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test of probability, characterises a mind that is was led into the error of supposing that the confined in its views and limited in its acquire- same thing existed in all parts of the world.
I have thus far spoken of the mind, with The king of Siam ignorantly thought that some hints for its culture. But we bave not water must be everywhere as it was in Siain, only minds, but bodies. Indeed, the primary where it would not permit him to walk on it at fact, the foundation principle in regard to our any season of the year, let alone an elephant. natures, is, that we are threefoul beings, pos
An anecdote somewhat similar was related sessed of body, mind and soul, or spirit; and by Halliday Jackson in regard to the Indians, that these should all receive their proper develamong whom he spent some time near the Ohio opment, and be preserved, singly and collectriver. The Indians admire that river-the ively, in a harmonious condition. This is what name Ohio in their language means beautiful. constitutes true health. The term health is in Sitting with them on its banks one day, an In- such common use, and its meaving supposed to dian expatiated on its great beauty, and asked be so well understood, that it does not seem to Halliday if they had any such rivers in his require a specific definition. Dr. Johnson, howcountry. It must be remembered, in order to ever, on a certain occasion, in conversation with understand the remarks that followed, that Boswell, who afterwards became his biographer, there are no tide vater rivers in the west, caus defined happiness, an equally familiar word, and ing the water to flow sometimes in one way and gave its definition to be, “a multiplicity of sometimes in another; but the Ohio, Sciota, agreeable consciousness.” I wish you to rememMississippi, and all the rivers those Indians ber this definition ;-it is so full and expressive, ever knew, flow always in the same direction. and it is not in his Dictionary, or any otherHalliday answered, that the principal rivers in “ A multiplicity.ofiegreeable-consciousness." his country in the neighborhood of Philadel
Encouraged by this proceeding of Dr. Johnphia) were not exactly like the Ohio--the water son, some years ago, when I was about to prein them flowed part of every day in one way, pare for Sandy Spring Lyceum a Lecture on and part of the day the other way, or back again, that subject, I framed this definition of health, The Indian considered the subjeot for sometime that “ Health is a harmonious condition of the in silence, and then turned to Halliday, and in multiplied dependencies of the Physical Sysquired, “Do you say that in your country the tem." Remembering how unfavorably the water in your rivers rups part of the day so, bodily health is affected by certain conditions (motioning with his hands down the stream,) of the mind, as in anger, fear, sorrow, gloom or and part of the day so, (motioning up the stream depression, anguish, despair, remorse, it will be with his hands, in order to be sure that he had seen conspicuously that true health consists in the right idea.)" Halliday replied, “ Yes, that a harmonious condition of the multiplied de. is what I say.”
" That's a lie," says the In-pendencies of the physical system. dian. Like the king of Siam, he did not be The primary fact upon which what I have · lieve a state of thiogs could exist anywhere dif- now to say to you rests, is, as before remarked,
ferent from what existed at home, or what he that man is a threefold being-animal, intellechad been familiar with; which is a great and tual and spiritual—and that true and sound common barrier to the acquisition and exten. bealth requires the proper development and sion of practical information.
harmonious condition of all these. At their Although I have dwelt upon this point per- original creation, the body was not degraded haps upduly long already, I will make another and the others exalted, as is so frequently the brief reference to the same source of error, un case at the present day; but all were pronounced der a different phase, by a person of great in- good- very good and received alike the blesstelligence. The poet' Campbell, in the firsting of the Creator. chapter of his “ Pleasures of Hope,” when de What is not much valued is liable to be neg. scribing the adventures of the navigator Byron lected and abused, and this is too much the in Chiloe, on the western coast of South Ameri- case with the corporeal part of our constitution. ca, in a little over forty degrees of south lati. The incessant injunction to the young is, cultitude, says he
vate the mind; develop, train and strengthen “Pierced the deep woods, and hailing from afar the intellectual faculties; and, although this is
The moon's pale planet, and the Northern Star," all right in its place, it is often done without when the north star cannot be seen south of the least regard to the requirements of the the equator; and to Byron, at the time Camp-body; and, indeed, frequentiy at their perma. bell was describing, it was, permanently, at least bent sacrifice. If the healthful and proper care forty degrees below his horizon. But Campbell, of the animal system were urged upon children being used to regarding this star as a guide to by their parents with that earnestness which a seamen in north latitudes, where he was writing, beartfelt conviction of their importance would
inspire, and equal to the attention required to * Abercombie's Intellectual Philosophy. be given to daily occupations, literature and
science, what a beneficial effect would be pro- A pair of similar arms, 300 dollars; a pair of duced.
artificial eyes, 200 dollars; a set of teeth, 100 Children, particularly boys, are frequently dollars : so that leaving out the cost of artificial pushed on in their mathematics, classics, philo- ears, noses, and covering for the head for those sophy, chemistry and other studies, without any who have no hair where the hair used to reference whatever to bealth, or even having grow," we have 1000 dollars at least which we been taught to sit, stand or walk, properly bear constantly about us in our persons. What that is, in the way good health requires. They the value of the real limbs and eyes is, in commay come to understand astronomy and chem- parison with the artificial ones, I leave my istry, and to possess many intellectual attain- young friends to estimate for themselves. But meats, but what do these avail, if they are all if we had a delicate piece of complicated malost to the world, by the premature breaking of chinery, valued at even 1000 dollars, would we the delicate casket in which the precious trea- be likely to subject it to the exposed, rough and sure is contained, for want of a due regard to careless treatment that we often unnecessarily the laws of health ?
do our bodies ? and if we did, would it be any It is a great mistake to think that a highly marvel if it was occasionally, or even frequently cultivated mind does not require a strong vigor- out of order ? ous body in order for its complete exercise, and As remarked a learned writer,* " For the the accomplishment of its full annount of useful continuance of life a thousand provisions are labor in its particular department. It is true, made. Men cannot draw a breath without the the intellect may be very bright, and the mind exercise of sensibilities as well ordered as those highly cultivated, in an exceedingly frail bodily of the eye and ear. A tracery of nervous tenement; and the intellectual powers may in. cords unites many organs in sympathy, of deed seem even brighter by contrast than the which, if one single filament were broken, pain same talents and attainments in a robust body; and spasm and suffocation would ensue. The but these bright powers need the strong physi. action of the heart and the circulation of the cal constitution in order to secure that enduring blood, and all the vital functions, are governed effort, which is essential to render such talents through means and by laws which are not deand acquirements of their full benefit to man- pendent upon our wills, and to which the powkind. In how many lamented instances bas the ers of our minds are altogether inadequate.” frail, uudeveloped physical system given way in Such is the machine, its delicacy, its value the midst of its useful career, letting the pos- and grandeur, which each one of us possesses sessors of the brightest intellects down into the Yet it is scarcely, by any, sufficiently apprecitomb, before they had reached the meridian of ated. With some, the body is so over-worked, life-their sun setting in the morning; when, while even young in years, all its muscles so with proper regard to the laws of health, they strained, and the system so frequently exposed might have been enabled to perform their full to wet, cold, loss of sleep, and almost every journey, and to cheer, instruct and bless their hardship, to the neglect of the mind and higher
To have the body properly cared for, we nature, and the alıoost total disregard of the must study its value and capabilities. Who laws of health, that they are stiffened and worn among us ever sufficiently estimates the won- out before the period of life at which they derful and complicated structure of this inge- should be in their prime. Instead of pursuing nious fabric--this most perfect locomotive ma- business in a manner to promote health, as chine, with which each of us is furnished, that could and ought always to be done in every has been beautifully likened to a harp with a proper employment, how often is the health sathousand strings, and every string when kept crificed to business, and the corporeal remains in tone capable of vibrating enjoyment only to of the brightest and loveliest followed and its possessor.
mourned to an untimely grave. To use the modern mode of estimating all In tbe estimation of others--and to how many things—that is, by dollars and cents—let us of us will this apply?—the mind alone is the see the aggregate cost of the best substitutes ineasure of the man. Intellect, intellect, intelthat have been contrived for real limbs and lect, is the great desideratum, first and last. other needful appliances.
Cerebral or intellectual development in excess Now, a good pair of artificial legs, like the is not the normal condition of man. If this one worn by Santa Anna, and captured by excess exists in parents, it is unfavorable to Gen. Houston in Mexico, with nicely adjusted vigorous constitutions of their children. Hence springs in the iosteps and toes, costs $100.* the number of those most highly cultivated in
tellects who have left no children, or, if any, * From a Report made to Congress in 1866, it ap; they are often below mediocrity, both intelpears that Government had provided 6075 artificial limbs to soldiers-2134 arms, 3784 legs, 44 hands, 9 feet, and 104 other appliances. The cost was 357.720 * Bell on the Hand, in the Bridgewater Treatise, dollars,
lectually and physically. The triple compound between the showers for a walk to the Lake must be maintained in proper balance. A pen- and through the village. The former is exalty attaches to every infringement of the laws quisitely lovely. The next day was still rainy, of cur constitution.
so we decided, though with great regret, to go (To be continued.)
on to Edinboro. We left the mountains and FALSE PLEASURES.—Pleasure which cannot
their fine scenery behind us, and hoped it had be.obtained but by unseasonable and unsuitable
| been the same with the clouds, but after a few expense, must always end in pain ; and pleasure
hours of sunshine, they lowered around us which must be enjoyed at the expense of an.
again, as thickly as ever, and we were begin. other's pain can never be such as a worthy mind
ping to wonder if this kind of weather is really can fully delight in.—Johnson.
the best that Scotland bas to offer us-though
now the sun is again shining, and we are going NOTES OF FOREIGN TRAVEL, FROM PRIVATE out for a walk to see the bouse where once lived CORRESPONDENCE.
the « fair maid of Perth,” immortalized by No. 3.
Scott, and some other places made memorable Perth, 7th month, 1866. by the occurrence of important historical A rainy “Scotch Sunday' in this ancient events. town of Perth gives us a little time for writing As we approached the porthern boundary of to our friends at home. We have met in our England we observed a marked difference in the travels a great deal to exceed anything we have appearance of the people as well as the country, in America in abstract beauty and high cultiva- and no longer saw traces of the deatness that tion, a great part of which is owing, of course, had struck us so forcibly farther south. The to the genial climate of England and to the peculiar Scottish costume we have as yet seen abundance and cheapness of labor. Some of our little of. In Edinboro we selected a very good drives through the rural lanes in the neighbor. hotel, close to the mooument of Walter Scott, hood of the Lakes were perfectly bewitching and commanding a view which probably gives in their loveliness. On the afternoon of the a better idea of the city, both old and new 1st of the present mooth, we set off in an open town, than could have been commanded any. carriage, a delightful mode of travelling for where else. It is kept somewhat in the Ameri. short distances, to Keswick, 17 miles, on the can style, with a public table for breakfast and shore of Derwent Water, and after a splendid dinner and a ladies sitting room, which, as we drive of two hours through the same charming are out most of the time, we concluded to make scenery we had been enjoying for some time use of instcad of taking a private parlor, as is past, over the foot of Helvellyn, and in sight of our usual custom. Next morning walked to many lovely little waterfalls, we reached the top Holyrood Palace, on our way going into the of the bill overlooking Keswick, and I think house once occupied by John Knox-a strange we bave scarcely seen a more beautiful picture old building, containing some curious relics. than lay spread out before us. The Lake is We saw his study-sat on his chair and were considered one of the finest in England, and the shown the window from which he used to surrounding landscape, united with the soften. preach. We then went into White house close ing effect of the evening shadows, made the (or court) in which stands the oldest Hostelrie whole scene one of súrpassing harmony and in the town, and which is famous as the stoploveliness. As we drove along we were attracted ping place of Dr. Johnson when in Edinboro. by a large turretted building not far off, which At Holyrood we had a most interesting visit, we of course imagined to be the residence of and I couli scarcely believe that we really stood some illustrious noble of the land, and were be on the spot that poor Queen Mary had made so ginning to invest the place with a great many memorable--that we actually saw ber chamimaginary and romantic charms, when we found ber--her bed, all that remained of her blankets, ourselves gradually approaching its entrance, (a piece about 18 inches square)—her work. and soon discovered it was a very handsome box corered with her own enbroidery, and the hotel to which we had been directed. It was baby basket sent ber as a present by Queen splendidly situated, commanding a most ex. Elizabeth at the birth of ber son James the tensive prospect, and we were so fortunate as VI.-ihat we stood too in the little room where to secure very comfortable rooms, and after she and her favorite Rizzio were supping the taking our tea, we spent the remainder of the night of his assassination, and were shown the evening at the windows enjoying the beautiful secret door by which the murderers entered. prospect, until the scene was varied by the ap. The stone on which she and Dardley knelt at proach of a heavy thundergust. Next day their marriage is also preserved here, as is the was dull and showery, but being able to enjoy Queen's private altar-piece, and they all seemed 80 much without leaving the house, there was invested, as we gazed on them, with a cbarm not much philosophy required to reconcile us and reality which we could not dispate. The to remaining in it for the day. We found time! chapel is nuw only a ruin, but a very grand and
noble one, and we could readily see traces of its Caulton Hill, with its monuments and miles of former maguificence, and believe in all the sad lovely country scenery spread around the whole, and strange histories connected with it in days made one of the most perfect panoramas the that are past. Our next visit was to “The eye could possibly desire. After admiring it as Castle"-Edinboro's magnificent castle ; and we long as it seemed prudent to remain, we scramwere certainly not disappointed. No one could bled down and re-entered our carriage for home. be, it seems to me, no matter how high their Next morning visited, among many others, the expectations may have been. It is indeed a monument of Robert Burns, which we entered, most wonderful structure, and situation and all and saw a number of his original letters and other considered, it is not at all remarkable that it interesting relics of the past-all of which should bave been so long and so completely im. were shown and explained by a venerable pregnable. The view from the battlements was Scotchman just fitted for his vocation and full extensive and beautiful, commanding the city of entusiasm about his talented countryman. and many miles of the surrounding country. We next examined the rich and magnificent We were shown many things, possessing no ab. monument to Walter Scott. It is 200 feet in stract interest, but interesting from their his height, but we did not ascend it, preferring a torical associations. The crown jewels had drive through some parts of the city we had not been kept concealed for more.than a century, yet seen. The strtets are broad and elegant, from political motives, until in 1817 the king reminding us of some of the finest in London, ordered the chest containing them to be opened, but very quiet. Edinboro is indeed a beautiful and they have ever sioce been exhibited freely city, if we see only one side of the pictureto the public. In returning from the castle, we most travellers, I suppose, do so; we were unwalked through some of the “ Closes," and saw fortunately undeceived. In the morning we took enough filth and squalor and degradation to cars to Kinross, a small town on Loch Leven, make us almost sick. I do not wish any of our where we were ferried across to the Castle by Friends to see what we did, but I believe no a very intelligent man, who was full of enthuone could imagine the reality, without having siasm in the cause of poor Queen Mary, and told done so, or conceive the horrible condition of us many things that added greatly to the interest the inmates of these miserable alleys. They of this melancholy ruin. are apparently stowed away as closely as they
(To be continued.) can possibly live, and we saw proofs of entire disregard not only of all cleanliness, but of
REJOICE ALWAY. common decency, and the air in some of them i A man may lose all things, in the common Was so terribly foul, that we were glad to escape acceptation of the term, and yet be exceedingly with a very slight glimpse. It is indeed as-bappy, and blessed of God. A man may be tonishing how they can live and thrive, as they stripped of property, a man may be bereft of appear to, in such an atmosphere--and thrive friends, a man may lose his health, a man may they certainly do-every one looking strong have the way of usefulness blocked up to him; and healthy, and the swarms of children all, and yet, he may experience a happiness that is rosy and bright, as far as we could see through indescribable, if he only has left this thought: the dirt. Later in tbe day, we drove through “Heaven cannot be touched.” what is called Cow Gate, confessedly the worst Are there, then, those that suffer in their part of Edinboro, and really what we had be- faithfulness, are conquering in their sufferings, fore seen was as nothing to this. Throughout and rising above them? Are there others that the entire length of the street, many squares, in the performance of duty know not only how and only wide enough for our carriage, was one to labor, but how to speak and bear witness, “I constant succession of miserable pictures, com- can do sometbing more-I can refuse to labor ?” posed of every variety we could suppose possi. Are there others that know how to gather and ble of human 'depravity, and I shuddered to administer property, but who can bear witness, think how much more there was behind those " I know also how to do more than that,-I dingy walls than what met our eyes in pass- know how to walk unclothed, and lose not one ing rapidly by them. We were all conscious, particle of my joy and peace and mapbood, and I believe, of a sensation of relief when we at be stronger, more hopeful and more songful than last emerged into a brighter and purer air. The I ever was before?” Are there others that know recollections of our drive dwelt with us longer how to walk in unhealth and pain, and yet be than we liked, interfering with our usual sleep. so penetrated with faith and prayer and love As an antidote to all this, we took a drive up that their life is more radiant in sickness than to Salisbury Crag and the far famed “ Arthur's the life of ordinary men of the world is in Seat." The latter we had to ascend on foot, health ? Are there those tbat know how to and we were perfectly charmed by the splendor adininister in the realm of affection, but that, of the views from the summit. Edinboro, with by bereavements and infelicities of life, have her wonderful Castle and Holyrood Palace, and learned how to dismiss love, and go widowed
and solitary, and how to do it with such a sweets time past, make a beginning. We have met and noble temper that all men see that they are divers times, and have been, at several of these more lovely without love than they ever were
seasons, baptized into death, or such creaturely when they were enthroned in its unidst ? Are there those in the battle of life who are tempted. abasement as not to be able, for a considerable and who overcome the temptation ? Are there length of time, to move forward on any subject. men that are bankrupt, and that are walking in But as we have lain low, and been williog to be obscure places, and that remember the promises with Christ in his depression, bis agony, bis of God ? Be faithful to Christ; be faithful to
death, and his burial, we have been livingly the truth; be faithful to your honor and integrity ; be faitbful to heaven, that is nearer than raised with him in his resurrection, into newwhen you believed; be faithful to all right ness of divine life, and have sensibly known bim things that you have been taught; be faithful to be the resurrection and the life' to and in the discharge of every duty; and then rejoice.
ejoice in our own souls. Then have we gone forward And when you cannot rejoice anywhere else, rejoice in the Lord. Rejoice in the Lord any
rejoicing, he going before us. Divers importbw. Rejoice in wealth ; rejoice in health ; ant matters have been the subjects of these our rejoice in pleasure; rejoice in love; rejoice in religious conferences. We have had much solid activity; and above all rejoice in the Lord; and satisfaction in them, and a belief has been sealed then, when reverses come, and troubles pass
on our minds that such opportunities are very upon you, and these other things fade away, I your joy in the Lord will stand up like Mount prontable, and might be highly promotive of Sinai, that never shall be moved. H. W. B. the welfare of Society, if rightly encouraged
and attended, in the several Monthly Meetings; FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. and, perhaps, in some places, members from PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 14, 1867.
several Monthly Meetings might usefully attend
such conferences.” RELIGIOUS CONFERENCES. -The views we The benefit to be derived from such meetexpressed in a recent pumber of this paper, on ings will depend upon the manner and the spirit the subject of religious conversation, are appli- in which they are conducted. It is not to be cable, in most respects, to those more public in supposed that sincere seekers after truth and terchanges of thought and feeling which may righteousness, who are led to confer with each be termed religious conferences. Some worthy other, or to wait upon the Author of our being, members of our Society feel apprehensive that in a devotional frame of mind, will fail to remeetings of this class, which have been held in ceive edification and comfort. On such occavarious places, will not conduce to the spiritual sions the reading of the Scriptures, and other advancement of those engaged in them, nor to religious books, may, with the Divine blessing, the harmony of the body. This feeling, we be made instrumental to promote the object inthink, arises, in most cases, from a dread of all tended, by furnishing food for thought and ininnovation, and a supposition that such meet- creasing spiritual knowledge. A vacant mind ings are without precedent among our prede- is not the state best adapted for religious cessors. It appears, however, that deeply con. growth,—there must be something for the Dicerned Friends of a former generation were led vine gift to act upon,—as when the prophet to hold religious communion with each other was about to bestow a blessing upon the widow for the same purpose, and at other times than who cried to him for aid, he asked, “What those appointed for public worship or church hast thou in the house ?” And when he found discipline.
she had a pot of oil, he made use of that as the In the Journal of Job Scott, under date 1783, means to relieve her and her children. In like we find the following passage, viz:
manner, when the blessed Jesus was about to “A number of well concerned Friends of feed the people who had followed him into a this Monthly Meeting, from a desire of good to desert place, he queried, “How many loaves themselves, and to promote the good of Society, have ye?” and the five loaves and two fishes, having for sometime a desire to meet together, which a lad had brought thither, were multiat seasons, solidly to confer together upon such |plied. subjects as might appear profitable, did, some! He who is intent upon the acquisition of