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No. 41.


The Penns and Pening tong.....

... 641 Strength of Moral Afinitieg.........


The Life of God in the Soul..

.. 644 MADE TO Extract.............


Notes of Foreign Travel, from Private Correspondence...... 646 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Soventh Street, EDITORIAL ......

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652 AGENTS.-Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

Annual Report of the Library Association of Friends. 653 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

655 Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

Iron at $20,000 per pound.
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.

666 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.



ers in the afternoon. They used common prayFrom this interesting work by Maria Webb, customs, and tir's, and days of fasting and

ers in the family, and observed superstitious which we have before alluded to as baving been feasting. At that time, when I was afraid in sent us by John Penington & Son, Booksellers, the night season of such things as spirits walkand from which we have made some extracts, ing, and of thieves, I would often say over, as we now select the " Childhood and Early Life Lord's Prayer, boping by that means to be de

I had been taught, that wbich is called the of Mary Proude, ultimately Penington,” with a livered from the things I feared.” She used, brief sketch of her first husband, Sir William as many a child has done, the words of that Springett.

beautiful comprehensive prayer as a charm to We feel no hesitation in recommending this ward off evil, witbout entering into its spirit, or book as an acquisition to the family library. It she was about eight years of age, and still liv.

at all comprehending its meaning. But when can be obtained at 127 8. 7th St. Price $3.00. ing with the loose Protestants she speaks of, she

Mary Proude was born about the year 1624, heard a sermon preached, the text of which and was the only child of Sir John Proude, a made a more intelligible religious impression on native of Kent, in which county be had valu- ber mind. It was the declaration of the Lord able landed property. He entered into the Jesus, " Blessed are they that hunger and thirst military service of the States of Holland under after righteousness, for they shall be filled.”. the Prince of Orange, and was one of the officers This, she says, was the first Scriptural text of killed at the siege of Groll in Guelderland. which she ever took serious notice, and wbo Her mother's death took place either immedi can imagine what a stay and blessing it proved ately after or shortly before that of her father; in keeping alive religious bope in many an hour so that the little girl was left without either of of discouragement and depression in after years? ber parents at the

age of three years. She was It appears to have served as a divine anchor, brought up in a Protestant family, where the made so secure in that early time that no storm ordinances of the Episcopal Church were recog. could afterwards entirely unsettle it. nized. Speaking of their habits, she says they When she was about nine

the were “a kind of loose Protestants, who minded little orphan girl, who seems to have been the no religion, though they went to their place of ward of Sir Edward Partridge, was removed to worship on First-days, to hear a canonical priest his residence. He had a large mixed family; preach in the morning, and read common pray. 'for, beside his own immediate housebold, he had a sister, Madam Springett, a young widow sermons on First-day, between the sermons. I lady, with her three children and their servants, diligently heard her read, and likiog not to use who boarded in his house. Madam Springett the Lord's Prayer only, I got a Prayer-book, joined her brother's family at meals, but bad a and read prayers mornings and nights, accordprivate suite of apartments for her own family ing to the days and occasions. About this time to retire to. She was a superior woman in my mind was serious about religion, and one every respect, and of her attention and kind- day, after we came from the place of public ness little Mary Proude appears to bare largely worship, this forementioned maid servant read partaken. She had a daughter Catharine, a one of Preston's sermons on the text, “ Pray little older than Mary, and two sons, William continually." Much was said of the excellency and Herbert. With these children Mary was of prayer—that it distinguished a saint from educated under the roof of Sir Edward Part- the world; for that in many tbings the world ridge, until the boys were sent to a public and hypocrites could imitate a saint, but in school. Toward their uncle's ward the young prayer they could not. This wrought much in Spriogetts, who were noble youths, acted with a my mind all the time she read, and it seemed chivalrous and most kind consideration, that plaio to me that I koew not right prayer; for made them the very best of friends. William what I used as prayer an ungodly man might was about two years and a half older than Mary. do by reading it out of a book, and that could She thus speaks of his early habits :


of age,

not be the prayer which distinguished a saint “ He was of a most courteous, affable carriage from a wicked one. As soon as she had done towards all. He was most ingeniously inclined reading, and all gone out of the chamber, I shut from a very lad, carving and forming things the door, and in great distress Aung myself on with his knife or tools ; so industriously active the bed, and oppressedly cried out aloud, Lord, tbat he rarely ever was idle. For when he wbat is prayer?' At this time I had never could not be employed abroad in shooting at a beard any, nor of any tbat prayed otherwise mark with gun, pistol, crossbow or longbow, or than by reading, or by composing and writing a managing his horses, which he brought up and prayer, which they called a form of prayer. trained himself-teaching them boldness in this thing so wrought in me, that, as I rememcharging, and all that was needful for service-ber, the next morning, or very soon after, it when he could not, I say, be thus engaged came into my mind to write a prayer of my own abroad, then he would fence within doors; or composing to use iu the moroings. So, as soon inake crossbows, placing the sight with that ac- as I was out of bed, I wrote a prayer, though I curateness as if it had been his trade; and make then could scarcely join my letters, I had so bow-strings, or cast bullets for his carbines, and little a time learne:) to write. It was something feather his arrows. At other times he would of this pature; that, as the Lord commanded pull his watch to pieces to string it, or to mend the Israelites to offer up a morning sacrifice, so any defect; or take to pieces and mend the I offered up the sacrifice of prayer, and desired house clock. He was a great artist not only in to be preserved during that day. The use of shooting, but in fishing-making lines, and ar- this for a little time gave me some ease, and I rangiog baits and things for the purpose. He soon left off using my books; and as the feelwas also a great lover of coursing, and he man. ings arose in me, I wrote prayers according to aged bis dogs himself. These things I mention my several occasions." to show his ingenuity and bis industry in bis The time wben the circumstances above reyouth. But his mind did not run into any lated marked the experience of this thoughtful vanity about such things after it was engaged little girl, was when the spirit of Puritanisin in religion."

began to be wanifested in the churches The So long as mere childhood lasted, under such reading of the common prayers of the Church care, and with such companionship and bright of England Prayer-book, both in public and surroundings, Mary's life must have passed on private worship, was one of the practices to smoothly and pleasantly. Of the general re. which objection began to be raised by some of ligious habits and tone of the Partridge's, she the most strictly religious people of that time; says they seemed to be more religious than the and there were other practices also, in both the other family she had previously lived with. Episcopal and Presbyterian Churches, to which “ They would not admit of sports on the first these Puritans- as they were in ridicule called day of the week, calling it the Sabbath; and -objected. Mary Penington thus continues : they heard two sermons on that day of a priest, " The next prayer I wrote was for an assurance who was not loose in his conversation; he used of pardon for my sins. I had heard one preach a form of prayer before bis sermon, and read how God had pardoned David his sins of His common prayer. When I was about eleven free grace; and as I came from our place of years of age, a maid servant, who tended on me worship, I felt how desirable a thing to be asand the rest of the cbildren, and was zealous in sured of the pardon of one's sins; so I wrote a that way, would read Smith's and Preston's pretty large prayer concercing it. I felt that

it coming of grace, though I was unworthy, yet of great numbers to the Establishment, and
I might receive pardon, and I used earnest ex. eventually of causing them to separate from the
pressions about it. A little after this I received church which promoted it.
some acknowledgments from several persons of It is evident that during the period of early
the greatness of my memory, and was praised religious exercise alluded to above, Mary Proude
for it. I felt a fear of being puffed up with did not open her mind to any person. Oue
that praise; so I wrote a prayer of thanks for would think she might have done so to her
the gift of memory, and expressed my desires friend Madam Springett; but on the subject
to use it to the Lord, that it might be sanctified which chiefly engrossed her feelings, it is proba-
to me, and that I might not be puffed up by it. ble she perceived that lady felt no special ditti-
These three prayers I used with some ease of culties, such as had taken hold of her mind re-
mind for a time, but not long; for I began specting prayer. Madain Springett, at the pe..
again to question whether I prayed right or not. riod in question, nominally belonged to the
I knew not then that any did pray extempore, Church of England, but had largely given her
bat it sprung up in my mind that to use words religious confidence to the Puritan section of
according to the sense I was in of my wants, the Church, as is evinced by her choosing i
was true prayer, which I attempted to do, but Puritan tutor for her sons when she sent them
could not; sometimes kneeling down a long to College.
time, but had not a word to say. This wrought

In relation to her son William, the narrative great trouble in me, and I had none to reveal says, "She sent bim to Cambridge, as being acinyself to, or advise with, but bore a great counted more sober than Oxford, and placed burthen about it on my mind; till one day, as him in a Puritan college called St. Catharine's I was sitting at work in the parlor, a gentleman Hall, where was a very sober, tender master of that was against the superstitioos of the times, the house, and a grave, sober tutor; for she apcame io, aod, looking sorrowful, said, “ It was pointed him one Eilis, who was accounted a a sad day.” This was soon after Pryonc, Bast- Puritan; she having brought him up in his wick, and Burton were sentenced to have their youth, aud had used her influence to get him ears cut, and to be imprisoned. It sunk deep the preferment of a Fellow in that College.” into my spirit, and strong cries were in me for

(To be concluded.) them, and for the innocent people in the nation. It wrought so strongly in me that I could not STRENGTH OF MORAL AFFINITIES. sit at my work, but left it, and went into a pri. A faith which is true at heart, unites all who vate room, and, shutting the door, kneeled possess it by ties so strong that whatever their down and poured out my soul to the Lord in a names and parties, or however strong the wind:3 very vehement manner, and was wonderfully and waves may seem that blow them asunder for melted and eased. I then felt peace and ac- a while, it is really astonishing how much and ceptance with the Lord, and was sure that this how nearly they come together again. When a was prayer, [io spirit and in truth], which I fileet of ships have each a true com pass on board, never was in like manner acquainted with clouds may arise and isolate them from sight of before, either in myself, or from any one else." each other, or from land; but they go on and cut

The persecution and cruel punishment of their way through the fog truly enouyin, because Pryone, Bastwick, and Burton, which called each sails by compass, and when the fog lifts, it is forth the deep sympathy and the earnest pray found to have steered correctly and to have ers of this young girl, occurred during the year moved in company with the rest of the fleet. 1637. Neal, in his History of the Puritans, It is so with good meo actuated by a common tells us that Prynde was prosecuted for writing moral and religious priociple. They are often a book entitled, Aistriomastrix, against plays, much nearer to each other than they can see or masques, dancing, etc., and was condemned by feel or know at the time, and all quietly working the Court of Star Chamber to be degraded from towards the same point, and with real unity of his profession of the law; to be pilloried at purpose. They walk by faith, not by sight: Westminster and in Cheapside, at each place to so they steer by compass. They may be pene. lose an ear; to be fined £5,000; and to suffer trating a mine or a mountain, working underperpetual imprisonment. Burton was a parish ground, far apart, and from opposite directions; priest who published two sermons against the but true to the principles that guide them, ther late innovations in the church. Bastwick was are constantly approaching and will meet in the a physician, who wrote a book entitled, Eleucis middle. In our own day the efforts which religionis Papistica. They were all three fined are being made to bind together sects that have £5,000 each, had their ears cut off, and were been estranged for centuries, proves nothing so coudemned to perpetual imprisonment. Arch much to the thoughtful mind as the strength bishop Laud was present at the passing of the and the durability of that love which true reseptence. Of course such persecution and cru ligion inspires, latent as at times it may seem. elty had the cffect of weakening the attachment'--Public Ledger.

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From Friends' Review.

XXXV. 8.

raise up a standard in bebalf of the righteous.

Dess once delivered to the saints-to sound an " And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall alarm in the camp of the professed followers of

be called the way of holiness; the unclean shall not
pass over it, but it shall be for those, the wayfaring Christ, and to invite a rally around the ancient,
men, though fools shall not err therein." -Isalau yet ever new and glorious truths of the Gospel,

which were, after a long night of apostacy,
Christianity, or the life of God in the soul of brought home to the hearts of men, by the
man, has always appeared to the unregenerate preaching and other ministry of such men as
mind paradoxical and contradictory; ever ag. Fox, Barclay, Penington and Penn. We can
gressive yet non-resistant; ever "going forth but think tbat there are still those whose spirits
conquering and to conquer," yet ever despised are pressing though the crowd of difficulties
and trampled upon ; ever dying, yet ever liv. surrounding them into the kingdom and para-
ing; always burning, yet never consumed; its dise of God, and who would invite others into
mysteries and its consolations ever open "to the this new and living way, in which they have
babe and suckling,” yet inaccessible to the found victory over some of their soul's enemies,
“ wise and prudent;" its evidences of life never and who sincerely yet reverently believe that, in
more apparent and vigorous than amid desola- the Lord's time and way, complete victory sball
tion and death; its bopes dever more glorious crown their efforts—a way in which they have
than when all appear to be lost; and finally, its found many crosses, bat as many crowns, but
victory never more complete than when nailed witbal a way of quietness and blessed assurance
to the Cross. Amid these seemingly conflicting forever to them who are faithful to continue
truths, the upsanctified mind, in its efforts to therein.
reconcile tbem, hopelessly wanders as in a laby- There are many voices in the world crying
ripth, now traversing this plausible yet devious "Lo! bere is Christ; lo! He is there;" but the
path, now another still more divergent, till, ex. injunction, Go je not after them, is now, as
bausted by its own futile endeavors, it sinks then, of infipite importance, and equally to be
either in despair or utter disbelief.

obeyed, for the same reason, for “behold the The religious history of every mind in search Kingdom of Heaven is within you ;" and while after Truth, though it way present details of we might reasonably anticipate that discordant trials 'peculiar to itself, will also furnish so voices on so grave a questivo could hardly find many points of resemblance to that of others, place in our Society, yet here also can the disas to leave no doubt, that here as well as else- ciplined ear discern the feeble bleating of the where, like causes have produced like effects; Lord's flock, invited to partake of pasture where and we invariably find when, after deep though it cannot be found, and finally left to itself to fruitless research carried on in our will, the retrace its steps, or to escape to other folds Living-Way has through divine mercy been and other shepherds of mau's ordaioing and shown to us, side issues and bye-paths are for appointment. saken, and the heart revels in the glories of its We do net find it our place to go into expew-found treasure, admiring most of all that tended remarks concerning the causes which it should bave lain so long concealed within its have produced this state of things. Much bas reach.

already been written about “innovations,” The age in which we are living is confessedly breaches of discipline," and "departure from a remarkable one, whether we look at it in a apciept principles;" and yet the "hurt of the social, religious, or scientific point of view. ... daughter of my people is not bealed.”

The militant Church of Christ in some re- We fear deep-seated prejudice bas, in some spects resembles Jerusalem, just prior to its final instances, exalted itself into revelation, until demolition,-torn with dissensions within its some who occupy the position of overseers of own enclosure; its members perish with hun. the flock and delegated shepherds bave insensi. ger—its delegated shepherds, through unfaith. bly, yet surely, lost their hold upon the affecfulness and unwatchfulness, fail to extend and tions of their charge, who are left to wander to minister to their flocks that spiritual care upon the barren mountains of an empty and sustenance designed by the great Head of the profession, with an idea that beyond the pale of Church. In this condition it offers but a feeble our own Society there is no safety, and I had resistance to the powerful, unwearied adversary almost said no salvation, and in it the poor without the gates. In many places the walls satisfaction to be called the children of Abraare broken down and levelled to the ground. .. ham, and that, too, without Abraham's pat

Notwithstanding this discouraging aspect of rimony,-viz., his faith. things around us, we freely admit that there are To satisfy the cravings of these dear lambs still preserved those who, from sincere convic of the flock, some, professedly with good motives, tious, are fearlessly contending for the Truth, pot bold enough to leap the walls of conven. and others quietly suffering for it; who, having tional Quakerism, and to persuade others to do received mercy themselves, are constrained to so, hope to supply the deficiency through a class


of religious reading, whose manifest tendency is condemnation is the greater, for he that "knew to build up a superficial faith in the great and his Lord's will," and did it not, “shall be saving truths of Christianity, thus leading many beaten with many stripes ;" “but he that knew seeking minds to suppose that a mere historical not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, belief in the coming and death of our Saviour shall be beaten with few stripes.” is sufficient to effect the salvation of their souls. But why do we longer delay? We find our The tendency of such views is specious in the hearts pressing towards the answer of the plainextreme. Hence arises from this subtle spirit, tive query, going forth we believe in the minds as specious as it is active, having its origin in of many, “Who shall show us any good ?" We the upsanctified and unredeemed heart of man, have many to tell us of our disease, but who deriving its strength and support from its un will show us the true remedy? We have many subdued and restless nature-the new yet old also wbo cry, “ Peace, peace, when there is no machinery to rejuvenate and galvanize into ac- peace.” . : Where shall we find that holy tive life what they would deem the effete body zeal coupled with chaste fear of offending God, of Quakerism. From hence also may spring a that intense and burning love for Him, His desire to make our silent meetings, Bible meet- cause, and for each other, which characterized ings, where the gift of teaching may occupy the primitive days of this people; which braved the place of the winistry, where wordy exhor. the dungeon, the pillory, and the scaffold; which tations deduced from Scripture readings and in their love for the souls of men led them into expoundings may form the rule, and silence the every clime to preach the uusearchable riches exception.

of Christ? We by no means intend to discourage the

Should we ever expect to make like attain. diligent study of the Holy Scriptures, or, on ments, we must embark on the same divinelysuitable occasions, and in demonstration of the illuminated path. They were no servile copyspirit and power in which they were written, lists of other men of other days, or even of each their exposition; so far from this, it will be found other, "cxcept in the matter of faithfulness ;" that when He cometh to rule and reign in our but, having brought men to the feet of Christ, hearts whose right it is, who formerly opened the great exemplar, they were content to leave the understanding of His disciples that they | them there. They found it to be a might understand the Scriptures, we will prize living operative faith; a way in which, after them far above all other writings, and know our having vainly tried others, they found hidden estimation for them to increase just in the ratio a new and unearthly power to overcome their of the growth of our love for their Divine au- soul's enemies ; way of joy and true rest; a thor. As we conceive, there exist radical and way in which the rest was at the beginning ay unischievous errors, as well as inadequate views, well as at the end; for the rest was in the way; respecting the guidance of the Holy Spirit, cal for blessed be God, the way wis the rest. culated to mislead and to rob of that true When these met together for the purpose of peace and joy in believing to which the humble worshipping Almighty God, how retired their and dedicated followers of Christ are called, and spirits : how solemn the introversion of their to throw into disrepute amongst other profes-minds: how frequent and how abundant the sing Christians this most distinguishing feature outpouring of the heavenly oil and wine for of our doctrines. History is here daily, hourly, their refreshment, whether administered through repeating itself. The Jews had formed their the instrumentality of anointed servaots, or imown opinions as to how Cbrist should come, but mediately by the hand of the good Shepherd when he came and dwelt among them, reproving Himself; how unmistakable the unction and them for their sins and healing their diseases, baptizing power attending the outward ministry they rejected Him, saying: Is He not one of of the word. us?” They expected a wholly different mani- We are aware that an idea prevails extenfestation of the Son of God from what was sively that the Society of Friends “ has had its afforded them. As it was in His outward ap- day," that, having fulfilled an important evanpearing, so it is now, we fear, in His inward and gelical mission in the world, it must disappear, spiritual appearances, that many among us, who and give place to organizations more suited to are professedly waiting for the coming of the the spirit of the age. The founders of QuakerMessiah who shall show them all things, are iger ist

ism bad no such thought. It was not to estabnorantly rejecting Him and His appearances in lish a sect they preached and labored, but to their hearts—hence no mighty works are done“ turn men everywhere to Christ within, the there, because of their unbelief.

hope of glory;" to convince men of the won. It is with pain that we thus dwell upon the derful truth, that which briogeth salvation is evidences of spiritual declension. On all sides nigh, even in the heart, and that which convicts they are as freely admitted as equally observed. men of sio is the only power which shall save What avails the high standard made by us, un- from sin. And they boldly andounced : “If ye less our actions and life conform thereto ? Our believe not that this is Hé, ye shall die in your

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