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Koow it to the bottom as to why everything is
made just so, and what it will bring in the best Between the years of forty and sixty, a man
markets, and who are its chief consumers. The who has properly regulated himself may

be principles and the practice of every art and pro- sidered in the prime of life. His matured fession are not easily learned. Employers do strength of constitution renders him almost imnot often like to teach these things. Often they pervious to the attack of disease, and experience carefully conceal them for fear of rivals, and has given soundness to his judgment. His often those who are most successful, and mind is resolute, firm, and equal; all his funchare the most knowledge and good will, do not tions are in the highest order ; bé assumes masknow how to teach that which is so complicated. tery over business ; builds up a competence on But by cultivating the good will and easy con. the foundation be bas formed in early manhood, versation of all those around, a thousand things and passes through a period of life attended by will become plain that the silent plodder never many gratifications. Having gone a year or gets an idea of. To secure the respect of em. two past sixty, he arrives at a stand ll. But ployers by discretion is a great point. - athwart this is a viaduct, called the turn of life,

4. Aim high.--To be the most exact, punctual, which, if crossed in safety, leads to the valley diligent, is within the reach of all, yet how few of old age,” round which the river winds, and attempt superior excellence of this sort! But to. then beyond without a boat or causeway to effect use extra skill, and all the talents God has giv-l its passage. The bridge is, however, constructen in parts of an employment, in themselves reed of fragile materials, and it depends upon how pulsive perhaps, and to use them generously to it is trodden, whether it bend or break. Gout secure high ends, is the surest road to success. and apoplexy are also in the vicinity to waylay To aim to be the most perfect possible in any the traveller, and thrust him from the pass ; but manufacture, in any study, in any trade, will let him gird up his loins and provide bimself show how superior excellence is to be attained with a fitter staff, and he may trudge in safety beyond the bighest present conception, and it is with perfect composure. To quit metapbor, that highest koowledge and practice which will “ The Turn of Life” is a turn either into a probring all the reward. People are afraid of trou, longed walk, or into the grave. The system and ble.“ I have always had as much to do as I powers baving reached their utmost expansion, could, at the best prices from the best class of now begin either to close like flowers at sunset, customers whom I have kept from beginning to or break down at once. One injudicious stimuend, and among whom I found some of the best lant, a single fatal excitement, may force it and dearest friends of my life.” This cannot beyond its strength, whilst a careful supply of be done without thought and study. Many lose the props, and the withdrawal of all that tends customers and friends because their ideas get to force á plant, will sustain it in beauty and too old to be worked up into use, instead of al. vigor until night has entirely set in.— The Sciways growing as they should.

ence of Life, by a Physician. Let your

business be a part of your religion, but not the whole of it.” So writes the admirable correspondent to whom we bave referred.

The experiments on the sensitive plant, conPray for the Divine blessing and have faith in ducted by M. Bert, have been taken up by M. the Divine assistance, while faithful. But when Ch. Blondeau, who has tested the leaves with disappointments come, as they will to all, the induced galvanic current of Ruhnukorf's feel that there is something higher to which coil. He submitted three plants to the influthey have led your mind. Be not envious ofence of the electric current.' The first was opthose who by greater energy, enterprise and sa-lerated on for five minutes; the plant when left gacity, have prospered more than you, though

to itself seemed prostrated, but after a while (a in many other things they may have seemed to you interior and much wanting, for it is just seemed to recover itself. The second was acted

quarter of an hour), the leaves opened, and it and reasonable that energy should be rewarded

on for ten minutes. This specimen was pros. with wealth ; but how much happiness wealth trate for an hour, after which it slowly recov. may bring will depend greatly upon the dispo- ered. The third specimen was galvanized for sitions of mind that have procured it. Hon

twenty-five minutes, but never recovered, and esty, politeness, faith in God and benevolence se in twenty-four hours had the appearance of cure peace and happiness with wealth, or even

a plant struck by lightning. A fourth plant without it.-Public Ledger.

was etberized, and then exposed to the current. The moment a man gives away to inordinate Strange to say, the latter had no effect, and the desire, disquietude and torment take possession leaves remained straight and open; thus proof his heart. The proud and the covetous are ving, says M. Blondeau, that the mode of conbever at rest; but the humble and poor in spirit traction of the leaves of the sensitive plant is possess their souls in the plepitude of peace.- in some way allied to the muscular contraction Kempis.

of animals.



two of either feathers or hair, and its cost is Scientific research and intelligent investiga- comparatively small. For carriage upholstery, tion are constantly adding new substances to car seats, church cushions, mattrasses, &c., those already recognized as possessing a mer- sponge is already in extensive use, and is highcantile value. Within a few months a new ly commended. textile has been announced, but a more recent As a new commodity, furnishing employment discovery promises practical results not only for skill and labor, starting new processes in immediate, but having an important bearing machinery, and especially as affording to all upon various interests. A species of sponge, classes additional means of comfort without a (not the ordinary sponge of commerce, but corresponding tax upon pecuniary resources, grass-sponge, heretofore considered useless,) the discovery thus announced possesses not a wbich grows in exhaustless quantities among little commercial importance.- N. Y. Journal the coral formations of the Bahama Islands, or of Commerce. the coast of Mexico aud Florida, is ascertained to be exactly suited to a large variety of me

A CORRESPONDENT of the London Shipping chanical purposes, and is destined to enter and Mercantile Gazette says he saw a practical largely into domestic consumption. It grows proof of the truth of the old adage that oil in very shallow water, and hence requires po

would calm the troubled waters. The event skill or labor for its production.

occured on a voyage from St. Johas, N. F., to Although the peculiar properties of this Bristol, England. The vessel was loaded with vegetable growth were unknown until within a oil and blubber, and, experiencing severe weathrecent period, vessels are leaving New York er, was disabled and thrown on her beam ends. and Bostou regularly to obtain cargoes; and the The sea being very heavy, it was suggested that substauce, as prepared by machinery at the fac-oil would smooth it, and a hogshead was broachtory in Birmingham, Ct., is in demand for bed-ed in the hold, and the oil pumped into the ding and upholstering purposes far beyond the ocean with the water made by the leaking vessel. means now at command for its supply. As a

The effect was marvelous. The vessel was substitute for curled hair and feathers, which drifting to leeward, and to windward the sea were too expensive for any except the opulent appeared as though there was a calm, and in classes, it seems complete. Henceforth the poor spite of a tremendous gale, the sea never broke man can throw away his bed of straw, and at a

on board for the eight days the vessel lay to. moderate expense provide himself with a place

When the effect was observed, the oil was not of rest as soft and luxuriant as those more fa spared, and the vessel reached Scilly, though so vored with worldly goods.

crippled as not to be worth repairing. If this The newly discovered sponge grows in a

be true, it must greatly diminish the dangers of scraggly forin among the corals of the sea-shore, whaling, and a few barrels placed on board and is gathered by natives of the Bahamas, and every other sea-going craft might prove the sal. delivered dry at a certain price per pound, pay.

vation of some in stormy weather. - The Press. able in merchandise at the various places of de

PUGNACITY OF THE WREN. posit. A schooner belonging to the New York

The burrow of the woodpecker is far too comElastic Sponge Manufacturing Company, left fortable a dwelling to be neglected by the wren, this city lately on her fourth trip; and another, who allows the woodpecker to proceed with its belonging to the American Patent Sponge labors until he thinks the hole is large enough Company of Boston, left at the same time—the for his purpose, and then assaults the unfortulatter company paying a royalty to the former. pate burrowers, driving them off to seek anothEach vessel brings from 80,000 to 100,000 lbs, Ier' and a less disturbed locality. In one case compressed into bales by machinery. To ren a pair of woodpeckers began to make a tunnel in der this substance merchantable, the first pro- an apple tree, and were driven from the spot cess is to put it into what paper manufacturers by a house wren. They then pitched upon a call a "stuff engine,” where it is cut, washed, pear tree, completed their burrow, and laid and freed from calcareous matter and other im

one egg,

when they were again attacked by the purities. It is afterwards passed through a se fiery little bird, and obliged to abandon the lories of rubber rollers, saturated with glycerine, cality altogether.— Homes without lands. (which preserves its natural elasticity,) and is then seasoned in ovens and baled. A single Every successful teacher is composed of three inch will expand to twelve times its bulk. Tuus component parts—patience, tact, and, lastly, prepared the sponge is free from all forms of book-learping. It is not what the teacher puts insect life, never packs, and is not liable to de- into, or, as is more commonly the case, on to cay, and is much softer and more elastic than the child that does the work, but what she draws other materials which it seems destined to dis- out. And no one has a right to assuine the place at least to a certain extent. One pound heavy responsibilities of a teacher who has not is considered equivalent to one and a half or I the ability to develop that rectitude of charac.


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ter wbich will enable a child to do a thing bel, The Paris Exposition from Fifth month 1st to cause it is right, and not because men esteem it Ninth month 10 h, received $1,500,000 as fees from to be so.

visitors for admission tickets. It is stated that

$300,000 more will be required to cover the expenses, " MARBLED

and that tbis will be collected before the exposition PAPER.

closes at the end of this month. Few, even of those who are familiar with the

Engraving is a surprising art, and it is anpounced pame, understand how that species of mottled that to such a wonderful extent has the engiaving or briddled paper, so muchused for the covers of of test objects for microscopes been carried, thet a books, is made to assume its curious appearance. Prussian artist has engraved lines upon glass so The following information is sent to the Boston would go in the space of an inch. Several series of Traveller, by a lady who lately visited Harper's these lines were engraved upon one slip of glass. great printing establishment, in New York, and By these the defining power of any object-glass saw how it was done :"

could be ascertained As test objects they are equal The most remakable thing to me, after all, to, and even rival, many patural objects which have was the “ marbling process,” which I don't be hitherto been employed for this purpose. The delilieve you know any more about than I did. In cate lines are not more than one one-hundreth-rhous

andih part of an inch a part, Europe it is kept as a great secret. A tank is

Curious Facts IN NATURAL History.—The grubs filled with gum and water, and water colors are or larvæ of a kind of long legged fly, belonging to thrown upon the surface, first black, then red, the tipula family and found in the forests of Northblue, or yellow, each spot of color remaining per

ern Europe, are without feet, and unable, consefectly distinct, but changing its form as it is quently, to move far from one locality. They occur

in vast numbers in certain places, and when desirous displaced by the next one.

of changing their abode, they attach themselves to Then a comb, or rake, is drawn along the sur- each other by means of a glutinous secretion, so as face. These are of various degrees of fineness, to form a living cord many feet in length, and one or

two inches in thickness. In one instance the colo and a great variety of patterns can be given.

umn was more than thirty yards long, although the The “comb pattern" is now most used. As a

grubs themselves measure less than half an inch special compliment to his ioquisitive lady visitor, each. The column crawls slowly along at a snail's the man made a pattern called the “ peacock's pace, but moves steadily along to its goal. If an in. tail,” really very handsome and elaborate. The termediate portion be removed, the remaining frag: sheets are laid lightly on the top, and when ments, if undisturbed, reunite, and if the bead and taken off retain the impression. They are formed, which keeps going round and round, some

tail of the procession be brougbt together a circle is then dried and afterward burnished.

times for days, before it is broken and progress can

be resumed. It is probable that the resemblance to "THE PATH OF THE JUST IS AS THE SHINING a serpent may bave the effect of preventing attacks LIGHT.

npop the column by other animals. Thus the Christian's path breaks out of ob

The remains of a gentleman lost on a glacier fifteen scurity ; the darkness is past and the true light ihe Syndic of Gressonag fell into a crevasse on the

years ago bave recently been discovered. In 1853 now shineth. His religion is not only real, but Aventina glacier (under the Brethorn, on the Italian apparent, and as it need not, and should not be side) so deep that, though men were let down by hid, so it will not and cannot be hid. There ropes, they were unable to reach his body. A few will be the work of faith, and the labor of love, weeks ago the landlord of the little inn at the head and the patience of hope, and the fruit of the descends, found these remains on the surface of the

of the Val d'Ayas, into which the Aventina glacier Spirit. Pity will get into the eye; meekness ice, and they were brought down for burial by a will smile in the features; the law of kindness large party of the inhabitants. The bones were will dwell upon the tongue. They that were in broken into fragments by the pressure of the ice. darkness will show themselves, and in a thou: Strange to say, however, the unfortunate man's tele

scope was found almost uninjured. baod ways their light will shine before men.

To MEASURE A TREE.-Farmers and mechanics

wishing to cut a piece of timber of a certain length ITEMS.

proceed to the woods and select a tree that would THE COMMISSION created in England to examine the suit, but are not certain whether the length can be subject of Ritualism bave reported to the Queen that got out. How shall this be ascertained without fellthey have made an impartial examination of the ing the tree? The exact leogih of any tree, or part mutter; that they do not regard vestments as es of a tree, height of a house or other object, can be sential, as "they give grave offence to many;" that ascertained by a simple principle of trigonometry they consider it expedient "to restrain in the public being brought into practice. It is the following: services of the United Church of Eegiand and Ire two sides of a right-angled triangle being equal, ihe land all variations in reapect of vestures from that third side will also be equal to the others; sappose which has long been the established usage of the a stick of timber, thirty het in length, is required; said United Church, and think tbat this may be best measure tbiry feet from the tree in a straight line, secured by providing aggrieved parishoners with an on level gronnd, drive & stake into the ground till easy and effeccurl process for complaint and redress," the top just reacbes to your eyes, lie down on your They say, however, that they are not yet prepared to back with the feet against the stake; now, if looking recommend the best mode of giving effect to the over the top of the stake, the point on the tree that conclusions of their report, but will consider this ranges in a straight line with your eyes will be thirty matter, and make a future communication upon it. feet from the ground.

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No. 34.



Copy of a Letter written by Elizabeth Webb to Anthony
William Boehm.....


Hilda, or the Thwarted Wish.

531 MADE TO Thomas Ellwood.......


Notes of Foreign Travel, from Private Correspondence. 534 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, The Lady who does her own Work

535 Open from 9 A.V. until 5 P.M. EDITORIAL



537 The Paper is issued every Seventh day, at Three Dollars per The Management of Iron and Steel.

539 annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.


540 Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. The Postige on this paper, paid in advance at the office where The Hague, IIolland....

540 It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Mont Cenis Summit Railway..

542 AGENTS --Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

The Horse-His Memory and Sagacity.

Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
Eggs by Weight

644 William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.

James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

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Copy of a Letter written by Elizabeth Welb, in sions, or any such thing. No, my dear friend,

1712, to Anthony William Boehm, Chaplain I never sought after the Lord in these ways, to George, Prince of Denmark, with his An- por for any of those ends; but I sought after

him in my young years for salvation ; and I Worthy Friend :-My sincere love is to thee still seek him for the perfect restoration of my in truth, and for the truth that dwells in thee. soul in him; but I have nothing of my own to Dear friend, the kind respect thou showed me boast of, unless it be weaknesses and infirmities; when at London hath left an obligation on my but let me rejoice in the Cross of Christ, by mind towards thee, and I have something to which I am crucified to the world in a good communicate in the openings of Divine love, on measure, and the world to me; and I can truly which I must desire thy favorable construction, say I die daily; and as touching the fondness I being almost a stranger to thee; and, there- of education, complexion, conversation, these fore, thou art not well acquainted with the sin- things have cast do mist before my eyes. I cerity and plaioness of my heart. But what I can see, own and love the image of my Lord have to write hath lived on my mind these and Saviour in any sort of complexion or eduseveral weeks, in that pure, innocent love in cation, if the soul hath been educated in the which is the communion of saints. I have no heavenly uuiversity or school of Christ. But learned method to communicate any thing in, thou knowest we cannot see God in, or have either by word or writing, but plainly and sim- fellowship with, all sorts of conversations; for ply as the spirit dictates it; and being the the conversation of the wicked is as if there weaker vessel, too, had need to be excused. I was no God. God is not in all their thoughts, shall not write any thing from notions and and such do not desire the image of meek, speculations, as at a distance. I look on them humble Jesus, nor his counsel, and will follow as unsafe, and I know they are many times none of his precepts, nor his self-denying exam. unsound; but shall write to thee a small partple, while they are here. Thou well observest. of what I have gone through, and what my * that sin, self-love, self-will, &c., contract the soul has tasted of the good word of life, which soul into a very narrow compass; but the lore. is near, that we may have fellowship together of God breaks down all such walls of selfishin God, the Father of our spirits, whom my soul Dess, whereby the soul is hedged in and rehath known both in mercy and judgment, to strained from universal love and benignity.” the purification of my heart, so far that I can All this is very true, but thou knowest all will say to his praise that I don't see bim by or not receive our love as it is in Jesus; or else through peculiar forms, sect or party impres- there are those who have felt the flowings of


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the love and compassion of Him that would not to him that she is wholly subject to him. He
the death of a singer, but had rather that all ruleth in love and she obeys in love; and this
wouid return to him, repent and live. I am a makes all things easy. She hath no will of her
witness of the Lord, that the sbeddings abroad own, but the will of the Lord is her will in all
of his love over the inhabitants of this nation things. All his commands are pleasant to ber,
hath been like showers of rain in the spring because she delights to wait on bim, and to
time. I remember well my telling a Friend in serve in his presence; and she had rather be
London that I felt the extendings of the love of deprived of all outward enjoyments than to be
God so to flow to the people, as I walked in the deprived of the enjoyment of his favor. Her
streets of the city, that I could freely have pub- conversation is adorned with humility and
lished the salvation of God, which is near, and 'meekness. Her steps are comely in the eyes of
his righteousness, which is ready to be revealed her beloved. All her children are taught of
in the public places of concourse. But the the Lord, established in righteousness, and
Friend said he hoped it would not be required great is their peace. And my soul may say, to
of me. This I mention, that if thou can believe the praise and glory of God, that no greater
me, I can assure thee there is no want of uni- comfort can be enjoyed on this side of the
versal love in the hearts of several who are un- grave than to be a child or member of this
known to the world, and hardly known to their church.
own brethren ; and no wonder, either; for, as And now, my dear friend, it is on my mind
Eli of old did not know the inward exercise of to give thee a short account of the dealings of
Hannah, and the prophet Elijah thought he the Lord with me in my young years; how he
had been left alone, until the Lord told him brought my soul through fire and water. For
that he had seven thousand in Israel, and the what end this hath lived in my mind I know
prophet Samuel, when he looked out with the not, uoless it be for spiritual communion. But
eye of reason on the goudness of the stature of when my soul is lowest and nearest to the Lord,
Eliab, said, "Surely the Lord's anointed is be in the simplicity of truth, then is my heart
fore me,” &c,-so now, unless the Lord is opened and tilled with Divine love. In this
pleased to reveal things to us, or we have some thing I desire thee to appraise it inwardly when
spiritual acquaintance, we may mistake. But thou art retired, and not to judge of it before
blessed be the name of our most gracious God, thou hast gone through it, and then judge
who is the same that ever he was, he sees not freely, as thou pleasest.
as man sces; for man looks at the outward ap I was baptized and educated in the way of
pearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.

the Church of Eogland. I went to school to a
I take great notice of thy Christian love minister thereof, and loved and honored him
and good advice in thy second letter, and do greatly; and he showed me great tenderness
accept it very heartily. I can assure thee that and respect. And in those days I looked on
my labor is not to gather people into a formality; the ministers to be like angels, that brought
but I labor as the Lord enables me, to gather the glad tidings of salvation to the children of
souls to Christ, who is able to make the deceit- wen; but when I was about 14 years
ful hearts of the children of wen plain, honest, went to live at a Knight's house, who kept a
clean ; and when the mind is clean, the outside chaplain that used to pray in the house with
will be clean also. But I freely acknowledge the family twice a day; and I observed his
that the glory of the true church--the mystical conversation, and saw it was vain, which I
body, or bride of Christ, which is made up of thought ought not to be so. Then I was
souls that are entered into covenant with the troubled in my mind, and began to think on
Lord, which love and serve him forever,- her my latter end, and also on eternity, and I had
glory is within, and her clothing is of wrought no as-urance of salvation or a state of happi-
gold and the curious needle-work of virgins; ness; if it should please the Lord to send the
wisdom is upon her, for she having been stripped messenger of death to call me away. So the
of all her old rags or garments of righteousness fear of the Lord laid hold of my mind, and I
and uprighteousness, and having been washed began to search the Scriptures. And I found
in pure water, her bridegroom having anointed that they testified that the wicked should be
her with the holy oil-Christ Jesus—the holy turned "into hell, and all those that forget
unction of his spirit, and he is clothing her God.” And I saw that both priests and people
with righteousness, and she depending on bim did forget God as soon as they came off their
for her daily bread, -so she is not eating her knees or from their devotion. Aod I was
own bread por wearing her own apparel; for much afraid of Hell, and wanted a place of as-
she cannot be content with only bearing his surance in the Kingdom of Heaven. Then I
name; but she longs to be made more and began to think of the great promises made for
more a partaker of his Divine nature; and the me in my baptism, as they called it, whereby
love of the Lord hath been and still is so largely they saiu I was made a member of Christ,” a
extended to her which hath drawn ber love sul child of God, &c.; and that I should renounce

of age,


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