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these schools is 4,822, and the average attendance is It is a communion with God. Oh! brethren,
3,535, or 73 3 per cent.
' In Alexandria (city and county) and Fairfax Co., prayer is not an apostrophe to woods and wilds l'a., there are twenty-six schools, with thirty five and waters. It is not a moan cast forth into the teachers, twenty-nine wbite ard six colored, and viewless winds, nor a bootless behest expended 1,756 pupils. The average is 1,204, or sixty-eight on a passing cloud. It is not a plaintive cry per cent.
The local superintendent remarks: “When we directed to an empty echo, that can send back
first opened our schools in Alexandria, there was nothing but another cry. Prayer is a living almost universal opposition and ridicvie. Now the heart that speaks in a living ear, the ear of the people are strongly convinced of their benefits, and, living God.
at the late public examination, wbich was crowded with the white citizens of the place, astonishment
and even deligh: was expressed at the fine appear. JOHN NEWTON once said: " The art of
!!ance of the pupils, and the great progress they had spreading rumors may be compared to the art made. of pin making. There is usually some truth, The public school board of Washington is now which I call the wire; as this passes from hand
favorable to the education of the colored people, and to hand, one gives it a polish, another a point,
are taking out vigorous measures to carry on their
schools in connection with the board. In June there others inake and put on the head, and at last
were thirty-two schools, baving an average attend. the pin is completed.”
ance of over 90 per cent. One school in Georgetown, and the M-street school, reported an average
attendance of 100 per cent. This, in respect to atITEMS.
tendance, is the best report of the year. Of the 135 One of the wealthy men of New Orleans, the late teachers in the District, 109 are white and 26 colored. Jobn McDonough, bad engraved upon his tomb a The average whole attendance is over 44 per cent. series of maxims, which be says he adopted for the Of these schools, thirty-eight are primary, twentyguidance of his life, in 1804, and to which he at- eight intermediate, five grammar, and most of the tributes his success in business. He mahes them remainder of mixed grades. John E. Turner bas public for the benefit of all who desire to become taught a class of meo, fitting for the Ministry, in a
i they are worth reproduction here :- Rules | room on Louisiana avenue, furnished bim by the for Guidance of My Life, 1804.-Remember always bureau. This class has at times been quite large, that labor is one of the conditions of our existence. but the attendance, owing to the necessities of tbe Time is gold ; throw not one minute away, but place men, has been quite irregular. each one to account. Do uoto all men as you would
A charter has been granted by Congress for the be done by. Never put off till to-morrow what you Howard University, which is open to all of both can do to-day. Never bid another do what you can sexes, without distinction of color. This institution do yourself. Never covet what is not your own. bids fair to do great good. Its beautiful site, so opNever think any matter so trifting as not to deserve | portunely and wisely secured, is an earnest of sucnotice. Never give out that which does not first cess. Large and commodious buildings are soon to come in. Never spend but to produce. Let the be erected thereon. The normal and preparatory greatest order regulate the transactions of your life. departments of the University were opened on the Study in your course of life to do the greatest 1st of May, under the instruction of Rev. E. F. amount of good. Deprive yourself of nothing neces.
Williams, an accomplished scholar and a thoropgh sary to your comfort, but live in an bonorable sim. teacher. At the close of the month the school pum. plicity. Labor, then, to the last moment of your ex bered thirty-one scholars; it has now increased to istence. Pursue strictly the abore rules, and the about sixty. Miss Lord, so long a popular teacher Divine blessing and riches of every kind will flow of this city, has been appointed assistant. The upon you to your heart's content; but, first of all, grade of this school is low for its name, but the stu. remember that the cbies and great duty of your life dents are making good advancement. should be to tend, by all means in your power, to the One school-house, large enough to accommodate honor and glory of our Divine Creator. The conclu-four hundred scholars, has been built by the bureau sion to whicb I have arrived is, that without ten- in Alexandria, Va., and it has assisted in building perance there is no health; witbout virtue no order; three houses of the same size in the District of Cowitbont religion no happiness; and that the aim of lumbia. Assistance has also been given in building our being is to live wisely, soberly, and righteously. three houses in Maryland.
"JOAN McDonougu." Ten Northern societies are reported as baving The earoings of the Atlantic Telegraph Cable,
aided the schools in this department, the amount during the past year, are said to hare been over a
expended by them being not less than $35,000. The million of dollars. After heavy deduction, resulting
trustees of colored scbools for Washington and from the two accidents to the cable of 1866, there
Georgetown have expended about $10,000. The remained to tbe credit of the revenue account $140,
amount raised by colored people by subscription is 670, out of which a dividend is declared at the rate
very small. They insist tbat their taxes, which are of four per cent. free of income tax, upon the first 8
the same as paid by the white population, shall be per cent. preferential stock. But for these accidents,
used for the support of their schools. and & charge for back interest, tbe net earnings
In this District, if the trustees of the colored would bave paid 7 per cent. on $12,000,000, leaving
schools should get the amount now due, and that $70,000 for a reserved fund.
which will be due the next scholastic year, they
would bave about $80.900, an amount quite sufi. FREEDMEN'S SCHOOLS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF WASH- cient, used economically, to free tbe societies and INGTON.---The Superintendent, Joba Kimball, reports: bureau from auy further care of schools bere. But There are ninety day and night schools in tbe dis - as the speedy receipt of these funds is a matter of trict, in charge of 142 teachers, of whom 129 are much doubt, there still remains a work for the bewhite and 13 colored. The number of pupils in 'nevolent to do."- Washington Chronicle.
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WOMEN AS PHYSICIANS.
BY SAMUEL M. JANNEY.
cases the labor of a woman is considerd less
valuable than that of a man, and the effect of Having recently met with the Preamble and such employments always has been to degrade Resolution disapproving of "women becoming them morally and intellectually, impairing their practitioners of medicine,” adopted by the personal charms, their delicate tastes and their Philadelphia County Medical Society, and the attractive manners. Reply of Aon Preston, M. D., they have ap It will probably be admitted by all, that in peared to me worthy of notice and considera- quickness of perception and delicacy of taste, tion.
women are superior to men, and in order that It is not my purpose to enter into an elaborate the equality which we claim may be preserved, examination of the natural equality of the there must be some countervailing advantages sexes, as regards their intellectual and moral possessed by the sterner sex. These will endowments. It is certain that the position probably be found, not only in greater physical hitherto occupied by women in all countries strength, but in a stronger will, and a perrous has generally been unfavorable to the develop- system that will longer sustain intense intelment of the intelleet, and has made them more lectual excrtion. dependent upon men than is required by nat. It was formerly supposed that women were ural causes.
not able to engage successfully in intellectual It may be assumed that their physical organi. pursuits, but modern experience has shown zation is more delicate than that of men, and that in many departments of literature and that no training of the sinews and muscles science they can aitain to eminence; and when would copfer on them masculine strength. The the time shall come that they can enjoy all the natural ivference is, that their sphere of duty advantages of position and education wbich is not in those departments of labor that require are enjoyed by men, we way reasorably congreat physical force; they are not adapted to clude that their success will be commensurate guide the plough, to wield the blacksmith's with their opportunities. sledge, to delve in the nine, ror to encounter The elevation of woman to a dignified position the toil and peril of the mariner. It is true, in society is one of the surest evidences of a that among savages they are the drudges of the high civilization, for it shows that the law of tribe, that in some countries of Europe they love which Christianity teaches has gained the labor in the fields, and that, during the exist- ascendency over the law of violence or brute ence of slarery in our lind, they were sub force which prevail among barbarians. jected to severe agricultural toil; but in these There can be no doubt that an iccrease in
the variety of employments by which women (Deed be expended. Pausing merely to allude may earn a livelihood would not only conduce to the fact, that in barbarous communities woto their comfort and independence, but to the man is pre-eminently the laborivus drudge, intellectual and moral improvement of the and that in civilized society she is the nurse, race; and it is one of the most encouraging keeping her unceasing vigils, not only by the signs of the times that such a change is now cradle of infancy, but by every bed of sicktaking place with a prospect of its further ex- ness and suffering, with a power of sustained tension. One of the most remarkable instances endurance that man does not even claim to of this change in professional business and in possess; that her life is as long, and her power public sentiment, is the admission of women of surmounting its painful vicissitudes not in. into the rank of medical practitioners, and the ferior to bis, we come to the open, undeniable establishment of colleges to prepare them for fact that women do practice medicine, that they this highly responsible vocation.
are able to bear up under the bodily and The publication noticed in the opening para mental strain' that this practice imposes, and graph of this article shows that there are among that "natural obstacles' have not obstructed the male physicians some who regard this move their way. ment with disapprobation, and the Reply of There are in this city women who have been Ann Preston proves that she is fully competent engaged in the practice of medicine a dozen to maintain her ground in the field of argument years, who to day have more vigor and power
The resolution adopted by the Philadelphia of endurance than they possessed in the begin. County Medical Society is here subjoined: ning of their career; and the fact of their
" Resolved, That, in conformity with what they delicate organization and predominance of the believe to be due to the profession, the commu- nervous system, combined with their trained nity in general and the female portion of it in self.command,' is the very reason that, in some particular, the members of this Society cannot cases, their counsel has been preferred to that offer any encouragement to women becoming of the more robust man. practitioners of medicine, nor, on these grounds, The second objection, bearing upon the home can they consent to meet in consultation such influence of woman, has certainly another side. practitioners."
Probably more than half the women of this The ground assumed in the Preamble and city and country are under the stern necessity alluded to in the Resolution are briefly but of supporting themselves by their own exerfairly stated in the “Reply" from - which the tions. Some mothers leave their young chil. following passages are selected :
dren day by day and go out to labor, in order to “Although shrinking from all controversy, be able to bring them bread at night; others sew and seeking the quiet path of duty, the time away their strength for the pittance which has come when fidelity to a great cause seems barely keeps famine from their doors, and exto demand that I should speak for myself and hausted with their labors, they are indeed not for the women with whom I am associated in in a fit frame of mind to interchange endearthis movement, and give a reason for the course ments with their beloved little ones ;' nor can we are pursuing.
they, even with the price of life itself, surround The very grave objections to women taking them with the home influences and comforts op themselves the heavy duties and responsi needful to their healthful and harmonious de.' bilities of the profession' appear to be based, velopment. in the first place, upon the assumption that If the woman who has studied medicine they do not possess the ability to bear up under should be surrounded by a family of young the bodily and mental strain to which they children, we should surely regard it as a miswould be unceasingly subjected in this new voca fortune, if the same overpowering necessity tion ;' in the second, upon the presumed incom-should compel her to follow an active practice patibility of professional practice with the best during the period that these heavy maternal home influence of the woman and the duties of claims were pressing upon her; although even the mother; in the third place, upon the col then her duties would be less exhausting, and lision and practical difficulties that might arise her time less continuously occupied than are hers if different members of the same family should who supports her family by sewing or washing. employ two physicians—a man and a woman; But although the mother may not actively and lastly, the objections are made upon the exercise her profession, the knowledge of preground of the equivocal effect of medical con- ventive medicine which she possesses will surely sultations upon the modesty and delicacy of aid her in training her children in accordance feeling of those who may thus meet; and also with tho e hygienic rules which are now so upon the fact, that 'in no other couotry but sadly neglected in families, and will not detract our own is a body of womea authorized to en. from that pure, sweet, ' home influence' wbich gage in the general practice of medicine.' is the safeguard of the happiness and integrity
In regard to the first difficulty, few words of society.
We know of quite a number of medical wo- and they have appreciated the mental suffering men, who, in consequence of the remunerations which the dread of medical investigation has of their practice, have been able to make them caused. Physicians, too,--the father, husband, selves the centers of happy homes, which other and brother, --have asked our counsel in the wise they could not have done; and some of cases of those dearest to them; and they have these, iu their thanskivings for the daily inte- asked it because we are wom n, and as such, rests and enjoyments of their lives, count it they believed we might elicit the cause of sufamong their deepest blessings that they have fering, and apply the means of relief, as they been enabled to pursue a course which so richly had not been successful in doing. satisfies their womanly sympathies and affec We shall scarcely be charged with presumptions, as well as gives scope to their intellectualtion in supposing that our instincts may be as cravings and power.
pure, our intuitions as clear, our sense of what is The third objection, in regard to collisions right and fitting for ourselves as reliable, as and heart-burnings,' could scarcely apply to are those of the men who condemn our course. high-toned physicians who know what belongs We are sustained by the approval and syrato the proprieties of their position. The dan-pathy of the best men and women,---by the ger would seem to be equally imminent if the moral sentiment of the general community. medical advisers were both of the same sex, We feel, and society feels, that we are not and yet we all know it is quite common in this usurping the place of men, but taking a posicity for more than one practitioner to attend the tion in the broad field of inedicine which appro. different members of the same family-o one priately belongs to women; and that we shall being preferred for his supposed skill in one enlarge the sphere of professional usefulness, class of cases, another for his superior reputa- and cortribute to the knowledge which shall tion in another class; and we have yet to learn bless the race. that injurious results follow this proximity of The names of those who support our Hospipractitioners.
tal and College are largely the names of those The natural tendency would seem to be, to of whom Philadelphia is justly proud, as reprefoster care and research; and if mutual obser.sentatives of her intelligence, respectability, vation of the results of treatment should occa- and moral worth. sionally suggest improved methods to either That we have not had the facilities for ac. party, and break up old, sluggish routine, the quiring medical information is a charge that, it profession and the community will surely be seems to us, should hardly come from those gainers by this mutual stimulus.
wbo have systematically closed hospitals and The objection upon the ground of the inva-colleges against our applications for admission, sion of delicacy in examining questions of dis- and who bave endeavored to prevent the memease and treatment is indeed an astonishing one bers of their fraternity from assisting us in our to come from a body of scientific and right. struggle for knowledge. minded physicians. Who are the patients That we have stemmed this tide of oppositreated by these men? Often women-the sen- tion, and found opportunities for obtaining sitive and refined. The whole nature of the medical instruction-some in other cities and malady must be investigated and the means of across the ocean, some by persevering and longrecovery enforced. If, as frequently happens, continued efforts in various ways at home; that to save the shrinking sensitiveness of the we have found noble men in the profession to young woman, some tender, experienced mother assist us, and that we have been able to found or elder friend informs the physician of the hospitals and open various channels for practisymptoms, and conveys to the patient his con cal education, is due to the inherent vitulity of clusions, she, for the time, performs the part our cause, and its strong hold upon
sympaof the attending physician in reference to the thies and convictions of the community. consulting one; yet who will dare assert that That we have not yet all the facilities for inher womanly modesty is compromised, or that struction that are needed, we are fully aware.
the delicate reserve with which' a man is That 'there are female graduates who are a accustomed to address woman in the sick-room" disgrace to the medical profession,' we also is injuriously affected by this necessary and hu- know too well: for the sake of humanity we mane intervention ?
would that we could truly add, that the graduAmong the motives which have contributed ates who disgrace the profession are found only to the support of this movement, that of shield among women! ing the sensibilities of shrinking women has
From the nature of the relation of physicians not been the least. Men opposed to the medi. to society, not more than one man in hundreds cal education of women have, in some cases, follows medicine as a profession, and the proporchanged their views when the subject has been tion of women, under the most favoring circumbrought home to their feelings in the person of stances, will probably not be greater; but the some beloved member of their own families, systematic training, and the knowledge of physi
ological functions and hygienic conditions in. | cated for the medical profession, have arowed volved in a thorough medical education for the any intention to treat male patients in all kinds few, will, we believe, be reflected in many homes, of disease, and assuredly they would shrink and be one of the means of radically changing from some of the cases he mentions. If his that mistaken plan of education, and those moral sense is shocked by such medical practice destructive social customs and habits, which are by women as he has imagined, it would seem now undermining the health, and darkening the that he ought to see the propriety of transfer. lives of so many of the women of this country. ring to educated, skilful woman, a part of the
If it be true that in no other country but practice hitherto performed by men. our own is a body of women authorized to ena! There are, doubtless, numerous cases of deligage in the general practice of medicine,' the cate, sensitive women, who have suffered long fact is no more an argument against its propri- with painful disease, ratber than call in the aid .ety than is the fact that in no other country are of a physician, because no other practitioners the rights of the people so acknowledged and than men were accessible. In such cases fatal secured, an argument against the propriety of delays have occurred that will now be avoided republican institutions.
by the professional services of women, skilful We regard this movement as belonging to in the healing art. . the advancing civilization of the age-as the inevitable result of that progressive spirit which
For Friends' Intelligencer. is unfolding human capabilities in many direc Prairie Grove Quarterly Meeting of Friends, tions, and which bas perceived that it is the held 16th of 9th month at Wapsenonoc, near condition of the highest health and happiness West Liberty, Iowa. for woman, that she, also, should exercise the I have often felt it a privilege to have the oppowers with which she has been endowed in portunity of reading accounts of Friends' meetaccordance with her own convictions and feelings as they are held in course, in the various ipgs, and in harmony with her nature and or- parts of our extended country. Feeling tbus, ganization.
I bave been drawn to write briefly of the very inThat our position is womanly-that this work teresting mecting which has just been held in is established in the fitness of things and in the this beautiful prairie country. The meeting of necessities of society, and that the movement Ministers and Elders was held on Seventh-day, belongs to the revolutions which never go back the 14th inst., and was a season of favor, the ward,' we have no shadow of doubt.
members being united in judgment and travail For us it is the post of restful duty-the for the welfare of the church. place assigned to us, as we believe, in the order On First-day morning the attendance was of Providence, and we can do no other than very large, many not being able to obtain seats maintain it.
within the house. In the afternoon a religious But on behalf of a little band of true hearted meeting was appointed for children and youth young women who are just entering the pro- by a Friend in the ministry among us, whose fession, and from whose pathway we fuin would interest in the little folks is very great. The see impediments and annoyances removed, we precious children preserved excellent order and must protest, in the sacred name of our common attention throughout the services of the cocahumanity, against the injustice wbich places sion. difficulties in our way,-not because we are ig- In both Monthly Meetings constituting this norant, or pretentious, or incompetent, or ud- Quarterly Meeting, First-day schools are sus. mindful of the code of medical or Christian tained. ethics, but because we are women.”
On Second day the General Quarterly Meet This modest, concise and cogent argumenting was held, and was very fully attended. Notueeds no addition to render it conclusive, and I withstanding the presence of several Ministers, trust that the enterprising and talented women we sat in profound silence for nearly an hour, who have embarked in a movement so import- when a brief testimony was borne to the allapt to their sex, and so beneficial to society, sufficiency of the ioner light, after which vocal will be encouraged to persevere in their lauda. thanksgivings were offered to the Autbor of all ble efforts.
our sure mercies. Under an all-pervading and Since the foregoing remarks were written, I solemnizing sense of Divinė Goodness and Love, have read, in the Medical and Surgical Repor- the shutters were closed, and the meeting pro. ter, dated “July 6, 1867," a communication ceeded to the transaction of business. The state from J. W. Sherry, in which he notices Ann of Society was entered upon with interest, and Preston's “Reply," and propounds to her twelve several representatives were appointed to attend questions in relation to the practice of medicine Baltimore Yearly Meeting. The subject of by women. Some of his questions are not visiting the scattered flock in this western land proper for him to ask, nor for her to answer. was weightily considered, and a committee of
I have never understood that women, edu. Men and Women Friends was appointed to