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I was, with great formality and ceremony, short a talk with you in the Indian Department. received as a member of the Seneca Nation of There are many things that I wanted to say to Indians, at Cataraugus, in Westeru New York, you. It always interests us whenever we meet and a
conferred upon me- ~Hai the friends of the Red Man, especially with the -i-wau.Doh---which means “stand and watch," people of him who first shook" hands with the implying that, as my residence is near the Red Man on this continent-Wm. Peon-the seat of the General Government, I must be great and noble man—the Red Man's friend. there vigilant in guarding the interests of the “We know that his descendants are yet liv. Indians. To this duty I have endeavored to ing, scattered throughout this great country, be faithful. I am frequently in receipt of let. who have yet the same mind, and the same ters from them, asking for something to be heart, to do the Red Man good. done at the Indian Department, or by Govern- “I came here with this delegation of my ment authorities, to which I have always given puor people, partly to assist them in making a prompt attention. By request, on behalf of treaty with this great government, and partly, the Indians of Minnesota, I visited the mem- which concerns me most dearly, to forward my bers of the Committees on the Indian Concern mission work amongst my own people, on the of both Houses of Congress, and several of the head waters of the great Mississippi. To-day prominent members of the Senate and House, we feel the pressure and the rapid strides of on more than ono occasion last winter, in en- civilization towards us. The white man, with deavoring to secure the passage of a bill for the bis rapid speed, is crowding us out of our own protection of the Indians, which was regarded country, and pointiog us towards (appropriate as the first bill that had ever looked to that be- words) the setting sun ! nevolent end. Our Committee have a close “ As I sit in my poor wigwam, with broken correspondence with the Indian Department, beart, I meditate over the past and the future. and a constant assurance that whenever any The past! Oh! I cannot recall the happy opportunity occurs for the benevolent action days! They are gone !-gone forever and ecer. and aid of Friends in behalf of the Indian's The future ! all is dark before me! My path welfare, the Committee will be informed of it. is obscure-my destiny inevitable! I refuse to be The officers of the Indian Bureau are ardent in comforted, because I am unpitied and unloved. their efforts to secure justice and right to the “And now we turn our weeping hearts toIndians. But their efforts are frustrated by wards the Christian white man, to wipe away designing and unprincipled men, who get bé- the tears from our eyes; to make strong our tween them and the objects of their care. broken hearts; and to lighten our paths. They have great confidence in Friends, and al Our only hope of salvation in the future is to ways receive, with respectful attention, any become civilized—to embrace the Christian resuggestion we make. They know we do not ligion, io band and in heart, and to pray to desire any office within their gift, and could the God of the white man. not accept one with an emolument attached, it " Fifty years ago our numbers were many. being a matter of principle with us, to bear our Once we covered this great country. From own expenses in our labors in this cause, so as east to west, and from north to south, was the to continue disinterested advocates of the in- Red Man's country and the Red Man's home. terests of the Indians, and that perfect right To-day we are few in number. We are fast and justice be accorded to them by the National dwindling away :-falling, like the leaves of the Government. We have reason to believe, too, forest, to-rise-no-more !! that in some instances, at least, these disinter. “Everything looks dark before us. ested labors have been blessed ; that is, the I may venture to stay a few days, as I return fact being known that we were working and home, in the city of Baltimore; but I should travelling on their business at our own expense, feel more at home in the city of Philadelpbia, without fee or reward, but solely for their good, for I know there lies the hearth-stone of the and to please the Great Spirit, has contributed great and poble man-Wm. Peon-the friend to advance the objects desired.
of the Red Man." In my Indian correspondence, I sometimes But I have filled my sheet, and must close. find touches of real eloquence. On returning, I trust thou wilt not misunderstand the apparlast winter, from a visit to a delegation from ent egotism of my letter. Although thou art Minnesota, then in Washington, I received unknown to me, I have writted with freedom, a letter from En-me.gah-bowh, one of the as to a brother, interested in a concern which I delegation, a missionary among his Indian have long had very near at heart. brethren, from which I will make some ex
Thy sincere friend, tracts, thinking they may interest thee :
BENJAMIN HALLOWELL. “Washington, D. C., Feb. 24ih, 1867. " BR. HALLOWELL
Nothing renders one more happy than to "Dear Sir :- I was very sorry to bave sol do pleasantly what one must do from necessity.
From the Atlantic Monthly.
From the Philadelphia Press.
EXTRACTS FROM AN EXCURSION ON THE WEST-
CHESTER AND PHILADELPHIA RAILROAD.
BY INKEE PENN.
This edifice, now in course of erection, was
named “Swarthmore" after the manor on To image forth an inward soul
which George Fox resided in the latter years. Tbat dimly is unfolded.
of his life, and it is particularly specified in the The shadow, pictured in the lake By every tree that trembles,
act of incorporation granted by the Legislature Is cast for more than just the sake
that this name shall be retained so long as the Of that which it resembles.
building is used for educational purposes. The The dew falls nightly, not alone
property bought by the association consists of Because the meadows need it,
92 acres of land fronting the railroad; it is a Bat on an errand of its own
portion of the old West estate. The building To human souls that heed it.
in which the celebrated painter Benjamin West The stars are lighted in the skies Not merely for their shining,
was born is to be seen, with its giant English But, like the looks of loving eyes,
gable and hipped roof, at a short distance to Have meanings worth divining.
the southeast of the college, and is still in a good The waves that moun along the shore, state of preservation. No change in its original The winds that sigb in blowing,
features has been made, except such as may Are sent to teach a mystic lore
have resulted from the removal of the oldWhich men are wise in knowing.
fashioned painted eaves. The room in the northThe clouds around the mountain-peak,
east corner of this dwelling is pointed out to The rivers in their winding, Have secrets wbicb, to all who seek,
the visitor as the spot where the great painter Are precious in the finding.
first saw the light of day; here was spent the Thus patare dwells within our reach,
childhood of him who gave to the world that But, though we stand so near her, renowned painting known as “Death on the We still interpret half her speech
Pale Horse," which now forms such a promiWith ears too dull to bear her.
nent feature of that valuable collection of arWhoever at the coarsest sound
tistic gems at the Academy of Fine Arts in Still listens for the finest,
The location of Swarthmore College is on
high ground, a few hundred yards from WestBecause his heart is tender,
dale station, and commands a splendid view to Sball catch a glimpse of heavenly light
the east and south. Viewed from the railroad, In every earthly splendor.
it will present, when completed, a truly grand So, since the universe began,
and imposing appearance. The main building Apd till it sball be ended, The soul of Nature, soul of Man,
will consist of a central front of dressed granite, And soul of God are blended !
sixty feet wide, and five stories high, with con.
necting wings on both sides four stories bigh. TAKE CARE OF THE MINUTES. The whole length of the building will be three Gold is not found, for the most part, in great hundred and eighty-six feet, with a depth of masses, but in little grains. It is sifted out of froin ninety to one hundred and twenty feet. the sand in minute particles, which, melted The building is to be covered by a Mansard roof, together, produce the rich ingots which excite and the entire cost is estimated at nearly the world's desire. . So the small moments of $200,000. time, its odds and ends, put together, may form This structure is being erected by the Hicka beautiful work.
site Friends, and the provisions made by its Hale wrote his “Contemplations" while on founders for the admission of pupils are exceedhis law circuit.
ingly liberal. Those belonging to other religious Dr. Mascn Good translated "Lucretius” in his denominations can send their children to this carriage while, as a physician, he rode from institution under certain mild and equitable door to door.
conditions, while at the same time their religious One of the chancellors of France penned a convictions, whatever they may be, will be bulky volume in the successive intervals of strictly respected. There has long been deeded waiting, daily, for dinner.
a school of the highest grade (such as this), free Burney learned French and Italian while rid- from the contaminating influences by which so ing on horseback. Benjamin Franklin laid the many of our colleges are surrounded, and yet foundation of bis wonderful stock of knowledge which shall be in perfect keeping with the proin his dipner hours and evenings, while working gressive ideas of the age. as a printer's boy.
In alluding to its location, the Delaware
County American, an excelleat and ably.edited |nently successful in the management of her paper published at Media, says: “No more school, which has been attended by pupils from suitable place for the college could have been all parts of the Union. chosen. "It combines all the advantages of se. cluded rural life with direct and frequent access
Inebriate Asylum. to the city. The farm includes a romantic piece On the southwestern verge of the borough, Dr. of woodland bordering on Crum croek, which, Joseph Parrish, formerly of the “ Training -in one place is overhung by a rocky precipice School," has established an asylum or retreat not less than one hundred feet high, among the for inebriates, which is under the general superrecesses of which grow a variety of mosses, vision of the Citizens' Association of Pennsylwild flowers, and ferds. This property is skirted vadia. The building is furnished with the utby Crum creek along its western boundary, and most elegance-with everything that conveni. affords, by the rapid flow of its waters, both ence or comfort can suggest—while even musisights and sounds of beauty."
cal instruments and other modes of amusement Nearly balf a mile from Westdale station the have been provided to make this an attractive cars pass over Crum creek bridge, which is 800 home to all who may feel the necessity of seekfeet long, and 80 feet high from the water to ing it in order to bave effectual “aid and comthe level of the iron track. It has recently fort” rendered them in their efforts to reform. been entirely rebuilt. Here a fine view is to The system is entirely on the voluntary princibe had of the windings of the creek.
ple, and the means adopted are the most effectA short distance beyond Crum creek, and ive that have yet been devised to reclaim the just eleven miles from Chestnut street bridge, is inebriate from a life of misery and degradation. Wallingford station, in the vicinity of which a A farm of 107 acres of land has been purlarge number of Philadelphians reside, who chased near Darby for the erection of buildings daily go in by the cars to attend to their re- adapted especially to this purpose, but if the spective vocations in the city; they find this a inhabitants of Media and vicinity offer sufficient more economical plan of living, and a more inducements, the grounds will be sold and the healthy and pleasant one. The next stopping- buildings permanently located at that place. place is
This is an opportunity to add to its prosperity
that should not be lost. The enterprise of Dr. thirteen miles from Philadelphia, and, with the Parrish is a noble one, and should receive libesingle exception of what is known as the “ Black ral pecuniary support from the friends of huHorse Hill,” is located on the bighest ground manity everywhere. He has, so far, met with in Delaware county, of which it is the seat of the most flattering appreciation of the utility of justice. Media is chiefly known to the ou'side bis scheme of reformation. world on account of the “temperance clause" In the brief time that it has been opened in its charter, by which the sale of spirituous twelve have entered the institution, which will liquor is prohibited within the borough limits. not afford accommodations for more than
This place is somewhat noted for its religious twenty, although it is a large edifice. When advantages; it is well represented by commodi- the new buildings are erected they are expected ous churches of the Presbyterian, Methodist, to accommodate over one hundred and fifty perEpiscopal, and other denominations. A fine sons. There are but two other institutions of Court-bouse is in the centre of the town, while this kind in the United States, one of which is its waterworks afford occasionally a fair supply at Boston, Mass., and the other at Binghamton, of aqueous element; but no gas is provided for N. Y. Both have met with unexpected encourlighting the streets, except what is supplied agement in their efforts in reclaiming the fallen from the Court-house aforesaid. An Institute inebriate. Out of two thousand who sought of Science is now being erected, in which is to and received permission to enter the former, be deposited a large and valuable collection of there were fifty per cent. who went away, in the curiosities, relating to the natural history of course of a few weeks, perfectly cured. No inDelaware county, that has been in process of formation of even a single case of relapse into accumulation for nearly a century.
intemperate habits bas as yet been brought to Education receives a considerable degree of the notice of the board of managers. This reattention in this borough, which is noted for its sult must be highly gratifying. The course of good public schools. Brook Hall Seminary for treatment, in the Media as in the Boston reyoung ladies is a commodious and handsome treat, is intended to destroy the inclination to building, beautifully embowered in shade, but drink intoxicating beverages. we regret to say that it is conducted upon the About a mile west of Media, and in full view principle that it is inexpedient and dangerous from the railroad, is that immense and imposing to educate boys and girls together. It is, how. structure, the Pennsylvania Training School ever, but just to remark that Mrs. Eastman, the for Feeble-Minded Children. It will accommoeducated and talented Principal, has been emi-date one hundred and sixty pupils, cost $140,000, and was built, in a great measure, by appropria- overcrowding cannot be very vigorously sustions made by the State. It is in charge of Dr. tained. It is on the school-rooms, however, and J. N. Kerlin, a gentleman of fine literary attain on the large hall up stairs, to which we bave not ments. The institution is in a flourishing con- yet come, that the visitor's chief praise will be dition.
lavished. The school-rooms are three in numOne of the most extensive and varied views ber, separated from each other by glass windows, of the beautiful rolling country around Media the panes of the lowest two rows of which are is to be had from the summit of the steep hill opaque. The studies in these several rooms are upon which this Asylum for Idiots is placed. graduated to the range of intellect discovered From the broad stone steps which ascend to the in the various pupils. The latter vary between portico the eye may photograph long successions all ages, “ from children of five,” as the matron of hill and dale undulating into each other, happily observed, to " children of forty." and plaided with rich fields, which vary in There are very few cases in which nothing can color according to the kind and quality of the be done. In the lowest school-room, or what harvests. The asylum stands out from against might be termed the primary school, the stua dusty background of forest, and the compara- dies resemble amusements more tban anytively small number of trees in front intervene thing else. Colored building blocks give the between the observer and the prospect he ob- beginner an idea of form and color; colored serves without intercepting the latter.
balls, on horizontal wires, further the same obThe road froin Media, which is about a mile ject, and add a little arithmetic. The cupboard distant, is both a hilly and a sunny one, but is in which the means of subsistence are kept in hedged in by plenty of greenery. The reward the primary school resembles the store house of of the hot and toilsome passage is found in the a nursery. Playthings are the books of the perfection of the interior arrangements of the idiot children who come here. Things fanciful asylum, and the urbanity of the presiding phy. and sportive are put before the purblind eyes of sician and the matron.
the mind to teach things useful and real. All When I called there this morning, however, the school rooms are hung with colored prints in company with a friend, I was much disap- representing Scriptural, woodland, or household pointed to learn that the summer vacation had scenes. The corridors also are bung with commenced on the previous Thursday, August painted mottoes, some of them Solomon's pro1, and would last six weeks. Consequently only verbs, and others with that mixture of worldly a very few of the pupils were about. I did not prudence in them which is not always inconsissee more than seven or eight. The institution tent with divioity. In the secondary school is at present accommodating one hundred and studies a little higher in grade, such as geograsixty-two. This number appears to be the com- phy, are taken up. In the third school-room plement, as an application in favor of an epileptic there is a blackboard and an imitation clock, on imbecile had already been refused that morning. which patients are taught to tell the time of
Upon entering by the main door the visitor day—a feat not always readily accomplished by steps into a broad hall and thence into a recep- intelligent children. A number of copy-books tion-room opening upon the right hand side. were shown us, in some of which were the reAn idiotic girl was in attendance, who vouch- sults of years of effort on the part of pupils, safed no reply to repeated inquiries for the and, I might add, of teachers also. One of doctor, but remained seated and staring with a the best-written sentences we noticed was, “We sort of lethargio curiosity, first at one of us and go home August 1, 1867.” Perhaps the heart then at the other, and smiling secretly to her. of the writer helped his hand. The gymnasium self. Presently the doctor entered, and ringing into which we were shown was furnished with two the bell requested the matron to be so good as bowling alleys, somewhat out of repair, owing to show us over the asylum. The doctor him to the rough usage they had naturally experiself I should take to be a most humane and enced. Two idiot boys, apparently about eightkind man, and his matron is a small and ex. teen and fourteen years of age, were the only octremely neat lady, with a gentle voice, quiet cupants, and were lolling on a sort of settee manners, and, as far as opportunity permitted improvised out of an unplaned plank. The to judge, much tact.
matron seemed to think they would do better The long corridor on the first floor opens upon in the fresh air. To this they objected, and several school rooms and a gymnasium, as well she managed to extract a good-natured guffaw as upon a number of bed-rooms and sitting out of them by the suggestion that, if they were rooms. All of these rooms are light and cheer- at all ill, the doctor should administer an immeful, and some of the bed-rooms are hung with diate dose of medicine. Beside the bowling baskets and vases of natural flowers. Io some alleys, the gympasium was furnished with the of the bed-rooms there are as many as six or usual array of exercising bars and ropes. The eight beds, but the rooms themselves are so room itself is light and very lofty. Attendants spacious and well-ventilated that the charge of | are always present during the exercises.
In one of the sitting rooms into which we is profoundly reverenced, and man is tenderly were shown, four idiot girls were sitting. It loved the soul is keenly alive to all the was then a little after eleven in the morning. nobler and gentler calls of God and nature. They were all young; the oldest about twenty, It must be conceded that the original constithe youngest about fifteen. The one to whom tution bas much to do with the formation of we were especially introduced was reading a such a character. We have known persons magazine, and, at the request of the matron, seemiogly so happily tempered, in whom all the read aloud, and with some intelligence, a little physical and mental functions appeared from poem entitled “Snow.” In spite of some mal childhood to operate with such admirable preformation or disfigurement of countenance, cision, that they could bardly help being goodwhich gave a mashed appearance to the face, natured ; and undoubtedly good nature is the her expression was sonjewbat pleasing. She very best stock on which to graft moral goodinformed us that she was always good; that she ness. Others, again, inherit by transmission a never did anything bad. She made several sort of virus in their blood and nerves which is rambling remarks about her brother, who she an ever-disturbing force, rendering them morfirst said lived in England, and then that he bid and restive—subjects of very difficult conlived in New York. She favored the gentle quest, on whom the fruits of holiness are apt to man who had allowed me to be his companion grow, however large in size, yet a little acrid with a prolonged stare, of sufficient power, one to the taste. Still, it is the province of grace would think, to photograph his features upon and culture pot only to work upon and her mind for at least a century. She is in the through naturally healthful traits as favoring habit of visiting one of the school-roome, and conditions of moral excellence, but also to recof giving the most amazing answers to geo- tify perversions by infusions of corrective powgraphical questions. At the request of the er, which shall thoroughly renovate the characmatron she defined a desert, which she stated to ter and secure the utmost consistency of spiritbe“ a large tract of land on the Egyptian side ual growth. Under their joint influence, every of the Andes. Yes," she replied to further one may maintain in exact proportions all the interrogatories, with a decisive shake of the relative parts in the process of development, head, “it's on the Sahara side of the desert.” and attain that which may be fitly regarded the The three other idiot occupants meanwhile perfection of beauty-moral goodness. gazed on with grins expressive of charitable Setting aside, however, what is possible to condolement of such deplorable ignorance! A this or that particular person, it is the great book.case in the room was filled with pretty worth of the good man to which we wish to samples of needlework.
bear witness. He is the very salt of society. We bade farewell to the matron and the doc- And fortunately for almost all communities, at tor, well pleased with a visit which cannot but least one such man is to be found everywhere. be of interest to the visitor of intelligence He may or may not be the most prominent, and feeling. On leaving we stopped and spoke the most wealthy, the best educated citizen of to a pensive looking boy, of about thirteen, with his neigbborhood; but be bis surroundings fine blue eyes, and dark fringe of lashes, who what they may, he is the centre of a distinct blushed a little when spoken to, and was hardly class of influences indispensable to the weal of got out of his pensiveness and solitude. He it society. He stands firm when others are was who had been five years learning to write. yielding; the farthest removed from dishonest (To be continued.)
tricks, or heated strifes, he is a composer of
differences. Always happy in the consciousTHE VALUE OF GOOD MEN.
ness of his own integrity, be is calm when othAlthough it is the design of the Gospel toers around him are violent and alarmed; invaproduce moral excellence, yet its influence is so riably careful in forming and expressing bisa modified by the peculiar disposition and circum- opinions, his judgment is deferred to when the stances of the person through whom it acts, heats of passion have subsided, and men wish that we are often bound to concede that people to ascertain the path of safety. One such perare religious whom we do not regard pre-emi- son in a community, one such Christian in a pent for goodness. We look for an assemblage church, is of more value than thousands of sil. of graces where goodness is the distinguishing ver and gold. Great multitudes of people canquality, which may not always be found, even not have, in the strict sense, minds of their where piety is admitted to exist. When we own. They either lack original capacity or refer to a person as emphatically good, we im. training; and they must have some sach man ply that there is an unusual tepacity of moral insensibly to think for them, to be their moral purpose, great depth of moral feeling, largeness or spiritual guide. lle becomes a reservoir of benevolence, sweetness of disposition, as which is constantly tapped for spiritual knowl. well as a most delicate perception of justice edge. Lesser and feebler souls take hold of and propriety in all the relations of life. God I his strength, and are held up by it. By the