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She has closed her pight school, as the even-' out to service unless their employi és agree to ings have grown so much shorter ; but she is so give them lessons daily. I know of one who much interested in her pupils she expects "to could not be induced to live with the lady who meet with them once a week to read to them, wanted her until writings were drawn to that and to help them along a little. It will not do effect." to leave my sheep without a shepherd, for the Allusion is also made to their amusing enwolves are even now prowling about, in the deavors to use "big words.” None of her shape of wily politicians.”
pupils are allowed to leave their seats without FRANCES E. GAUSE, who has labored so ia- permission ; but one of them who did, volundefatigably at Frying Pan, Fairfax Co., to tarily made an acknowledgment io these words: build up a good school, has succeeded admira- “ Cato left his seat without commission." A bly. ller pupils progress rapidly, and MAJOR zealous old man, who always prays very ferHines, the Government Superintendent of that vently for her, made an appeal on one occasion county, has more than once expressed himself as follows: “O Hebbenly Fader, bress our boo. as looking upon it as one of the best schools in tiful schoolmistress, a very bootilul lady,his district. She speaks of one of her pupils nothin but a mass ob corruption!" about 10 years of age, who, she thiuks, will SARAH E. LLOYD, at Woodlawn. -- This soon be able to assist her.
school is unusually prosperous, and reflects CATHARINE E. Hall, at Andreu's Chapel, great credit on the exertions of the teacher. says, “My school is doing, I think, quite as She has now 90 pupils enrolled, 51 of whom well as the Association could wish. I am much can write; 63 are between 6 and 16 years
of pleased with the rapid progress of my. pupils, in age, and yet not one in the alphabet! all their studies, as well as the interest they take MARTIA WRIGHT, at Lewansville. - This in their school duties."
school has increased rapidly, and now numbers HANNAI SHORTLIDGE, at Big Falls, says, 62 pupils, 51 of whom wiite, while there are "My school continues pleasant, and, with one none in the alphabet! or two exceptions, the pupils are improving DEBORAL K. Smith, at Gum Springsvery rapidly. I think I shall have a very in- No report has been received for the present teresting school this summer. There will be month, but from a letter received by a member some changes, as a portion of my largest pupils of the committee, it is believed to be in a proswill have to leave; but I am in bope others perous condition. will take their places."
Mary K. Brosius, at Vienna, acknowledges Eliza E. Way, at Falls Church, who has the box of supplies sent her, and says, “ I feel a school of seventy four pupils, writes: “I think very grateful to koow we are not forgotten by I may say my school is progressing finely, con our friends at home. We have some friends sidering the number of scholars. I cannot de here, too, that we can depend on. We have vote as much time to any of the classes as I not yet removed into our new house. I have think they need, and should have, although I almost to stack my scholars; while some write, frequently bave some of the scholars to assist I let the others go out to make room. I do not me."
like to turn any off, as some will be compelled It may be well here to remark that the As- to leave as soon as spring work commences." sociation encourages this kind of assistance in referring to the little boy and girl sometimes wherever practicable, and several are now under spoken of, she says: "My little favorite has moderate pay for their services.
not been coming very regularly for the last After speaking of the great difficulty in get- two months, because he had no shoes; but ting to and from school during the winter on whenever he does come, he goes from the foot account of the condition of the roads, she says: to the head of the class in the first lesson, and “ One morning I started, and could only get there he stays. The little girl is a good reader, about half way. There I stopped at a colored is spelling in five syllables, and writes in a copy mau's house and had school, as several of the book. children had gone that far, and were not will SARAH ANN STEER, at Waterford, reports ing to go home again, without saying a lesson.” her assistant (colored) very ill with typhoid
DIARY McBride, at Fairfax Court House, fever, with doubts as to her recovery. In rof. writes : I have no prodigies to tell of, unless erence to the capacity of the negro race for I meution a little ebony hued girl of seven acquiring knowledge, she says, “ I am often years, who can read any thing that is set before asked the great question, Can the negro learn her. She reads a weekly newspaper to ber any thing and instead of answering it my. mother every week; and as said paper contains self, sometimes feel like referring the guests to some very long words, I think Mintie does re
some of my pupils who came to me less than a markably well for a child of her years.” To year ago, ignorant even of the alphabet; and show the iofluence our schools have already ex- thus leiting them judge for themselves bus erted, she states : “ The girls will not now go I much they are capable of acquiring. I have
not in my school any very remarkable instances
TEACHINGS OF NATURE. of precocity, such as I notice in some accounts | Look on this beautiful world and read the truth from other teachers; neither have I one that is in her fair page; see, every season brings incapable of learning. I have not had one in New change to ber of everlasting youth; the alpbabet for some months. All who com
Still the green soil with joyous living things
Swarms; the wide air is full of joyous wings; menced with their letters iu the fall, are now (3d And myriads still are happy in the sleep mo. 3d) spelling and reading in the spelling Of ocean's a zure gulfs, and where he flings book. Some of them are men grown, and I am the restless surge. Eternal love doth keep, surprised at the ease and rapidity with which In bis complacent arms, the earth, the air, the deep. they get along, particularly with Arithmetic. Will, then, the merciful One, who stamped or race The Multiplication Table, which is a great buy-le
With his own image, and who gave them i bear to most, has been perfectly learned in a
O'er earth, and the glaid dwellers on her face,
Now that our swarming nations far away few weeks by some who did not know one fig
Are spread, where'er the moist earth drinks the ure from another. I have a boy eighteen years
day, of age who has advanced as far as Federal Forget the ancient care that taught and nursed Money.
His latest offspring? Will he quench the ray She also speaks of the “ Circular Letter"
w Infused by his own forming smile at first,
And leave a work so fair all blighted and accursed ? having been so warmly welcomed by those to whom it was addressed, and of the reply they
Oh no! a thousand cheerful omens give sent to the Association, which was all their own
Hope of yet bappier days, whose dawn is nigh.
He who has tamed the eleipenta shall not live work, witbout any assistance from her. The The slave of bis own passions ; he whose eye boy who wrote it scarcely misses a word in his Unwinds the eternal dances of the sky, spelling lessons, but made some errors in his And in the abyss of brightne33 dares to span address, and when she questioned him how it!
The suu's broad circle, rising yet more high,
In God's magnificent works his will shall scan, bappened, bis reply was, “Miss Sarah, when And love and peace shall make their paradise with I went to write I was so scared I forgot how
man. to spell !!
- Wm. C. Bryant, Recent letters from some of our faithful teachers in South Carolina have been received,
CONFIDENCE. but one not in the hands of the complier. The child leans on its parent's breast, Three of the schools have been regularly re
Leaves there its cares, and is at rest; ported, and continue in a very prosperous con.
The bird sits singing by its nest, dition. The remaining two (at St. Helena)
And tells aloud
His tru-t in God, and so is blest have not been officially heard from, which is a
'Neatb every cloud. matter of regret, as it prevents presenting our
He has no store, he sows no seed, aggregate report for that section.
Yet sings aloud and doth not heed; Susan H. CLARK, at Fortress Monroe grate
By flowing stream or grassy mead fully acknowledges the reception of the last
He sings, to shame box of supplies, as well as the contribution of
Men who forget, in time of need, money froin private sources forwarded her, all
A Fatber's name. coming at a very opportune moment, and ena
The heart that trusts, forever sings, bling her to alleviate much suffering.
And feels as light as it had winga;
A well of peace within it springs, Believing an advantage would arise to all
Come good or ill; parties from a visit of encouragement to our Whate'er to-day-to-morrow bringsteachers, and personal intimacy with the Freed
I is bis will. men themselves in the respective vicinities of
-- British IIerald. our schools, Edith W. Atlee and Henry W.
The trivial round, the common task, Laing were selected for the purpose.
Afford us all we ought to ask: They are at the present moment of writing
Room to deny ourselves; a road engaged in the fulfilment of their mission, and
To lead us daily nearer God.” from them we look for an interesting report and much information that will be valuable to CHRISTIAN COURTESY. -The love and admi. us in the future, as respects the continuance of ration which that truly brave and loving man, our schools.
Sidney Smith, won from every one, rich or Philadelphia, 4th mo. 24, 1867. J. M. E. poor, with whom he came in contact, seems to
me to have arisen from the one fact that, withDo good, and lend, hoping for nothing again: out perhaps having any such conscious intercarry the crystal of truth in the haod unsullied : tion, be treated rich and poor, his own servants walk with one hand clasped in Christ's, the and the noblemen his guests, alike, and alike other reaching down for the comfort and sus-courteously, considerately, cheerfully, affectiontenance of “ Whatsoever beneath us may creep ately'; so leaving a blessing and reaping a blessor cling.”— Winslow.
ing wheresvever ho went. - Charles Kingsley.
Extract from a Lecture delivered by PROF. AGAS- | argument upon this point. I will only sum up
siz in Cooper Institute, New York, 2d mo. my evidence in a few sentences. The physical 26th, 1867, on the Monkeys and Native In- | causes are the same now as they were before. habitants of South America.
Chemical agencies, physical agencies, act now (Concluded from page 127.)
as they have acted from the beginning. We Here let me call attention to another fact. have the evidence of this in the identical charIs it because nature has undergone successive acter of the rocks of the older and more recent changes that animals and plants have made formations; we have evidence of it in the chetheir appearance? or is it the physical change mical identity of the materials of which cewhich has called into existence these living lestial bodies are formed, of which the more beings? or have the physical changes as they recent investigations of physicists have given have taken place been directed in such a man- us satisfactory demonstrations. The pbysical ner as to prepare the home upon which living world remains the same. The laws which govbeings could be distributed in a manner ern it remain the same, and from the beginning suited to the conditions prevailing on the until now they have acted in the same way. earth? The question is simply this: Has the Are, then, the different animals which have ex. physical world in all its changes been produc- isted at different times, and which differ in the tive of the organic world, or has there been most varied manner, the result of causes which an intellectual power superintending the whole do not vary, which act ever in the same manin such a manner that the physical condition ner? This is co-trary to all argument, conshould be brought about by which the living itrary to any evidence we bave. We cannot being should fiod an appropriate home for ascribe diversified results to uniform causes. their growth? In other words, has man We cannot ascribe the cause of certain facts to sprung upon earth because our earth bad agencies the action of which is known to us. become what it was, or has the earth been pre- Physicists and chemists know perfectly well pared for man, that he might develop in that what electricity, what light, what magnetism way his capacities in the most appropriate man- can produce. They know perfectly well what ner upon its surface? If we look at the order are the possible combinations between chemiof the succession of vertebrates, we find an cal elements; and they know perfectly well answer to that question. We find, first, that that these various combinations and these vari. fishes have existed as long as the surface of this ous causes are different from the causes whose earth was in the condition during which all effects we witness in the animal kingdom. these aquatic animals could alone exist. Then Therefore I say that it is not logical to ascribe reptiles have been called into existence, just at the diversity wnich exists among living beings the time when the land above the sea had be- to causes which exbibit uniformity of nature come extensive enough to put forth a proper and uniformity of action. I can conceive only abode for the large masses of reptiles at the one possible cause, and that is the intervention earliest periods. We fiad afterward the io tro- of mind in such a way that it shall produce duction of birds at the time when our atmos- what we have seen. We know perfectly well phere had been deprived of its accumulation of how the human mind acts—how free it is; and carbon, before which birds could not breathe. how in its manifestation we recognize the The accumulation of coal in beds, in the car. stamp of him who manifests himself. In the bociferous period, freed the atmosphere of this works of the bighest intellect, we recognize the element which has existed in such a proportion peculiar mode and manner in which his mind at our earlier period that the existence of manifests itself. In the poet, in the painter, warm blooded animals would have been impos- in the architect, in the sculptor, at all times sible. Here is a physical fact that precedes tbe we see this manifestation. Now why should we introduction of these living beings which re- not have sometbing of the same kind in Naquired a purer atmosphere. Now the question true ? Mind is not a manifestation of matter. is, has this freeing of the atmosphere of the car. It is something independent of it. To the exbon been the cause of the coming in of the tent to which we know its freedom, to the exbirds and mammalia, or have the processes of tent to which we can maintain independence Dature been su conducted by a surprising in- of certain influences, to that extent, and in a tellect that at a certain time the atmosphere similar manner, do I conceive the intervention should be free of its impure matter, that of mind in the production of living beings for higher forms of being might be called into ex- all time, upon a plan laid out and carried out istence? When we see that there is such a from the beginning, with reference to an end, gradation, and when we find that there are no and that there is that reference to an end, and intermediate forms, it seems bardly possible that that the end is man, is seen in the relation which causes and influences which are ever acting in man bears to the lowest vertebrata, the fisbes the same way should have produced this result. Tbat there is a reference to man is seen
I wish I had time to enter into an elaborate from the gradation which we observe through
with the egg.
OILING THE SEA.
all times, from the beginning to the end. That His, by virtue of which alone we can underthis cannot be the result of merely physical stand vature. Were we not made in the image conditions is further shown by the fact, which of the Creator, did we nut possess a spark of is constantly recurring, of the transformations that divine spirit which is a goulike inheritavce, reproduced every day through the whole ani- why should we understand nature? Why is it mal kingdom, in the production of new indi- that nature is not to us a sealed book ?' It is viduals. And here I come to the closing evi. because we are akin to the world, not only the dence I would submit. All living beings are physical and the animal world, but to the Creaborn of eggs, and developed from eggs. All, tor himself, that we can read the world and end their growth in changes which have begun understand that it comes from God.
Every successive generation begins anew with this egg. Since there have been men or quadrupeds on earth, since animals in spring, than there will be apples in autumo.
There are many more blossoms upon a tree have existed, they have reproduced in every Yet'we are glad to see blossoms, because we generation all the changes in their growth ani know that if there are no blossoms, there can transformation which are characteristic of their
be no fruit. race. Now, see what this amounts to. There are several hundred thousand different kinds of animals of the different types living on this globe. Every one of them has its line of
An experienced sea captain writes that he development. Every sparrow begins with the has been at sea for twenty-eight years, the masegg, and goes through all the changes which ter of a vessel for the last ten years, and during are characteaistic of sparrow life, until it is that time he saved the vessel under his command capable of producing new eggs, which will go twice by "oiling the sea." He writes, that, through the same change. Every butterfly
5 when the master of a ship cannot get out of a comes from the egg, which produces the cater storm—that is, when a ship is disabled and te pillar, which becomes a chrysalis, and then a has to take the best of the gale—if he has oil a butterfly, laying eggs to go through the same
on board, start two or three gallons over the changes. So with all animals, whether of side of the ship. This will give the ship smooth higher or lower type. In fact, the animal water to the windward, and then the oil allowed kingdom, as it is now, is undergoing greater to run drop by drop is all that is required, for changes every year than the whole animal as soon as the sea comes in contact with the oil kingdom has passed through from the begin- it breaks, and the ship is in smooth water as piog until now; and yet we never see one of long as the oil is allowed to run.
In 1861, in these animals swerve from the plan pointed the beaviest gale of wind I ever saw, I lost all out, or produce anything else than that which my sails, then the rudder; and I know the is like itself.
veseel could not have ridden the sea for an hour This is the great fact. Every being repro- if I had not had oil on board. Five gallons of duces itself, under cooditions which are
oil lasted me fifty six hours, and this saved the varied as they have been from the beginning of vessel, cargo, and lives on boord. Let ships of the world until now; and yet they do not change.
beavy tonpage have two iron tanks of forty gal. Why is this? Because by nature they are not lons each, one on each side, with faucet so®archangeable. That is what we must infer. And ranged that the oil can be started at any time; if those which live now are not changeable, and small vessels, ten-gallon tanks, and all ship's do not pass from one to another, though they boats tanks of five gallons each, well filled, so represent all the changes which animals can
that in case the ship founder or burn, the boats pass throvgh, is it logical to assume that those will have oil to smooth the sea in case of a gale. of early ages have become what we see now in With these tanks of oil on board of ships and a consequence of changes in successive genera good man for master-one who knows the laws tions? Have the laws of nature changed in of storms and bardles his ship so as to get it such a manner that what does not take place out of the centre of the storm --you will have no now bas taken place in early times? I say, no.
more foundering of good ships at sea, with the I say, just as the cyele which every animal loss of many lives and millions of money." passes through in its development from the egg
Scientific American. to its perfect condition, returns to the plan impressed upon that animal by the Creator, just Have the courage to prefer comfort and pro80 have the various forms, the remains of which priety to fashion, in all things. we find preserved in the rocks, been from the Have the courage to acknowledge your ignobegioning the steps through which it has rance, rather than to seek credit for knowledge pleased the Creator to carry the animal king- under false pretences. dom up to man, that being made in His own Have the courage to provide entertainment image, who is endowed with a spirit akin to for your friends within your means-not beyond.
(From the Dublin Correspondence of the London Times.) or control the development of those faculties to AN EXTRAORDINARY MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT which, as if by way of compensation, Provi-A CURIOUS STATEMENT.
dence has vouchsafed to impart extraordinary "As the gentleman who has just been elected power, energy and acuteness. His literary taste one of the Parliamentary Representatives of he has gratified in the fullest exteut; and the Wexford County, is the most remarkable man Cruise of the Eva, published a short time since, who has ever occupied a seat in the House of testifies that he is a writer graceful, rivacious, Commons, it may be interesting to your readers and observant. The book, which is most certo know something of Arthur MacMurrough tain evidence of an ability far above mediocKavanagh. I use no exaggerated phrase when rity, was illustrated by sketches taken by I describe him as not merely the most remark- himself during his cruise. His mode of writing able,' but, I might truthfully say, the most ex is simple, but must have been attended with traordinary gentleman who has, during the great trouble before he attained the proficiency present century at least, entered Parliament. which he unquestionably has. He holds the With his political proclivities and bis religious pen or pencil in his mouth and guides its predispositions I do not intend to occupy your course by the arm-stumps, which are sufficiently space, or your reader's attention. That he is long to meet across the cbest; and thus he proa Tory of the most constitutional bue, you and duces a handwriting, each letter of which is they are aware; and, notwithstanding that his distioctly formed, and all without any peculiar. Protestantism is of the sererest class, Mr. ily, or what is called 'character.' When hunt. Kavanagh is extremely popular, and by his nu-ing, he sits in a kind of saddle-basket, and his merous and prosperous tenantry is beloved and reins are managed with an expertness and an sincerely respected; for he admits, in the ad. ease that are surprising; but, perhaps, the ministration of his large estates in Wexford, greatest of his achievements is driving a fourKilkenny, and Carlow, thar 'properly has its in-band.' This he does to perfection, and as duries as well as its rights. The honorable his team scampers away at a dashing pace, the gentleman, I understand, claims descent from sharp crack of his whip may be heard far off. the great MacMurrough, who, in the person of “Thus, I think, I have stated enough to esEva MacMurrough, the wife of Strongbow, first tablish the right of the model county' of Ire. coalesced with the proud invader,' and sought land to claim the distinction of having sent to to establish that union and amalgamation of the Parliament the most extraordinary man that two races which still engrosses the studious at-obtained a seat in the Commons of the United tention of Britisb statesmen. Mr. Kavanagh Kingdom, during at least the present century. has neither legs nor arms. He was born in In bis case the House will have to grant some this unfinished fashion, and in place of legs, he indulgences. As his locomotion is effected by has about six inches of muscular thigh-stumps, his attendant carrying bim, some other than an one being about an inch shorter than its fellow honorable member' must be admitted within --while his arms are dwarfed to perhaps four the bar' whenever Mr. Kavanagh takes bis inches of the upper portion of these members, seat; for, I opive, the gallant Conservative and those are unfurnished with any terminations whipper.in (Col. Taylor) would not wish, howapproaching in the remotest degree to the form ever anxious he might be for a · House,' thus of hands. Yet your readers will be surprised to testify his anxiety to assist his party and to bear that he is a beautiful caligraphist, a carry it safely through. Then, how is the hondashing huntsman, and artistic draftsman, an orable member from Wexford to record his unerring shot, and the most expert of yachts. vote? ln bis drawing-room be contrives, men--a combination of accomplishments, under hedgehog like, to roll from place to place. This, the circumstances of his corporal imperfections, I fancy, would pot be practicable in the House; that is certainly astonishing.
and, as 'strangers' cannot be admitted on such “In face and bust Mr. Kavanagh is of a sacred occasions, I fear Col. Taylor will bave to maply, handsome mould ; fine, well- marked fea- add the duty of locomotive, to those onerous tures, and eyes beaming with intelligence, leav- ones which, even with more gifted members, he ing po doubt that, though the body has been oftentimes finds it difficult to discharge. Again, unfortunately shorn of its fair and legitimate cate and important oculistic operation of proportions, the miod is full, capacious, and when Mr. Kavanagh succeeds in that very deli. well-developed. He is now about forty years catchiog the Speaker's eye,' will he be priviof age, and a large family of as handsome chil. leged to address Her Majesty's faithful Com. dren as could be found in this teeming and pro- mons sitting? for should he stand, he will be lific country, has blessed bis union with a lady invisible; or perbaps, he will be allowed to as remarkable for her beauty as she is beloved stand upon his seat and thus obtain an eminence for her aaniability and consideration. Endoved and a commanding position. with a healthy mind, Mr. Kavanagh has not “The energy of the man may be gathered permitted his physical afflictions to mar, curb from the fact that some twenty years ago be