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and the early records abundantly attest thats ness to be considered as making a religious profes. many of them were instant in season and out of sion of which they feel themselves unworthy. In season, not only in resisting encroachments on some of the meetings belonging to our Yearly their religious liberty, but in extending a know- Meeting, a considerable portion of the regular ledge of their principles by personal efforts and attenders are not in actual membership, while through the press. They taught diligently to in nearly all there are some, who, if the way their children wbat they found to be sufficient were made more easy, would connect themselves for themselves, and when driven by persecution with the Society, and the religious interests of to seek an asylum in the Western world, they both parties would thereby be promoted. By seldom built a meeting-house without providing the census of 1863 we are informed that there a school-house in the same locality where their are within the limits of Philadelphia Yearly children could be instructed under their direc- Meeting 3480 minors, one of whose parents is a tion. A large number of men and women member and the children not members. In our among them were engaged in the ministry and last Yearly Meeting, Monthly Meetings were retravelled extensively in the service, and their quested, if way should open, to appoint commitpowerful appeals were instrumental in gather-tees to visit and encourage theịr members, and ing thousands to the church. But the times if the same encouragement could be extended have changed. Persecution for opinion's sake to the two classes alluded to, there is no doubt has ceased. The descendants of the persecuted there would be a considerable increase of mem. despised Quakers of the early generation have bership. become as a body rich, respectable and ease While there is evidently apathy and indifferloving, and though they may be strenuous in out-ence in many places, and while we may lament ward observances and careful to observe the re- the decline of primiiive zeal, yet I cannot unite quirements of the Discipline, it is to be feared with the discouraging view presented by your there is a general lack of that zeal for the truth correspondent T. H. S., of the present condition which so eininently distinguished the early fath- and future prospects of our Society. There are ers. The Discipline of the Society has been evidences of life and energy among its members formed at different periods and adapted to the which, if properly cherished, I have faith to bewants of the generation that formed it; and lieve will result in much good. while the writer would not desire to modify it There probably was never more unity of feel. to meet the weaknesses of its members, yet be ing and purpose than now exists in Philadelphia believes further changes are needed to adapt it Yearly Meeting and its branches, and, so far as I to the present generation. Let any one compare know, it extends to similar bodies in unity with a copy of the Discipline of 100 years ago with us. The disturbing causes which a few years our present code, and he will discover how since produced shyness, and a separation of many changes have been made to meet the feeling, have in a great measure been removed, necessary wants of each generation. Before the and are succeeded by that regard for the views alteration of the Discipline of Philadelphia Year- and feelings of each other which is so necessary ly Meeting on the subject of marriage, it was to an efficient organization. computed that a large majority of cases that The formation of “ Friends' Publication Asclaimed the disciplinary attention of Monthly sociation,” for disseminating cur principles by Meetings were for outgoings in marriage ” and tracts and the works of approved authors, will the records of our meetings would probably show produce, we may hope, a revival of interest, and that a large number of these offenders against the establishment of First-day schools, and the the Disci line lost their right in the Society. recent convention held at Westchester, Peona.,

How many in consequence have been scatter- of teachers, and others interested in the religious ed, or gathered into other folds, we have no instruction of our children, is a step in the right means of ascertaining. These changes in the direction. opinion of the writer have had, and will continue

It is a significant fact, too, that both of these to have, a beneficial effect, and there are other movements have been inaugurated by the young provisions which might be profitably modified.

er members of the Society, who have felt the Take for instance the admission of members. want of these agencies, and have entered into An applicant must first apply to the overseers the work from a sense of duty; and it is equally and when they are satisfied, the case is forward- noticeable that in the proceedings of the Firsted to the Monthly Meeting, when another com day School Conference, we are informed that mittee is appointed to take charge of the case, the younger portion of those wbo expressed and it is often several niortbs before a final re. themselves on this interesting subject, very port is made.

generally deplored the want of co-workers from There can be no doubt that many serious, among those of riper years and fuller experiseeking minds, have been discouraged from mak-ence. The Bible classes and religious copfering application through a diffidence of their ences which have been formed in various neighqualifications for membership and an unwilling. I borhoods, are also evidences, to my mind, of a

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revival of religious interest, and most cordially "JUDGE NOT THAT YE BE NOT JUDGED." do I respond to your Editorial in the 28th No.,

There is no denying that the world is full of in which these subjects are embraced. I would such judgments as are here forbidden; needless, call attention to the statement of T. H. S. re- uncharitable, false, and hypocritical judgments. specting the census of 1829 and 1863. When How little of our conversation


the faults the first census was taken, the Society was in of others is in any sense necessary! Mist often a state of ferment growing out of the separation, we go out of our way to introduce it. We want which was then hardly effected, and many of the something to talk of, and this comes.

No sepse records were in poss-ssion of Orthodox Friends. of duty actuates us. Our little help is not Under these circumstances, it is not probable wanted' in branding crimes which society is entire accuracy was arrived at, and it is quite ashamed of. And as for the smaller faults or likely the numbers were over-estimated. The follies of our neighbors, if they pass without census of 1863 was taken by direction of the censure no harm is doué. Our judgments are Representative Committee, in order that the often gratuitous, willing, wanton judgments; documents issued by it might be furnished to passed in idleness and unconcern; prompted by all the members, and we presume it is general no feeling of duty; far, far worse, therefore, ly accurate.

than any dulness, than any silence. In the census of 1829, Shrewsbury and Rah And if needless, then uncharitable too. way Quarterly Meeting is reported as having There can be no charity in taking for our sub685 members, and soon after they were attach-ject one whom we cannot praise and need not ed to New York Yearly Meeting, and of course blame. But far more than this. Examine the are not included in the census of 1863. judgments. How full of suspicion! How un

In connection with the subject of statistics, I willing to allow merit not patent! How ready would call attention to the plan pursued by to imagine a bad motive, where by the nature London Yearly Meeting which might be profit of the case. (van being the judge) we cannot ably adopted by similar bodies in this country. see nor know it! How prone to put the worst

The Subordinate Meetings are required to possible construction, instead of the best! furnish annually a tabular statement, which is How unwilling to regard any man as actuated by forwarded to the Yearly Meeting, in which the a pure disinterestedness or a lufty principle! following questions are answered. How many The judgments passed in society upon particular meetings are there and what are the fellow-men are as uncharitable in their nature number of members, and how many habitual at as they are needless in their utterance.-C. J. tenders not members, and how many marriages, Vaughan. births and deaths, convincements, resignations, reinstatements and disownments? By answering these questions, every Monthly Meeting would annually revise its records, a supervisory "To bim that overcometh will I give to eat of the care would be exercised over members and at. hidden manna." tenders, and the objects of a Christian church We are incessantly tempted, in this life, to would, it appears to me, be more fully carried conform our ethical conduct either to our direct out.

P. or implied physical condition. There is a nat10th mo. 6, 1867.

ural, but not too good a tendency to make the metes and bounds of ethical truth and duty

conform to natural law and then to interMAXIMS OF BISHOP MIDDLETON.

pret natural law on the side of selfishness. Persevere against discouragements. Keep In all the relations of life-in the family, your temper. Employ leisure in study, and in the neighborhood, in business, in their whole always have some work in hand. Be puuctual estate-men are strongly inclined, if not to give and methodical in business, and never procras- up right and duty, yet to moderate their ideas tinate. Never be in a hurry. Preserve self- of what is right; to take on milder conceptions possession, and do not be talked out of conviction. of duty; to see if the cross cannot be evaded or Rise early, and be an economist of time. Main- avoided, or to make it as-inconspicuous as postain dignity without the appearance of pride; sible. That tendency is natural, using the word manner is something witli everybody, and natural in its lowest acceptation. everything with some. Be guarded in discourse, There is always present, more or less obtru. attentive and slow to speak. Never acquiesce sively, the economic argument in the soul, and in immoral or pernicious opinions. Be not we often find ourselves resorting to it to excuse forward to assign reasons to those who have no ourselves from adhering to that which is incomright to ask. Think notbing in conduct unimbent upon us. When we are irradiated with portant or indifferent. Rather set than follow conceptions of Christian life, when we have examples. Practice strict temperance, and in heroic ideals, we mean to be absolutely true men; your transactions, remember the final account. Iwe mcan to have an unadulterated faith in God;



BY H. W. B.

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we mean to have the utmost sincerity of life; we been best fed and best sustained when they
mean to burn with a courage that shall never have followed Christ the pearest. I will not say
know obliquity; we mean to be enterprising, that those who follow Christ at all hazards will
abounding in work. And yet, when we come out be best sustained outwardly, (though they will
of the inspirational hours that sometimes come to have enough for their outward wants; or, when
us, and enter upon the actual experience of life, they do not have this, what is better, they will
we come into the economic and argumentative die); but they will bave, in spite of their cir.
mood. And the question arises whether it is proper cumstances, more of those ends for which men
in our circumstances which are always pecu. strive than they could bave attained if they had
liar—for us to do so and so. And in this mood conformed to the world.
we are always tempted as much as possible to Why do men strive? There is a pleasure is
avoid the cogency and urgency of the reasons the use of our faculties that makes men indus-
which incline us to fulfil our duties, and to argue trious and enterprising; that leads them to
whether it is best for us, or ours, and for the become engineers, mechanics, labouring men,
world about us, to press forward in the path of or scholars. There is pleasure in a life of activity.
duty which is opened before us.

But mainly men are living for the sake of
Now, I do not undertake to say that these supplying themselves with a multitude of world-
casuistical questions are not a part of our neces- ly benefits; that they may have a broader foun-
sity, but I do say that the application of truths dation for their family; that they may, if
and principles requires right judgment and the possible, derive more enjoyment from leisure;
continuous exercise thereof. It is not half so that they may multiply the sources of their
much trouble to know what the truth is in improvement. In other words, various joy, that
general as it is to know what the truth is at shall develop the mind, and fill up the heart;
any particular time, and in its applications to the evading of evil, which is a reflex seeking
particular phases of experience. And it is at for possible joy—this is that which is the uni-
this point, not that we are necessarily deceived, versal spring, the grand motive, of human action;
but that we are extremely liable to lean toward and when you take away from a man the fear
& compliance with worldly ways and customs, of evil and the hope of joy, you paralyze him.
for the sake of getting along easier; for the No map would be more than a leaf on a stream
sake of having more certain, solid, assured that had not this fear or this hope.

Now, it is the experience of men, and one of “ Man shall not live by bread alope,” said those experiences which we come to slowly and the Saviour, when he was himself tempted. reluctantly, and which dawn upon us only after we And the promise of our text is, Do not comply have gone through a long course of struggle, with evil under any circumstances; do not give that, after all, we find more happiness in the way to worldly counsels, where they are distinct-faithful performance of Christian duty at every ly opposite to spiritual counsels; do not consume hazard and sacrifice than we would have found yourselves with anxieties; do not use your with unobstructed freedom along the course of strength needlessly; do not expend it on this prosperity. thing or that when it might be better spent on "Let me take the case, for instance, of a man something else; do not judge your prosperity that pursues the most innocent course of life. by outward signs alone, and you shall have your It is thought of industry that it is good; that reward. I will give to every man that means it is right; that it is praiseworthy. It is. But to maintain a godly and pure life-to every such little by little man in the course of duty perils man,

whatever may be bis trials, whatever may himself for others' sake, and begins to undermine be his perils, and whatever may be his induce his health and strength. And men say, " It is ments, if he only will overcome bis temptations, a pity that this man should not have avoided I will give a hidden support. I will feed him this excessive taxation upon his physical system. in wardly. As the Israelite had visible manna, There is moderation in all things." But I have so he shall have manna that is invisible, hidden, taken potice that, when it is moral things, mystic

moderation is known to all men; and when it There is nothing that seems more apparent to is physical things, moderation is known to no. men of the world than for a man to stand, as it is body. There is a general public sentiment that said, in his own light; for a man to give up posi- zeal and fervor for the animal system is all tive, in many respects, it may be innocent good, right enough; but that for the moral pature for the sake of some notion, some ism, some there should be great moderation and self-re. moral scruple. But yet it has been the expe- straint. And so men look with pity upon a man rience and the testimony of more than one can that has been laid aside from activity by reason count of blessed saints in beaven, and of multi. of over-exertion in the discharge of the most tudes that still dwell upon earth, and are en solemn duties that can be known in the provigaged in its conflicts, that, no matter bow rugged dence of God. or steep the path may have been, they have! It is hard to stand still enforcedly; and yet

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many a man has learned, after the first days of|ver nor gold. Why, you have come to that bitterness, that he could reap more joy bed state in which all the holy men on earth were ! ridden than he could on his feet.

Prophets, patriarchs, apostles, ministering teachIt is the royal road to learn of love. Is there ers of God, and the best men that have dwelt anything better than that a man should love upon the face of the earth, bad not where to lay bis wife, or that a woman should love her hus their head. Şilver and gold had they none. band? Is there anything nobler than the love But they had manhood; they had courage ; which they give to their children? Is there any they had the power to sing and pray; they hart thing that is a more fit emblem of heaven that which enabled them to influence men for than a Christian family, where conscience, and good. And there are many such now a days. knowledge, and pure and true love unite all the And to them I say, bear this witness among members of it? And may not a man say, with your fellow-men : 16 God comforts we ;

he some reason, "Let us build here three taber. makes my life bet er than any power on the nacles, and abide in this paradise of God ?" globe could make it; food which no man can But in the providence of God one child dies, give gives he to me-hidden food, soul manna. and another child is prostrated with sickness, and And so I am sustained in going through persealienations come in to disturb the peace of the cutions for righteousness’ sake."-N.Y. Ind. family circle, and the household is divided and scattered, and the paradise is invaded, and thorns

POWER OF A GENTLE REBUKE. and thistles come up where were blossoms and A number of passengers were discussing the fruits ; and under such circumstances a man is exciting questions of the day on board a steamtempted to charge God falsely. And where there boat on one of our Western rivers. Oaths were has been such temptation, and waste, and sick- frequently heard; and one man, in particular, ness, and desolation, and the heart has been bur. in almost every sentence used the name of his dened with sorrow, and the head has been bow. Maker in a most irreverent manner. ed down with grief, and suffering bas written its Away from this excited party, but within lines on the face, at last, though for the present hearing distance, sat a young lady with her these things are not joyous, they begin to bring husband and friends. The profanity was nopatience, and inwardness, and hunger for that ticed by them, and they seemed shocked by its which the earth cannot supply, and to cause the boldness. They could talk, but the timid, soul to cry out, "O God, feed me, and give me the shrinking lady could act. “I can bear it no manda out of the cloud and darkness. How longer," she said, as she left her seat, and glided many persons have come at last to bear witness, into the circle of the now loud avd angry dis"I have learned what I could not have learned putants. Placing her hand on the arm of the if I had been spared from sorrow."

one who had shocked her by his oaths, and There is nothing that is better, seen from a trembling with emotion, she begged him not purely economic point of view, than to build up to take the name of God in vain; to think how society by material productions and external soon he might be called to meet Him in eterdiwealth. Far be it from me to say a word that ty. She said a few more words, and, frightened undervalues these things. But you know very at her boldness, she burst into tears and left well that we are dwelling in communities where them. everything is as uncertain as a shepherd's tent. The next day, before the boat reached its You build up your fortune, and God takes it destination, the man came to this lady, took her down almost as often as the patriarchs did by the hand, thanked her earnestly for her re. their tents. You are feeding from pasture to proof, and said, "I will not forget your kind pasture. And you are finding that here and words; I will try and be a different man, and there God meets you with overthrow and re- live for the eternity awaiting me." A few verse. And you feel, “ To what profit is it months after, the lady was called from eartb. that I have served God? What is there for me, The influence of that open and decided rebuke whose whole life seems cross-plowed and cross- will only be known when the secrets of all harrowed ?" And you are tempted to com- hearts shall be revealed. plain of the allotments of Providence. But do

Many of us can shudder, and deplore the open you suppose a man's life consists in the abun wickedness about us, but how many of us have

ance of the things that possesses ? Is the decision of Christian character to enable this your estimate of man, that he is a thing to us to reprove sin in the right spirit when the put raiment on ? Is it your idea of life to build opportunity is given us ? a treasure-house and put gold in it ? Have you never had a conception of the royalty of sonship, THE CHARACTER OF RICHTER is too marked and learned to love God and your fellow men ? to be easily misunderstood. His prominent And though all your worldly possessions have traits are tenderness and manliness-qualities been scattered, is there nothing left for you ? which are seldom found united in so high a deAre you bankrupt because you have neither sil- Igree as in him. Over all he sees, over all he



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writes, are spread the sunbeams of a cheerful Died, at ber residence, near Salem, Columbiana spirit-the light of inexhaustible human love.Co., Ohio, on the morning of the 15th of Ninth mo., Every sound of human joy, as human sorrow, 1867, ABIGAIL, wife of Robert Batten, aged about 70 fiods a deep-resounding echo in his bosom. In cears; an exemplary member of Salem Monthly and

Quarterly Meetings. every mao be loves his bumanity only, not his on the evening of the 7th of Tenth month, superiority. The avowed object of alí his lit. ) 1867, Tabitha A., wife of Joshua Clendenon, in her erary labors was to raise up again the down- 49th year; a member of Green Street Monthly Meetsunken faith in God, virtue, and immortality,

In the prime of life this Friend has been removed and in an egotistical, revolutionary age, to warm from the midst of an interesting family, to whom again our sympathies which have now grown she was a faithful wife and mother. Having propcold. Not less boundless is his love for pature erls fulfilled ber duties here on earth, may she not --for this outward, beautiful world.

In his be entitled to the reward of the righteous-an evermind all this became idealised.

lasting home in the Heavenly Kingdom

-, on the lith iost., William P. Pussy, in the This spirit of love was not weakness but 76th year of his age; a member of Darby Monthly strength; it was united in him with great man. Meeting, Pa. liness. The sword of his spirit had been forged on the 12th inst., near Attleboro, Mary R. and beaten by poverty; its temper had been Paxson, in the 31st year of her age, daughter of tried by a thirty years war.

Samuel H. Paxson; members of Middletown Monthly It was not broken,

Meeting, Pa. or even blunted, but rather strengthened and sharpened by the blows it gave and received. ERRATA.–Page 481, second column, 8th lioe, for And, possessing this noble spirit of humanity, mockery” read "working." Page 482, second endurance, and self.depial, he made literature column, 8th line, for "conventionable," read “con

ventiopal." bis profession, as if he had been divinely com missioned to write.Longfellow.

TIE PENNA. PEACE SOCIETY FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. Gwynedd, on First-day afternoon, the 20th inst., at

Will hold a Meeting at Friends' Meeting-House,

2 o'clock. PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 19, 1867.


As it may be interesting to Friends, the following Meeting of the Lyceum was held on the 8th list of First-day Schools is published. Although full inst. It was one of great interest, and the at reports have not been received, it will be safe to say

that nearly or quite 1000 children attend, more or tendance was large. Several original, instruc- less frequently. Full reports from all se hools of this tive essays were read, one of which, “The kind is particularly requested, and should be ad

dressed to be care of " EMMOR Comly, 144 N. Seventh Cricket," is published in our present number.

St., Philadelphia."

Reading, Pa.; Green St. Meeting-House, PhilaTue FREEDMEN'S APPEAL.-We call attendelphia ; Germantown, Phila.; Alloway's Creek, N. tion to the “ Appeal,” which will be found in I.; Salum, N. 3; Goose Creek Meeting-House, Lia.

coln, Va.; Colored School, Lincoln, Va.; West another culumn, from “ Friends' Association for Branch, Pa.; Kennett Square, Pa.; Baltimore, M.; the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen." Race St. Meering-House, Pbila. ; Boston, N. v.

Gosben, Chester Co., Pa. ; West Chester, Pa.; Miami During the vacation of the Teachers, we min. Meeting-House, Ohio; Richmond, Ind. ; Mt. Pleasgled socially with them, and were deeply im

ant, Obio.

The last named is taught by members of both dipressed with the earnest steadfastness with visions of Friends. which they devote themselves to the work, re

FIRST-DAY SCHOOL CONFERENCES. gardless of the many privations to which they

The Committee have appointed the following conare subjected. The last Annual Report bas ferences, in regard to First-day Schools, and invite been generally circulated, and we hope will be the attendance of Friends generally.

At Friends' Meeting-house, Lombard St., Balti. read.

more, on Fourth-day evening, Tenth month 30th, at The letters from the Teachers, which are in-73 o'clock, (being Yearly Meeting week ) corporated in it, are full of interest, and give to day morning, Eleventh month 2d, at 104 o'clock.

At Race St. Meeting-House, Phila., on Sevenththe reader a correct idea of what has been ac Communications from absent Friends, and accounts complished through their instrumentality.

of apy First-day Schools amongst Friends, will be acceptable, and may be addressed to Eli M. Lamb,

171 McCulloh St., Baltimore, or to the care of E. Married, at Oak Hill, Phila., Tenth month 10th, Comly, 144 N. Seventh St., Phila. 1867, under the care of the Monthly Meeting of Friends of Pbíladelphia, of which the groom is a

Reason cannot show itself more reasonably ineuber, JOSEPH S., son of Joseph S. aud Ann C. Lovering, and Mary B., daughter of Daniel C. and than to leave reasoning on things above reason. Susan S. Cowgill, of Dover, Del.

Sir Philip Sydney.

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