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Its fixity is such, that none of it is sublimed acid is not in any case a simple oxygenation of when water containing it in solution is raised carbon and hydrogen, but a much more comto the boiling temperature.

plicated operation; in which, according 10 Oxalic acid is not affected by exposure to well-established laws of affinity, specific prothe air, or to the action of oxygen gass. The portions of carbon and hydrogen unite with a effect of the simple combustibles on it has not certaiu portion of oxygen to form oxalic acid, been tried.

whilst at the same time other proportions of It is capable of oxydizing lead, copper, iron, the same bases form different products. Hience tin, bismuth, nickel, cobalt, zinc, and man- it is inaccurate to state, as is sometimes done, ganese.

that sugar is the base of the oxalic or saccharIt does not act upon gold, silver, platina, norine acid, since it is a conipound of hydrogen mercury.

and carbon derived from the sugar, and which Oxalic acid combines with alkalies, earths, the action of the nitric acid causes to be sepaand metallic oxydes, and forins salts known by rated in the proportions necessary for that purthe name of oxalats.

pose. Hence the utmost action of the nitric Muriatic and acetic acids dissolve oxalic acid, acid or oxalic acid differs from that which it but without altering it. Sulphuric acid de- exerts on sugar; for, in the former case, only composes it parily by the assistance of heat, aud carbonic acid and water are formed, while in a quantity of charcoal is formed. Nitric acid the latter there is generated a quantity of acedecomposes it at a boiling heat, and converts it lous acid. into water and carbonic acid. From this result, It is hence not to be wondered at that and from the products obtained by distilling various other substances, containing the same pure oxalic acid, it follows, that this acid is radicals as sugar, should when treated with composed of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon. nitric acid be found to produce oxalic acid Fourcroy inforins us, that Vauquelin and he likewise. Thus the malic acid, which is have ascertained that it is composed of produced along with the oxalic acid, in al77 oxygen

most every instance, is to a great extent, though 13 carbon

not altogether, converted into oxalic acid, 10 hy«rogen

by the further action of nitric acid : and

hence it is, in some sense, an intermediate 100

state between oxalic acid and the hydro-carBut the experiments upon which this result is

n which this result is bonous base previous to oxygenation : as is founded have not been published; so that it is

sufficiently shown by many experiments of impossible to judge of their accuracy.

Scheele. The affinities of oxalic acid, according to

So gum-arabic treated with nitric acid was Bergman, are as follows:

found by the same excellent chemist to yield a

mixture of malic and oxalic acid. Manna, Lime,

sugar of milk, salep, aloe, colocynth, and some Barytes, Strontian,

of the resinous gums, produced the same reMagnesia,

sult, but in a smaller quantity: of the essen

tial oils, only that of parsley could be made to Potass,

furnish these acids, which it did in abundance, Soda,

and was totally resolved into them. Ammonia,

In like manner, alcohol treated with nitric Alumina.

acid aflords a large quantity of oxalic acid : This acid is too expensive to be employed and most aviinal substances, operated upon in for the purposes of domestic economy; but it a similar manner, produce similar results, but is extreinely useful in chemistry to detect the in different quantities. presence of linie held in solution. For this OXALIS. Wood-sorrel. In botany, a purpose, cither a little of the pure acid, or of genus of the class decandria, order pentagynia. the solution of oxalat of ammonia, is dropt into Calyx five-leaved ; petals five ; connected at the the liquid supposed to contain lime. If any claws; capsule superior, five-celled, five-sided, be present, a white powder immediately pre- bursting at the angles; seeds clother with cipitales : the reason of which is, that oxalat of an elastic coat. Ninety-four species. Almost Time is altogether insoluble, and that oxalic all natives of the Cape; a few of South Ameacid is consequently capable of taking limerica and the West Indies; one, O. sensitiva, from every other acid.

with yellow corol, stemless, of the East InThe oxalic acid is not often found native to dies; and one, (), acetosella, of the wet woods any considerable extent, but is readily pro- of our own country. They must be thus subduced, as we have already seen, by the aciion dived. of nitrous acid on almost every soluble vege- A. Leares simple. table maiter, and most animal matters. Dur. B. Leaves in pairs. ing this action the nitric acid is obviously C. Leaves ternate; scape one-Powered. decomposed, and much nitrous gass given out; D. Leaves ternate; scape more than oneand hence the product must contain much of Powered. the oxygen which the nitrous acid parts with. E. Leaves ternate; peduncle one flowered ; But it appears that the formation of oxalic stem naked towards the bottom.

F. Leaves ternate ; peduncles one-flowered; students for life; a high steward, named by stew leafy.

the chancellor, and approved by the university, G. Leaves ternate; peduncles more than who is also for life, and to assist the chancelloi, one-towered, with a stem.

&c, a vice-chancellor, one always in orders, H. Leaves in finger-like directions.

and the head of a college, who exercises the 1. Leaves pinnate.

chancellor's power, keeps the officers and stu, The species chiefly cultivated are the fol- dents to their duty, and chooses four pro-ticolowing.

chancellors, out of the heads of colleges, to ofi1, 0). acetosella. Common wood-sorrel, ciate in his absence; two proctors, who are 2. 0. striata, Upright woud-sorrel. inasters of arts, chosen yearly out of the sereral 3. 0. caprina. Goat's-foot wood-sorrel. colleges in turn, to keep the peace, punish dis

4. O. versicolor. Stripe-fowered wood orders, oversee weights and measures, order sorrel.

scholastic exercises, and the admission to de 5. O. purpurea. Purple wood-sorrel. grees ; a public orator, who writes letters by

6. O. incarnata. Flesh-coloured wood- order of convocation, and harangues princs, sorrel.

and other great men, who visit the universite; The first sort may be readily increased by a keeper of its archives; a register, who records planting the divided roots in a moist shady all transactions of the convocation, &c,; three border in the early part of spring. The leaves esquire-beadles, with gilt silver maces, and arise immediately from the roots upon single three yeomen-beadles, with plain ones, who long footstalks, and are composed of three attend the vice-chancellor in public, exccule heart-shaped lobes. They are gratefully acid, his orders for apprehending delinquents, puband of use in scorbutic and other putrid dis- lish the courts of convocation, and conduct the orders. The juice is now crystallised, and preachers to church, and lecturers to school; constitutes a very convenient and elegant à rerger, who, on solemn occasions, walks substitute for lemon juice. See OXALIC with the beadles before the vice-chancellor, ACID.

and carries a silver rod. Oxford coutains The other sorts, which are all bulbous twenty colleges, and five halls. 1, Baliol Cole rooted, may be increased by planting ofisets lege, founded in the year 1262, by John Baliol, from the bulbs that issue froin ihe sides of the father of John Baliol, king of Scotlaod, in stems, in pots filled with good light nould. great part rebuilt in the reigns of Henry II They require protection in the winter sea- and VII ; it consists of a master, twelve iclo son.

lows, fourteen scholars, and eighteen exhibiOX DAISY. In botany. See CHRYSAN- tioners. 2. Merion College. Walier de Merton, THEMUM.

bishop of Rochester and lord chancellor of Ox eye. See BAPHTHALMUM.

England, transferred to Oxford, in the sea OXFORD, the capital of Oxfordshire, and 1267, a college which he had built at Malion, a bishop's see, with a market on Wednesday and in Surry, three years before. At first he seems Saturday. It is seated at the conflux of the to have only intended this for such of chaplains Cherwell with the Thames, and has a canal to and scholars as should choose to coine hithet Braunston, in Northamptonshire. The city, from the other ; but in 1274 both were united with the suburbs, is of a circular form, three by the founder. It consists of a warden, miles in circunference, and was anciently twenty-four fellows, fourteen post-masters, Xc. burrounded by walls, of which considerable 3. University College. The largest of Alfret! remains are yet to be seen; as also of its ex- three halls before mentioned, is by some sup. tensive castle, the tower of which now serves posed to have been University College. Bol for a county gaol. In 1801 the number of however that be, it is more ceriaiu that the it. inhabitants was ;2,107. The origin of the storation of this old house is owing to the legacy university is involved in great obscurity. AC- of William,'archdeacon of Durham, who died cording to Camden, even in the times of the in the year 1949, and left 310 marks to the Britons, Oxford was the seat of leaming. chancellor and university, for the maintenance Some students removing hither from Crick- of eleven or twelve masters, wherewith 350lade, a monastery was founded by St. Frides- ciety was established in the year 1900, and wide, in the time of the Saxons, which was their statutes seulled by the university, the burned, and rebuilt by king Ethelred. When year 1992, and the endowment of Walter Ster: the Danes were reduced by Alfred, that prince law, bishop of Durham, Henry Percy, eart of is said to have founded three colleges, one for Northumberland, and other benefactors. It philosophy, another for grammar, and a third was valued at781. per annum, and consists w for diviniiy, in the year 886, so that on this of a master, twelve fellows, thirteen scholars, consideration Alfred seems rather the restorer &c, This college has been much enlarged by than the founder. But however that may be, the generous benefaction of Dr. John Raddit, Mr. Camden himself gives the precedence in who left 50001. for building the master's lodge, point of time to Baliol college, in the year and chambers for two new fellows, by him in. 1269, by which is probably understood to mean stituted for the study of physic, with a handthe first endowed with a regular and permanent some salary for ten years, half of which time income. The university is governed by a at least they are to travel beyond the sca: W chancellor, now lord Grenville, chosen by the their better improvement, as his will expire

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to it. 4. Exeter College, founded by William the year 1283, by John Giffard, baron of

Stapleton, bishop of Exeter, in the year 1314. Brimsfield. When suppressed at the reforma-
It consisted at first of only thirteen fellows or rion, it was converted into a palace for the
scholars, of whom twelve were to be born bishop of Oxford; but was soon afterwards
within the diocese of Exeter. Its revenues erected into an academical hall, by sir Thomas
were valued, 26th Henry VIII, at 811. It has While, the founder of St. John's College, in
now a rector, twenty-two fellows, &c. 5, which state it continued, till it at length re-
Oriel College, founded in the year 1324, by ceived a charter of incorporation, and a small
Adam de Bromé, almoner to Edward II. Ed- endowment froni sir Thonias Cookes. Here
ward III gave a tenement called Le Oriele, are one provost, twenty fellows, seventeen
whence probably the name. It now maintains' scholars, &c. the whole number about forty,
a provost, eighteen fellows, and fourteen exhi. 11. St. John's College. This college was
bitioners. 6. Queen's College, the foundation founded in the year 1537, by sir Thomas
of which was ascribed to queen Philippa, but White, alderman and merchant taylor of
is really due to her chaplain, Robert de Egles- London, for the maintenance of one president,
field, rector of Burg on Stanmore, in the year fifty fellows, three chaplains, three clerks,
1340, for a provost, twelve fellows, and seventy and six choristers, &c. This college was
scholars. li now consists of a provost, twenty- founded on the site of Bernard's College,
two fellows, &c. 7. New College or Win- erected in the year 1437, by archbishop Chi-
chester College, or as it should seem St. Mary's chely. Archbishop Laud and bishop Juxon
College, of Winchester, in Oxford, was found. were liberal benefactors to this college. 12.
ed by the great William Wykeham, in the All Souls' College, founded in the year 1438,
year 1379, with endowment for a warden and by Henry Chichely, archbishop of Cauter-
seventy fellows, &c. The excellent body of bury, for a warden, and foriy fellows, besides
statutes which the founder himself drew up two chaplains, nine clerks, and choristers,
has been considered as the most judicious and 13. Magdalen College, founded in the year
complete, and has been followed by inost suc. 1458, by William Patten, alias Wainfieet,
ceeding founders of colleges. 8. Trinity Col- bishop of Winchester, for a president, forty
lege, Richard Horton, prior, and the monks fellows, thirty scholars or deinies, a divinity
at Durham, purchased ground, in the year lecturer, a school-master, four chaplains, &c.
1290, for a college here, which was afterwards 14, Brazen Nose College. This college was
increased and farther endowed by Richard de founded in the year, 1509 by Richard Sarith,
Bury, the learned bishop of that see. At the bishop of Lincoln, and Richard Sutton, of
dissolution, this college was sequestered, and Presbury in Cheshire, knight, for the main-
by Edward VI sold to Dr. Owen, a physician; tenance of one principal, avd fifteen fellows.
and afterwards came into the possession of sir To this number succeeding benefactions have
Thomas Pope who, on its site founded Trinity added five fellows, thirty-two scholars, and four
College, for a president, twelve fellows, and exhibitious. 15. Corpus Christi College. This
twelve scholars. Dr. Ralph Bathurst, president, college was founded, in the year 1516, by
adorned it with new buildings, and a beautiful Richard Fox, who was successively bishop of
chapel consecrated in the year 1094, and was Exeter, Bath and Wells, Durham and Wine
otherwise an eminent benefactor. 9. Lincoln chester; and lord privy seal to king Henry VII
College. Richard Fleming, bishop of Lincoln, and VIII, for the maintenance of one president,
obtained licence of Henry VI, in the year 1427, twenty fellows, twenty scholars, &c. 16. Christ
to make All-saints' Church collegiate, and to Church, originally founded by cardinal Wol-
found a college for a rector, and seven scholars; sey, in the year 1525, for the support of a
finished and endowed in the year 1475, by dean, a sub-dean, 100 canons, &c. But while
Thomas Rotherham, bishop of Lincoln, and the cardinal was completing this design, having
archbishop of York: now consists of a rector, actually admitted eighteen canons, about the
twelve fellows, &c. 10. Worcester College year 1529, he fell into disgrace ; wheu king
was founded, in the year 1714, by the bene. Henry VIII seized upon the foundation, which
faction of sir Thomas Cookes, of Bentley, in he suspended till the vear 1532, and then re-
Worcestershire, for one provost, six fellows, established it under the name of Henry the
and six scholars. To these have since been Eighth's College, for one dean, and twelve
added two fellowships, and two scholarships, canons. This foundation, however, the same
by Dr. Finney; and two exhibitions for king suppressed in the year 1545. But the
Charterhouse scholars, by lady Holford. But next year he removed hither the episcopal
the principal benefactors have been Mrs. Ea- see, first established in Oseney Abby, a dis-
ton, daughter of Dr. Eaton, principal of Glou solved Augustine monastery, near the suburbs
cester ball, who founded six fellowships in the of Oxford, in the year 1542. At the same
year 1735; and Dr. Clarke, fellow of all time, on part of Wolsey's original revenue,
Souls' College, who gave six fellowships, and he constituted a dean, eight canons, eight chap-
three scholarships, in the year 1736, besides lains, eight clerks, eight choristers, and an
other considerable bequests. This house was organist; together with sixty students, and
originally called Gloucester College, being a forty grammar scholars, a schoolmaster and
seminary for educating the novices of Glou- usher. In this form the foundation has re-
cester monastery, as it was likewise for those mained ever since; except, that queen Eliza-
of other religious houses. It was founded, in beth, in the year 1561, converted the forty
grammar-scholars into acadeinical students; name from Robert de St. Alban, a citizen of
ordering, at the same time, that their vacancies Oxford ; who, in the reign of Henry III, 000-
should be supplied from Westningter school. reyed this tenement to the nuns of Lillemore.
Thus, 100 students were establisheri, to which 2. St. Edinund's Hall. This hall is situated
number William Thurstone, esquire, in the to the east of Queen's College. It was first
vear 1663, added one. 17. Jesus College, established about the reigu of Edward III, aud
founded in the year 1571, by queen Elizabeth, was consigned to Queen's College, in the year
and endowed by Hugh Price, LL.D. a native 1557. 3. St. Mary Hall. This was long the
of the county of Brecknock, and treasurer of parsonage-house of the rectors of Si, Mart,
St. David's, for å principal, eigbt fellows, and whichchurch being appropriated by Edward III
eight scholars; by other benefactors raised to 10 the Oriel College, the house also came into
nineteen fellows, and eighteen scholars, with their possession, and was appropriated to the
inany exhibitioners. 18. Wadham College. This residence of students. 4. Neiv Ion Hall,
college was designed by Nicholas Wudham, granted to students by Johu Trillock, bishop
esquire, of Merifield in Somersetshire, and of Hereford, in the rear 1545. 5. Maydalen
executed in pursuance of his last will, by Hall. This hall is almost contiguous to Mag.
Dorothy, his widow, in the year 1013, for the dalen College, on the west. A very consider-
maintenance of one warden, fifteen selloirs, abie part of it is the grainmar-school for the
fifteen scholars, two chaplains, a:id two clerks, choristers of Magdalen College, erected, with the
The statutes direct, that the warden shall quit college, by the founder, William of Wainfieet,
ihe college in case of marriage; that the lets for that purpose alone. To this structure other
lows shall enjoy the benefit of the society no buildings being added, it grew by degrees into
longer than eighteen veurs after their rezency and academical hall. Oher public buildings
in arts. 19. Pembroke College. This col- are, the theatre, which was built at the er.
lege was founded in the rear 1620, by the joint p 1-2 of archbishop Shelden, chancellor of the
benefaction of Thomas Tesdale, of Glympton, university, 1008, who gave 20001. to purchase
in Oxfordshire, and Richard Wightwick,S.T.B. lands for its repairs. It is extremely ongoi.
rector of Ilsley, Berks; for one masier, ten toont, of the form of the Roman theatre, not
fellows, and ten scholars. The society has circular but having one fat side, and the roof
since been much cnlarged by the addition of cighty feet by seventy, rests on the walls with.
several fellowships, scholarships, and exhibi. cut pillars. Ashmole's Museum, the lower
tions. This college was originally Broadgate part of which is an elaboratory, and the upper
Hall, famous for ihe study of ihe civil law, a story a repository of natural and artificial rari-
flourishing house of learning, in which, to ties, principally given by Elias Ashmole, who
mention no more, Camden received part of lcilged here the collection of MSS, made br bis
his education. It obtained the name of Pem- father-in-law, sir William Dugdale, Anthony
broke College, from the memorable eail of Vood, sir Henry Savil, and himsek. Toe
Pembroke, who was chancellor of the university printing-house, built in the year 1719, with
when the college was founded, and whose iria ile profits of the sale of loro Clarendon's His-
terest was particularly instruinental in its esta- tory of the Rebellion, the perpetual imezica
blishment. 20. Hertford Coilege, formerly of which he gave to the university. Rourd
called Hartford or Hart Ila!), founde: by Ilala ihe wall that formerly isclosed tne these
ter Stapleton, bishop of Exeter, in the year stood the Arundelian inarbles, now rernure
1312, and belonged to Exeter College. Hav- into the schools. These valuable monuments
ing received a charter of incorporation froin collected in Greece and Asia, by Thomas earl
Dr. Richard Newton, a late learned and public of Arundel, and sir William Petty, were gives
spiriteci principal, who has also consigned an by the said earl; others by Mr. Selden, sir
estate towards its endowinent, this ancient George Wheler, Dr. Shaw, Messrs. Dowkins
hotel was converted into a college, September 8, aud Wood, and Dr. Rawlinson. To this col.
1740. The foundation consists of a principai, lection, in the year 1755, were added, by the
four senior feilows or tutors, and junior fellows gift of the countess of Pomfrei, abore 100
or assistants, beside a certain nuinber of students statues, busts, &c. purchascd by her late hus-
or scholars. Of the numerous halls, hotels, band's father, lord Lempster, out of iht Arus-
or inns, which were the only academical houses delian collection. The whole collection now
originally possessed by the students of Oxford, at Oxford consists of 167 marbles, that is,
only five subsit at present. These societies statues, busts, bas-reliefs, fragments of scul: wure,
are neither endowed nor incorporaied. They 100 inscriptions, Grenki Ægyptian, Gitean,
are subject to their respective principals, whuse and Palsrene; and " 5 Roman and o n .
salary arises from the room-rent of the louse. The public schools, which form a mani: fiat
The principals are appointed by the chancellor quadraugie, part of which is appropruik
of the university; that of Elmond Hail ex: the reception of the celebraled Bodleren libor.
cepted, who is nominated by Queen's College, The Radcliffe library founded by the will of
under whose patronage Edmond Hall still re- Dr. Padelfie, aud finished in the year 1710.
mains. The rest were formerly dependent on A noble astronomical observatory has laie!
particular colleges. 1. Alban Hail. This hall been erected at the north-west corner of the
is contiguous to Merion College, on the east. city, at the expense of near 30,0001. beds
It appears to have been a house of learning in the year 1771, by the rrusices of Dr. R.
in the reign of Edward I, and received its clifle's estate. The physic-garden was (oop.id
by llenry Danvers, earl of Danby, in the year three notes that are to one another as C to C 1633, and endowed with an annual revenue. sharp, and C sharp to D natural. The lowest Dr. Sherard built the present library, furnished were called the baripyeni, and those in the the gardens with most of its curious plants, middle, mesopycni. and at the expense of 3000l. endowed the pro- OX-SLIP, in botany. See PRIMULA. fessorship. The unfortunate Charles I. held Ox-STALL. 3. A stand for oxen. his court here, during the civil war. The cor- OXYACANTHA GALENI. (og vaxay@ch, poration consists of a mayor, high-steward, from otus, sharp, and cxevda, a thorn, so called recorder, four aldermen, eight assistants, two from the acidity of its fruit.) The barberry. bailiffs, a town-clerk, two chamberlains, all See BERBERIS that have served the office of bailiff and cham- OXYBAPHUS, in botany, a genus of the berlain, and twenty-four common-council class triandria, order monogvnia. Calyx fiveInen. The mayor, for the time being, offi- cleft, campanulate ; corol funnel. form; nut ciates at a coronation, in the buttery, and has five-sided, one-seedel, surrounded by the unfor his fee a large gilt bowl and cover. It was folded permanent calyx. One species; a glumade a bishop's see by king Henry VIII. and tinous plant of Peru, with violet flowers, rehas thirteen elegant parish churches, besides sembling the mirabilis. the cathedral of Christchurch. This city has OXYCEDRCS. See JUNIPERL'S. ofien been the seat of our kings and parlia- OXYCOCCOS. (VXOXmaç, from egun, acid, ments: in one of which, held here by reason and xoxx55, a berry, so named from its acidity.) of the plague at London, in 1665, the votes 'The cranberry. The berries of the vaccinium were first printed. The markets are on Wed. occicoccos of Linnéus are so termed in some nesday and Saturday. The city and the uni- pharmacopæias. They are about the size of versity send each two members to the British our haws, and are pleasantly acid, with which parliament. Without the town there are many intention they are used medicinally in Sweden. ruins of the fortifications erecied in the late In this country they are mostly preserved and civil wars. It has lately been embellished made into tarts. with a noble market-place, and a magnificent OXYCRATE, in pharmacy, a mixture of bridge: forty-five miles S.E. of Worcester, vinegar and water, proper to assuage, cool, and fifty-four W.N.W. of London. Lon, I. and refresh. The usual proportion is one 15 W. Lat. 51. 46 N.

spoonful of vinegar to five or six spoonfuls of OXFORDSHIRE, a county of England, water. bounded on the E. by Buckinghamshire, W. OXYDS, in chemistry, a compound of by Gloucestershire, S. by Berkshire, and N. by oxygen and some other body, in such proporWarwickshire and Northamptonshire. The tion as not to produce an acid. Oxygen comextreme length is 48 miles, and breadth 26, bines with bodies in various proportions, conbut its form is very irregular. It contains stituting a multiplicity of compounds with 450,000 acres; is divided into 14 hundreds, almost every substance with which it is capable and 207 parishes; has one city, and 12 markets of uniting. The whole of these compounds, towns; and sends 9 members to parliament. however, may be grouped generally under two The number of inhabitants in 1801 was divisions: 1st, those which possess the pro109,620. The soil, though various, is fertile perties of acids; and edly, those which are in corn and grass. The S. part, especially on destitute of such properties. The first set of the borders of Buckinghamshire, is billy and compounds are distinguished by the term woody, having a continuation of Chiltern hills acids: to the second appertains the term oxvds. running through it. The N.W. part is also It is by no means uncommon to find a comelevated and stony. The middle is, in general, pound of the same base and oxygen, belonging a rich country, watered by numerous streams to both these sets, according to ihe proportion running from N. in S. and terminating in the of oxygen which enters into the compound. Thames. Of these, the most considerable in all these cases, the sinaller proportion of are the Windrush, Evenlode, Cherwell, and oxygen constitutes the oxyd, the larger the Tame; the latter, although an inconsiderable acid. Hence it follows that oxvils always conrivulet, has obtained some importance from tain less oxygen than acids with the sanie base. having been supposed to give name to the Oxyds may therefore exist under any of the Thames. The products of Oxfordshire are forms of a concrete substance, a liquid, a chiefly those common to the midland farining vapour, and a gass. counties. Its hills yield ochre, pipe-clay, and As a liquid, water may be taken as an exother earths, useful for vă vus purposes. Corn ample, which is an oxyd of hydrogen ; or in and malt are conveyed from it, by the Thames, other words, a combination of oxygen with to the metropolis.

hydrogen, iu such proportion as not to produce OXGANG, or OIGATE, is generally taken, an acid. As a vapour, and as a gass, nitrous in our old law-books, for fifteen acres, or as vapour, in some of its combinations, and nitric much ground as a single ox can plough in a oxyd, may be advanced as exapples; and as a year,

concrete substance, the instances are innuOXIDE. See Oxyd.

merable. OXIPIYCNI, in music, the name given by Oxygen combines with three distinct sets of the ancient Greeks to high sounds in general, bodies, the simple combustibles, the incombut more particularly to the highest of any bustibles, and the metals, and forins oxyds with VOL. VIII.


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