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PLEASURES OF DEFEAT.
DR. STOCK REWARDED.
The notorious Dr. Stock, who made himself so conspicuous by his ridiculous attempt upon the University, at the last election, has received the pay of his service; he has been appointed judge of the Admiralty Court, vacant
by the removal of the late judge to the commissionership of the Ecclesiastical Board. Dr. Stock's claims to the preferment, consisted in his having harassed the constituency of the University by embarking in a fruitless and hopeless contest.
THE TITHE WAR.
sued through the Court of Exchequer ; but having contemned in that particular to obey,' he has been arrested, to have his body before the Queen's Court of Exchequer on the 9th of January next.' agency the present rebel' has been cap"This Mr. J. R. Price, through whose tured, has of late years taken a very prominent position amongst the Radicals of the Queen's county, and the self-styled 'friends of the people.' Mr. Price claims fellowship with Pat Lalor, the avowed exterminator of tithes in name and nature; he has been the guide and guardian of the good-natured nervous young man he has endeavoured to pitchfork into the House of Commons, as member for foremost, on every patriotic occasion, the Queen's County; and he has been amongst the radicals and levellers."
Mr. Fitzpatrick, the member alluded to above, of course, will advise a liberal donation to the tithe martyr.
We resume our catalogue of murders where it was interrupted last month. Facts come too thick upon us to leave much room for comment.
"On the 12th instant William Delany, of Coolderry, received a blow of an iron bar on his head, at Toomavara, parish of Anaghneedle, in the county of Tipperary, from Thomas Meagher, jun. of which blow he has since died."-Dublin Gazette.
The following particulars of this murder were elicited at the inquest :
"The first witness examined was Mary Delany, alias Coffee, widow of the deceased. She deposed that on last Sunday the 12th inst. she went to mass to Toomavara, but was not aware of her husband being at the chapel; after mass she met him, and they both then went to the house of a surveyor; she went on the road towards home, under the impression that he would follow her; when she reached the Rev. Mr. Meagher's, she VOL. XI.
found he was not coming and then returned back; she found him at Thomas Meagher's public house drinking punch with others; it was after five o'clock; her husband having left the tap room, came out to the shop to pay the reckoning; heard some words between her husband and the proprietor of the house as she came out; there was a crowd in the shop; she then went to the street by the hall door, and heard Thomas Meagher, apprentice or shop boy to the owner of the house, say that he would soon find a way of making the deceased quiet; she came up to him, and begged of him for God's sake to do nothing to her husband, and that she would take him home; he then shook himself from her, ran up to her husband, and gave him a deadly blow on the head with a bar of iron; he fell to the ground after receiving the blow." Clonmel Advertiser, quoted in Evening Mail Nov. 24.
"On Friday night the 24th instant, a poor woman named Cross, of Ballyhurst, in the vicinity of Tipperary, was murdered
in the most barbarous manner, by some wretches who are as yet undiscovered. An inquest was held on the body of the unfortunate victim on Saturday, by Geo. Bradshaw, Esq. when a verdict of wilful murder was returned against some persons as yet unknown."-Tipperary Constitution, quoted in Evening Mail, Nov. 29. "On the 27th ult. as Michael Kennedy, of Rosnasmulteeny, was returning from the fair of Borrisoleigh, parish of Glankeen, in the county of Tipperary, he was attacked and violently assaulted with stones, in the suburbs of that town, by Michael Maher and Morgan and Michael Maher, aided and assisted by Joseph Maher of Glankeen, Andrew Connors, John Dwyer, Edmond Hayden, Walter Bourke, and others yet unknown, in consequence of which he has since died."-Gazette Dec 6.
The following account is from the Clonmel Advertiser :~~
"Early on the evening of Friday last, a large party of armed ruffians came to the house of the Widow Ryan, of Ballahurst, near Tipperary, and demanded admittance. The widow and three females were seated at the kitchen fire, and on hearing the noise, inquired who was there? to which they received an answer, " Captain Fearnought." The women naturally became alarmed, and all rushed to an inner apartment; but as one of them (the servant girl) was passing to her place of supposed refuge, a ball, fired in through one of the windows, lodged in her breast, and left her a lifeless corpse, over which her affrighted companions stumbled in their flight from danger. The assassins then desisted in their attempt to enter the house, but before they left the place, nothing daunted or appalled by the human blood they had spilt, they shot a cow, the poor widow's property. Mrs. Ryan's son is a comfortable and respectable farmer, and this bloody, ferine outrage was committed because he had the temerity to bid for a farm, the property of James Scully, Esq. of Kilfeacle." William Kelly, of New Ross, parish of Clonleigh, in the county of Donegal, came by his death from blows inflicted on his head by George Doherty, aided and assisted by Daniel Fisher, James Gallagher, John and William Gallagher, and Robert Coihoon, of Rossgeer, on the night of the 19th of October last." Gazette.
"On Wednesday night last, a murder was perpetrated at Hewstown, within four miles of Boyle. A dispute arose between two persons named Mary McGreevy and Sally Moraghan, (the former daughterin-law to the latter,) about some family affairs, when Mary M'Greevy struck the deceased with a stone, and then stabbed The her with a knife under the ear. wretched woman endeavoured to make her escape by running across the bogs to the Shannon, where she purposed getting into a boat. She was, however, prevented in effecting her object, by the exertions of Serjeant Annesley, who pursued, overtook her, and brought her in She has been custody to this town. transmitted to Roscommon gaol to abide her trial."-Boyle Gazette.
"A large quantity of blood having been discovered on the road near the town of Jamestown, in the county of Leitrim, on the morning of the 5th instant, which together with some other circumstances led to the belief that an outrage of a serious nature had been committed on the night of the 4th instant; and a letter having been received by Captain Stanhope, subinspector of the county, relative to the same, which he submitted to government, he has been authorised to offer a reward of £20 and a free pardon to any person, except the person who may have been the principal in such outrage, who shall give such private information as may lead to the elucidation of the outrage, and to the apprehension and prosecution to conviction of all or any of the persons who may have been concerned in the perpetration of the same."-Boyle Gazette.
On the evening of Monday the 11th instant, an inoffensive Protestant named Scott, returning from the market of Carrigallen to his residence in the parish of Cloyne, was waylaid and so severely beaten as to cause his death. Will it be credited that this was the moment selected for withdrawing the police stationed for the protection of Mr. O'Brien of Cornamuckle, who, with his son, was fired at, in the open day, close to his own house, and not far from where poor Scott has been so barbarously murdered? have not heard what is the pretence for exposing Mr. O'Brien and his family to certain destruction, as such must be the result. A strong opinion is, however, we understand, about to be expressed by the neighbouring magistrates, who, it appears, were not so much as consulted about the withdrawal of the police."— Leitrim Gazette.
This fine young man has fallen a victim to the sanguinary disposition of the people, who are taught to look upon all who have the spirit to oppose their vicious propensities, as their enemies. Mr. Frazer, it will be remembered, was brutally assault ed at Clara, some months since, having bravely interposed to save a poor man from being murdered by a horde of about two hundred of those cowardly savages, who never put their hellish designs into execution except when favoured by numbers, and in apparent security against the slightest opposition. Mr. Frazer had his skull severely fractured on that occasion, and about twenty small pieces were taken from his head. He has ever since lingered in agony without hope of life in this world, until death put a period to his sufferings last week, at his residence, Donecleggan, in the Queen's County." Leinster Express, quoted in Evening Mail Dec. 4.
On Saturday evening, December 9th, a very inoffensive and industrious young man, named James Conway, was waylaid within about fifty perches of his own house, near the Rushes cross, and brutally murdered, by a party of those sanguinary miscreants, with which that portion of the Queen's County is particularly infested. His person exhibited a horrible spectacle. This murder is attributed to Conway's father and uncle having some time since prosecuted to conviction a party who attacked their house, and attempted to deprive them of their lives. Since that period the Conways have been called"The Pointers!" and have been subject to every species of persecution. The Newtown police, passing soon after the outrage, and having learned the particulars, immediately proceeded in search of the perpetrators. Four persons (neighbours of the deceased,) have been arrested under circumstances, which admit of little doubt, of their being concerned as principals.
"The Rushes cross, it will be remembered, was the scene of a similar deed of atrocity in 1831: Thomas Gregory, Esq. was murdered within a few perches of the spot on which the present victim to the blood-thirsty vengeance of "the people" has been a further sacrifice."
on the evening of the 5th instant. Cavanagh's skull was fractured, and his body and face greatly bruised and lacerated; little hope could be entertained of his surviving when our correspondent wrote. On the night of the 2d instant, the house occupied by the steward of Colonel Kirkwood, on the lands of Castletown, was attacked by a party of Ribbonmen, who thought to break the door with large stones, but failing in the attempt, they fired two shots through the door, happily without injury to any of the inmates. The keepers of Henry Griffith, Esq., on the lauds of Cullintra, detected two men in the act of placing a lighted coal in a rick of hay, the property of that gentleman, on the night of the 7th instant. The incendiary ruffians were armed with pistols, which they presented at the keepers, threatening to shoot them unless they were permitted to escape without raising an alarm. On the night of the 6th inst., a cow-house, the property of a man named M.Loughlin, of the parish of Kilmactranny, in which were five cows, a quantity of turf, and several implements of farming, was maliciously set on fire and consumed. At about three, P.M., on the morning of the 5th instant, a party of Ribbonmen, amounting to about fifteen or sixteen, attacked the dwelling-house of a poor unoffending man, named MacLoughlin, of Cliffoney. They broke the door of the house with huge stones, and when they entered, demolished the furniture of the house to atoms; they made a diligent search for M'Loughlin himself, who, upon the commencement of the attack, ran up a ladder to the loft, and having made an opening in the thatched roof, succeeded in effecting his escape. The merciless ruffians, disappointed in finding the object of their vengeance, dragged M'Loughlin's daughter out of bed, in a state of nudity, inflicted several blows upon her body, and compelled her to swear whether she knew any of the party. Upon their going off they took away a box, containing about twentyeight or thirty shillings in silver, and several articles of clothing. On the morning of this day se'unight, at about day-break, as a respectable Protestant farmer, Charles Woods, was passing through a village called Suggawarra, on his way to the market of this town, he was way-laid and assaulted by an armed tioned him as to whether he was up to party of almost twenty men, who quessystem. The dastardly ruffians, after having inflicted several severe blows on their defenceless victim, allowed him to pass a distance of about one hundred yards, lying almost exhausted upon his cart, when they fired a shot after him, which,
fortunately did not take effect. Since writing the foregoing detail of the growing and laudable tranquillity of our county, we have received intelligence of the death of poor Cavanagh, whose case appears first upon this week's list of murderous assaults. We have also just received an account of the death of a man named Mullahy, in the neighbourhood of Coolany, within about seven miles of this town, who was brutally waylaid and assaulted, while returning home to the bosom of his wife and family. We shall give the particulars in our next.-Sligo Journal.
On the evening of Wednesday, the 13th instant, as John Honner, a confiden: tial steward of Thomas Hungerford, Esq. of the Island, and summons server to the Clonakilty Petty Sessions, was on his way from the Macroom sessions, he was followed from Castletown, the scene of so many murders, by three men, who, it is supposed, were on the look out for him; they inflicted no less than sixteen wounds on his head, and fractured his scull in several places, in consequence of which he died on the morning of Saturday.-Cork Constitution-quoted in Ev. Mail, Dec. 20.
Dr. Sadlier has been appointed Provost in the room of the late lamented Dr. Lloyd. It may, perhaps, be expected that we should not pass by in silence this appointment. Unquestionably the place which has been thus filled up is one of great importance, deep responsibility, and much, very much depends upon the principle and integrity of the person who fills it. It is impossible to disguise the fact, that the appointment of Dr. Sadlier has been regarded with much anxiety by the friends of Protestantism in Ireland. For our own parts, we believe it wiser to suspend our judgment until we see how the new Provost fills the duties of his station. A retrospect of past errors would answer no good end; and we are not without hopes that the responsibilities which belong to the guardian of the Protestant education of the country will be felt by the individual upon whom they have devolved.
Of the personal merits of the gentleman selected for this promotion, we will only say, that if the selection of the government were to be guided by the principle of choosing from their friends, the appointment they have made is incomparably the best. We are aware that this is but a poor compliment to Dr. Sadlier. But truth demands that we should say this much, and we do not feel inclined at present to say more.
The appointment is one from which we augur no ill to the University. We do not apprehend that her best interests will suffer under the government which has been set over them. To many we know, that the certainty of the present appointment was a relief from far worse apprehensions. We repeat our hope that in his high and exalted station the new Provost may prove himself alive to the deep responsibilities it involves; and in that hope we are willing to bring no more to remembrance what is past, but be guided in our future estimate by
(Note to Article on "the State of the Irish Clergy" in No. LX., December, 1837.)
December, 23, 1837.
WE have received many communications pointing out numerous omissions in the list of assaults upon the Irish clergy, which was published in this article. The list, however, did not profess to be a complete one, but merely to present a sample of the outrages which have marked the war which commenced with the measure of emancipation against the property of the Irish Church.
With regard to the fourth upon the list of outrages, we apprehend there is a mistake. It is stated, that on the 15th of September, 1829, the house of Mr. Russell of Clogher was attacked, and a quantity of his corn burned. If this has reference, as we are inclined to believe it has, to Mr. Russell, the Archdeacon, of Clogher, the excellent and accomplished biographer of Wolfe, the statement is inaccurate. No attack was ever made upon either the dwelling or property of the reverend gentleman referred to. But about the period of the date assigned, some nightly outrages were committed upon the corn and property of some farmers in his parish who refused to join in resisting the payment of his tithes. We are inclined to believe that it is to this circumstance that the catalogue refers and of course inaccurately-either through a mistake of the copyist or the compiler.
LORD MULGRAVE'S DEFENCE.*
On the evening of the 27th of November last, a debate took place in the House of Lords, on a motion by the Earl of Roden, for the production of papers referring to the state of Ireland. In the course of the debate, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland took occasion to enter into a defence of his policy in the government of this country. The speech of his Excellency has been reprinted and published in the shape of a pamphlet, which brings it fairly and directly under our critical review. The pamphlet reached us too late for the purposes of our last publication. But we hasten to bestow upon it the attention to which unquestionably it is entitled.
We trust we will obtain credit for sincerity, when we say that to the statement of his Excellency we have endeavoured to give the calmest and the most respectful consideration. We have felt it our duty to do so, and this upon principles far above any of the motives that influence the contentions of party. Thinking and moderate men of all parties must feel that the present position of the Irish government is one which is both anomalous and unfortunate. Lord Mulgrave himself must feel his position in Ireland to be so far a false one-as he is altogether estranged from that class in the country to whom any government must naturally look for support in carrying out measures of practical utility. Between the government and
the great mass of the gentry and the respectability of Ireland, there is no good feeling or cordiality whatever. The Protestants of Ireland regard the government with suspicion-the Protestant gentry and nobility stand aloof from it. We cannot but regard such a state of things as unfortunate in the extreme-unfortunate for the country, as we are sure it must be unpleasant to the members of the government themselves. We do not inquire who is to blame for this state of things—we merely state the fact of its existence; but we are sure that Lord Mulgrave himself must feel that the absence of a good understanding between his government and the class that represents the Protestant interest of Ireland, is a great and a serious inconvenience. That the landed gentry of the country, and the great majority of the professional and educated classes, should regard the government with such a feeling of distrust, as must effectually prevent them from yielding to it any cordial or efficient cooperation in any one of its measures for the improvement of the country, is a state of things which must be the source of mutual embarrassment to the parties between whom this distrust prevails, and of real and serious injury to the country. A government which cannot calculate on the sympathy and cooperation of the better classes of society, labours under fearful disadvantages in reducing even the wisest policy to practice.
Speech of the Earl of Mulgrave in the House of Lords, on Monday, 27th November, 1837, on the motion of the Earl of Roden, for certain papers referring to the State of Ireland. London: Ridgway and Sons. 1837.
The Earl of Roden's Speech in the House of Lords, on Monday, 27th Nomember, 1837, on the Tranquillity of Ireland. London: Roake and Varty. 1837.