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regulated quietude of utterance, went on, and laught he knows may be light from heaven, and they could but sit down again. Again and everything seemed wrapped in bideous unceragain, from different parts of the room, a man taioty, I know but one way in which a man would suddenly spring to his feet and half begin may come forth from his agony acathless; it is to speak, and then, as if ashamed or awed, sub- by holding fast to those things which are cerside. There were murmurs, passionate shuffling tain still, the grand, simple landmarks of of feet, a sort of electricity of excitement, wbich morality. In the darkest hour through which the communicated itself from the excited men to human soul cad pass, whatever else is doubtful, every one in the room. At last, when he said, this at least is certain. If there be no God, • You have heard of a place called Coward's and no future state, yet even then, it is better Castle,-Coward's Castle is that pulpit or plat. to be generous than selfisb, better to be chaste form, from which a man, surrounded by his than licentious, better to be true than false, betfriends, in the absence of his opponents, secure ter to be brave than a coward. Blessed beyond of applause, and safe from a reply, denounces all earthly blessedness is the man who, in the those who differ from him,' there was a dead tempestuous darkness of the soul, has dared to stilloess. He had struck the thought of the bold fast to these venerable landmarks. Thrice turbulent,--the very point on wbich, in refer- blessed is he who,-when all is drear and cheerence to the address, they bad enlarged; and less within and without, when his teachers from that moment there was not a word, terrify him, and his friends shrink from him,scarcely a cheer, till the last sentence was gived. has obstinately clung to moral good. Thrice It seemed, said one of them, and what he said blessed, because his night shall pass into clear, was confirmed by others, as if every man in the bright day. room were thrilling with the same feelings, as I appeal to the recollection of any man who if a magnetic power flowing from the speaker has passed tbrough that hour of agony, and bad united them all to himself, and in him to stood upon the rock at last, the surges stilled beone another. The address was the most re- low him, and the last cloud drifted from the markable of all his speeches for eloquence, if sky above, with a faith, and bope, and trust no eloquence be defined as the power of subjugat- longer traditiooal, but of his own,-a trust ing med by bold and persuasive words. It was which neither earth por hell shall shake thenceremarkable for two other reasons, which may forth forever." not occur to the ordinary reader. First, iu it “The result of the address on the members he revealed much of his inner life and charac of the Institute was more successful than be had ter. He was forced by the circumstances under expected. Some of the sceptical minority were which he made the address to speak of himself. convinced that they were wrong; the rest The personal explanations into wbich he entered separated in a body, and, carrying off with them were an overt self-revelation. But there was a large portion of the library and property, esone passage in the address in which, without tablished a new society, which did not long the knowledge of his hearers, he disclosed the exist. The majority, along with some waverers, history of the most momentous period of his who were confirmed into truer views of social life.”
questions, combined to carry out the views of He said, “ It is an awful moment when the Mr. Robertson. The first thing done was to soul begins to fiod that the props on which it rescind the old rule that no gentlemen were to has blindly rested so long are, many of them, be admitted to vote or act on the committee, rotten, and begins to suspect them all; when it and to reconstruct the association on this begins to feel the nothingness of many of the amended footing; the second was to ask Mr. traditionary opinions which have been received Robertson to be their new President.” with implicit confidence, and in that horrible He declined their proposition, but did not insecurity begins also to doubt whether there be abate his interest in their institution, wbich, anything to believe at all. It is an awful bour, during the few years that he lived, continued - let him who has passed through it say how to work admirably. After the schism, its name awful,—when this life has lost its meaning, and was changed to Mechanics' lbstitute, which seems shrivelled into a span; when the grave was not satisfactory to Robertson. Being reappears to be the end of all, human goodness quested to deliver lectures before it be returned nothing but a naine, and the sky above this the following answer: universe a dead expanse, black with the void « lo reply to your communication of the 21st, from which God bimself bas disappeared. In which I only had last night, after an absence that fearful loneliness of spirit, when those who from Brighton, I beg to say, that after much should have been his friends and counsellors psideration I have come to the conclusion only frown upon his misgivings, and profanely that it is my duty not to refuse the request bid him stifle doubts, which for aught he knows made to me. may arise from the fountain of truth itself; to I am very unfit at present for the excitement 'extinguish, as a glare from hell, that which for l of addressing numbers; but knowing that the ipsufficiency will be pardoned, and feeling deep reporter. Two letters which their author reinterest in the success of the workingmen, Iceived are worth publishing, for the remark and shall not allow this to stand in the way.
reply which were elicited from him. I was not aware that the name of the Tosti. The first was from Mr. Henry Drummond: tution was to be changed. Is not this virtually “DEAR SIR: I have received your essay acknowledging that the former attempt was a with many thanks. It appears to me that you failure, instead of the society being, as I believe are the only person who is grappling with the it is, the old one purified by experience? Not natural infidelity of minds educated in everykoowiog the reasons for the change, which per. thing except religion. ...: haps are valid, at first sight I am iuclined to On sending this letter to a frieod, Mr. Robregret it. There is much in pames, especially ertson wrote: when they are associated with recollections Mr. Drummond's letter is interesting, inaswhich can be appealed to, and when they ad- much as it exhibits a deeper perception of what here to a society througb many shocks and I was aiming at than I have yet seen in aay changes. Besides, 'Workingman' is a noble one. To produce a belief in the realty of the title for any human beiog: a human being's invisible Truth and Beauty, is the chief end of right title. Mecbanic' is a poor class title, my insignificant work here.'”. like Agriculturist, Botanist, Sailor, &c., &c. The second letter was from Lord Carlisle, Besides, it is not true as a designation for your who commended “the high ability, and the society; a schoolmaster is not a mechanic, uor generous and delicate feeling evinced by the a retail dealer of any kind, yet many such are lectures." in the society. Ought you not, like good sol. It was the earnest desire and constant aim of diers in a great cause, to stand to your colors 2” Robertson to improve the condition of the
«In pursuance of this promise, the two pub-working classes, which he believed could only lished lectures on · The Influence of Poetry on be done by inducing them to accept and adhere the Working Classes,' were given in February, to the benign principles of Christianity. In 1852. They were delivered extempore, and one of his lectures on the Epistles to the Cor. before an audience of more than a thousand in inthians, he says: “ The spirit of Christ does number. The wonderful fluency, wedded to really what high breeding does outwardly. A impassioned feeling, which made them so tell high-bred man never forgets himself, controls ing in delivery, did not imperil their effect when his temper, does nothing in excess, is urbane, prioted, for they were as full of concentrated dignified, and that even to persons whom he is thought as if he had elaborately written them. inwardly cursing in his heart, or wishing far
These addresses were not resultless. The away. But a Christian is what the world seems to workingmen of Brighton, for the first time told be. Love gives him a delicate tact which never that Portry did not belong to one class alone, offends, because it is full of sympathy. It disbut to all who felt within them the common cerns far off what would hurt fastidious feel. passions of Humanity, at once assumed their ings, feels with others, and is ever on the watch right. The works of many of the poets were to anticipate their thoughts. And hence the added to their library. Their power of appre- ooly true deep refinement-hat which lies not ciating the highest poetry was believed in, and on the surface, but goes deep down into the then they believed in it themselves. They be character-comes from Christian love. came couscious of their powers. From the Life And bence, too, we understand what is meant of Christ Mr. Robertson had learned this great by elevating and refining the poorer classes. principle of education; to make men recognize My brethren, Christianity desires to make them their own spiritual capabilities by throwing all gentlemen. Do not be alarmed I for it is himself in trust upon those capabilities. In not in the world's sense of the word, nor in the these lectures he carried that principle into socialistic, but only in the Christian meaning, secular things. And the men were roused. that we would see them all refined. And asThey read the poets eagerly; sharp discussions suredly, if Christiao charity were universal, if arose among them on the comparative merits of every man were his brother's teacher, a rude Pope, and Walter Scott, and Tennyson. One clowo, or unmappered peasant, or coarse-mindpart of the lecturer's aim was thus attained. ed workman could not be met with. But these, The men employed in a dull mechanic round, you say, are only dreams, and that it is absurd or in coarse baod-labor, were led into a refined to expect or aim at the refinement of the work. and pure region both of intellect and feeliog. ing classes. Tell me, then, is it equally absurd They desired to find and to feel the beautiful. to expect that they may become Christians ? It was a step in their elevation.
And if they are Christians, can they be so far A more tangible result of tbe lectures was, unrefined? Only read this description of that they brought in sufficient money to make Christian charity, and conceive it as existing in the fortune of the Institute. They were at a peasant's breast. Could he be upcourteous, once published from the corrected notes of the rude, selfish, and inconsiderate of the feelings, opinions and thoughts of those around him ? | consists, not so much in outward observance • If he did not behave himself upseemly, if he and forms as in practical righteousness; and I suffered long and was kind, or was not easily way here confess that many times when I bave provoked, but bore all things quietly,' would heard ministers undertake to expound the he not be a gentleman in heart ?”
Scriptures, I thought they were too much out(To be continued.)
ward in the letter, aod not enough in the spirit,
which my Bible tells me gives life; aod I fre. EXTRACT. "I can with truth acknowledge, that no
quently felt that there was too much barreness
| in much that is called religion in this day. greater means of usefulness and happiness bave
While in this slate of feeling a peighbour infallen jo my way than our week.day meetings.
formed me that -
, a minister of These I have regularly attended, from my 17th
the 8 ciety of Friends, a stranger to me except year, to the present time. Deeply am I re
by reputation, had appointed a meeting as above sponsible for the refreshment and edification
stated. It struck me pleasantly, and I conwhich I have often derived from them. Their
cluded to try to divest myself of all prejudice quietness, the seriousness of those Friends who
and attend. When I arrived I fouod many of were in the regular habit of attending them, the
different denominations had conveped. The sweet feeling of unity in our worship, and the liveliness of the ministry sometimes uttered on
meeting was 80 different from those of other these occasions, are all hallowed in my mind
societies, that it seemed a little odd at first,
U being held jo profound silence; but wbile that and feelings; and were I asked what bas been!
prevailed, 'I found there was life to be felt, the happiest portion of my life, I believe I LA should not be far wrong in replying, the hours
even in quietness. After a while the minister
| arose, and simply repeated the following text: abstracted from the common business of the
See, (or behold) I have set before you this world, for the purpose of public worship. The la
day Life and Death." A text I had never sacrifice is greater than that which we have to make on the first day of the week, when all
heard any one before attempt to explain ; and
I listened with interest as well as anxiety, fear. business ceases; and the reward graciously be.
ling that it would end where it commenced, like stowed has been to me, and I believe to many
mapy efforts I have heard to explain texts which others, great in proportiod. May done of my
the preacher did not understand. But in this young friends and relations who belong to the
instance, I rejoice to say, the discourse was an Society ever throw themselves out of the way
ay instructive one to me. The preacher explained of so precious a privilege.”—J. J. Gurney.
clearly to my understanding the nature of Life
and Death, and in what they consisted ; that A LETTER TO D. OSBAND.
the death alluded to was not the death of the This letter was written several years ago, and body, for that in its creation was desixped to bas recently, through the agency of a Friend, return to its kindred elements after the soul been printod and circulated to a considerable had finished its probation. The death was that extent, but having been sent us for publication state of darkness and tbraldom which the soul in our paper, we deom it of sufficient interest
or immortal part of man is brought into by a
voluntary transgression of the spiritual law of to give it a place :
God; that the forbidden fruit was not an outWALWORTH, Sept. 10th, 1854. ward, visible, tangible fruit, of which the visiTo DURFEE OSBAND, Macedon Center, Wayne ble man might partake, for the outward man County, New York:
| acts only as it is acted upon; but the immortal DEAR BROTHER :-I, together with yourself or spiritual man odly was responsible, for it is in , and others, atteuded an appointed meeting on that God has written bis law; that the tree of
Sabbath afternoon, the 27th ult., at the Friends' Life is not an outward tree, but the Spirit of Meeting House at Macedon Center. And I God, which is the spiritual life of every pure • understand from others, as well as wbat I heard and redeemed soul. Childrın, he said, all
from your own lips, that you took exceptions to stood upon the same ground in a state of in noseveral poiots of doctrine in the sermon deliv-cence and purity, having no taint or stain of ered on the occasion. Having for some years spiritual sin upon them in consequence of been attached to the Methodist connection, I Adam's sin, or from any other source. Our claim some acquaintance, I trust, with the gen- souls never sinned in Adam, for they were uine spirit of Methodism, and my moral and never in him, and derived not by lineage, but religious bearing has never been called in ques-each soul is the immediate creation of God as tion by my brethren, or by others, to my knowl. at the beginning; that it is the part, and the edge; but notwithstanding my adherence to, only. part created after his own image; he and general approval of, the religious senti- breathes into it the breath of life, and it bements of my owo society, I am convinced that comes a living soul, responsible to its creator, genuine Christianity is a progressive work, and wben it arrives at a state in which it can understand that responsibility, clearly distinguish | sity of salvation through Christ; and that the between right and wrong, or bave a clear per ainder bad no power to redeem himself; that ception of the law of God; in order that all God would hear and answer all prayers that are things may go on in conformity to that law, in accordance with his will; that man must the natural man has to pass through a state of labor as the spirit of truth directs, wbich labor proving, which may be called regeneration ; was beautifully prefigured in the children of which in innocent persons consists in the sub-Israel gathering the food which God had pre. jugation of all the natural propensities and the pared for them. So labor was necessary in a patural will, which is necessary for the estab- spiritual sepse, and must ever be directed in lishment of peace, although there has been no regard to the end in view and blessing bestowed. sin. This, be said, was no doubt the regenera- | All would then have enough that so labored; tion alloded to by Jesus, “ Verily, I say unto he that improved his five talents would have you, that ye which have followed me, in the re- nothing 'bver, and he that improved his one generation, when the Son of Man shall sit in talent would have no lack. the throne of his glory," &c., Matt. 19 : 28. Time would fail me to give even a synopsis of
He said he received everything declared by that sermon, which occupied one hour and a Jesus as coming from the highest authority, for half of rapid delivery. I cannot even touch he had free access to the Fountain of Light upon all of the principal positions, much less and Life, for God was in him reconciling the give the elucidations and arguments adduced by world unto himself. But this regeneration, the speaker. although it might prove a great cross, was very But now, sir, let me tell you that I view that different from the regeneration necessary in sermon in a very different light from what you those who have been corrupted by sid.
appear to. Every subject treated upon was The former coosists in the subjugation of all settled to my entire satisfaction; and I thank the powers and will of man, brioging them God that I lived to hear what I heard that day. under the government of Christ in the soul; The speaker made no ostentatious display, but the latter in the fiery ordeal of cleansing the his whole soul appeared to be dipped into his sin-polluted soul, and subjecting all as above; subject, and the impression upon the audience innocent persons needed its restraining influ. was visible in their appearance. The sermon eace to favor the full establisbment of Christ's was done the less valuable to me because of the peaceable kingdom; and the guilty must be originality of its character. Had it been in the cleansed and purified before they can know the usual dull routine of preaching, I presume no truth to reign in them. It was clear that the fault would have been found with it. Had the Disciples could not have followed Jesus in apostle Paul preached in the same lifeless manthe regeneration unless he went before them. ner that the High Priests did, and preached It was a wapt of regeneration that made men their traditions as they did, they would not have warriors, and the fact that many professing persecuted him, and he would not have been Christians are warriors, was conclusive evidence an instrument in reforming either Jews or to him that they had not followed the Master Gentiles. If Jesus had taught for djctrines in regeneration, but are under the government the commandments of men as the Jews did, of the first nature, or natural man. The prac- they would not have crucified him. tice of war contravenes the example and pre-! You cannot be aware of my surprise, not to cepts of Jesus.
say regret, when I saw you at the close of the There were extensive professions of religion in funeral of Mr. Birdsall, call the attention of the the world, but if we might judge by the fruit, people on the platform, and endeavor to tell there is not a correspondence of practical right them of what you was pleased to call spurious eousness; no lack of theories and creeds, but a or unscriptural doctrine, delivered by Mr. great want of love and brotherly kindness to | - , at the house across the way, on Sabwards our fellowmen. It is useless to profess bath afternoon. It reminded me of the Jews to love God whom we have not seen, wben hatred watcbiog Jesus to trap him in his words. I is harbored to our brother whom we have seen. He fear there is something wrong in that mind that likened sioners to the Prodigal Son, who would is watching for evil; something radically receive a gracious welcome on their return to wrong, sir, when a can undertakes, in the abthe Father's house, where they would joy over sence of another, to speak of him to bis preone sipner that repenteth, more than over judice and to throw a dark shade over his repinety and pine just persons that need no religious character. Can you not see the exact pentance. He said the son that left not the prototype of such conduct in all the persecutors Fatber's house, represented those who contin- of which we have any account? Is such conued in a state of innocence and sioned not duct a characteristic of ancient Methodism? against God, therefore they were always with You chose that particular time because you him, and all he had was theirs.
thought you could there get the listening ears He bore an bumble testimony to the neces- l of those whom you knew were opposed to Mr. -; but I noticed one wbo listeped to you," it seemed to him tbat he heard a language a short time, and then shrewdly remarked, in saying, “You have not explained the pature and an undertone, “I know what the matter is : ground of temptation as I have been taught, or our craft is in danger.” If Mr. — , bad as people generally understand by the Scriptures, declared things, or bad explained Scripture but, said he, much that is said upon this subdifferently from what you had been taught, Iject in the Scriptures is in figurative language; would not Christian charity either prompted but the Apostle James, wbo was well acquainted you to have sought an interview with him at with our common nature, and what man has to some suitable time, or to have been a little contend with, also with the nature of the gosmore judicious in your conduct with regard topel, by experience, saw clearly the state of the the subject? Those who heard him could judge case, laid by all figure, and declared with befor themselves as well as you could judge for coming boldness, “Let no man when he is them, and those pot present might be improper- tempted say, I am tempted of God, for God ly biassed by your version. I was sorry to see cannot be tempted with evil, Deitber tempteih you thus engaged; it can serve do good end. he any man; but every man is tempted when Please remember the advice of Gamaliel. he is drawu away of his own lusts and enticed.
The Friend is personally a stranger to me, Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth but since I heard him, I have idquired concern-forth sin; and sip, wben it is finished, briogeth ing him, apd thus far I bave received from all forth death.'” Now, said be, can language be the same answer, and that is, “be practices found to convey to the understanding a clearer what he preaches,” (a jewel, sir, which I fear view of the source from whence temptation is not worn by all ministers). Just such a arises; we may all see it by carefully observing character as I expected to bear of him. Tbe what passes in our own minds; hence the peopen, free and fearless manner in which he excessity of being continually in a state of watchposed the traditions of men, and a barren pro-fulness and prayer. I sincerely regret for the fession of religion, was evidence to me that he good of mankind, that any, professing to be was an honest man. · May it not be wisdom to Christians, should so far mistake their calling let him alone, lest any should be found fight- as to neglect their own vineyards to labor in the ing against God. You took exception to what vineyards of others. How long will such a he said concerning the Scriptures. He said the course take to reform the world? You and I true guide to man was that of which the Serip- profess the same faith, and I hope that we may tures bore ample testimony; that light wbich at least be not found opposing the Truth, if we enlighteneth every man that cometh into the do not contribute much to promote it. Wbat world. The Scriptures were not that light, but I have stated as being a part of the Friend's pointed to it; he advised all to read the Scrip. discourse, is from pot a very tenacious memory, tures, for they directed to the light, the revela- and may not be strictly correct. I am aware of tion of God, upon which all must depend for the impossibility of doing a speaker justice direction in doing the work required of them. without giving all he said; and although he You appeared to be particularly alarmed at the “ followeth not with us,” my soul salutes bim suggestion that Jesus passed "in the regenera- as a brother in Christ, and I would say to bim : tion.” It was perhaps as new to me as apy one
Be thou like the noble ancientin that meeting, but instead of rejecting the Scorn the tbreat tbat bids thee fear: idea, I received it as a subject for future medi. Speak! no matter what betides thee; tation; and after mature reflection, I am con
Let them strike! but make them hear! vinced that it is a doctrine clearly deducible
Be thou like the first Apostles ; from Soripture, and correct in the sense in
Be thou like heroic Paul;
If a free thought seeks expression, which the Friend used it. Jesus said, “that
Speak it boldly! speak it all! which is born of the flesh is flesh ;" it is also
Face thine enemies, accusers; said that he was tempted in all points like as
Scorn the prison, rack or rod; we are,” which would have been utterly impos And if thou bas truth to utter, sible except he had nature just like ours,-then Speak! and leave tbe rest to God.” it was necessary that all in his human pature,
Yours, &c. as in ours, should be subjected to the will of his Heavenly Father. He was made of the seed of God knows what key in the human soul to David according to the flesh, and declared that touch in order to draw out its sweetest and he had overcome the world. This is the broad. most perfect harmonies. They may be the est sense in which the Friend used the term. minor strains of sadness and sorrow; they may
After the preacher sat down, I thought he be the loftier notes of joy and gladness; God had not explained the nature and ground of knows where the melodies of our nature are, temptation as I had been generally taught, or and what discipline will call them forth. Some as people generally understood from the Scrip. with plaintive songs must walk in lowly vales tures, when he immediately arose and said, that I all life's weary way; others in loftier hymns