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FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

"TAKE PAST HOLD OF INSTRUCTION; LET HER NOT GO; KEEP HER; FOR SHE IS THY LIFE."

VOL. XXIV.

PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 27, 1867.

No. 8.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION

CONTENTS.
OF FRIENDS.

Review of the Life and Discourses of F. W. Robertson....... 113 COMMUNICATIONS MUST BE ADDRESSED AND PAYMENTS

The Cheerful Girer.......

... 115 MADE TO Selections from the Writings of John Barclay.

116 EMBOR COMLY, AGENT, “The Puir Man's Bed”..........

118 At Publication Office, No. 144 North Sovonth Street, Henry Ward Beecher on Love.....

119 Open from 9 A.M. until 5 P.M, EDITORIAL

120 Residence, 809 North Seventeenth Street. OBITUARY.......

121 TERMS:-PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. Fourth Annual Report of 7Fends' Social Lyceum.

122 The Paper is issued every Seventh-day, at Three Dollars per usum. $2.50 for Clubs; or, four copies for $10. The Death of Granville John Penn, Rsq.

123
Agents for Clubs will be expected to pay for the entire Club.
The Postage on this paper, paid in advance at the office where
POETRY........

123 it is rec-ived, in any part of the United States, is 20 cents a year. Agricultural Ant of Texas..

124 AGENTS - Joseph S. Cohn, New York, Henry Haydock, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Extract from a Lecture delivered by Prof. Agassiz on the
Benj. Stratton, Richmond, Ind.

Monkeys and Native Inbabitants of South America....... 125
William H. Churchman, Indianapolis, Ind.
James Baynes, Baltimore, Md.
ITEMS

....... 128

BY SAMUEL M. JANNEY.

REVIEW OF THE LIFE AND DISCOURSES OFįtempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let
F. W. ROBERTSON:

us, therefore, come boldly to the throne of

grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace (Continued from page 99.)

to help in time of deed.The sympathy of Christ is a subject of con In his preliminary observations he says :templation from which many a devoted soul, in " The perfection of Christ's humanity implies every age of the Church, bas derived consola. that he was possessed of a human soul as well tion and encouragement. How often in seas as a human body. There was a view held in oos of affliction has the remembrance of his early times, and condemned by the Church as teoderness towards the repenting sinner, and a heresy, according to which the body of Christ his words of comfort to the bereaved mourner, was an external frame-work animated by Deity, come before the desponding disciple as a balm as our bodies are animated by our souls. What for the wouoded spirit, receiving hopes of hap- the soul is to us Deity was to Christ. His piness that had been almost extinguished. On body was flesh, blood, bones-moved, guided, such occasions we may justly draw the iofer- ruled by indwelling Divinity, ence that, if He who was replete with the Di “ But you perceive at opse that this destroys vine perfections was so merciful to the erring, the notion of complete humanity. It is not and so sympathizing with the afflicted in the this tabernacle of material elements which conday of his outward manifestation, he will stitutes our humanity; you cannot take the equally call for us in this day, and extend to us pale corpse from which lite has filed, and call the same consolations through the ministry of that man."

“ Humanity implies a the Spirit. The same Divine power that was body and a soul.” then manifested to heal the bodily infirmities Accordingly in the life of Christ we find and feed the hungry multitudes may now be two distinct classes of feeling. When he hunrelied on to heal the spiritual maladies and gered in the wilderness, when he thirsted on sustain the spiritual life of those who believe the cross, when he was weary by the well of and trust in him.

Sychar, he experienced sensations which belong This interesting subject has been treated to the bodily department of human nature. with ability in one of the discourses of Robert. But when out of iwelve be selected one to be son, entitled, “The sympathy of Christ." The His bosom friend, when he looked round upon text is Heb. iv. 15, 16--- For we have not a the crowd in anger, when the tears streamed high priest that cannot be touched with a feel-down his cheeks at Bethany, and when He reing of our infirmities; but was in all points coiled from the thought of approaching disso.

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lution, these-grief, friendship, fear—were not feel all, and shrink from them. Conceive tben sensations of the body, much less were they the a case in which the gratification of any one of attributes of Godhead. They were the affecthose inclinations was inconsistent with His tions of an acutely sensitive human soul, alive Father's will. At que moment it was uolawful to all the tenderness, and hopes, and anguish, to eat, though hungry; and without one tenwith which human life is filled, qualifying dency to disobey, did fasting cease to be severe ? Him to be tempted in all points, like as we It was demanded that he should endure anare."

. . . . . guish ; and willingly as he subdued himself, “But here a difficulty arises. Temptation did pain cease to be pain? Could the spirit of as applied to a Being perfectly free from ten obedience reverse every feeling of human nadencies to evil is not easy to understand. See ture? When the brave man gives his shattered what the difficulty is. Temptation has two arın to the surgeon's knife, will may prevent senses—it means test or probation; it means even the quiver of an eyelid; but no will and also trial, involving the idea of pain or danger. do courage can reverse his sensations, or preA common acid applied to gold tests it; but vent the operation from inflictiog pain. Wheo there is no risk or danger to the most delicate the heart is raw, and smarting froin recent begolden orpament. There is one acid, and oply reavement, let there be the deepest and most one, wbich tries it as well as tests it. The reverential submission to the Highest Will, is same acid applied to a shell endangers the deli. it possible not to wince? Can any cant decacy of its surface. A weight hung from a bar mand for submission extort the confession that of iron only tests its strength; the same de paio is pleasure? It seems to hare been in pending from a human arm is a trial in volving, this way that the temptation of Christ caused it may be, the risk of pain or fracture. Now, suffering. He suffered from the force of desire. trial placed before a sioless being is intelligible Though there was no hesitation whether to enough in the sense of probation ; it is a test of obey or not, no strife in the will-in the act of excellence, but it is not easy to see how it can mastery there was pain. There was self-denial; be temptation in the sense of pain, if there be there was obedience at the expense of tortured no inclination to do wrong. However, Scrip- Datural feeling. He sbrunk from St. Peter's ture plainly asserts this as the character of suggestion of escape from ignominy as from a Christ's temptation. Not merely test, but thing which did not shake his determination, trial.”

but made Him teel, in the idea of bright life, After quoting the texts He was “ without vividly the cost of his resolve. "Get thee besin," "holy, harmless, uodefiled, separate from hiud me, Tempter, for thou art an offence.” sioners," and again, “ The prince of this in the garden, unswervingly : “ Not as I will, world cometh, and hath nothing in me,” our but as thou wilt.” No reluctance in the will. attention is then called to another class of pas. But was there no struggling ? No shudder in sages, such as this: “He suffered being tempt the inward sensations? No remembrance that ed.” The question arises, how could this be the cross was sharp ? No recollection of the without any tendency to evil ?”

family at Bethany and the pleasant walk, and “ To answer this,” he proceeds, "let us the dear companionship He was about to leave ? analyze sin. In every act of sin there are two “ My soul is exceeding sorrowful to die." So distinct steps. There is the rising of a desire that in every one of these cases—not by the which is natural, and being natural is not reluctancy of a sinful sensation, but by the wrong. There is the indulgence of that desire quivering and the anguish of natural feeling in forbidden circumstances, and that is sin.” when it is trampled upon by lofty will-Jesus Take for example the natural sensation of hun. suffered, being tempted. He was "tempted ger. “Let a man have been without food ; let like as we are.Remember this. For the the gratification present itself, and the natural way in wbich some speak of the sinlessness of desire will arise involuntarily. It will arise Jesus reduces all his suffering to physical pain, just as certainly in a forbidden as in a per- destroys the reality of temptation, reduces that mitted circumstance. It will arise whether he glorious heart to a pretence, and converts the looks on the bread of another, or his own. And whole of His history into a mere fictitious it is not here, in the sensation of hunger, that drama, in which scenes of trial were represented, the guilt lies; but it lies in the wilful gratifi- not felt. Remember that "in all poiots” the cation of it after it is koown to be forbidden.” Redeemer's soul was tempted.”

“Sin, therefore, is not in the appetites, but “Till we have reflected on it, we are scarcely in the absence of a controlling Will.

| aware how much the sum of human happiness " Now, contrast this state with the state of in the world is indebted to this one feelingChrist. There was in him all the natural ap- synpathy. We get cheerfulness and vigor, petites of mind and body. Relaxation and we scarcely know how or when, from mere as. friendship were dear to Him; so were sunlight sociation with our fellow-men; and from the and lifr. bunger, pain and death. He could looks reflected on us of gladness and employ.

ment, we catch inspiration and power to go on,, cause made up of individuals. He “had comfrom human presence, and from cheerful looks. passion on the multitude;" but He had also The workman works with added energy from discriminating, special tenderness for erriug having others by. The full family circle has a Peter and erring Thomas. He felt for the strength and a life peculiarly its own. The despised, lonely Z rocheus in his sycamore tree. substantial good, and the effectual relief which He compassioned the discomfort of his disci. bien extend to one another is trifling. It is ples. He mixed his tears with the stifled sobs not by these, but by something far less costly by the grave of Lazarus. He called the abashed that the work is done. God has insured it by children to bis side. Amongst the numbers, as a much more simple machinery. He has given He walked, he detected the individual touch of to the weakest and the poorest power to con- faith—“Master, the multitude throng thee, and tribute largely to the common stock of gladness. sayest thou Who touched me.” “Somebody The child's smile and laugh are mighty powers hath touched me." in this world. When bereavement has left you Observe how He is toucheil by our infirmities, desolate, what substantial benefit is there which | --with a separate special discriminating love. makes condolence acceptable? It cannot re- There is not a single throb in a single human place the loved ones you have lost. It can be bosom that does not thrill at once with more stow upon you nothing permanent. But a than electric speed up to the mighty heart of warın hand has touched yours, and its thrill God. You have not sted a tear or sighed a told

you there was a living response there to sigh that did not come back to you exalted and
your emotion. One look, one human sigb, bas purified by haviog passed through the eternal
done more for you than the costliest present bosom.
could convey. And it is for want of marking The priestly powers conveyed by this faculty
this, that the effect of public charity falls often of sympathizing, according to the text, are two
Bo far short of the expectations of those who the power of mercy, and the power of naving
give. The springs of men's generosity are Grace to help. “ Therefore,” because he can
dried up by hearing of the repining, the envy, be touched, " let us come boldly, expecting
and the discontent which bave been sown by mercy and grace.”
the general collection and the provision estab These passages may suffice to give an idea of
lishment, among cottages, where all was har- Robertson's views in relation to the sympathy
mony before. The famine and the pestilence of Christ; one of the most interesting subjects
are met by abundant liberality; and the appar- that can claim our attention. The constitution
edt returor for this is riot and sedition. But of our minds is such that we cannot love fer-
the secret lies all in this. It is not in channels vestly, unless the attribute of love also exist in
such as these that the heart's gratitude can the object of our affections. Hence, the beauty
flow. Love is not bought by money, but by and propriety of the appellation applied to the
love. There has been all the machiuery of a Deity in the Lori's prayer—"Our Fatber in
public distribution, but there has been no exhi- Heaven." We are thus taught to think of
bition of individual, personal interest. The Him as a tender parent who watches over all
rich man who goes to his poor brother's cottage, his family with affectionate interest, and who
and without affectations of humility, naturally, I has given us, in his beloved son, a perfect pat-
and with the respect which man owes to man, tern of righteousness combining the qualities of
enters into his circumstances, inquiring about a merciful High Priest and a sympathizing
his distress, and hears his homely tale, has done friend.
more to establish an interchange of kindiy feel-

(To be continued.)
ing than he could have secured by the costliest
present, by itself. Public donations have their

THE CHEERFUL GIVER.
value and their uses. Poor laws keep buman

I stood this week by the remains of a young beings from starvation, but in the point of woman, who was a cheerful giver of all she had eliciting gratitude, all these fail. Man has not to the cause of God and man. been brought into contact close enough with teacher for many years in a primary school in mao for this. They do not work by sympa- this city; and she did not teach, as many do, thy."

"grudyingly and of necessity,” but put her "And now, having endeavored to illustrate whole heart into this work, and so ennobled it this power of sympathy, it is for us to remem- to a sacred mission. The poor little Irish chilber that of this, in its fulness, He is susceptible. dren were, to her, Christ's little ones, and each There is a vague way of speaking of the atone of them was precious to her; so that, systemment which does not realize the tender, affec- atizing her life, she had time every day, after tionate, personal love, by which that daily, school, to visit them in order at their homes, hourly reconciliation is effected. The sympathy taking the last first, and sweetly emphasizing of Christ was not merely love of meo in masses. with special tenderness those whose homes were He loved the masses, but He loved them be most forlorn, and whose surroundings least

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favorable. If they needed clothes or shoes, she the above service; acknowledging the good. always provided them,-going to generous people ness of the Lord in helping and sustaining him and telling each case ; and, as she knew all about on his way, and in favoring him with the reit, she never failed ; or, if she failed, she took ward of peace on his return home. He paid it from her own small salary, with which she visits to nearly all the families of the particular had other things to do besides taking care of meeting of Brighton, under circumstances as herself. So sbe was a providence to many little regarded his infirm state of health, calculated to children, who never knew any Christian love excite much sympathy on the part of his friends till they knew her's; and so she made her of that place; he entered house after house, school-house a divine temple, and ber work a supported by his crutches, and it is believed holy mission; and when she went, last week, his visits were peculiarly acceptable generally.] into the world, “ so far, so near,” her works

To preceded, attended, and followed her, because

Stoke NEWINGTON, 3d of Twelfth month, 1836. she a cheerful giver.-J. F. Clarke.

Ah! dear - Christian Register.

as thou well know

est, bome is home, after such engagements and SELECTIONS FROM THE WRITINGS OF JOHN this ouward state and lower region: and home

causes of absence from what is dear to us in BARCLAY.

is bome, in a higher and better sense, blessed (Continued from page 102.)

be His name, who maketh heaven a home; for [In the course of the summer and autumn of 1836, J. B. passed some time by the sea-side, refreshing to the poor, craving, iwmortal part ?

without Him, where is the rest, where is the with benefit to his general health. Whilst at These feelings, and such as these, while they Brighton in the Eleventh month, under an ap: moderate or sanctify the use of earthly objects, prehension of religious duty, he addressed his

heighten and refine. There is truly nothing Monthly Meeting as follows:]

bere worth living for, without the good presTo Gracechurch Street Monthly Meeting of ence of our “ Everlasting Father," but with Friends.

tbat, and in subjection and resignation to Him, BRIGHTON, 9th of Eleventh month, 1836. every thing is to be received with thanksgip. Dear Friends - In the love of our heavenly ing, and used with joyfulness,-come pain of Father, my soul at this time salutes his body, or conflict of mind, loss of wife or childfaithful children among you of all degrees, who ren, or dearest friends, or house, or food. This love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity, and is our calling, this is our privilege ; and Ob! can call him "Lord,” and bow before Him : that we may hold it up to others as such, both

J. B. desiring that an increase of all spiritual bless in life and in death! ings may be known amongst us through Him,

To a young Friend.
our Head and High Priest, and only hope of 24th of Twelfth month, 1836.-Rely upon it,
glory.

my
dear

these associates of thine, who-
It seems best for me to acquaint you, that ever they be, even if they stand high in general
while at this place for the benefit of my health, estimation, are no friends to thy true interests,
a weighty feeling of duty has revived and fas thy best welfare, however plausibly they reason.
tened on my mind, to pay a religious visit to the very circumstance of their endeavoring to
the Friends in this place from house to house ; undermine, or upset the almost unformed views
a work which, as regards & considerable por: of so young and artless a person, is a proof of
tion of this Qnarterly Meeting, I was enabled their unworthy purposes. By thy own account,
to perform some few years ago, but did not they are in the seat of the scoróful,” as David
then see my way further, so as to embrace this said; and when the subtle poison that is under
particular meeting, and a few others. Should their tongue, is in danger of being rejected and
you, on a solid consideration of my concern exposed, they can turn off the conversation with
and situation, think it right to make way at a laugh. But if thon art favored to withstand
this time for the relief of my mind herein, it their crooked twisting arguments, be also very
may be safest for me to request the liberty to careful lest their ridicule move thee in any wise
extend the family visit, should this seem re- from the serious ground, the safe, because
quired, to a few small meetings in this Quar- lowly, abiding place of the real Christian. My
terly Meeting

advice to thee is, avoid such company,

shuo Desiring we may be all kept patiently and such associates, trust not thyself to dispute diligently attentive to the voice of the true and with them; thou wilt not be like to get good by tender Shepherd,

it, nor to do them good, but to receive harm in I bid you affectionately farewell,

ways little suspected. Thou art not to be supJ. B.

posed, nor shouldst thou for a moment presume [In the Twelfth Month, he returned to his thyself competent to enter the lists of controMonthly Meeting the certificate granted for Iversy; it requires one to be well grounded,

7

rooted and settled in the right way, to meet all I were, when they found themselves estranged the objections and cavils that may be urged by from the world at large, and eccentric through persons of more or less corrupt and uncontrolled this process of following their convictions of winds, who despise the Truth and its simplic-duty, -should value this their privilege, and ity; yet who would, even with the semblance of these outward badges, which tend to keep up truth, beguile others from the reality of it. Ithis desirable distinction and separation from

“ Be not conformed to this world,” said the the world's spirit. But they never set up a Apostle, who knew that the fashions and cus-rule as to dress, or any particular color, cut or toms of it are vain, and pass away. To a miod fashion, on the same footing as the livery of disposed to avoid the very appearance and ap- the Monks, or religious orders of the Papists, proaches to evil, this text is alone sufficient to &c.; they only left off their ornaments, and induce a hesitation, a scrupulousness or tender such things as were a burden to them, as undeness; knowing that for every idle word hecessary and upsimple:-it was the ever change. must give an account, and that every thought able tide of fashion, which did the rest and in must be brought into subjection to Christ. Buttime caused their dissimilarity and strangeness these libertines, who would think their own to appear. But as to the bare assertion, that thoughts, and choose their own ways and words, George Fox and the early Friends would have and also wear their own apparel, must needs changed with the times, it is a conjecture have things so cleared up to their blinded and which has its origin in the mere caprice and darkened uoderstandings, that, like the lawyers, inclination of those who say so; and the conno express (much less in: plied) probibition of trary may be as flatly and broadly asserted upon Scripture, would have satisfied them: they far stronger grounds, even upon the actual facts would shuffle from it and fritter it away, bend of the whole tepor of their dissent, as exhibiting it to their own wills. Whereas the spirit ed in their lives, and especially in their writof Christianity testifies, and has ever testified ings. The common consent spoken of, is the agaiost such things, not only among Friends, very conformity they objected to,-a consent of but more or less, and in different ways and de worldly men, upon worldly principles,-not the grees, wherever sufficient clearness bas been consent of men redeemed from the earth. On arrived at, even from the earliest ages. Pic- the other hand, all that have ever rightly given ture to thyself any set of people raised up to a up to make a plain appearence, and to speak deep sense of religion, and carrying out their the plain language, &c., have done it on the watchfulness and self.denial to all branches of very same sound ground, and not merely be. their conduct, and endeavoring to follow that cause George Fox and others did it. They, the exhortation, “Be se holy in all mapper of con- truly convinced, have continued to feel on the versation,”—and whatsoever ye“ do in word or subject, as he did ; and though the instances deed, do all to the glory of God," &c. Would are rare, as the mercy is great, and the work they not soon come to be distinguished from marvellous, and no light and superficial one, other people, who follow the course of this such instances are yet from time to time occurworld, or who secretly yearn after their own ring; they are the result of cleansing the inside heart's lusts, and comfort themselves with try. of the cup, that the outside may become clean ing to think there is nothing in this and the also. My case is, I trust, one of these, and, other little thiog, and tbat religion does not perhaps, rather an unusual one: for I was consist in these things? Would they not soon brought up, as thou knowest, in the entire disfind themselves to be "a peculiar people," a use of, and I even cherished a real contempt singular people, a very simple people; - their for, such singularities ; until I came to see that outward appearance, their manners, their very there was “no peace to the wicked,”—and that gestures, restrained and regulated after a mode “great peace have all they who love”-"the totally contrary to the generality of those around law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus.” Then tbem? According to that striking passage in as I yielded my mind to be in all things led one of the Apocryphal writings, setting forth and guided thereby, nothing offended me but the language of the ungodly respecting the evil;—nothing seemed too hard to give up righteous, so will it be respecting such a unto, nor anything to be slighted as insigoifipeople or person as I have described—“He is cant, which in anywise contributed to this not for our turn, he is clean contrary to our heavenly peace and progress in what was es. doings; he was made to reprove our thoughts ; teemed so supremely excellent. The cross of he is grievous unto us even to behold; for his Christ, that yoke he puts upon his disciples, life is not like other men's, bis ways are of an was very easy and sweet ; and peace was the otber fashion."* Indeed it has never been any reward of being faithful in ever so little. It wonder with me, that a people gathered and settled is in this way I have been made ruler over and preserved as I have hinted at,-oras Friends more, and not by “despising the day of small

- things ;" which is the sure way, (as the Bible *See Wisdom of Solomon, ii. 12, 14, 15, 16. Itells us) of falling “by little and little:" of

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