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later events were sometimes blended; but even

For Friends' Intelligencer. then it was surprising to observe the clearnegs of " Where the carcass is, there will the eagles be her judgment in regard to principles, and the niceness of her discrimination in reference to tbe points

gathered together.”—Matt. xxiv. 27. before her.

This language of the beloved Jesus is figaShe rests from her labors, but her works follow rative of deep instruction. her, and her example is a light to those who re- It teaches that however high our profession main.

P. may be,-even though comparable to the towThe Executive Committee of "Friends' Publica-lin

ering wing of the eagle,—yet, like the eagle tion Association " will meet at Race Street Montbly

in another respect, the wind will be likely to Meeting Room, on Sixth-day afternoon, Fourth month

center where the attraction is strongest. 5th, at 3 o'clock. LYDIA H. HALL,

Hence it is that some who profess the Clerk of Committee. Christian religion, nevertheless, appear as eager

after eorthly riches as though “ gain was godli. Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of ness." rather than “ godliness the greater gain," the Freedmen will meet at Race St. Monthly Meeting Room, on Fourth-day evening, Fourth month 3d, at

as testiäed by one truly enlightened in the 8 o'clock. Those feeling an interest in tbis class of

Christian faith. our citizens are invited.

But those who have been regenerated and J. M. Ellis,

brought into that heavenly state in which is ANNE COOPER,

realized that holy communion and fellowship

of spirit which truly is with the Father and the For Friends' Intelligencer.

Son, with the holy angels, and one with A FREEDMEN'S EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY.

apother, in the overflowings of Divine loreExtract from a letter received from one of the Teachers

in which they find it to be as their meat and of Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of their driok to do the will of their Heareply the Freedmen.

Father-such can no more feel satisfied with Capt. Smith and I have been getting up a mere earthly toys, and those things which per. Society. It is called the Leesburg Freedinen's perish with the using, than the most fastidious Educational Society; it is for the general im- appetite can be satisfied to feed upon the carprovement of their race and condition, and is cass so eagerly devoured by the eagle. governed by a Constitution and By-Laws. We As, on the one hand, it is impossible for bave now forty-one members. Every one pays those wbo trust in earthly riches [while in twenty-five cents when he or she is initiated, such a state] to enter into the “ kingdom of and twenty five cents each month. Oue object heaven," so, on the other band, it is equally in getting up this Society is to teach tbem how impossible for those who have progressed in to elect officers and how to vote. The Society spiritual things, until they are really in that is presided over by a President ; we also have a blessed state denominated the “ kingdom of Vice-President, a Treasurer, a Board of Mana- Heaven;" to feel that grasping desire for

gers and I act as Secretary.We meet on the earthly riches so apparent in the world, or even first Second-day in every month. The money I desire to hold fast to their earthly treasure bewhich is paid goes to defray the expenses in. Iyond their real wants, when there are so many, curred in school and meeting, to furnish wood, as good by pature as themselves, who suffer for lights, or seats, desks, etc.

the want of a little help. I expect to close my night school shortly : Once think of the millions in the Souththen I shall meet the people one evening in the who have not only suffered the want of food and week, to read to them; therefore I bore if any | raiment pecessary for the comfort of the body, of you meet with anything you think would be but who also suffer for the want of mental cul. good for me to read to them that you will send ture—then if you who bold the surplus wealth it to me. I received several numbers of the can see nothing to do, be assured that it is only “Standard," but they have stopped coming. because the "god of this world” has blinded The article, “Chicago," in the March number | your eyes. of the Atlantic Monthly, I like very in uch, and

It is said, and no doubt truly, that the Pope I intend to read it to them, not all at once : 1 of Rome bas ordered that the Freedmen of the want them to give some portion of the evening South must be cared for by the Catholic to conversation. I think it will be good for Church, and means taken to educate and bring them to meet thus socially. What dost thou them under the influence of their religion. or the members of the Association think of it? I cannot doubt the truth of this statement; Criticise it and give me your opinion. I want for since it was published, I have attended the to do great things for these people, and I hope | Catholic Church* held in the meeting-house I may be directed in the right way.

* We are informed that the number of Friends at Thy friend,

Battle Creek had become so reduced tbat the meetC. THOMAS.

ing-house was sold to tbe members of the Catholic · Leesburg, Va.

Church.--Eps

built by the Society of Friends in this place,

SELECTION. where I heard the document read, as recently

FROM THE WRITINGS OF ALIC: B. HAVEN, put forth by their council of bishops at Balti. Shut out the sunlight from the room, more, in which the “ Freedmen of the South". I cannot bear its splendor, were specially named as an important field of Wbile tears for one so young, so true, labor for the Catholic Church, and that“religion

A mournful tribute render. should not be regarded as of less importance

I'm thinking of that silent hour than aritbmetic."

When last she smiled a blessing Now, while I rejoice that those who have so

To the young children at her side,

Who came with sweet caressing. long been in cruel bondage are likely to be cared for, yet it is but natural that we should

When eyes of love beheld in her ask, “Is the Papal religion better than ours ?”

The sum of earthly treasure,

And a manly heart thanked God who gave If it is, then we had all better join that church.

Such gladness in such measure. But if ours is best, then certainly it is better

Ah me, how dark that pleasant room for the Freedmen to be educated under our in

Where now her form is lying! fluence.

The langhter has to wailing changed, To me, this appears like a practical question. The smiles give place to sigbing. The Society of Friends have their teachers in The little ones with linked bands, the field already; and if we carelessly yield And voices low with weeping, the field through fear of being called on to give Come sostly to the narrow couch some of our surplus wealth, may we not fear

To see their mother sleeping. the fullment of that prophetic vision of They wonder at the rigid form, Joseph Hoag, in 1802, in which he says he saw

Death's icy touch revealing, [after the overthrow of slavery] “a monarchy

And ask why still the beavy lids establish a national religion, making all tribu-.

Her soft eyes are concealing. tary to its support; taking property from the

No pressure answers from the lips

Tbat in beir childish error Society of Friends to a large amount, &o.

They foudly kiss, then shrink away Those who live to see such a time may then With new and pameless terror. look back with shame and regret, if they now

Her bands are folded on her breast, with hold the means to secure a better influence ;

Yet, in their silent clasping, especially if they should then see the Catho There seems a prayer for those she leaves, lio power sustained by the votes, and perhaps Comfort and guidance asking. by force of arms, in the hands of colored men in Accept the token while ye weep, the South, as the result of the present Catholic And stricken bearts are throbbing; efforts and our neglect. Then let us be evgaged She goeth calmıly unto rest, to discharge faithlully our own duty; for if we

The grave of terror robbing. withhold more than is meet, we may find it To her the dusky gate of death tends to povery," both in temporal and spirit

13 now no fearful portal, ual things."

Earth's keenest pangs are all forgot A portion of the Society of Friends have

In joys of life immortal. done nobly; but why should any of us withbold the mite which ought to be cheerfully

The Ancient Fame and Impending Perils of given in so good a cause ? . N. P. the Profession of Law were the subjects of an Battle Creek, Mich., 2d mo. 14th, 1867. address delivered by Dr. Morgan Dix, Rector of

“Trinity Church,” N. Y., before the Graduating REST AND PEACE IN TRUTI.

Class of the Law School of Columbia College. I do not ask, oh Lord, that thou shouldst shed, Full radiance here;

The following abstract is taken from the Gire but a ray of peace, that I may tread, Ledger of this city. As some of our young Witbout a fear.

friends are disposed to make Law their study, I do not ask my cross to understand, My way to see

we would commend to their potice the counsel Better in darkness just to feel Thy band, of Dr. Dix to the young Lawyer.-Eds.

And follow Thee.
Joy is like restless day; but peace divine,

THE CONSCIENTIOUS LAWYER.
Like quiet nigbt:

1 A glance at the history of the legal profesLead me, O Lord,-till perfect day shall shine, - Ision will be certain to inspire for it respect. Al Through peace, to light.

though, when Egypt was in her dotage, Diodorus -A. A. Procter.

".. Siculus tells us that the advocate's profession We should feel sorrow, but not sink under was proscribed, because it was thought he its oppression. The heart of a wise man should darkened counsel and hindered the execution resemble a mirror, which reflucts every object of justice, yet io Phænicia, Greece and Rome without being sullied by any.

Tlaw schools were established, and the succession

of them at Berytus, Rome, Constantinople, Sala.' tenance" and "champerty” are pot now in manca, Bologna and Paris, bave handed down New York, as they were in Blackstone's time, a succession of principles to our own day that offences against law. While these are dangers, show how essentially all advances in justice and it may well be doubted if there ever was an age civilization have been based upon a profound in which the moral character of the bar as a study of positive law. The future grows out whole stood higher, or so high; and if any one of the past, and it is only by the diligent com- will look through such a work as Hoffman's preheosion of all that has been done to protect Course of Legal Study, he will see what the right against wrong that future progress can be studies and pursuits of a true lawyer always attained. In the literature of international law ought to lead him to become, and often do. this is still more evident. There was no such The qualities which Dr. Dix coupsels the thing really as a book upon international law young lawyer to cultivate are such as these : under the Greeks and Romans. It is the off -First, Unselfishness—the covetousness of spring of a more advanced study of law. Fran- wealth being that which, more than anything ciscus, at the University of Salamanca, held else, defiles the inner man of the heart. Second, that nations cannot make war on each other A high sense of Ilonor-since the counsellor without just cause or merely for the sake of should be such a man that if we place ourselves getting their territory, and that every pation in his hands we may trust him as long as sun has a right to its own religious worship, and and moon endures, and feel that so far as it rests that a conquered people cannot be made slaves, with him to secure them we are safe. Third, even though they bc pagans. Here was the Conscientiousness; no mad may lie to save himself beginning of the whole modero system of inter- from the punishment due to his crimes, nor try national law.

to put his sin at another door. Such limitations “ Could any profession have made for itself also constrain his counsel. But beyond them be such a history," asks Dr. Dix, “ unless its priu. I is to spare no pains in the defence. If guilty, ciples and aims were sound and true, and its re- he is to be legally proved so. Nor may his counlations to manhood necessary and beneficent ?'' sel abandon him by throwing up his brief, or Surely not. What, then, was the idea, and wbat avowing his belief in his guilt until it bas been is still the idea, which forms the root of all this so proved. There is a close affinity in the aim growth? It is that of the defence of the op- and means of the lawyer and the minister. They pressed, the advocacy of the weak, and the con- both unfold that law which is the thought and viction and exposure of the guilty. Liberty Will of God. The minister deals with the Di. consists in bciog freed from the wrong which vine law, as well natural as positive, with printhe lawless might inflict, and in being kept se- ciples recognized by reason alupe, and with the cure in the enjoyment of life, of limb and of procepts derived from revelation. The advocate possessions. These are the ends which law is deals with the positive laws of inepdendent to secure, and the place of the advocate is at States, but at last all laws eod in one Will, one the side of his fellow-man when that man is op- Spirit, one Intelligence, one Being. pressed with wrong, assailed by the unjust or Counsels such as these by the Rector of threateoed with loss of goods or fame or life. Tricity will do extensive good to large classes. The prosecutor must confront the transgressor and stop bis destructive career. Originally their

THE ABUSE OF NAMES. labors were held beyond price; what they did The following is from the “ Evening Bulletin. was not for hire. Gratitude ofteo impelled the The « absurd fashion " is creeping in, or rather client to pay, but such recompense was called an “honorarium," and not a thing of legalcharge galloping in, amongst Friends, and possibly an or obligation ; and in 1583 the whole Paris bar outside rebuke may do no harm : rose in protest against an ordinance by which Nicknames will be used just so long as manthey were required to make out bills and sign kind exists, and just so long as those to whom receipts for fees. They said their services were they are applied have marked peculiarities of pot to be estimated by a money value.

character or person, who elicit terms of en. One of the dangers of the profession now is, dearment, or who have names that may be that maoy men seek the law simply as a means shortened with convenience. Andrew will be of growing rich by getting practice any and called “ Andy” as long as there are any Anevery way. In the midst of the money greed drews to be nicknamed; Jeremiah will be shortand selfishness morals decline, the sense of honeped into “ Jerry," and William into “ Bill”. or sinks. Anciently, from the time of Constan. so long as there is a Jeremiah or a William in tine, the practice of taking cases on shares was existence. But it does not follow that these prohibited. Another danger is because counsel dames should become proper handles to honest use language to each other, uvrebuked in courts, surnames, and that boys should be christened not fit for gentlemen. The judiciary is, to some by the nicknames of their fathers. extent, demoralized by party politics. “Main- I ' A fashion that is about as absurd as this would be, has come into uge of late in certain | Upoo examination, only two shells were obcircles, and the rising generation will blush for taided amid a mass of thousands of a fossilized the folly of their progenitors when they grow grain, supposed by Dr. Joseph Leidy, of Philaolder and wiser. It is not practised so much in dolphia, to be frog spawo, though closely rethe naming of boys, but in respect to girls it sembling cherry stones. In this mass were found has rup to the extreme of sentimental silliness. bones of several distinct animals, in a most Thus girls, instead of being baptized with such singular state of preservation-forming a persensible, old-fashioned Dames as Matilda, Char- fect mosaic, not in the limestone, but in the lotte, Margaret or Sarah, are christened “Tillie" stalagınitic rock, although at first appearance " Lottie," “ Maggie ” and “Saidie.” Ellen incorporated in the limestone. On application dwindles into “Ellie;" Susan shrinks into of a crowbar, a large mass was detached, show. "Susie;" Caroline is made ridiculous by being ing the stalagmitic formation. Among the bones, cut down to “ Livie ;" Emma becomes insipid beautifully preserved in the hard rock, Dr. in “ Emmie;" and, most wretched of all, the Leidy has recognized those of the deer, (Cervus beautiful name of Mary is frittered away in Virginianus,) the bat, and other birds, together " Mamie." This nicknaming would be all very with numerous fragments not determined. Mr. well if in its use it was confined to the family I. N. Carpenter, of Easton, who has known the circle ; but such names are given permanently region for many years, recollects that just fifiy to children, and the future wives and mothers two years ago his father killed the only deer of the land figure in every advertised list of let-known to visit those parts, although they are ters, and in every school examination, as“ Lid-frequent in Pokono mountains, forty or fifty ies," " Susies," and ". Saidies.” Think of the miles westward. The inclemency of the weathwife and mother of the Father of his Country er has prevented further examination, but christened by the names of “Mamie” and among other bones are those of animals much " Marthie,” and of the mother baptizing the stronger than the deer, together with some so future hero and statesman as “Georgie”! The closely resembling parts of a human skeleton first Napoleon would bave remained a bachelor that they have been so pronounced by profesforever, had his first wife been named “ Josie,” sional authority here. The former specimens and he wonld not have troubled an Archduch. have been removed to the College Cabinet, bus ess of Austria to take the place of the discarded the determination of the latter must await a Enpres«, had she been named “ Mindie Louie," more favorable season, as the face of the rock 18. instead of plain and sensible Maria Louisa. I entirely exposed to the weather. The breccia,

This sickly sentimentalism is about as foolish so far recovered, was about twenty feet below as the poetic lucubratioos of bereaved fathers the surface. and mothers, who inform an unappreciative It is possible that, although the remains apworld that " dearest Johnny" has left them, or pear at so great a depth in the cave, they were that the skill of physicians was unayailing to deposited there from the surface of the ground, save " Billy" from the fatal consequences of entering a crevasse which was distinctly traced the sore afflictions which he had borde so long. some thirty or forty feet along the face of the But misoaming a child sticks to him or her for rock to the surface, and explaining why these ever; and while the obituary nonsense which ac. remains were never noticed until the workmen companies the record of death is soon forgotten, opened upon them in the rock. This crevasse a sensible woman, with a foolish nickname, has might easily have formed a trap or pit, esa an ever-present reminder of the silliness of her pecially in enowy days, into which animals pareots, and a source of continual annoyance to might have falled and remained. This is tbe herself.

more likely from the appearance of fossilized

vegetable remains mingled with the bones.INTERESTING DISCOVERY.

Easton Evening. Express. An interesting discovery of stalagmitic bone In addition to the above, Professor Osborn in breccia bas lately been made by Professor Os- a note to us remarks : bora, of Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylva- “If these bones were at the bottom of a fisnis, in a cave opposite Riegelsville, Pennsylva. sure, which all seem to think proven, may not aia. The cave is near Lillie's Safe Foundry, the mingled human and ancient fossils, supposed and it is for the Furnace at the latter place to militate against the scriptural age of man, that the workmen have been, for a long time, have met under the same circumstances ? fossil quarrying limestone from the entrance. For deposited first, then the human bones become more than fifty years the cave has been the re- commipgled afterward, and not deposited at the sort of visitors, and somewhat of a history of the same time."-Els. Pres. place can therefore be traced. Professor Osborn's attention was directed to

ANNIHILATION. the place by the rumor that the workmen had. It is ascertained, and is capable of the olearracovered socke shells in the solid limestone. I est proofs, that the simple elements of which all substances is composed, cannot, by any conceiv. I thereto, as reported in the Newark Advertiser, able means, be destroyed. They may indeed cannot fail to interest all parties, and especially be so changed as to present pot the least resem- those who would protect the birds, as the fruitblance to their previous forms; they may be so growers' co-workers, notwithstanding they eat mingled with other bodies that their identity some fruit, for, it should be remembered that cappot be traced; they may be dissipated into they feed more or less on insects and their larva the ip visible vapor, and be apparently annihi. for many months of the year, while it is com. lated; but we learn from the science of chemistry paratively a short space of time that they peck that, in every shape, the same elements remain at fruits of the different species and various ipextinguishable and unaltered. The pheno varieties. Would it not be better to employ mena of solutions afford some of the most obvi. persons for a few days to keep them away from ous illustrations of complete change prodoced fruit plots, than to engage in their indisin bodies without causing their andibilation. If criminate destruction ? So it seems to many who a piece of silver be immersed in diluted pitre, have considered this matter in the light of ruin a short time the silver will be entirely dis. ral and horticultural economy. . solved. Its hardness, its lastre, its tenacity, of the Baltimore Oriole, that beautiful bird its specific gravity, all the characteristics which and charming soogster, Dr. Trimble said," they distinguish it as a metal, are gone. Its very form are becoming numerous, and when they first bas vanished, and the hard, splendid, ponder- arrive they feed on leaf-curling caterpillars, 80 ous, opaque metal, which, a few minutes before, injurious to fruit and ornamental trers and was immersed in the mixture, is apparently an.shrubs; also upon the canker worm, that dedibilated. The liquid, however, remains as lim- structive pest, and later in the season upon the pid as before ; it presents no difference in appear-drop-worm. He stated tbat by the aid of the ance to indicate a change. What, then, has be- microscope he had been able to prove positively come of the solid piece of silver which was that the orioles feed upon that terrible enemy placed in the liquid ? Must we conclude that of the fruit-grower—the curculio ; that a small it is annihilated ? Put some pieces of copper portion of a head, supposed to be that of a curinto the solution, and the silver will reappear, culio, was found amongst the comminuted conand fall to the bottom of the glass in small, tents of the crop of one of these birds, and the brilliant metallic crystals.--Though solution is microscope enabled bim to count the 147 lenses one of the simplest processes of nature, the in one of the eyes—the exact number known limited faculties of man will not permit bim to to make the eye of this particular species of comprebend the mode in which it operates. curculio. There is not one phenomenon of nature that the | The Downy Woodpecker is one of the most mind of man can fully comprehend, and after valuable of all the birds of our country. It pursuing the inquiry as far as the mental capa-knows where to find, and is busy in searching out, eity will admit, he is obliged to confess that the apple-worm- the second in importance of the tbere is an operating power beyond the reach ideect-enemies, which, with the curculio are the of his comprehension.- The Moravian. chief cause of the ruin of the fruit business,

especially in our State. RURAL MISCELLANY.

The Little Chick-a-dee also feeds upon the What Dr. Trimble says of Birds. Those of apple-worm, but finds it accidentally, and not our gardeners, and especially the fruit-growers, by boring for it, as does the downy wood pecker. who lately listened to the reading of Prof. Rus- The Cedar Bird, sometimes called the Cherry sell's report on birds at a meeting of the Massa- Bird, (Canker Bird) said the Doctor, is a gross chusetts Horticultural Society, cannot fail of feeder, consumes immense dumbers of canker being interested in the following extracts from worms, and of injurious ipsects. This bird and an address which Dr. Trimble, of Newark, New the yellow bird, or finch, resemble each other Jersey, lately delivered on the value of insec- in one respect, both remaining in flocks till tivorous and frugivorous birds, both to gardeners midsummer, and áre tbus on hand in great and farmers. It is more important that this sub- numbers when their services are most required; ject should now be considered, as it is rumored while most other birds are at home attending to that an effort will be made to persuade the pres- their domestic duties. The cedar birds are found ent legislators to modify or repeal the law for in New York and Philadelphia in large flocks the protection of birds. While some are anxi- in June, after the worms, and if they could be ous to have this done, others are equally desir- properly protected by closing the parks, so that ous that the law should remain and be strictly they should not be frightened away by the peoenforced.

ple, they would do much towards ridding those Dr. Trimble haring made the subject of birds cities of these pests. The yellow birds, in im. and insects as they relate to the garden and orch-mense flocks, are found in wheat fields where the ard a matter of special study and observation, midge is so destructive. They are in pursuit of the following extracts from his address in relation the larvæ of these flies in the heads of the wheat,

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