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more. But the mercy of the Lord is from onward course toward the great centre of life. everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear in the divine economy accountability has been Him, and His righteousness upto children's

proportioned to the knowledge at command, children, to such as keep His covenant, and to those that remember His commandments to do and the gifts with which the mind has been them.

endowed. It is therefore of great moment that

we avail ourselves of the means within our FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER. reach whereby our true mission may be per

fected. These means may often lie in what are PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 18, 1867.

called matters of little moment, yet when viewed PHILADELPHIA YEARLY MEETING convened

in connection with the divine will, they are of on the 13th inst., and was in session when

vast importance. In the parable illustrative of our paper went to press. The Meeting for this subject, the commendation rested upon Ministers and Elders, which assembled on

the servant who had been faithful in “a very the Seventhday previous, was as large as on

little.From the same authority we are reformer occasions, and although deep feeling

minded not to “despise the day of small was occasioned in the remembrance of the many

things." No doubt much larm bas arisen by of our elder Friends who had been removed by

too often separating religion from the secular death, encouragement was afforded in the

duties of life, thereby overlooking in great belief that there were those who under the

measure the extent of the commandment to preparing Hand were being qualified to fill / watch continually lest we enter into temptation. their vacant places in the church.

The injunction to watch is one not to be deThe Meeting gathered on Second day under

parted from without endangering our safety. a feeling of unusual solemnity, and the exer

By an adherence to it we acquire a knowledge cises produced by the reading of the Epistles i

stles of ourselves and the duties which lie at our from other Yearly Meetings manifested a door. With the mind thus prepared to receive living concern for the welfare of the body, the impressions of divine love, we may be Several Friends with Minutes from other qualified to enter into sympathy, not only with Yearly Meetings are present: David 11. / kindred spirits, but to feel with tbose from wbom and Naomi Barnes. Ministers from Purchase we may have been separated, either by doubt Monthly Meeting, N. Y.; Rachel C. Tilton, a or gloom, or discouragements arising from Minister, accompanied by her husband. Mellis causes over which individuals have had little or Tiltop, an Elder, from the same Meeting: Avice no control. There is great beauty in the pracPorter, an Elder, from Greenfield and Never. tical exercise of a mutual dependence ope upon sink Monthly Meeting; and Alexander J. Cof another, whereby the whole are brought into • fin, a Minister, from Oswego Monthly Meeting, religious fellowship, and made to feel whence N. Y.

all good originates. The proposition for a change of Discipline, We bave heard with interest that in some brought up from Philadelphia Quarter last year, meetings of Friends recently, a concern, which and deferred for further consideration this year, may not inappropriately be termed paternal, was dismissed, way not opening to take further has been manisested by the appointment of a action upon it.

committee to extend a friendly visit to all tbeir

members; and in this way to become better PRACTICAL DUTIES.-Circumstances cluster acquainted with one another, that bappily the round us with a force which can only be proboud of Christian brotherhood may be strength. perly met by having the mind stayed upon the ened. immutable principle of Truth, over which the The Monthly Meeting of Green St., Phila. combined policies of worldly wisdom can have delphia, has appointed such a committee, aud po deleterious influence. Present as well as also issued an address to its members, exprespast experience proves the necessity of a power sive of the interest felt in their welfare. If superior to that of finite man, to control his Friends were generally to consider tbis subject, destiny and to uphold him in his upward and I we believe it would be found that an advantage

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might be derived from this kind of personal streams which in any other part of the world intercourse.

would be called rivers of the first class. The Rio Francisco in the East, and the afiluents of

the La Plata in the South, give fertilily and cbanWe have watched with much interest the nels of easy intercommunication to enormous movements which have been made within the extents of country, while in the interior stretch last few years for the abolition of slavery in the great grass-grown pampas, with their countBrazil. Many of the most influential citizens, less herds of cattle, covering a region seven who were probably influenced by the example mines of gold; there is coal in plenty; there is

times as big as the whole of France. There are of Russia and our own country, have agitated iron; and the annual product of diamonds is the question, and now, by the Atlaptic Cable,' not far from $2,000,000. There is not a deswe are informed that on the 8th of this month, ert in the empire. The whole is a rich loam, the Emperor, Don Pedro, signed the decree, covered with a vegetation unequaled for mag

nificence and beauty, except, perhaps, in some abolishing slavery throughout the Brazilian of the fairy-like islands of the Indian Ocean. Empire, to take effect in twenty years. Chil- Even with her present meagre development, Bradren born after that day are absolutely free. zil supplies half the world with coffee, and sends With the exception of some of the Spanish abroad also great quantities of cotton, sugar, islands, this barbarous system is now virtually

aod tobacco. She has exported more of coffee

and sugar in eighteen months than of diamonds abolished in Christendom.

in eighty years.

It is three hundred years The New York Tribune has an article on the since the first permanent settlement of the subject, which, while it contains the gratifying country by Europeans ; yet in all this time, intelligence, gives so much information as to and with all the marvellous wealth of the soil the Brazilian Empire, that we copy it nearly en

and the charms of a genial climate to tempt inmigration, not one acre in a hundred and

fifty has ever felt the labor of the husbandman; Brazil has given the death-blow to the wicked and immense regions are almost as unknown tosystem which has been so long both her griev. day as when Pinçon, the companion of Columous burden and her foul disgrace. Henceforth, bus, first took possession of the country in the every child born in the empire is free, and in name of the King of Castile. Nor, for many twenty years the chains will fall from the years at least, has the Government, which is limbs of her last surviving slave. By this one of the best, most liberal, and most progres. decree, nearly 3,000,000 Blacks are raised up sive monarchies in the world, spared any eff:rt from the dust; and though but few of this gene- to attract the superabundant population of Euration can bope to see the day of general emai- rope. Since the Brazilians wrested their inde. cipation, it is much for them to know that the pendence from the mother couotry, Portugal, curse which rested on the parents will no longer in 1822, they have devoted themselves zealously be transmitted to the children; it is sometbing to works of social and industrial improvement. that the younger of thein have a bright al. They bave freedom of education, freedom of though distant future to look toward and to wait the press, and freedom of religious worship. for. Very likely, too, the dying institution They have labored hard to develop their means will not be suffered to linger out the whole of of communication with the old world, having the existence wbich the new law accords to regular lines of mail steamers to the principal it; as the benefits of free labor to the whole European ports. They have steamers on the country become appreciated, fresh legislation coast and rivers. They have railways, built by may hasten the advent of national liberty and English and American engineers. Their trade justice.

with Great Britain, France, and the United The State which has just taken this import States is large, and constantly increasing. Their ant step in the road of progress, covers about imports at the latest date for which we have 3,000,000 square miles of the richest portion of returns (1863) amounted to $55,000,000, and the South American continent, being a little their exports to $68,000,000. Six or seven greater in extent than the Uuited States. Na- years ago, there were already some fifty foreign ture has given it the most magnificent river colonies, founded by the aid of liberal grants of system in the world. The Amazon rolls its Government lands; but the colonists did not mighty waves through the dense forests of the number, all told, more than 60,000 ; and, at Dorthern provinces forests teeming with all any rate, it is not by banding themselves to

gorgeousness and luxuriance of the tropics, geiher in isolated communities that immigrants rich in precious woods and valuable fruit bear. can materially benefit the country of their adoping trees, and alive with the most brilliant tion. The infusion of new blood must permeforms of animal nature; and its tributaries are I ate the whole body politic; and if the old blood

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and the now cannot mingle; one or the other | 4,000,000 slaves in the United States, and the will be driven out.

| virtual manumission of 3,000,000 negroes in It is precisely because there was an element Brazil. It is a glorious six years' workin the social and political lite of Brazil which 32,000,000 of men restored to freedom, and a repelled these sturdy settlers that the great curso taken off three of the largest empires in South American Empire is still so thinly peo. the world! pled; having only about 8,000,000 inhabitants, or less than a quarter of our own population. Married, on the gih of Fourth month, 1867, with The same cause which in this country has uni- the approbation of Green St. Montbly Meeting, Edformly directed the stream of immigration to MUND H. Smith and REBECCA JANE, daughter of Tbos.

and Elizabeth Adamson. the Northern and Western instead of to the

- , at Germantown, on the 24th ult., in accordSouthern States, has been constantly couuteract-ance with the order of Friends, SAMUEL TOWNSEND ing all the inducements held out by nature and to Rachel Wilson Moore, both of Philadelphia. by man to draw settlers to Brazil. Slavery and a wholesome free immigration are natural ene Died, in the city of New York, on the 18th of mies, aod always have beep. the word over. | Third month, 1867, ELIZABETH M. F., wife of Jas. O. Brazil has beckoned to the settler with one

Hallock, in the 620 year of her age. hand, while with the other she has upheld the great wickedness that drives him away. The FREDERIKA BREMER AND THE WOMEN OF first colonists enslaved the Indians; and, de.

SWEDEN. spite the futile measures of emancipation adop

BY PROF. WM. Wells. ted by the Portugese crown in 1570, in 1617, The name of Frederika Bremer is extremely in 1684, these unfortuoate natives remained in dear to the people of this country and England, servitude until 1755, and would perhaps have but to the women of Sweden it is, indeed, & beed held to this day had they vot proved very sweet savur. Through her friend, Mary Howunprofitable. Negroes were accordingly im. itt, we years ago became well acquainted with ported from other Portugese dominions, and a her works, and finally had the pleasure of meetslave-trade with the African coast naturallyling her personally in this Western city of the sprang up, and is only just ended. Portugal New World, where pleasant memories of ber sobound herself by treaty with England, in 1815, journ still linger in the hearts of her friends. to abolish the trade. Brazil renewed the obli- Mary Howitt's mantle of love towards Miss gation is her own name in 1826. Yet in 1839, Bremer fell upon her daughter, Margaret, who it was estimated that 80,000 Blacks were im went to Sweden two years ago for the express ported every year; and, ten years later, the purpose of a wore intimate and extended interMinister of Foreign Affairs reported that the course with this estimable lady, in the bome of brutal traffic had only been reduced one-fourth. her childhood, during her declining years. The energetic action of England, declaring Death soon closed her honorable and beneficent in 1815 that Brazilian slave ships should be career on earth, and Miss Howitt has favored amenable to English authorities, led to a long the world with the collected experience of a diplomatic contest and threats of war; but it year's intimate intercourse with her beloved bore fruit in 1859 in a statute wherein Brazil friend. This work contains many charming assimilated the trade to piracy, and in 1852 the pictures of the private life of this celebrated auEmperor declared it virtually extinct. In the thorens, and gives us most entertaining glances meantime, an opposition, not to the slave-trade into the relations of social and political lite alone, but to Slavery, too, gradually strength in Sweden, but is mainly devoted to an account ened itself within the Empire. Manumission of what Miss Bremer did at home toward amebecame frequent, and the laws made it very liorating the condition of the women of her easy. A society was organized under the pro- country, and improving its educational system tection of the Emperor, which, every year, in for young women. open church, solemnly liberated a number of This feature is the motive and the object of slaves; and in 1856 the English Embassador these few lines, as Miss Bremer is too well wrote home that the Government had commu- known in her other relations to need any com. nicated to him their resolution gradually to ment. After earnest and tireless toil had gained abolish Slavery in every part of the Empire. her fame and fortune, her most diligent efforts The grand step which tbey have now takeo has were directed to freeing the women of Sweden po doubt been impelled by the example of our from the narrow fetters with which law and own country. It is one of the many precious custom had bound them--fetters tbat had made fruits which have sprang, and are destined yet every free development impossible, and placed to spring, from the soil which we watered 80 a ban upon every species of activity that would freely with patriot blood.

elevate them above the most ordinary level. Six years have witnessed the emancipation With untiring patience and energy she sought of 25,000,000 serfs in Russia; the liberation of to gain the favorable attention of sagacious and

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liberal men for the reforms that she was striv- a few of her bosom friends, warmly cherished a ing after ; but discouraged here, she finally sort of “Cooper Institute of Stockholm, in turned to the mass of the people in a most which no less than four hundred and scventyeffective appeal, entitled, “Hertha, or the His five female pupils received thorough instruction tory of a Soul;" this was a cry of distress sent io drawing, painting, modeling, geometry, lithointo the world for the women of Sweden, cruelly graphy, and the French and English languages, enslaved by the laws of their land.

and were thereby enabled to devote themselves Viewed from an artistic point, this book was to an intellectually profitable and lucrative asinferior to many of the productions of this gifted tivity. authoress, but it produced an immense sensation We will dwell a moment on a few of the in ber country, and at first an unpleasant one, salient points of Miss Bremer's character and 80 that to escape the excitement thereby caused, history. At a very early age she developed she felt it necessary to make a journey to talent for authorship. In her twelfth year she Switzerland. Without regard to consequences, composed a juvenile opera, which was brought she exposed the injustice of Swedish laws, which out with great preparation in the dining rooin force upon the most intelligent and capable wo- of her paternal bome. It was a charming little man the painful alternative of remaining her piece, in which shepherds and shepherdesses whole life in a state of degrading minority, or appeared io marvelous adventures, and the young severing the most sacred bands of filial love and authoress was greeted with a storm of applause. obedience. She pictured the consequences of Nevertheless, she relates that she went to bed such an arrangement with vivid colors, perhaps, almost disco solate, because those whose apat times, too strong, while smarting under the plause she most desired and valued-her pasense of injustice. IIer thoughts and views in rents had not let a single espression drop in relation to the education and destiny of women, relation to the daughter's effort. “ Perhape,” were expressed in a mapoer so new and startling, thought she while resilessly tossing on her couch, as to raise a very general storm in society, which they are now talking of it to each other wlien Beenied struck to the heart.

alone,” and with quick resolve she left her bed, But Miss Bremer considered all the attacks stepped to ber parents' room, and with ear directed against her as a hurricane, out of against the key hole listened with suppressed which must issue a better opoch for the women, breath to their conversation ; she beard enough of ber sative land. Though for a time no ma-' to koow that their hearts had been made glad terial benefit was perceptible, the matter was at by her genius, though they had suppressed least brought out into the light, and society was their feelings in her presence, and she went hapforced to think and speak of it. Thus was the py to bed. ice broken ; and noble men were soon found Miss Bremer bad a strange presentiment that who recogoized the truth of her assertions, but she would not survive the year '6t; not be. who dared not break through the barriers of cause she felt herself bodily or mentally debililong-established custom, or were restrained from tated, but because of a dream that had made a taking an active part in the solution of the deep impression on her mind. She set her question, by the fear that the women of Sweden house in order, completed all unfinished labors, might not be ripe enough for a greater amount and looked with calmness and couposure to her of independence, or might not know how to use final end. The year, so much feared by her to profit a higher grade of culture.

friends, who were aware of her feelings, was But even these anxieties disappeared by de- drawing to a close, and the gloomy forebodings grees. A seminary for the education of young seemed about to become a deceptive vision. ladies was founded ; teachers were procured Christmas came, and Miss Bremer went, as who could instruct them in the sciences, which she had so often done before, to a place where bitherto bad been regarded as beyond the hori- she was in the habit of gladdening the hearts zon of woman. Scarcely had three years passed, of poor children during the holidays. when the Kiog and Government granted large Christmas eve she sany and danced with the material aid for the scientific, artistic, and tech-children around the Christmas trre, read stories nical culture of women, and therehy made pos- to them from Andersen, and rejoiced them with sible tbe establishing of an “ Institute,” in presents.

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The next day she went to church, which Miss Bremer saw the realization of her and on the way home caught a severe cold, to post ardent wishes for the welfare of her sex, which she succumbed in a few days.

This noble champion now felt herself richly We may well cherislı the memory of the de. repaid for all the attacks which she had patiently ceased as one of the noblest champions for jussuffered on account of the book that had tice, truth, and humanity. And it is gratifying proved so effective, and was rather inclined to to koow that she lived to enjoy the pleasure of value it too highly in comparison with her other seeing her most ardent wishes crowned with literary labors.

Till the day of her death, Miss Bremer, and She leaves behind her a family of spiritual

success.

daughters--a circle of young, highly-cultivated, Wbile upright in his life : 'tis time indeed noble, and diligent women—who grew up to

That we should bear with one another more,

Knowing our Father never will forsake bloom around her while she lived, and who

The earnest seeker of His Light and Truth. will continue to dispense the sweet fragrance of

tinue to dispense the sweet fragrance or And in accordance with our mission bigb, her memory in death, by continuing her work Sarely 'tis meet that we should be allowed of intelligence and love, granting the rights of To give assistance in a mutual way humanity to all, and especially claiming for her | By freely speaking of the highest things,

| As if they really were for daily use, sex the privilege of intelligent and self sup

Not set apart for certain terms and times. porting independence.—E.c. Paper.

For ob, how can it be a love of Truth,

Is it not rather fear of one's own faith THE MISSION OF THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS. Being found unworthy or untriumpbing, Written for the Miscellaneous Essay Meeting at Man.

That craves the stoppage of another's mouth? chester FriendsIns/itute, 12th Month 21st, 1866.

We ought to know that Truth is far above It is not ended-is is scarce begun,

All views about it; doctrines are but forms

And mere descriptions ;-wbile the farther we From its fulfilling we have shrunk away.

In Christian loving and experience go, We have so much to learn ourselves,

The more we cease from a definiog mood, So much of tendency to fall behind,

And closer cling to Him, the Undefined. Even bebind the truth of centuries past,

The life, the life, is everytbing to God; That though we are, we are not what we were.

Opinions are but secondary things; It may in these days be of use to ask

He will not blame us for the leaving out What banded us togetber? 'Twas the sense pro

This or that doctrine wbich we cannot see, found Or God's good presence in the human beart,

If we are one with Him in simple trust,

The loving trust in which true faith consists. His precious teaching and affection there.

Alas! if we must fall into a groove,
Oh, if we craved this blessing as we ought,

W bere dogmas ready "cut and dried" await,
And waited for it with a patient z al,
Should we as Friends have lost our ancient bond?

If we must utter sbioboleth and test,

After the true sectarian policy, It was our mission to proclaim to all

If we must place the inner life behind,
This great grand truth, so long obscured by man,

And have the manner of our following Christ
In bis desire for external power,
For sounding liturgies and splendid rites;

Arranged according to a human plao,

If this be coming, then our end is nigh;
But ontward formulas exist to-day,
Not in the very literal sense alone,

Yet are there others, not “within the pale,''
Not merely where the priest and patriarch rule,

On wbom our mission may be laid instead. But largely elsewhere, and among ourselves,

- British Friend. Regarding questions of religious faith. Poor, frail, weak beings as we really are,

THE FISH OF THE AMAZON. Surely because of very weakliuess

In bis lecture in New York, on Feb. 18th, We think in these days to possess a power

Professor Agassiz stated that he found that tbe Of clear decision as to what the views,

Amazon had not one fish in common with any The deepest views, of each one ought to be. The bond which bound us in the early days,

other fresh-water basin ; that different parts of That bond of each one's union with bis God, the Amazon have fishes peculiar to themselves; Euch one's deep separate allegiance too,

and, as an instance of the teeming variety that Seems scarce considered. Yet, oh Friends,

exist in the Amazon basin, he gave ibe result of Is not religion, in the highest sense, Striving to follow and obey our King,

his examination of a small contiguous lake, or Striving to act according to His will?

pool, of only a few hundred square yards, which The great good Master laught this long ago; showed two hundred different kinds of fishes, He did not build a system or a creed,

which is three times as many as the Mississippi Aod say, “Believe it, or I own you not;"

| River can boast. In the Amazon itself he found He did not fetter thus the soul of man. Are we thea like Him, if we dare to say

two thousand different kinds, and when he began To any brother, “Thou art wrong in faith,

his investigation of the river only one hundred Thou art a heretic-Our creed is true,

and fifty were known to exist, and he said that And till thou hast it thou art but undone,

in proportion as he found the larger number And must be kept excluded from our sect ?"

the difference between them seemed to grow. Here is impatience, bigotry, as e'er Burnt in the beart of persecutionist,

He proceeded to a general classification of the And yet it burns amid the Quaker band

fishes of the Amazon, and iustanced one that In all the fire of Church authority,

might appropriately be called a very peculiar Searce in the spirit of the C: urch's Lord.

fish, inasmuch as it had the power of walking 'Tis time such flaming died away in love,

or creeping on dry land, one having been found In patience, willingness to learn from all, E'en ihose we differ from in sentiment;

Give miles from the water, and the Professor 'Tis time we know that Truth is often found himself kept one of them out of water half a Where least expected: time we learned

day, and on putting it back into its natural That our own views, whatever they may be,

element it sbowed as much of life as if it had Are possibly less near the right than some

never been removed. Moreover it is an agile Which we approve not. It is time we saw How vain, bow foolish it must ever seem

fish, worming its way up the inclined plane of To judge a man by mere opinion's test,

some old tree that has fallen, and twisting

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