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him either weak or stern. He went quietly on Truth once pronulgated can never be stopped his way, trying to help everybody, and syste- in its course till its mission is accomplished.” matically ignoring all distinctions or class or Large and liberal views these for a self-educated color. When I saw hiin so inflexible in his

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farmer. rightoess, while his gentle spirit yearned for Friend Joseph, in common with other mor. the sympathy be forfeited, I frequently thought tals, has encountered many trials and afflictions. of Kible's beautiful words:

But it is an excellent foundation for a tranquil "Oit in life's stillest shade reclining,

old age to love labor so much that work is rec11 desolation unrepining,

reation; to take friendly interest in the birds Without a bope on earth to find

and all of God's little creatures; to be temperA mirror in an answering mind,

ate in all things, and habitually frugal, not from Meek souls there are, who little dream

love of accumulation, but for the sake of impartToeir daily strife an angel's theme."

ing freely to the unfortunate; to find an everIn the case of the colored children, Friend pleasant resource in the perusal of good books ; Joseph's quiet persistence carried bis point and to have a conscience void of offence toward They were allowed to sit with him and his God and man. Time has silvered Joseph's hair, family in their accustomed seats in the mecting- and the aches and pains of years have plowed boase, and the teacher of the Orthodox Quaker furrows io his face. But he thinks more of his school received them into her classes. They blessings than of his troubles, and uses what behaved well, and no disastrous consequences strength he has for the benefit of others. He followed this mingling of different complexions. gathers his grandchildren round him, and writes

No one could justly bring against Friend for them little stories or verses, which always Joseph the charge of being a Quixotic philan. contain some lessons of justice or kindness. On thropist, who neglected his own business to look his sixty-seventh birth-day he gave a pic-nic after the wrongs of others. He was diligent party to all the girls and boys for a roile round. and frugal, and thus earned for himself a rightSome of them had flaseu bair, and some had to indu'ge in the only luxury he cared for-black; some bad wbite faces, and some had the luxury of benevoleace. His large heart brown; for this pic-nic was one of his practical saved him from being penurious, while his sermons on the brotherhood of the human race. orderly and thrifty habits prevented that care. He wrote simple verses for the occasion, freighted less expenditure which too often results in with hints of profitable truths. The tables were waking other people pay for the gratification of spread in bis woods, and abundantly supplied our good impulses. Though an old-fashioned with bread and butter, cakes, melons and apples. Quaker, in dress as well as principles, his course Large crates were fastened to the trees with of reading was never sectarian. He was eager strong ropes, so that the little ones could swing to learn from all advocates of justice, freedom, safely at their ease; and there were plenty of and humanity, and the fruits of it were visible hoops and balls. It was a merry time, and in the enlargement of his mental and moral Friead Joseph was as happy as any of the young vision. Years ago, he wrote to me: “ There folks. In spirit he was like unto a little child; is much said about the decline of the Society of and “ of such are the kingdom of heaven.”. Friends. Some grieve over it, while others re- Independent. joice. I am not much affected by it either way; for I firmly believe there is as much genuine

THE WOODPECKER'S FORESIGHT. Quakerism in the world as there ever was, al The woodpecker in California is a storer of though it may not always appear under the form acoros. The tree he selects is invariably of the of a straight coat or broad brim. I can fully pine tribe. He bores several boles differing subscribe to a sentiment I once heard thee utter, slightly in size, at the Fall of the year, and then that a very good heart may beat under a fash- flies away, in many ivstances to a long distance, ionable dress. If every member of the Society and returns with an acorn, which he immediately of Friends should abandon its principles, it sets about adjusting to one of the holes prepared would not affect the truth of that glorious decla- for its reception, which will hold it tightly in ration of spiritual indepeodeoce and individual its position. But he does not eat the acórn ; freedom which its founders proclaimed to the for, as a rule, he is not a vegetarian. His object world. In my estimation, it was far superior to in storing away the acorn exhibits acute forethe jastly celebrated declaration of personal sight, and knowledge of results more akin to freedom and political independence put forth reason than to instinct. The succeeding Winter by the founders of this republic. I believe the acorn remains intact, but becoming saturated that genuine Quakerism, instead of declining, is with rain, is predisposed to decay, when it actually reviving and increasing. The spirit is is attacked by maggots, who seem to delight in not dead, or dying ; it has merely removed from this special food; it is then that the wood pecker ita oid, narrow tenement, and taken possession reaps the barvest his wisdom bas provided, at a of more spacious and better-lighted apartments. I time when the ground being covered with snow,

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he would experience a difficulty, otherwise, in thread of fire explodes a mine of emotion, con: obtaining suitable or palatable food. It is a viction, and experience that had been slowly subject of speculation why the red-wood cedar but long accumulating in the bosom of our age. or the sugar-pine is invariably selected; it is That delicate cord moors nations together that not probable that the insect, the most dainty to were drifting to each other in spite of seas and the woodpecker's taste, frequents only the out- icebergs. That swift messenger, dark and si. side of wet trees; but so it is, that in Calaveras, lent as night, but keener and subtler tban light, Mariposa, and other districts of California, trees carries words of brotherhood, long waiting for of this kind may be frequently seen covered all their vehicle; that syphon, so sleader and so over their trunks with acords when there is not patient, empties hearts into each other an oak tree within several miles.--A. B. Burton. whose blood had for ages yearned to mingle.

God in his providence, by making us the lastTHE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.

born of the great nations and powers of the (Concluded from page 830, vol. 23.)

earth, and giving us half the world for our And now, fipally, within the bounds of home; by emptying the blood of all nations Christendom-at acy rate, within the bounds of into our national veios; by diversifying us with that bappiest and nost blessed portion of it all climates, without colonial separation, and by which we occupy-a new and higher sentiment the vastness of all the circumstances and condithan even that of compassion, through the grace tions of our territory, our origin, our growth of God and his Soo, apimates our hearts when and history, as well as by the happy fortune of we look on the multitudes,—the sentiment of the splendid age of commerce, liberty, and inconfidence and hope. Fear gave way, in our ventive genius in which our lines have fallen, Saviour's courageous and loving mind, to com- has prepared us, as no people is prepared, to passion, when he saw the multitude. Have not demand, to expect, to understand, and to enthe reasons for that compassion-at least within joy universal ideas,-feelings that embrace the our immediate sphere of life and influence- world, schemes that include the race, hopes that most seusibly lessened, and almost totally diss outrun place and time, destinies that are per appeared, under the influence of the Saviour's fect and complete. own ever.advancing work? He himself, new We look upon the multitude-blessed be as compassion then was, did not fail to add ex. God's providence and Christ's gospel for our ultation to it in the triumph which humanity, power to do so !--no longer with fear, and not uuder his guidance, was finally to accomplish even characteristically, in this land, with comover all its degrading conditions. He i sav passion, but with sympathy and hope, and alSatan as lightning fall from heaven," when the most with reverence. For we see them no Greeks came to inquire into his gospel. How longer faint, and no longer scattered abroad; literally pierced with lightning is the enemy of and every day we are, by economic science and souls, when DISTANCE, that scatters men abroad motive art, eliminating the unknown or suspeod. and makes them faint on the long way, trans- ed elements in the great equation of human fixed on the darting thought of the lightning, I progress. That vast problem is no more a botdies in mid-heaven and falls headlong into the tomless mystery and a baffling speculation. The sea! How long is superstition to make it irre- obstacles which oppose the advance of the race, ligious to recognize the fulfilment of any of cur immense as they are, are measurable; dense as Lord's promises, the answers to any of his they are, are penetrable. There is nothing prayers ? Is the world's progress never to be hopeless or desperate in human affairs. Proconfessed ; and is a mock humility to drape the gress is possible, is real, is certain, is inevitavery mid day of bope, and cheer, with curtains ble. The relative forces of good and evil, of of despondency, lest it outshine the Christian peace and war, of truth and error, of civilization dawo ? The stones would cry out if we were and barbarity, of brotherly love and selfish ansilent, when the rery key stone has so evidently tagonism, are weighed, and the balance is fabeen put into the arch of Christ's triumph over vorable for once, and therefore forever, to the the barbarism and want and dispersion of his kingdom of God in the salvation of our race. scattered flock of humanity. Be it said, then, The multitude is accordingly to be trusted and to his eternal honor and God's everlasting respected. We thank God that we are able, glory, that the day has come when we can look and are compelled by the highest convictions of upon the multitude with something better than the heart, to trust and respect them. Nay, in compassion,-even with confidence and joy. this country, we trust and respect them far more And this, if we mistake not, is the great dig.than we do those who make them objects of tinction, as it is the glorious conquest of the secret suspicion, and who would gladly reprotimes and the day, to wbich the recent triumph duce the repressive systems of aristocratic govof enterprise and art,-the Atlantic Cable, so erpments. The cultivated and refined classes naturally and properly sung, feted and illum- in America understand lees of the true spirit of ned, is but a tongue and voice. That slender lour institutions, and do far less to maintain

them, we fear, than the body of the people at | awakened and inspired portion of the race-has large. Sensitive to defects, fastidious iu tastes, now got beyond ibis syncope and self-oblivion, overborne by memories of the past, they over-beyond its dependence on any powers but God's look the enormous advantages, the broad mag-direct inspirations through that came human pificence, the grand general effect of institutions nature, aided by all recorded revelations, which, where human nature, for the first time, is trust- to this time, he has kept in pupilage to indirect ed with liberty, education, and plenty, and cl. human instrumentalities. The multitude pon tivate the poor satisfactions of a superiority elects its own teachers, judges of its own wants, based on criticism, doubt, and evil prophecies. chooses its own creed, rejects and accepts, on A distinguished and most acute English visitor its own judgment, the propositions of the to this country told us, just before the war, that learned, the philosopbical, and the exalted. Of he had scarcely talked with an educated and course, it makes great mistakes, does very rash thoughtful man in America who had pot ex- and injurious thiugs, and gives skepticism and pressed doubts and fears of the success of our aristocracy abuodant superficial arguments for institutions. Thank God, the people have do their despairing creed. But wbat are all the misdoubts and no fears. Thank God, those who takes it makes, compared with the astounding make aod uphold our liberty, love it, trust it, | fact of an attempter self government, an attempt and estimate it at its value, believe in its dura-ed self-education, an attempted self-reliance, on bleness. They have no misgivings of God's the part of the people? When, in 1858, we clear intention ; no backward looks, no cautious | heard that a single sign bad flashed across the apprehensions. And they are right; wiser, | Atlantic, what cared we for the stutteridg and beca use simpler and more childlike, in their stammering of the instruments? The great patriotism. They are animated by the fresh thing was done; the miracle was wrought : aod, instincts, the original convictions, the stariling had the cable parted the next moment instead realities, of a new era. And thus, while learned of a month later, the hemispheres would not science, and thoughtful philosophy, and even have moved an inch from the close moorings grare experience, shake their heads and mut-effected by that single fact. And so do ter, “Impossible," the mighty hope of the peo- wretched local rulers, no inefficient police, no ple, sure of God's willingness and help, attempts insecurity of life and limb, no mistaken outthe impossible, and changes it into the accom- breaks of self protection, no exceptional blots plished. “I thank thee, O Father! that thou and blotches in the fabric of our prosperous, hast hid these things from the wise and pru- safe, and successful life of freedom, shall introdent, and hast revealed them unto babes." i duce one ray of despondency or doubt into the

The great popular instincts of a new era in patriotic conviction, that—measured by posithe life of man are the vast powers, the mighty tive, not by negative standards; measured by discoveries, the wonder-workers, of the age. the sum of intellectual, moral, and physical acThe multitude is doing for Christ the miracles tivity; by the amount of happiness, intellihe did for them. They, too, say “ Peace” to gence, and virtue, by openness to improrethe sea in his name; they, too, are in and out, I ment, by tendencies to truth, by humane symwhere all doors are shut; they, too, repeat the pathies, by religious aspirations—the multiPentecostal marvel, and bring all tongues to-tudes were never, in human history, so little an gether, and make them alike intelligible to all. object of compassion, so much an object of hope, Like Joshua, they stop the sun, not to fight confidence, and joy, as here and now their battles, but to paint their pictures and If our hearts swell with pride and gratitude perpetuate their frievds. "Canst thou send at the contemplation of this truth, let us not lightnings that they may go and say unto thee, conceal, let us not fail to blazon the fact, tbat Here we are ?” asked the scorpful Job; and the it is God's power manifested in man that has multitude now first is able to answer, “ We can." brought about this result; let us not forget -" Hast thou entered into the springs of the how entirely it is the Divine wisdom that bas sea, or hast thou walked in the search of the planned the great drama of buman history, and deptb ?" and the multitude now first replies, which is now permitting us to see the beauty * We have.”-“Who bath laid the measures and benevolence of the plot, and the bliss of of the earth, or wbo hath stretched the line upon the consummation. Let us not forget that, it ?” aod the multitude again answers, “Glory because it is God who is working in us to will be to God who has first given such power to and to do of his good pleasure, it is all the men, in our own days.”

more our bounden and grateful duty to work The great and all-emboldening confidence of with him,-to work indeed with a new kind of our time is, that the multitude-historically and fear and trembling because of the greatriess of Daturally incapable of estimating human nature the inspiration and the enormous importance as it is, or suspecting their own latent powers, of the task ; to work, in short, as the highand therefore absolutely dependent on the de-hearted projector, the original supporters, the cilivering mercy and energy of the providentially I entific operators, the officers and sailors, of the

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Atlantic Telegraph Company worked, when, I exchange for United States six per cent bonds held after repeated failures and terrible difficulties, in Europe. The Tariff bill was called up, and after they at last laid in silence and amid prayers, but

debate, & motion was made to discharge the Com

mittee of the Whole from the farther consideration with herculean toil and almost deadly anxieties, I of tbe subject, and so bring the matter directly beGod's bond between the nations, God's bow fore the House. This necessitated a suspension of under the sea; pot dissolving and inconstant the rules, which required an affirmative vote of twolike the first which was over it, but a steadfast thirds, and two-thirds not voting in the affirmative, sign from heaven to our generation, that no

the rules were not suspended. Various motions deluge of ignorance, barbarisui, and despair the House in some manner, but all were unsuccess

were made to endeavor to bring the matter before shall ever again cover the hopes, the interests, fol. Committees of conference were appointed on and the destiny of a United Globe and an iosep- the compound-interest note bill, on the bankrupt arable Human Family.

bill, on the transfer of the Indian Bureau, on the Su

preme Court allotments, and on the ladian and the ITEMS.

legislative appropriation bills. The bill to further Sixty years ago ibere was hardly a craft larger an exchange of public documents with foreign gor. than an Indian canoe on the great western lakes.

ernments was passed. fa 1841 the lake trade amounted to $65,000,000 ; in

The 39th Congress adjourned sine die on the 4th 1851 to $300,000,000; and in 1864 to $550,000,000,

iost., and in less than an hour the Fortieth Congress and it bids fair in 1871 10 reach the enormous sum

was organized by the election of Bnjamin F. Wade, of one thousand milion dollars.

of Obio, President of the Senate, and the re-elecion COMPARATIVE DENSITY OF POPULATION.-Of civilized

of Schuyler Colfax, of Indiana, Speaker of the nations Great Britain is the most densely populated,

House. aod the United States the least. The former has Tue FREEDMEN.-Gov. Orr recently addressed the 265 ipbabitants to the square mile; l'aly, 198 ; freedmen of Charleston, in the African Methodist Prussian Germany, 186; France, 179; Austria, 167; Cburcb, the meeting being presided over by a colRu-gia, 31; Turkey, 20; and the United States, 19, ored president and opened with prayer by a colored In 1861 there was in London one inhabitant for chaplain. The governor not only promised them every 1,220 square feet covered by the city, while in protection against lawlessness and outrage, but comParis there was one to every 500 square feet. mended their schools, and predicted iba a commonCONGRE88.--Among the bills introduced into the

school system for whites an i blacks would be estabSenare tbe past week, to be acted upon at the next

| lished by the next legislature. He further said: session, was one for the consolidation of the national

1 "I an prepared to stand by the colored man who debt, and providing for its payment. It authorizes

is able to read the Declaration of Independence and the issue of six per cent. bonds for the redemption

the Constitution of the United States. I am preof securities beld in this country, and five per cent.

pared to give the colored mao the privilege of going bonds to be exchanged for securities held abroad. A

to the ballot-box and voie." joint resolution was passed providing for the ex. The opposition of the Louisiana planters to the change of public documents wiih other countries. education of colored children bas generally abated, An act was passed authorizing the removal of cer- thinks the New Orleans Tribune; has even been con. txin law cases from State courts to United States verted into active efforts to organize schools and courts, when either plaintiff or defendant shall ap- obtain teachers : prehend that adequate justice will not be done bim “This happy result is drie mainly to the firm atti. on account of prejudice or local influecce. The bill tude of the laborers, wbo, though deprived of edu. for the redemption of tbe compound-iaterest notes cation, and, perhaps, because deprived of it, apprewas passed, after being amended so as to direct the ciate to its full value the price of acquiring knowl. Secretary of the Treasury to issue temporary-loan edge. They have made the education of their chil. certificates at three per cent. interest. The amonot dren an absolute condition of their remainiog on of certificates outstanding is not to exceed one bun the plantations. Very few of them would work at dred million dollars, and they may be used as a reall, this year, on a place where no ecbool for the serve by the banks. The Colorado bill was taken tuition of their children will be in existence. So up, and, on the question to pass it over the Presi that this result, at least, has been secured, that the dent's veto, the yeas were twenty-four and the days benefit of a common education will be extended to a nineteen. Two-thirds not voting in the affirmative, large number of children of the oppressed race.the bill fell. A committee of conference was agreed The Nation. to on the compound-interest note bill. A bill was introduced providing that temporary buildings erected by the United States in the District of Columbia,

The Treasurer of Friends' Association for the Aid and now in use by the Freedmen's Bureau, should and Elevation of the Freedmen has received the fol. be continued in use of the Bureau during its contin

lowing amounts since last report :llance. The bill estau lishing a Department of Edu

From a Friend, West Philadelphia.......... $30.00 cation was passed without amendinent, and goes to

1 1 Rachel Haines, Falleton, Md.............. 10.00

6 Friends of Makefield Pre. Meeting...... the President.

51.00 House,—A bill was iutroduced to establish a

1 Concord, Delaware Co........ 20.00 National S:bool of Science. The joint resolutions

16 Mullica Hill Freedmen's Relief.......... 33.70 of the Wisconsin Legislature, ratifying the consti. tutional amendment, were presented. A resolution

$144.70 was offered inetructing the Ways and Means Com. Also seeds from Letitia S. Cadwallader; clothing mittee to inquire into the expediency of providing from Ed. Hoopes and R. Downing; box of clothing for the issue of five per cent. bonds to the amount from ladies of Pennville, Bucks Co., Pa.; two bags of five hundred million dollars, principal and inte- from Mullica Hill Relief Association. rest payable at such places as the Secretary of the

HENRY M. LAING, Treasurer, Treasury may prescribe, to be disposed of only ig! 3d mo. 2d, 1867.

No. 30 Third St.

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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKB FAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; TOR SHE IS THY LIFE."

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 16, 1867.

No. 2.

.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION
OF FRIENDS.

CONT ENTS.

Selections from the Writings of John Barclay....
COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

Be not Weary in Well Doing.....
MADE TO

Letter to “ Friends' Social Lyce
EMMOR COMLY, AGENT,

Parent and Child..... ................................. 23 At Pablication Office, No. 144 North Seventh Street,

Aspirations to be Rich.................................
Residence, 809 North Seventeenth Street.

EDITORIAL............
Open from 9 A.V. until 5 P.M,

OBITUARY.................................................. TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. Friends' Social Lyceum..................................... The paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per POETRY.................................................. anpum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10.

Letter to Friends' Associatton for the Aid and Elevation of the Agents for Clabs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.

Freedmen .......

........................... 30 The Portage on this paper, paid in a lvance at the office where It is received, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Review of the Weather, &c., for Second Month............... 81 AGENTS - Joseph S. Coha, Nero York.

An Extinct Race...........

....... 31 Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Report of Forwarding Committee for Second month, 1867.... 31
Bepj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
ITEMS.........

...... 82 James Bayues, Ballimore, Md.

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SELECTIONS FROM TOE WRITINGS OF JOHN concera, though without a certificate ; he knew BARCLAY.

not why, but wished to leave it with Friends :

they fell in with it, and then I named how it (Continued from page 3.)

had been with me; when it was fully united 1827. Ninth month 17th.—Left home with with. We went; and I trust the work of the certificate granted me by our Monthly Meeting,

48Lord prospered by our giving up thereto. I to visit the meetings in Berkshire, Bedford

ford have been favored to get along very simply,

without reasonings, forethought, or after reckamptonshire.

opings; all is made good to me, and my soul [Extracts from bis letters written when on

| dwells in a calm, easy way, not over careful this service are here subjoined.]

about any thing. The Lord does all things WICOMBE, 20th of Ninth month, 1827. well in and for me, and I have no lack, though We reached Reading in time for the Select nothing to boast of, yet nothing to complain of, Meeting, where was T. B. I was favored to blessed be the pame of the Lord ; and may my unspeakable comfort, to break through the thy soul continue in this acknowledgment, yea load by wbich I have seemed to be enveloped more and more; for what can we render? for a long season, and had to declare of the Time would fail me to say all I could of his gooddess of the Lord, and I trust something of mercy to me, even these few days back; 80 the simplicity of the gospel, greatly to my that I hope I may humbly say, all is well, and peace of mind; that season appearing like an that I am in the line of duty. My prayer is, earnest of future belp and guidance. J. P. that when favored to meet again, we may be w33 there, and he and I went hand-in-hand, enabled to build one another up in every thing being greatly favored in being so one in our good; and more and more abound therein, to line of labor. The next day I had, in some our niutual comfort, to the apimating of others, degree, to take the lead ; others confirmed the and to tbe praise of Him who has done great word to my humbling admiration at the conde- things for us, in helping and sustaining; 80 scension and wisdom of our Holy Read. Ontbat we have not been utterly consumed, sitting down in the second meeting, a sudden though deserving notbing short of it. Fareexereise came over me about going into the well. women's meetiog, which, endeavoring well to

To M. B. sift, I thought it might be passed by, unless some other had a similar feeling; when preg BERKHAMSTBAD, 25th of Ninth month, 1827. eatly after J. P. rose, and said he had such a! I feel sometimes a very poor creature; but

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