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THE

COLUMBIAN

CYCLOPEDIA

THIRTY-TWO VOLUMES

VOL. 20
MOB CAP-NEUTRALS

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS

BUFFALO, N. Y.
GARRETSON, COX & COMPANY

1897

KD44496

Copyright, 1890, 1895, 1897,

BY

GARRETSON, COX & COMPANY.
SCHEME OF SOUND SYMBOLS

FOR THE PRONUNCIATION OF WORDS.

Note.-(-) is the mark dividing words respelt phonetically into syl.

lables: (), the accent indicating on which syllable or syllables the accent or stress of the voice is to be placed.

Sound-sym-
bols em- Representing the Sounds as

Words respelt with ployed in exemplified in the Words. Sound-symbols and Marks Respelling

for Pronunciation. à...mate, fate, fail, aye.

. mät, fat, fäl, ā. å...mat, fat..

måt, fåt. á...far, calm, father

får, kâm, ' ther. à... care, fair

.cär, fär. aw.. fall, laud, law

fawl, laud, lau. ē...mete, meat, feet, free.. mēt, mēt, fêt, frë. ě...met, bed....

.mět, běd. e...her, stir, heard, cur

her, stér, hérd, kér. 1 ...pine, ply, height.

.pin, pli, hit. š...pin, nymph, ability. pin, nimf, a-bilă-. ö...note, toll, soul.

.nöt, töl, sõl. ö...not, plot....

.. nöt, plöt. ô... ..move, smooth..

...môn, 8mớth. ö... Goethe (similar to e in her)...gö'teh. ow. . noun, bough, cow... . nown, bow, koro. oy..boy, boil...

..boy, boyl. ū...pure, dew, few..

púr, di, . ů...bud, come, tough.

.bůd, kům, tủf. ú...full, push, good..

fúl, púsh, gud. ū...

...French plume, Scotch guid..plüm, güd.

ch...chair, match.

.chär, măch, ch... German buch, Heidelberg,

Scotch loch (guttural).. bôch, hi'dėl-běrch, loch. game, go, gun..,

.gūm, go, gůn. j....judge, gem, gin..

jůj, jěm, jin. k...king, cat, cot, cut.. .king, kåt, kot, kŭt.

.sit, scene, cell, city, cypress. .sit, sēn, sěl, siti, ' prěs. sh.. shun, ambition

.shủn, åm-bishën. th...thing, breath.

.thing, brěth. th... though, breathe.

.tho, breth. 2.... zeal, maze, muse.

..zél, máz, müz. zh...azure, vision..

ozh'er, orhån.

8...

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS WORK.

A, or adj....adjective A.B.....

A.0.0.......in the year of the

building of the city (Rome) Annourbis

conditæ Aug. ..August aug .augmentative Aust. Austrian A. V........authorized version

(of Bible, 1611) avoir.

.avoirdupois B

Boron B.

.Britannic b

..born Ba

Barium Bart .Baronet Bav

Bavarian bl.: bbl.

barrel; barrels B.C. .. before Christ B.C.L... Bachelor of Civil

Law B.D..

Bachelor of Divinity ber

before Belg. ..Belgic Beng ..Bengali Bi.

.Bismuth biog . biography, biograph.

abbr.......

Bachelor of Arts
abbreviation, abbre-

viated abl. or abla.ablative Abp.. .... Archbishop abt.

.....about Acad. ... ...Academy acc. or ac. .accusative accom.....accommodated, ac

commodation act.

.active A.D.. ....in the year of our

Lord (Anno Dom

ini) Adjt . Adjutant Adm .Admiral adv. or ad..adverb A. F

..Anglo-French Ag .Silver (Argentum) agri.

..agriculture
A. L. ...Anglo-Latin
Al.. Aluminium
Ala.

Alabama
Alb. Albanian
alg .algebra
A.M. before noon (ante

meridiem)
A.M. Master of Arts
Am.. Amos
Amer....... America, -n
anat.. anatomy, anatomical
anc. .ancient, anciently
AN. X.. ..in the year of the

world [Anno Mun

di] anon anonymous antiq ..antiquity, antiqui

ties dor

aorist, -ic app. .appendix appar. .apparently Apr.

April Ar..

Arabic arch ..architecture archæol....archæology arith.... ..arithmetic Ark .. ..Arkansas art..........article artil....... artillery AS. ...Anglo-Saxon As.. .Arsenic Assoc .... Association asst... ..assistant astrol .astrology astron ..astronomy attrib. .attributive atty ..attorney at. wt......atomic weight AU. .Gold (Aurum]

ical biol. biology B.L.

Bachelor of Laws Bohem .Bohemian

...botany, botanical
Вр .Bishop
Br

..Bromine
Braz Brazilian
Bret. ..Breton
Brig ...Brigadier
Brit. British, Britannica
bro

.brother
Bulg Bulgarian
bush. .. busbel, busbels
C.

..Carbon c.

.century
Ca

.Calcium
Cal California
Camb......Cambridge
Can Canada
Cant. .Canterbury
сар..

...capital
Capt.......Captain
Card ....Cardinal

..carpentry Cath ...Catholic caus .......causative

.cavalry Cd.

Cadmium

Cerium Celt. ...Celtic cent........central cf.

.compare (confer) ch or chh...church

bot....

carp:

cav...

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