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Outward forms tleman, a member of the Royal Institution, May have specific ends adapted to our wants

took me to hear some of Sir H. Davy's last lecAnd our condition here, but if the life,

tures in Albemarle street. The inner life, that should reign over all,

I took notes, and Is wanting, they avail us nought, and prove

afterwards wrote them out more fairly in a But stumbling blocks to all who may be found quarto volume. My desire to escape from trade, Inquiring for the true and peaceful way

which I thought vicious and selfish, and to enTo Zion. Have we, then, need to go back ter into the service of science, which I imagined O'er the long track of Ages to the land Of once thrice-blessed Judea, there to seek

made its pursuers amiable and liberal, induced The Day-spring from on higb? to catch the words

me at last to take the bold and simple step of And very accents of those lips that uttered forth writing to Sir H. Davy, expressing my wishes To the surrounding nations, " Come all ye, and a hope that, if an opportunity came in his Weary and heavy laden; take my yoke upon you, way, he would favor my views ; at the same Learn of me, and I will give you rest !".

time I sent the potes I had taken at his lectures. O no; while humbly waiting in the passive state, And willing to be taught, He will appear,

The answer, which makes all the point of my Our teacher and director, in the midst,

communication, I send you in the origioal, reAnd satisfy to fulness every seeking soul.

questing you to take great care of it, and to let me It is not then within these walls alone

have it back, for you may imagine how much I Our work must be accomplished: we have need

value it. You will observe that this took place Daily to feed upon this heavenly breadThe manna of to-day, it will not do

at the end of the year 1812, and early in 1813 be To serve us for the morrow. We have need requested to see me, and told me of the situation Often, yea, oftener, than returning morn,

of assistant in the laboratory of the Royal InTo be upon the watch; to guard on every hand

stitution, then just vacant. At the same time Each entrance to the soul, lest sia invade;

that he thus gratified my desires as to scientific To keep our covenant of peace with Him Th' eternal Rock of Ages, whereunto

employment, he still advised me not to give up All, all must flee for shelter from the storms, the prospects I had before me, telling me that The trials and vicissitudes below

Science was a harsh mistress; and, in a pecuThat may assail; and safely gathered here,

diary point of view, but poorly rewarding those It will preserve us in our goings forth,

who devoted themselves to her service. He Our contact with the world and all its schemes, That we pay walk uprightly: long or short smiled at my notion of the superior moral feel. The journey bere allotted, we shall then,

ings of philosophic men, and said he would Our calling and election thus made sure,

leave me to the experience of a few years to set Become as pillars in the living church

me right on the matter. Finally, through his Below, and join at last, when done with time, The church triumphant with the faithful and the good efforts, I went to the Royal Jostitution good,

early in March of 1813, as assistant in the laboOf every nation and in every age

ratory; and in October of the same year went Of former generations.

H. J. with bim abroad as his assistant in experimen's

and in writing. I returned with him in April, MICHAEL FARADAY, THE ENGLISH CHEMIST. 1815, resumed my station in the Royal Iostitu

The death of Michael Faraday, the eminent tion, and have, as you know, ever since remained English chemist and natural philosopher, is an- there. I am, dear sir, very traly yours, nounced. He was born in London, in 1794,

M. FARADAY. and consequently was seventy-three years of Sir Humphrey Davy's reply, above-mentioned, age. Tbe son of a smith, he received but little was as follows: instruction in his youth, and was apprenticed

DECEMBER 24, 1812. to a bookseller. His tastes were averse to the SIR: I am far from displeased with the proof trade, but led him to the study of books, the you have given me of your confidence, and construction of machines, and the performance which displays great zeal, power of memory, of chemical experiments. Hearing a course of and attention. I am obliged to go out of towa, lectures by Sir Humphrey Davy, in 1812, he and shall not be settled in town till the end of sent to him a copy of the notes he had taken, January; I will then see you at any time you and requested his assistance to enable him "to wish. It would gratify me to be of any service escape from trade, and to enter into the service to you. I wish it may be in my power. I am, of science.” Faraday thus relates the circum. sir, your obedient, humble servant, stances in a letter to Dr. Paris, which was af.

H. Davy. terwards published in his “Life of Davy:" Returning to the Royal Institution, with

MY DEAR SIR : You asked me to give you which he bas ever since been connected, Faraan account of my first introduction to Sir H. day became Professor of Chemistry in 1833. Davy, which I am very happy to do, as I think His earlier researches were eminently of a practhe circumstance will bear testimony to his tical character. He investigated the manufacgondness of heart. When I was a bookseller's ture of steel, and the character of its alloys with apprentice I was very fond of experiment, and silver and platinum. In 1827 he published the very averse to trade. It happened thawa gen- first edition of the work on “ Chemical Manipulation," of which the second edition appeared on animal bodies; and explained the wonderful in 1836. It contained full descriptions of the differences in their manifestations resulting apparatus, and was the only practical guide for from its development in intensity or in quantity. the various operations of the laboratory. Ex- Dr. Faraday's researches and discoveries perimenting upon gasses, as carbonic acid and 1 aised him to the highest rank among European others, which were regarded as permanent in philosophers, while bis high faculty of ex. forın, be succeeded by liquifying and even solidi-pounding to a general audience the results of fying them. In 1830 he published a valuable recondite investigations, made bim one of the paper “On the Manufacture of Glass for Opti- most attractive lecturers of the age. Until cal Purposes,” and introduced a new variety, quite recently he made it a practice to give licwhich he formed of silica, boracic acid, and tures ope evening in the week pot exclusively oxide of lead.

for the benefit of the classes of the iostitution, He was early interested in electrical re- and the interest he excited in tbese caused them searches, assisting Davy in 1820 in prosecuting to be regarded among the attractions of Lonthose first entered upon by Oersted on the re- don in the winter season. lations of electricity and magnetisms; and in Few scientific men have received so many 1821 he performed for the first time the re- distinctions from learned societies and institumarkable experiment, developing the close con- tions. His great achievements were recognized nection of those two forces, of causing a magnet by the learned societies of every country in Eufloating on mercury to revolve continuously rope, and the University of Oxford, in 1832, round a conducting wire, and again a conductor did itself the honor of enrolling him among her to rotate round a fixed magnet. The magnet, doctors of law. The many distinctions, howstill more wonderfully, was made to revolve with ever, failed to tempt him from the post into great rapidity when an electrical current was which he was installed by his early patron, or passed over half its length. In 1831, the first to deprive him of the natural modesty and artof the series of papers, afterward collected and lessness of character that secured to him an espublished in separate form, under the title, teem more desirable than that called forth by * Experimental Researches in Electricity," ap- the highest talents. The Queen of England peared in the Philosophical Transactions. allotted to Dr. Faraday, in 1858, a residence at They were contained in this and other scientfic Hampton Court, and since 1835 be has received journals, and were finally collected in three a pension of £300 a year.-N. Y. World. volumes, 8vo. (London, 1839, 1844, and 1855.) They contain the results of a series of original

The “Woman's Medical College of Pennsyland systematically conducted investigations, ex-vania," already well known as the Female Meditended through many years in one of the most cal College of Pennsylvania, will open on the obscure fields of physical research, and they 16th of next month, and continue five montás. abouod in brilliant discoveries, the credit of which no one contests with Faraday. The From its Eighteenth Annual Announcement we ·most important of these researches relate to take the following extracts : electro-chemical decomposition; the induction We had hoped to note, ere this, some friendof electric currents from other currents and ly attitude toward our movement on the part of from magnets, leading him to the discovery of the medical organizations of our City and State. magneto-electricity; the influence of the mag. A spirit of proscription, however, still exists, net on all bodies, leading to the division of although many of our most efficient supporters magnetics and diamagnetics, and the optical are found in the ranks of the profession. This changes induced by magnetism.

opposition is, professedly, prompted by regard His experiment showing that the amount of for the dignity and usefulness of the profession, any compound substance decomposed by an and the consequent welfare of the community, electrical current is proportional to the quantity by respect for the sacredness of family and maof electricity employed, and that the elements ternal relations, and by a concern lest the separated in the same time are in proportion of modesty and delicacy of woman should be intheir atomic weights, makes it highly probable juriously affected. that electricity is the same force as chemical Far be it from us to treat with the slightest affinity, and that it is generated by chemical disrespect any sincere conviction, however much action only. The fact which he discovered, opposed to our own deepest sense of what is that just enough electricity is generated by the right and fitting. The intelligence, devotion oxidation in the battery of one atom of zinc to and high moral tone of those who practice tbe decompose one atom of water, is additional healing art, contribute in no unimportant degree proof of the same conclusion. He proved, to the promotion of the public weal; but we moreover, the identity of the nature of elec- repel the insinuation, tbat the admission to the tricity, whether derived from the battery, the ranks of medicine of intelligent and pure-mindfrictional machine, thermal or magnetic actioned women--and the admission of such only is contemplated by our movement-should tend I would choose rather to plod on in the round of to degrade the dignity of the profession, or les. the day-laborer, with remuneration barely sufsen its hold upon the public esteem. True cul- ficient to supply his most imperative necessities? ture in any department of learning is refining Exception has been taken, in the discussions and ennobling in its influence alike upon man of learned bodies, to the attaiements of women and woman, and we regard it as a libel upon in general literature and science, as preparatory the science of medicine to maintain that it forms to their medical course. That this exception an exception to the general rule.

has been, in some instances, well founded, we The friends of woman's education do not pro- do not deny. Avenues of learning have not pose for her a usurpation of the field of medicine. been open to women as to men; but with literThey know full well that the designs of nature ary colleges, as Oberlin and Antioch, now sendin setting men and women in families, impose ing out every year a class of women as thorough. obligations upon the latter, which they have ly instructed in every department of a liberal peither the liberty nor the inclination to disre- education as any of their male graduates, with gard. They know, however, that in every com- Michigan on the eve of granting equal faculties munity, numbers of women remain unmarried, to men and women in every department of her in plain fulfilment of providential indications; noble University, with Vassar founding its that early widowhood throws many a noble course of study upon the most substantial elewoman upon her own slender resources for her ments of collegiate learning, and with many daily bread and that of the children whom God other schools and colleges advancing in the has given her; and that, in not a few instances, same direction, we believe the occasion for unthe strong arm, which should have been the favorable comparison will not long exist. support of the wife, has proved but a broken We do not claim for our college facilities, in reed. It is estimated that, in our enlightened the way of apparatus and p reprations, equal to and refined community, fully one-half of all the those possessed by long established and larger women are obliged to earn their own livelihood. medical schools. Our museum is, however, well They are found in many avenues of labor-in supplied with models and other means for illusstores, workshops, countinghouses, and as active tration; and it has been the object with each proprietors of business which taxes their mental Professor to make the course of lectures in the and physical energies in the same measure as different departments as comprehensive and those of men are taxed. The teacher's desk, thorough as the time embraced in the lecture in our public and private schools, is largely season would aflow. The curriculum of study, occupied by them. The sewing machine plies and the requirements for graduation, we believe its busy needle almost entirely at their bidding, to be in all respects as high as those of the yet still leaves thousands unrelieved from the best medical schools in this country. necessity of stitching from early dawn to the We regard with satisfaction the proposed insmall hours of the night. Many other laborious auguration of a movement for securing more avocations find their chief support and their thorough and extended attainments to the only gains in tbe necessities of poor women, graduates of medical schools; and our college, who must, day after day, leave their humble we believe, will not fall behind its honored cohomes and their heart treasures, dear to them workers, in its endeavors to provide facilities as the children of princes, that the pittance whereby its students may be enabled to go forth earned may satisfy their most pressing wants. furnished unto every good work. When these facts are remembered, we may be pardoned oor non-appreciation of that pseudo

MOUNTAIN GRASSES. generosity that would shield women from the The wild grasses are taken, as it were, under strain of body and mind, the fatigues and men. the special providence of God. In their peren. tal anxieties incident to the study and practice nial verdure in regions above the zone of man's of medicine.

cultivation, we have a perpetual proof of God's Women are charged, on the other hand, with care of the lower animals that neither sow nor being prompted to the pursuit of medicine by reap. The mountain grasses grow spontaneousno higher motive than the feeling that it is re- ly; they require no culture but such as the rain spectable, less confining; and more remunerative and sunshine of heaven supply. They obtain than any of the ordinary avocations open to their nourishment directly from the inorganic them. We claim for medical women no immun- soil, and are independent of organic materials. ity from the infirmities of our common nature, Nowhere is the grass so green and vigorous as but admit their liability to influences such as on the beautiful slopes of lawn-like pasture high may be supposed to govern the purest and best upon the Alps, radiant with the glory of wild of men ; but what man, we would ask, with the flowers, and ever musical with the hum of grasstalent for a noble profession, and with oppor- hoppers and the tinkling of cattle-bells. Intunities for acquiring a knowledge of its princi- numerable cows and goats browse upon them; ples, and of becoming expert in its practice, the peasants spend the summer months in ma

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king cheese and hay from them for winter con-'

ITEMS. sumption in the valleys. This exhausting system

The Indian Peace Commission reached Fort Sully of husbandry has been carried on during untold on the 28th, and finding that at the present state of

the river they would be unable to reach Fort Rice, centuries; no one thinks of manuring Alpine they determined to go to the mouth of the Big pastures; and yet no deficiency has been observed Cheyenne, which is only forty miles above Fort Sully, in their fertility; though the soil is but a thin and examined the country there, and returning held covering spread over the naked rocks. It may ascertain what lands they claimed as reservations,

a couocil on the 31st with the Indians, in order to be regarded as a part of the same wise and gra- and what complaints they had to make, and to learn, cious arrangement of Providence, that the in. if possible, any facts that would throw light on tbe sects which devour the grasses on the kuh and causes of the late Indian troubles. The council schaf alpen, the pasturages of the cows and has been .held ; the Indians, more especially the sheep, are kept in check by a predominance of Sious, have declared what lands they claim, and

some facts elicited of importance. carniverous insects. In all the mountain meadows, it has been ascertained that the species Smithsonian Institution for the year 1866 has just

The annual report of the board of regents of the of carniverous are at least four times as numer- been published from the Government printing office. ous as the species of herb.eating insects. Thus, It appears from the statement of Professor Henry, in the absence of birds, which are rare in Switz. the Secretary, that by judicious investments, and the erland, the pastures are preserved from a terrible sale of coin received from England as the residuary scourge. To one not aware of this check, it legacy of Smithson, as well as that of the annual in

terest from the United States, not only have the operamay seem surprising how the verdure of the tions of the institution been maintained, and the reAlpine pastures should be so rich and luxuriant construction of the building carried on, without any considering the immense development of insect aid from the Government, but the finacces have been life. The grass, whenever the sun shines, is improved, and are now in a better condition than at literally swarming with them, --butterflies of permit additions to be made to the principal on the

any former period. If the petition to Congress to gayest bues, and beetles of brightest irides. same terms as those on which the original beguest cence,--and the air is filled with their' loud was received into the treasury of the United States murmurs. I remember well the vivid feeling be granted, namely, allowing the regents to increase of God's gracious providence, which possessed the capital by savings, donations, and otherwise, to me when passing over the beautiful Wengernent market value of the stocks in which it is invested,

8 million of dollars, then the extra fund, at the presAlp at the foot of the Jungfrau, and seeing, will be sufficient to increase the endowment from wherever I rested on the green turf, alive with $515,169 to $650,000, and still leave enough to com. its tiny inhabitants, the balante of nature so plete the general restoration of the building, provided wonderfully preserved between the berb which the cost of the restoration be limited to $150,000. is for man's food, and the moth before which

THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AT Paris.-TO he is crushed. Were the herbivorous insects the various anti-slavery societies was held at Paris.

or three weeks ago an international conference of allowed to multiply to their fullest extent, in the session lasted three days, and there was much such favorable circumstances as the warmth of interchange of opinion. At the close of the sessio the air and the verdure of the earth in Switzer- the following resolutions were introduced and passed : land produce, the rich pastures which now

The international conference of the French, Spanyield abundant food for upwards of a million makes a new and earnest appeal to the justice of

ish, English, and American anti-slavery societies and a half of catcle, would speedily become bare sovereigns and the opinion of people in favor of the and leafless deserts. Not only in their power of radical and immediate abolition of the slave trade growing without cultivation, but also in the pe- and slavery, already declared by Great Britain, culiarities of their structure, the mountain France, Holland, Sweden, Denmark, the United grasses proclaim the hand of God. Instead of and Southern America, and the Regency of Tunis,

States of America, Mexico, the Republics of Central producing flowers and seed, as the grasses in but still practiced by Spain, Portugal, Brazil, Turthe tranquil valleys do, the young plants spring key and Egypt, without speaking of uncivilized counfrom them perfectly formed; they cling round tries. After reiterating various decisive results of the the stem and form a kind of blossom. In this experience of different nations with regard to slastate they remain until the parent stalk withers very, the conference further resolved, that the com

mittees of the British, Frencb, Spanish, and Ameri. and falls prostrate on the ground, when they can Anti-Slavery Societies shall promptly, and in immediately strike root, and form independent the name, and in the most earnest and respectful grasses. This is a remarkable adaptation to cir- manner, address the sovereigns of Brazil, Spain, cumstances, for it is evident, were seeds instead Portugal, Turkey, and Egypt, soliciting tbe immediof living plants developed in the ears of the ate and absolute abolition of slavery and the slave

trade. This conference also cbarges the committees mountain grasses, they would be useless in the specially to address to the Sovereigo Pontiff a restormy regions where they grow. They would spectful letter, in order that, following the example be blown away far from the places they were of Pius II., of Paul III., of Urban VIII., of Benedict intended to clothe, to spots foreign to their XIV., and of Gregory XVI., he may be induced to nature and habits, and thus the species would raise his voice in favor of the unhappy slaves, which

certain Catholic nations purchase, possess, sell, and speedily perish.—Bible Teachings in Nature, delay to emancipate, imitating Pagan and Mussulby H. Macmillan.

man nations in the 19th century of the Christian era.

FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKE FAST HOLD OP INSTRUCTION; LET HEB NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 28, 1867.

No. 30.

465

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
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CONTENTS.

A Short Account of Anne Richardson...
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473 473 475

476 ... 4:7

479 430

A short Account of ANNE RICHARDSON, who Christ, and subjected her will to the will of

departed this Life on the 18th of Twelfth God, which is a great work, yet requisite to month, 1711, Aged about Thirty-three Years. the new birth, without which there is no reBy her Husband.

generation; and without regeneration and being She was descended of an honest and con-born again, there is no entering into the kingsiderable family of the Robinsons, at Hutton.in. dom of heaven. the-Hole, in Yorkshire, and was convinced in After this great change was wrought in her, her young years, and received the Truth in the it was evident through the remaining part of love of it, and it became valuable and precious her time that she was mych preserved under to her above all things in this world; and the power, influence, and guidance of the through the blessed work and operation of the peaceable, meek, and quiet spirit of Jesus Grace and Holy Spirit of Truth, she was weaned Christ, and grew daily more and more in the from the world's pleasures, vanities and recrea- favor and love of God, and was much beloved tions, from taking any délight in them; and of God's people, and indeed of her relations, through the virtuous and most precious blood peighbors and acquaintance, who were not of of Christ, she came to witness her heart her persuasion; and she walked so wisely and sprinkled from an evil conscience, and in a prudently in all ber ways, that she sought not good degree made able to serve the living God, her own honor and interest, but the honor of and bore a faithful testimony against the need the Lord and inward peace with Him, which less and superfluous dresses and fashions of the she had a regard unto in all her undertakings; world, as also against the corrupt language so that even such who sought for an occasion tbereof; and came to be a great lover of virtue agaiost Truth and the professors of it had poth. and purity, and had great satisfaction io being ing to say against her, not even from her childin good Friends' company, and at Friends' hood to the day of her death, for she was meetings, and in much retirement and waiting generally beloved and spoken well of by all upon the Lord, who in great mercy and conde- who knew her, and many were deeply and sorscension to the desire of His bandmaid, gave rowfully affected to part with her, both Friends her a large share, not only of the enjoyment of and others; the like hath not often been scen His living power and internal presence, but in those parts, and not without some cause, for also a knowledge and clear sight into those she was a woman of upright life, and exemplary things that appertained to life and salvation conversation before all, and gave no offence to And after Truth thus prevailed over her, it Jew or Gentile, nor to the Church of Christ ; brought every thought into the obedience of charitable to the poor, a true sympathizer with

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