to 300,000 bushels, spective of the number of letters tbey contain, pro worth $1,200.000, and of this amount New Jersey vided the privilege is not abused.

produres one-half.

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"TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS TAY LIFE."

the

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, TWELFTH MONTH 21, 1867.

No. 42.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONTENTS.
The Penng and Pening tons...

667 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Non-attendance of Week.day Meetings.

659 MADE TO Jewish and Christian Charity....

660 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, Remarks on the Death of Mary K. Henzey.

663 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, First-Day Schools....

663 EDITORIAL

604 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE OBITUART

665
The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per
sonum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Demorial of the Society of Friends in regard to the Indians 665
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.
The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the ofHce where European Correspondence..

€69 it is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year.

POETRY........

670
AGENTS — Joseph S. Cohu, New York,
Henry Ilaydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Customs of the Japanese.

671
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS.

672 James Baynes, Baltimore, Ma.

THE PENNS AND PENINGTONS. but my mind ran after the hearing of the Non(Continued from page 643.)

conformist before mentioned. By constraint I Relative to her own experience, M. Pening-went with the family in the morning, but could ton proceeds thus :-"Word having been not be kept from going to hear the Puritan brought to the house that a neighboring minis- preacher in the a!ternoon. I went through ter, who had been suspended by the bishop for much suffering to secure this, being forced to not being subject to their canons, had returned go on foot two or three miles, and done perto his people again, and that he was to preach mitted to go with me. However, a servant out at the same place where he had preached three of compassion would sometimes run after me, years before, I desired to go. For this I was lest I should be frightened by going alone. I reproved by those who had the care of me, as was very young, but so zealous in this that all being not fit to leave my parish church. I their reasonings and threatenings could not could not comply with their mind, but felt I keep me back; and in a short time I would not must go. When I came I found the minister go to hear the parish priest at all, but went, was, indeed, one of those called Puritans. He wet or dry, to the other place. I would go in prayed fervently, and with much sense of feel. with the family to hear the Scriptures read; ing. I felt that bis was that sort of prayer but if I did happen to go in before they had which

my mind had pressed after, but that I done the prayers, I would sit while they could not come at it in my own will; only had kneeled. These things wrought much trouble just tasted of it that time I have just mentioned in the family, and there were vone to take my Now I knew this was true prayer, and I mourn. part but two of the maid servants, who were ed sorely that I still kneeled down morning inclined to mind what I said against the read. after morning, and pight after night, but had ing of their prayers, and so refused to join with unt a word to say. I was exercised with this them in it. This the governors of the family a great time; I could not go to hear the com were inuch disturbed at, and they made me the non prayer that was read in the family at subject of their discourse in company, saying nights, por could I kneel down when I went to that I professed to pray with the spirit, but retheir worship house. I could but read thejected godly men's prayers ; that I was proud, Bible, or some other book, wbilst the priest and a schismatic.” This was hard enough. read common prayer.

agaiost a covecientious, tender-spirited girl of " At length I could neither kneel por stand seventeen; but we must remember how trying up to join with the priest in prayers before the it was to her guardians to see one so young sermoa; neither did I care to hear him preach ;'taking such a stand against established forms,

and against what they regarded and had and shield her, to which she consented with adopted as the right and truly authorized all her heart; for 10 ber great joy she found, course in family worsbip.

what she scarcely ventured to hope or expect, When to the above was added the suspicion that his religious feelings, notwithstanding the that she went to hear the Puritan preacher, | adverse society to which his London life bad only to obtain more liberty to meet with some been exposed, corresponded very nearly with young men whose acquaintance she was not her own. Hence she says, “ My heart cleaved likely to form in the house of her guardian, no to him for the Lord's sake.” They were marwonder its injustice hurt her much, and that ried a few months after William's return, when her sense of delicacy was wounded to the quick. Mary was about eigbteen and he not yet In the family of Sir Edward Partridge she had twenty-one. abundant opportunities of meeting with gay. The youthful husband, with the utmost zeal, company; and a beautiful young heiress as she adopted and carried out the same objections to was, with the advantages of wealth and edu- the use of forms of prayer and to other Church cated taste, attracted, as we may well under- of England observances which his young wife stand, numerous suitors; but from the special had done previously. She says, speaking of that attentions thus directed to ber she turned cold. early time, “We scrupled many things then in ly away. Her heart was too much absorbed use among those that were counted honest, good in the great search after truth, and longing for people. We found that songs of praise with spiritual communion with God, to be moved us must spring from the same thing as prayer by such attentions from any one who was not did—the feelings of the heart—and so we could similarly interested. Thus she speaks of her not in that day use any one's song any more feelings at tbat time :

than their prayer." And she adds, respecting "I minded not those marriages that were her husband, " Being so zealous against the use propounded to me by vain persons, but having of common prayer and superstitious customs, desired of the Lord that I might have one who made him a proverb amongst his intimates and feared Him, I had a belief, though then I knew relations. Indeed, he was so sensible of bliod none of my own outward rank that was such a superstition concerning what tbey called their one, that the Lord would provide one for me. churches, that, to show his abhorrence of their In this belief I continued, not regarding the placing holiness in the house, he would give reproaches of them that said to me, no gentle- disdaining words about their church timber. man, none but mean persons were of this way, When we bad a child, he refused to allow the and that I would marry some mean one or other. midwife to say her formal prayer, but prayed They were disappointed in that, for the Lord himself, and gave thauks to the Lord in a very touched the heart of him who was afterwards sweet and melting way; which caused great my husband, and my heart cleaved to him for amazement. He never went to the parish the Lord's sake.

church, but went miles away to hear Wilson, This was William Springett. During the the minister I before mentioned; por would be previous seasons of deep trial through which go to prayers in the house, but prayed morning his uncle's ward had been passing, Wiliam had and evening, with me and his servants; which been at Cambridge pursuing his studies there, wrought great discontent in the family, whilst and afterwards at the Iops of Court studying we lodged with his uncle, Sir Edward Partridge. law. As his uncle, Sir Thomas Springet', was He would not let the parish priest baptize ihe his guardian, it is probable the nephew had his child, but, when it was eight days old, bad it uncle's house as a second home, and had thus carried in arms to this Wilson, five miles distant. been entirely removed from the scene of Mary's There was great seriousness and solemnity obtrials when they were most bitterly felt; and it served in doing this; we then looked upon it as doubtless was through the influence of this an ordinance of God. Notes were sent to prouncle, who was a steady royalist, that William fessing people round about, for more than ten Springett was knighted by the king, that honor miles, to come to seek the Lord at such a time having been conferred on him at a very early for a blessing upon his ordinance. No person age-most probably when he was a law student was to hold the child but the father, whom the and under Sir Thomas Springett's immediate preacher desired to take it as being the fittest care and patronage.

person to have charge of him. It was a great It seems that as soon as William heard cross and a new business, which caused much through his mother's letters how the case stood gazing and wonderment, for him, a gallant and with Mary Proude, that he lost no time in very young man, in the face of so great an hastening home, deserting all the attractions assembly to hold the child in his arms. He of London, and forsaking the law courts, to received large charge about educating his cbild, wbich he never returned as a student. As the and his duty towards him. He was the first object of his most cherished affections, he person of quality in this country that refased asked Mary to give him the right to protect the common mode, which he did in bis zeal

against the formality and superstitions of the convenience to pitch his own tent which he hail times.

with him. For some days he lived on candied
“ He took the Scotch Covenant against all citron and biscuit. After being in several other
popery and popish innovations, and was in the engagements, he went back with his regiment
Eoglich engagement when the fight was at into Kent.”
Edge IIill, which happened when his child was

(To be continued.)
about a month old. He had a commission sent
him to be colonel of a regiment of foot, and he

Prayer is the peace of our spirit, the stiil. raised eight hundred men without beat of drum, ness of our thoughts, the evenness of recollecpost of them religious professors' sons.

Theretion, the seat of meditation, the rest of our cares were near six score volunteers in his own com- and the calm of our tempest; prayer is the issue pany; hinself going a volunteer, taking no pay.

of a quiet mind, of untroubled thoughts; it is İle was afterwards made a deputy-lieutenaut of the dau ter of charity, and the sister of meekthe county of Kent, in which position he was

hich position he was ness.-- Bp. Jeremy Taylor.
zealous and diligent for the cause.
“Within a few days after his regiment was

In looking over a late number of the British
enrolled, there was a rising in the vale of Kent Friend, we find an article on the non-attend-
of many thousands; to suppress which, he and ance of week day meetings. This being a con-
bis dewly gathered, undisciplined soldiers were cern which has claimed the serious considera-
commanded from their rendezvous at Maidstone. tion of Friends within our own Yearly Meet-
He, having placed his men in such order as their tion of Friends within our own Yearly Meet-
inexperience and the time would permit, came to ing, we felt an especial interest in the views ex-
take his leave of me before encountering the pressed by J. D. The following extract will
enemy. When he came, he found me in danger no doubt meet with the approval of many who
of being put out of the house in case the enemy have felt deeply on this subject:
proceeded so far; and it put him to great diffi-
culty to provide for my safety, and to return to TO NON-ATTENDERS OF WEEK DAY MEETINGS.
bis regiment at the time appointed, it being cies of God, that'ye present your bodies a living

“I beseech you, therefore, brethren, by the merreported Prince Rupert was coming over to join sacrifice, hols, acceptable unto God, which is your the risers. But, being of such quick capacity, reasonable service." —Romans xii. 1. he soon devised a course that effected it; fetch “ Not forsaking the assembling of ourselres to. ing a stage.coach from Rochester in the night, gether, as the manner of some is."— IIebrevs x. 25. he carried me and my child and maid to Graves curely buy it of thee at a price: neither will I offer

“And the king said unto Araunab, Nay, but I will end; and there, hiring a barge for us to go to burnt-offerings unto the Lord my God of that which London, he took a solemn leave of me, and doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshwent post to his regiment. When I came to ing-floor and the oxen for fifiy shekels of silver.”Loodon, I found the whole city in alarm, noth-12 Samuel xxiv. 24. ing but noise of drums and trumpets, with the

Do not the vacant seats in too many meetingclattering of arms, and the loud cry, “Arm! houses of the Society of Friends, especially on arm! for the enemy is near! This was at the week-days, sadly testify to the neglect of these time of that bloody fight between the Parlia- admonitions; and is it not to be feared that the ment forces and the king's, at Houuslow heath. manner of some is, to offer unto the Lord of

“The risers being diepersed in Kent, my that which costs them pothing, by presenting husband came to London, having behaved very themselves before Him on the First day of the approvably in getting restored the cattle and week, whilst, alas! they neglect the assembling horses to the persons that had been plundered of themselves together, wheu the service of the by the risers, who had taken a great quantity, King of kings interferes, as they imagine, with which, on their being dispersed, came into pos- the supposed duties or enjoyments of life.' It is session of the soldiers. He applied himself to customary with most professing Christians to have them all restored to those that were op- assemble with others for the public worship of pressed by the plunderers, but there were other God on the first day of the week. There may be officers associated with him who endeavored to little or pothing of truc fealty to Him in this. It enrich themselves by retaining them. He wouid be deemed disreputable, and ihey would afterwards went upon several services with his feel conscience-stricken to omit so cbrious a regiment; he was at the taking of Lord Craven's duty; whilst attendance on mid-week weetings house in Surrey, where several of his own com for worship and meetings for discipline is pany of volunteers were of the forlorn bope regarded by too many as of little importance. He was also at the fight at Newbury, where he They bow to the opinions of their fellow men was in imminent danger; a bullet hittiog him as regarls First-day duties; whilst the love and severely, though it had lost its force to enter. fear of God prove insufficient motives to detach He lay for sone nights on the field in Lord them from their too engrossing secular engageRobert's coach; there being neither time norments at other times.

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JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN CHARITY.

"All

Very plausible reasons are often assigned for, the omission of such attendance—that other London Pauperism amongst Jews and Christians. An duties stand in the way--needful attention to

Inquiry into the Principles and Practice of Onibusiness--the care of a family-reasonable door Relief in the Metropolis, and the Results relaxation-inability to spare the time required upon the Moral and Physical Condition of the --deference to employers or partners in trade.

Pauper Class. By J. H. STALLARD, M. B., London. Such excuses might be considered valid, if

London: Saunders, Otley & Co., 1867. religion were a secondary matter-if temporal The Jewish system of public relief in London things were to stand first, and then the things of originated, it seems, from the removal, a few God. But she command is clear, distinct, im- years ago, of the wealthier Hebrew families, for pierative, " Seek ye first the kingdom of God;" fashion's sake, to the West End. Before this and no humble believer need fear to accept this removal, the rich and poor pot only met together in all its comprehensiveness, and with all the in their synagogues for common worship and consequences its unqualified fulfilment entails. mutual edification, but lived together in a com.

The writer believes that plain speaking ie mon and close neighborhood, with natural needed on this subject ! and, whilst desiring to relations between the two classes, and a simple, plead with the negligent in Christian love, he spontaneous dependence of each upon the other. would that they might very seriously consider Left to themselves, the poor were obliged to whether they are not robbing God of his due, resort to new means of communication with their and their own souls of much spiritual benefit, more farored fellows of Israel's name. by withholding from Him what may cost them isolation,says Matthew Browne, in his own something, but which is, unquestionably, their italics, “all isolation is a making of little hells!" reasonable service.

So it wrought with the Hebrews in the great Is there not still left amongst us a measure metropolis. The poorer synagogues of the Couat least of that deep and fervent love to Cbrist tinent forwarded tbeir dependent members, for and to his cause which so characterized our relief, to London, as their residence, or as a. forefathers, whom neither fides nor imprison- stage on their way, pilgrim-like, to our shores. went could deter from attending their meetings? Hundreds of poor foreigners, ignorant of the is the burning zeal of other days no more to be language, homeless and houseless, with po means found within our borders ? Have those cour- of self-support, crowded the Jewish quarter in aveous and dedicated ones who feared no evil, the heart of this centre of the world's wealth. but whose hearts were fixed, trusting in the The Hebrew population was estimated, last Lord, left no successors? And are we indeed year, at 55,900, and has not, probably, ranged becoming, as a people, faint and feeble in our much below those figures during the brief allegiance and service to our God.

period of their new Relief Arrangement. The Whilst freely availing ourselves of every in. foreign element largely predominated. Soine creased facility now offered for Scriptural in- estimate of the proportion of widows and fatherstruction, and of all other means really calculated less children may be drawn from the fact, that to promote our spiritual growth, may we never for. 10,000 of the former and 25,000 of the latter get the ancient landmarks, never lose faith in the are already enrolled upon the books of their direct iufiuence, guidance, and teaching of the Guardians of the Poor. Holy Spirit, or the high privilege of communion The removal of the rich from their vicinity with God through Him; but rather be willing left the poor to avail themselves of begging 10 be stirred up to greater diligence in the at- pleas or begging letters. They planted then. teodance of all our meetings for worship and selves at the doors of warehouses, counting. discipline.

rooms, or banking-offices, with an importunity Many can testify that a rich and continued not to be denied; or they forwarded epistles of blessing has been bestowed upon them, buth a most urgent and piteous tenor: and to both outwardly and spiritually, io thus giving up to forms of appeal the pious and prosperous Jew the calls of duty; and how many bave had to promptly accorded a favorable reply. So the deplore a neglect of these meetings as the first relatiouship was re established, which his re. steps in declension, which, abating their love to moval to the Wesi End had disturbed. But God and their joy in his courts, has led them effects soon followed which rerealed a disastrous downward in the path of unfaithfulness and error. The more the rich yielded and gave,

the sorrow.-J. D.

more importunate and exacting the poor became.

Beggars' cries and beggars' letters multiplied Let a young man resolve that he will never and swarmed, like the flies and frogs of Egypt. cross the threshold of a theatre; let bim deter- Pauperism increased. To prevent this, as well mine, as Amos Lawrence did at the age of four as to remember and relieve the poor, was the teen, when there were no temperance societies question whicb Hebrew charity bad to meet. to help him, that he will run no risks with the The first step was the appointment of a Board intoxicating cup.

Tof twenty-nine Guardians of the Poor, to

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