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their beight, that John Rous wrote to his sis-conscience, as an Englishman contending for ter-in-law the following letter :
the ancient and imprescriptible liberties of his John Rous to Sarah Fell.
The special law on which he was ar"Wandsworth, 151h of oth mo. [August), 1670.raigned, he knew very well that he had vio
“ Deur Sister, - I received thine of the 11th lated, and intended again and again to violate. instant, and do bless the Lord for all your wel- His religious friends took the same view of the fare. The enclosed for sister Lower I shall case; they acknowledged the Conventicle Act get sent by the next post, and that to my
to be in force according to the mere forms of father as soon as I have an opportunity. I jurisprudence, but they contended that it was have not heard from him since I left him, therefore pot binding. Better versed in his
in direct contradiction to the Divine laws, and which was the reason I did not write by last Third-day's post, having come from him but country's history, Peun disputed its legality. that morning.
He held it to be in equal hostility to the Bible “ Meetings (generally) yesterday were pretty
and to the Great Charter."* quiet to what they have been sometimes. I
Whilst under the Conventicle Act the was at Gracious-street meeting, which was in
Friends were taken up and sent to prison in the street, and, as near as I could judge, sev
great numbers in the vain attempt to extineral thousands at it. Bnt by reason of the guish Quakerism, George Fox was suffering multitude of rude people who come mostly to which most who saw him thought he would
from a very severe and protracted illness, from gaze, it was more like a tumult than a solid assembly, wbich was no small grief to me to see. also his sight and hearing, but bis ever active
never recover. His strength seemed gove, so William Pepo was there, and spoke most that was spoken; there were some watchmen with and vigorous miod was still at work. Thus he halberts and musketeers who came to take him states :-"I went to the widow Drie's, at En. down while he was speaking; but the multi field, and there I lay all that winter, warring in tude crowded so close that they could not get spirit with the evil spirits of the world that to him. To prevent further disturbance, he warred against Truth and Friends. For there promised when the meeting was over to go to
were great persecutions at tbis time; some them; and so be and one Willian Meade, who meeting houses were plucked down, and many is lately convinced, went to them. They car
were broken up by soldiers. Sometimes a ried them before the Mayor, who committed troop of horse or a company of foot would come them for a riot. I hear the Mayor was very
and break their swords, carbines, muskets, and rought with William Penn Thomas Beedle pikes, with beating Friends, many of whom was committed from Horsleydowa meeting for they so wounded that their blood lay in the speaking there. Many of the Professors’ meet: this cruel persecution at London, was my old
Amongst others that were active in inys were also broken up, and some committed; but they skulk very much into boles and cor: adversary, Colonel Kirby, who would often inners, and when discovered there, fly away.
quire for me at the meetings he broke up.” “I have not much further to add, but that
The following letter shows how low he was we are all well, and remember our dear love to
after his removal to Enfield :-my mother, thyself, our sister, II. Hall, and John Stubbs to Margaret Fox. our little ones.
“ENFIELD, at Widow Drie's house, “ Thy dearly loving Brother,
} " J. R."* "Dearly beloved and honored in the Truth,The expression “one William Meade” in. I am with thy dear husband, wbo is recoverdicates that he who afterwards became Sarah's ing, I hope. Yesterday in the afternoon I had busband was at that time a stranger to the a fine opportunity to speak my mind to bim, writer, and probably to her also.
being alone with bim in his chamber. I told The famous trial of William Penn and Wilbim I expected to have a few lines from thee liam Meade which followed, commenced at the that night, but it proved otberwise. He bid Old Bailey just two weeks after the date of the me write to thee, and his words were these :-foregoing letter. [Fepworth Dixon, in bis life Tell her I have been so ill that I could not of William Penn, describes this memorable write, but now I am better,-blessed be the trial; he says : -" Everything considered—the Lord,--praises be to the Lord !-mind my love character of the men, the interests at issue, the to them all.' He had better rest last night than cause of the proceedings, and the final results formerly. I contioue here near him, for I see -this is perhaps the most important trial that it is my place, and I have peace in it. He in. ever took place in England. Penn stood before quires every post for letters, but in few words. his judges in this celebrated scene, not so It thou please in writing to him thou mayest much as a Quaker pleading for the rights of direct them to me in cover to Henry Salter, at * From the Beuson Collec.i.o.
* Life of Wm. Penn, by W. H. Dixon, page 86.
the Black Lion Ion, Bishop's Gate, or to Ed. They went in fai'h in the Lord's power, and ward Mons. I have not much to add at pres- the Lord gave them favor with the King, so ent, but that meetings were pretty peaceable in that he granted a discharge under the broadLondon the last First-day, and also at Hors- seal to clear both ber and her estate, after havleydown.
ing been seven years a premunired prisoner, “ Thy servant in the Truth, the like [of such discharge] was then scarcely
66 Join STUBBS. to be heard in Eogland.” "P.S-He bid me also to tell thee that Thus was her release announced to the pris. great has been the tenderness and the care ofoner herself :Friends to him, and nothing wanting. Two or three women sit up every night, and I some
John Rous to Margaret Fox. times. Mer Friends formerly sat up, but now
London, 41h 2d mo. [April], 1671. two good women Friends constantly. I would “ Dear Mother,— According to my intention be glad to write every week if thou would (mentioned) in my last to sister Sarah, someorder me so to do.'
thing presenting worth advising I take the opOur next letter is from
portunity of informing thee by this post. La-t
Sixth-day the two women Friends took the Margaret Rous to her Mother, Margaret Fox.
grant out of the Attorney-General's office, and ENFIELD, 14th 9th mo. [November), 1670. he gave them his fee, which should have been " Dear Mother,- I am now at Elizabeth five pouods, and bis clerk took but twenty Drie's with my father, who, blessed be the shillings, whereas his fee was forty. Yesterday Lord, is pretty finely, though weakly still, but they went with it to the King, who signed it much more at ease than some time ago.
in the Council; and Arlington also signed it, cording to outward appearance, his distemper but would take no fees—whereas his fees would hath been fever and ague, which have now have been 12 or 20 pounds. Neither would Dearly disappeared, only a little chilliness once Williamson's man take anything, saying that in twenty-four hours, and it is quickly over. if any religion be true it is ours. To-morrow However, he doth not himself look upon it to it is to pass the signet, and on Sixth-day, the be any of these things. His body hath been privy seal, and afterwards the broad seal, which under great suffering, but, blessed be the name
may be done on any day. The power of the of the Most High, there is no likelihood but Lord hath bowed their hearts wonderfully. that in a little time he may recover his strength Blessed be His name for ever! again; which thou wilt have notice of. So I
“ My father is now at London, and pretty hope thou wilt not trouble thyself with any well; his dear love is to thee and the children. fear about his well-doing, for there is no doubt I think he may come down to our house in a but in the Lord's time he will be as well as ever little time. My wife is well and now at Louhe hath been. All along he hath made much don, and our little boy was well (when I saw inquiry after thee, and always on the post-day him) yesterday. before letters came. I told him I was about
I believe when the business is effected writing to thee, and he bid me remember his that my father will send me down on purpose dear love, and that he desired the Lord God with it. Joho Salthouse is come up to Loodon Almighty would strengthen thee--that thou to seek employment, his trade being decayed should be comfortable, and cheeriul in the life in the country'; I desire if thou knows any. of Truth which is over all else.
thing of him that thou would inform me, for I "So with dear and tender love to thee, de-would willingly do him all the kindness I can siring greatly to hear of thy being cased of thy for his brother's sake. burden, and with my dear love to my own lit- “ Mine and my wife's dear love is rememtie ones aod to sister, I rest,
bered to thee, our sisters, and little ones. “ Thy truly loving Daughter,
“ I rest thy dear Son, " M. Rous.”+
"John Rous.'' As the winter passed over, the invalid grad
The patent of release was soon perfected, an:) ually improved—the return of spring brought all duly sent down. The Sheriff of Lancaster with it the return of health. Seeiog then that and local magistrates having then no excuse for the spirit of persecution had somewhat abated, delay, the prisoner was forth with liberated. George Fox resolved to have anothur appeal We may imagine but cannot fully describe the made to the King respecting his wife's release
joy and heartfelt thankfulness to the Lord with froin prison. He says:
- I was moved to which the removal of that heavy sentence was speak to Martha Fisher and another woman Friend to go to the King about her liberty. huiled by this emancipated Christian, as once
more she emerged from her gloomy castle * From the original in the Shackleton Collection.
† From the original in the Devonshire House Col. * From the origiaal in the Devon=bire House Col. lection.
prison to cross over the sands of the Bay to ber of the character and wanners of those who bad own dear home.
long passed away. “For at that hour the very earth seemed changed He was a beautiful example of the cheerful beneath her eye,
Christian, and his bigh gifts, einployed in the A holy beauty rising up to the blue vault of the right direction, made pleasant and attractive the
sky; A lovely light on rock and bill, and stream and lessons they conveyed. His able pen was often woodland lay,
employed as the earnest advocate of the spirit. As softly swept o'er sunny sanås the waters of the uality of the Christian faith, and in defence of Bay.
our testimonies; and his essays on these sub• Thanksgiving to the Lord of lifel to Him all jects were acknowledged to have unusual force
praiseg be Wbo from the hands of evil men hath set his band and ability. He filled many positions of usemaid free!
fulness during his long life. His sympathies Let all dear hearts with me rejoice, as did the were enlisted on behalf of the poor Indians, saints of old
(especially the tribes in the State of New York,) When of the Lord's good angel the rescued Peter and by advocating their cause with those in
told : For He who cooled the furnace, and smoothed the authority, he was instrumental in redressing stormy wive,
some of their wrongs, and in promoting their And tamed the Chaldean lions, is mighty still to welfare and advancement to a higher grade of
civilization. Children, grand-children, and friends rejoic But the most impressive lessons gained from ing with her in the fulness of their hearts, were his example were in the last twelve years of his at Swarthwoor to meet her. However, her life. When suddenly deprived of the powers stay at home was brief; for the Yearly Meet- that had contributed so largely to his own and ing of Friends in London being near, her hus others enjoyment, and which had so peculiarly baud wrote asking her to join him there, and distinguished him, although fully conscious of ioforming her also of a prospect he had before the loss, he bowed in cheerful acquiescence to him of Gospel labor in the West Indies. She the Divine will; and the strong and gifted man, came up at once, accompanying Joho Rous on laying down strength and gifts, entered, while his return, and remaining at his house at on earth, into the heaven of love. Many can Kingston-on-Thames with her husband, while bear witness, that however great was the enjoypreparations were making for this voyage. ment of his society in the days of his intellectual About four months elapsed from the time of power, far greater, in these latter days, was the bis wife's liberation until George Fox's depar. charm of the sweetness of his spirit, and the ture. The party covsisted of twelve persons love which seemed to embrace the whole human beside himself; three of whom were John family; and all who came within his inluence Rous, John Stubbs, and William Edmundson were made to feel bow blessed are they who, in from Ireland. They sailed first for Barbadoes, their evening twilight, are permitted to see the the early home of Joho Rous, as before stated, arising of the brightness of the future day. and in wbich island he seems to have had While we deeply feel the absence of ope so property, and where bis father still resided. long loved and honored, we must also rejoice
that the burden of weakness and weariness and For Friends' Intelligencer.
privation has been laid down, and that he bas
entered upon the heavenly inheritance of jog The announcement of the departure of our upspeakable and full of glory. dear friend Benjamin Ferris has already been
We canaot better close this tribute than by made in these columns, but his pumerous and quoting his own words, so applicable to himself: widely.extended circle of friends will feel that
Tbrice blessed even here, though in life's lowest something more is due to the memory of such a
station, map. A rare an:) gifted spirit has passed from
The Christian who sits at the feet of his Lord; amongst us, and entered upou the higher life. With joy bears his cross through this scene of proHis wonderful conversational powers adupted bation, themselves with remarkable versatility to all
And patiently waits his eternal reward. ages and capacities; and all who knew him can recall the many times in which they have seen A soul without prayer is like a solitary sheep Lim the centre of an admiring and listeniog without a shepherd. The tempter sees it and group, while he poured forth the stores of his lures it away into his snare. But the soul, in abounding treasury for their interest and in social converse with God, is emptied of everystruction. He was a connecting link between thing, is alone with God in the Spirit, at rest the present generation and the past, his reten- and in silence, giving place to God and things tice memory and power of representation en- divine, from which alone result truth aod abling him, from an inexhaustible fund of anec. strength and life and salvation. How precious dote and illustration, to give life like pictures are such times! How sweet tbe bour of prayer!
We have been furnished with an interesting | delay, but the pleasant reminiscences connected accouot of Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, held at with the venerable structure that has been deWoodlawn, Va., on the 18th of Eleventh stroyed will be wanting in the new edifice. month. Attached is a notice of the burning sociated with the houses in which our ancestors
There is, to most minds, something sacred as. of Friends' meeting-house at Waterford. The have worshipped, and within whose walls bave facts are very similar to those which appeared resounded the voices of those ancient worthies in our paper last week, but the reflections ac- who have long since gone to their eternal re
ward. 'companying each statement have an interest of their own, which we think will prevent the house at Waterford was occupied about eight
During the late war a part of the meeting. repetition from being objectionable.
months by the Southern troops. When they FRIENDS IN VIRGINIA.
took posse-sion of it, some of the Friends inOn the 18th of Eleventh month, Fairfax formed them that their meetings had been held Quarterly Meeting was held, for the first time, in that house twice a week without intermis. at Woodlawo near Mount Vernon in Fairfax sion, for more than 100 years, and they were County, Virginia. It was formerly held in the unwilling to relinquish it. The officers then Eleventh month at Alexandria, in the Second agreed to restrict their men to the use of one. month at Waterford, in the Fifth month at half of the house, leaving the other balf for the Hopewell near Winchester, and in the Eighth purpose of Divine worship. They often atmonth at Goose Creek, in Loudon County, but tended the meetings, behaving in a becoming the meeting at Alexandria having greatly de manner, and were deeply interested in the gosclined, while that at Woodlawn has increased, pel ministrations of our lamented friend Miriam the transfer was deemed necessary, and has G. Gover. given general satisfaction.
When the Quarterly Meeting was to be held The meeting house has been recently en. at Waterford in the Second month, 1862, the larged to double its former capacity, and the whole house being needed for the large congrecongregation having of late received many ac- gation expected, application was made for it to cessions, chiefly by immigration from the North, the officer in command, who readily agreed to there was found to be suficient accommodations vacate for the time the part occupied by the to render the assembling of Friends at that point soldiers. They bundled up their baggage and an occasion of much social enjoyment, as well stowed it away in the youth's gallery; some of as a season of spiritual improvement. The their swords were left hanging around the walls, meeting of Ministers and Elders being held on and they sat down with us quietly in our Seventh day, and meetings for public worship meeting for public worship. on First and Second days, afford the advantages It was a season of Divine favor that will long that were thought to be derived, io olden times, be remembered by many, corroborating the from the circular meetings for worship, of which testimony of the Christian church in all its we read in the Journals of Friends.
ayes, that in seasous of deep trial, when the Most of the Quarterly Meetings belonging souls of His servants are bowed in humility to Baltimore Yearly Meeting are held on this before the Most High, he condescends to make plan, and those who have been accustomed to himself knowo, as the refuge and strength of ibem always look forward to their recurrence his people, “ a very present help in trouble.” with much interest. Like the Feasts of Taber- Loudon Co., Va. pacles among the Israelites, they are seasons of social reunion that have a tendency to strengthen
For Friends' Intelligencer. the bonds of affection, and they often prove to
THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.-NO. III. be opportunities of spiritual refreshinent. My last article, in the Intelligencer of 11th
The Friends at Waterford have sustained a month 9th, referred to the timidiry which seems great loss in the destruction by fire of their to exist among Friends in regard to the expresineeting-house, which occurred on Sixth-day, sion of any views in contravention of established the 8th of the Eleventh month.
routine. From this subject we naturally pass The fire was communicated to the building hy to that of the too general disposition which prethe burning of grass or brush in the graveyard vails, to keep down and discourage freedom of adjacent. It was the act of school-boys, who expression. Well may one be reluctant to speak had no thought of injuring the property, and of any thing out of the beaten track, when to failed to give the alarm in time to save it. do so is to incur censure and displeasure.
The meeting house was built of stone, and It does seem to the writer that one of the part of it had stood 106 years, during which I greatest obstacles in the way of the prosperity time a Friends' meeting has been regularly 1 of our Society, is the prevalence of an inclinakeld ia it twice a week. It is the intention of tion to stifle and suppress that freedom of the Friends at Waterford to rebuild it without expression without which we cannot be in a
healthful condition, or keep pace with the times reminder, but frequent and careful self examin which we live. It is to stifle popular intelli ination. gence, which no body of people can do except What harm can come fiom the free expresto its own loss;-especially a body that discards sion of opinions, even if they should sometimes, professionally educated instructors as we do. or in some particulars, be erroneous ? As was
Many persons will perhaps not be disposed remarked by one of our eminent statesmen, to concede that Friends are inclined to be pro- “Error of opinion may be safely tolerated wben scriptive or intolerant toward ove another, but reason is left free to combat it;" and may we it is a common failing among religious organizadot safely rely upon the intelligence and love tions for those high in position, or active in of truth which prevails among our members to church affairs, to proscribe everything that does call the good from the bad in anything that not come up to their self-established standard, may be said ? Instruction may be gatbered and we cannot claim entire exemption from it. even from erroneous views. To discriminate It was this that produced our separation of between truth and error is a lesson every one 1827, and that has at many other times before must learn; but it is only by contrasting it with and since produced serious difficulties among error that we can properly learn to know and us; and that has likewise produced schisms in appreciate the beauty of truth. It is therefore most other religious denominations; and it is worse than supererogation for any to assume one of the greatest evils connected with re- that only what he or she may regard as truth ligions profession.
shall be presented to the people. Among persons associated together as a re- While the churches around us are based upon ligious body there must of necessiiy be a general a system analogous to monarchy, ours is essenunity of sentiment; but for one portion of the tially a system of republicanism; and, as we members to undertake to insist that all others humbly think, as much superior to the church sball, as to mere modes and details, think just system, as is the republican system of goveroas they do, and say nothing to the contrary, ment to monarchy. ond especially to hold that the mere forms and It must be conceded that freedom of exprescustoms of the past are sacred, and not to be sion may be carried to extremes; but with the changed, nor changes even suggested or talked frankpess and cordiality that should ever acabout, is simply destructive of that liberty in toate ús one toward another in the correction matters of conscience and religion wbich it was of each others faults, it will generally be found the very object of our Society in its early days to carry with it its own suficient corrective. to establish and promote, and for which our
T. H. S. ancestors labored and suffered so much. We profess that before the Almighty all of
For Friends' Intelligencer. us are equal; that he is no respecter of persons ;
FIRST-DAY SCHOOLS. and that his Divine light hath appeared unto
The recent published accounts of those enall men,
Whence then do any assume to have gaged in First-day schools show that, for the derived their commission to sit in judgment rast eight years, there has been a steadily inupon their brethren, and dictate to them what creasing interest in the concern, and that now a they shall think and say. One is our Father, large number of Friends feel it right weekly to and all we are brethren, and as such our duty collect the children for their improvement in best is to dwell together in harmony, love, and hu. things. It is encouraging to find that such mility one toward another; remembering that laborers have arisen almost simultaneously in it is the humble and the meek that are to be different neighborhoods willing to do their part guided in judgment and taught the true way. to repiedy a want that has long existed among Moreover, we profess to be subject to the in.us spiration and guidance of a higher power, to Though parents are the natural guardians of whose promptings we all owe obedience. In their offspring, and upon them should rest the attempting to restrain freedom of opinion and duty and responsibility of so training the chil. expression on any subject relating to the doc-dren that their lives may be useful and happy, trines and welfare of our Society, ought we not-and we can scarcely admit an excuse for the therefore to be exceedingly careful as to whose nonfulfilment of this obligation,-yet, as there work it is that we may be laying violent hands are many counteracting influences that may
prevent this desirable result, it is also incumThe writer does not ascribe to any particular bent upon those associated with them in reclass of Friends a disposition to urge and insist ligious fellowship to aid in the work. Though upon their own views in opposition to the equal the Divine Spirit dwells in the temple of every rights of others It is rather an error to which heart, and the light unto each is sufficient, if we are all liable, and doubtless do fall into at obeyed, to lead from duty to duty and to mark times, and against which we not only require a plain path through all worldly obs:ructions, the belp of one another in the way of gentle' yet we know there are many temptations to