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exercise them for us? I will venture to say that would be better without, and wbich is often
In connection with the press we will potice
houses are of this character. A modern writer
says, “ There is hardly a great crime committed FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. but that the manner of it, or the details, or
sometimes the whole conception, has been sug. PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 26, 1867.
gested by some novel or play, or tale read in a THE PUBLIC MORALS AND THE PRESS.-bewspaper, and that the power of fiction is
more and more apparent.” An exchange paper uses this caption to direct attention to the practice of public journals giv- forces of the day, from the influence of which
He represents it as one of the greatest social ing elaborate and sensational descriptions of
no family can entirely escape. He also justly races, pugilistic combats, and other immoral
remarks " that those who dwell in such a world amusements, until one might suppose that "the American people were the most sporting'
of fiction, that all the prose details of daily life,
in fact, become uninteresting, no matter how population in the civilized world.” The subject presented by the writer is worthy, we pure and elevated the world into which they
thus withdraw themselves, by sapping the think, the serious consideration of editors who may feel obliged to give the news, whatever reasoning powers and rendering the mind imthis may be. He dves not believe that the patient of control and discipline, do an evil not people are plunged so low that they demand easily corrected.” In the words of Channingthis kind of mental nutriment from their news
No imagination can conceive of the greatness of papers, for themselves or families. Although Genius, intellect, taste and sensibility, must be
the gift of a rational and moral existence. great demoralization may prevail in the mixed population in our great cities and brought under the influence of the spirit of
Truth, or they will never know and never make their suburbs, yet the American people are
known their real glory and immortal power. generally practical, laborious and frugal, and
The human mind will become more various, appreciate the importance of the cultivation of steady habits, and the virtues of domestic life piercing and all-comprehending; more capable The press is justly esteeined a “ mighty engine" and the sportive, the terrible and the beautiful,
of understanding and expressing the solemn for good or evil; and it certainly is responsible, the profound and the tender, in proportion as it if, by narrating exciting but demoralizing shall be illumined and penetrated by the true scenes, these should increase. In this
way they are forced upon the notice of thousands of
knowledge of God. young men at their quiet homes in the interior We have rece vd from John Pepington & towns and villages, and we know not how far Son, No. 127 8. 7th St., Philadelphia, a copy their tastes may be poisoned by it. Should of a work entitled the “Penns and Peningthere not be an earnest remonstrance against tous of the Seventeenth Century,” by Maria this pernicious practice? We do not mean to Webb, author of “The Fells of Swartbmore give a false coloring to the “ Public Morals,” Hall,” which it is our pleasure to notice. From but if the gross crimes which are perpetrated the cursory view which we have taken of its be noticed at all, let it be in a condemnatory contents, we think it cannot fail to interest manner. Tens of thousands of dollars, it is those who have been taught to reverence the said, are now expended annually by the daily name of Penn, and who have regarded Isaac papers of our city for news which the public Penington and Thomas Ellwood with scarcely
less deference. The style of the book will rec times most acute, confining ber to her room,--much
of the time to her bed; and at one time for several ommend it to the general reader. It contains
months she was rendered entirely helpless by geneand is embellished with a number of ral paralysis. But nearly all this period her mental engravings. In this number will be found an in passing events, and retained her social feelings in
powers remained clear, so that she took an interest extract giving a sketch of Thomas Ellwood's a remarkable degree, enjoying the society of her Life.
friends as when in health. That her Heavenly
dent from the patience and fortitude with which she MARRIED, on Fifth-day, the 10th inst., at Hopewell | endured all her affictions; and now that He bas Meeting-house, Frederick Co., Va., ALBERT CHAND
seen meet to take her home, her friends may rejoice LEE, of Sandy Spring, Montgomery Co., Md., to Sarau rather than mourn, having the assurance that she ANN BRANSON, of Frederick Co., Va,
has found that rest which she so long desired. * Died, on the 22d of Third month, 1867, io Albany, FRIENDS' PUBLICATION ASSOCIATION. N. Y., FREDERIC S. PEAse, in the 63d year of bis age. The Executive Committee will meet on Sixth-day He was a man of singular and constant uprightness afternoon, Elevenih month 1st, at 3 o'clock. and purity, tender in his affections, unhesitating in
Lydia H. HALL, Clerk. bis generous sacrifices for all within the circle of his kind attentions, and of remarkable fidelity to
FRIENDS' SOCIAL LYCEUM. conscience. He became a member of Albany Monthly Lecture bg Caleb S. Hallowell, on Third-day evenMeeting of Friends in middle life, and from that time ing, Tenth month 29th, at 74 o'clock. until bis death was one of its most sincere, humble and valued members. His occasional ministrations NOTICE -CHANGE OF HOUR, ETC. were the pure and unaffected uiterances of a Cbris. The Secretaries of "Friends' Association for the tian spirit, and brought comfort and strength to those Aid avd Elevation of the Freedmen' were requested to whom they were addressed.
to notify Friends generally that its meetings will -, at his residence in Willistown, Chester Co., take place on the third Fourth-day evenings only of Pa., on the morning of the 13th of Tenth month, each mouth, at eight o'clock, and always in Race St. 1867, Thomas Cox, in his 781h rear; an active mem- | Monthly Meeting Room, without alternating with ber of Goshen Monthly Meeting. Though for many Green St., as heretofore. years a constant sufferer from a painful disease, he The Education Committee will meet on the same retained the powers of his mind until the close. His evenings, at the same place, balf an hour earlier. interest in the affairs of the Church remajned ung
J. M. Ellis,
Secretaries. bated, and in a recent conversation he expressed great satisfaction with signs, as he thougbt, of a renewed interest felt in his beloved Society. Always FIRST DAY SCHOOL CONFERENCES. 8 friend to education, he was particularly solicitous The committee have appointed the following confor the guarded instruction of Friends' children, ferences in regard to First-day Schools, and invite saying that “he never regretted contributing of his the attendance of Friends generally. moderate means for educational and meeting pur At Friends' Meeting-House, Lombard St., Balti. poses.” The bospitalities of his house will long be more, on Fourth-day evening, 30th of Tenth month, remembered, and his grandchildren, when grown to at 7} o'clock, (being Yearly Meeting week.) mature years, will look back upon grandfather's POSTPONEMENT.-The First-day School Conference home as a sunog spot in the memory of their child- at Rice St. Meetiog-House, Philadelphia, is posthood. Thinking upon bis long and useful life, we poned to Seventh-day morning, 9th of Eleventh were forcibly reminded of the Scriptural passage, month, at 10 o'clock. "A good name is rather to be cbogen tban great Communications from absent Friends, and acriches, and loving favor rather than silver and gold ” counts of any First-day schools among Friends, will
at Saratoga, N.Y., on the 9th of 2d mo., 1867, be acceptable, and may be addressed to Eli M. Lamb, Rest, widow. of Job Wright, aged 77 years; a mem 171 McCulloh Baltimore, or to the care of E. ber of Saratoga Monthly Meeting.
Comly, 144 N. Sevenih St., Philadelphia. at Saratoga, N. Y., on the 4th of First month, 1867, Hannah M., widow of James Shepberd, aged
From “ Talks with my Pupils." 79 years and 4 months; sister of the above, and a
MANNERS. member of the same Monthly Meeting. A faithful wife and devoted mother; she obeyed the injunction,
BY ELIZABETH SEDGWICK. "Whatsoever thy band findeth to do, do it with thy So much uson this subject must be indirectmight.”. Although an invalid for the last ten years ly suggested by what I say on nearly every of her life, and several times seeming to those around her as passing away, yet when a little strength was
which I write to you, that I hesitate ageia given her, she would forget her own feeble whether to make it a distinct theme. On the ness, and devote herseif to the comfort of those who!e, however, I believe it is better to do so. around her, especially to that of her invalid daughter. Having done her day's work in the daytime, aware of the importance of pleasing, agreeable
I do not think that people in general are her close was peaceful and happy. , at Saratoga, N.Y., on the 30th of Third mo.,
manpers. The difference between two house1867, Alice, daughter of the late James and Hannah holds, in the one of which they are found and M. Shepherd; also a member of Saratoga Monthly in the other not, is as that between two gardens, Meeting. Seldom has an all-wise Providence per- in one of which the flowers bave no odor, while mitted such protracted suffering as this dear, de in the other, fragrance is everywhere diffused; parled one experienced, having beea an invalid the past twenty-five years. Amicted with a complica- or, as between a gloomy, silent cavern, and a tion of diseases, her physical sufferings were at bower of evergreen made joyous by singing
birds. They are therefore a means of happi- form the habit of expressiog ourselves more by
As a means of influence, too, they should action than by profession. receive direct culture, which, in this view in If our Christian gentleman receives ill treatdeed, becomes of moral obligation.
ment or insult from others, he shows himself
the true Christian gentleman still not bringing No doubt, in all countries, certain customs himself to their level by quarrelling or railing, arise from what cunvenience and refinement re according to the old barbarous system of “ eye quire, and are essentially right and proper on for ege," and "tooth for tooth.” He cannot, that account ; but this is true only of a portion under any circumstances, be a heathen. of them, as the different observances of different This motive of self-respect for abstaining, countries prove--and with all these diversities, under provocation, from the indulgence of high there will probably be found some general temper and angry words, I have found useful, agreement on what is most truly essential--as when a higher one failed, to enforce upon young is true in systems of religion. The core, the people; and upon the ignorant, and therefore root, the living principle, the essence of good narrow-minded, such as constitute a large mamanners, such as are not dependent on any code, jority of servants and laboring people, and not as of every thing else good, must be found in a very small proportion of the so-called cultithe heart; and ibeir most comprehensive defini- vated classes. tion is, in a nation of Christians, Christian Manners, in a few instances, are the direct courtesy. The best are the natural, genuine product of nature, perfect in kind, and needing expression of a heart filled to overflowing with no improvement. Generally, however, like love and good-will towards the whole buman every other high attainment, they need direct race, with a desire to avoid giving pain, and to cultivation, and a child cannot be too carefully add in every way to the stock of human happi- trained in this respect. The silent music of pess. A person possessed with this desire will sweet and gentle manners requires, first of all, manifest it in the tone of his voice, in the gra- the cultivation of reverence--a beautitul senticious beaming of his eye, in the friendly grasp ment, essential to the uplifting of man abore a of his hand. He can never omit the thousand low, grovelling condition. Full of significance little attentions to the comfort and pleasure of are the analogies of nature, by which almost others that he may bave an opportunity to be every subject connected with the soul, or with
He will be in no danger of encroaching life, is illustrated. I think it is Cicero who said upon them in any way upreasonably, of making that, whereas all other animals have their heads any undue claims on them, of infringing any of prone, so that their eyes look upon the ground, their rights, of seeking his own advantage to man is made erect, so that he can see the hear their loss or inconvenience. He will be always ens. We behold high above us the magnificent considerate, always kind-always delicate and firmament, and our thoughts are carried fartber uoobtrusive. It is this kind of courtesy that still- to Him who created it. How miserable may be always sincere. It being once asked and hopeless our condition would be, if we had in a party where the “uncle” was, some one nothing higher than ourselves to look up to. replied, " Ascertain who is the dullest and nuost We should end by crawling in the dust and uninteresting woman in the room, and you will mire of earth. Let your child, then, look up to find him at her side.” In devoting himself to those who are above him in years and in knowthose whom he was sure others would neglect, ledge, and give them the respect dut on that he was guilty of no insincerity. A motive of account. Especially let this respect be evinced true kindncss brought him to them. And if towards his benefactors, his parents, and those such a motive were always a governing principle who are intrusted with his education. Let him in the intercourse of society, the vexed question, rise up in the presence of the aged, and pay rehow truth is always to be reconciled with cour- spect to the hoary head. Those parents greattesy, would be forever settled. One might hon ly wrong their children, who allow them to be estly profess a willingness and pleasure in doing guilty of any want of respect toward themselves, that which otherwise would be tedious and in word or action. The least offence of this disagreeable, and make use of expressions which kind should be treated in the most serious man. would otherwise be untrue. We may be glad ner, and as one not easily to be overlooked. to see visitors for their sakes, whom we should Roh your child's soul of reverence, and you rob not much desire on our own account. At the it of a jewel-essential to its full lustre and same time, lest we may fall into the habit, richness. There is no need, in order to insure Daturally and easily adopted, of usiog strong it, to keep him at a distance from you. Ouly expressions, such as convey more feeling than be careful, that the nearer he approaches you, exists at all, or certainly wore than is babitual, the more he discovers in you that is worthy of whatever the enthusiasm of the moment may be, reverence. Those who most truly serve God, and it is well to guard against them, even in our most nearly resemble him, live nearest to him. honest intercourse with gur fellow-men; and I Next to reverence, cultivate thoughtfulness
or consideration for others. Many in whom come publicly known are few in comparison good manners are not a spontaneous growth, with those which spring up in the minds of inwould acquire them by this means alone, who, genious mechanics and perish with the hour from a want of it, are perfectly unconscious how that gave them birth, through the want of a many opportunities they lose, daily, hourly, al. better knowledge of the pruperties of materials.” most momently, of making themselves accepta- It is worthy of remark that iron is almost the ble and agreeable to those with whom they as only metal whose combinations with oxygen are sociate--and in how many ways they give not of a poxious nature to the human system. offence, and render themselves disagreeable. Iron strengthens the muscular system. Iron is To be well mannered, one must be unselfish-80 used in three states-cast iron, wrought iron that, on this accouot, as well as because they and steel. Extracted from the bowels of the are a means of influence, the cultivation of good earth, the first process is, or used to be, to roast manners is a moral duty. It is a very charming it, in order to expel the water, sulphur, arsonic, mode, applicable even to a very young child, of&c., but now, by the hot blast, this is mostly .beginning the life-long process essential to our dispepsed with, and the iron ore is put into the proper growth, development, and progress, viz., furnace with fuel and with lime, melted and living out of ourselves, and for others. This cast into pigs at once. In this there is a great consideration must be enforced by kindness. difference, owing both to the fuel, the metal The law of love must be inculcated " line upon and the management. There are tbree qualities line” and “precept upon precept”-until it of pig iron ; No. 1 is most highly carbonized, becomes written on the heart, and dwells ever No. 2 less, and 3 least. upon the lips.
Wrought iron is decarbonized. It is remelted,
puddled, squeezed, hammered, rolled, and thus THE MANAGEMENT OF IRON AND STEEL.
ANAGEMENT OF IRON AND STEEL. decarbonized; it is known as bar or wrought The house of Appleton, of New York, have iron. But of this there are all sorts of different just published two little works, each of which qualities. Steel, as is well known, is a compound contains its own moral, and one of them a great of iron and carbon, and is formed either by heatmoral lesson for every citizen of Pennsylvania. ing wrought iron in contact with carbon, or One of these books is the authentic account of sometimes now by depriving cast iron of all its the discovery of gold in California, by Edward impurities except a small portion of its carbon. E. Dunbar. The other is on the Management This last is M. Bessemer's process. He can of Steel, a subject on the right understanding produce a steel of any degree of hardness direct of which depends much of the future wealth of from cast iron, without the intermediate pudour State. Nowhere else, perbaps, in the civil.dling. By a blast of cold air upon the molten ized portions of the globe are such vast quan- cast iron he ignites the carbon contained in it, tities of iron, limestone, coal and wood brought and decarbonizes it to any extent he desires, together so bandily for cheap working. A pound consuming the whole, and then adding the reof iron may be worth a few cepts, but ad ounce quired quantity by an after process. From one of steel, wrought into main springs for watches, to two per cent. of carbon is added to the pure becomes worth about two thousand dollars in iron in converting it into steel. gold, and when wrought into the hair springs, But it is when we come to the hardening and it is wrth eight thousand dollars per ounce. temrering of steel that room for the greatest What is the value of gold, worth $20 or $25 skill, anxiety and judgment are found. If the per ounce, compared with this?
proper steel has not been chosen, and afterwards We have the foundation of all this wealth properly heated through all the stages, or if within ourselves. We need only the skilled correct principles are not adhered to, all may labor to develop it, and there is here, in Mr. Ede's prove futile. . Of course, it is well known that little book on the Management of Steel, much the way to harden steel is by heating and then that we need to know. It is a practical work suddenly cooling it. But why it does this in by a practical man, without technicalities, yet the case of steel and not of iron is not so easily putting clearly and compactly together just explained. It is done, perhaps, by the crystal. ihose facts in regard to iron and steel that every lization of the carbon--certainly by a new mecbanic should know. Young mechanics will arrangement of the particles. But then an find it an inestimable treasure to understand all unequal contraction of the parts in cooling brings about bardening steel, and if all young appren. the danger of breakage, cracks and flaws. tices would make themselves thoroughly ac. Hardening with and without mercury or saline quainted with the management of the materials liquids, the use of prussiate of potash, animal on which they work, and the tools which they charcoal, and the toughening of steel in oil, are use, especially in making iron and steel, not all subjects that require to be practically underonly would they soon become skilled workmen, stood by our mechanics, as well as theoretically but the advancement of the sciences would be by our tool manufacturers and workers in iron. greatly hastened. “The inventions which be The great thing is for our young men to begin
to work and think together-no one doubting And lo! the Sun of Righteousness that many new practical improvements are to be
Into our waiting souls will stream, and will be made- and yet being careful not
To brighten, beautify, and bless,
And wbiten to our purest dream. to fancy that all deviations from old and longestablished ways of working in iron and steel
From The Press.” are nccessarily improvements.- Public Ledger.
The Hague, Holland, Aug. 11, 1867.
A country as flat and fruitful as the richest CHANGE.
American prairie is that known as Holland or What matter how the night behaved ?
the Netherlands, and no spot of earth is stranger What matter how the north wind raved ?
or more instructive. After the lovely lakes Blow bigb, blow low, not all its snow Could quench our hearth-fire's ruddy glow.
and frozen mountains of Switzerland, and the O Time and Change !--with hair as gray
ancient architecture of the grape.covered shores As was my sire's that winter day.
of the Rhine, there was something startling in How strange it seems, with so much gone
the contrast presented by a vast table land, not Of life and love, to still live on!
inaptly styled, because absolutely recovered Ab, brotber! only I and thou
from, “ the bottom of the sea.” I have now Are left of all that circle nowThe dear home faces whereupon
traversed a large part of this curious domain, That fitful firelight paled and shone.
and find it an object of manifold and increasing Henceforward, listen as we will,
interest. You pass for hundreds of miles over The voices of tbat hearth are still ;
a territory without a fence, and get the fields Look where we may, the wide earth o'er, Those lighted faces smile no more.
are carefully divided by narrow canals, which, We tread the paths their feet have worn,
while draining them of their superfluous moisWe sit beneath their orchard trees,
ture, at the same time protect them as successWe hear, like them, the hum of bees
fully as a strong barrier of stone. These wonAnd rustle of the bladed corn;
derful expanses are singularly fertile; and he We turn the pages tbat i hey read, Their written words we linger o'er,
who prefers to peruse the present and to foreBut in the sun they cast no shade,
cast the future of a people by the works of No voice is beard, no sign is mane,
their own labor, will be deeply impressed by No step is on the conscious floor!
these and the other greater proofs of human en. Yet Love will dream, and Faith will trust,
ergy which abound in Holland. For Holland is a (Since He who knows our need is just,) That somebow, somewhere, meet we must.
monument of patient industry and unflagging Alas for him who never sees
perseverance; and it is difficult to decide, as The stars shine through his cypress trees !
we read its history, whether it is most deseryWho, bopeless, lays his dead away,
ing of praise for its resistance to the tyranny of Nor looks to see the breaking day
the elements or to the cruelty of man. Its Across the mournful marbles play! Who bath not learned, in hours of faith,
people have not only conquered an empire from The truth to flesh and sense unknown,
the sea, and for centuries successfully combatted Tbut Life is ever lord of Death,
the ever-nerving efforts of Old Ocean to recover And Love can never lose its own.
the treasures she has lost, but they have made From Whittier's " Snow-Bound.”
the very winds their slaves. Others employ the
multiplied modern agencies of steam, but the THE PURE IN HEART.
Hollanders, for five hundred years, bave adopted (A Simile.)
the windmill to grind their corn, to saw their BY L. J. K. GIFFORD.
timber, to crush the rape-seed for oil, to beat The fabric, soiled from dhily wear,
hemp, and to drain the soil by exhausting the Grows clean witbin the housemaid's hand;
water from the land and pouring it into the great Each mark of time she takes with care
canals and rivers. As a great writer observes : From seam and gusset, hem and band.
“ It might be supposed that the absence of But still the stubborn stains appear,
those elevations which afford shelter to other When all her bandiwork is done;
countries, would leave Holland at the mercy of But says, “For this I need not fear;
every blast that blows. So far is this from I've but to place it in tbe sun.” With faith she spreads it wide, and lo!
being the case, that not a breath of air is The chemistry of golden beam
allowed to pass without paying toll by turning Doth wbite this fabric as the snow,
a windmill.” And I cannot describe to you the And make ic pure as angel's dream.
appearance of hundreds of these odd machines, " But," says the housemaid, in her pride,
moving their huye shadows all over the lard“ Unless my work had been well done,
scape at the same timr. They are so much The impure fabric had but dried
cheaper than steam for all purposes, that potAnd never whitened in the sun." So with our lives 't is ours to keep
withstanding the mighty progress of that revoThem clean of every act iapure;
lutionary discovery, they are still in universal With finest brush of art to sweep
use in this country. I have counted fifty in The very dust from off the floor.
view at one time. They are much larger