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discipline twice a week.” Twice a week-tbat| ticipation in the benefits of the priblic-school system is, they lacerate their backs with an iron-pointed of that State, fourteen schools have been established scourge. “The cold in winter is intense, and in part by the coptributions of the parents of the

through the aid of various associations, supported they are not allowed any fires." In the conventpupils. The average number enrolled is about 730, of St. Theresa, at Seville, an equally rigorous and, during the coming autumn and winter months, system is kept up by the nuns. • They keep this will probably be increased from 1,000 to 1,200. up a perpetual fast, living chiefly on the dried The same eagerness to learn which has been exhibited cabala, or stockfish, and only on festivals al- throughout the South, has been displayed in Dela.

ware, accompanied in some districts with even lowing themselves eggs and milk. They have greater opposition from a portion of the white popuno beds, only a hard matress; this, with an iron lation. lamp, a pitcher of water, a crucifix, and a dis- Statistics of the colored schools in Virginia show cipline, constitute the only furniture in each cell. that nearly 17,000 scholars are enrolled, the annual They are allowed no linen except in sickness. expense of whose teaching will be about $100,000. They are rarely allowed to go out in the corridor, from 43 teachers, some of the latter being also col.

In Richmond 3,000 colored pupils receive instruction in the sun, to warm themselves. Their house is ored. The scholars are regular in attendance, eager like a cellar, cold and damp, and they have no to learn, faithful to the requirements of the schools, fires. Even at recreation they are not allowed and give good promise of becoming intelligent and to sit, except on the floor. They have only five worthy citizens. hours' sleep. They see absolutely no one, re

The Washington Union reports the discovery, beceiving the Holy Communion through a slit in miles of Washington, by Prof. T. C. Rafioson, of

low the Great Falls of the Potomac, within fifteen the wall. The English lady was the first per- Copenbagen, of a Runic inscription, which records son they had seen face to face, or with lifted the death of an Iceland woman named Suasa, wbo veils, for twelve years." At chapel they are died in the year 1057, of the Christian era. Fragnot allowed to see the altar. Lady Herbert, dev

men:s of teeth, bronze trio kets, coios, and other cu. ertheless, asks, Why is it that convents of rious things, have been exhumed from the grave.

The discovery appears to prove conclusively that this nature are so repugnant to English taste ?" the North men were long in advance of Columbus in -Evening Bulletin.

their explorations upon this continent. A scientific

report, in reference to this discovery, will be looked Heart RELIGION.- Religion is, in an emi. for with great interest. pent degree, the science of the heart, and he An Omaha correspondent of the Chicago Republiwho does not receive it in his heart, studies it to can writes concerning the recent attack on a traid very little purpose. Every Christian ought, the Union Pacific Railway, as follows : therefore, to study with the heart as well as that the redskins did this business, but the wbi

“The way tbe tbing looks now, it does not appear with the head; letting light and heat increase skins did. The scalping was certainly not done by with an equal progression, and mutually assist Indians—so men who understand the business say, each other.-- Schimmellpenninck.

A redskin would not be apt to leave the scalp behind

-be would ratber lose bis own-tbat of itself is & ITEMS.

little evidence; but what makes it almost sure is the It appears from the records of the Smithsonian fact that the scalp of the man wbo is still living, and Institute tbat the entire fall of rain by the late in a fair way to recovery, by the way—is not taken storm was nearly six inches.

in the Indian style. An Indian is never known to The successful completion of the cable connecting merely a couple of inches from the crown of the

take the whole top of the bead for his scalp, but Florida and Cuba affords great cause for congratu- head; and, besides, they generally take it off neatly, lation. It places the United States in close communication with a country with which it bas most in. wbile this was done in a very bungliog manner. timate and important business relations. Messages

Some persons (and I must say I am one of the numare said to be successfully passing through this ber) think there were no lodiang concerned; but cable. The broken end was recovered on August bave an Indian war if possible, and their constant

Omaha and all these Western towns are bound to 18th, after several days of unsuccessful grappling, and the cable was immediately spliced and the con

cry is extermination. Now, this late attack serves nection made perfect. It will be opened to the pub- question, provided they keep under a few of the facts

.

first rate to bring Eastern people to their side of the lic in a short time.

Several trains on Eastern and Sontbero railways By a new Anglo-American treaty, the postage be- have been tbrown from the track before now, the tween England and the United States will speedily cars robbed, and sometimes destroyed.

This bas be reduced one-balf. It is now twenty-four cents been done inside of two years. There being no loupon a balf-ounce letter, and this is to be cut down dians then to tbrow the blame opon, it was at once to twelve cents. It was partly promised (by the charged rightly to thieves and bighway robbers; and Duke of Montrose, Postmaster General of England, it is very natural to suppose that the same class of when placing the postal treaty before the House of beings will do the same kind of work bere, if that Lords,) that, whenever circumstances permitted, a class is bere to do it. And it is not denied, but read. still further reduction would be agreed to by the ily admitted, that towns such as Julesburg, and British Government. This means in the even: of others not so far away, are more than half peopled the revenue not suffering by the change. As for by roughg. Anoiber ihing, every time there is a ru. tbat, we suspect tbat the increased number of letters mor of an Indian attack anywbere, it is telegrapbed will more than make up all deficiencies. There is East as a fact; but wben, a few bours later, it proves hope, too, of a daily mail from Europe.

to be entirely untrue, tbe telegraph does not carry The colored people of Delaware being denied par-I the correction."

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson....... 417
1
A Singular Sermon......

419 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS An Address before Friends' First Day School in Baltimore... 420 MADE TO My Stepmother...

423 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, The Fusion of Religious Ideas..

423 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,

EDITORIAL ......

424 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M, On Seventh-days, until 3 P.M.

The Indians.

425 TERMS:-P AY ABLE IN ADVANCE

POETRY....... The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per Extra ta from an Excursion on the Westchester and Philaannum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10. Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

delphia Railroad .. The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Value of Good Men......

430 AGENTS.-Joseph S. Cobu, New York.

The Ant-Lion.........

431
Henry Ilaydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

John Quincy Adams' Mother..
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS

432 James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.

427

432

F. W. ROBERTSON.

BY s. M. JANNEY.

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OF Diabolic, Noble and Base, I believe sophistry

cannot puzzle so long as the life is right.

“ I should say, therefore :

“ 1. Remember how much is certain. Is there (Continued from page 305.)

any doubt about the Sermon on the Mount? In reading the Life and Correspondence of Whether, for instance, the Beatitudes are true Robertson, we are impressed with his earnest- to fact? Whether the pure in heart shall see Dess of purpose, the originality of some of his God? Any doubt, whether to have the mind views, and the tone of Christian charity that of Christ be salvation and rest? Well, if so, pervades the whole. Taking into consideration you may be content to leave much, if God will, his education and position in the established to unfold itself slowly; if not, you can quietly church, we can make allowance for some opin. wait for Eternity to settle it." ions not coincident with our own, and read with In relation to the limitatiods of science, he satisfaction the illustrations of Heavenly truth said, in a letter to a friend : “Some time ago I presented in his choice and glowing words. know that Faraday said he considered that they

In answer to a friend wbo sought his advice were just in sight of the discovery of the pripin relation to religious investigation, he wrote as ciple of life, the distant discovery was already follows:

• felt trembling along the line. It is enough to “The condition of arriving at truth is not make one's brain reel, indeed, to think on these severe babits of investigation, but innocence of things. life and humbleness of heart. Truth is felt, “It appears to me, however, that great misnot reasoned, out; and if there be any truths takes are made in the expectations e stertained which are only appreciable by the acute under- with respect to what science can do. The scistanding, we may be sure at once that these do enrific mode of viewing things is simply buman : Dot constitute the soul's life, nor error in these it is not God's way. Creation is one thing, the soul's death. For instance, the metaphys- dissection is another. Dissection separates into ics of God's Being, the plan,' as they call it, organic parts, shows the flesh laid on the skele

of salvation,' the exact distinction between the ton, &c.; but God did not make first a skeleton divine and human in Christ's Person. On all and then flesh. Life organized to itself its own these subjects you may read and read till the body. And so, too, according to Science, the brain is dizzy and the heart's action is stopped; final cause of the sensibility of the skin, and so that of course the mind is bewildered. But the insensibility of the parts below the skin, is on subjects of Right and Wrong, Divine and the protection of the parts most exposed from

injury. The extremities of the fingers are without thunder,' that is true, for there is never most sensitive; the heart and bones have few destructive lightning without thunder. But, nerves. Had this been reversed, had the skin again, if I say, " The tree was struck by lightbeen apathetic and the interior parts sensitive, ping without thunder,' that is true, too, if I great pain would have been the result,"to no mean that the lightning alone struck it, withpurpose, and the parts exposed might have been out the thunder striking it. Yet read the two destroyed, burnt, or broken without giving assertions together, and they seem contradictory. warning of danger; whereas, as it is, the most So, in the same way, St. Paul says, ' Faith jusdelicate parts, like the eyelid, are protected by tifies without works, that is, faith only is that an acute sensibility, which defends them at the which justifies us, not works. But St. James most distant approach of injury.

says, “Not a faith which is without works.' “Well, the anatomist says the final cause of There will be works with faith, as there is this arrangement, that is, the end which was the thunder with lightning; but just as it is not the cause of its being so arranged, was the protec- thunder, but the lightning, the lightning without tion of the structure. Of course the anatomist the thunder, that strikes the tree, so it is not can go no further; but there are ends, which the works which justify. Put it in one senthe anatomist's science does not even touch, sob. tence,— Faith alone justifies : but not the Faith served by these sensibilities,—the education, which is alone. Lightning alone strikes, but for instance, of the character and heart through not the lightning which is alone without thun. pain; a much higher end, properly speaking, der; for that is only summer lightning, and more truly the final cause of pain, than the harmless. You will see that there is an ampreservation of the organic framework from biguity in the words without and alone,' and harm. In all such departments Science must the two apostles use them in different senses, forever be at fault. She has not the organ por just as I have used them in the above simile the intuitive sense whereby their truths are dis about the lightning. covered."

“ All this will be more plain if you consider The following letter was, apparently, ad. what faith is. It is that strong buoyant confidressed to a young woman seeking for spiritual dence in God and in His love which gives energy guidance:

and spirit to do right without doubt or despond“ My Dear --Your mamma showed me ency. Where God sees that, He sees the spring your questions to her, and I offered to answer and fountain out of which all good springs : He them as well as I can, though it would be easier sees, in short, the very life of Christ begun, and to do so de vive voix than on paper. That re- he reckons that to be righteousness, just as a small specting the personality of the Devil I have perennial fountain in Gloucestershire is the already answered in a letter to your sister, Thames, though it is not as yet scarcely large though I am not sure that it was sufficiently enough to float a schoolboy's boat; and just as detailed to be quite satisfactory or intelligible. you call a small seedling not bigger than a litRemember, however, that the main thing is to tle almond peeping above the ground, an oak: believe in God, wbich is the chief article of all for the word 'justify' means not to be made the creeds. Our salvation does not depend upon righteous, but to reckon or account righteous. our baving right notions about the devil, but " Now observe, just as you count the seven right feelings about God. And if you hate springs to be the Thames without a flood of waevil, you are on God's side, whether there be a ters, and without the navy that rides on the personal evil principle or not. I myself be. Thames, and just as you call the sapling an lieve there is, but not so unquestioningly as-to oak, without the acorns, so God reckons the be able to say, I think it a matter of clear reve- trust in Him as righteousness, because it is the lation. The Bible does reveal God, and except fountain and the root of righteousness, being inwith a belief in God there will and can be no deed, the life divine in the soul. He reckons goodness. But I can conceive intense hatred it as such (that is, He justifies the soul that has of wrong

with

great uncertainty whether there it) without works,--that is, before works are be a Devil or not. Indeed many persons who done, and not because of the works. But then believe in a Devil are worse instead of better that faith will not be without works; for the for their belief, since they throw the responsi- fountain must flow on, and the tree must grow, bility of their acts off themselves on him. Do and the life of God in the soul, sanguine trust not torment yourself with such questions. in God, the loving and good One, must spring The simpler ones are the deepest.

up with acts; for to say that it does not would “Next, as to St. James's assertion that' faith be to say that it is dead, or that it is like without works profiteth nothing;' which ap- summer lightning, or like the gutter, which is pears to contradict St. Paul's, who says that a running past my house now, after a shower of man is justified by faith without the deeds of rain, and which is no perennial spring. St. the law.'

Paul says, Works-mere acts—are not enough “Suppose I say, 'A tree cannot be struck | to justify us ; because they are limited and im

1

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perfect. Ten thousand million-cannot, | work in us, it most be by our behavior, gentle, because even a million is a limited number bumble, submissive, yet cordial and gay. Nothing can justify but faith, for faith is in. finite, and immeasurable like a fountain.

True,

A SINGULAR SERMON, replies St. James. But then do not think that Delivered at Frankford, Pa., by JAMES SIMPson, a St. Paul means to say that a living fount of beloved Minister of the Society of Friends, a few faith will be barren, without works. The faith

months before his decease. which saves, is not that kind which has no piety,

" What I am now going to relate is but a but that kind which is ever prolific-'a weli simple story, and it is probable one of you may of water springing up into everlasting life.'have heard me tell it before; but it has taken

In another letter he wrote as follows: such possession of my mind, that I thought I

“I think the great main doctrine of Christ is would just drop it for your consideration. that Truth is Light, and they who love the When I was a young man, there lived in our light come to it; that wisdom is justified by neighborhood a Presbyterian, who was univerher children; that the Jews did not hear Him sally reported to be a very liberal man, and unbecause they were not his sheep; and, there commonly upright in his dealings. When he fote, that the Gospel was truth appealing to the had any of the produce of his farm to dispose of, heart much more than demonstrable to the he made it an invariable rule to give good measenses. Hence, ' If they heard not Moses and sure, over good, rather more than could be the Prophets, neither would they we persuaded' required of him. One of his friends observing by the most marvellous miracle.

him frequently doing so, questioned him why “But this did not include a secondary kind he did it-told him he gave too much, and said of proof for a lower kind of mind; see, especi- it could not be to his own advantage. Now my ally, John xiv. 11, where the two kinds of friends, mark the answer of this Presbyterian. proofs are given, and one subordinated to the God Almighty has permitted me but one journey other. It is quite consistent with God's wisdom through the world, and when gone I cannot reto reveal Himself to the senses as well as the turn to rectify mistakes. Think of this friends soul; and if the Gospel were utterly deficient but one journey through the world; the hours in this latter kind of proof, one great evidence that are past are gone forever, and the actions that it is from God would be wanting, -an in those hours can never be recalled. I do not evidence which we are justified in expecting throw it out as a charge, nor mean to imply that from the analogies of nature. God has written any of you are dishonest, but the words of this His glory, for instance, in the heart; at the Presbyterian have often impressed my mind, same time, He has so constructed the visible and I think in an instructive manner. But one universe that the heavens declare the glory of journey-we are allowed but one journey God.' And when the Eternal Word is mani- through the world; therefore, let none of us say, fested into the world, we naturally expect that " My tongue is my own, I'll talk what I divine power shall be shown as well as divine please. My time is my own, I'll go where I beneficence. Miracles, therefore, are exactly please ; I can go to meetings, or, if the world what we should expect, and I acknowledge, a

calls I'll stay at home—it's all my own.” great corroboration and verification of His Now this won't do, friends. It is as impossible claims to Sonship. Besides they startled and for us to live as we list, and then come here to aroused many to His claims who otherwise worship, as it is for a lamp to burn without oil. would not have attended to them. Still the It is utterly impossible. And I was thinking great truth remains untouched, that they, ap- what a droll composition man is. He is a compealing only to the natural man, cannot convey pound of bank notes, dollars, cents, and newsthe spiritual certainty of truth which the papers, and bringing as it were the world on spiritual man alone apprehends. However, as his back, he comes here to perform worship, or at the natural and spiritual in us are both from least would bave it appear so. Now, friends, I God, why shoald not God have spoken both to just drop it before we part for your consideration, the natural and spiritual part of us; and wby let each one try himself, and see how it is with should not Christ appeal to the natural works, his own soul.” subordinato always to the spiritual self-evidence of Truth itself.”

It is a day of unusual excitement and inquiry (To be continued.)

in every region of religious thought. lo quiet

ness and confidence, io humility and watchful. It is not in speaking of God that we can ness, will be our safety and our strength. And express what we feel concerning God, for this while it is our duty to uphold unflinchingly is injurious to us. Trust me, in order to speak the doctrines and testimonies given us as a of God, you must rest silent concerning Him a church to bear, may we strive to possess our long time. God wishes a silence over all that souls in patience, that whether our controversy He works in us; and if we would manifest his with what we believe to be error be oral or

me,

espistolary, we may conduct it towards those facts to aid in takiog straight and firm steps in of our brethren from whom we are compelled the pathway of education and the duties of life; to differ, in a spirit of Christian love and for- and I ardently crave that the time we are now bearance, to the furtherance of the great inter- together may not be entirely lost, but that each ests of truth and righteousness, remembering one of my precious young friends present may that if we are in possession of the truth, the gain at least one pew idea by the discourse you best evidence we can give of our faith in its hear, or have one of value, which was before omnipotent power is a calm confidence in the possessed, more permanently fixed. assertion of it. - British Friend.

I am informed that the present session of

your school will, for the summer, close this Liberty has been obtained from the author to pleasant exercise, so as to allow you a remission publish the following address, which we com- from school duties till fall, when, it is not mend to the careful perusal of our young doubted, you will return to them with renewed Friends.

interest and vigor. These periods of cessation It contains many useful “ hints" and

from any particular engagement have their use much valuable information.

Eds.

in the mental economy, and may be compared An Address delivered at the request of the to the moulting in insects, and a similar condi

Teachers of Friends' First-day School in tion in trees. The silk-worm, for instance, eats Baltimore, on the occasion of closing the and grows for some time, then both processes School for the Summer, 5th mo. 27th, 1866, cease, and a state of quiet ensues, during which BY BENJAMIN HALLOWELL.

it is acquiring force to throw off the impediment My Young Friends :- I have been invited to its further development; and this being efby the board of Teachers of Friends' First-day fected, it commences with renewed vigor to eat School in Baltimore, to deliver an address to and grow again. the interesting company of young persons under Also, the trees, after the summer's growth their charge, and I have accepted the invitation; and development, shed their leaves, and rest pot on the supposition that I possess any through the winter. But this is not a useless greater qualification of being useful to you condition; they are laborating, during this pethan they; or that I am likely to impart any riod of repose, materials which will enable ideas or truths tbat you have not already re-themceived from them, although I may clotbe them

“ To put their graceful foliage on again, in a somewhat different dress, so as to appear as And, more aspiring, and with ampler spread, something new; but I come to afford a little Shall boast new charms, and more than they have variety in your exercises, in harmony with the

lost."

Couper. Poet's assertion that

So, I have no doubt, it will be with you, my “Variety is the very spice of life, young friends. Your remission through the That gives it all its flavor,"

summer will afford opportunity to digest and and with the still higher authority, that “in arrange the intellectual acquirements already the mouths of two or three witnesses every attained, and enable you to resume your exer. word shall be established.

cises in the fall, with renewed energy and effiI am not about to endeavor to entertain, but ciency. Your present period of life is that deto instruct you. My remarks to you on the voted to the acquisition of information, both of present occasion will, designedly, not be wholly a literary and a business kind, to qualify you for adapted to your present capacities, but they may future usefulness. To secure this great object be likened to an inclined plane, of which the -a qualification for future usefulness-the two lower part is slid under your feet, while I in- essential requirements are to develope, strengthvite and encourage you to strive to go up higher en and discipline the mind and heart; and to and higher; or to a cord, of which I give you hold preserve the physical constitution in a healthy, of one end,

while the other end is attached to vigorous tone; and I propose to give you some immutable Truth, and I encourage you to climb of the most practical views I possess from obserup yourselves.

vation and experience, upon both these points. This effort in the use of your own minds, is First-in respect to the mind—it is a very comwbat will benefit you.

mon remark, especially by girls, in relation to Now that I am with you, what shall I talk studying arithmetic, or something which reto you about? Most of you are entire strangers quires close thought, that "there is no use in to me; I am not at all acquainted with your my learning this, for I never expect to have attainments, your tastes, your expectations on any occasion to use it.” My young friends, the present occasion, or any exterior thing that this is not the point. The primary object in will enable me to adapt my discourse to the par- school study is to strengthen and discipline ticular circumstances that exist among you; the mind, to develope the intellectual faculties; but the bright, intelligent and inquiring coun- and such studies, especially if they are difficult tenances before me, speak a desire for practical to you, are eminently calculated to do this—and

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