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hearty, manly English reverence and love which THE MINISTRY OF THE SENSES AND APPETITES the workingmen show towards those who love
TO HUMAN CULTURE. and serve them truly, and save them from
BY O. DEWEY. themselves and from doing wrong. See how
(Continued from page 243.) David's feelings gush forth (v. 33)— Blessed But admitting that the appetites have their be the Lord God of Israel which sent thee uses which is the first position I take-it is this day to meet me; and blessed be thy ad said, nevertheless, that they have bad tendenvice, and blessed be thou which has kept me cies, tendencies to excess, to vice, to ruin. On this day from coming to shed blood, and from this point, there is, in the second place, a most avenging myself with mine own hand. The rich important distinction to be made; and that is, and the great may have that love, if they will. between appetite in its simple, natural state, and
To conclude. Doubtless, David was wrong; appetite in its artificial and unnatural state; a he had no right even to redress wrongs thus. state brought on by voluntary habit and cor: Patience was his divine appointed duty; and, rupting imagination and mental destitution; for doubtless, in such circumstances we should be which man's will is responsible, and not his very ready to preach submission, and to blame constitution. Look then at simple, unsophisti, David. Alas! we the clergy of the Church of cated, unperverted appetite. Is the draught of England, have been only too ready to do this : intemperance, or the surfeit of gluttony, nat. for three long centuries we have taught sub-urally agreeable ? Far otherwise. Moreover, mission to the powers that be, as if that were all those stimulant and narcotic substances and the only text in Scripture bearing on the rela- those rich condiments, of which excess makes tions between the ruler and the ruled. Rarely its principal use, are naturally distasteful and have we dared to demand of the powers that be, disgusting in the highest degree. I do not justice of the wealthy man, and of the titled, say that even they were created in vain, or must duties. We have produced folios of slavish necessarily be injurious; for everything is good fattery upon the Divine Right of Power. in its place and degree-even poison is so; but Shame on 'us! we have not denounced the I say that there is no natural demand for these wrongs done to weakness : and yet, for one text strong stimulants. On the contrary, fever in in the Bible which requires submission and pa- the veins, poison in the blood, sickness, nausea, tience from the poor, you will find a hundred are remonstrances of simple appetite, remon. which denounce the vices of the rich ;--in the strances of nature against them. And show writings of the noble old Jewish prophets, that, me what diseased and vicious passion you will, and almost that only ;-that in the Old Testa. I and I will show you that it is the mind's guilt, ment, with a deep roll of words that sound like and not the body's defect; that it is not the Sivai thunders; and that in the New Testa-passion let alone, still less duly controlled by ment, in words less impassioned and more the higher nature. It is not nature, but bad calmly terrible from the apostles and their example or companionship, that leads to evil, Master:-and woe to us, in the great day of It is imagination that nurses passion into crimi. God, if we have been the sycophants of the Dal desire. There is a natural modesty which rich, instead of the Redressers of the poor unhallowed license always has to overcome. man's wrongs :-Woe to us if we have been tù- Let no man lay that flattering unction to his toring David into fespect to his superior, Na- soul, that God has made him to love evilbal, and forgotten that David's cause, not Na- made vice and baseness to be naturally agreebal's, is the cause of God!”
able to him ; for it is not true! "
But these appetites, besides their general EXTRACT.
uses, and besides their natural innocence, seem The ministry of Friends affected me greatly, to me, in the third place, to bear a specific rem and was often a means of comfort and strength. lation to the mind. They are urgent teachers. I never suffered myself to criticise it, but acted They teach, first, moderation. They teach the on the uniform principle of endeavoring to ob- necessity of self-restraint, of self-denial. I tain from what I heard all the edification which have no doubt that a being not clothed with it afforded. This is a principle which I would flesh, a pure spiritual essence, would feel the warmly recommend to my young friends in the necessity of self-restraint. But if any physical present day; for nothing can be more mis. organization, belonging to an intellectual nature, chievous than for learners to turn teachers, and could be made to enforce this law, it appears to young hearers critics. I am persuaded that it me that it would be that of our human sepses is often the means of drying up the waters of and appetites. Because it is manifest that their life in the soul; and sure I am that an exact unrestrained indulgence works the direst ruin method of weighing words and balancing doc- to the whole nature. What! does this our sensitrines in what we hear is a miserable exchange tive frame teach lessons of evil, lessons of vice? for tenderness of spirit and for the dews of God and nature forbid ! Open, patent, and heaven."-J. J. Gurney.
Teverlasting fact teaches the very contrary. The woes of intemperance, gluttony, licentious. all the regions of existence, and never was ness, excess, are the very horrors and calamities abused, till I came in contact with you. I have of the world in every age. They are so horri- made a part of animal patures, that were innoble that we dare not describe them. Here, cent; I have lived in the beautiful forms of then, is “elder Scripture writ by God's own vegetable life; I have flowed in the streams and hand," written before ever voice was heard on sported in the air, all purity and freshness and Sinai or by the shores of Galilee, written all freedom; and never till I was subjected to over the human frame, and within every folded your influence, was I breathed upon by any bad leaf of that wonderful system. Yes, upon the spirit; never till then, was I tainted by the dis. ghastly form it was written, and upon the burn. eases of vice, or made a loathsome mass of sining cheek, and deep in the branching arteries, wrought corruption; never till then, was my and along the secret and invisible nerves is nature perverted from its uses, and made the it written. And sometimes you may read the instrument of evil.” writing by the literal, alcoholic fires, kindled But to speak most seriously : What a wonin the veins; which, with visible flame, burn derful, moral structure is our physical frame ! up the man; and sometimes by such haggard If a command to be pure were written, imlines of deformity as nothing but the worst pripted in visible letters, upon every limb and license of vice ever drew upon the human muscle, it could not be a clearer mandate, and frame. I once saw in Paris a collection of wax by no means so powerful. It was said to the figures taken from life, and designed to present mad and rebellious Saul, “ It is hard for thee such an illustration. I do not wish to speak of to kick against the thorns.” Such a message it, nor of the vice illustrated, nor of the night comes indeed from no open vision, but from mare horror felt by the beholder for hours his inmost frame, to every raging voluptuary. after it is seen. But it seemed to me that no Thorns and tortures does it shoot out against preaching on earth was ever like that silent him from every part. If, every time he in. gallery.
dulged in any excess, he was covered with net. You must have patience with me, my friends, tles and stings, the intimation would not be a for I must overthrow entirely, and utterly de- wbit more monitory than it is now. molish this plea of the senses for vice. My How different is it with the animal ! You argument for the ministry of the senses and ap- may feed him to repletion; you may fatten him petites, cannot stand at all, unless I do that. into a monster; and there is no disease, no sufThe truth is, the senses, fittest for virtue, hap-fering; there is only enjoyment; and so far as piest in innocence, are only capable of vice- he is destined for food, he is the more fitted for that is all, but no conceivable organization bis purpose. But if you do this to man, discould be surrounded with more tremendous ease and pain enter in at every pore. remonstrances against evil. So the mind is! The ancient philosophers, in their theories, capable of evil, and so is the mind, too, guarded. desecrated matter; the modern, and especially And it might as well be said that the mind se. the sensual school in France, have deified it. duces to ill, as that the body does—Day, I think, They boldly proclaimed-I speak of the French better—with far more reason. But because infidel philosophers of the latter part of the sensual aberration is more apparent, and the eighteenth century, they boldly proclaimed effects are more visible, therefore the world, matter to be the true divinity; the human with little insight as yet into the truth of things, frame, its altar; and the appetites, its priesthas agreed to charge this fact of temptation hood. Selfishness with them was the only moespecially upon the body. It would be coming tive; sensation, the only good ; and life a bownearer to the truth to say, that the mind is the ing down in worship to the appropriate divinity. real culprit.
But whoever tries that theory, will find that • What are the comparatively poor, puny, and matter is indeed a god, too powerful for him; innocent senses, but servants of the mind the fleshly altar will be burned up and destroyed compelled to do its bidding? I know it is a by the strange fire that is laid upon it; and the doctrine of old time, that the body does all the priests, the appetites, will perish in that profane mischief; that the body is the enemy of the ministration. The Government builds prisons mind, a clog, an encumbrance, a corrupter. for culprits, and protects the honest house. All The pbilosopher, Plotinus, affected to have for- men pronounce that to be a moral administragotten his birthplace and parentage, because, tion. But what if, when wrong was perpetratsays Porphyry," he was ashamed that his soul | ed in the honest house, and it had become the was in a body." He imagined that the mind babitation of the base and vile, it should, by had good cause to complain of the body. But some wonder-working intervention of the GovI believe it would not be difficult, and scarcely ernment, grow dark and desolate, and should fanciful, to set forth a counter plea. “I have gradually turn into a prison—the windows par. wandered” —might the substance of the body rowing year by year, and grated bars growing say to the mind—“I have wandered through lover them; the rooms, the ceilings, slowly darkeping; the aspects of cheerful and com- spoil it of its gladness, and send their victim to fortable abode gradually disappearing, and the grave at last, from a life which has been gloom and filth coming instead, and silence one long sigh. And all might have been prebroken only by the sobs and moans of prisoners, vented by one brisk daily walk in the open air. or the sadder sound of cursing or revelling? This subject-and I mean now this whole Such, mark it well! becomes the body, the subject of the right training and care of the more immediate house of life, to every aban- body-is one, I conceive, of unappreciated imdoned transgressor! Not alone the mount portance. Our physical nature is more than that burned with fire, utters the command. the theatre, more than the stage, it is the very ment of God; not alone the tabernacle of costume, the very drapery in which the mind Moses, covered with cloud and shaken with acts its part; and if it hangs loosely or awkthunder; but this cloud-tabernacle of life, wardly upon the actor, if it weighs him down as which God has erected for the spirit's dwelling, a burden, or entangles his step at every turn, and the electric nerves that dart sensation like the action, the great action of life must be lame lightning through it-all its wonders, all its and deficient. What that burden, that entanmysteries, all its veiled secrets, all its familiar glement is now; and what is the genuine vigor recesses, are full of urgent and momentous and health of a man ; what is the true, spiritual teaching.
ministry of the body to the soul, I am perBut there is something further to be ob- suaded, we do not yet know. served concerning this teaching; there is one
(To be continued.) respect in which it is yet more urgent. For it demands not only moderation and self-denial,
Despondency in God's service is sinful and but activity: it forbids not only excess, but in
unreasonable, for He is both able and ready to dolence. It demands of those that do not la
bestow upon bis servants any measure of strength bor, daily, out-of-door exercise-pot a lounge
and wisdom which their necessities may demand. in a carriage only, but a walk, or some bracing exercise in the open air-demands that, or says,
COMPANIONSHIP. pay for your neglect.” Some inuring, some
BY MARY G. CHANDLER. hardness-hardship if they please to call it
(Continued from page 247.) nature exacts even of the gentlest of its children. The Companionship of our fellow-beings is The world was not built to be a hothouse, but not confined to the living men and women a gymnasium rather. Voluptuous repose, luxu. around us, but comes to us through books, from rious protection, enervating food and modes of all nations and ages. Wise teachers stand ever life, are not the good condition, not the per- ready to instruct us, gentle moralists to console mitted resort, for our physical nature. Half of and strengthen us, poets to delight us. Scarce the physician's task with many, is to fight off a country village is so poor that there may not the effects of such abuses. The laws of the be found beneath its roofs the printed words of human constitution are moral laws; they ad- more great men than ever lived at any one pedress the conscience, the moral nature; they ex. riod of the earth's great history. act penalties for neglect. And doubtless the We are too apt to use books, as well as 80penalties are severe. That is not nature's ciety, merely for our amusement; to read the fault, but nature's excellence. Doubtless the books that chance to fall into our hands, or to penalties are severe. I am persuaded, indeed, associate with the persons we happen to meet that if they could be enumerated; if all the with, and not stop to ask ourselves if nothing languid and heavy pulses could be numbered ; better is within our reach. It may not be in if all the niseries of pervous and diseased sen- our power to associate with great living minds, sation could be defined ; if all that could be but the mental wealth of the past is within the described which surrounds us with wasted reach of all. We boast much that we are forms, or sequesters them in silent chambers, a reading people, but it may be well to inan aggregate of ills could be found which Iquire how intelligently we read. The cata. would match the statistics of pauperism, or of logues of books borrowed from our public intemperance itself. I believe there is less suf. libraries show, that, where the readers of fering among the idler and more luxurious works of amusement are counted by hun. . classes, from violent disorders, tban from those dreds, the readers of instructive books are num. chronic and nervous ailments, which do not bered by units. In conversation it is not unalways inflict acate pain, which do not alarm us common to hear persons expressing indifference for the patient--well if they did !--but which en- or dislike to whole classes of books,-to hear feeble the energies, destroy the elasticity of the Travels denounced as stupid, Biography as frame, undermine the very constitution of the tame, and History as heavy and dull. It does body; which depress the spirits, too, wear out not seem to occur to the mass of minds that the patience, sour the temper, cloud the vision any purpose beyond the amusement of the moof nature, disrobe society of its beauty and de- ment is to be thought of in reading, or that
any plan should be laid, or any principle adopt- through the streets, teaching them their first ed in the choice of books to be read.
| lessons in vulgar vanity. It is undoubtedly a great good that nearly A child may be educated at the best schools all our people are taught to read, but it is a without acquiring any taste for good literature. small fraction of the community that reads to The way a parent treats a child in relation to much good purpose. Children, so soon as they its books has far more influence in this respect have acquired the use of the alphabet, are in-than a teacher can possibly possess. A mother, undated with little juvenile stories, some of even if she is not an educated woman, can learn them good, but most of them silly, and many to read understandingly, and can teach her child vulgar. As they grow older, successions of simi- to read in the same way. She can talk to it lar works of fiction await them, until they ar- about its books, and awaken a desire in its mind rive at adolescence, when they are fully pre- to understand what it reads. Children are pared for all the wealth of folly, vulgarity, always curious in regard to the phenomena of falsehood, and wickedness that is bound up nature, and whether this curiosity lives or dies within the yellow covers of most of the cheap depends very much on the answers it receives novels that infest every highway of the nato its first questions. If the mother cannot antion. 10 .
! ! ! swer them herself, she can help the child to As you are jostled through the streets of find an answer somewhere else, and she should our populous cities, or take your seat in a beware how she deceives herself with the idea crowded railway-car, you are, perhaps, impress-that she has not time to attend to the moral and ed with the general air of rudeness that per intellectual wants of her child. She has no vades the scene,-a rudeness of a kind so new right to so immerse all her own mind in the to the world, that, no old word sufficing to de- cares of life that she cannot, while attending to scribe it, a new name has been coined, and them, talk rationally with her children. The the swaggering, careless, sensual looking beings, mothers who best fulfil their higber duties toreeking with the fumes of tobacco, that make wards their children are quite as often found up the masses of our moving population, are ad among those who are compelled to almost conequately described only by the word rowdy. As stant industry of the hands, as among those of yet po title has been found for the female of abundant leisure. There is nothing in the this class,-bold, dashing, loud.talking and handiwork of the house-keeper or the seamloud-laughing, ignorant, vain, and so coarse stress that need absorb all the mental attention ; that she supposes fine clothes and assuming and hers must be an ill. regulated mind that manners are all that is necessary to elevate her cannot ply the needle, or perform the more to the rank of a lady. Perbaps you wonder active duties of the household, and yet listen to how so numerous a race of these beings has the child as it reads its little books, and con. come to exist; but that boy at your elbow, verse with it about the moral lessons or the inbending under the weight of his literary burtellectual instruction they contain. The mother den, is a colporteur for converting the men and has it in her power to influence the mode in women of this "enlightened nation” to rowdyism, which the child makes companions of its books, Those books portray just such men and women more than any other person; and the character as you see before you, and tbat is why they are of its Companionship with them through life welcomed so warmly. A few cents will buy will generally depend in a great degree on the from that boy enough folly and impurity to tastes and habits acquired in childhood. gorge a human mind for a week, and possibly Many parents who guard their children with few among this throng often taste more whole-jealous care from the contamination of rude and some intellectual food.
vicious society among other children, allow It is probable that some of these persons are them to associate with ideal companions of a the children of intelligent and well-bred pa very degraded kind. The parent should check rents; but their fathers were engrossed in busi- the propensity, not only to read bad books, but ness, and their mothers in family cares, and also to read idle or foolish books, by exciting thought they had no time to form the moral the action of the mind towards something better. and intellectual tastes of the immortal minds Merely to deny improper books is not enough. eommitted to their charge. They fancied that, Something must be given in place of them, if they sent their children to good schools, and or the craving must continue, and the child will provided liberally for all their external wants, be very apt to gratify its appetite in secret. they had done enough. Ignorant nursery | Children are easily led to observe nature, ani. maids, perhaps, taught them morals and manners, mate or inanimate, with interest, and there are while the father toiled to accumulate the means many simple books illustrating the departments for supplying their external wants, and the of natural science which mothers could make mother hemmed ruffles and scalloped trimming, interesting to their children at the same time to make people say, “How sweetly those chil that they instructed themselves. Juvenile dren are dressed !” as the maid paraded them works on history abound, and through them the
child may be led, as intelligence expands, to other modes of teaching; and an intelligence seek more extended and thorough treatises ; common to all enables us to see the advantages and the sympathy of the mother should be
of truth over error. ready to help him on his way. It is mere self
Instead of the nonsensical though amusing deception in those mothers who deny their mental capacity, or their command of time, to aid jingle of Mother Goose's Melodies, let the lov. their children in their mental progress. It is ing mother, from her own store house, produce & moral want of their own, far more than every- a true story drawn from one of the grand dithing else, that causes them to shrink from visions into which the products of the earth this most important responsibility.
are divided. The clothing of the animals, the (To be continued.)
antlers of the deer, the tusks of the elephant, FRIENDS INTELLIGENOER. the art of the beaver, the antics of the monkey,
and the babits of many of the plants faPHILADELPHIA, SIXTH MONTH 29, 1867.
miliar to most, will be as entertaining in their EARLY HOME-CULTURE.—The proper train development to the mind of the uninitiated, ing of the youthful mind is a subject which must as the work of the Fairies drawn out in its wild continue to claim the serious attention of those fancies. The one will have furnished material impressed with the responsibility connected
for future use, while the other would sow per. with the care of children. None who have ob nicious weeds to be sooner or later eradicated. served the eagerness often manifested for The importance of a right cultivation of the knowledge even in very early life, by the never
literary tastes of children cannot be over-esti. wearying questioner, can, we think, regard with mated. At schools knowledge is acquired indifference the manner in which this want is
which is deemed essential, but if a judicious care to be met. That it has not at all times been is not extended by parents, there may be the recognized or fully appreciated, must have
luxuriant vine without putritious fruit. Many
Friends been because it has not received the considera
aware that the Association of tion its importance demands.
Friends of Philadelphia, within the past few We believe that not unfrequently the
years, has published several little books for the proper
Some evi. moulding of the character is too long deferred. purpose of aiding the good cause.
dences have been furnished that the labor has A mother oppressed with household cares, or with her attention otherwise engrossed, may seek to
not been in vain, but we could wish that there amuse her infant prattler with the highly col- was a more general appreciation of the works to
which allusion has been made. “The Scripored cuts which abound for the purpose, with
tural Watcbword” is a valuable book when out sufficiently regarding the reading matter of
viewed in connection with the need we have of the little book, whereby a'false idea or a taste for the upreal may be early and unintentionally mind to the unfailing Tountain of strength.
help amid the pressing cares of life, to turn the fostered. With a little more effort perhaps, but with much happier results, instruction
“Thoughts for Children” contains much that is might be combined with amusement, as has been suggestive for a wider range in the same direc
tion. amply proven by " Object Teaching."
The two little books of " Devotional Poetry” In every branch of knowledge this system have been compiled with care, and breathe the may be made available; and much that is not spirit of love and purity in an eminent degree. only interesting, but wonderful, both in the ani. If children were encouraged to commit some mal and vegetable kingdom, may be introduced of these selections to memory, we doubt not in a manner to be comprehended by very little
that in after years they would arise with the
odor of a grateful heart to refresh the rememchildren With the mind turned toward this brance of youthful days, when by kind parents kind of instruction, the means of imparting these children were taught to remember their it will be abundantly unfolded. If there be a Creator.
Other valuable books will be found in the hesitation in adopting it lest the tender and sensitive organization of the child should be in catalogue of the Association.* Among them
* As furnished by T. Ellwood Zell, Nos. 17 and 19 jured by premature thought or reflection, we south Sixth Street, and Emwor Comly, at the ofice of have need only to exercise a care in this as in Friends' Intelligencer.