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ance that I pay safely commit my cause to the I mentioned in my last Account, that from great Disposer of events, who created map to my Arival in Eighty two, to the Date thereof, glorify and enjoy Him for ever; therefore, the being ten Moneths, we had got up Four score fervent aspirations of his dependent children Houses at our town, and that some Villages He will hear, and arise for their deliverance, were setled about it. From that time to my and on the banks thereof will enable them to coming away, which was a Year within a few sing praises unto Him.
Weeks, the Town advanced to Three hundred Thy friend, S. G. R. and fifty seven houses; divers of them, large, (To be continued.)
well built, with good Cellars, three stories, and
some with Belconies. A black cloud makes the traveller mend his There is also a fair Kew of about three hon. pace, and mind his home; whereas a fair day dred foot square, Built by Samuel Carpenter, and a pleasant way waste his time, and that to which a ship of five h
to which a ship of five hundred Tuns may lay stealeth away his affections in the prospect of her broade side: aud others intend to follow tbe country. However others may think of it, his example. We have also a Ropewalk made yet I take it as a mercy, that now and then by B. Wilcox, and cordage for shipping alsome clouds come between me and my sun, and
ready spun at it. many times some troubles do conceal our com
There io habits most sorts of useful Trades. forts ; for I perceive, if I should find too much
men, As Curpenters, Joyners, Bricklayers, friendship in my pilgrimage, I should soon for- Masons. Plasterers, Plumers. Smiths. Glasiers, get my Father's house and my heritage.—Lucas.
Tuyle-s, Shoemakers, Butchers, Bakers, Brew
ers, Glovers, Tunners, Felmongers, Wheelrights, PHILADELPHIA IN 1685.
Millrights, Shiprights, Boatriyhts, Ropemakers, A gentleman of this city has in his possession Saylmakers, Blockmakers, l'urners, &c. a pamphlet of twenty pages, which is styled There are Two Markets every Week and “A FURTHER ACCOUNT OF THE PRO-Two Fairs every year. In other places MarVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA AND ITS IM- kets also, as at Chester and New-Castle. PROVEMENTS, FOR the Satisfaction of Seven Ordinaries for the Iotertainment of THOSE THAT ARE ADVENTURERS, AND EN- Strangers and Work-Men, that are not HouseCLINED TO BE so." It bears the signature of keepers, and a good Meal to be had for sixpence, Wm. Peon, having been published by him, by sterl. way of an advertisement of his infapt colony, The hours for Work and Meals to Labourers, on his return to England in 1685. He sets are fixt, and knowo by Ring of Bell. out by giving as a reason for his leaving the After nine at Night, the Officers go the province and returning home, the fact that he Rounds and no Person, without very good had had a dispute with Lord Baltimore con. cause, suffered to be at any Publick-House that cerning the “laods of Delaware.” After is rot a Lodger. speaking of the resources of the country and of Tho this Town seemed at first, contrives for tbe increase in the population, he goes into an the Purchasers of the first hundred shares, each account of Philadelphia, of which the following share consisting of 5000 Acres, yet few going, is an exact copy, peculiar spelling and all: and that their absence might not Check the
“Philadelphia, and our intended Metropolis, Improvement of the Place, and Strangers, that as I formerly Writ, is two Miles long, and a foot to us, be thereby Excluded, I added that Mile broad, and at each end it lies thot mile, half of the Town, which lies on the Skulkill, upon a Navigable River. The scituation high that we might have Room for present and after and dry, yet replenished with running streams. Commers, that were not of that number, and it Besides the High-Street, that runs in the mid- bath already had great success to the Improvedle from River to River, and is an hundred foot ment of the Place. broad, it has Eight Streets more that run the Some Vessels have been here Built, and many same course, the least of which is fifty foot in Boats; and by that means, a ready Conveniency breath. And besides Broad-Street, which for Passage of People and Goods. crosseth the Town in the middle, and is also Divers Brickerys going on, many Cellars alan hundred foot wide, there are twenty streets ready Ston'd or Brick'd and some Brick Houses more, that run the same course, and are also going up. fifty foot broad. The names of those Streets The Town is well furnish'd with convenient are mostly taken from the things that Sponta- Mills; and what with their Garden Pluts, (the neously grow in the Country, As Vine-Street, least half an aore,) the Fish of the River, and Mulberry Street, Chesnut- Street, Wallnut- Street, their labour, to the Countryman, who begins to Strawberry. Street, Cranberry Street, Plumb pay with the provisions of his own growth, they Street, Bickery. Street, Pine Street, Oake- live Comfortably. Street, Beach-Street, Ash-Street, Popler. Street, The Improvement of the place is best meaSassafrax. Street, and the like.
| sur'd, by the advance of Value upon every
maps Lot. I will venture to say, that the ber; and N. Alen a good house, next to Thomas worst Lot in the Town, without any Improve- Wynns, from Lot. John Day a good house, ment upon it, is worth four times more than after the London fashion, most Brick, wiih a it was when it was lay'd out, and the best forty. I large frame of Wood, in the front, for Shop And though it seems unequal that the Absent Windows; all these have Belconies. Thomas should be thus benefited by the Improvements Smith and Daniel Pege are Partners, and set of those that are upon the place, especially, to making of Brick this Year, and they are very when they have sery'd no Office, run no haz-good; ulso, Pastorus, the German Friend, Agent ard, nor as yet defray'd any Publick charge, for the Company at Frankford, with his Dutch yet this advantage does certainly redound to People, are preparing to make Brick next year. them, and whoever they are, they are great Samuel Carpenter, is our Lime burner on his Debtors to the Country; of which I shall now Wharf. Brave LIME STONE found here, speak more at large.”
as the Workmen say, being proved. We build. Following this quaint description of Phila- | most Houses with Belconies. Lots are much delphia is an account of the products of the desir'd in the Town, great buying one of an soil, and the re ources of the river and the sea. other. We are now laying the foundation of a Whales abounded near the mouth of Delaware large plain Brick house, for a Meeting House, bay, and in the rivers there were great abund in the Center, (sixty foot long, and about forty ance of a fish which the ignorant call sliads." foot broad) and hope to have it soon up, many
A portion of Penn's publication is a letter hearts and hands at Work that will do it. A from Robert Turner to the Governor. It bears larce Meeting House, 50 foot long, and 38 foot date, “ Philadelphia, the 3d of the 6th month, 1 broad, also going up, on the front of the River, (Augst,) 1685.” Nr. Turner gives the follow- for an evening Meeling, the work going on a pace. ing account of the city and of the progress of Many Touons People setting their liberty, Lands. improvements here, which read whimsically at 1 hope the Society oill rub off the Reproaches this time:
some have cast vpon them. We now begin to " Now as to the Town of PHILADELPHIA gather in some thing of our muny great Debts." it gotth on in Planting and Building to admi.! The Meeting house in the "center" was ration, both in the front & backward, and there built at Centre Square, which, in the original are about 600 Houses in 3 years time. And plan of the city, was several hundred feet cast since I built my Brick House, the foundation of the present Centre Square. It was so disof which was laid at thy going, which I did de- tant from the city that the Friends refused to sign after a good manner, to incourage others. attend there, and after falling into disuse it was and that from building with Wood, it being the torn down long since. The Meeting-house “on first, many take example, and some that built the front of the river" stood on the west side Wooden Houses, are sorry for it: Brick build. of Front street, above Arch. It was used for ing is said to be as cheap : Bricks are exceeding purposes of public worship until the year 1789, good, and better than when I built: More when it was torn down. The brick house Makers fallen in, and Bricks cheaper, they which Mr. Turper built for himself stood at the were before at 16s. English per 1000, and now northeast corner of Front and Arch. many brave Brick houses are going up with! When the city was first settled the Founder good Cellars. Arthur Cook is building him a gave to purchasers of towo lots a certain portion brave Brick House near William Frampton's. of laud for farm purposes outside the city limits, on the front: For William Frampton hath to wit: north of Vine street and south of South since built a good Brick house, by his Brew-house street, where it was expected that they could and Bake-house, and let the other for an Ordi-plant potatoes and raise cabbages for all time. nary. John Wheeler, from New-England. is These were the “liberties lands" referred to in building a good Brick house, by the Blew Án. the letter of Mr. Turner. The name Northern chor ; and the two Brickmakers a Double Brick Liberties was borne by the portion of the city House and Cellars; besides several others going which now comprises the Eleventh and Twelfin on: Samuel Carpenter has built another house Wards, until 1851, when the Act of Consoli. by his. I am building another Brick house by dation swept away all the distinctions between mine, which is three large Stories high, besides the old city and the outlying districts.—Evena good large Brick Cellar under it, of two ing Bulletin. Bricks and a half thickness in the wall, and the next story half under Ground, the Cellar hath Matt. iii. 3.-" Prepare ye the way of the an Arched Door for a Vault to go (under the Lord ; make bis paths straight." Isaiah lxii. Street) to the River, and so to bring in goods, 10, says : “Prepare the way of the Lord; cast or deliver out. Humphery Murry, from New-up, cast up the highway ; gather up the stones.” York, has built a lurge Timber house, with In 1845 the Sultan visited Brusa, and the Emirs Brick-Chimnies. Jobp Test has almost finished and Sbeikhs sent forth a proclamation, somea good Brick House, and a Bake house of Tim. I what in the style of Isaiah's exhortation, to all the inhabitants tn assemble along the route and ficit in the finances of the institution is par prepare the way for him. The command to tially met, but not wholly; without this assistgather up the stones was peculiarly appropriate, lance its sphere of usefulness would be exas the farmers do the exact reverse,-gather up the stones from their fields and cast them into
tremely limited. We direct attention to the the highway. This practice renders the paths suggestion contained in the following extract uncomfortable and dangerous. See also Jer. from the report of the Principal in relation to xxiii. 12.
Ja Home for the industrious and worthy blind
a class which we fear has not the active sympa. FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.
thy of the community which their situation PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 23, 1867. demands.
| Extract from the Report of the Principal, FAMILY Visits.-Elizabeth Plummer, a
Wm. ChaPIN. Minister of Baltimore Monthly Meeting, bas
While we are gratified to report the success
| ful working of the literary and musical branches obtained the consent of that meeting to visit of the Institution, and also the favorable prothe families of Friends composing it.
gress of our Manufacturing Department ia
teaching and employing blind persons in useful INSTITUTIONS FOR THE BLIND.-We have trad
trades, experience every year confirms the nereceived the annual report of the “Indiana cessity of a house of industry for the regular Institute for the Education of the Blind,” by employment of pupils whose term of instruction which we learn that it is in a highly prosperous has terminated, and of the adult blind,
| The education of the blind is a simple matcondition. During the past year the number
ter; nor is it susceptible of much improvement of pupils received into the schools was greater in the way of securing their future welfare. than that of any previous year. Combined with The great idea which encourages tbe establishthe report is an interesting essay upon the ac-ment and support of all such institutions by companiments and effects of blindness by the the several States, 19 the preparation of the
blind for future usefulness and happiness by superintendent Wm. H.Churchman, A.M., from
tou self-dependence. Their misfortune unfits then which extracts will be found in another part of | for the large number of industrial and profesthe paper. By the reception of the Indiana sional pursuits open to the secing. But there are document we were reminded of our remissness mechanical arts in which they becoine good, if in not noticing the 54th annual report of the not rap
the not rapid workers. The difficulty with many
1-especially those without friends and homesPennsylvania Institution for the same class of the is
is in securing employment, and in earning fully community, published at the commencement of lenough for their support. Without this, the the present year. The managers of that In. failure, idleness, and demoralization which too stitution speak favorably of its condition so far often follow, prove how imperfect is their preas its capacity will permit, but regret their io.
vious instruction in this direction.
| The “ Association for Promotiog the General ability to extend to the numerous applicants welfare of the Blind.” founded in London, for admissi in the benefits to be derived from a by Miss E. Gilbert, is an example of a very term of years within its precincts. They have practical organization for the employment of in prospect an enlargement of the present the blind, which has been alluded to in our building or a removal to another location better
former reports. It gives work in various ways
to about 170 adult blind persons, many of adapted to their wants, as the demand cannot whom were previously begging in the streets. long be delayed. The “Home” connected The deficiency of their earnings is supplied by with the Institution has been of essential bene- annual subscriptions and legacies—the usual fit in furnishing a home for some of the meri- sources of support in Great Britain for the
benevolent institutions. torious pupils, but it is totally inadequate to
Such institutions will never be self-sustain. relieve the many equally wortby who are press-ling. But the support of an industrial associaing forward for support.
tion which enables every blind person to eara There are now twenty iomates in this depart- | 100, 200, or 300 dollars a year is certainly ment who in part support themselves either as
better than to throw such persous upon the
charities of the wayside, or consign them to teachers or in the manufactory. Of the 181
pensioned idleness. In a neighboring city, pupils in the institute but five pay in full. Byl with a large blind population, the adult blind the appropriation of the Legislature, the de. I receive an annual pension of fifty dollars each
from the city government, but are without em Died, on the 11th of Second month, 1867, in Farmployment. It is stated that a large number of ington, Ontario Co., N. Y.. Joseph E. CONVerse, in these city pensioners spend their days in beg-the-828 year of bis age; a member of Farmington
Monthly Meeting ging and their nights in revelry. Without
on the 4th inst., at the residence of his son-
For Friends' Intelligencer.
An Association has been formed for the
The need of an effort of this kind must, it is gram from General Howard, that an additional believed, be generally acknowledged, and it is
hoped will meet with liberal encouragement. 500,000 will be needed to supply the urgent In forming this Association, it is desired that wants of the people. We are assured that, as a its operations may be of so comprehensive a general thing, what has appeared in the public character as to place its benefits within the newspapers has fallen short of what has been reach of every Friend's family, and while at.
tention is thus being bestowed to the wants of made known through reliable private sources.
our own members, it is proposed to extend the The latter confirm the sad stories of starvation benefits of our labors among those by whom we in some parts of the States of South Carolina, are surrounded. Georgia and Alabama. It is not a reduction
The mission of early Friends was to bear tesmerely of the luxuries of life, but an absence
timony to the spirituality of true religion,
they were constrained to testify against the of a sufficient quantity of food to keep the peo- emptiness of forws and ce'emonies as a part of, ple from perishing with hunger. In the States or substitute for, the religion of the heart. In named, both white and black, men, women and their earnest labors to spread the glad tidings children are in this abject condition. Meetings of the gospel, they were guided and sustained for the purpose of forwarding relief to the by the revelation of Divine Light in the secret for the purpose of forwarding relief to the of the soul; and, as they were obedient to this, South bave been held in Boston, New York they were enabled in mea-ure to become lights and Baltimore, and Philadelphia is not generally to the world. The light shed abroad by their behind her sister cities in works of benevolence exanıple and their writings has been widely or acts of charity. It seems scarcely worth diffused. Its beneficent infuence has been
felt, even in the formation of governments, and while to do more than state the simple fact of
distinguished statesmen, philosophers and' histhe extreme destitution of our fellow creatures torians have borne testimony to its efficacy and to awakeu a response that will bring about the power. Their energy and zeal, as manifested Decessary relief.
by the multiplicity of their publications, are
remarkable. A Catalogue of their works, pub-
In a recurrence to the labors of our prede-, on Third-das, the 5th inst., with the appro
cessors, and in a survey of the fruits which it is bation of Litrie Fulls Monthly Meeting, Harford Co., acknowleged these labors were the means of Md., JONATHAN W. Branson, of Frederic Co., Va., to producing, the inquiry may well arise, Whether, E. CAROLINE CUNNINGHAM, of the former place, in these respects, we, as professors of the same
faith, are following their example of energy
lication Association are hereto appended, and on the 15:h of Tuird month, in Philadelphia, the general attendance of Friends is invited to EMILY P., daughter of. Thomas E. and Hannab E. the Annual Meeting, to be held on Second day Lewis, agtd 14 years.
on the 3d of First montb, 1867, ut bis resi- evening, Fitth month 13th, 1867, at 8 o'clock, dence, Woodstown, Salem Co., N. J., SAMUEL LiP- at Race St. Meeting- House, during the week of PINCOTT, aged nearly 82 years.
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting :
Articles of Agreement of Friends' Publica- of beneficence may always be found by those tiur Association.
disposed to seek them, into which their surARTICLE 1. - Friends' Publication Association shall plus gains may be poured to the advantage of consist of such Friends as contribute annually to its others and of themselves. All whose gains funds, and who are willing to be enrolled as mem- amount to more than they need for the reasonbers. The Annunl Meeting shall be held during the week
able requirenients of life, should early cultivate of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, in the Fiftb month, 1!
the habit of giving wisely and liberally, accordat wbicb the Officers and Executive Committee shalí ing to their means. This would prove a wholebe appointed.
sone check to the love of money, which is so ARTICLE 2.-The objects of this Association are as often a result of success in its acquisition, and follows:
would, perhaps, prevent the accumulation of ist.--To publish and encourage the writing of books. pamphlets. &c. cuculated to spread such large estates by some, wbile others are so knowledge of the principles and testimonies of comparatively poor. The desire to be rich does Friends, and suitable elementary and miscellaneous not seem to accord with the spirit of our disworks, and to enable Friends to procure such books
cipline, and should be especially discouraged for distribution in their respective neighborhoods.
in the training of our children, who should be 2d. - To procure books not inconsistent with our religious principles, and to dispose of them by sale
taught to regard accumulited property as a or gift to individuals, schools, and libraries. means to promote the comfort. of others as
3d.---To aid in extending the circulation of ap well as of themselves, and to advance all good proved periodicals.
works. While these views were held forth, ARTICLE 3.–The Officers of the Society shall be al;
it was admitted that great inequalities must Clerk, an assistant Clerk, and a Treasurer, who sball be ex-officio Members of the Executive Com
| always grow out of the difference of individuals mitee.
lin talent and aptness for business. It is, perThe Execu'ive Committee shall consist of 12 haps, wisely ordered tbat some should manage Friends. They shall be empowered to draw on the large coucerns, and store up capital, thus Treasurer, audit his accounts, and report their pro
developing the resources and promoting the ceedings to the Annual Meeling.
interests of the community; but extensive Executive Committee.
means involve correspouding responsibilities NATHANIEI. RICHARDSON, RACHEL T. JACKSON, and temptations. All who are blessed with SUSANNAH M. PARRISH, ANN A. TOWNSEND,
large estates, while they should keep to the Josepu C. TURNPENNY, Lypja GILLINGHAM,
limitations of truth in their expenditures, MARTHA DODGSON,
Lydia H. HALL,
striving against extravagance, which displays Tuomas GARRIGUES, Joseph POWELL.
itself in vain and unbecoming dress, houses All who may desire to contribute, or to be en and furniture, were exhorted to cultirate a rolled as members, can forward their names and liberal spirit toward all with whom they are contributions to
concerned in business, promoting employees to Jos. M. TRUMAN, Jr., Treasurer. a participation in profits, secured by their
717 Willow street, Philadelphia. labor, and letting the bounty of Providence Phiadelphia, Third month 17tb, 1867.
flow out into every channel of beneficence which opens before and around them.
Much interest and concern being felt in MEETINGS FOR READING AND CONVERSATION. regard to the evils of extravagance, especially
The Meeting at Race Street Monthly Meet in its effect on the training of the young, the ing-house on the 27th ultimo was opened by subject was continued for further cousideration reading a portion of the 12th chapter of Luke, at our next meeting. after which, by the reading of the minutes of The meeting on the 13th instant was devoted the preceding meeting, and a portion of the to the consideration of the subject of moderation Discipline under the head of Conduct and as continued from our last. An original essay Conversatiun,” the subject of our testimony to was read and will be found at the conclusion of moderation was introduced. The clauses of these extracts. Discipline, adopted at different periods since The excellent paragraphs of our discipline 1697, showed å marked improvement in so under the head of Plainness, being also read, ciety, several of the ancient rules and advices their salutary counsel was acknowledged by all. having become obsolete in the progress of The testimony of our Society to simplicity of civilization.
language and apparel is too important to be In view of the inequalities of meads exist. sacrificed to the caprice of fashion ; but on the ing among us, a considerable field for friendly appeal being made, how far the discipline offi es may be found within the pale of the should be construed to impose uniformity in society. A timely loan, on generous terms, to dress, the view prevailed that while in special those struggling into business, will often be instances conscientious cou victions imperatively blessed, while we may so arrange our pur-require the adoption of the peculiarities which chases as to aid and epcourage such. Çbappels formerly so generally distinguished Frieuds,