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of treason or felony by the general assembly; that no conviction can work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate ; that the estates of such persons as may destroy their own lives, shall de. scend or vest as in cases of natural death; and when any person shall be killed by casualty, there ought to be no forfeiture by reason thereof.

Sec. XVI. That the free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man, and that every person may freely speak, write and print on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty; and in all prosecutions for libels, the truth thereof may be given in evidence, and the jury may determine the law and the facts under the direction of the court.

Sec. XVII. That no ex post facto law, nor law impairing the obligation of contracts, or retrospective in its operation, can be passed; nor can the person of a debtor be imprisoned for debt after he shall have surrendered his property for the benefit of his creditors, in such manner as may be prescribed by law.

Sec. XVIII. That no person who is religiously scrupulous of bearing arms, can be compelled to do so, but may be compelled to pay an equivalent for military services, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law; and that no priest, preacher of the gospel, or teacher of any religious persuasion, or sect, regularly ordained as such, be subject to military duty, or compelled to bear arms.

Sec. XIX. That all property subject to taxation in this state, shall be taxed in proportion to its value.

Sec. XX. That no title of nobility, hereditary emolument, privilege or distinction, shall be granted; nor any office created, the duration of which shall be longer than the good behavior of the officer appointed to fill the same.

Sec. XXI. That migration from this state cannot be prohibited.

Sec. XXII. That the military is, and in all cases and at all times shall be, in strict subordination to the civil power; that no soldier can, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in such manner as may be prescribed by law; nor can any appropriation for the support of an army be made for a longer period than two years.

Sec. XXIII. That everything in this article is excepted out of the general powers of government, and shall for ever remain inviolate, and that all acts of the legislature contrary to this or any other article of this constitution shall be void.

ARTICLE XII.

:

Provisions to put the New Constitution into Operation. Sec. I. The constitution adopted in the year eighteen hundred and twenty is declared to be superseded by this constitution, and, in order to carry the same into effect, it is hereby ordained as follows:

Sec. II. All rights, actions, prosecutions, claims and contracts, as well of individuals as of bodies corporate, and all laws in force at the time of the adoption of this constitution, and not inconsistent therewith, shall continue as if the same had not been adopted.

Sec. III. In order that no inconvenience may result to the public service from the taking effect of this constitution, no officer shall be superseded thereby, except as herein directed.

Sec. IV. On the first Monday in August, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, at the several election precincts in this state, the judges thereof shall cause two columns to be opened, headed one “ for the constitution,” the other against the constitution,” and cause the vote of each voter to be set in the appropriate column, and certify the vote so given to the clerks of the several county courts, who shall certify the same to the secretary of state, in the same manner and with the like restrictions that they are now required to certify the votes given for governor and lieutenant-governor of this state.

Sec. V. It shall be the duty of the governor to lay before the general assembly, on the first day of their regular session in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, the vote for ratifying or rejecting said constitution, and if it shall appear to the general assembly, in joint meeting, that a majority of all the votes given, have accepted the constitution, they shal), within the first ten days

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of the session by joint resolution, declare said constitution to be the supreme law of the state, and the former constitution shall be abolished.

Sec. VI. Until an enumeration and apportionment shall be made under this constitution, the county of Andrew shall have one representative; the county of Barry shall have one representative; the county of Bates shall have one representative ; the county of Benton shall have one representative; the county of Boone shall have two representatives ; the county of Buchanan shall have two representatives; the county of Callaway shall have two representatives; the county of Cape Girardeau shall have two representatives; the county of Chariton shall have one representative ; the county of Clay shall have two representatives; the county of Cole shall have one representative; the county of Cooper shall have two representatives; the county of Crawford shall have one representative ; the county of Carroll shall have one representative; the county of Franklin shall have two representatives ; the county of Gasconade shall have one representative; the county of Greene shall have two representatives; the county of Henry shall have one representative; the county of Howard shall have two representatives ; the county of Jackson shall have

; two representatives; the county of Jasper shall have one representative; the county of Jefferson shall have one representative; the county of Johnson shall have one representative ;. the county of Lafayette shall have two representatives; the county of Lewis shall have one representative ; the county of Lincoln shall have two representatives; the county of Linn shall have one representative; the county of Livingston shall have one repre. sentative ; the county of Macon shall have one representative ; the county of Madison shall have one representalive; the county of Marion shall have two representatives; the county of Miller shall have one representative; the county of Monroe shall have two representatives; the county of Montgomery shall have one representative; the county of Morgan shall have one representative;

of New Madrid shall have one re. presentative; the county of Newton shall have one representative; the county of Dallas shall have one representative; the county of Osage shall have one representative ; the county of

the county

Platte shall have three representatives ; the county of Perry shall have one representative; the county of Pettis shall have one representative; the county of Pike shall have two representatives; the county of Polk shall have one representative; the county of Pulaski shall have one representative; the county of Ralls shall have one representative; the county of Randolph shall have two representatives; the county of St. Charles shall have two representatives; the county of St. Francois shall have one representative; the county of Ste. Genevieve shall have one representative; the county of St. Louis shall have ten representatives ; the

county of Saline shall have one representative; the county of Shelby shall have one representative; the county of Taney shall have one representative; the county of Van Buren shall have one representative; the county of Warren shall have one representative; the county of Washington shall have two representatives ; the county of Wayne shall have one representative; the county of Lawrence shall have one representative; the counties of Harrison and Grundy shall have one representative; the county of Hickory shall have one representative; the county of Moniteau shall have one representative; the county of Nodaway shall have one representative; the county of Clark shall have one representative; the county of Scotland shall have one representative; the counties of Clinton and De Kalb shall have one representative; the county of Ozark shall have one representative; the county of St. Clair shall have one representative; the counties of Adair and Schuyler shall have one representative; the counties of Putnam and Sullivan shall have one representative; the county of Missis

; sippi shall have one representative; the county of Scott shall have one representative; the county of Audrain shall have one representative; the counties of Shannon and Reynolds shall have one representative ; the counties of Ripley and Oregon shall have one representative; the counties of Stoddard and Dunklin shall have one representative; the counties of Atchison and Holt shall have one representative ; the county of Gentry shall have one repre. sentative ; the county of Mercer shall have one representative;

e the county of Knox shall have one representative; the county of Camden shall have one representative; the county of Daviess

shall have one representative; the county of Caldwell shall have one representative; the counties of Dade and Cedar shall have one representative; the counties of Wright and Texas shall have one representative; and the county of Ray shall have two repre. sentatives.

Sec. VII. Until an enumeration and apportionment shall be made, under this constitution, the counties of St. Charles and Lincoln shall have one senator; the counties of Pike and Ralls shall have one senator; the counties of Marion and Monroe shall have one senator; the counties of Scotland, Lewis, Clark, Knox, and Schuyler shall have one senator; the counties of Sullivan, Putnam, Harrison, Grundy, Mercer and Gentry shall have one senator; the counties of Holt, Atchison, Nodaway and Andrew shall have one senator; the counties of Buchanan, De Kalb and Clinton shall have one senator ; the county of Platte shall have one senator ; the counties of Clay and Ray shall have one sena. tor; the counties of Livingston, Linn, Carroll, Caldwell and Daviess shall have one senator; the counties of Howard and Chariton shall have one senator; the counties of Macon, Adair, Shelby and Randolph shall have one senator ; the counties of Boone and Audrain shall have one senator; the counties of Ste. Genevieve, St. François and Perry shall have one senator; the counties of Cape Girardeau and Wayne shall have one senator; the counties of Scott, Mississippi, New Madrid, Stoddard and Dunklin shall have one senator; the counties of Reynolds, Shannon, Texas, Madison, Ripley, Oregon and Wright shall have one senator; the counties of Green, Taney and Ozark shall have one senator; the counties of Jackson and Van Buren shall have one senator; the counties of Lafayette and Johnson shall have one senator; the counties of Lawrence, Barry, Newton and Jasper shall have one senator ; the counties of Polk, Hickory, Camden and Dallas shall have one senator ; the counties of St. Clair, Henry, Bates, Cedar and Dade shall have one senator; the counties of Pettis, Benton and Saline shall have one senator; the coun. ties of Cooper and Moniteau shall have one senator; the counties of Cole, Miller and Morgan shall have one senator; the counties of Callaway and Montgomery shall have one senator; the coun

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