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yet they should not be set up as a standard. telligent beings, responsible to the giver of
Essay on Industry, Economy and Moderation.
At our last meeting, the subject of moderagood things of this life.
tion of wealth, was pretty freely discussed, as In the course of the remarks, which were
was also the obligation to appropriate wealth to participated in by an unusual number, the worthy and benevoleut objects. The testimony peculiarities of Friends were brought under re- to moderation in our mode of living, holds a view in a way to impress us with the import: very provinent place in our Discipline, and ance of individual faithfulness to manifested was evidently regarded by the fathers of the duty, and we were reminded that by this means Society as inseparably coupected with its perthe vital testimonies which distinguished our manence and well-being; and I think an evenforefathers and are still in a measure main. ing devoted to the consideration of this testi. tained among us, have been brought forth and mony in its various branches would be we'l spent. diffused throughout the Society, and to some ex. There is a prevailing idea that, provided tent in the community at large. An interesting wealth be honestly and justly acquired, it is incident was related, in which, by a faithful and quite allowable to expend a large proportion of pon-resisting adherence to the testimony against it in the purchase of a large house (whatever hat honor, a Friend in attendance upon a court may be the size of the family,) in a fashionable of justice had not only vindicated the great part of the city, in expensive furniture, and democratic principle of which it is an external clothing, and in the gratification of elegant mapisestation, but bad called forth a public tastes. Now, as regards any exact limit to the tribute of respect from an officer of the court. gratification of all these desires, no standard While the habit of wearing the hat in our meet- can be set up, without leading into false judge ings is, on some occasions, connected with in ments and uncharitableness. But the watchcouvenience, and viewed as a habit, does not ful Christian, who knows by what imperceptible commend itself to general ac-eptance, yet the degrees he may be led from the right path, refusal to remove it on the pretext of the supe. while he prays not to be led into temptation, rior sanctity of a place, or the assumed superi- will not only not rush into it, but will carefully ority of a judge or minister is founded in truth, avoid the first steps towards it. Even if this and may yet be required of many of those whom caution is not felt to be necessary on his own the truth has made free.
account, he will feel it deeply as regards big In the training of little children parents children. The veighbornood, and the style in should be careful not to direct their attention which we live, the school to which we send our to their dress and appearance, except so far as children, the business in which we place them, necessary to neatness and cleanliness. The generally determine the character of their assoeffect of too much attention being paid to these ciates, and their most important connections in subjects, can scarcely fail to be prejudicial to life. That industry, economy and moderation, the permanent interests of children ; whether so conducive to health of body and mind, and they are unduly restricted and compelled to that satisfaction with simple, natural and elevaadopt peculiarity wbich render them conspicu- ted pleasures, wbich is one of the great secrets ous, or are taught to be very particular at all of happiness, are all imperiled by every step times to present an attractive appearance, the toward luxury. A large house, particularly it effect is in either case to give an undue promi- in the city, and in a fashionable neighborhood, pence to a comparatively unimportant matter. involves the necessity of a certain number of It was also urged that the training of little domestics. These bave each their special de. children should lead them to unselfish and gen-partments of labor, into which the daughters erous acts—to consider those obligations which of the family may not enter without a sense of in after life will make them useful members of degradation. They are thus excluded from society at large. In speaking to them of the some of the most healthful bodily exercises, and uses of education, the idea should be held up often driven to the poor substitutes of horseback that the cultivat on of their faculties is not so riding, gymnastics, &o., which, bring unconmuch that they may gratify personal ambition vected with a sense of ministering to the wants or reach distiuction in society, as that they may or comfort of others, are therefore less euno. fulfil their mission in the world as rational in-lling to the mind thao useful labur.
We are too much in the habit of associating
From "The Tent on the Beach." ideas of refinement and cultivation with wealth
THE BROTHER OF MERCY. and a certain style of living; and many parents,
BY JOHN G. WHITTIER. not wealthy theniselves, are anxious that their | Piero Luca, known of all the town children should get into what is called good A
As the gray porter by the Pitti wall society. But if this is supposed to be found,
Where the noon shadows of the garden fall,
Sick and in dolor, waited to lay down especially among those wbo live in a certain His last burden, and beside his mat style, there is a great mistake made. True re. The barefoot monk of La Certosa sat. fiuement is native to the character, and is inde Unseen, in square and blossoming garden drifted, pendent of outward conditions: the adiunotato Soft sunset lights through green Val d'Arno sified; wealth, which are sometimes mistaken for it, I
| Unheard, below the living shuttles shifted
or it, | Backward and forth, and wove, in love or strife, are often found in connection with inpate In mirtb or pain, the mottled web of life; coarsebess.
But when at last came upward from the street The simple virtues of industry, economy and
Tinkle of bell and tread of measured feet, moderation, are too apt to be associated, par
The sick man started, etrove to rise in vuin,
Sinking back heavily with a moan of pain. ticularly in the minds of the young, with par- And the monk said, is 'Tis but the Brotherhood simony, meanness, and a lack of culture and Of Mercy going on some errand good: good taste. No doubt the ascetic habits of Their black masks by the palace-wall I see." Friends in an earlier day, excluding as they did | Piero answered faintly, “Woe is me! the exercise of taste, and confining themselves
This day for the first time in forty years
In rain the bell hath sounded in my cars, only to wbat was necessary and useful in dress Calling
was necessary and useful in dress Calling me with my brethren of the mask, and furniture, has given rise to this idea. May Beggar and Prince alike, to some new task it not be, is it not the mission of modern Of love or pity,-haply from the street
s to divorce these improperly joined ideas? To bear a wretcb plague stricken, or, with feet To show the young that industry is the best
Hushed to the quickened ear and feverish brain,
To tread the crowded lazaretto's floors, bandmaid of grace; that moderation is not in- Down the long twilight of the corridors, consistent with good taste and a love for the 'Midst tossing arms and faces full of pain. really beautiful; and that economy, the i doc. I loved the work : it was its own reward. trine of uses,” the adaptation of means to ends: I never coun'ed on it to offset calls for the exercise of some of the bighest
My sins, wbich are many, or make less my debt
To the free grace and mercy of our Lord; mental faculties.
But somehow, father, it has come to be One of the sad results attendant upon the In these long years so much a part of me, indulgence which comes in the train of wealth. I should not know myself, if lacking it,
idea, easily acquired, that the pleasures But with the work the worker too wouid die, which cost the most money are the best;
And in my place some other self would sit
Joyful or sad, -wbat matters, if not I ? whereas a relish for simple, inexpensive plea- | And now all's over. Woe is me!"-"My son," sures, early imbibed, is a unipe of enjoyment The monk suid soothingly, “thy work is done; through life, of which those who have been ac And no more as a servant, but the guest customed to the artificial and exciting have no
Of God thou enterest thy eternal rest. conception.
No toil, no tears, no sorrow for the lost I have mentioned industry in connection Clad in white robes, and wear a golden crown
Shall mar thy perfect blise. Thou shalt sit down with the training of our daughters; but the re- Forever and forever.” Piero tossed marks apply equally to the sons. Those who On his sick pillow: “ Miserable me! acquire wealth, and live in a corresponding | I am 100 poor fir sich grand company : manner, are generally unwilling to place their
The crown would be too heavy for tbis gray
Old bead; and Go i forgive me if I say 800s in mechanical enployments. This was not It would be bard to sit there night and day, so in the earlier and more simple days of the Like an image in the Tribune, doing naught Society, before wealth had corrupted it. The With these hard bands, that all my life bave great-grandfathers, grandfatbers and the fathers, I. wrought, too, of most of the eldest here, labored with
| Not for bread only, but for pity's sake.
I'm dull at prayers; I could not keep awake, their own hands at mechanical employments; I Counting my beads. Mine's but a crazy head, ånd their honest toil was no barrier to their scarce worth the saring, if all else be dead. filling stations of the highest usefulness and And if one goes to heaven without a beart, honor. Will we not have to come back to God knows he leaves behind his better part. simplicity, moderation and industry, if we ex. | ity. moderation and industry if
I love my fellow men; the worst I know
| I would do good to. Will death change me so pect to perpetuate a society which has for its |
That I shall sit among the lazy saints, pattern Him who was called the Carpenter of Turning a deaf ear to the sore complaints Nazareth ?
Of souls that suffer? Why, I never yet
Or ass o'erladen! Must I rate them less
Than dog or ass, in holy selfisbness? soul's more sweet and full enjoyment of his Methinks (Lord, pardon, if the thought be sin !) blessed self.
The world of pain were better, if therein
One's beart might still be human, and desires humanely inspired course is to make those who Of natural piety drop upon its fires
are subject to its influence over-confident of their Some cooling tears." Thereat the pale monk crossed
ability to surmount the obstacles interposed by His brow, and muttering, "Madman I thou art lost!" their infirmity, and, in many instances, almost to Took up his pyx and fled; and, left alone,
persuade them that blindness is a blessing, The sick man closed his eyes with a great groan rather than otherwise. This may be kindness ; That sank into a prayer, " Thy will be done !"
but if so it is of the cruel sort. Better would Then was be made aware, by soul or ear,
it be for all who are engaged in the manageOf somewhat pare and boly bending o'er him, Aad of a voice like that of her who bore bim,
ment of institutions for the blind to deal frank. Tender and most compassionate : “Never fear! ly with their pupils, withbold nothing froin For bearen is love, as God himself is love; them tbrough fear of discouraging their hopes, Thy work below shall be thy work above."
but striving in every way to inspire them with And when he looked, lol in the stern, monk's place fortitude to endure and strength to overcome He saw the shining of an angel's face !
the real difficulties of life, which, sooner or ACCOMPANIMENTS AND EFFECTS OF BLINDNESS. I later, they must peeds encounter. BY WM. H. CHURCHMAN, A.M.*
It is laid down, as a fundamental proposition In treating of the physical and mental con- in the prevailing systems of mental philosophy, dition of persons who are afficted with blind that the unfolding of the intellectual fsculties, ness, it is almost invariably the case that they at least, is dependent upon the stimulus derived are considered as forwing a distinct class, sep- from the external world through the medium arated from the rest of the human family, and of the sense. In view of some of the pbenomenal possessing in common certain characteristics, manifestations of the peculiar, spiritual organicoporeal and mental, which distinguish them as zation which we denominate genius, the strict members thereof, whereas there is little, if any truth of this doctrine is sometimes deemed, in more reason, for thus abstracting and grouping a slight degree, questionable; but, in the prerthem than exists in the case of any other set of ent state of knowledge, we cannot do better persons, who happened to be afficted with a than receive it. At all events, to assume that the common malady. This undoubtedly arises from wind can grow into a condition of complete, the necessity of gathering them into separate harmonious action, with any one of its more iminstitutions of learning, where they may have portant avenues to sensorial impressions closed, the benefit of peculiar apparatus and methods of is to charge, that an All-wise Creator has eniustruction, devised to meet their wants, by ad- dowed his creatures with a useless faculty. apting them to the tactual sense. But it is very There are those who, either through ignorance desirable, on many accounts, that care should be of the elementary principles of mental science, taken to aroid this unphilosophical method of or from want of reflection, manifest great astontreating the subject. Its influence is an unhap- ishment on discovering that a blind child is py one upon the sufferers themselves, making possessed of correct potions with regard to the them, in many instances, feel their misfortune form, dinensions and other tactual qualities of much more keenly. than they otherwise would, material objects, and straightway proceed to acand in others, providiog a plausible excuse for count for the phenomenon by declaring that continuance in peculiar and unbecoming habits the power which would have been exercised by
the missing sense, had it been present, is merproper essociations, and which are as reprehen. cifully distributed among the remaining ones. Bible in them as in any one else. Besides, it But this mode of reasoning, it is scarcely necestends to mislead the public mind as to the sary to say, will not answer. Each sense has its capabilities of the human powers in overcoming especial function, and this function cannot be the obstacles presented by blindness, and teaches perforced by another. True, after the particuit to look apologetically upon any shortcom- lar notions which originally reach the mind ings practiced by the smitten ones, as well as through a given sense bave been derived, distrustfully upon their efforts to battle mapful through the functional operations of the approly against the difficulties they must needs encount- priate organ of that sense, they may afterwards er in their journey through life. Far better be cognizable by another sepse, as acquired perwould it be, in every point of view, to pursue a ceptions, but without the intervention of the contrary course, and endeavor to counteract every special sense which forms the appropriate chaninfluence wbose tendency is to foster the notion del for the original conveyance of these notions of isolation alluded to.
to the mind, they never could reach it. Thus On the other hand there is a class who run it is with regard to the potions of form, etc., to the opposite extreme and put forth senti just alluded to. In the absence of the tactual wents which encourage false hopes in the ob- sense from birth, though the visual one be ever jects of their care, as well as in the community 80 perfect, they never could reach the mind; st large. The result of this injudicious, though and so with the original cognitions of light and * The author of this article is bimself blind.
shade, which form the basis of acquired per
ceptions of the sense of sight, The miod must to stray beyond the established limits of mental remain forever destitute of them, at least in its science, the following summary is made op, in earthly state of existence, when that sense is great part, from the writiogs of acknowledged missing. Hence it may be remarked, in pass- authorities upon the subject. ing, that the marvelous, unphilosophical stories The sense of touch is the medium through which we sometimes hear, of certain blind per which we derive our first notions of externality, gons being able to distinguish colors by touch, or the existence of a world outside of ourselves. are utterly without foundation in truth. If, then, Without it, we could have no such notion. The these premises are correct, while there is no cognitions of this sense are exceedingly definite just reason for astonishment at the blind child's and perfect. “By it wc pot only know that a possession of the kinds of knowledge before quality exists, but also what it is. We bave the cited, there are, nevertheless, some notions of the knowledge, and we know what it is that proqualities of material objects, of which he must duces it. In this manner the perceptions by remain essentially ignorant, and therefore his touch lie at the foundation of all our knowl. mental development must, in just so much, be edge of an external world. We rely upon them unfavorably influenced. Now, it is a knowledge with more certainty than any other." Many of of the character and amount of this influence the qualities origically revealed to us by touch, which we are, through our present inquiry, seek- are subsequently cogniz,ble by sight as acquired ing to obtaip, iv the hope of being able to sug: perceptions. If, however, in any case, we bare gest some available means of counteracting it, reason to doubt the evidence of sight, we in. 80 far as such a thing is possible.
stinctively apply to the sense of touch, in order The human soul, considered in its relation to verify our visual judgement. ship to external nature, is sometimes beautiful. “ The principal qualities cognized by touch, ly likened to a musical instrument. “Regard- besides externality, are extension, bardness, ed in itself, it is an invisible existence, having softness, form, size, motion, situation and rough. the capacity and elements of harmony." The ness or smoothueso.” Besides these, however, senses, the brain and the vervous system gener. there are various bodily sensations of paio and ally, constitute the beautiful framework which pleasure, given by this sense, which it were the Creator has woven around its mysterious, useless to mention here. invisible strings. This living instrument is, at “Conforming ourselves, therefore, to the per. first, voiceless and silent, but when it is proper- ceptions of touch, we fiod that they are almost ly wrought upon “ by those outward influences exclusively given us by the hand. In this man. which exist in various forms and adaptations of ner we obtain a distinct knowledge of extension, the material world," it gives forth ravishing of size, of hardness, softness and form. When strains of exquisite barmony.
the body is small, or tbe discrimination delicate, Now, when some of the finer chords of this we rely almost wholly upon the perceptive wonderful instrument, those which carry the power of the fingers. In this mapper we obtain, beautiful windings of the melody, and contribute experimentally, nearly all our knowledge of the their rich blendings of color, light and shade to primary qualities of bodies.” the deep, swelling harmonies of irs ceaseless “We learn by a proper examination of the hymn of praise, remain untouched, save but subject, that not only does this sense emable us lightly, by the finger of nature, though no dis. to make large additions to our knowledge, but cords may result to mar the effect, yet there that it is really the original source of a great will be an absence of some of the parte neces- part of our knowledge of the world around us. sary to that full, rich flood of harmony which of its intrinsic importance, we may form an alone can satisfy the perfect ear of Deity. opinion from the fact that there is no case op reAnd herein we find the sought for character of cord in which a buman being has been bora the ipfuence referred to. Its amount will de- without it. By it alone, as in the case of Laura pend, first, upon the nicety with which the dor. Bridgman, we may learn our relations to the mant strings are attuned to the rest, and their world around us ; may be taught the use of consequent susceptibility to sympathetic vibra- language, and may even acquire the power of tion, as in the mapisestations of gepius; and, writing it with considerable accuracy. This secondly, upon the adaptedness of the means sense is lost only in paralysis, and in those cases which may be employed by kind friends to in which the individual, drawing bear to discounteract it.
solution, has no further peed of any of the orBut in order to present the matter in a clearer gans of sense." light, let us glance briefly at the operations of The conceptions of tangible qualities, like the sensorial faculties, or rather those of them the perceptions of touch, are exceedingly defi. which are sometimes denominated the intellect- pite. It is sometimes said tbat the blind, wbo ual senses, and trace the influence of these ope- rely exclusively upon this sense for their knowlrations upon the more interior portions of the edge of external objects, candot form abstract mental economy. To this end, and in order not conceptions of these, but must in all cases im
agioe themselves in immediate contact with the for once give a poor man something to eat, for objects conceived. This, however, is a great God's sake? How much does he owe anyhow ?" mistake. Besides being inconsistent with the The debt was eight silver groschen, and the acknowledged principles of mental science, it is Jew paying this, took the poor man by the hand contradicted by observation and experience. aud led him to the door. Those present did not Were such a view correct, it would be impossi. seem to enjoy the reproof which their brutality ble for a person born blind to have any correct had received, and one iusolent fellow cried out: koowledge of distance, or of objects of great “ Hey ! Jew, wbat bave you done ?--this is the magnitude. Nor would he be able to derive in. Sabbath, and you have touched money!” [This forma ion from descriptions of such objects as is forbidden to the Israelites.] “ You are right," have never been brought within the reach of answered the Jew. “ Just now I forgot that I bis tactual sense.
was a Jew, just as you forgot that you were Chris. The sense of sight is, primarily, simple in its tians. But you may rest easy on my account; function. Nothing is original with it, but per. I understand my commandment which says, ceptions of light, and its various modifications - Honor the Sabbath-day and keep it holy.' denominated color. These perceptions, however, Just get some schoolmaster to explain it to you, are exceedingly numerous. “ In this respect, and if he is a reasonable map he will agree with the intimations of the sense of sight stand on me. Good deeds have no Sabbath.” And with the same footing with those of taste and hearing these words the good man left the room. A part of that koowledge which we attribute to the sight, and wbich bas the appearance of be
From the Evening Bulletin. ing immcdiate and original in that sense, is not
AN OLD DOCUMENT. 80. Some of its alleged perceptions are properly the result of sensations, combined not only The following is a copy, verbatim, of a treaty with the usual reference to an external cause, of peace, and the appointment of a commissionbut also with various other acts of the judg.er by William Peon, to treat with the Governor ment. Io some cases, the combination of the of Canada to establish a system of trade by acts of the judgment with the visual sensation which the people of the Province of Pennsylis carried so far, that there is a sort of transfer vania and tho:e of Canada could be provided to the sight, of the knowledge which has been with such commodities of trafic as might be deobtained from some other source. And not un sired for the comfort of both Provinces. Tbe frequently, in consequeoce of a long and tena- original copy was written by William Penn, and cious association, we are apt to look upon the addressed to the Governor of Canada in June, knowledge thus acquired as truly original in the 1682 (185 years ago), and is now neatly framed, seeing power." Thus it is with the cognitions and adorns the walls of the Surveyor General's of extension, figure or form, magnitude, solidity, office. Io size it is 30 by 24 inches, and is distance, relative position and some others. written in the old English style. In the same These are all conveyed to the mind through office may be seen many other valuable old docucertain dispositions of light and shade. nents, some of them written over two centuries
ago. The novelty and singolar style of writing ANECDOTE.
is worth the time occupied in their perusal. The The following admirable anecdote is from first letter of the first word is about four ioches Breslau, and is of recent date. Not long since long, and is ornamental in its appearance. an elderly man with bare head stood in an eat- "The Great God that made thee and me and ing-house, surrounded by a crowd of people. all the the world Incline our hearts to peace The landlord held the man's hat and cane in and justice that we may live friendly together bis bands, and an impudent waiter stood betweep as becomes the workmanship of the Great God. the guest and the door. The confusion of the The King of England who is a Great Prince old man was indescribable. He seemed to be bath for divers Reasons granted to me a large for the first time in his life in such a scrape- country in America which however I am willsaid nothing, looked down on the ground, andling to Inj y upon friendly terms with thee. with difficulty restrained his tears, while all) And this I will say that the people who comes around mocked and jeered him. Justtben a poor with me are a jnst, plain and honest people that ly-dressed Jew, with a long white beard, entered, neither make war upon others nor fear war from and inquired what it all means, and with an ex- others because they will be just. I have set up a pression of almost feminine curiosity. He was Society of Traders in my Province to traffick told that the man had eaten and drank, and now with thee and thy people for your commodities, that ho must pay he searcbed his pockets in vain that you may be furnished with that which is for money. “Well," exclaimed the Jew," I see good at reasonable rates. And that Society bath the old man for the first time, but I'll be bound ordered their President to treat with thee about a he did not come here to cheat. And landlord, I future Trade and have joined with me to send suppose he had no money to forget, couldn't you this Messenger to theo with certain Presente