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fifth from last year for the extra week, the numbers y occupied by a colored family. The force of the will then stand 1450 for 1866, and 1112 for 1867. It shock was tremendous, yet the column of water did may also be noticed that, while the mean temperature not envelop the house, but rather brushed against for the month has been about two degrees above the it. The weather boarding was torn off, every win. sverage for many years, it was less, in all its phases, dow burst, and the frame studding of the building thau the corresponding month of last year.

wrenched out of place. The fence around was torn It will, doubtless, be entirely safe to assert that loose and carried away. After this it passed on, the memory of the oldest inbabitant" of Philadel. across the lots, towards the shops of John Churnphia goes not back to such a terrific hail storm as side, tearing up fences and erery thing that came in visited this city on the 25th of the month.

its way; fortunately for him, it passed to the north It commenced about balf-past 4 P.M., lasted from of his shops, thereby preventing a very heavy loss of ten to twelve minu'es, and did immense damage in property and perhaps life; the edge of the Nat)strom, the breakage of windows on the south side of the however, reached some wagons, drills and mowing streets, as well as numerous skylights, and in some machines, standing at the end of the shop. A twoinstances valuable merchandise stored under them borse express wagon was picked up, carried several was ruined from the pooring in of the rain. Large rods, and after being tossed about in every conceivamanufacturing buildings in wbich were many win- ble manner, wag ibrown out of the roaring vortex, dows suffered terribly. We bave heard of one where broken almost to atoms. three thousand lights were broken, costing seven hun A dearborn was drawn in and torn to pieces. A dred dollars to replace, and another where twelve hun- large heavy grain drill was gathered up and set dred were demolished. During the height of the storm down on tbe opposite side of the road. Near bere a some of the female operatives fainted from fright. In little child was picked up and carried some distance some instances horses ran away, in their frantic en -perhaps a hundred feet--over the fence into a deavors to escape the furious pelting, and the wbole neighboring yard, where it was set down uninjured. scede was one of awe and grandeur not soon to bo Philada, Tenth mo. 2d, 1867. J. M, Ellis. forgotten. One of our “ dailies" states that the specimens of

TIIE CAT BIRD. hailstones "varied from the size of cherry stones to tbose that were as large as hen's eggs," and graphi

(Mimus carolinensis.) cally adds :-"If a huge powder-mill bad exploded This unfortunate bird is more universally in the heart of the city, or if a hand to band fight hated and abused than any other bird with which with musketry and grapeshot bad taken place in every street, the damage to window glass could and nobody likes him. Perhaps this is in some

we are acquainted. Every one persecutes him, fully a' million of panes of glass broken in the city by degree owing to his unfortunate name—for we the storm, involving a loss of not less than two hun- have noticed that cats are universally despised, dred thousand dollars.

except by old maids. As an evidence of the quantity of bail that fell, it

The Cat Bird cannot be said to have any may be stated that near poon the next day a conglomerate mass of hailstones, nearly half a peck in bulk, song, but he is an excellent imitator of parts of was picked up upon the roof of the Bulletin Building the song of other birds. He has one note, howIt is stated that in Reading, Pa., some were picked ever, which is his own, and it resembles to a up measuring eight inches in circumference, and great degree the mewing of a cat. weighing three ounces. The past few montbs seem to have been rife with

es great powers of mimicry, and can imitate some unusual occurrences-extensive fires, severe droughts part of the song of almost every bird. Of course and destructive floods, (the latter caused by unprece- the illusion is not so perfect as when the imdented rains)—the hail storm just depicted-and the itation is performed by the Mocking Bird, but novel phenomena of a water spout, which passed over, still it is excellent. and "paused over'' New Castle, Delaware, on the 5th of the month at 1.20 P. M., constitute a few of them. of grubs, caterpillars, and insects of all kinds.

The food of the Cat Bird consists of all kinds The following account is abbreviated from one published in the Wilmington " Commercial."

Of these he destroys an immense quantity, and It was first observed, as an in:elligent ese-witness rids the farmer of countless myriads of these informs us, opposite the town, on the New Jersey side pests. of the river. From the surface of the water there

The Cat Bird arrives very early in the spring, aroge an enormous cone of cloud of from forty to and at once begins to build his nest. This is sixty feet in dinmeter at the base, very dense, very generally placed in a low bush or in a hedge, dark. From an overhanging surcharged thundercloud in the sky there depended a similar cone, and and but little effort is used to conceal it, as it the apexes of the two met. The sky at the time was

is very easily found. It is composed of grapenot clear, the sun was obscured, but there was no vine bark and the fibrous roots of weeds. It is rain falling nor any general shower. The water in always lined with the latter. The number of the two cones was violently in motion wbirling eggs is either four or five. They are of a dark round and round with the greatest rapidity, and emerald green, and measure .95 by .67 inch, making a loud noise. It appeared to be caught up from the river in great volume, and portions wbich

op an average. fell back in spray, shone and sparkled brightly, We do not believe that there is any bird making the whole spectacle most beautiful though which shows more affection for its young than terrifying to the bebolder.

the Cat Bird. The epout moved rapidly across the river, taking: it immediately sets up a piteous cry, and fiut

If any one approaches its nest, perbaps, ten or fifteen minutes to reach this side. It entered the town of New Castle on the upper side, tering before you, implores you, with mute and struck first a frame dwelling on the river bank, leloquence, to leave its young in peace. If any

He possess.

vocal powers.

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young bird falls out of its nest, and commences tricts be created, embracing all the Indians in the to chirp for assistance, no matter what species United States, and that three sub-commissioners be it is, the Cat Bird is among the first on the appointed for each district, whose duty it shall be

to reside therein. Confer upon them judicial power ground, to see what is the matter. If the eggs to hear and determine all complaintă between the of the Browo Thrush be bandled, the parent Indians, their superintendents and agents, with full bird will generally desert the nest. This is authority to examine their accounts, and to reject or also the case with most other birds. But with approve, as they may think best, with an appeal to tbe Cat Bird it is not so.

the Commissioner of Indian Affairs.

The eggs can be taken out of the nest, bandled and examined, (Indian Bureau from the Interior Department. Our

Hi I also recommend an entire separation of the and then if they are put back again, the mother Indian affairs have become of sufficient importance bird will at once re commence incubation. By to demand the organization of a separate department these, and by many other proofs equally touch for their proper and more efficient administration." ing, does the Cat Bird show its affection for its Professor Agassiz's immense collections in Brayoung. We have been amused listening to this fil bave been in good part opened and arranged. bird irying tó imitate the song of other birds. over 2200 species, 2000 of which are supposed to be

They include 50,000 specimens of fishes, represeating It seems to be blessed with a great amount of new to science. This collection now exceeds those patience, for when it appears to be trying to of the British Museum and Jardin des Plantes united, learn some new song, it will repeat the refrain containing altogether more than 9000 species. over and over again for an hour or more, du

A new telescope bas been invented in Paris for the ring all of which time it will be percbed upon was recently tested on one of the French canals. It

examination of objects situated under water, and it one twig or branch. We bave noticed that is reputed to bave enabled the observers to see peaupon rainy days especially he seems to try his cil marks distinctly at a depth of more than five feet.

This is the more remarkable, as its practical application will be to the examination at that time most birds are silent. The warble of the bulls of ships, without placing them in dock.

In a railroad of five hundred miles of the House Wren appears to give him the expansion of the rails caused by the heat of summer

length, the most trouble to imitate. His throat does not amounts to nearly a quarter of a mile from the point geem formed to execute this, and, as a conse- of contraction in winter. This espansion is all taken quence, be makes a most ridiculous failure. up by the joints between the rails. In conclusion, we desire to recommend this of marble fronts and other constructions of stone

PROTECTION TO WALLS AND CHIMNEYS.—The decay bird to the protection of the farmers. He de-into which lime or magnesia enters as a component stroys in mense quantities of insects and their and of the mortar joints in brick chimneys and walls, larvæ, and does not trouble the fruit much; which in many cities has become so serious a diti. is he not therefore entitled to your protection ? culty, is attributed to the continued evolutions of - Cultivator and Country Gentleman.

sulphurous and sulphuric acid by the combustion of

coal-each ton of the latter being capable of supplyTo be free from desire is money; to be free ing about seventy pounds of oil of vitriol. In addifrom the rage of perpetually buying something tion to the chemical corrosion, a mechanical disintenew is a certain revenue ; to be content with ing solution of the sulphates formed, and tbeir rewhat we possess constitutes the greatest and crystallization on the surface and in the pores of the most certain of riches.-Cicero.

stone, It is stated that this action can be almost When Plato was told that his enemies were faces an aqueous solution of super-phosphate of

entirely prevented by applying to the cleaned surmaking very free use of his name, he quietly lime, which, acting on the carbonate of lime, proreplied: "I will endeavor so to live chat do duces the unalterable diphosphate of lime. For one will believe them."

magnesian limestones baryta may be added. The

cost of materials is but trifling, and one gallon of ITEMS.

solution will give two coats to three hundred.square J. F. Kinney, special commissioner to visit and feet of surface. The strength of the stone, and its confer with the Indians in the vicinity of Fort Phil. resistance to absorption of moisture, are said to be Kearney, has made a very lengthy report, wbich en greatly increased by the process—a matter of im. tirely dissents from the conclusions in the published portance where the freezing of water in the pores of report of Gen. Sanborn. He recommends the rigor- the stone is one cause of decay. ons exercise of military authority on the part of gov. The Right WHALE.-It is the general belief among ernment, and suggests that the Indians be located whalers that the sperm whale is dying out, the num. in new reservations. 114 says:

ber baving decreased so much as to render it difficult .“ A reservation is his only ark of safety. As long to obtain a full cargo. The right whale, however, as he receives your presents and bounty, outside of still maintains its own in the Pacific ocean, only reservations, he will not adopt industrial habits. sbisting its ground to regions more and more remote. Withdraw, then, agents and support from all who so The Northern fleet from New Bedford this year bumremain, and transfer them to the military depart. bers one bundred and two vessels, of which seventy; ment. Subdue the five or six thousand who are now two are in the Arctic, iwenty in the Ochotsk, and fighting us, and, as here proposed, make the condi- ten in the Kodiak ground. Nineteen of the feet will tion of peace a prompt resort to reservations. When probably return to San Francisco, in the fall, to rethis is done they should pass under the charge of cruit, and eighty-three to Honolulu, from which latthe ludian Bureau, and the military huve no more ter point, should the average catch be taken, thero control over them.

will be shipped between 50,000 and 60,000 barrels of "My next recommendation is that five Iudian dis- 'oil, and 1,000,000 pounds of whalebone.

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

TAKE FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE.”

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 19, 1867.

No. 33.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.

Indian Affairg.......
OF FRIENDS.

513 The School of Christ.

515 Extract from George Fox

515 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS The Society of Friends....

. . 515 MADE TO Judge not that ye be not Judged.

517 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, Hidden Manna....

517 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street, Power of a Gentle Rebuke....

519 Open from 9 A.V. until 5 P.M, EDITORIAL

520 OBITUARY....

520 TERMS:-P AY ABLE IN ADVANCE

The Cricket The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per Appeal from the “Arsociation of Friends of Philadelphia for annum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen".

522 Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club. The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where European Correspondence..

623 It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. POETRY......

524 AGENTS -Joseph S. Cohu, New York,

Feed those Trees.......

525 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

How to be Successful.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Iad.

525
Willian II. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
A New Commodity..

527 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md. ITEMS

.. 528

: 521

INDIAN AFFAIRS.

BY S. M. JANNEY.

pay much

territory were doubtless made in good faith,

and intended to be observed; but the rapid The solicitude expressed by correspondents progress of our settlements towards the Rocky of the Friends' Intelligencer, in relation to the Mountains, and on the Pacific coast, were not hostilities now being waged between the nation. then forèseen, nor was it imagined that railroads al forces and the Western Indians, has doubtless and telegraphs would so soon be constructed been shared by most of the members of our through that vast territory. Where great Religious Society, and the inquiry naturally national interests are concerned, there are few arises-What can be done to arrest the dread- governments- perhaps nene—that ful conflict, and prevent the waste of life? regard to the convenience, or even to the rights,

There is reason to believe that the Congres- of subordinate communities, whose interests sional Commission, sent out to treat with the stand in the way of great public enterprises. Indians, are sincerely desirous to do them jus- The Christian and the philanthropist must latice, and it is greatly to be desired that a treaty ment the perpetration of injustice towards the of peace may be concluded. Until the Com- most ignorant, no less than towards the most missioners shall have reported to Congress, enlightened of mankind; but to restrain the there appears to be no active service for the movements and prevent the aggressions of a friends of the Indians to perform, but, in the population like that on our Western frontiers meantime, it would be well for us to examine so eager, so adventurous, so grasping,-is probathe subject, and reflect upon the means most bly beyond the power of any giverament. likely to prevent the continuance or recurrence The present safety and protection of the Inof hostilities.

dians depend upon tht ir removal from that All who have any acquaintance with this portion of the territory through which the rail. subject are aware that it is surrounded with roads are being constructed, their settlement difficulties, growing out of the encroachments on lands adapted to grazing and tillage, their and aggressions of the frontier settlers, the relinquishment of hunting as a dependence for making of roads through the Indian territory food, and their adoption oi the babirs of civilized. without their consent, the fraudulent conduct of life. It is believed by many that they ought to, some government agents in thehr dealings with as soon as possible, abandon their tribal governthe Indians, the sale of ardent spirits, and the ments, and their mode of bolding property in consequent corruption of morals.

common, that their lands should be divided The treaties by which our government guar. among the families, and held in fee simple, and anteed to the Indians certain reservations of a Republican form of government established

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among them. In the Weekly Chronicle, pub | territory, and instructing the Indians, they
lisbed at Washington, 9th month 14th, there is might prepare them for the inevitable future.
an interesting editorial on this subject, from The Indians must be subjected to the civilizing
which the following passage has been se influences of systematic agriculture and legal
lected :

government. The Cherokees have made great
“The Indians hold a peculiar relation to the advances in this direction; what insurmounta-
American people. They are partly wards of the ble obstacles are there in the way of the other
Dation, partly foreign nations within the terri. tribes ? That they are now warlike is true; so,
torial limits of our country, to whom is assigned recently, was the whole South. The Indiang
a section suited in character and extent to must cease to be warlike, or cease to be. Ulti.
their nomadic habits. This territory is profes- mately they must be citizenized or slaughtered.
sedly secured to them by treaty. They own it, It is more in harmony with our feelings as a
and are more indepeodent in it than the citi- Christian people, and with our duty as guardians
zens of our States. Yet it' appears that their of the aboriginal race, to try to civilize them,
rights in their territory are systematically in than to persist in slaughtering thein. Beside,
vaded; that their hunting grounds are rendered the latter game is une in which we are the
worthless by the cutting of roads through them. greatest losers; so there is the selfish considera-
The pending difficulties on the Western frontier tion of interest also to approve such a course.
are ascribed to the building of the Powder It is at least worth trying, long and earnestly,
River road through Indian territory without the as a settled policy of the country, until its utter
leave of the owners. This road is used for emi. impracticability is proven.
grant trains. As long as there are fifty hostile To accomplish it the Indian Bureau should
Indians along the route no life will be safe, and be made independent of the Interior and War
the sense of ioscurity will render the route Departments, and its chief officer should have
practically worthless. As we had no right to responsibility and power. It is not necessary
make the road without consent of the owners, he should be a member of the Cabinet."
would it not be better to abandon it entirely The reference here made to the Society of
than to keep up an expensive and fruitless war- Friends is worthy of our consideration. If a
fare, which is like fox hunting on our side, and field of labor is open for us in the Indian terri.
accompanied by frightful murders upon theirs? tory, and the Lord of the harvest calls us to
The new Pacific railroad, now built beyond engage in it, I trust that obedience will not be
Omaha, Nebraska, will carry emigrants by a found wanting.
route four hundred miles shorter than the Pow. The fairest pages in American history are
der river road, and the facilities thus opened those which bear witness to the amicable inter-
should be suggestive to the commissioners ap- course and enduring friendship that have al.
pointed to adjust our Indian difficulties.

ways subsisted between the Society of Friends
There are nearly half a million Indians in and the Indians. Our predecessors performed
our Western territory. Their habits of life long and painful journeys through the wilder-
bave demanded a large extent of country for ness, and spent much labor and treasure in or-
huntivg purposes. As civilization advances der to impart to their red brethren the blessings
their means of living decrease, and they be of civilization. Not only were they visited by
come enraged against the white man. There committees, but Friends were employed as
are wicked and worthless ruffians among the agents to reside among them, to instruct them
whites who find their account in the ruthless in husbandry and the mechanic arts, and to as-
border warfare between the races, and who per- ' sist in the education of their children. Their
petrate outrages on both sides, ascribing them sincere endeavors were productive of much
to either, as suits their purposes. In time this benefit. They were gratefully appreciated by
must cease. The progress of the country de. the objects of their bounty, and brought to
mands it, and it is essential that we should their own bosoms the consolation that always
have a well settled Indian policy administered results from benevolent effort.
by a responsible department. The treaties Experience teaches that for religious organi-
wade by Wm. Penn were always respected by zations, as well as for the natural body, exercise
both parties, and the peaceful sect of which he is essential to health, and a vigorous life always
was a distinguished member have been tradi manifests itself by action. Let not our sympa.
tional friends of the aborigines, and always thies and our efforts be confined to the narrow
kindly regarded by them. We bave often circle of our own Society or our own neighbor,
thought that if the Society of Friends, who so hood, but go forth into the wilderness, and
succes fully colonized and civilized the Sene. carry consolation to those who are ready to per-
cas in Western New York, and with such judg: ish. Those among us who are called to go on
ment and benevolence managed their affairs . errands of mercy, or of gospel love, should not
with the Government, could be induced to take hesitate to accept from their brethren the aid
charge of the subject of colonizing the Indian that may be needful, and those who are blessed

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with abundance should esteem it a privilege to

EXTRACT FROM GEORGE FOX. contribute liberally to works of charity. I George Fox was careful to go forth in gospel have showed you,” said the Apostle Paul, to missions as he was moved of the Lord, and the elders of the Ephesian Church,“ how that abundantly testified to the necessity of walking so laboring ye ought to support the weak, and or moving in the light." See his Address to to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how Friends in the Ministry.

R. H. he said, 'It is more blessed to give than to re “ This is the word of the Lord to you all : ceive.”

Every one in the measure of the life, wait, that THE SCHOOL OF CHRIST.

with it all your minds may be guided up to the How exalted the privilege of becoming a dis- Father of spirits, to receive power from Him ciple in the school of Christ ! It is exalted, if and wisdom, that with it you may be ordered to we consider the character of the teacher. 'In His glory, to whom be glory forever. All keep the studies of this world, the student in philoso- in the light and life, that judgeth down that phy, science, or literature, will esteem it the which is contrary to the light and life. So the highest possible privilege to receive the instruc- Lord God Almighty be with you all, and keep tions of the great master in those various depart- your meetings everywhere, being guided by ments. The student in philosophy, could he en

that of God; by that you may see the Lord joy the instructions of a Newton or of a Bacon, among you, who lighteth every man that cometh how exalted a privilege would be deem it. The into the world, that men who come into the student in geology who would study out the world might believe. ... . All Friends that hidden mysteries of our earth’s formation, could speak in public, see that it be in the life of God, he go with Hugh Miller through the gens and for that brings to God the fruits of that which over the highlands of Scotland, to trace the foot- shall never wither. . . . So in that wait to reprints of the Creator as written upon the everlast-ceive power, and the Lord God Almighty preing rock, would esteem it a glorious and exalted serve you in it, whereby you may come to feel privilege. But, behold! here is One who was the light, that comprehends time and the world present when the foundations of the earth were and fathoms it, which believes in and gives you laid. The student in astronomy, could be have victory over the world. Here the power of the the instructions of a Galileo or of a Laplace, Lord is received, whieh subdues all the conhow exalted a privilege would be consider it! trary, and puts off the garments that will stain But, behold! here is One that telleth the num.

and pollute."
ber of the stars and calleth the name of each.
The student in theology, could he enjoy the in-

THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS.
structions of a Wesley come down from heaven-
could he listen to him as, in terse and expres: an increasing desire among many of the mem.

It is cause of congratulation that there is sive language, he discoursed of the doctrines of bers of our Religious Society that its borders grace, how he would rejoice in such a glorious should be enlarged and its stakes strengthened. privilege ! Or, Christian disciple, desirous of be. Some of the suggestions which have been made coming instructed in the deep things of God, the in the Intelligencer bearing upon this subject hidden mystery of the life of God in the soul of the believer, were I permitted to announce that well for members of the Society to present, from

are worthy of thoughtful consideration. It is the sainted Fletcher would come down from time to time, such suggestions as they may beheaven, and would from this desk discourse to lieve adapted to its present condition and calcuyou this afternoon, with what beating hearts and lated to advance its best interests, for it is in glad countenances would you come up to the

this place of assembly! But, behold! a greater than effected. When compared with most other re

way that every wholesome reform has been Wesley or Fletcher is here, and thou mayest ligious Societies, we are comparatively small in sit down at His feet and listen to the words of truth and wisdom that fell from His lips, and zation which has effected so much good in the

numbers, but we cannot believe that an organithus thou mayest feel the throbbing of His heart

past, should, after two or three centuries, be as it beats in sympathy with thine own. Clark.

swallowed up in the various sects into which DARK HOURS.

Christendom is divided. Nor can this be the To every man there are many dark hours; case, if its members are true to the great trust hours when he feeis inclined to abandon his comunitted to their care, best enterprise ; hours when bis heart's dearest A comparison of the past with the present his. hopes appear delusive; hours when he feels him tory of the Society may in some measure account self unequal to the burden, when all his aspira for the apa hy which one of your correspoud. tions seem worthless. Let no one thiuk that he ents deplores. alone has dark hours. They are the common lot George Fox and his cotemporaries were griev. of humanity. They are the touchstone to try ously persecuted both by Church and State; whether we are current coin or not.

they made religion the business of their lives,

For Friends' Intelligencer.

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