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for such addition to your powers of thought, in-mately get, if they continue to persevere, and vention and reason as these studies give, you richly are they rewarded for their labor. will have need all your lives, be your occupa The unsuccessful teacher, on the other hand, tions what they may; and you will also find stands below, and tries to push and drive his therefrom, a great addition to your usefulness pupils up on the platform with his hand, his and enjoyment.
switches, tasks, scoldings, black marks, privaWhile you gain all the information you can tions from ordinary privileges, and all such old from others, you must learn to think for your pedagogue inventions; and this frequently, too, selves--to use your own minds; so that when while they are running and reaching after other you meet with some difficulty, you must not go objects in which they are much more interested ; at once to a teacher, or a more advanced scholar, and slow, difficult, mutually oppressive and reto get it solved, but use your own powers first : pulsive, imperfect, and almost useless work, is your effort may enable you to solve it, and even made of it. if it does not, it will at least the better prepare But returning again to my young friends, in your minds for advantageously understanding regard to hints for improving and disciplining the solution when given by another. By ex- the miod. When you do not know, and have ercise in this way, the mental faculties are not the means within your reach of informing strengthened. If a person never lifted any. yourselves, never be ashamed or hesitate to ask thing heavier than a pin, the muscles of his those who you think can give you the desired arm would never fully develope and become information. A few years past, I was going strong; so if the mind does not have some fre. along a street in the lower part of your city and quent engagement that will s'rongly task its saw a sign : “Stencils made to order.” Stencils, powers, it will fail of that healthy, strengthen said I to myself, I do not know what they are ; ing discipline which it so greatly needs. so I immediately stepped into the shop and
I used frequently to tell my students that found a very benevolent-faced man behind the they might just as reasonably expect to become counter, and said to him, “ My good friend, I fat by having some other person to eat for them, cannot tell whether I want any of thy ware or as to become wise and learned by having an. not, for I do not know what a stencil is." He other to thiok for them. The great fact should smiled, not apparently at my ignorance, but be continually borne in mind, that we must do good-naturedly and patronisingly, and showed
for ourselves in life-must use our own powers, me the article, and I found I had long known which are thereby healthfully developed and it, but not by that name, which however is its strengthened. You must, in fact, educate your i true name. On mentioning the circumstance selves, and let your books, dictionaries and to others since, I have been surprised to find teachers only come in as aids to your own exer- | how many were like myself, ignorant of the tions. Then you will become thoroughly edu- name of so familiar an instrument. cated in those departments of knowledge in 2d. Never give up a search, but keep a subwhich you engage.
ject of inquiry before you, till you get your dif. And here let me give a little hint to teach-ficulty solved, if possible. ers. The Educational Platform may be repre- I was more than twenty years endeavoring to sented as elevated on four principal pillars,- ascertain why, in the Roman numeral characters, Truth, Experience, Observation and Reason. L stood for 50 and D for 500, inquiring of every The successful teacher stands high on the plat- one who I thought could inform me, and examinform; expatiates on the delights unfolded by ing every book which I believed likely to contain the prospect he enjoys, and on the beauty, utili- the desired information. It was easily seen why ty and desirableness of the treasures it yields; C stood for 100, as it is the commencement of the and with the sweetness and loveliness that Latin word centum, which means 100; and M adorn the true advocates of education, invites for 1000, as it is an abbreviation of mille, which and encourages the young people to come up, is 1000 in Latin. Also, in the ancient method see, and partake for themselves.
of keeping tally, one mark (1) stood for one, and Thus invited and stimulated, they are loft to in printing this mark it was represented by the apply their own powers in their own way to letter I; two marks (11). stood for two, which gain the ascent. Sowe go resolutely at work in were printed by two ìI's; three marks (11) climbing up the main pilla-s; some succeed by stood for three, which were printed by three getting a ladder or steps [books, &c.] that III's; four marks (101) stood for four, which others have constructed; some solicit aid from were printed by four IlII's, and these four the teacher, which is always cheerfully given marks with a cross, 1:1-11,* stood for five, which when applied for and needed. One by one meth: *The ditficulty of forming these characters in print od, and another by another, according to their was not taken into consideration when tbe article characteristic specialty ; but all are at work,
was sent to press. The reader will therefore imagine
a line drawn across the 4 marks where the dots occur, with their own powers, to get up; and although
to represent 5. Some of the other representations, for their progress may be different, up they all ulti- I the
e umereul, up they all will. I the same reason, are necessarily it perfect.--Eds.
was printed by the letter V, as the one most to take their respective places, when they were Dearly representing it; and then tallying by a “in care," as it was called, to keep order at the point over each mark for 6, 7, 8 and 9, and a table of the “waiters,” who ate after the other back tally, thus 1:1-1:1 made the ten, and ulti- scholars were all done, which allowed my asso. mately the two tallies alone (X) stood for ten, ciate teachers some additional half hour three which was printed by the letter X. When the times a day, the week they were “in care,” to tallies were made by cutting notches in a stick attend to their domestic concerns. By this aror piece of wood, the first teu units were deno- rangement I attended at the waiters' table three ted thus, HUT l.1-11, and the ten alone was times every day the whole year; and having printed as VV's, or X.
nothing to do but to preserve order by my preFurthermore, that a character which stood sence, I kept a volume of Addison's Spectator for a less number when placed before one that on a shelf near where I sat in the dining room, represented a greater number, took that much and read a paper in it, which was about four from it; whereas, when placed after the great- pages, while the scholars who had waited on er, it added to it. Thus I before V takes one the others during their meals, ate theirs, which from five, so that IV is four; while I after V made three papers or some twelve pages a day. adds one to five, and VI represents six. In like When I closed my book at the end of one meal, mander, as I stands for 50, XL is forty, while I thought over the import of what I had just LX is 60; XC is 90, while CX is 110. All read; and before opening it, on picking it up at this was easy and comprehensible. But why the next meal, i ran over this again in my did L stand for 30, and D for 500? That was mind, so as to retain the connection. In these the question which I was trying for more than small portions of time, which otherwise might twenty years to solve. I never doubted of ulti. have passed as wasted, I thus read, thoroughly, mate success if I should live, and therefore still the whole twelve volumes of the Spectator in kept the subject befyre me; and one day, when one year; and it was among the most profitable engaged in an entirely different investigation, reading I ever did. So that while accommodataud searching an old quarto Ainsworth's Latin ing my fellow.teachers, I did a kindness to mg. Dictionary, printed in London in 1783, I acci. self, in gaining valuable information and inteldentally fell upon the information I had been lectual improvement. Four pages, read three so long in quest of, and very simple it was, as times a day, requiring from fitteen to twenty most things are when understood. The Roman minutes each time, will, in a year, make twelve C, which stands for centuin, or 100, used to be volumes of 365 pages each. made thus [, which is much as our printed C, I can therefore confideotly recommend to all only by rapidity in forming the characters when my young friends to employ usefully and sysprinted with a pen, the corners have become tematically all the small portions of time-also, rounded. Cut this C in two, and take the lower never to put off to another time what you can half, I., and the Roman letter with which it as well do now; and then I give it as my expe. could be printed was Ls, so that I represented rience, you will never want for leisure for the 50, the half of 100.
most pressing requirements of life. Io nothing Again, M, which stands for mille, 1000, was is the Scotch proverb more true than is regard formerly printed tbus CD. Cut this in two, and to time, that " Monie inkles mak a mickle."we have the right hand half, P, which is print. “Many littles make a great deal.” Peter Pared by the Roman D, to represent 500, or half ley (8. G. Goodrich) gave a good maxim once of a thou a id-all easy and clear.
in my hearing to some young persons whom he 3rd. Occupy small portions of spare time in was addressingsome useful and systematic engagement. An
Ne'er till to-morrow's dawn delay author, mentioned in the Spectator, I think, What can as well be done TO-DAY." who had disciplined himself to punctuality and From experience of its value, I can strongly reindustry, wrote an interesting volume in the commend this rule for your adoption. The short intervals between the time he reached the German poet, Gothe urges to present prompt: table, upon the family being summoned to their ness in action in these lines, which are well meals, and when his wife came to sit down with worthy of being retained in mindhim. He kept the writing materials for this
"Are you in earnest? Sieze this very minute. service by the table ready from one meal to What you can do, or think you can, begin it; another, and was thus enabled to pass these lit Boldness has genius, power magie in it." tle portions of otherwise waste time, patiently
(To be continued.) and pleasantly to himself, and to the benefit of others, by the result of his iudustry.
COMMUNION WITH GOD. When I was teacher at West Town Board Religion, or the devotional part of it, is noing School, from 1821 to 1824, I was the only thing but communion of the soul with God; unmarried 'male teacher in the establishment, and therefore by its necessary condition is seand my colleagues having families, I volunteered | clusive. There is no piety of a multitude.
The worship of a congregation is the worship dren and her own daughter, who is as dear to
A SUBSCRIBER. long to its own ultimate welfare. - Isaac Taylor.
THE FUSION OF RELIGIOUS IDEAS.
For friends' Intelligencer.
This seems to be the age of religious fusions. MY STEPMOTHER.
Sixty years ago Napoleon, when he got among My feelings have many times been pained by the Turks, professed himself a good Mussulhearing the obloquy which, without discrimi. man, quoted the Koran, and proclaimed hiin. nation and with un-paring hand, is cast upon self the Man of Destiny. But he never really those who occupy the station of stepmother. gained anything by it, and historians like AliThe trials and difficulties with which their path son, in the history of Europe, and many others, is thickly strewed are in many cases quite made a great handle of it, to prove his habitual overlooked, while their failures and short. insincerity on the most solemn subjects. But comings are quickly detected. Though I am the Sultan, in his recent speech delivered at not a stepmother, yet in vindication of the Guildhall, London, has astonished the world deeply injurel class, I feel a strong desire to by his liberality. He spoke with the utmost east my mite in the opposite scale.
fluency in Arabic, and his speech was not only When seven years of age, I lost my mother. interpreted by a secretary, or dragoman, but She left four children, of whom I was the old- printed, and copies of it freely circulated, to est. When I was ten, our dear father left us the great admiration of the assembled crowd. to go to a distant city, to bring with him the He seemed to have left behind him all the peone whom he had selected to fill the important culiarities of the Moslem faith, and to have stations of wife and mother in his family. More brought out only some of those great principles tban fifty years bave passed away since the of universal religion that belongs to all king. time of their arrival at our home in a newly- doms and nations of the earth, as men. He settled country, yet the incidents of that event- desires not only " to see in other centres of civa ful day are still fresh in my remembrance. ilization what still remains to be done in his Amoug other things, I recollect seeing our new own country, but to show his desire to establish, mother step aside to weep, and perchance to lift not only among his own subjects, but between her heart in prayer. I never heard her allude his people and the other nations of Europe, to her feelings on that trying occasion, but I that feeling rf brotherhood wbich is tiie fouu. have not the least doubt that a realizing sense dation of human progress and the glory of our of the weighry responsibility she had assumed, age. together with the novel and untoward surround No doubt this speech was carefully prepared ings of her new home, elicited the falling tear. for him; but he clearly understood it, and How can we wonder? When she found her- adopted its sentiments. His great maxim, self surrounded by a group of dependent and the brotherhood of nations, the foundation of wayward children, intrusted to her care. A human progress,” is, indeed, a seatiment worformidable task indeed, enough at first thought thy the highest admiration. No wonder an to cause her heart to sink. But with self- English poet so far forgot the ancient antipathy sacrificing devotion, she applied with energy, of Christian and Mohammedan, as to pray perseverance and undeviating consistency to the God to protect this representative of the false work before her, which, on her part, has been prophet. Not only is religious persecution now accomplished with entire success.
being put an end to through the earth, but The tender and affectionate interest which there are certain great principles of religion she has uniformly manifested for our welfare is clearly becoming established among the nations above all praise. No difference could be dis of the earth worthy of special notice. Rev. covered in the treatinent of her adopted chil- | Henry Martin, when he went as missionary to,
and travelled through, Persia, astonished the But it is on our own continent that the rela-
PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 7, 1867.
FAIRFAX QUARTERLY MEETING.–From a
The general sympathy felt for Friends within
The Quarterly Meeting held on the 19th of
Friends from Hopewell and Woodlawn gave
to travel to Quarterly Meeting, once in the year,
as it formerly was in the Eleventh month, and
The Meeting of Ministers and Elders being
held on Seventh day, and the Quarterly Meet-
much attention, causing a large attendance of The letter furnished by A. H. L., from B. those not in membership with us.
H., will interest many who feel a warm interest This plan of holding Quarterly Meetings, and in the poor Indians; and it will answer a contheir being held in rotation in different places, cern expressed by some of our correspondents has the advantage which was thought to be de- in relation to the action which Friends should rived from the circular annual meetings form- take in regard to them, and will also show that erly held in this country and in Great Britain. the Society has not ceased its efforts in their The Meetings just passed were favored with behalf.
Eds. the precious evidence of Divine Life, and the Gospel truths declared appeared to meet with
SANDY SPRING, MD., 8th mo. 20th, 1867. acceptance in the hearts of the people.
ALFRED H. LoveOur correspondent also informs that, "in this Esteemed Friend :--Thy kind letter of the section of Virginia, abundant crops of wheat
26th ult., enclosing an article from the City
Bulletin have been gathered. The fruit trees are bear while I was absent from home, and I bave been
on the Indian question, arrived here ing plentifully, and the corn fields look remark- unable, till now, to acknowledge its reception. ably well. The barps burnt during the rebel I am pleased to observe the warm interest lion are being rebuilt, and the hand of industry thou feels in this oppressed and greatly wronged is repairing the ravages of war. Surely this is people, over whose destiny so dark a cloud
seems to be at present impending. I am glad cause of thankfulness to the Author of all good.” to be able to
last visit to
the Indian Department, on the 8th of the FIRST-DAY SCHOOL CONFERENCE. present month, gave me ground for greater enA Conference, to promote an interest in First- Day!couragement than I had received at any time Schools, and to consider the best mode of conducting since the great massacre in Minnesota, -some them, will be held in Friends' School-house, High three years ago. The Acting Commissioner of St., West Chester, Pa., on Seventh-day, Ninth month Indian Affairs informed me that there was a 14th, at 2 o'clock.
All Friends interested in this movement, particu- great reaction in public sentiment, and especially larly such as are parents, are cordially invited to amongst members of Congress, and others in attend.
official position, in the Indians' favor. Their West Chester,
eyes are becoming opened by the enormity of Taos. H. HALL,
Wm. M. HAYES,
the daily expenditures in the Indian country,
and an inquiry awakened as to the cause that has Goshen--THOMAS S. Cox.
produced the present condition of things, when Baltimore--ELI M. LAMB.
it is found that injustice, outrage, and cruelty, Germantown-WILLIAM DORSEY.
on the part of the whites towards these helpless Philadelphia,
people, lie at the bottom of it all. And the Dillwyn Parrish,
A BIGAIL WOOLMAN, Commissioners emphatically remarked that the HARRIET E. STOCKLY, Lukens WEBSTER, Government is finding it cannot longer afford Joseph M. TRUMAN, JR.
to be unjust to the Indians. He expressed the belief that the present Congressional Commis
sion, consisting of Gers. Sherman, Harney and According to announcement, a large number of Terry, Commissioner Taylor, head of the Indian persons assembled in Friends' Meeting-House, Ab
Bureau, Henderson, Sanbors, and Tappan, who ington, on the 25th of Eigbth month, at 3 o'clock, P.21., on the occasion of the Meeting of the Pennsyl- are among the Western Indians, will carefully vania Peace Society. Interesting remarks were of. investigate the whole matter with a determinafered by several in attendance - Friends and others, tion to do entire justice to the Indians, and re
and the meeting adjourned to meet at Friends' port a practical plan for the amelioration of Meeting-House, Germantown, on the 22d of Ninth the present condition and the future protection mooth, at 3 o'clock, P.M.
of the Indians. He assured me that nothing NOTICE TO THE SUBSCRIBERS TO JANNEY'S
further can at present be done for their interest
or assistance, and, in all probability, no opporHISTORY OF FRIENDS. Owing to the first edition of this work having be- tunity for labor will occur till said Commission come exhausted, tbe Publisher was compelled to
makes its report. defer forwarding the volumes to many subscribers. I may state to thee that I am Secretary of Another edition has been completed. Friends de- the Committee on the Indian Concern, of Baltisiring to subscribe, or to have additional copies, more Yearly Meeting of Friends, and have been would do well to take advantage of the present op- laboring arduously for many years, in an enportunity of addressing to that effect, The Publisher, T. EllwooD ZELL,
deavor to protect and promote the interests of Nos. 17 and 19 S, Sixth St. these greatly wronged people. A few years