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to excuse this hydra-headed habit by asking Have the courage to discharge a debt while what harm can a person do when he does noyou have the money in your pocket.

thing? The reply is ready and plain. He who Have the courage to do without that which is passive in allowing decay is himself a destroy. you do not need, however much your eyes may

While standing still and refusing to help covet it.

he obstructs the progress of others. Have the courage to speak your mind when told in holy Writ: “By much slothfulness the it is necessary you should do so, and to hold building decayeth, and through idleness of the your tongue when it is prudent you should do so. hands the house droppeth through.” And again Have the courage to speak to a friend in a

it is said : " I went to the field of the slothful "seedy" coat, even though you are in company and by the vineyard of the man void of underwith a rich one, and richly attired.

standing, and lo! it was all overgrown with Have the courage to make a will, and a just thorns, and nettles had covered the face thereone,

of, and the stone wall thereof was broken down." Have the courage to tell a man why you will The words of Cato, the elder, are in the proverb, not lend him your money.

" that one who does nothing learns to do evil.” Have the courage to cut” the most agree. Idleness has been well described to be a moral able acquaintance you have, when you are con leprosy, which soon eats its way into the heart vinced that he lacks principle. “A friend and corrodes our happiness while it undermines should bear with a friend's infirmities,” but not our health. Idleness is costly without being a with his vices,

luxury. Montaigne always wound up the year's Have the courage to show your respect for account of his expenses with the following enhonesty, in whatever guise it appears, and your try : “ Item—for my abominable habit of idlecontempt for dishonest duplicity, by whomso- ness, a thousand livres." We toil for leisure ever exhibited.

only to discover, when we have succeeded in Have the courage to wear your old clothes our object, that leisure is great evil. How till you can pay for new ones.

quickly would the working classes be reconciled Have the courage to obey your Maker, at the to what they may call the hardships of compolrisk of being ridiculed by man.

sory occupation, if they were doomed only for Have the courage to prefer comfort and pro- a short time to the greater hardship of compriety to fashion in all things.

pulsory idleness. They would quickly find Have the courage to acknowledge your igno. that it is much better to wear out than to rust radce, rather than to seek credit for koowledge out. The idle man is at the mercy of all the under false pretences.

vices. The working man, on the contrary, fiods Have the courage to provide entertainment a safeguard in his occupation, which leaves no for your friends within your means-not beyond. time for temptations nor desire to yield to them.

It was well said by the oldest of the Greek IDLENESS.

poets, that the laborer is the sentinel of virtue. Sympathy, both public and private, is always -Ledyer. strongly felt and expressed for those icdustrious operatives who, from uplooked for causes, THE WONDERS OF Seed.—Is there upon such as the closing or the burning of a factory, earth a machine, is there a palace, is there even are thrown out of employment and reduced, for a city, which contains so much that is wondera while at least, to enforced idleness. We feel ful as is enclosed in a single little seed-one doubly for their loss of situation—first, because grain of corn, one little brown apple seed, one they are cut off from the means of supporting small seed of a tree, picked up, perhaps, by a themselves and families; and secondly, because sparrow for her little ones, the smallest of a baring then nothing to do, they are in danger poppy or blue bell, or even one of the seeds of acquiring injurious habits which are so com chat are so small that they float about in the monly the effects of idleness, and which would air iovisible to our eyes ? Ah! there is a world badly interfere with their ability and readiness of marvel and brilliant beautics hidden in each to resume work when it is offered them. These of these tiny seeds. people represent the class of compulsory idlers About a hundred and ifty years ago, the cele-who are entitled to sympathy and aid in all brated Linnæus, who has been called "the practicable ways. But the case is far different father of botany,” reckoned about 8,000 differwith voluntary idlers, who do their best to re-ent kinds of plants; and he then thought that duce life to a blank, and theselves to insigni- the whole number existing could not much exficance and contempt.

ceed 10,000. But a hundred years after him, Idleness is the nurse of all the vices. It M. de Candolle, of Geneva, described about moves so slowly that they all overtake it. The 10,000 kinds of plants, and he supposed it posGermans and the Itallians say, proverbially, tha sible that the number might even amount to " idleness is the devil's pillow.” Some affect 100,000.

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Well, bare these 100,000 kinds of plants the Committee into deep sympathy for these af. ever failed to bear the right kind of seeds ? ficted children of the forest, and resulted in Have they ever deceived us? Has a seed of the appointment of a few of their number to wheat ever yielded barely, or the seed of a poppy give such attention to this subject as way may grown up into a sunflower ? Has a sycamoretree ever sprung from an acorn, or a beech tree open for. from a chestnut? A little bird may carry away The exclusion of the colored people from the small seed of a sycamore in its beak to feed public conveyances in Pennsylvania was introits Destlings, and on the way may drop it on the duced to the notice of the Committee by a minground. The tiny seed way spring up and grow where it fell unnoticed, and sixty years


ute from Philadelphia Quarter, but finding a after it may become a magnificent tree, under bill likely to pass which would relieve the colwhich the focks of the valleys and their shep-ored people from their disabilities, the labor of herds may rest in the sbade.—Rural New the Committee was not required. Yorleer.

The Representative Committee also made an ofFRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. ficial communication to the Yearly Meeting, fur

nishing a list of Books now on band for distriPHILADELPHIA, FIFTII MONTH 25, 1867.

bution, and informing how those who have a conPHILADELPHIA YEARLY MEETINQ.-In ad. cern to distribute them may procure them from dition to the information furnished in our last the fire-proof. number, we may state that the Yearly Meeting

While the meeting was in progress, two alwas considered larger than any held since its cepłable visits were received from our sisters, removal to Race Street Meeting. House.

and several men friends expressing a concern The Meetings for Worship were held on First to visit Women's Meetings, were set at liberty and Fifth days, both in the north and south to do so. ends of the Race Street house, as well as at the

On Second-day evening a meeting of Friends? other meeting houses belonging to us in this Publication Association was beld; on Thirdcity, and were considered satisfactory. As the day evening the annual meeting of the Edu. Yearly Meeting progressed, the feeling of love cational Association; and on Fourth-day evening and unity prevailed, till all were baptized in a the Association of Friends for the Elevation of harmonious labor for the promotion of the cause the Freedmen, -all of which were well attendwhich brought us together.

ed. With much unanimity the Meeting recom As a large edition of the extracts is to be mended that Monthly Meetings, if it should ap- published, we shall close our notice of this inpear right, appoint Committees to visit and en teresting opportunity by a minute embracing courage their members.

some of the exercises :A proposition from Concord Quarter, relative

While engaged in considering the important to a change in the discipline respecting Wo subjects brought into view by the reading of men's Meetings, was referred to a Committee, on the queries and answers, an exercise prevailed Second-day, who reported that way did not open

that there might be an increase of faithfulness

in the fulfilment of the various duties which to adopt it.

devolve upon us. The proceedings of the Representative Com The regular attendance of our Religious mittee were read and united with. During the Meetings must ever be regarded as most impast year they have been engaged, through a Com- portant to our continuance as a body of Chrismittee, to guard the conscientious rights of our the obligation to present ourselves on these oe

tian professors, and unless we are faithful to members in relation to the testimony against casions under a reverent sense of our depend.

A more stringent militia law bas been ence upon God, we have no right to expect that passed by the Legislature of Pennsylvania, and, we shall be preserved as a people, to bear aloft notwithstanding the exertions of the Committee,

the testimonies of truth which were committed

to our forefathers. " He that loveth father or it is believed the Governor has signed the

mother more than me is not worthy of me, and bill.

he that loveth son or daughter more than me, The present condition of the Indian tribes, lis not worthy of me," was the testimony of our with a prospect of an impending war, baptized blessed Lord, and we should manifest this love

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by meeting together to worship the Father in obligation to observe the injunction of our di-
spirit and in truth. Having faith in the promise vine lawgiver, “ Swear not at all.”
"that where two or three are gathered in my The machinations of priestcraft are still di-
name, there am I in the midst of them,” we rected to blind the consciences of men, and are
shall not be discouraged in the attendance of antagonistic to that liberty which our fathers
our meetings, whether they be large or small. guaranteed to the inhabitants of this land, and
Jostead of desiriog vocal communication, we hence we are bound to bear a faithful testimony
shall learn to depend upon the father of Spirits against them.
for the bread which nourishes the soul, and as The increasing prevalence of a spirit of specu-
we dwell under this feeling, ability may be lation, manifesting itself in investments in
furnished to make an open acknowledgment of gift enterprises and other species of lottery, the
this for the encouragement of the weary, or we root of all which is in deception and falsehood,
may be silent preachers of the Gospel. caused much concern, and Friends were affec-

From the evidence furnished, we are encour- tionately advised to restrain those under their aged to believe that the love and unity which care from any participation in these dishonest we have felt increasingly to prevail, has measu- practices. They that will be rich, fall into rably prepared the minds of inany to enter into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish the labor of gathering all into one fold, where and hurtful lusts which drowo men in destrucwe may know Christ as the true Shepherd. tion and perdition. For the love of money is

The duties we owe to our dear children were the root of all evil, which, while some coveted
brought into view, and earnest desires were ex- | after, they erred from the faith, and pierced
pressed that parents might seek opportunities themselves through with many sorrows."
in the bosom of their families to wait upon the The importance of dealing with offenders in
Lord, that a qualification may be furnished to the spirit of meekness, in order for their help,
feed the larabs. The blessing of a religious was impressively presented.
training ander the fostering care of the Society When a brother is overtaken with a fault, it
was acknowleged by several Friends, and the is the duty of concerned Friends to labor with
simplicity of manners and conversation enjoined such a one, not with a view of separating him
by the third query was pointed out as a means from Society when he most needs its care, but
of preservation from the spares and temptations rather to wait till he is restored by that Spirit
of life.

which seeks to save that which is lost.
It is believed that a deficiency exists on the
part of many of the older members in properly

We refer our correspondent, from whom we ndiog to the temporal and spiritual needs of those who are about starting in life. At this have received some comments on keeping the important period they require the aid of their Sabbath holy, to the Essay in our present numolder friends whose experience qualifies them ber on "The Use of Sunday," by J. F.W. Ware. to administer counsel and encouragement. Alth ugh our reports give encouraging evi.

The hour for holding Little Britain Monthly Neet. dence that Friends are generally clear of the use ing, a branch of Nottingham Quarterly Meeting, bas of intoxicating liquors as a drink, we were re- been «hanged from the llth to the 10th hour during minded that intemperance is on the increase in the summer months. the community, and that there is an obligation resting upon us, not only to bear a faithful Died, on the 22d of Fifth month, 1866, REUBEN R., testimyny ourselves, but to exert our influence son of Levi B. and Ann M. Stiles, of Accotink, Va., to discourage this insidious and daugerous prac

aged 2 years and 5 months.

on the 8th of Third month, 1867, JACOB tice. Io connection with the indulgence in spiri. Moore, in the 86th year of his age; a member of Easttuous liquors, the use of tobacco was adverted to, land Meeting. This dear friens, although deaf and as liable to create a thirst for other stimulants, dumb from his birth, was for many years a diligent and the influence of example in this, as in other attender of our religious meetings, and evinced by

his demeanor, that although his outwurd tar was things, muy lead the susceptible minds of youth closed to what was orally communicated, his spiritinto habits which may prove injurious to their ual ear was open to receive, and attentive to the best interests.

impressions of that ever blessed Spirit, which reThe testimonies enumerated in the sixth que- quireth not words, but which “ waketh intercession ry, severally claimed our consideration.

We are

for us, witb groanings that cannot be uttered." His

end, we doubt not, was peace. abundantly convinced that those who have been

Died, on the 29th of Four:h month, 1867, JOSEP5 called out of the pernicious and unscriptural Pilkington, in the 69th year of his age; a member practice of taking oaths should be afresh stimu- of Fishing Creek Monthly Meeting, Millville, Colated to maintain this testimony both by pre

Tuinbia Co., Pa.

on the 8th of Fifth month, 1867, in North cept and example. Now that the numło: of

Castle, SARAH, wife of Reese Carpenter, in the 730 oaths prescribed by the laws of our country is sear of her age; a member of Chappaqua Monthly greater than ever before, there is an imperative Meeting. In the removal of this dear friend we hav


J. M. Ellis,


lost one whose example was worthy of imitation in assigned feel warranted in the prosecution of all the relations of life, as wife, mother, friend. this great work, with renewed energy and vigor, Although the swift-winged messenger came wben

in the confident assurance that the pecuniary least expected, her light was trimmed and ber lamp | burning; and in about fifteen minutes from the time

means will be forthcoming. Let them not be she was atiаcked, sbe passed tranquilly and sweetly disappointed. away to the never-ending joys of Heaven.

Note.--It may be well to direct the attention , at her residence in Philadelphia, on the 9th lof friends to an * Errata” in the Intelligencer inst., REBECCA ANDREws, in the 67th year of ber age; l of the 11tb inst., correcting typographical errors & member of Darby Monthly Meeting.

in No. VII. of this series, where in one place

“personal interviews” was made to read “perSPECIAL NOTICE.

sodal intimacy,and in another, where “referA Special Meeting of Friends' Association for the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen will meet on

ring the queristswas made to read “referring Fourth-day evening, the 29th inst, in the Montbly the guests, &c.

J. M. E. Meeting Room in Race St. Meeting. House.

The Report alluded to above is as follows: A full attendance of Friends is particularly requested, as a decision must be immediately arrived

REFORT. at as to how many, where, and for what length of time teachers shall be continued amongst the Freedmen.

To perform the mission entrusted to us by

the Association, we leit Philadelphia Sixth day Anne COOPER,

pight, the 121h of Fourth month last, and pro

ceeded directly to Alexandria, thence to Lees. FRIENDS AMONGST THE FREEDMEN.

burg, Va., by the Alexandria, Loudon and No. VIII.

Hampsbire Railroad to Belmont, about thirty Annual Meeting.

miles, and from there by stage, six miles. Probably no better material can be furnished Arriving at Leesburg about 2, P. M., 00 for the present number than a reference to the Seventh-day, we visited the school under the late Annual Meeting, and the introduction of care of Caroline Thomas. It is in a confortable the very interesting Report of the Committee frame building, a few squares from her lodgings. appointed to visit the schools, and to which al We found her engaged in teaching, therefore bad lusion was made in No. VII.

a good opportunity of judging the capability This meeting was held on Fourth day ever. of her pupils. We were well satisfied with their ing last in Race St. Meeting House, and was advancement. Some of the parents were pres. well attended by an audience apparently deeply I ent, who expressed much gratitude for this interested in the proceedings. Portions of the privilege for themselves and children. The Appual Report were read, together with inte. I teacher is earnest and zealous in her work, both resting letters from some of our teachers, as in the school room and among the colored well as from some of their pupils, written in people generally. During the winter she has their own expressive language from the fulness held school several evenings in the week for of hearts overflowing with gratitude to their adults, and assisted in organizing and support“kind benefactors.” The latter were banded ing a literary association which has given opround for inspection as one of the evidences of portunity for instructive reading and appropritheir ability to receive instruction. Some of ate counsel. She believes this form of labor the compositions were from children of tender among these people is one of the most importyears, and elicited (as they well deserved) muchant aids in the work of elevation. admiration. A straw braid hat, which was A Friend, who came from Waterford-six brought from Washington by the Committee, miles--in his carriage, took us to his house, was also handed round as one of the results of where we were kindly entertained. C. Tbomas the industrial teachings of this people. accompanied us. The next morning, First-day,

Remarks were made by friends in attendance, visited a few families. Among them was the one of whom desired an opportunity to con- mother of Ann E. Gould, a woman about 40 tribute on the spot, and he doubted not others years of age, whom S Steer had been preparing were in the same condition. Impromptu volun- for a teacher. Before our arrival she was attacked tary contributions were immediately made with an inflammatory and dropsical disease in the amounting to over three hundred dollars. throat, from wbich she did not recover. We re

The meeting was one of deep interest through-ceived an interesting report of ber character and out, and friends separated with regrets that, influence in the school, and also of the closing owing to the shortness of the evening, time moments of her life. She passed away with the could not be allowed for a fuller expression of clear evidence of peace, leaving affectionate and the feeling that manifestly prevailed. Short as grateful messages to those who had given her was the time we had been assembled, it was ihe opportunity to possess the privileges of evident that much encouragement had been the school-room. She also expressed the hope given and received; and friends to whom the that all her people would evince an apprecia. more active portions of this labor bave beep Ition of them in their daily life.

Perhaps it will not be out of place here to ture responsibilities, vocal thanksgiving and relate that we attended Friends' Meeting in supplication arose from two fervent hearts. the house with which many interesting inci. Then all united in hymns of praise. dents are connected relative to the late war. It was an interesting and instructing occa

Although it is more than 100 years since sion. We were informed that several of the meeting was established, not once have Moseby's men were present and participated in Friends been known to fail in gathering on the the closing service. appointed occasions. During the war the house The next morning, Third-day, Capt. Hine was used by a portion of the Rebel army, and took us about six miles to Catharine E. Hall's on meeting days the soldiers not ouly prepared school, where we also saw Hannah Shortlidge. for the reception of Friends, but many frequently Interviews with both satisfactory. The school sat with them. Some of the pickets became under the care of the latter, about five miles 80 much interested in the Gospel teachings of di-tant, is small, with no prospect of an inour dear friend, Miriam Gover, that they re crease. We spent most of the day in Catharine's quested not to be sent on duty until the Qua- school, which is held in the upper room of a kers closed their meeting.

building in the yard attached to her home. In this house, by appointment, we met, Found the pupils much interested. One man on First day afternoon, Sarah Steer's pupils, pays $9 a month to another to do his work that and their parents, as her school room could he may come to school. A woman washes for

sixteen persons, Dot accommodate them. We were gratified

and performis other household with their recitations— believe the teacher to duties, but is seldom absent, although she walks be earnestly devoted to her work, and entirely several miles. She spoke with much gratitude

Several of her competent to perform its requirements. A new of her present privileges. building is in process of erection by the colored grandchildren are pupils in the school.

Failing in a conveyance, we were prevented people, which will be used for religious and educational purposes.

from visiting Martha Wright's school, but

through the kindness of T. Green, with whom The following morning we returned to Lees- Catharine E Hall boards, were conveyed in burg ; stopped about half an hour at the school, the afternoon, six miles to Fall's Church, where then took stage to Belmont, six miles, and

we saw Eliza E. Way. Her school was not in thence, by railroad, about twenty-four wiles to session, on account of the house needing repairs. Vienna, where we saw Mary K. Brosius at the She reported good attendance and much interesidence of Captain Hine. Her school was rest in education. Believes the continnation of not in session, on account of the house being the school important. needed for other purposes. Material for a new

Fourth day morning, proceeded by railroad building was ready awaiting the leisure of the

to Herndon, Not succeeding in fiudiog a concolored people for its erection, but continued

veyance, walked about three miles to Frances claims upon their time had interrupted the E. Gause's school; we found it in session, work. They hoped to complete it in a few in a comfortable log house which the colweeks, and, in the meantime, we advised 11. ored people have lately crected, a short distance K. Brosius to open a school a few miles dis- from the place where the one stood which was tant, where a house was ready and a teacher burnt by some of the opposing neighbors. Deeded. This she consented to do.

The school is in a very satisfactory conCaptain Hine took us in the afternoon to dition, and the teacher much interested in her visit Mary McBride's school, dear Fairfax work. Visited some of the people in their Court House, about six miles distant from Vi: homes, and were gratified to see evidences of

Her school house is comfortable, and thrift and industry. They rent and cultivate filled with industrivus, appreciative scholars. the land. We heard satisfactory recitations. She appears One man, who seems to be quite influential mach interested in her work.

among the people in the neighborhood, has Returned to Vienna, and in the evening, by about 200 acres.

All his buildings are good, appointinent, a large company of colored people and the whole appearence of the farm indicates collected in a house oocupied by soldiers in one capability and energy. of the fortifications during the war, and now used lo the evening the house was filled with col. for a school for white pupils. Capt. Hine read ored people, who were invited to meet us, and our introduction from the Association, and ex we conversed freely with them upon their vaplained the object of our appnintment, and re. ried duties and responsibilities. Many exquested their aid by respectful attention to what pressed gratitude for the interest and aid rethey should bear, and prompt replies to required ceived from the Association. One of us read information. This was satisfactorily realized; and, a portion of Scripture, and hymns were sung after much expression from the people and our by the people. selves in relation to their past condition and fu. Fifth day morning, returned to Herndon, and


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