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My heart flows in gratitude to the fountain of one of old, even to the mothers in Israel, good, in remembering all that He wrought for "Except thou go with me, I will not go down;" our dear E.; for truly the Lord was with hirr, aod the answer to such must be expected to whatever were his snares or infirmities in comprove not altogether to their honor: for such mon with many of us; my prayer is, “ let my look too much to the poor prophetess, intead of last end be like his ;” let me only get to the diligently setting themselves about their own end of this appointed warfare safely as he has ! business,—which is, indeed, to fight the good There is a blessing upon those who hold fast fight of faith. The example of dedication set the beginning of their confidence in the Lord by many in Cornwall, oftentimes refreshes me; steadfast to the end; who mourn not as those and the more I think of them in this way, the that have no hope : for as certainly as he who more I long that they may “abound more and is taken from us, hath “received the end of more ;" for yet these many privileges and surely his hope, even the salvation of his soul," so in gracious visitations, are to be improved accorddue season they also shall surely reap, who ingly. faint not; their tribulation will work patience; I may now tell thee how wonderfully the and though they cannot as yet go to him, yet those Lord's mercy has encompassed me about, and who follow the Lamb withersoever He goeth, his aid been afforded me in every hour of need; after their measure and testimony for Him is enabling me to do, I trust, his will in some Elled up, we well know, will have of Him a small measure, while in this awful engagement place prepared for them.-Wberefore the lan- of visiting the churches in the love of the guage runs in me, “let not your hearts be great Head thereof. O! my heart overflows, troubled, neither let them be afraid.” My when I think how great has been the conde. mind is often raised secretly in supplication, scension vouchsafed; whereby preservation has that this dispensation may prove the raising been hitherto known in good degree from the deof some from their grave in a spiritual sense, vices of the enemy, and under all the discourageto glorify the God of their lives, (in whose ments and provings of the day, which are very hands their very breath is,) both in body, soul many; yea, strength has been known at times and spirit. For the Lord hath spoken to them boldly and largely to advocate the good and by bis servants as yet ruuch in vain; and he hath great cause, and to testify of that grace by now given them a sign and token of what He which we must be saved through faith in its can do, by even snatchióg them from the operation in the soul. I have been at all the earth, it may be in anger and not in mercy, meetings in Scotland, and at several of them uoless they : repent and turn speedily, yea more than once, and have taken some others wholly unto Him.
both in going and returning: they have genI have been to the meetings in Scotland erally been to my great relief and comfort, and with certificate. The Good Master is tender to I trust, lasting benefit; so that my soul is in me a poor creature; and while sufficient strength degres qualified to utter the language, — 0! seems to come in every needful bour, I have how great is Thy goodness, which thou hast nothing to spare, being borne along through laid up for them that desire to fear, serve, suffer heavy conflicts and deep baptisms.
for, and trust in Thee !' How thankful ought J. B.
we to be, dear friend, for all the mercies still To L. C.
handed to us, even day by day; and O! how WELLINGBOROUGA, 3d of Teoth Montb, 1826.
ought we to walk before Him, who thus deals My Dear Friend,-Truly the feeling of love with us ! towards my many dear friends in Corowall is [He returned home the 6th of Tenth Month, so expanded, that I thought it nearly impossi- 1826, having attended the meetings in Cumble to confine my address to any one in partic- berland, York Quarterly Meeting, and some ular; thence discouragement ensued,-general meetings in Northamptonshire.] epistles being much out of date now-a-days. But 0! how often do I think of some in particular in your district; yet longing for the
THOUGHTS. preservation, yea, the grow:h of all. What a noble company is the Captain of our salvation I cannot but pity the man who recognịzes seeking to gaiher; how glorious would be his nothing godlike in his own nature.... I see the arising among you, designed indeed to form marks of God in the heavens and the earth, but part of his "army with banners,” and called how much more in a liberal intellect, in magnadto be more than conquerors through Him. imity, in unconquerable rectitude, in a philanThe Lord remains to be to his devoted ser- thropy which forgives every wrong, and which vants the same yesterday, to day, and for ever, never despairs of the cause of Christ and huunless they withdraw from his service: the man virtues! I do, and I must reverence bu-, Lamb and his followers shall now, as ever, have man nature. Neither the speers of a worldly the victory. But some are ready to say with skepticism, nor the groans of a gloomy theolocy,
(To be continued.)
disturb my faith in its godlike powers and teo can render available the treasures of wisdom dencies. I know how it is despis: d, bow it has they contain. It must be acknowledged, howbeen oppressed, how civil and religious estab. ever, that there are in the Society many heads lishments have for ages conspired to crush it. of families, who, from indifference or some other I know its history, I shut my eyes on none of cause, do not comply with these advices Their its weaknesses and crimes I understand the children grow up without the acquisition of proofs by which despotism demonstrates that scriptural knowledge, except what they hear man is a wild beast, in want of a master, and from the lips of ministers in our meetings for only safe in chains. But, injured, trampled on, worship. It is evident that some parents do not and scorned as our pature is, I still turn to it feel a religious concern on this subject, and with intense sympathy and strong hope. The sig. probably others, who at times feel it, do not act natures of its origin and its end are impressed tuo upon it, from an apprehension that they are not deeply to be ever wholly effaced. I bless it for qualified for so grave an undertaking. How is its kind affections, for its strong and tender this concern, which has so often been felt in love. I honor it for its struggles against op our Yearly Meetings, to be carried out id pricpression, for its growth and progress under the tice? There appears to be no other way than weight of so many chains and prejudices, for its for those who have the welfare of the Society at achievements in science and art, and still more heart, who believe the Scriptures are “profitafor its examples of heroio and saintly virtue. ble for doctrine, for reproot, for correction, for These are marks of a divine origin, and the instruction in righteousness, that the man of pledges of a celestial inheritance; and I thank God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto God that my own lot is bound up with that of the all good works,” to make an effort to supply human race.
the deficiencies of parents, and to bring to bear
upon this concern the stimulus that results from For Friends' Intelligencer.
associated action. There is a debt due from FIRST-DAY SCHOOLS.
the Society to its juvenile members; if we exFor some years past there has been a grow. pect them to bear our testimonies, we must ining concern in several branches of our Society struct them in our principles. We must show in relation to the religious training and instruc. thew by example and precept that true religiou tion of our junior inembers; and in many miods is not stern and repulsive, but genial, attrac. it has been accompanied by a consciousness that, tive and consoling. as a body, we are not performing our whole Let us not be so fearful of forms, which may duty to this interesting class. This has led, in possibly become lifeless, as to remain inactive some places, to the establishment of First-day when opportunities for usefulness are 'prised ted Schools for the teaching of children in scripto- and the impulse to do good is felt within as. ral knowledge, and of Bible classes in which there should be no idlers in the churen of persons of both sexes and various ages meet for Christ; but there is a diversity of gifts adapted mutual instruction.
to different fields of labor. Some are called to We have reason to believe that in the early preach the gospel; others to instruct the youny, days of the Society, no people were so thoroughly to educate the ignorant, to elevate the degraded, acquainted with the Soriptures as Friends, for to visit the sick, or to console the afflicted. By we find in their writings a continual reference helping others we help ourselves; for every to them, and it appears that in their public effort to do good, arising from a pure impulse, ministry and in their controversies they brought will have its reward;" He that reapeth receiveth an abundance of scriptural testimony to prove wages, and gathereth fruit uoto lite eternal.” their doctrines. They were members by con- Our religious Society has always set a bigh vincement, and, like the noble Bereans, they value upon the Scriptures, as a means supplied “received the word with all readiness of mind, by Divine Providence to afford instruction in and searched the Scriptures daily whether those the way of holiness ; placing them, however, in things were so." Their successors have gen- subordination to the teachings of the Holy erally been less earnest and devotional, as has Spirit, from which they derive all their efficacy. been the case in the experience of other religi. An English author, writing on “The Education ous organizations, and one of the consequences of the World," says, “ Had the Bible been of this declension in zeal has been a less assidu- drawn up in precise statements of faith, or deous study of the sacred volume.
tailed precepts of conduct, we should bave had In order to remedy this acknowledged defect, do alternative, but either permanent subjection the Yearly Meetings of Friends have for many to an outer law, or loss of the highest instruyears past very frequently sent down advices to ment of self-education. But the Bible from its the subordinate meetings, enjoining upon the very form is exactly adapted to our present members more atlection to the reading of the want. It is a history ; even the doctrinal parts Scriptures in their faunifies, as well as more prac of it are cast io a historical form, and are best tical reliance upon the spirit of truth, which alone I studied by considering them as records of the
time at which they were written, and as con- ing off with her plow op her shoulder, and once veying to us the highest and greatest religious I saw a man carrying two plows); and when åt life of that time. Hence we use the Bible-work he walks not behind, but at the side, and some consciously, some unconsciously-Dot to guides it with one hand by its single upright override, but to evoke the voice of conscience." bandle. In the other hand he carries a long
It must, we presume, be admitted by all, that pole, with an iron “prick” on one end, to urge no other book has had so great and salutary an his oxen on-(Acts ix. 5)—and a flat iron on influence in the education of the most enlight the other, to scrape the dirt occasionally from ened nations; and could it now be blotted out the plow. Our route was through many narrow and lost to the world, an incalculable injury gorges, in one of which we came upon the site would be sustained. Taking this view of the of Abila, the capital of the district of Abilane sobject, which few will controvert, and remem. (Luke iii. 2), in the Wady Barada. The ruins bering moreover the literary merits of that consisted of a few broken columns, some tombs greatest work of antiquity, we must consider bewn in the side of the mountain, and the rethat person who is not well acquainted with its mains of a road cut in part through the solid contents as very imperfectly educated.
rock to the depth of twenty feet by the Emperor Looking at this subject in & rational point of Marcus Aurelius, A.D. 164. The villages along view, it appears really astonishing that so many our way were of a very poor description, the who live in a Christian land should be well in-houses being of small stone and mud, eight or structed in heathen mythology, through the ten feet bigh, close together, with flat earthclassic authors of Greece and Rome, and yet roofs, continuous from one end of the village to almost unacquainted with that book which con- the other, and without windows usually. The tains the recorded experience of the holy men gardens and houses had a curious wooden lock of old, the precepts of the Son of God, and the on doors and gates, that I shook and rattled, but writings of his apostles.
could not opeu, while I could see no reason for So far as this deficiency is chargeable to the the wooden slide remaining fixed. Dr. Thompmembers of our religious Society, we trust that son's “ Land and Book” explains the mystery. it will be remedied, and that measures will be There was a hole by the lock, through which taken by those who feel a concern on the sub- to put in the hand with a key to unlock it, as ject, to supply the neglect of parents in the in Solomon's Song, v. 4. At Aio Fiji we came religious training of their children.
to a most beautiful and romantic glen, where the We look upon the movement already begun principal source of the Pharphar of Scripture as an evidence of spiritual life,-an awakening bursts out copiously at the base of the mounof in terest in heavenly things ; and we earnestly tain, making at once a stream twenty or thirty desire that it may be so guided and regulated feet wide, of the purest water. Above the rock by the Shepherd of Israel, that the sheep of his under which the water issues is a small temple, pasture may be fed and the lambs of his flock and another a few feet distant by its side. Both gathered.
S. M. J. are built in massive style, with thick walls
and large stones, and are supposed to be very BAALBEK TO DAMASCUS.
ancient, or not less than 2,000 or 2,500 BY W. W. PATTOV, CHICAGO, ILL.
years old. As we drew towards Damascus the The road from Baalbek to Damascus carried strata of limestone rock were much contorted, us across the anti- Lebanon range, winding in and at last the mountains assumed a chalky apand out along its valleys, and up and down its pearance. Hermon stood out in bolder relief to separate mountains. The scenery was bolder the south, with a fine cap of snow upon the sumthan any that we met in crossing Lebanon from mit. Then we ascended a hight, with a monuBeirut. Occasional showers by day, and a heav- mental tomb, or wely, on the top, and Damascus, ier fall of rain at night, told us that the rainy in all its far-fı med beauty, was at our feet. The season bad commenced, and called into use our view from that hill top has been noted for ages, india-rubber overcoats and leggings. I noticed and certainly it is not exceeded by many views single cedars occasionally, one of which was four the world over. Damascus is on a level plaio, feet in diameter near the ground. The soil in immediately at the base, and the eye takes in the valleys and on the mountain-sides was every. the city, with its minarets, embosoined in garwhere put to use, being rich, though very stony. dens, which spread out for miles on every side, The plows in this region are entirely of wood, owing to the irrigation of the river Barada, the and amount to very little more than a pointed ancient Pharphar, which Naaman preferred to erooked branch, which makes a scratch in the all the rivers of Israel
. At this season, the lonse eartb four incbes deep. The plows are vast plain beyond these gardens was dry and drawn by all sorts of animals in Syria-horses brown, being parched by the summer's heat, (rarely), camels, oxen, cows, and donkeys, single and thus the contrast was more marked between or in couples. The plowman in the morning this green oasis, embosomiog a city, and the shoulders his plow (I once saw a women start- surrounding desert. Then beyond the broad
expanse rose mountain peaks in every direction, dently been cut on an unoccupied place on the clearly visible at a distance of from twenty to lintel, after the building passed from heathen forty miles, giving a horizon of noble character. to Christian bands, and it is singular that MoMuch of the beauty of Damascus, as of all other hammedans have allowed it to remain. Buu Oriental cities, vanishes on approach. The gar- there it is, in hope of a better day. dens look ragged and untidy when near at hand, There are many Jews in the city now, as in and are beautiful simply because trees and Paul's day. I visited their quarter to see the shrubs are always beautiful, and not because in interior of a house. It was on a Saturday afterdustry and skill have done much for or with poon, and the females were in their best cogthem. And then the architecture, that had tume, in the streets and in the doorways. The such an airy and romantic appearance afar, younger ones were rather handsome, and all proves to be cheap, and tawdry, and ruinous. were richly and gayly dressed, with their dressThe houses are dull-looking without, having few es marvelously open at the top, making a full windows, and those covered with lattice work display, such as explained the language of Sulo-the dependence for light being on the inner mon's Song, vii. 3, and viii. 10. I did not omit court. Step through the doorway into these, to walk through “the street which is called and the scene changes instantly. Thus we dis- Straight.” and which still bears that name, mounted at the hotel of the " Universe,") stooped and deserves it, in comparison with the streets to get through the low door, walked on a few in general, there and in all Eastern cities. Thinksteps, and were in a court of Oriental beauty. ing of Paul, as I rode and walked about the Two fountains gave forth their little streams, city, I was not a little pleased to observe houses a small pond was filled with gold fish, lemon built directly upon the outer wall, and having and citron trees hung full of fruit, and a raised a window through which one could easily be let divan, with cushions, invited us to rest. Damas- down by a rope, either in a basket, like the aposcus is noted for the interior splendor of its bet- tle, or otherwise. As I passed the Lord's day ter class of dwellings, which have their courts in Damascus, my mind was much filled with paved with marble, and rooms opening upon the thought that here Paul was converted and them, with walls inlaid with marble slabs and first preached the Gospel, beginning that wonpilasters, and adorned with gilding, and contain drous career whose influence has affected the ing highly ornamental furniture. The good taste entire world, and will do so to even a greater exof all this adornment is another matter. Orient- tent hereafter. Alas, there are but few traces als and Occidentals will hardly agree in that of his labors there now. The city is most bigotrespect. We do not believe in so much glitter edly Mohammedan! There is a mission sustained and tinsel; and they do. The bazaars of Da- l by the Scotch and Irish Presbyterians, and mascus are very extensive and curious. The I had a very pleasant interview with Rev. trades occupy their respective portions along the Messrs. Robson and Wright. Damascus is full parrow, dings, and dark passages, and the vari- of odd sights and curious objects. In the street ous mechanics and tradesmen may be seen at Straight was a Mohammedan school, in a room their occupations in little seven-by-nine shops; 15 or 18 feet square. The teacher, in his turban, those at work, sitting down to it on the floor, sat squatted on the floor, with an Arabic bo k and those waiting for a customer, in the same before him. The boys, about thirty in pumber, posture amid their wares, with a resigned and sat in a similar manner around, as thickly as placid expression upon their faces. Damascus possible. He and they were all talking at once, is not yet affected by European ideas, and as and the clamor was quite deafening. As they one of the oldest cities mentioned in history spoke they moved their bodies to and fro like (Abraham's servant Eliazer having been born so many weavers. The scene was very amusing, there) keeps on in its ancient ways. The dogs and precisely the same each time we passed. To are as lean and numerous as in Constantinople, one of the principal streets is a huge plane tree, and barked at us furiously, knowing that we were in perfect vigor, that measures forty feet in á set of “infidel dogs,” according to Moham. girth ; and another just in the suburbs, and medan potions. The grand mosque contains hollow within, is used now as a shop, and was some very fine Corinthian columns around its formely a custom house office for the road leadcourt, stolen from some ruin, of course, and was ing out of the city on that side.
At the postpreviously a Christian church, and before that office a man sat with a basket of letters at his a heathen temple. A singular proof that it once feet, and each person who came in looked them had a Christian use I saw with my own eyes. all over and selected bis own! But my sbeet is For, ascending to the roof of a neighboring full, and I must stop.—Exchange Puper. bazáar, that is built against it, and walking November 5, 1866. along some distance, I found an old gateway, just lifting its upper portion above the bazaar It is ever to be remembered that in Divine roof, and on it an inscription in Greek, ascrib-Grace there is not only light but power. It ing to Christ eternal dominion. This had eri- softens all that is hard, and levels as with the
dust all that is lofty within us. Those, then, who to avoid divorces, Christians become more care are subject to it, will of necessity become tender, ful about their marriages. This was one of the contrite, and lowly in heart.-J. J. Gurney. wonderful and good effects. The Church was
informed of each intended marriage and consult
ed, and the Christian minister pronounced the MARRIAGE AND CHRISTIAN MORALS.
nuptiul benediction in the name of God, and One of the great forces which, after three registered the names of all married thus in the hundred years of conflict, and after every sort church book. This was the origin of marriage, of examination and opposition, placed Christi. being considered not only a civil contract, but anity upon the throne of the Cæsars, was the one religiously blessed. With the heathens all last thing which seemed likely to do so—its was different; there were no registers, and such teachings in regard to marriage, its opposition was the concubinage, the divorce and poylgamy to divorce, polygamy and licentiousness of all and loose connections, that no one knew what kinds. The heathen temples, priests, priestesses, woman was married and who was not, or what worship and mysteries were all connected with children were legitimate. No wife was safe and lusts and abominations so gross that respectable no mother, no husband and no father, except Roman matrons and maidens of high moral only among the Christians. Their marriage was sense could not bear to go near them. The open, registered for life, and sanctioned by the priests and philosophers tolerated and encour- religious community as above reproach. And aged all this to get strong men and rich on their a father could feel sure when he gave away his side, and the religion of the masses became loved daughter to a Christian that it was to a worse and worse. Christianity opposed it all. protector for life, when her beauty was faded This contest began about divorce at pleasure. and he was dead. By degrees the best people The first divorce issued in the Roman Empire wished their children to be thus united, and all was about three hundred years before Christ, viber connections were looked upon, as the when one high in rank and influence publicly Church looked on them, as suspicious, disgracedivorced his wife, just as Napoleon (. divorced ful, and where not real marriages, wrong. This Josephine because she was childless. Hitherto was Christianity. It restored the original law the Romans had fought, and robbed, and mur. of God. This was the great battle it fought for dered, and farmed, but had been madly aod family ties, and it banished paganism and conpure in their domestic relations. But now fol- quered, just as slavery has been banished more lowed, with increasing wealth, ecandalous licen- slowly. tiousness, and the heathen temples encouraged Now, the question is, Will the world ever be it, and the Jewish doctors tolerated divorce about willing to part from this ? One might as well at pleasure on the part of the busband. At last ask the Southern slaves if they will ever wish to powerful wives sometimes divorced weaker hus. re-enact slavery. Revolutions do not move backbands, to ally themselves to more ambitious and ward. Christianity will be better understood successful men. Herod the Great had ten wives, and better lived up to in all future ages, but sore murdered by him, some by the intrigues such a system will never be given up. It has of the various children, and a few divorced. always been just on this ground that the battle His soos and grand-children did worse ; and has bad to be fought between Christianity and Herodias, a grand-daughter, divorced one uncle its focs, practically. Many in youth, therefore, to marry another, i. e., the Herod who behead. from ignorance or error, oppose this religion, ed John and mocked Jesus. Drusilla, another but as men get settled and are fathers and men grand-daughter, divorced two husbands and of weight and respectability they abandon their married Felix.
opposition, because they see how essentially and Now, a hundred years before the first divorce fundamentally Christianity is connected with in Rome, Malachi, the last of the old prophets all the truest and dearest ties of earth-all that in Judea had protested vehemently against di-makes it safe now to give away a daughter in vorce at pleasure, as contrary to natural justice marriage—all that can give a sure and comfortin leaving a wite without comfort in age, when able companionship for old age in the wife of youth and beauty were gone, and leaving the youth. T'ake away the Christian ideas of marchildren without proper education--indeed as a riage and its holy laws, rightly understood, and crime against all right religious feeling, and the there can be no peace for the world. true companionship for age, (ch. 14-16.) John Many persons bring forward the laws of the Baptist, 400 years later, commenced a prac Christianity to disprove and correct loose views tical denunciation agaiost the Herods on this of the relations of the sexes, for it suits both account and lost his head. Jesus announced the ways. But this, though proper enough, is not true idea of marriage, and was crucified, but the the chief object of this article. The point is, Christian Cburch, as Paul's writings show, fixed that Christianity is a true and divine power in bere one of the greatest practical contests with the earth, as is proved by the great victory over the paganism and corruption of the age. Then, man's lower nature, and upon which the whole