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from us to testify our willingness to have a fair discuss public questions in a manner which it discorrespondence with thee. And what this approves sball be punished with death. Agent shall do in our names we will agree unto.

Congress bas passed a bill providing for a "DeI hope that thou wilt kindly Receive him and

partment of Education" in Washing'on. This new

national department is for the purpose of collecting comply with his desires on our behalf both with

such statistics and facts as shall sbow the condition respect to the Land and Trade. The Great God and progress of education in the several States and be with thee, Amen.

Territories, and of diffusing such information rePuilip THEODORE LEANMAN, specting the organization and management of schools WM. PENN.

and school systems and methods of teaching as sball Secretary."

aid the people of ihe United States in the establisb.

ment and maintenance of efficient school systems, DANGEROUS PAPER.

and otherwise promote the cause of education There is a great difference in the combustibili. throughout the country. The bill provides for the ty of common papers. Enamelled card paper. I appointment of a “ Commissioner of Education,"

with three subordinate clerks, and requires him to on account of its compact body and the presence

present an annual report of the results of his invesof mineral matter, white lead or barytes, is quite tigations to Congress. A bill in relation to the Indisinclined to burn ; in fact some kinds are dian tribes, which provides that they shall not be practically fire-proof. White writing and recognized as independent nations, but as componiprinting paper cap seldom be lighted by a spark,

ties, was introduced into the Senate. The snpple

mentary reconstruction bill was called np, and the and when ignited by a fame, it requires dex

House amendments were acted upon. The first wag terity to keep it burning. On the other hand, adopted; the second, requiring for the adoption of there is a common reddish-yellow paper which, the State constitution a majority of the registered in some circumstances, is as dangerous as gun voters instead of a majority of the votes cast, was powder. It takes fire by the smallest spark, and

disagreed to. The third amendment was concurred

in, and the bill goes back to the House. burns like tinder; when once lighted, if left|

In the House a resolution appropriating $500,000 alone, it is sure to be consumed completely. All for the expenses of carrying the act of reconstruction the yellow and buff paper which I have tested, into effect was passed. The Senale resolution, apout of which envolopes are inade, partakes more propriating fifteen ihousand dollars for the relief of or less of the same character, I bave po doubt

destitute colored persons in the District of Columbia,

was passed. The resolution in reference to the coin that such paper has been the occasion of some

claimed by the Richmond banks, ordering it to be of the fires which have been otherwise uder

paid into the treasury, was passed. The Senste plained, such as the fires in paper warehouses resolution, proposiog a joint role to probibit the salo and offices of professional men. A spark of fire, or use of liquors in the Capitol, was passed. Tho or the stump of a lighted cigar, falling in a S.

Senate amendments to the supplementary recon

struction bill were acted upon. waste-basket containing yellow envelopes with

The bill to allow colored persons to ride in all pob. other kind of paper, would have a good chancelic conveyances has passed both Houses of the Peon. of setting the whole on fire.-Prof. Sceley. sylvania Legislature. It only requires the sigbature

of the Governor to become a law. God's gift of himself to us is not a miser's The FREEDMEN.—The colored citizens of Georgetreasure, to be buried for safety in the earth. town aod Washington are about organizing a joint

stock Association, for the purpose of establisbing a ITEMS.

daily and weekly newspaper in the National metropo

lis. It is stated that upwards of two thousand dolAn International Anti-Slavery Conference is pro

lars have already been subscribed. posed to be held in Paris in the Sixth monih. Dr.

Goveroor Bullock, of Massachusetts, by and with and Margaret A. Griscom, William C. and Rachel

he consent of his Executive Council. bas appointed M. Biddle have been appointed delegates thereto

a colored man, named Gengel Ruilin, a Justice of from Frieods' Association of Philadelphia for the

the Peace for the county of Suffolk. There are al. Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen.

ready in Massachusetts a colored member of the Leg. The First Report of the Citizens Arsociation of islature and a colored constable. Pennsylvania has just been published. The ob- | The Memphis Post says:-"The colored peoplo ject is the reformation of inebriates. At present bave been so much better treated in Tennessee than the principal effort of the association is to procure in the surrounding States, that they will hire to lands and buildings for the uee and cure of the in- Tennesseans at less wages tban to others. Their temperate. A farm has been purchased in Darby, I enfrancbisement will now add largely to our laborDelaware County, of 107 acres, easy of access, sur. ling population at the expense of the adjoining States. rounded by woods, and admirably adapted for build- We are glad that many plantations have been diing houses of various sizes, being intended for vided up, and the parts furnished with houses and from five to twenty persons. It has been calculated rented to colored lessees on shares. that about one person in every seventy-four is an in- We hear of instances of this in Mississippi, where ebriate, which would make in Pennsylvania between last year it was made a misdemeanor to lease lands 49,000 and 50,000. The causes of this are ably to colored people. Hands are generally found to treated in this report by Dr. Parrish.

work better on shares than for wages, and more are AFFAIRS IN SPAIN.—The treatment of the people hired tbis year tban last. A half of the cotton is of Spain by their rulers is notorious, and that country usually allowed, from which all necessary advances bas been for some time on the eve of a revolution. are deducted. Wages vary, according to the band, The latest exhibition of tyranny bas been the an- from $20 per month, in some cases payable montbly, nouncement by the government that writers who l but more frequently at the end of the year.

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

" TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HEB NOT GO; KEEP HER; TOR SHE IS THY LIFE."

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 30, 1867.

No. 4.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Selections from the Writings of John Barclay........

Treatment of Scholars........
COKYUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYYENTS

Letters from Sarah G. Rich......
MADE TO
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Life to be Made the Most of......
At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, “ Ye are the Temple of the Living God............
Residence, 809 North Seventeenth Street.

EDITORIAL.....
Open from 9 A.M. uptil 5 P.M.

OBITUARY.....

............ TERMS:-PAY ABLE IN ADVANCE.

A Freedmen's Educational Society............ The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per manum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

POETRY....... ................
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

The Conscientious Lawyer.........
The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where
is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Abuse of Names................
AGENTS.-Joseph S. Cohu, New York.

Interesting Discovery........
Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

Annihilation............
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

Rural Miscellany...........................................

.........

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BELEOTIONS FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN neither to the right hand, nor to the left; suf. BARCLAY.

fering nothing overmuch to absorb, disquiet, (Continued from page 35.)

perplex, or divert thee from that which makes To E. J.

for peace; and pursuing the simple path of CROYDON, 17th of Eighth month, 1833. duty, wherever it may lead. Ah! how easy to My dear friend.-I must not longer omit prescribe all this,-how difficult to get to that assaring thee of the acceptance of thy letter, spot and to keep there, where the yoke, the wbich was truly cordial to me; evincing that burden, the cominandment are known and felt thy miod through all changes has remained, as to be easy, light, and most pleasant. I trust, firm ly anchored on that Rock which I rest as ever thy affectionate friend, can not be removed; and comfortably proving to

J. B. me, what I sometimes seem almost unable to

TO assume, that my own poor tossed bark is get

CROYDON, Tenth Month, 1833. preserved on the top of the waters, and this by Thy letter, my dear friend, I believe I have the skilful band of the uperring Pilot. Truly never acknowledged; but be assured it was in it is reviving to know, that we have compan- all its parts very acceptable, although it conions in this wilderness and warfare ; that we veyed tidings of a truly mournful aspect. These do indeed mutually desire to walk together things, however, must be expected; and those by the same rule, and to mind the same thing.; who are entering into discipleship, must bear to and that no temptation or strange thing has bear of what the Master forewarns them they happened or is happening to us, but what must endure. Though they“ hear of wars, and is common to men, yes, even the best; and that rumors of wars, men's hearts failing them for above all, He is with us who can alone do all fear, and for looking after those things” that things for us, and enable us to endure all await, &c., yet “ see that ye be pot troubled;" things through faith, of which he is the author and, “in your patience possess ye your souls," and the finisher.

is still the watch word of perfect and divine I earnestly trust, that thy mind is too niuch one Wisdom, coincident with the blessed experience. with the wrestling seed of Christ, to snffer thee of the Psalmist,—“My heart is fixed, trusting to be in any wise moved away, from the hum. in the Lord;" by whom the very hairs of the bliog engagement of filling up thy measure of bead are numbered, and everything overruled usefulness, in whatever way may get remain for for the good of his chosen, now as ever! And thee, or be pointed out; even that thou art en- they are directed in all their movements, so far deavoring to be looking right on, turning as the Master has need of them, in steadying

the ark, or bearing it aright, without over much remnant, whose bands, though hanging down, anxiety; trusting themselves and their cause, I trust will not let go iheir hold of that which which is His, to his own keeping. We have they have truly bandled, and which they know signs of the times enough to assure us, that to be their only hope, strength and safety. there is that at work in our poor Society, which No convulsion apparently awaits us,-it if pot averted, may beguile and corrupt, if not might be better for us if it were 80;-Do, no; shake us as in a sieve, till we be reduced to a the enemy is wiser than to foment this :-only little reippant. O! that we may individually be let us be induced to give up the true foundation concerned to know the will of our Master; for another, and he promises so gently and doing neither more nor less, acting only in the peaceably to glide us on it, that we shall not obedience of faith, making faith perfect, as saith know it; except that it will be less rugged and the apostle James.

| hard to filesh and blood, without any cross or Farewell, my dear friend: think of me for struggle; and there shall be nothing taken good, that I may hold out to the end safely. from us that we may affect to prize, such as our To John W- R.

customs and traditions, our church system, and CROYDON, 5th of Tenth month, 1834. so forth, -nothing shall be disturbed of all Most fully do I and many more unite in all this; and all the professors, and the world too, thou hast conveyed in thy last; and especially shall love uy the better. How instructive it in those clear views thou hast received to give is to see, that the most eminently gifted instru. forth (as I believe) relative to the state of the ments are only really useful, while in the church. My beart salutes thee, and bids tbce Divine hand and ordering; and that the Al. God speed on thy journey, travail, and service ; mighty is not bound to work by them, but as he desiring that no man, nor tbing, may hinder sees meet: and he can raise up striplings, that thee froin doing all that thou hast to do, in thy no Aesh should glory! It is the distinguishing measure and in thy day, for Him and his glory, feature of this heresy, that it runs among the for his cause and people, while life and strength rich, and the great, and learned, and the eloare graciously vouchsafed. O! how often have quent, and the gifted, and experienced. Oh, I remembered thee, and thought of thee, as that all who are not with us would even go out one whom the Lord has made use of in an emi- from us, and show their true colors; it would uent mapper, to uncover and bring out to view be more honorable, than to be endeavoring to the working of the wily enemy, as it is this insinuate sometbiog else among us, which our day; and to manifest the path of the Just One, fathers could not, neither can we adopt,-pay, and the work of God in and among his people. which we have protested against, and came out As surely as I believe the views, which we have from, when we become a people. ever held, to be according to Truth,—so I be- Thy affectionate remembrance of us is very lieve, that many up and down are preparing to precious; and it is our sincere desire, tbat thou acknowledge and embrace them; and that the wilt continue to think of us for good, who often old fashioned testimonies which are upheld in feel very sensib'y wl at poor unworthy, unprofitour early Friend's writings, will come to be ad-able things we are, and how we are borne with mired and sought out. On, surely, there is a and favored! Farewell, my beloved friend; goodly company without our pale, who may even may the Most High be our shield and exceed. take the places and the crowns of those, (be they ing great reward, and a very present help in who they may within the camp,) that desert the trouble!

J. B. cause, wbich once was dear to them, and which

To C. P. A. they bonored; but who now seek to undermine,

CROYDON, Tenth month, 1834. lay waste, or make of none effect; endeavoring! My beloved friends.—I am ready to beliere also to lower the standard, and make it square you would not attribute my eilence to neglect with their own potions and practice. It seems or want of feeling, were I even longer to forbear to me, that the spares and temptations are more to communicate by pen and ink. I trust we and core seen through by Friends at large, es- are too much like epistles written in de pecially the lowly, costrite, little, teachable another's hearts, that this should have place. ones—the poor of the flock.

Be assured, however, that it is very pleasant to I have been absent from home three months me to salute you from my home. this summer in Corowall, &o., having liberty I visited dear W. Byrd, and found him comfor religious service among Friends, as way fortable in mind; he had lately been taken into might open; and found myself obliged to join the garden, and was placed by the grave of his hands with a beloved Friend, in visiting the wife for å sbort time. I thought him more families of Falmouth Monthly Meeting. I have bright, and clear, and collected in bis faculties had much occasion to notice, that, though the and memory, than when his wife was living standing of many seems in slippery places and The retrospect of my journey, leaves me nothoa shifting ground, and many of understanding ing but peace hitherto; and my only dismay yet fall, there is nevertheless a worthy I quietude is, lest I should not duly estimate this

blessing, with those also that have attended me Christ Jesus concerning us,—that thus we
throughout. I think nothing has failed, of what should "glorify him in the fires." Our busi-
it seemed given me to expect beforehand would ness is to stay ourselves upon the Lord, and
be allotted and meted out. It has been an in- fully to realize the truth,--that all things will
structive humbling time; and in this I rejoice be found to work together, and to have
greatly, for there is no state, I so desire to be happened, for the very best, to those that above
preserved in, as that of pure dependence, fear, all things desire to love and serve Him. May
and tenderness of spirit. I gave in my report we more and more exercise ourselves in these
to our Monthly Meeting, and endeavored to views, that we may in no wise be moved by
stir up the poor flagging mind to faith, zeal, and these or any afflictions; but that the further
love ; but things are fiat nuw-a-days : sometimes we go, the more we may witness of the Lord's
uoder a sense of it, one is ready to say, “ My wonders in the deeps, and be confirmed in the
soul is sick with sighing," and “Oh, that I had experience of his mercy, faithfulness, and
in the wilderness a logging place," &c. Yet at strength; though it should be continually made
other times, when favored to rise above a sel. manifest and made perfect in our abundant
fish interest and anxiety, one cannot but see it weakness. O! the times and the seasons are
is very needful there should be a falling away well left in his hand, who ordereth or overrul.
first, that the man of sin may be revealed, and eth all things well. And in the present low
more and more discovered, and that Zion may and trying state of things, it is not to be won-
be more and more redeemed through judgment, dered at, that oppression and obstruction are
and saved as by fire. Oh, may nothing in low permitted to be felt, to the bowing down of the
and trying seasons be permitted to intervene very souls of some !
and trouble us unprofitably, either as to our in-

(To be contioned.)
dividual lot and state, or as regards our precious

Those whose souls are so far renewed that fellowship and unity in that which is unchange they can be said to have entered into the Diving able, or as to the state of the church or the Union, find that, in every season, they have eviworld, but may we continue in faith and pa. dence of God's nearness and intimacy. And it tience to the end.

J. B.

adds to their happiness to know, that He is pres[In a letter to another friend about the same ent to them in the fulness and perfection of date, alluding to his late journey, he says :) - His nature,-just as much as if they were the "Though the humiliations have been frequent only beings in the universe.— Upham. and great, a sense of preserving help has never been withheld in the peedful measure, and at

For Friends' Intelligencer. the needful time. I have found no wonderful

THE TREATMENT OF SCHOLARS. enlargement; but in my little way, have endea It is painful to observe, even in schools under vored to sympathize with the suffering secd, the care of Friends, bow readiness in memori. the wrestling remnant, who are concerned zing lessons, or facility in acquiring favorite above all things to maintain the testimony of branches of knowledge, is made the ground of Jesus, by dying daily to themselves. And the preferences among the pupils. The smart Lord will still keep these in the hollow of his scholar too often enjoys the special favor of the band; and, amidst all exercises and tribula- teacher, though possessing, perhaps, less of the tions, such will grow. May we ever be counted really commendable graces than some who are worthy of taking our lot among this number, less apt at learning. Every loving parent must drinking into one Spirit.

feel that this is wrong; the bindmost of the

flock often claims the largest share of parental То

love. The very absence of that facility wbich 16th of Twelfih month, 1834.–Unless we is sometimes early developed, though by no have forfeited our privileges as Christians, and means indicative of real superiority, is an in. are utterly lost to all right feeling of Divine centive to affectionate care and encouragement help, it is natural and likely, and consistent on the part of the discriminating parent. So with the provisions of Divine wisdom, that as should it be in that larger sphere, outside the our day is, so should our strength be. Aud 0! domestic circle, into which we are obliged to the invincible, the uputterable strength of the send our children for mental discipline and cultrue faith, even but a grain ;-it is calculated to ture. Who can tell how much of the injustice overcome the world and the transient things of and unreasonableness of men and women is to it; as embraced and laid bold öf, and cleaved be laid to the charge of this vicious school disunto, it makes us heirs of life, and gives victory cipline? how much of the selfishness and upover death. 0! then, what cau:e, and also hallowed ambition of adult life was fostered into what ability may we find, eren to“ rejoice ever-growth and activity at school? more, and in every thing to give thanks," as These thoughts have impressed the writer in poor J. Woolman told iis attendant,-for this contrasting the discipline of some schools with is, indeed, the will and purpose of God in which he is acquainted with that of the “Aim:

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well School," a small but very commendable thou hast had to believe that all is in wisdom, charity school established more than seventy though to our finite view these events are unyears since by Aone Parrish, an older sister of fathomable. And then, again, that iodescribathe late Dr. Joseph Parrish. This, which is ble joy (in the midst of grief) in first realizing believed to have been the first established of the feeling that this cherub, which we loved the now numerous free schools in Pennsylvania, with such intense love while on earth, is now has, from its origin, aimed to elevate, by guarded among and one of the glorified spirits around moral, literary and practical education, a class of the throne of bliss. But perhaps thou wilt say neglected girls in our city, and its labors have I know not a parent's feeling. I admit it; been abundantly blessed.

but I believe I have known the nearest possible From the printed “Regulations for Teach approach to it, in the case of a brother's child, ers” of this school the following extract is to whom I was attached with all the love short made, in the hope that it may be deemed worthy of a parent's ; for it really seemed as if my to be followed by others : “ It is recommended life was bound up in his, and his attachment to that they (the teachers) endeavor to encourage me was nothing less than that for his mother. the diffident, repress the forward and presump. From the most blooming health, at the most tuous, and bestow just and ample commenda- interesting age, he was stricken down, and, tion on the diligent, attentive and orderly, how with a very few hours' illness, taken from 08; ever dull their capacity or slow their progress ; and until I was taken from his bedside in anand in an especial manner to endeavor to iinguish, at the time almost insupportable, his eyes bue the minds of the children with religious were hardly off me, and his tongue continued principles, which will be of far greater import- lisping my name as if claiming some relief; ance to them in more advanced life than any but that was not within human power to bestow, other part of their education.”

and his spirit fled to God, who gave it to us for E. P. la brief space. I think I may say the first mo

ment of consolation was, when looking at his LETTERS FROM SARAH G. RICH.

sweet but lifeless form, the impression forcibly (Continued from page 38.)

arrested my mind — Wcep not for him, for he. PHILADELPHIA, 11th mo, 12th, 1848. already is a glorified spirit in the regions of My dear Friend :-" They who are afflicted (bliss. "I say realizing ihis feeling imparted a often speak one unto anotber.” This expres-consolation I never lost. sion, or one with its import, I have met with Afternoon.-I received a letter from thee. somewhere, and the truth of it I feel, though some three months since, and have many times the language may be in spirit only; and in thought of answering it, but frequently have this way has niy mind been much with thee, pot felt well enough, and it had to be deferred. my dear friend, since hearing of thy late trial, The accuunt to which thou alludes, published though I am not one who has ever felt gisted in Friends Miscellany some years ago, I refor imparting consolation on such occasions, as member reading at the time. I remember well language appears to me too meagre for the ex- the awfulness of the feeling produced by it, pression of the feelings which are called forth and could I at that time have had the slightest into the sympathetic breast upon such events; imtimation that my situation was ever to apand, indeed, what can expression do toward proach as pear it as it has already done, I know healing an aching void ? Know from the alone not what a state of despair it would have led true teacher, experience, that such wounds can me into. For, although in the case alluded to, only be healed from that source and fountain of there was forcible evidence of a Christian resig. love to which, my dear friend, thuu hast access, dation, yet to me the dread, the horror, may and from which, doubtless, thou hast partaken I not say of years of helplessness, would bare of the balm of consolation, the streams of which plunged my mind into an abyss, from which it I may say from past experience are ever ready to could not, I think, have risen. The exclamabe poured into the stricken soul as soon as time tion of my heart often is-Oh! wisdom, bow prepares the mind to receive them; and then just in veiling from us poor mortals what is to how astonishingly can the contrite heart, which, be our lot in future years! and what mine may in the first moments of anguish, seemed closed yet be is wisely hidden from me; and I desire to every avenue of consolation, be brought truly constantly to render the tribute of a grateful to feel “the Lord gave and the Lord bath heart for the blessings with wbich I am sur. taken away; blessed forever be His adorable rounded; and though my sufferings at times. name.

are great, increasingly so, yet I feel that I hare • This I doubt not has been thy experience in much, very much, to be thankful for; and not parting with thy dear infant; and that, though the least is the ability to endure all in that the trial at first may have been like separating spirit which I trust has some approach to resigthe "marrow from the bope," yet, in an 00. Dation. But I must acknowledge there are shaken reliance upon an overruling Providence, times of weakness when nature gains the ascen

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