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from there, by railroad, to Alexandria. Spent | lished by New England Friends bave radiated a portion of the next day in visiting the schools to all surrounding localities. They bave classiin that place, accompanied by Col. Lee, of the fied departments for education in one building, Freedmen's Bureau, in all of which we saw and a store in another, wbere goods of every satisfactory evidence of the capability of the description are sold at cost price. colored child to receive and appreciate the edu- In reviewing the condition of our schools, cation appropriate to its age. Many astonished and their influence upon the peighborhoods us with their recitations.
where they are located, we feel justified in urgSome of the school.houses are in the shadow ing the Association to continue its support, not of the old Slave-Pen, now a decaying monu- only by establishing schools, but by furnishing ment of past iniquity ; but we may rejoicingly each teacher with a good supply of clothing, in believe that in these educational institutions order that the aged and sick may be cared for, memorials of present benevolence are forming, and no child prevented from attending school to carry cheering and imperisbable records into on account of not having comfortable garments. the Future.
Everywhere we saw evidences of the liberality Io the afternoon, by the kindness of a Friend of our friends, in the clothing worn by the from Woodlawn, we were conveyed to that place, people. We wondered what they would have and, on the way, stopped to visit Deborah K. done without it. Sunith's school, about five miles from Alexan. We look upon those under our care as chil. dria. The house is situated directly on the dren just beginning to walk, who peed aid until roadside, more than a mile from the teacher's they shall learn to step unassisted, and then lodgings, and the most uncomfortable that we the external means of support should be juhad seen. The teacber and scholars had suf. diciously removed. And while we offer this fered with the cold, owing to the open condition view, we hope also that the Association will be of the house ; yet neither murmured; they furnished with pecuniary ability to extend its looked happy and much interested in their field of labor. respective occupations. Heard all the classes, 1 Before closing this report, we desire to state and were well satisfied with their progress. ¡that we were greatly aided in the performance
Seventh-day, visited some of the people in of our work through the kindness and attention their homes at Woodlawn. The next morning received from individuals whose uvreserved returned to spend balf an hour in D. K Smith's hospitality will be gratefully remembered. First-day school. From there to Woodlawn
HENRY M. LAING, meeting, and spent the afternoon with the col
EDITH W. ATLEE. ored people gathered in S. Lloyd's school-bouse, ! Fifth month 1st, 1867. which is a comfortable building, about a mile from her boarding place. Heard the recitations! DESCRYPTION OF GOOD AND BAD MEATS. of several classes in reading, spelling and arith-! Every bousekceper or buyer should be fa. metic; but the afternoon was chiefly devoted miliar with Dr. Letheby's description of good to Scriptural reading and religious instruction and bad meats, as follows: Good meat is neigiven by several volunteer assistants. Ad. ther of a pale pinkish nor a deep purple tint. dresses were delivered from strangers present, It has a marbled appearance, from a ramifica. and cordial expressions of gratitude from the tion of little veios of intercellular fat; and the colored people for the advantages tbey were ex. fat of the internal organs especially is firm, bard periencing through our Association. We felt and suety, and is never wet, whereas that of it to be an exceedingly interesting and impres- diseased meat is soft and watery. The feel of sive occasion, and a fitting close to our mis- healthy meat is somewhat elastic, and hardly sion.
moistens the finger. Diseased meat is soft and We may, perhaps, he allowed to add that we wet. Good meat has but little odor, and this were much gratified with the marked improve- is not disagreeable; whereas diseased meat meat in the condition of the freed-people in smells faint and cadaverous. Good meat bears Washington, attributable not only to the effi. cooking without much shrinking or losing much ciency of the Bureau, but also to tbe judgment of its weight; but bad meat shrivels up and and energy of benevol ot associations and indi. boils to pieces; this is due to the larger pro. viduals. Among the most inuportant and effec- ! portion of watery and gelatinous material, and tive aids in producing this encouraging change the absence of fat and true muscular substance was acknowledged to be the labors of Eliza ' in the meat. Under the microscope the fibre Heacock, in her departments of industrial and should be clear and well defined, and free from dimestic instruction.
infusorial animalculæ ; wbilst that of diseased We saw about fifty children employed in meat is sodden and tuwid, as if it had been plaiting straw braid, which is made at the same! soaked in water ; the transverse streaks are inplace into hats.
distinct and wide apart, and animalculæ abound The beneficial effects of the mission estab.lin it. Dr. Letheby's official station requires
him to prevent the sale and consumption of unwholesome meat in the city of London. Were it not that facility is offered by the salesmen for the detection of fraud, his subordinates would be very much crippled in their opera. tions, and it is gratifying to be able to acknowledge this fact. To supply more than three millions of people, about six hundred tons of meat are brought to market daily, and nearly six hundred tons of meat unfit for consumption have been condemned and destroyed during the past six years. Much of this would have certainly produced serious disease in the com munity. Allowing six ounces a day to each person, it represents nearly 600,000 meals, and at a reduced calculation, we may fairly say," in the words of the London Lancet," that nearly half a million persons would be prevent. ed eating diseased meat once by the labors of Dr. Letheby and his inspectors in one year.” - Phila. Ledger.
Amidst the noblest of the band,
They lay the sage to rest,
With costly marble drest,
Where lights like glory fall,
Along the emblazoned wall. This was tbe bravest warrior
That ever buckled sword; And never eartb philosopher,
Traced with bis golden pen, On the deatbless page, words half so sage,
As he wrote down for men.
The hillside for his pall,
With stars for ta pers tall;
Over bis bier to wave,
To lay him in tbe grave.
O! dark Bethpeor's bill,
And teach them to be still.
Ways that we cannot tell;
Of him He loved so well.
The following beautiful lines are from the pen of an anonymous English writer. T.
THE GRAVE OF MOSES. « And he buried him in a valley, in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of bis sepulebre unto this day."-DEUT. Xxxiv. 6.
By Nebo's lonely mountain,
On this side Jordan's wave,
There lies a lonely grave.
And no man saw it e'er,
And laid the dead man there.
That ever passed on earth;
Or saw the train go forth.
Comes, when the night is done,
Fades in the setting sun;
Her crest of verdure waves,
Open ibeir thousand leaves ;
Or voice of them that wept,
Tbai graod procession swept.
On grey Betbpeor's height,
Looked on the wondrous sight;
Still shuns the hallowed spot ;
That wbich man knoweth not.
His comrades in the war,
Follow the funeral car;
They tell bis battles won,
While peals tbe minate gun.
The "Inaugural address of Jobo Stuart Mill,” delivered to the University of St. Andrews, Glasgow, Scotland, in the second month of this year, is full of interest and instruction. Some selections from it have been made and will from time to time appear in our columns; but we would advise all interested in the subject of education to procure the entire address. It can be obtained at the office of the “Living Age,” Boston, or at Challen's Book Store, 1308 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. EXTRACTS FROM JOHN STUART MILL'S INAU.
QURAL ADDRESS. Let me first say a few words on the great controversy of the present day with regard to the higher education, the difference which most broadly divides educational reformers and conservatives; the vexed question between the an. cient languages and the modern sciences and arts; whether general education should be classical-let me use a wider expression, and say literary—or scientific. A dispute as endlessly, and often as fruitlessly agitated as that old controversy which it resembles, made memorable by the names of Swift and Sir William Temple in England and Fontenelle in France-the contest for superiority between the ancients and the moderns. This question, whether we should be taught the classics or the sciences, seems to me, I confess, very like a dispute whether paioters should cultivate drawing or coloring, or, to use a more homely illustration, whether a tail
or should make coats or trowsers. I can only any other acquirements. If a boy learnt Greek reply by the question, Why not both? Can any. and Latin on the same principle on which a thing deserve the name of a good education mere child learns with such ease and rapidity wbich does not include literature and science too? any modern language, namely, by acquiring If there were no more to be said than that. some familiarity with the vocabulary by pracscientific education teaches us to think, and lit- tice and repetition, before being troubled with erary education to express our thoughts, do we grammatical rules—those rules being acquired not require both ? and is not any one a poor, with ten fold greater facility when the cascs to maimed, lopsided fragment of humanity who is which they apply are already familiar to the deficient in either ? We are not obliged to mind; an average schoolboy, long before the ask ourselves whether it is more important to age at wbich schooliog terminates, would be koow the languages or the sciences. Short as able to read fluently and with intelligent interlife is, and shorter still as we make it by the est any ordinary Latin or Greek author in time we waste on things which are neither bu. prose or verse, would have a competent knowsiness, por meditation, por pleasure, we are not ledge of the grammatical structure of both lanso badly off that our scholars deed be ignorant guages, and bave bad time besides for an am. of the laws and properties of the world they live ple amount of scientific instruction. I might in, or our scientific men destitute of poetic feel go much farther; but I am as unwilling to ing and artistic cultivation. I am amazed at speak out all that I think practicable in this the limited conception which many educational matter, as George Stevenson was about railways, reformers have formed to themselves of a bu- when he calculated the average speed of a train man being's power of acquisition. The study at ten miles an hour, because if he bad estimatof science, they truly say, is indispensable : our ed it higher, the practical men would have present education neglects it: there is truth in turned a deaf ear to him, as that most unsafe this too, though it is not all truth : and they character in their estimation, an enthusiast and tbiuk it impossible to find room for the studies a visionary. The results bare shown, in that which they desire to encourage, but by turping case, who was the real practical man. What out, at least from general education, those which the results would show in the other case, I will are now chiefly cultivated. How absurd, they not attempt to anticipate. But I will say consay, that the whole of boyhood should be taken fidently, that if the two classical languages were up in acquiring an imperfect knowledge of two properly taught, there would be no need whatdead lapguages. Absurd indeed: but is the ever for ejecting them from the school course, human mind's capacity to learn measured by in order to have sufficient time for everything that of Eton and Westminster to teach ? I else that need be included therein. should prefer to see these reformers pointing Let me say a few words more on this strangetheir attacks against the shameful inefficiency ly limited estimate of wbat it is possible for bu. of the schools, public and private, which pretend man beings to learn, resting on a tacit assumpto teach these two languages and do not. Ition that they are already as efficiently taught should like to hear them denounce the wretched as they ever can be. So narrow a conception methods of teaching, and the criminal idleness not only vitiates our idea of education, but ac. and supineness, wbich waste the entire boyhood tually, if we receive it, darkeds our anticipa. of the pupils without really giving to most of tions as to the future progress of mankind. them inore than a smattering, if even that, of For if the inexorable conditions of buman life the only kind of knowledge wbich is even pre- make it useless for one man to attempt to know tended to be cared for. Let us try what con- more than one thing, what is to become of the scientious and intelligent teaching can do, be. human intellect as facts accumulate? In every fore we presume to decide what cannot be generation, and now more rapidly than ever, done. . . . . .
the things which it is necessary that somebody A few practical reformers of school tuition, should koow are more and more muliplied. of whom Arpold was the most eminent, have Every department of knowledge becomes so made a beginning of amendment in many loaded with details, that one who endeavors to thivgs: but reforms, worthy of the name, are know it with minute accuracy, must confine himalways slow, and reform even of governments self to a smaller and smaller portion of the and churches is not so slow as that of schools, whole extent: every science and art must be for there is the great preliminary difficulty of cut up into subdivisions, until each man's por. fashioning the instruments : of teaching the tion, the district which he thoroughly knows, teachers. If all the improvements in the mode bears about the same ratio to the whole range of teaching languages wbich are already sanc- of useful knowledge that the art of putting on a tioned by experience, were adopted into our pin's head does to the field of human industry. classical schools, we should soon cease to bear Now, if in order to koow that little completely, of Latin and Greek as studies which must en. it is necessary to remain wbully ignorant of all gross the school years, and render impossible the rest, what will soon be the worth of a man,
for any buman purpose except his own in fi-, ledge, affords. Let us understand, then, that
Philosophy of History; where professors whol The bankrupt act which will go into operation og not merely kpow the facts but have exercised the first of Sixth month, sweeps off imprisonment their minds on them, sbould initiate him into
for debt throughout this country. It sets uside all
stay laws, and all preferences, voluntary agreements, the causes and explanation, so far as within our
and secret attachments. reach, of the past life of mankind in its princi.
| The Female Medical College, of Philadelphia, is pal features. Historical criticism also-the hereafter to be known by the name of the Women's tests of historical truth-are a subject to which Medical College. Since the organization, young bis attention may well be drawn in tbis stage of ladies or females, befure they reached the era of his education. But of the mere facts of history,
womanbood, were admitted as pupils of the insti.
tution, but as nobody but women are hereafter to be as commonly accepted, what educated youth of
admitted, the change of the name is necessary, as any mental activity does not learn as much as it indicates the future of the organization. is necessary, if he is simply turned loose into an London despatches gay the recent great Reform historical library ? What he needs on this, and demonstration numbered 100,000. Fifteen separate on most other matters of common information, is meetings were organized, and at one of them a not that he should be taught in boyhood, but that
woman spoke in favor of female suffrage. There
was no disturbance, but all the troops in London abundance of books should be accessible to him.
and vicinity were under arms, and a large force of (To be continued.)
police was concealed in a secluded part of tbe Park. TAE IRON Bar.—Here is a good lesson from
The Prince de Ligne will contribute a great curi.
osity to the Paris exbibition. It is a book which is an iron bar. Read it, boys.
neither manuscript nor printed ; it is made of charA bar of iron worth five dollars, worked into
acters cut witb scissors in the most delicate and borseshoes, is worth $10.50; made into peedles, adroit manner, and placed in lines of mathematical it is worth $355 ; made into penknife blades, it exactness. In 1640, Rodolf II., Emperor of Germany, is worth $3285 : made into balance springs of offered 11,000 ducats for it. Noihing is known of watches, it is worth $250,000.
its bistory.-Late paper.
The Emperor of France and the King of Prussia What a drilling the poor bar must undergo have borb' formally signed the Luxemburg treaty, to reach all that; but hammered and beaten add and the war clouds have rolled away from the skies pounded and rolled and polished, how was its of Europe. value increased! It might well have quivered! Brevet Major General N. A. Miles, assistant com.
missioner of the Freedmen's Bureau for North Caroand complained under the hard knocks it got;
ilioa, in bis report for the mooth of April, represents but were they not all necessary to draw out its
a satisfactory condition of affairs in ihat State. fine qualities, and fit it for higher offices ? The majority of all classes appear to be moving in
And so, my children, all the drilling and their respective spberes with a determination of pur. training chiabi you are anbient to in youth and pose calculated to produce good results. Notwithtraining which you are subject to in youth, and
standing much destitution prevails, there are enwhich often seem so hard to you, serve to bring
couraging prospects of the same being materially deout your pobler and finer qualities, and fit. you
creased. The crops are bidding fair for a large for more responsible posts and greater useful yield, and the early fruits and vegetables will soon Dess in the world.
be available. The advancing spring offers many op.
portunities to labor, and there are but few localities ITEMS.
where all so disposed cannot obtain at least a partial On the eveniog of the 14th inst., while Judge Kelly, support. The very liberal donations from Northern of Philadelphia, was addressing a large audience in pbilanthropists, in conjunction with the facilities Mobile, an assault was made upon the speaker, and afforded by the recent resolutions of Congress, have firearms were freely used. One white man and two enabled the bureau to reach cases of destitution unnegroes are known to have been killed, and many known before or unable to be reached by the Gov. wounded. The exact cause of the murderous attack ernment. The farmers are working to the fullest is contradictorily stated, but there can be no doubt possible extent of their resources, and large tracts of that it bad its origin in the rebel determination to land which have until now remained forests, or put down free spe-ch in Mobile.
which have for years remained idle, have been taken MARYLAND REPUBLICAN CONVENTION.—There assem- up by energetic freedmen, who are busy with their bled recently at Bilimore the most remarkable operations, showing conclusively by the results al. political body that ever beld its sessions in tbat city. ready obtained that the great experiment of free It was the Republican Convention of the State of labor is a succese. As a general rule contracts are Maryland, composed of delegates chosen without re strictly observed by both parties interested, and gard to color, admiited without regard to color, complaints of wrongs or injuries inflicted are seldom sitting in the Convention without regard to color, heard. The educational work continues with una. voting and speaking in the process of its delibera- bated ardor, notwithstanding the season has arrived tions without regard to color. It is a very safe when many are called to the field of manual labor. statement to say that no such body ever before sat | The monthly returns show a much more gratifying within the borders of Maryland since the founda. | result than for any corresponding period of the year tion of the Republic.-- Wilmington Commercial, previous. General Miles also says: "The initiatory
EDUCATION OF COLORED CAILDREN IN NEW OR- steps taken toward giving the colored people their LEANS.—4 bill is now before the Common Council rights of representation already give evidence of of New Orleans, wbich provides that $60,000 be ap- their influence in the development of their maoho: d, propriated for the education of colored children in they in a quiet manner indicating an appreciation of separate schools. It is estimated that there are their position, unattended by any evidences of elated22,000 colored children in that city of a proper age ness, but with an earnestness of purpose characto attend school.
terized by moderation and proper reasoning."-Press.