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bigb thoughts, and lays the soul like white pa. William Penn by the Indian Sachems as a per under God's pen.--Henry.
pledge that they would faithfully observe the
conditions of the treaty which the illustrious THE DEATH OF GRANVILLE JOHN PENN, ESQ. Quaker had made with them. This belt still
Granville Jobo Peon, Esq., the great grand remaios in the custody of the Historical son of William Penn, the Proprietary of Peon Society. sylvania, died in London on the 29th ult. Mr. Granville John Penn was a thorough gentlePepo was the eldest surviving son of Granville man, a most amiable man, a warm and constant Penn, Esq., of Stoke Pogis, who was the eldest friend, a devout Christian, and an accomplished son of Thomas Pepo, one of the joint Pro- scholar. His father, Granville Penn, of Stoke prietaries of Pennsylvania. Thomas Penn was Pogis, was the author of a life of Sir William the eldest son of William Penn, by his second Penn, a work on Mosaical Geology, a translawife, Hannah Callowhill. The only surviving tion of the Testament under the tiile of " The descendant of the founder of the Common- New Covedant,” and other works of some merit. wealth, who bears the name of Peon, is an un- Granville John Penn was unmarried. His married brother of the late Granville Jobin sursiving brother, who is also a bachelor, is in Peon, who was also a bachelor. There are feeble health, so that the name of Penn, several descendants of the fonnder, however, around which so many interesting associations of other names, among whom may be men- linger in the heart of every Pennsylvanian, tioned Lord Northland, Lady Gomm, and the will probably soon be extinct.-Ev. Bulletin. Peon Gaskill family, of this city. There are also some descendants of Penn, of
For Friends' Intelligencer.
Father in Heaven, I ask thy aid,
To guide me ibrough the coming day, of Archbishop Stuart and Sophia Margaret To bless me in the pathway made Penn, daughter of Richard Penn, joint Pro- For those who rest beneath thy shade, prietary of Pennsylvania. The Stuarts have in And walk the narrow way. their possession a massive gold chain, pre- Father, all hallowed be thy name; sented by the city of Loodon to Admiral Sir Thy kingdom, may it be supreme; Wm. Peon, father of Wm. Penn, the founder Thy will be done, with all I claim,of Pennsylvania. Mr. Granville John Peon
On earth as ficaven be it the same,inherited Stoke Pogis, a magnificent estate;
Thy boundless Love my theme. but it was so incumbered, that he was obliged
Tois day I ask for bread from thee,
To nourish into parer life, to sell it, and also to transfer his life-interest
So that thy glory I may see, in the pension of £4,000 per annum, settled on And thus from stains of earth be free, the lineal representative of the founder in the And free from outward strife. male line, in consideration of the transfer of Father, forgive me for the wrong the Proprietary rights to the Crown-a trans- I may have done to friend or foe, fer made sbortly before the Revolucion. When And graut my heart may yet be strong making the transfer, however, the Penns re- To yield in meekoess to the throng served the manors scattered through the State,
That strikes its worldly blow. and their private property in Philadelphia. Ohi lead me not where tempting snares The interests of the Proprietaries were repre
Can draw me from the light within; sented here first by James Logan, afterwards by
Deliver me, when uvawares
My erring footstep downward bears,
Father! I crave thy tender care
For those that near me stand ; remains only “Solitude," near the wire bridge Ob! wilt thou listen to my prayer, at Fairmount, and a few ground rents.
That wife and children with me share Very many Pennsylvanians will remember All goodness from thy hand. the visits to this city and State paid by Mr. 7th mo. 24th, 1866. Granville John Penn, in 1851, and at a subsequent period. On the occasion of both visits,
A DREAM OF SUMMER. he received the attentions due him as the representative of the Founder of the State. On
Bland as the morning breath of June his first visit, be was formally received by the
The southwest breezes play; city authorities in Independence Hall.
And, tbrough its baze, the winter noon At the time of his second visit, he pre
Seems warm as summer's day. sented to the Historical Society of Pennsyl
The snow-plumed Angel of the North
Has dropped his icy spear; vania, the belt of wampum, which is believed
Again the mossy earth looks forth, to be the identical article which was given to Again the streams gush clear.
BY JOHN G. WHITTIER.
The fox his bill-side cell forsakes,
they are thus brought up, though they may The muskrat leaves his nook,
hare been in the water a day or more, they are The blue bird in the meadow brakes Is singing with the brook.
all living, though half drowned and barely “ Bear up, O Mother Nature !” cry,
able to move. Wbile in the well they are all Bird, breeze, and streamlet free,
afloat, and at least one-half of the mass sub"Our winter voices propbesy
merged. As it is known that this species of Of summer days to thee !”
ant cannot survive 15 minutes under water, So, in those winters of the soul,
how they manage when in a half-supken mass By bitter blasts and drear,
to survive a day, or even longer, is a question O'erswept from memory's frozen pole, to which I may fail to give a satisfactory soWill sunny days appear.
lution. I may, however, from experiments I Reviving Hope and Faith, they show The soul its living powers,
have made with single individuals, in water, And how bepeatb the winter's snow
venture the assertion that there is no possible Lie germs of summer flowers !
chance for the subnierged portion of the globuThe Night is Mother of the Day,
lar mass, if it remain in the same condition in The Winter of the Spring,
relation to the water, to survive even half an Ard ever upon old Decay
hour. Then we are forced to the supposition The greenest mosses cling.
that by some means or other the ball must be Behind the cloud the starlight lurks,
caused to revolve as it floats. The globular Through showers the sunbeams fall; For God, who loveth all His works,
mass must be kept rolling, and make a revoluHas left his Hope with all.
tion every four minutes, or the submerged por
tion must die. To accomplish this somewhat ON THE AGRICULTURAL ANT OF TEXAS. astonishing life-preserving process, there is but (Concluded from page 106.)
one possible alternative. It can be effected I have not observed that anything preys to only by a united and properly directed systemany considerable extent upon this species of atic motion of the disengaged limbs of the ant. Chickens and mocking birds will some-outer tier of ants, occupying the submerged times pick up a few of them, but not often. half of the globular mass. If anything else in Texas eats them, I have not I saw to-day (June 15), in a clean trodden noticed it. Neither have I observed their nests path near my dwelling, quite a number of this bored into or dug up in middle Texas. species of ant engaged in deadly conflict. They
The agricultural ant is of but little disadvan- were strewed along the path to the distance of 10 tage to the farmer, however numerous, as it is or 12 feet, fighting, most of them, in single com. never seen six inches from the ground, nor bat. In some few cases, I noticed there would does it cut or trouble any growing vegetable be two to one engaged, in all of which cases outside of its paveinent, except the seeds of the the struggle was soon ended. Their mode of nosious weeds and grasses. Sometimes it is warfare is decapitation, and in all cases where found stealing corn meal, broomcorn seeds, &c.; there were two to one engaged the work of cutbut it is only when it finds them on the ground, ting off the bead was soon accomplished. There that it steals even these.
were already a number of heads and headless Children occasionally get on their pavement, ants laying around, and there were a greater and are badly stung. A few of these pavement pumber of single pairs of the insatiate warriors lessons, however, generally obviate that incon- grappling each other by the throat on the battlevenience. The pain of iheir poison is more field, some of whom seemed to be already dead, lasting, will swell and feel harder, than that of still clinging together by their throats. Among the honey bee. If they insert their stings on the single pairs in the deadly strife there were the feet or ankles of the child, the irritation no cases of decapitation. They mutually grapwill ascend to the glands of the inguinal region, pled each other by the throat, and there cling producing tumors of a character quite painful, till death ends the conflict, but does not sepaoften exciting considerable fever in the general rate them. I do not tbiok that in single comsystem; the irritation will last a day or two, bat they possess the power to dissever the but I have seen no permanent injury arising head; but they can grip the deck so firmly as from it.
to stop circulation, and hold on until death enDuring protracted spells of dry weather, sues without their unlocking the jaws even they are frequently found in great numbers in then. our wells. They seem to have gone there in The cause of this war was attributable to the pursuit of water, and pot being able to get settlement of a young queen in close proximity back, to make the best of a bad condition-in (not more than 20 feet) of a very populous this unforseen dilemma--they will collect and community that had occupied that scope of tercling together in masses as large as an ordinary ritory for ten or twelve years. At first, and so teacup, in which condition they are frequently long as they operated under concealment, the caught and drawn up in the bucket. When 'old community did not molest them; but when they threw off their mask, and commenced pav- Th extensive, clean, smooth roads that are ing their city, the older occupants of that dis- constructed by the agricultural ants are worthy trict of territory declared war against them and of being noticed. At this season of the year waged it to extermination. The war was de- their roads are plaidest and in the best order, clared by the old settlers, and the object was because it is harvest time, and their whole force to drive out the new ones or exterminate them. is out collectiog grain for winter supplies. I But the warriors of this species of ant are not to am just this moment from a survey of one of be driven. Where they select a location for a these roads, that I might be able to make an home, nothing but aodihilation can get them exact and correct statement of it. It is over away. So, in the present case, the war con- a hundred yards in length, goes, through twenty tinued two days and nights, and resulted in the yards of thick weeds, underruns heavy beds of total extermination of the intruding colony. crop grass 60 yards, and then through the weeds From the vastly superior numbers of the older growing io the locks of a heavy rail fence 20 settlers, though many of them were slain during yards more; and throughout the whole extent the war, they nevertheless succeeded in destroy- it is very smooth and even, varying from a ing the entire colony, without any apparent straight line enough, perhaps, to lose 10 or 12 disturbance or unusual excitement about the yards of the distance in travelling to the outer great city. Their national works and govern- terminus. It is from 2 to 24 inches wide; in mental affairs went on in their ordinary course, some places, on account of insurmountable while the work of death was being accomplished obstructions, it separates into two or three by their resolute bands of triumphant warriors. trails of an inch in width, coming together
They did not interrupt, in any way that I again after passing the obstruction. This is have discovered, the small black erratic ant, the main trubk, and does not branch until it when it comes on their pavement. They even crosses the before named fence, beyond which permit the erratic ants to erect cities on any is a heavy bed of grain bearing weeds and part of their incorporated limits, and do not grasses. Their prospecting corps travel far out, molest them. It may be that the little fellows and when they discover rich districts of their serve them some purpose. But when they build proper food they report it, and a corps of foratoo many of their confederate cities on the pave-gers are immediately dispatched to collect and ment of the agricultural ant, it seems to be an bring it in. inconvenience to them some way, but they do pot go to war with them, nor to rid themselves of the inconvenience by any forcible means. Extract from a Lecture delivered by Prof. AGAS. They, however, do get clear of them, and that siz in Cooper Institute, New York, 2d mo. by instituting a regular system of deceptive 26th, 1867, on the Monkeys and Native In. and vexatious obstructions. The deception is habitants of South America. manifested in the fact that it appears to have Take the different forms of brain which we suddenly become necessary to raise the mound have among men and you will find the variety two or three inches higher, and also to widen a little more or less developed ; pass from them the base considerably. Forthwith are seen to the monkeys and you will find this gradually swarming out on the pavement bosts of ants, receding, you will find that the cerebellum will who go rapidly to work, and bringing the little be uncovered very slowly, and then gradually black balls which are thrown up by the earth more and more. In fact, you have a complete worms in great quantities everywhere in the series, which shows that between man and prairie soil, they heap them up, first at the base monkeys, and monkeys and quadrupeds, and of the mound, widening till all the near erratic quadrupeds and birds, and birds and reptiles, ant cities are covered up. At the same time they and reptiles and fishes, there is an uninterraise the entire pavement an inch or so, and in rupted gradation of more or less complicated prosecuting this part of the national work de structures ; but with this remarkable peculiarposit abundantly more balls upon and around ity, that the distances from one to the other are the ant cities than anywhere else. The little unequal, that there is not that even gradation ants bore upwards through the hard sun-dried or that even succession, that from one stage to balls, which are constantly accumulating-get- the other the distance or the difference should ting worse every hour-antil the obstruction be perfectly uniform. There is always more or has become so great that they can no longer less distance from one to the other, and not keep their cities open; and, finding there is no equal in measure, in steps from any lower to remedy for the growing difficulty, they peace the next higher type. And now, in the order fully evacuate the premises. There is found of succession of animals, we find something simon almost every pavement, at this season of the ilar. Suppose I represent here the lowest level year, three or four pyramidal mounds, that have upon which any animal has existed upon the been constructed for the purpose of crowding surface of our earth, and here mark the name out the little erratic ants.
of the geological formations as they have fol.
From the N. Y. Tribune.
lowed one another [Illustrating on black-board.] on through all ages, and that under the direct from the azoic period, through the Salurian age, influences of creative power most all the differthrough the Devonian and carboniferous age, ences which exist have been brought about. the Permian, the triassic, the jurassic, the cre- These are generalizations. Now let us see what taceous, eocene, the miocene, the pliocene and the facts are, whether the German tran-mutathe present period, and here I represent by this tion doctrine comes Dearer to the fact, whether line the present surface of our earth, with all the English transmutation doctrine comes the varieties of animals living upon it, and here nearer, or whether the doctrine of special creawe have a compartment for the radiates, which tion comes nearer to the fact, and if the latter you may remember, constitute one of the great is the case, then I shall have proved my statetypes of the animal kingdom, and are divided ment that we are not the lineal descendants of into three classes—the polyps and jelly fishes, monkeys, but we are children of God. We are the star-fishes, sea urchins and the like. Here the chosen productions of an intellect; we are we have another compartment for the mollusks, made in his resemblance. I say these are inand among these mollusks we have also three terpretations. Let us see to the facts once core, classes—the bivalve shells, the univalve shells, and ascertain how close they come to the transand the chamber sbells, for we have here an- lation I have presented. Polyps have existed other compartment for the aritculates, and we from the begioning. They are found in the divide them into three classes : also the worms, geological formations, they are found through the crustact a, and the insects; and here we all geological formations, and they exist aow. have the last compartment for the vertebrates, Acalephs have been found in the oldest geologi. which also comprise three classes. The fishes, cal formations through all geological formatious, and they are subdivided into several classes, and they exist now; echinoderīns bave been which need not notice now; the reptiles with found in the oldest and through all geological their subdivisions, the birds, and the mamma. formations, and they exist now. So we have lia. Now we will inquire when were these ani three classes of radiates represented from the mals called into existence. Mark that the beginning. Lately a fossil has been discovered transmutation doctrine assumes that animals in Canada and described, which purpurts to be are derived from one another, and that there is the first animal living on earth. Whether it a primitive cell formed from which all animals be an animal is not even fully ascertained ; may have been evolved. The doctrine is that there are controversies upon that point, and all vertebrates are descended from one primitive within the last few months discussions have vertebrate, that all articulates are descended arisen in learned societies whether this Aozone from
primitive articulate, that all Canadensis was or was not the remains of a liv. mollusks are derived from one primitive ing being. I say, let us in such instances, when mollusk, that all radiates are derived from one there have been observations which are so far primitive radiate, and that those four primitive out of the path of all information obtained betypes are derived themselves from the primitive fore, reject these observations until they are so cell formed by the combination of those fortui-clearly sustained that there can be no doubt tous elements which are acting wherever light, about the fact. So I say, let the Aozone Canamoisture and watter are brought in contact with densis out of consideration, until it is known one another. It is the doctrine professed by that it was a living being, and until its strucMoleschott, by Carl Vogt, by Buchner, by ture is so far disclosed that some theory can be Czolbe, and by all those who have advocated predicted concerning its affinities. Among the transmutation doctrine, on the ground that mollusks we have bivalve shells existing from everything which exists has started spontane- the oldest time to the present day; and uni. ously from the formation of a primitive cell un. valve shells and chambered cells existing from der the influence of light acting upon matter. the oldest time to the present day. Among Moleschott's paper on the action of light upon worms we have those with solid covering up to matter in organizing beings is one of the most the present day; and among crustacea we have striking productions of that school. Darwin them from the oldest time. Among insects the and the English defenders of the transmutation first we find belong to the carboniferous period, doctrine present it in a somewhat different light. and not before. Then among vertebrates we They assume that the first impulse was given have, as I have shown you, fishes from the beby an intellectual power, and that this impulse ginning, notwithstanding the objection to the has resulted in an unfolding, in an evolution statement I made before. Then we bave repout of the first germs created, of all tbat bas fol. tiles from the carboniferous period. We bave lowed. The doctrine which I support is that birds either from the Triassic or the Jurassic it is not only the few which were started in the period—it is questionable which--and we bave beginning by a creative act, but the many, and mammalia also from that period. You see then that it was not at one time only that the crea- how many classes we had from the begioning, tion was limited, but that the creation has gone and how many of these were contemporaneous
with one another. Can it be said that animals, bis gradual progress ; and in the end may be which were contemporaneous were descendants the evidence of his highest culture, which at of one another, or that animals which appeared the same time he may record, if only for memtogether at the same time were derived one ory's sake, the doings of his early days by the from the other ? Certainly not. It is not so. side of the productions of his maturer years. It We have at least so many begionings as are is just that which we read in nature. We have representatives of these different classes in the the earlier manifestations of creative power, and earliest strata. But this is not all. The polyps we have the later and higher productions. And have existed from the beginning through all we have by the side of these later productions, ages; but the polyps of the earliest period are the reproduction, as it were, of wbat had been in among the lowest, while we have polyps of a the beginning. This is to be traced in the gasmuch higher grade living now. The acalephs teropods, of which we find the lowest forms of the oldest times are among the lowest, while here at present. It is the case with cephalo. we have acalephs of a much higher grade living pods, of which the earliest forms are here now; now. The echinoderms existing then were of and by their side are the nautili and all the vathe lowest order, while we have echinoderms of riety of cephalopods belonging to our day. a higher grade now. So it seems as if all these So it is with the worms. So it is with the types had been improving; as if they had un crustacea. So, I may say, it is also with the dergone changes, and as if those changes had insects, though that class begins only in the led successively to something higher. Sit carboniferous period. The fact that the insects seems, but it is not so; because while wo have begin only in that age is apotber indication of polyps now, which are superior to those which the working of mind in this process. For durformerly lived, we have by the side of them, ing the earliest periods of the earth's history polyps which are as low as the earliest known. the whole of its surface was covered with water. The functions and structures at the present time There was no land, no terrestrial animals. But are the same as those existing at the earliest when vegetation began to be extensive, and esepochs. The crinoids to day are as low as the ear-pecially terrestrial vegetation, we have the first liest known. Now, I would ask, what started these indication of land animals in the production of simple furms into a desire, and gave them a insects. capacity to become something bigber and to go
(To be continued.) on becoming higher, and at the same time what made them feel that they had done
THE POWER OF A GROWING TREE. enough in the direction of something higher ?
Walton Hall had at one time its own cornWhat gaye them the power at the same time
mill, and when that inconvenient necessity no to remain on the lower level? That is the longer existed, the will stone was laid in an orcharacter of the facts as we have them. have certain lowest forms rising gradually cular stone measured five feet and a half, while
chard and forgotten. The diameter of this cirbigber and higher, and we have the lowest its depth averaged seven inches throughout; its forms by the side of the higher at the same central hole had a diameter of eleven ioches. time. so that we should have, according to By mere accident, some bird or squirrel had the transmutation doctrine, beinge capable of dropped the fruit of the filbert tree through this changing themselves, and at the same time re-hole on to the earth, and in 1812 the seedling maining as they were ; at the same time, influ
was seen rising up through that unwonted ences which would produce a change, and which
chappel. As its trunk gradually grew through would prevent a change trom going on. I say this aperture and increased, its power to raise that is not ingical
, and that a doctrine which the ponderous mass of stone was speculated has facts against it so glaring, is not a true in: terpretation of nature. We have the same here upon by many. Would the filbert tree die in with the mollusks. We have the liogula, the would it lift it? In the end the little filbert
the attemptWould it burst the mill-, or lowest bivalse shell known to this day, while we tree lifted the mill-stone, and in 1863 wore it bave the brachiopods, the clams, the fresh like a crinoline about its trunk, and Mr. Waterwater muscles, of a higher type. What started the lingula to change to these other forms, and ton used to sit upon it under the braucbiag
shade.- English Puper. at the same time secured to it a condition in which it should not change? I do not koow a physical force, and I do not know a Let us live a life of delight in God, and love patural agency which is capable of producing to think of Him as we do of one whom we love such results. But I know that mind can do it. and value. Let the flowing in of every stream I know that when an author sets out to record of comfort lead us to the fountain, and in every the processes of his mind he can do it at every thing that is grateful to us, let us taste that the stage of perfection; he can do it in such a man Lord is gracious. Let the drying up of Der that the records may be the evidence of ls ream of comfort lead us to the fountain, and