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watch when the chain, that has so long held it, $1000 loaned on bond and mortgage or invested is suddenly detached, and, so to speak, he runs in public securities, and he will rarely want entirely down with a rapidity that startles all money thereafter : in fact, that $1000, invested and breaks the hearts of his parents. Bring him at seven per cent., will of itself make him rich up in the world in which he is to live. Warn before he is sixty. There is no rule more imhim of its vices and follies. During the period portant or wholesome for our boys than that when be is too young to choose his own associa- which teaches them to go through life receiving tions, choose them for him; as he matures, interest rather than paying it. Of the torments gradually put responsibility upon himself. By which afflict this mortal sphere, the first rank every possible tie bind him to yourself, his is held by Crime ; the second by Debt. home, the Church, and to God. Fortify him II. Acquire promptly and thoroughly some well with moral principles and wise instructions. useful calling. Some pursuits are more lucraHappy if he is early identified with the people tive, some more respectable, some more agreeof God. In such a case he can scarcely help able, than others; but a chimney-sweep's is far being the honor of your old age and a blessing better than pone at all. No matter how rich his to his race.

parents may be, a boy should learn a trade; DO

matter how poor he may be, a boy may learn ASPIRATIONS TO BE RICH.

some trade if he will. This city is full to-day of A youth writes us as follows—and his case is young (and old) men who have been clerks, like that of so many others that we treat it thus book keepers, porters, &c., &c., yet can find publicly, suppressing his name:

nothing to do, and are starving because their “ Dear Sır: I am a poor boy. I would like foolish parents did not give them trades. A to get rich. Now what shall I do? I would trade is an estate, and almost always a produclike to quit this section. I don't want to re- tive one. A good, efficient farm-laborer can main on my father's farm. Please give me the generally find paying work if he does not insist best advice you can, and oblige yours, G. G. s." in looking for it in a city where it cannot well be;

Answer. The aspiration to be rich—though while many a college graduate famishes beby no means the highest that can impel a ca- Leause nobody wants the only work he knows rcer-is, in our view, wholesome and laudable. how to do. Let nothing prevent your acquirThe youth who says, “Let me be rich any hou, ing skill in some branch of productive industry. and before all other considerations," is very III. Resolve not to be a rover. "A rolling likely to bring up in some State Prison, but he stone gathers no moss," but is constantly who consistently says, “Let me first be just, thumped and knocked, and often shivered to bopest, moral, diligent, useful; then rich," is pieces. If you are honest and industrious you on the right road. Every boy ought to aspire must be constantly making reputation, which, to be rich, provided he can be without unfaithful if you remain in one place, helps you along the Dess to social obligation or to moral principle. road to fortune. Even a hod carrier or street

But how sball he set about getting rich? We sweeper who has proved that his promise to would concisely say:

appear on a given day and hour, and go to work, 1. Firmly resolve never to owe a debt. It is may be trusted, has a property in the confi. the fundamental mistake of most boys to sup- dence thus created. If you canaot find your pose that they can get rich faster on money work where you now are, migrate ; but do it earded by otbers than on that earned respective once for all. When you have stuck your stake Is by themselves. If every youth of 18 to 25 stand by it! years were to day offered $10,000 for ten years' lV. Comprehend that there is work almost at seven per cent. interest, two-thirds of them everywhere for him who can do it. An Italian would eagerly accept it; when the probable named Bianconi settled in Ireland some sixty conseqnence is that three-fourths of them would years ago, and got very rich there by gradually die bankrupts and paupers. Boys do not need establishing lines of passonger conveyances all money half so much as they need to know how over that island. Almost any man would have to earn and save it. The boy who, at the close said that he who went to Ireland to make his of his first year of independence, has earned fortune must be mad. He who kaows how, and and saved $100, and invested or loaned it where will work, can get rich growing potatoes in it will pay him six or seven per cent., will al- New England, though he hasn't a five-cent most surely become rich if he lives; while he stamp to begin with. There is work that will who closes his first year of responsibility in debt, pay for a million more people on the soil of will probably live and die in debt. There is no Connecticut alone. There are millions of ungreater mistake made by our American youth productive acres within a day's ride of tbis city than that of choosing to pay interest rather that might be bought and rendered largely than receive it. Interest devours us while we fruitful at a clear profit of $100 or more per sleep; it absorbs our profits and aggravates our acre. A man in Niles, Mich., declined to go losses. Let a young man at twenty-five have gold-bunting in the Rocky Mountains because

there was more gold in Niles than he could get portant testimonies held by the Society of hold of. The reason was a good one, and it ap- Friends is brought more forcibly into view. plies almost everywhereIf you can find noth-We have been led to reflect upon this subject ing to do where you are, it is generally because

by the increase of crimes of various grades in you can do nothing.

V. Realize that he who earns six-pence per our midst. day more than he spends must get rich, while he In a collection of five or six hundred chil. who spends six pence more than he earns must dren at the House of Refuge, there is not one become poor. This is a very hackneyed truth

who is a member of the Society of Friends, but we shall never be done peeding its repetition. Hundreds of thousands are not only poor

and in the prisons, which are now uncomfortbut wretched to-day, simply because they fail to ably crowded with convicts, no Friend is found. comprehend or will not heed it. We Ameri. This speaks favorably for a community, the cans are not only an extravagant but an o-ten. morality of which is respected by all, while its tatious people. We habitually spend too much on our own stomachs and our neighbor's eyes. principles and testimonies are so little underWe are continually in hot water, not because stood by many. we cannot live in comfort on our means, but We are ready to believe that even some of because we persist in spending more than we

our own members do not duly value the hedge can afford. Our youth squander is which has surrounded them from early child. extra food and drinks, in frolic and dissipation, hood. That this bedye is occasionally broken which does them harm instead of good, the means which should be the nest egg of their fu- down or overleaped by the thoughtless is no ture competence. When cares and children proof of its weakness. The testimonies referred cluster about them, they grumble at their hard to, lead to the fulfilment of the first and sec. fortune ; forgetful that they wasted the years ond commandments, and an adherence to them and the means which might and should have saved them from present and future poverty.

produces the healthful condition of doing unto All these are very trite, homely truths. All others as we would they should do unto us. If our boys have heard them again and again ; this were our abiding place, the sufferings of but how many bave laid them to heart? We

one would meet with the sympathy of the assure G. G. S., and every other youth, that each may become rich if he will--that «'to be whole, and the bond of Christian brotherhood or not to be " rests entirely with himself; and would be strengthened by the exercise of those that his very first lesson is to distrust and shun virtues which expand our higber nature and by-paths and short cuts, and keep straight along increase heavenly treasure. the broad, obvious, beaten highway.-N. Y. Tribune.

The direful effects of the late war are seen

on every hand, teaching in their aspects the FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER.

"exceeding sinfulness of sin." A war-spirit

ever produces fruit after its kind, and this fruit PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 16, 1867. is scattered broadcast over the land, even after

a national To SUBSCRIBERS.-The agent of Friends'

peace may have been proclaimed. InIntelligencer would be obliged to subscribers to temperance, the habit of which, if not formed send their names and subscriptions as early as upon the battle-field, is greatly strengthened by possible. The names should be plainly written its depressing influences, perhaps is the most in full; the name of the Post-office giren, and prolific source of evil. The greater majority when a change of address is contemplated, the one of those who are now being committed to the

What a proposed and that before used should be plainly penitentiaries are returned soldiers. written. Persons getting up clubs sometimes comment upon the system which leads to such send a part of the club at one time and part at

fearful results ! Let not Friends falter in the another. Where it is possible, the agent would maintenance of the testimony against war in all like to receive the list entire. It would greatly

its phases. By nipping every germ of an lessen bis labor if names, addresses, accounts, aggressive disposition in ourselves, we shall be &c., were given explicitly and clearly.

prepared by precept and example to encourage

others to dwell in love, and instead of resistiog TESTIMONIES OF FRIENDS. It is by con- evil, to overcome evil with good. Were the trast that the preserving tendency of the im- people impressed with the necessity of uphold

'ng our testimony against the “ distillation and i Died, on the 1st of Twelfth month, 1866, at his sale of spirituous liquors, and the use thereof,

residence, Easton, Washington Co., N. Y., SMITA

se mereos, BORDEN, aged nearly 88 years; a member and elder as a driok," bow reformatory would be the of Easton Monthly Meeting. His consistent, exemmeasures, in these particulars ! Many homes

plary life no doubt largely contributed to preserve

his phyrical and mental powers in a remarkable de. that are now wretched and desolate would be gree to the last, and endcared his name and memory made com fortable and happy. By the removal to a large circle of friends and acquaintances, surof the cause of their trouble, not a few individ- ings. Having been so peculiarly blessed in the con

rounding his pathway with Heaven's choicest blessuals, instead of being a burden to society, might ljugal relation as to be permitted to live with the assume the dignity of manhood and become diminished affection for more than threescore years.

chosen companion of bis youth in unbroken and unuseful members of it. And again, by the The testimony borne at the funeral by one wbo bad

known him long and well was especially appropriate observance of the testimony against lotteries of Observance of the testimony agarost lotteries of "Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright, any kind, the temptation would be lessened to for the end of that man is peace.” encourage the widespread evil, which is assum

on tbe 27th of Twelfth month, 1866, Thomas

Lewis, aged 77 years; a member of Plainfield Monthing gigantic power in the insidious form of bely Meeting, Belmont Co., 0. nevolent projects. We have observed with

on the 28th of First month, at Normal,

near Bloomington, McLean Co., 11., RACHEL, relict ot gratification the efforts of a few influential per- tbe late William Brown, of Tazewell Co., Ill., forsons, not members of our Society, to check merly of Lancaster County, Pa., in ber 81st year.

- , on the 21st of Second month, 1867, at tbe these fraudulent measures, and we would affec

anec- residence of his parents, Emily and Josiah Wrigbt, tionately urge Friends to be watchful, and to near Spring boro, 0, EDWARD Wright, in the 18th inviolate the testimony against hot year of bis age.

on the evening of First month 25th, 1867, in teries of any kind.

Ledyard, Cayuga Co., N. Y., CORNELIUS WEEKS, aged 89 years, 9 months and 25 days. For more than a

balf century friend Weeks was a resident of the old UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE.—The result of the towu of Scipio. He

towu of Scipio. He was for many years a higbly

esteemed member of the Society of Friends. For infirst experiment of Universal Suffrage, which

dustry and integrity be stood pre-eminent. Faithful occurred in Alexandria, Va., on the 5th inst., in the performance of every duty wbich devolved as reported by the press, has been satisfactory,

upon him, his life was an excellent model for others

| to imitate. Strictly temperate in his habits, he was and we are highly gratified that those to whom remarkably exempt, even in his latter years, from has been awarded a right so long unjustly with

disease and the infirmities of age. Gradually and

calmly, peacefully and resignedly, he yielded up his held exercised it in a becomiog mapper. We breath. His work was well done ; and bis memory bope that the friends of this class will continue

will be fondly revered and cherished by those who

knew bim best. to impress their minds with the importance of

- , on the 29th of Eleventh month, 1866, at her their position as citizens of the United States. residence in Ledyard, Cayuga Co., N. Y., Mary, wife Many of them appear to appreciate their situa

of Benjamin Batty, in the 720 year of her age; a

worthy elder of Scipio Monthly Meeting, N. Y. tion, and feel that it is necessary, in order for a

on the 28th of Second month, 1867, in Philaproper elevation, that the people of color should delphia, Martha Dickinson, in her 83d year. be circumspect in all their movements. Wel on Second day, the 4th of Tbird montb,

MARLON Betts, in his 720 year; a member of Wilwant them encouraged to perform faithfully | mington Montbly Meeting, Del. their part, so that they may possess and enjoy , on the 6th of Third month, Henry Bartram, all the rights and privileges which pertain to

son of Charles K. and Annie B. Gano, and grandson

of Henry W. Bartram, of Wilmington, Del., aged 11 our Republic. The municipal authorities of months. the city of Alexandria are disposed to contest , on the 5th of Third month, in Ridley Townthe election, as a military goveroor bad not

sbip, Delaware Co., Pa., Jacob Parry, aged 72 years.

-, on Sixth-day, the 8th of Third month, at been appointed previously to it; but under the Germantown, Pa., Raouel H., widow of Wm. Jones, reconstruction bill, the right of the colored

late of Gulf Mills, Montgomery Co., Pa., in her 74th

year; a member of the Monthly Meeting of Friends man to the elective franchise is only a matter of Pbiladelphia.

on the 10th of Third montb, Joshua LongSTRETH, son of the late Richard Price, of Philadel.

phia, in his 47th year. MARRIED, on the 7th of Second month, at the house of the bride's father, in Chester Township, Friends' Fuel Association for the Poor will meet Delaware County, Pa., nnder the care of Chester this (Seventh-day) evening, Tbird month 16tb, at 4 Monthly Meeting, JAMES F. LEYS, of Philadelphia, to o'clock, at Race St. Monthly Meeting Room. RACHEL P. WEST.

Jos. M. TRUMAN, Clerk.

of time.

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the diffusion of knowledge among men and The address of Superintendents of "First-day women

women, and be preceded by the spread of more Scbools" amongst Friends (particularly within the enlightened views in the community. Of compass of Philadelphia Yenrly Meeting) is request-course this growing illumination comes up ed. Address “ First-day School," care of 144 N. largely from improvements in the schools; the 7th St., Philada.

action is reciprocal. But it is impossible to Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of

raise school instruction to its proper standard the Freedmen will meet at Green St. Meeting-House. I until the community becomes aware of what is on Fourth-day evening, Third month 20th, promptly really included in the vast idea. at 8 o'clock. All interested are invited.

The lecturer assumed that the true idea of J. M. ELLIS, L ande education was now, admitted, at least in ANNE COOPER,

theory : Damely, that it consists in the full deThe Executive Committee of "Friends' Publica-velopment of each power of our pature, action Association "will meet at Race Street Monthly cording to the constitution impressed on it by Meeting Room, on Sixth-day afternoon, Third month the Maker's hand, and with the object of ena. 22d. LYDIA H. HALL,

bling each to fulfil His design in so constituting Clerk of Committee.


In applying this idea to the present subject, FRIENDS' SOCIAL LYCEUM.

two inquiries presented: What the young being Abstract of a Lecture on " The Education of lis? And what we want to make of her?

Girls," delivered on the 12th of Second The solution of these two questions must month, 1857, by Wm. Henry Farquhar. be sought in two ways; one being the histo

After some prefatory remarks upon the rical, the other the scientific method. Great object of lectures, urging the duty of expres- difficuliies arise in exploring the former way. sing, in simple phrase, the carnest convictions There is no comprehensive history of womanwhich have taken root in the speaker's mind it is yet to be written. We have biographies, from the experience and reflection of his own more or less reliable, of remarkable specimens life, the lecturer went on to state-that in of the sex, in various ages of the world, but taking for his subject “ The Education of Girls," these indiridual histories serve to bewilder as it was vot proposed to keep his audience in the much as to enlighten us. Semiramis, Cleopaschool-room. Although that was the place tra and Elizabeth, Deborah, Jeanne d'Arc, and where the greater part of his active life had Pocahontas, possess such exceptional characters, been spent, he was never able to feel, while at that the accounts we have of their lives give work there, that they were realizing the true us very little insight into the real condition of idea of education. The plan pursued, which the sex, in their respective eras, or into the included the ordinary elementary, scientific, gradations by which this half of the race has and linguistic instruction, always seemed to be ascended from its original inferior position. extremely imperfect. There was so much left | Yet, that progressive elevation, that everout, which the nature of the subject was felt to changing and steadily rising position of onerequire, that an abiding impression of dissat- balf of the human race, in its relation to the isfaction, a want of something broader, deeper, other half, is the most remarkable fact in hisand better, was continually experienced. tory.

Adam Smith (an authority always worth lis. After relating some familiar facts, showing tening to) tells us that “it is a law of educa- the degraded condition of the female sex in tional progress,—that its impulse and stimulus former ages and in barbarous countries, the come from without. Hence writers on political lecturer proceeded.] economy expressly 'except education from the Still it is worthy of note, that from the operation of the general law of supply and de- earliest ages we may catch gleams, shining out mand. For the demand, in this case, must be through the darkness, brightly pointing to a awakened by external influences and agencies." | nature and destiny for woman, which, in these This view was amply confirmed by the experi- latter days, and among the most favored naence of the lecturer in organizing a system of tions, are just beginning to be realized. public schools among a people not accustomed Amongst these better prophetic intimations to the institution. The power required to in. stands first and most conspicuous that simple troduce knowledge into minds darkened by but sublime statement, in the first chapter of densest ignorance, must indeed come from a Genesis : “ Male and female created He them.” source without the subjects of it; as, in the Mark the full meaning and force of that truly physical world, darkness is dispelled by lightivspired passage. Never was a clearer statefrom above, and not by internal fermentation ment given of the Creator's work, never a fuller among the particles of the dark body. I pledge and token of His high design. It

From thiş principle it follows, that any stands the strongest testimony in favor of the radical improvement in schools must be from two most important doctrines in our present ar

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gument. These are, the perfect equality and speaking, fling the women into free space, and absolute distinctness of the two balves of the see what will become of them. Whatever compound being. “So God created man in they ultimately find to be in accordance with his own image; male and female created He their own vature and capacities must be the them.”

right thing for them. That much talked of It was all right in the beginning. But it mythical sphere of woman can be compassed has pleased Providence so to constitute His in no other way, than by leaving her field and world, that it must struggle upwards, through opportunity to seek, and by experience attain. long periods, and many painful experiences, But it will be said by some, that there is great before attaining the perfect type, that was danger in allowing too much freedom to women. shadowed forth in the beginning. Researches It is taken for granted that women are more into the great Stone book, where lie petrified inclined to go to extremes than men. Possibly the leaves of the earth's early history, discover they are. Yet must it be always safe to let to the inquirer, scattered through the vast the faculties unfold harmoniously, according to series by which living things have ascended the plan marked out by Him who gave them. into higher forms of being, evident types of To doubt of this appears like atheism. the superior organisms to come.

It is worthy of remark, that men, by the As Goethé expresses the idea, “Nature then coarse temptation that in pels strength to show appears to us in the form of a sybil, who bas its power, have always been inclined to interbeforeband laid down a testimony of what fere in determining questions which belong bad been determined from eternity, and was much more properly to women. An interesting not to be realized till late in time."

instance of this disposition was shown in the So, in the fragmentary history of woman's affair of nursing the sick and wounded of the progress, we may catch glimpses of the future late war. Masculine medical 'exclusiveness, elevation designed for her.

and masculine delusions on the question of proHaving referred discursively to some of the priety, did their best to alarm sensitive feminine steps in woman's progress toward the position delicacy, and to banish those gentle ministers of she was meant to occupy, the natural inquiry mercy from the hospitals. Fortunately for the next presents,-how near has she approached poor sufferers, woman's tenderness and common to it? Is it at length attained ? So rapid and sense were too strong for the success of the decided have those steps of progress been, it is attempt. And the brightest feature that supposed by many that women have quite marked that long, terrible agony, was seen in risen above the position of inferiority to which the noble deeds of the American followers of law and custom so long confined them, and at- Florence Nightiogale. tained the equality designed in the begioning. Men may offer counsel; but the idea of their What is the actual situation in this respect ? dictuting to women, in these questions of deli

(Various proofs were here alleged, going to cacy and propriety, is simply preposterous. show the actual inequality ;-as the national Yes; woman is constituted the equal of man, example, exhibited in the refusal of Copyress but not the equivalent. Her distinctness and to give equal salaries to the female government difference are as certain as her equality. employés, though doing the same work as men, and female created He them." and doing it as well; the inequality in the It is not proposed here to determine the line salaries of female teachers ; the inferior status that separates the distinct spheres of man and of the Philadelphia Female High School, &c. woman. That were a difficult task, blended as &c.)

they are. It would be very easy, though quite unneces “ Yet, though the colors soften and unite" sary, to multiply the proofs establishing the A thousand ways;—is there no black and white ? " actual existing inequality in the condition of The line is one which will be found and rethe sexes. While this lasts, the relation can spected, rai her by woman's instinct, than by not be permanent. It must go on, as it has mad's reason. Now and then a woman will been doing ever since the time of Eve, to change. cross the line, and invade her neighbor's provEntire conformity to the full design of the ince; but her whole peculiar character forbids Creator is absolutely necessary, before any the fear of any persistent invasion. The disthing can stand on an immutable foundation. tinction is too radical for that. How, then, is it to be brought about?

[The lecturer here detailed bis experience ously in the only way that such conformity has as a teacher of girls, which had brought him ever been attained : by leaving free to develop to discern and acknowledge the intellectual difall the natural powers and capacities of the ference of the sexes; but he declined to estifemale character. Perfect freedom to develop, mate their comparative excellence, as mathemaand wise assistance in the process, that is, proper ticians never make an equation of incommeaseducation, are the essential matters.

urable quantities] Without fear, then, let us, metaj:horically [On the question of giving to women the

“ Male

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