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men can do now is to provide books, fuel, and the birthdays of those who have left (the institu-
teachers' board. This they bave done in this tion bas been in existence thirty years) are always
State during the past year. In my judgment noticed at the church, and some account is given
it will not be long before they will be able to of the present condition and prosperity of the
educate themselves. They are certainly not individual. They visit the old homestead
able now. If the Christian philanthropy of our and sometimes make donations. I visited this
country can be made to comprehend the impera- institution on a Sunday, and found the inmates
tive necessity of giving temporary aid, I am sitting in groups under the trees; some were
sure there will be a cheerful and bountiful re. knitting, others differently employed, as if labor
sponse."

was not profane, but all the more laborious oc

cupations were suspended ; several were playing
EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE.

on musical instruments. The school does not
No. 8.
FREE City of HAMBURGH, Sept. 4th.

limit the education, as boys have gone from
There are institutions for the relief of the there to the universities; the languages, es-
humbler poor which are worthy of all imita- pecially English and French, are taught, and
tion ; a model one is the Ryuh Haus. This also every one learns and practices some manual
originated with one individual, who was not labor. The institution is constantly extending
rich, but occupied a litttle one-story cottage in itself; the inmates rise to be teachers and as-
the vicinity of Hamburgh; his family consist- sistants, and are a source of supply to the out-
ing of himself and his mother. He believed side world. A young German girl of above
in the reformation of children by means of twenty-two (whose home is in Neisse, Silesia,
giving them a genial family life, and took three where she supports herself and parents by
wretched little boys into his family to make them teaching German and English) was visiting
happy; he taught them the value of property, there during the eight weeks of her own sum-
by giving them gardens to cultivate and handi. mer vacation, (teaching for her board) in order
crafts by which they could eard an honest liv. thoroughly to see iuto and learn the workings
ing. This humble attempt has developed, so of the institution, hoping in future, after the
success!ully, that now the domain is enlarged death of her parents, to be employed in some
to a farm of many acres, and comprehends a similar way. She very simply expressed that
pond, orchard, trees for ornament, and eighteen life was not worth living, if besides support.
brick buildings (one of three stories), which ing one's self, ore was not doing something
are filled with those who would otherwise have for the universal interests of man.
grown up in the worst conditions and have been very religious, and I learned from her that this
probably morally ruined. This enlargement was an orthodox establishment, and that the
has been owing to the benerolence of others religious life was very much cultivated. But
joining itself to that of the founder and con- they did not seem bigoted, at least they were
tributing either the land or the money to pur. very genial in their intercourse with the mem-
chase it; but the houses have been entirely bers of the Paulsen Stift, a beneficent institu-
built, and the whole affair is now supported by tion of Hamburgh, which is founded on the
the labor of the inmates. They are their own broadest principles of humanity, and whose re-
tailors, shoemakers, bricklayers, carpenters, ligious spirit comprehends Jew and Christian,
spinners, weavers, farmers and gardeners. They and even those who are members of no church,
do not produce enough to sell, but sufficient for believing that the banner of universal humanity
the support of the establishment. There are is the best to act uuder always.
several families, twelve constituting a family, Since writing the above I bave come in con-
and with each resides what is called a house. tact with some ardent members of the Lutheran
brother, or a house sister, according as the in- Church, who though very much bent on doing
mates are male or female. The twelve sleep in good, and who are living, certainly, most dis-
one large hall, the bedsteads, mattrasses, blank- interested and beneficent lives (seeking and sav-
ets, and coverlets being made by themselves; ing those who are lost) are not quite so cordial to
they spin the wool and weave it into clothes. the Paulsen Stift as I think the true Christian
Each family has a common parlor and kitchen. spirit would dictate, which does not forbid mira.
One large brick building contains a convenient cles of good to be done by those who do not follow
wash-house and workshops; another is a church in the train of the persunal Christ. They thus
with schoolrooms attached. New comers go to dishonor the name they love and refuse the
each house in turo, so that no bouse ever bas teachings of the Spirit that cannot come as Je.
more than one stranger in it. There is a great sus saw, till he goes away personally, as be said
demand on the institution for the members as in his last hours: “It is expedient that I go
workmen elsewhere.

away from you, lor unless I go away the comEach family has its individuality, and the forter cannot come, which is the spirit of Truth, peculiarity of the plan is its genial home life. that shall interpret to your minds all things Every birthday is kept with some festivity; and that I have said."

She was

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1

But I must tell you of the Paulsen Stift eight Jewish ladies. Whether this had any effect (Stift means Institution), and this will require in bringing about the emancipation of the Jews, me to go back a little into the history of Ham- I do not know; but when, in 1819, they were burgh. It was not until the year 13 19 that the emancipated by an act of the Government, the Jews were emancipated in Hamburgh ; but the Christian ladies gave a festival to the Jewish city contained a large number of thein, who ladies, initiating the social emancipation and were highly cultivated as well as very rich, and welcoming them to equal rights with them. some by their transcendental philosophy were selves. Mrs. Goldschmidt showed me the emancipated from prejudice. '(I do not mean badge they wore on the occasion, which was a to say tbat all who were rich and cultivated white satin bow, with three verses written on were transcendental, but that many were.) Ione streamer, and hands clapsed in friendship had already ascertained in America, by examin- on the other.

E. P. P. ing their periodicals, that the Jews of modern time had insensibly partaken of the onward

To the Editors of the Friends' Intelligencer : movement of civilization, and were in a wholly The poem here presented for publication in different spirit from that which rejected Christ. your paper is not only valuable for the truths They had been affected by the spirit which he embodied therein, but a reminiscence of an commended to his Father in the last agony: event ever to be remembered by the partici-although they reject his name and misconceive pants with grateful and pleasurable emotions. his personal individuality. Thus the tone of On Second-day evening, the 30th of Ninth their religious jouroal was as liberal and gentle month, most of the teachers employed by our as that of the conservative Unitariaus, who ! " Association for the Aid and Elevation of the also, though in another way, are limited by Freedmen,” with about fifty invited guests, asstill clinging to Him who felt and said, “ It is sembled socially at the home in this city of one expedient that I should go away," and thus are of our liberal and benevolent members, where blinded to the teachings of the Spirit that He truly “a feast of feeling and a flow of soul” said could not come unless he went away a were realized by each one privileged to be pres. doctrine of no sect of Christians except the ent. Quakers. (And do they always live up to it? After partaking with the teachers of the re. Have not some of them gone back from George freshments prepared for the occasion, an hour Fox into the more outward doctrine of reliance or two was spent in conversation, each feeling for salvation upon the historic personality of Je. the holy and elevating influence of minds gov. sus, rather than on the spirit of Cbrist ?) But to erned and led by motives above all selfish go back to the Hamburgh Jews. Mrs Johanne promptings.. Goldschmidt, mother-in-law of Jenny Lind, A short and appropriate address was given was one of these Hamburgh Jews, a highly by L. Mott, in which she alluded to the cheercultivated woman, whose success in the educa. | fulness with which each teacher returned to tion of her children was so marked, that per- her work, feeling it to be no sacrifice, but a gops often asked her for her secret. She wrote privilege, thus to cheer and elevate the droopa book on education, entitled, “ A Mother's Sor. rows and a Mother's Joys," and published it The reading of the following poem closed anonymously. It was read by the distinguished the interesting entertainment.

E. educator Diesterweig, who republished it with

GRADATION. a preface of his own; a circumstance that led

BY DR. G. G. HOLLAND. to an acquaintance and life-long friendship and

Heaven is not reached by a single bound, co-operation with the author. She published

But we build the ladder by which we rise another work (also anonymously) which was a From the lowly earth to the vaulted sk es, correspondence between a Jewess and a noble And we mount to its surroit round by round. lady, upon the wrongs inflicted upon the I count these things to be grandly true, Jews by Christians. This book fell into the

That a noble deed is a step toward Godhands of the oldest sister of Mrs. Carl Schurz

Lifting the soul from the common sod

To a purer air and a broader view, and of Adolph Meger, who was the originator

We rise by the tbings that are under our feet, and benefactor of the zoological gardens of

By what we bave mastered in good and gain, Hamburgh, which I will at some future time By the pride deposed and the passion slaia, describe to you. This lady wrote to her Ham. And the vanquished ill we bourly meet. burgh friends in order to discover the author of We hope, we resolve, we aspire, we trust, this correspondence, for she wished to unite Wben the morning calls to life and light, with her in combating this prejudice. The

But our bearts grow weary, and ere the night

Our lives are trailing in the sordid dust. friends met, and one result of their intercourse

Wings for angels, but feet for men ! was the formation of a society for the express

We must borrow the wings to find the waypurpose of combating prejudices; it was comi. We may bope, and resolve, and aspire, and pray, posed of sixteen members-eight Christian and! But our feet must rise, or we fall again.

Only in dreams is the ladder thrown

Iture the largest returns in those profitable proFrom tbe weary earth to the sapphire wall; ducts. Their bank's in some places are lined But the dreams depart, and the visions fall,

with precious woods; and palm.oil, ivory, rbi. Aod the sleeper wakes on his pillow of stone. H-aven is not reached at a single bound,

poceros horns, indigo, rice, wax, and hides are But we build the ladder by which we rise

only a part of the stores that would find their From the lowly earth to the vaulted skies, way to other countries in case of the establishAnd we mount to its summit round by round. ment of a regular trade.

This question of the prospects of commerce BY REQUEST.

in that land is intimately connected with its In memory of T. H. L., who departed this life 6th mo. 29th, 1867.

future civilization and Christianization. Trade As sinks at summer eve the setting sun,

itself will not cop vert, but it will open the way Mid a rich glory wben bis course is run,

for the missionary. Dr. Barth, io his minute So did he gently breathe his life away

descriptions, speaks in the highest terms of the Calm, with bright bope shedding its holy ray

fertility of the country on the Bepuwe--the chief Over a soul upheld by faith so clear, That the grim tyrant claimed no victory there.

eastera branch of the Niger-90d of all that secNo sting had death for bim, God heard bis prayer; tion to the south and west of Lake Tsad. Corn Tbo'language failed, the mind was bright and clear.* and cotton fields abound, magnificent tamarind And he had said, I'm ready to leave all,

and tulip trees rise in majestic beauty, and the " Awaiting but my hearenly Father's call.”

butter-trees and giant Asclepias, with a multiAnd to the question, how he felt one daySare, sale, replied be; naught was in bis way.

tude of other varieties, fill the valleys, while the He knew that death would soon bis soul release, luxuriant pastures support large herds of milkWhen be would find his bome of rest and peace. white cattle. Birds of every hue fill the air Then, wherefore mourn bim in tbat glorious sphere. with music; and in many cases the tilled fields, Where only purest joy can enter--where

the groups of fowls and domestic berds, great No sin, no sorrow, no remorseful tear Can e'er be known, for Heaven's own bliss is there.

bowls of milk, and dishes of butter and honey, But for ourselves we mourn, our loss we know testify to the generosity of the earth, and show It glooms the present with a beavy woe.

that one day that region may rejoice in mate. It casts a shade each dear memento o'er,

rial wealth and happiness. Which knew him once, will know him now no more

DuChaillu also, after long journeys in the Yet Jesus wept—that thought consoles the beartAnd we must weep tbus from the loved to part.

dense forests of western cquatorial Africa-forHis wortb, bis virtues, did sweet incense raise, ests of ebony and other valuable timber--would And gave to heaven a daily hymn of praise.

often come out on great prairies pasturiog their From the poor man he never turned his ear,

immense herds of buffalo. Animal and vegeBut gave him aid, and kindly words of cheer ;

table life fill that region in surprising affluence. His many acts of cbarity and love Were known alone to Him, wbo, from above,

And along the Zambesi and its brapches, trapCan read the heart of ioan, and judge aright, ersed by Dr. Livingstone in his iron steamer, Wherber his alms are pleasing in His sigbt,

lay valleys filled with cotton and sugar-cane and For blessed is be who lendeth to the Lord;

the indigo plant, while lignum vitæ, ebony, and God's word is sure; He giveth His reward ; And we in the sweet tbought may be consoled,

other valuable trees abounded on every side. The perfect, upright man, ibus to behold.

Captaio Speke, also, once beyond the coast line His end, is— peace.

west of Zanzibar, and especially around the Vic

toria Lake, found a soil of remarkable depth RECENT AFRICAN DISCOVERIES.

and fertility, ready to repay labor most amplyAll the discoveries show that Africa is pos- the natives almost living on its spontaneous prosessed of commercial advantages that will sooner ductions. Of the country of the Kitangule or later be improved, and give it the basis of a river, which flows into the lake on the west, permanent importance and prosperity. From Captain Speke says that it is "á perfect garden whatever side it is approached there are found of plantajns.Sweet potatoes, yams, sugara richness of soil and water privileges, and cane. Iòdian corn, and iice also abound; and choice products, sufficient to warrant at length

rant at length goats, fowls, pigs, sheep, and cows, together with the prospect of a remunerative trade, apart

Igreat quantities of wild game, the buffalo, the from the horrors of slave-driving, and after that rhinoceros, and several kinds of antelope-some has been wholly rooted out. Many tricts are

extremely beautiful--are found on every side.found, indeed, to be desert and comparatively. The same he found to be true in Uganda, a king. worthless ; but there are also valleys teeming Idom on the north border of the lake, where he with the richest stores and rivalling in wealth, I made a long forced stay with King Mtesa. if not in extent, tbat of the Amazon. The Ni.! This varied testimony from all sides assures ger and its tributaries, in all their course, flow us that Africa, under proper influences, may at through the richest lands, even now set with length support in comfort an immense popula. cotton and sugar.cape, and promising in the fu- tion, and pour its wealth through its rivers into

*T. H. Legget's prayer was that he might retain his foreign ships, to be amply repaid in the treasmind to the last.

ures of civilization.

The character of the native population, again, ety has now nobly provided for this want. is an important item in the future prospects of So, too, the Arabic blood is discernible in that country. Among the great number of tribes large measure among the tribes on the East there is, of course, a great diversity of charac-Coast and in the interior. The result is energy ter. Position-whether on the coast or in the and quickness, mingled with softoess of temper. interior— whether in the north, the south, or Captain Speke met with many poble tribes -directly under the equator-exerts a great in strong, well-built, and hardy in person ; and fluence in this respect. So likewise the exact though frivolous, indolent and capricious, it was locality occupied, whether on the borders of a often ascribed to their position, under bad rulers, desert tract or in the midst of fertility and abun with no worthy mo ive in life to stimulate and dance, affects the development of the dweller direct their energies, rather than to any want of and his mode of life. So, too, the fact whether natural quickness of mind and intelligence. his district lies in the midst of very fierce and The Wabuma, in particular, supposed to be the warlike or more peaceable tribes. And, again, same as the Gallas or Abyssinians, are a powwhether he belongs to a strong, or a weak and erful and haughty race, and form the ruling down-trodden clao. And still further, his ex- class in a large extent of territory, which they traction, whether he is of pure negro, or of seem to have occupied by copquest, to the south mixed negro and Arabic, or some other blood. and sou:hwest of Abyssinia. The common But in general what may we hope for the native negro in this section is less intelligent and of Africa, or what must we fear for him ? Dues spirited, but not destitute of good qualities, he belong to a race that will make advances, physical and mental. or die out before civilization ? Is he fitted Dr. Livingstone finds in the African in his physically for a long and improved course under dative home no incapacity in either mind or better influences ? Avd mentally is there heart. And as to bis vitality and power of enground for any good expectation ? What do durance, it is the testimony of this traveler tbat tbese researches teach?

" he is nearly as strong physically as the EuTo answer briefly these questions, it seems ropean, and, as a race, is wonderfully persistent to be true that there is little cause of fear in among the nations of the earth.” Neither the regard to the native African adapting himself diseases nor the ardent spirits which have proved to new circumstances. We see no reason, con. so fatal in other cases, he says, seem capatrary to the opinion of some, why Africa may ble of annihilating the negroes. It is truly not attain to and hold at length a respectable wonderful, also, what a power they possess of position among the nations. There is a great withstanding the crushing influence of servitude ditference between the condition of migratory and incredible hardship. These facts may savages and that of civilized men. But wbere point to important events in the future history there is native force of character, time and fa- of that race. voring circumstances will work the change. A word upon the forms of government met The ancestors of the Anglo-Saxon were once with in Africa. These have a beariog upon openwandering, armed with bow and shield, through ing the country to civilization. In the north, the thick woods of Germany. And the common where Mohammedanism bears sway, the rulers opinion that Africa is inhabited only by low, have oriental titles. At Agades, Mr. Barth stupid and imbruted tribes, is far from correct. found the Sultan chosen by the principal chiefs Where Dr. Barth traveled, the population par of the neighboring tribes, and by them invested took largely of the Arabic character. And the with power, and then brought before the people quick, supple, ready natives of the Desert and for their recognition. At Kukawa, in Boru, the countries south seemed adapted physically Sheik Omar was ruling nominally, his Vizier and intellectually for a better state. Indeed, being ruler in fact. many of them possessed much intelligence ; In the interior, about Victoria Lake, there some had traveled extensively, and had good are kings and courts, and a body of counsellors experience in trade and the ways of the world ; always attend the royal head. The strictest and strangers coming often among them from etiquette, is observed, and a slight inadvertency Morocco or Egypt, had diffused much knowl. doonus the uofortunate offender, however high edge among those tribes. In these parts, his slation, to execution. Life and death are indeed, have been found good Arabic scholars. in the ki-g's hand, and depend on his wildest Mohammedanism prevails over all this section, and most capricious wbims. In other portions and there is great bigotry. Dr. Barth says of the country the government is chiefly patri. that the Vizier of Bornu was willing that Bibles archal,—the various tribes having district chiefs, should be brought in to some extent, and be- whose orders are issued by bodies of counsellors stowed as gifts, but not offered for sale; and the to the lower village chiefs, and obedience enPsalms of David, in an improved Arabic ver.forced by fines. sion, were especially desired. This was about The slave traffic is an important question in sixteen years ago. The American Bible Soci- I considering the welfare of Africa. It is the source of untold misery, directly and indirectly. I raving maniacs ; thus it is also that those who Not only the present pangs of parting, when are starved to death become insane,-the brain families are dissevered; not only the horrid is, not nourished, and they cannot sleep. The butcheries often enacted; not only the life long practical inferences are tbree: 1st. Those who wretchedness of multitudes, are to enter into think most, who do most brain work, require the account; but the terror everywhere diffused most sleep. 2d. That time “saved” from through that unbappy country by this infernal necessary sleep is infallibly destructive to mind, practice:-oot a moment of rest or a feeling of body, and estate. Give yourself, your children, security to many tribes-no heart to sow, or your servants-give all that are under you, the build, or reap- the approach of, every stranger fullest amount of sleep they will take, by com. regarded with dread--the miserable beings flee. pelling them to go to bed at some regular, early ing for their lives to the bills and thickets, hour, and to rise in the morning the moment leaving their dwellings to the mercy of passers- they awake; and within a fortnight, Nature, by, fearing á worse fate; these things show with almost the regularity of the rising sun, that slave-hunts must in some way be brought will unloose the bonds of sleep the moment to an end before confidence can arise and peace enough repose has been secured for the wants of dwell in that land, and its energies be turned the system. This is the only safe and sufficient to productive and stable labor.

rule; and as to the question how much sleep The origin of these wicked excursions is two any one requires, each must be a rule for him. fold. On the one hand domestic slavery calls self-great Nature will never fail to write it for them. To provide servants for the house out to the observer under the regulations just and laborers for the field,--this induces the given.Dr. Forbes Winslow. powerful to war on the weak and carry them

CURE FOR CORNS. away captive. Again, these tribes often make

The following recipe is vouched for as a sure raids into the villages of the defenceless, and enslave the dwellers for the purpose of selling two or three successive nights, in a strong solu

cure for corps : “Put the feet for half an hour, them to the Arab traders, who scour the whole

boletion of soda. The alkali dissolves the indurated country in this inhuman traffic. Or these trad

cuticle, and the corps fall out spontaneously, ere themselves, with a few guns and a handful

leaving a small cavity which soon fills." An of men, lurk everywhere ready to seize the

exchange says: “ We know the above remedy youth of the villages and hurry them off to the

for corns to be effectual. We have tried it, sea coast in gangs-half starved, bruised and

and found it acts like magic. But we do not mangled—and put them on shipboard. Thus

think a strong solution is desirable. We know have the Spanish West India and South Ameri.

On of a friend who tried the remedy on our recom. can slave markets been supplied from time im

mendation, but he made the solution so strong memorial; and thus were British and United

that with the corns it took off a portion of the States marts once filled.-- African Repository. I skin on the foot. From one to two tablespoon. ACCEPTANCE OF ONE'S LOT.

fuls of soda in a small foot-tub of hot water is Persevere in earnestly striving to conquer in

sufficient to remove the corns, by letting the yourself the annoyance little daily vexations

afflicted member remain in it ten or fifteen cause you; turn all your attention to this point

minutes.- Late Paper. for the present; feel that at this moment God

ITEMS. only requires this of you; do not sow the seeds

| The First Voyage across the ocean by a steam

vessel was made by the steamer Savannah, in 1818. of good desires in the gardens of others, but

ders, but she sailed from New York to Liverpool and thence cultivate well your own. Do not desire to be to St. Petersburg, the entire voyage occupying what you are not, but rather desire to be well twenty-six days, and returned in safeiy. This roga what you are ; turn your thoughts to perfectiog age created a great sensation, and was not imitated yourself thus, and to bearing the crosses, be

for many years afterwards, the first regular trip

across the ocean being made by the steamers Sirius they great or small, which you may therein en

and Great Western, in 1837 and 1838. counter.

The Paris Exposition closed on the 21st inst.

It is feared that there will be great dietress among NECESSARY RULES OF SLEEP.

the negro population at the South this winter. Tbey There is no fact more clearly established in will beed winter supplies of clothing and food, but the physiology of man than this, that the brain

bave not the wherewi hal to purchase them. The

" partial failure of the cotton crop, and the decline in expends its energies and itself during the hours

price, bring serious embarrasments to those who of wakefulness, and that these are recuperated work for shares. during sleep. If thé recuperation does not Recent accounts state that it is highly probable & equal the expenditure, the brain withers--this satisfactory treaty will be made with the Indians. is insanity. Thus it is that, in early Eoglish

l FIVE HUNDRED Miles of the Union Pacific Railroad

| track have been laid, and seventeen miles more will history, persons who were condemned to death

carry tbe road to the eastern base of the Rocky Mounby being prevented from sleeping, always died l tains.

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