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BY JOHN G. WHITTIER.

The white sun wades through mists on bigh, NEW SYSTEM OF REGISTRATION FOR LETTERS. A spectre in the sombre sky

In 1855 a system of sending registered letThe stars affright; Bat the sweet stars of cloudless gold,

ters through the mail was instituted by the Postla frayed and yellow petals hold

master-General, under an act of Congress passed Soft beams of light.

for that purpose. By this method persons regWere I a bird, my song should be,

istering letters were charged a small sum for Sweet flower, a psalm of praise to thee,

the additional care used in forwarding their In happy hours.

| letters. On reaching the office of delivery the There comes the bee, with breezy born, Forgetting all the burdens borne,

person to whom the letter was addressed was From other flowers.

required to give a receipt for the same. • But golden locks will turn to gray,

This

system secured a safe departure of letAnd petals fade though fair and gay;

ters from the office of deposit, and their delivery, This flower, alas !

on reaching the office of destination, to the Will lose the gold of which I boast,

person to whom they were adiressed; but it And like a pale and harmless ghost Flit o'er the grass.

did not provide for their safety between the

two points. The fact that the letter was regFrom the Atlantic Montbly for July.

istered was in itself a hint to dishonest clerks FREEDOM IN BRAZIL.

at intermediate stations that it was worth steal

ing; while if stolen the registry system failed With clearer light, Cross of the South, shine forth

to give the officers the means to trace the letter lg blae Brazilian skies; And thou, O river, cleaving half the earth

from office to office, or to detect the point at From supset to sunrise,

which it had been stolen. From the great mountains to the Atlantic waves On the first of the present month a new sys. Thy joy's long anthem pour.

tem was put in operation, which was designed Yet a few days (God make them less !) and slaves

to remedy this evil. Now, when a letter is deShall shame tby pride no more, No fettered feet thy shaded margins press ;

posited in a post-office for registration a receipt But all men sball walk free

is given by the postinaster or clerk. It is then Where thou, the high-priest of the wilderness, numbered, and the address recorded in a book Hast wedded sea to sea.

kept for that purpose. The letter is subseAnd thou great-hearted ruler, through whose mouth, quently placed in what is known as a “regisThe word of God is said

tered package envelope,” which is of large size, Once more, " Let tbere be light!"-Son of the South and made of stout, light colored Mapilla paper,

Lift up thy honored bead;
Wear unashamed a crown by thy desert

and marked so as to attract attention. The More than by birtb thy own,

name of the post-office to which it is to be sent Careless of watch and ward ; thou art begirt placed on it, together with the words, “regisBy grateful hearts alone.

tered package envelope," in large letters. This Tbe moated wall and battle-ship may fall, But safe shall justice prove,

package is made so large and conspicuous that Stronger than greaves of brass or iron mail any attempt to steal one would be almost eure The panoply of love.

to be detected. A “return receipt,” to be Crowned doubly by man's blessing and God's grace, signed by the person to whom it is addressed, Thy future is secure;

is attached to the letter before it is placed in Wbo frees a people makes his statue's place the package envelope. lo Time's Valhalla sure.

The package is then started on its journey, LO! from his Neva's banks the Scythian Czar Stretches to thee his band,

and whenever there shall be occasion to open Who with a pencil of the northern star

the mail bag in which it is carried, the postWrote Freedom on his land.

master or agent receiving the envelope is reAnd he whose grave is boly by our calm

quired to give a receipt for it to the person from And prairied Sangamon,

whom he receives it. At each office through From bis gaunt band sball drop the martyr's palm To greet thee with “ Well done!"

which the package passes, this system of regisAnd thou, O Earth, with smiles thy face make sweet,

tration is kept up, and on its arrival at the office And let thy wail be stilled,

of destination, the postmaster opens the regisTo hear the Muse of propbecy repeat

tered package envelope, and records the arrival Her promise half fulfilled.

of the letter. He also endorses one of the two The voice that spake at Nazareth speaks still,

post-bills which have been sent him by the No sound thereof bath died; Alike thy hope and Heaven's eternal will

same mail, which he returos to the postmaster Shall yet be satisfied.

at the mailing office On the delivery of the The years are slow, the vision tarrieth long, letter to the person to whom it is addressed, a And far the end may be ;

receipt is taken and placed on file, and the reBnt, one by one, the fiends of ancient wrong

ceipt” is signed. The latter is sent to the Go out and leave thee free.

mailing postmaster, who delivers it to the perThe ancients had a proverb : “ Lingua quo son by wbom the letter was deposited, thus as. vadis,”-tongue, where are you rupping to? suring him of its safe delivery.

At all large post offices one or more clerks are lished rules of ioternational morality is essential detailed to be present at the opening of every to the duty of every nation, and therefore of mail

. bag, whose duty it is to take charge of all every person in it who helps to make up the registered package envelopes until properly dis- nation, and whose voice and feeling form a part posed of and receipts received therefor. of what is called public opinion. Let not any

Whenever one of these packages is lost, which one pacify his conscience by the delusion that is very rarely, what is termed a “chaser” is he can do po barm if he takes no part, and sent after it; that is, a blank form is sent to the forms po opinion. Bad men need nothing more postmaster of the office from which the package to compass their ends, than that good men started, and after giving the address on the mis- should look on and do nothing. He is not a sing ducument, he sends it the official to whom good man who, without a protest, allows wrong he delivered the package. The latter after re- to be committed in his name, and with the ceiving the statement, sends it to the person to means which he belps to supply, because he will whom he delivered the package, and thus the pot trouble himself to use his mind on the sub"chaser" goes forward, until it catches up to ject. It depends on the habit of attending to the office where a mistake has occurred, and and looking into public transactions, and on the where the package is usually found to have been degree of information and solid judgment remisplaced.

specting them that exists in the community, The same precautions are taken by the Post- whether the conduct of a nation as a nation, office Department in sending postage-stamps both within itself and towards others, shall be and stamped envelopes to the various postmas- selfish, corrupt and tyrannical, or rational and ters throughout the country.

enlightened, just and noble. This system, in connection with the money Of these more advanced studies, only a small order department, is intended to give the public commencement can be made at schools and uniopportunities for sending money, bonds, or versities; but even this is of the highest value, other valuable documents, from one part of the by awakening an interest in the subjects, by country to another, without danger or loss. conquering the first difficulties, and inuring the But it is probable that most valuables will still mind to the kind of exertion which the studies be carried by the express companies, who are require, by implanting a desire to make further responsible for loss on the way.-4. Y. Evenng progress, and directiug the student to the best Post.

tracks and the best helps. So far as these

branches of knowledge have been acquired, we EXTRACTS FROM INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF have learnt, or been put into the way of learn. JOHN STUART MILL.

ing, our duty, and our work in life. Knowing (Concluded from page 286.)

it, however, is but half the work of education; To these studies I would add International Law; it still remains, that what we know, we sball be which I decidedly think should be taught in all willing and determined to put in practice. universities, and should form part of all liberal Nevertheless, to know the truth is already a education. The need of it is far from being great way towards disposing us to act upon it. limited to diplomatists and lawyers ; it extends What we see clearly and apprehend keenly, we to every citizen. What is called the Law of have a natural desire to act out. “To see the Nations is not properly law, but a part of ethics; best, and yet the worst pursue,” is a possible a set of moral rules, accepted as authoritative by but not a common state of mind; those who fol. civilized states. It is true that these rules low the wrong have generally first taken care to neither are nor ought to be of eternal obligation, be voluntarily ignorant of the right. They but do and must vary more or less from age to have silenced their conscience, but they are not age, as the consciences of nations become more knowingly disobeying it. If you take an averenlightened and the exigencies of political age human mind while still young, before the society undergo change. But the rules mostly objects it has chosen in life have given it a turn were at their origin, and still are, an application in any bad direction, you will generally find it of the maxims of honesty and humanity to the desiring what is good, right, and for the benefit intercourse of states. They were introduced by of all; and if that season is properly used to the moral sentiments of mankind, or by their implant the knowledge and give the training sense of the general interest, to mitigate the which shall render rectitude of judgment more crimes and suiferings of a state of war, and to babitual than sophistry, a serious barrier will restrain governments and nations from unjust have been erected against the inroads of selfishor dishonest conduct towards one another in ness and falsebood. Still, it is a very imperfect time of peace. Since every country stands in education which trains the intelligence only, numerous and various relations with the other but got the will. No one can dispense with an countries of the world, and many, our own education direoted expressly to the moral as well among the number, exercise actual authority as the intellectual part of his being. Such edu. over some of these, a knowledge of the estab. Ication, so far as it is direct, is either woral or

-

religious ; and these may either be treated as the Epicurean, the Stoic, the Judiac, the Chrisdistinct, or as different aspects of the same tian in the various modes of its interpretation, thing. The subject we are now considering is which differ almost as much from one another not educatiou as a whole, but scholastic edu- as the teachings of these earlier schools. He cation, and we must keep in view the inevitable should be made familiar with the different limitations of what schools and universities can standards of right and wrong which have been do. It is beyond their power to educate morally taken as the basis of ethics ; general utility, or religiously. Moral and religious education con- natural justice, natural rights, a moral sense, sist in training the feelings and the daily babits; i principles of practical reason, and the rest. and these are, in the main, beyond the sphere Among all these, it is not so much the teacher's and inaccessible to the control of public edu- business to take a side, and fight stoutly for cation. It is the home, the family, which gives some one against the rest, as it is to direct them us the moral or religious education we really all towards the establishment and preservation receive; and this is completed, and modified, of the rules of conduct most advantageous to sometimes for the better, often for the worse, by mankind. There is not one of these systems society, and the opinions and feelings with which has not its good side; not one from which which we are there surrounded. The moral or there is not something to be learnt by the votaries religious influence which an university can ex- of the others; not one which is not suggested ercise, consists less in any express teaching, by a keen, though it may not always be a clear than in the pervading tone of the place. What perception of some important truths, which are ever it teaches, it should teach as penetrated the prop of the system, and the neglect or unby a sense of duty; it should present all know dervaluing of which in other systems is their ledge as chiefly a means to worthiness of life characteristic infirmity. A system which may given for the double purpose of making each of be as a whole erroneous, is still valuable, until us practically useful to his fellow creatures, and it has forced upon mankind a sufficient atten. of elevating the character of the species itself; tion to the portion of truth which suggested it. esalting and dignifying our nature. There is The ethical teacher does his part best, when he nothing which spreads more contagiously from points out how each system may be strengthened teacher to pupil than elevation of sentiment; even on its own basis, by taking into more comoftes and often have students caught from the plete account the truths which other systems living influence of a professor, a contempt for have realized more fully and made more promimean and selfish objects, and a noble ambition nent. I do not mean that he should encourage to leave the world better than they found it, an essentially sceptical electicism. While placing wbich they have carried with them throughout every system in the best aspect it admits of, and life. In these respects, teachers of every kind endeavoring to draw from all of them the most have natural and peculiar means of doing with salutary consequences compatible with their effect, what every one who mixes with his fel- nature, I would by no means debar him from low. beings, or addresses himself to them in any eafurcing by his best arguments his own precharacter, should feel bound to do to the extent | ference for some one of the number. They canof his capacity and opportunities. What is not be all true; though those which are false special to an university on these subjects belongs as theories may contain particular truths, indischiefly, like the rest of its work, to the intel pensable to the completeness of the true theory. lectual department. An university exists for But on this subject, even more than on any of the purpose of laying open to each succeeding those I have previously mentioned, it is not the generation, as far as the conditions of the case teacher's business to impose his own judgment, admit, the accumulated treasure of the thoughts but to inform and discipline that of bis pupil. of mankind. As an indispensable part of this, is has to make koowo to them what mankind at THE DOMINION OF CANADA may be regarded large, their own country, and the best and as fairly under way, though, from the grumbwisest individual men, have thought on the ling in Halifax and some other places, it is not great subjects of morals and religion. There as popular as it might be. This Dominion is should be, and there is in most universities, composed of the various British North Ameri. professorial instruction in moral philosophy; can possessions, and is divided into several but I could wish that this instruction were of a provinces. The province of Ontario bas an somewbat different type from what is ordinarily area of 121,260 square miles, with a population met with. I could wish that it were more ex of nearly 1,810,000. It contains Ottawa, the pository, less polemical, and above all less dog capital city of the new Dominion, and the more

The learner should be made acquainted important cities of Toronto, Hamilton, Kingwith the principal systems of moral philosophy ston and London. The province of Quebec has which have existed and been practically oper- an area of 210,000 square miles, and a populaative among mankind, and should hear what tion of about 1,300,000. The population of there is to be said for each : the Aristotelian, Montreal, the largest city of the Province as

watio.

&c.

SIXTH MONTH.

1866.

0 3

16

well as of the Dominion, is estimated at 130,-, the kindness of Dr. Conrad, of the Pennsylvania Hos. 000. New Brupswick contains within its boun- pital, wbo remarks : “This is the greatest amount of dary lines 27,000 square miles and 295,000 rain that has ever fallen in June, exceeding by three

incbes that of 1855, when nearly eigbt inches fell. persons. Nova Scotia has 16,000 square miles, On the 16th, 17th and 18th of the month the present and a population of something over 368,000. year the unusual quantity of 6.93 inches fell, 3.50 of The area of the Dominion of Canada amounts which descended between 2} and ? A. M. of the in round pumbers to 376,000 square miles. 17th, wbile 5.38 inches of it fell during twelve conThe total population is variously estimated at

secutive hours, and the wbole quantity (nearly

seven inches) was not more than twenty-four hours in from 3,700,000 to 3,800,000. Newfoundland

falling!

J. M. Ellis. and Prince Edward's Island are not included Philadelphia, 7th month 2d, 1867. in tbis calculation, and their population and area may be estimated as follows: Newfound. Too LATE REGRETS.—The moment a friend, Jand, 40,200 square miles of area, and 135,000 or even a mere acquaintance, is dead, how surely persons; Hrince Edward's Island, 2100

square

there starts up before us each iustance of unmiles and 92,000 inhabitants, which brings the kiodocss of which we have been guilty towards total population of the British American Prov- him. In fact, many and many an act or word inces to about 4,000,000, with a total area of which, wbile he was in life, did not seem to us nearly 419,000 square miles. In the Dominion to be unkind at all, now "bites back” as if it there are sixteen railways, extending 2138 were a serpent and shows us what it really was. miles, that cost $133,360,00.-Ledger.

Alas! 'twas thus we caused him to suffer who

now is dust, and yet then we did not pity or reFor Friends' Intelligencer.

proach ourselves. There is always a bitterness REVIEW OF THE WEATHER,

beyond that of death in the dying of a fellow

creature to whom we have been unjust or un1867.

kind. Rain during some portion of the 24 hours,

11 days.

If you depend for water on a pond that is

5 days. Rain all or nearly all day,...

7

only filled by thunder storms, you will often Cloudy, without storm8.......

6 want water ; but if you have a conduit that Clear,as ordinarily accepted

12 brings in water from a deep and ever flowing

fountain, you never want. Human feeliogs and

excitement, and emotions created by appeals to 30

our feelings, may produce a temporary action,

but it is only the soul which is actually "joined TEMPERATURE, RAIN,

to the Lord” by a true and living faith that 1866. 1867.

never wants strength, because Christ, who sup

plies that strength, can never fail.
Mean temperature of 6th
month per Penna. Hospital, 73.00 deg. 72.19 deg.

ITEMS.
Highest do. during month 95.00 88.50
Lowest do.
do. do. 57.00 153.00

The unfortunate Arch-Duke Maximilian, of Aus. · Rain during the month,...... 2.96 in. 11.02 in.

tria, was condemned and shot on the 19th ult. It is Deaths during the month,

thought that Juarez would have spared the life of being for 5 current weeks

bis captured enemy if it bad been possible; but the for each year..............

1419 1197

pressure of opinion was too strong for him success. fully to oppose it, and a determined effort to save

Maximilian would probably bave cost bim his own Average of the mean temperature of 6th

position. month for the past seventy-seven years 71.57 deg.

DR. LIVINGSTONE.-The latest information concern. Aigbest mean of do. during that entire

ing Dr. Livingstone seems again to confirm the news

of bis death. period, 1828–1831.........

177.00 Lowest do. do. do.

181664.00

The great Exposition bas reached its climax in the distribution of prizes by the Emperor Napoleon, on the 1st inst. For once in the history of the world,

the Crescent and the Cross were opit-d in public 1866. 1867.

ceremony—the Sultan of Turkey participating with First month

3.14 inch 1.70 inch. the Emperor and Empress of France in the pageant. Second month....

30

DEATHS,

&c.

COMPARISON OF RAIN.

6.61
2.89

SUBMARINE PAOTOGRAPHY.-M. Brzin illuminates Third month.....

2.15
5.46

the bottom of the sea by means of electric light, for Fourth month..........

2.93

1.31 Fifth month...........

the purpose of discovering the position of sunken 4.68

vessels, etc. His photographic studio consists of a Sixth month......

2.96
11.024

strong iron box, braced transversely, and admitting

the light through lens-shaped water-tight windows; Totals .........

30.20

and be can remain in it witbout inconvenience for We have nothing special to remark as to the tem- about ten minutes. He bas, it is said, produced perature of the month uoder review, it varying but sharp and well defined photographs, suited to render little from that of last year or from the general aver- easy the recovery of objects sunk to considerable age, but about the quantity of rain some facts of in-deptbs, and has already worked at depths approacb. terest may be stated for which we are indebted to ling three bundred feet.-- Builder.

7.32

22.47 "

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"TAKS FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LRT ABB NOT 60; KEEP HER; TOB SHE IS THY LIFE.”

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 20, 1867.

No. 20.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONTENTS.

Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson....... 306 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS Letter to D. Osband .....

308 MADS TO True Inspiration...

311 EMMOR COMLY, AGENT, EDITORIAL

312 At Pablication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Stroot, Open from 9 A.V. until 5 P.M.

OBITUARY

312 On Setenth-days, until 3 P.M.

Extracts from the Proceedings of Londɔn and Dublin Yearly TERM 8:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE

Meetings...

313 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per mapam. $2.50 for Clubs; or, fonr copies for $10.

" Situations Wanted".

315 Agents for Clubs will be expeoted to pay for the entire Club.

POETRY.........

316 The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where It is rec-ived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. The Ascent of Mout Blanc, in the Summer of 1866, by a AGENTS - Joseph S. Cobu, New York.

Philadelphian...

316 llenry llaydock, Brooklyn, N. Y. Benj Stratton, Richmond, Ind. Death of Thomas H. Leggett..

820 William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind. James Baynes, Bailimore, Md.

BY S. M. JANNBY.

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OF Radicalism became triumphant; but now RadiF. W. ROBERTSON.

calism is to Socialism wbat Toryism was to

Radicalism,-a kind of feeble aristocracy which (Continued from page 292.)

can scarcely show its head, so completely is it The Workingmen's Institute, which Robert- put down by the ultra-socialism of Louis Blano's son was one of the chief instruments in estab-school.” lishing, was, after two years' successful opera. A few days afterwards he writes again : tion, placed in jeopardy by a proposition, urged "I have been all the morning interrupted by by inany, to admit into its library sceptical or deliberations respecting the affairs of the Work. infidel publications. In the spring of 1850, ingmen's Institute, which is in terrible disorder. writiog to a friend, he says: “I did not attend Poor — is dead ! and there is no one to the meeting of the Workingmen's Association, stem the torrent of infidelity but myself. I am as I told you I had intended, and am almost going to make a desperate attempt in a public sorry I did not; but some of the committee address.” were afraid for me of violence and rudeness " His speech was long remembered for its from the Socialists, and thought, too, that even tact. The great room of the Town Hall was if I swayed the vote by a speech against the crowded to excess. Every class in Brighton infidel publications, they would only say that was represented in the audience. All the it had been done by the influence of priestcraft

. workingmen of the Institute were there. The On this consideration I left them to fight the large minority of sceptical socialists had come battle for themselves, and I sincerely hope that determined to make a disturbance,-to boot they bave got a signal victory... But I find by him down. They had dispersed themselves in inquiry that Socialism has made terrible strides parties throughout the room. He began very in England: Louis Blanc's views are progress- quietly, with a slow, distinct, and self-restrained ing swiftly. They say we must get rid of the utterance. He explained the reasons of the superstitious notion of ao invisible God. Till meeting. When he spoke of himself as the that is done, nothing can be effected. And person who had summoved them, -as one who then, of course, Communism and a scramble was there to oppose the introduction of the infor property ensue.

fidel books, knots of men started up to interA strong radical told me that he can remem- rupt him; a few hisses and groads were heard; ber the time when Toryism was in the ascend- but the undaunted bearing of the man, the calm ant in public meetings here, and the Radicals Foice and musical flow of pauseless speech, only just able to make head against it. Then 'powerful to check upregulated violence by its.

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