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vinistic," and is rather dogmatic in maintaining them; but he appears to be a man of ability, and his practical conclusions are well worth serious consideration.
"The Rock: the Infallibility of the Church vindicated;" by the rev. P. Maclachlan. Edinburgh: Marsh and Beattie. 1851. This pamphlet is written in opposition to Dr. Lee, a Scottish minister, who has published a "Discourse on Papal Infallibility." We are not disposed to stand forth as champions for Dr. Lee, for whose theological attainments we confess we do not entertain a very deep reverence; but we cannot help saying of Mr. Maclachlan's production that, if the Romish church has no more formidable controversialists to send forth, it would act more wisely in remaining quiet. This writer is severe on his opponent for not having previously read the writings he has ventured to refute, and yet his own quotations from the fathers are avowedly at second hand. And he absolutely dares to assert that, were protestants "gifted, I do not say with infallibility, but with common prudence, they never would be so indiscreet as to even allude to the, among them, vexed and interminable question of the canonicity of the scripture." Did he ever read or hear of the work of one bishop Cosin, who pretty satisfactorily disposed of this question? His own authorities are the misrepresented council of Carthage, the forged Innocent and Gelasius, and the council of Trent, literally no more! We think we need not add another word to show those who possess any amount of ecclesiastical information the character of Mr. Maclachlan's work.
"COME SOON! COME SOON!" THE DYING CHILD'S ASPIRATIONS. (For the Church of England Magazine). (Suggested by hearing the following account from his mother.)
"On hearing his voice, I went to his bedside; and the
'Ere yet life's" silver cord had broke,"
"Come soon! Come soon!" A vision bright
Whilst rapt with holy joy, he gazed,
"Come soon! Come soon!" Their call he heard,
Nor did their senses meet.
But on his dying ear it fell,
That charmed his breast with holy spell,
"The Happy Family; or, Selfishness and Selfdenial." Brighton: King. 1851. We have perused To duller ears the sound was barred, this little tale with great interest. It is engagingly written, and the Christian heroism of a school-boy is exhibited in a most instructive manner. We remember to have read a tale by a well-known female writer, in which a remarkable degree of moral courage as shown by a lad was narrated; but in that history the principle, the Christian principle, was wanting-here it is fully displayed and consistently acted on. We warmly recommend the volume. We may add that we are informed that the profits which may arise from the sale will be appropriated to a charitable purpose.
"Soft Showers on the Opening Bud," and "Early Dew upon the Ter der Plant." Bath: Binns and Goodwin. These are two little books for children. They consist of scripture passages, with plain observations and questions and answers, and together form a consecutive gospel history. They are got up in the very neat manner in which Messrs. B. and G. generally send out the works they publish, and present an attractive appearance. We think they will be favourites in the nursery and the school, and are glad to express our approval of them.
"A Common Sense View of the Church of Rome; being an examination of some of her Doctrines and Practices by the Light of Nature only;" by a Protestant. London: Hatchard. 1851. But why in bright sunshine should we close our shutters and use a taper? Why with the light of revelation should any one choose to resort to "the light of nature only?
We have also received-"The Temple of Education; illustrating the Philosophy and Poetry and Religion of Teaching;" by T. E. Poynting. Parts I. and II. London: Theobald. 1851. We have not had opportunity as yet to look beyond the title page: the Germanized English upon it is not inviting. "The Bible, the Irish National Board of Education, and the Archbishop of Dublin;" by the rev. J. Flanagan, curate of Linaskea, Fermanagh. London: Wertheim and Co. We, in common with the great body of the church, utterly disapprove of the Irish National Board. "Solomon's Bride a Type of Christ;" by rev. B. H. Blacker. London: Wertheim. A tract that originally appeared in these pages.
And tranced his soul with love. "Come soon!" "I come!" with echoing strain And fluttering heart, he cried; "Soon, soon, I come, to join your train, A spirit glorified."
Then to his mother, as she gazed
In breathless mute surprise,
And once again he cries, " Come soon!"
Him in the realms above.
Then on his pillow sunk his head-
The stainless soul was gone.
And, tho' the mother poured her grief,
She dwells upon the hour,
When time shall be no more.
Martin Rectory, Dec. 7, 1851.
J. B. S.
London: Published for the Proprietors, by JOHN HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.
PRINTED BY ROGERSON AND CO
LOWESTOFT, or Lowestoffe, is a market-town and seaport in the county of Suffolk, 44 miles N.E. by N. from Ipswich, and 115 N.E. by N. from London. Lowestoffe is said to be situated on the most eastern point of land in England, upon an eminence, commanding an extensive prospect of the German ocean. It is a place which nurtures
many hardy fishermen.
The parish church, dedicated to St. Margaret, stands about half a mile to the west of the town. It is of the later style of English architecture, and it would seem that it was erected in the early part of the fourteenth century. It is built of flint and stone, and consists of a nave and sideaisles, a chancel, with a spire steeple at the west end, and a southern porch. The entire length, from east to west, is 182 feet; the breadth, 47; the height, 43. The tower is 70 feet, the spire (which is of wood, covered with lead), 50; making, in all, 120 feet. Externally this church presents a handsome appearance. The great eastern window is a fine one, the lights into which it is divided having trefoil-headed arches; and in many of the other windows there is delicate tracery. The buttresses are faced with architectural ornaments of flint and stone, after a fashion frequently to be observed in this and the neighbouring coun
The southern porch forms the principal entrance to the church: over it is a room called the "maids' chamber," from a tradition that two maiden sisters retired to it for religious seclusion. These sisters, named Elizabeth and Katharine, caused, it is also said, two wells to be dug between the church and the town, which bear the name of "Basket wells"; so called, the story goes on to tell, from the sisters Bess and Kate. On the ceiling of this porch is a carved boss, representing the Trinity; also two shields, charged with emblems of the redemption.
The nave is separated by lofty pillars, and each side. At the entrance of the chancel was lighted by a clerestory with eight windows on formerly a rood-loft: the ascent to this was some years ago accidentally discovered (by the fallingout of some stones from one of the southern buttresses. At the west end of the nave is a lofty used as the penitents' porch. The chancel is narrow arch, supposed to have been originally 51 years vicar, who was brother to bishop Tanner: elegant: it was repaired by the rev. John Tanner, the east window was painted and presented to the church by Mr. Robert Allen, a townsman.
The font is curious, but has been much defaced: it has an ascent of three steps, on the uppermost of which was an inscription, which is adorned this font, were damaged and mutilated in now illegible. Several figures, which formerly the time of the great rebellion. There are several monuments in various parts of this church.
Lowestoffe, being in a corner of the kingdom, does not seem to have participated to an equal extent with many other towns in the various events which are recorded in the national history. It may be said, however, that in 1349 it was so ravaged by plague that not more than one-tenth of the inhabitants escaped; in 1605 it suffered severely from fire; in 1643 it was entered by Cromwell, when several persons were seized and sent to Cambridge; and in 1665 and 1666 two naval engagements with the Dutch were fought off this coast.
In the centre of the High-street are some vestiges of a religious house, comprising a Norman arch, and cellars with groined roof; part, probably, of an ancient crypt. The surrounding cliffs abound with organic remains.
It may be added that Lowestoffe is a vicarage in the diocese and patronage of the bishop of Norwich; and that, at the census of 1841, it contained 4,647 inhabitants.
HOW SHOULD PROTESTANTS MEET THE AGGRESSION OF ROMANISTS?
. A DIALOGUE.
BY THE REV. S. HOBSON, LL.B., Incumbent of Butley, Suffolk.
No. XI.-PART 2.
THE TRIAL OF THE CARDINAL.
Address of Counsel for the Prosecution. My learned friend, gentlemen, has alluded to the fact that Henry III. offered to the pope one-tenth of the moveable property of both the laity and clergy of England, as another proof that the papal supremacy was regarded as a divine right. I wonder the learned counsel did not blush while he was thus telling us that a successor of St. Peter required a bribe from the king to induce him to decide a dispute against the refractory monks of Canterbury. Such was really the case. This infallible pontiff affected to consider the question very difficult to determine, until he received the magnificent offer of Henry; and then his holiness saw very clearly, and, of course, decided in the king's favour. Thus was this spiritual supremacy used by the pope as an instrument to bring both kings and people into bondage, and to overwhelm them by grievous exactions. Henry was indeed treated as the vassal of the pope, and this kingdom as the patrimony of St. Peter's pretended successor, which his holiness might parcel out into ecclesiastical divisions, and confer on whom he pleased. By various means he got into his hands the patronage of all the valuable livings in England, which he bestowed on Italian priests. And in the year 1237 the pope sent what the historian very properly calls "one of those birds of ill omen"- -a cardinal-into England; and, during the three years of his residence, no fewer than three hundred Italians came over to be provided for in the church. So grasping and insatiable was this personification of papal supremacy, that the archbishop of Canterbury, finding it impossible to check his exactions, left the kingdom, and soon after died broken-hearted in a French monastery. But, although Henry III. too often acted as the submissive vassal of the pope, his barons did not, and they were at length determined to put a stop to the papal encroachments. They sent orders to the wardens of the seaports to seize all persons who brought any bulls or mandates from Rome. The king weakly commanded that the bulls which had been thus seized should be delivered up to the legate; and, even when his barons informed him what enormous sums of money were drawn from his subjects, when they proved that the churchpreferments held by Italians in England exceeded the ordinary revenues of the crown, he was too much the pope's slave to restrain these abuses.
Would the learned counsel like to see our present gracious sovereign reduced to this abject condition? The same power is at work now, the same principles avowed, which produced such deplorable effects at that period. Only let the pope's subjects so increase in this empire as to give them a reasonable prospect of establishing a similar tyranny, and the attempt will surely be made. If the pope has ventured upon so insulting and arro
gant a measure as that contemplated by his recent bull, while his adherents are comparatively powerless, what may we not expect when his devoted slaves shall have crept into the chief posts, civil and military, of the empire? We might then complain of our grievances, but we should be unable to apply a remedy. We should be treated as our forefathers were at the time to which I refer. A spirit of indignation was sometimes aroused by the papal exactions even in that dark age. Although the sufferers regarded the pope as holding the keys of heaven and hell, and therefore able to save or destroy their souls, yet they did venture to remonstrate; for even the crawling worm will turn against the hoof which is crushing it to the dust. The barons made a statement of the griev ances under which their church and nation had long been labouring; and, after enumerating the insults and oppressions cast upon them, they concluded: "We can no longer with any patience bear the foresaid oppressions, which, as they are detestable to God and man, are intolerable to us; neither, by the grace of God, will we any longer endure them"*. It is said that when these griev ances were read to the pope, in the Council of Lyons, and he found that the insatiable avarice of the court of Rome was depicted in glowing colours, he was observed to blush at the dark picture set before him; but this was all the satisfaction he gave. He would not recede a step. Nay, his extortions became more grievous than ever; for he proceeded so far as to demand at once the half of all the revenues of the non-resident clergy, and a third of the revenues of those who were resident. He also tried to compel the prelates to furnish a certain number of armed men to fight against the emperor Frederic II., whom he had excommunicated, although he was brother-in-law to the king of England. But the pope had now stretched his spiritual supremacy beyond the limits of endurance; and not only the barons, but even the clergy, and the hitherto vacillating monarch himself, became unanimous in resisting his demands; and the papal mandate was ineffectual†.
The learned counsel adverted to king John; and, while he was calling your attention to that disgraceful page in our annals, I carefully observed bis countenance, in the hope of seeing something like a blush upon it; but neither blush nor downcast eye was to be seen. Nor even did his voice falter. The triumph of papal supremacy over the right and dignity of the crown of this realm is to him, as a devoted servant of the pope, a matter only for exultation. There can be no patriotism in a heart which yields only a divided allegiance. But does my learned friend really imagine that to remind Englishmen of this transaction is the readiest way of reconciling them to papal supremacy? Does he bring that astounding fact to their minds for the purpose of showing how purely spiritual a power the Roman pontiffs exercise over their subjects? Does he advance this as satisfactory and convincing evidence that the vassals of the pope can be faithful and obedient to his holiness, and at the same time loyal to their temporal prince? Will the learned counsel still maintain that papal supremacy never can trample on the prerogatives of the crown or the liberties of the * M. Paris, p. 666.
+ Henry's Hist. Eng., vol. viii. pp. 4-10.