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Dr........

Chal... .Chaldee

dift. different, difference chap. ..chapter

dim.. diminutive chem .chemistry, chemical dist.. district Chin Chinese

distrib. distributive Chron......Chronicles

div.

division chron......chronology

doz

.dozen CI.. ...... Chlorine

.Doctor Class....... Classical [= Greek dr.. ...dram, drams and Latin]

dram.......dramatic Co..... Cobalt

Dut. or D... Dutch Co.. ...Company

dwt ..pennyweight CO... .county

dynam or COR .cognate (with)

dyn......dynamics Col. ..Colonel

E.

Erbium
Col
Colossians

E. or e..... East, -ern, ward
Coll..
..College

E. or Eng. . English colloq......colloquial

Eccl.. Ecclesiastes Colo. Colorado

eccl. or ecclesiastical (af. Com.... ....Commodore

eccles.... fairs) com........commerce, commer- ed ...edited, edition, edicial

tor com..... ..common

e.g.........for example (ex comp.......compare

gratia] comp .... composition, com- E. Ind. or | East Indies, East pouud

E. I......1 Indian compar....comparative

elect. ..electricity conch .....conchology

Emp.. ..Emperor cong ....congress

Encyc...... Encyclopedia
Congl. .Congregational Eng. or E. English
COD) ..conjunction

engin......

..engineering Conn or Ct.Connecticut

entom... ..entomology contr.......contraction, con- env. ext....envoy extraordinary tracted

ep ..epistle Cop. .Coptic

Eph.

Ephesians Cor. ...... Corinthians

Episc ... Episcopal Corn....... Cornish

eq. 01 =...equal, equals corr. ...corresponding

.equivalent Cr .Chromium

esp. ...especially crystal. .crystallography

Est

Esther
Cs.
.Cæsium

equiv.....

estab. established ct.. cent

Esthonian Ct.or Conn.Connecticut

.and others like [et Cu.. ...Copper (Cuprum)

cetera) cwt ....a hundred weight Eth .Ethiopic Сус.. .Cyclopedia

ethnog.....ethnography D. ..Didymium

ethnol......ethuology D. or Dut.. Dutch

et seg......and the following d.. ..died

(et sequentia) d. (1. s. d.].. ..penny, pence

etym. ...etymology Dan. ..Daniel

Eur. European Dan. ...Danish

Ex.

Exodus dat ..dative

exclam.....exclamation dau.. ...daughter

Ezek.. Ezekiel D. C.. .District of Columbia Ezr.

. Ezra D.O.L. Doctor of Civil (or F.

.Fluorine Common) Law F. or Fahr. Fahrenheit D.D.. Doctor of Divinity f. or fem... feminine Dec. December

F. or Fr....French dec. ..declension

fa.

father det. ...definite, definition Fahr. or F. Fahrenheit deg. ..degree, degrees

far...... ..farriery Del. .Delaware

... Iron (Ferrum) del. .delegate, delegates

February dem. ...democratic

fem or f. ..feminine dep. ..deputy

fig.. ...figure, figuratively dep: ..deponent

Fin ..Finnish dept. ...department

F.-L...... French from Latin deriv. derivation,

deriva

.Florida tive

Flem Flemish Deut. Deuteronomy

for...

foreign dial. ..dialect, dialectal fort. fortification ...diameter

Fr. or F....French Dic.........Dictionary

fr...........from

Esthon.....
etc......

Fe
Feb.....

Fla.

diam...

Ir.......

H.

Kt.

treg. frequentative

ind...... .indicative Fris Frisian

indef ..indefinite ft. ..foot, feet

Indo-Eur...ludo-European fut. future

int, infantry G. or Ger... German

inf or infin.infinitive G .Glucinium

instr....... instrument, -al Ga Gallium

int... .....interest Ga .Georgia

intens. .....intensive Gael Gaelic

interj. or Gal .Galatians

int... ..interjection gal .gallon

interrog. .... interrogative pro galv. ..galvanism, galranic

noun gard.. gardening

intr. or gen.. gender

intrans...intransitive Gen. ..General

lo... Iowa Gen .Genesis

.. Iridium gen genitive

Ir.

Irish Geno, Genoese

Iran,

.Iranian geog ...geography

irr ... irregular, -ly geol.. geology

Is..

Isaiah geom. ..geometry

It..

.Italian Ger Gernian, Germany Jan.. ..January Goth. Gothic

Jap. ..Japanese Gov Governor

Jas. ..James govt government

Jer. ...Jeremiah Gr ..Grand, Great

Jn.. ..John Gr. .Greek

Josh. Joshua gr ..grain, grains

Jr.. ..Junior gram grammar

Judg ...Judges Gr. Brit....Great Britain

K. Potassium (Kalium] Gris... Grisons

K

..Kings [in Bible) gun gunnery

K.

..king
H.
Hegira

Kan. Kansas
Hydrogen

.Knight
...hour, hours

Ку. ..Kentucky Hab. Habakkuk

L... .Latin Hag ...Haggai

L.

.Lithium H. B. M. His (or Her] Britan. 1. [1. 8. d.], pound,

pounds nic Majesty

or £......1 (sterling] Heb. ..Hebrew, Hebrews La.

Lanthanium her ..heraldry

La. ..Louisiana herpet ..herpetology

Lam. .Lamentations Hg. Mercury (Hydrar- Lang Languedoc gyrum)

lang ..language hhd ...hogshead, hogsheads

Lap..

.. Lapland Hind .Hindustani, Hindu, lat ..latitude or Hindi

Ib.; llb. or pound : pounds hist history, historical lbs.. 1 (weight) Hon Honorable

Let. .Letiish bort.. ..horticulture

Lev

Leviticus
Hos
Hosea

LG

Low German Hung ..Hungarian

L.H.D., .Doctor of Polite LitHydros. ..Hydrostatics

erature .Iodine

Lieut.......

Lieutenant I.; Is .Island : Islands

Lim

.Limousin Icel ...Icelandic

Lin ..Linnæus, Linnæan ichth ...ichthyology

lit

literal,-ly Ida. ..Idaho

lit

.literature i.e.. that is (id est]

Lith. Lithuanian
III.
Illinois

lithog . lithograph, .y illus illustration

LL..

Late Latin, Low impera or

Latin impr......imperative

LL.D.. Doctor of Laws impers......impersonal

long.. ..longitude impfor imp imperfect

Luth

.Lutheran impp. p. or

M.

Middle imp .imperfect participle M.

.Monsieur improp ..improperly

m.

..mile, miles In Indium

m. ur masc..masculine in ..... inch, inches

M.A... Master of Arts incept.. .inceptive

Macc. .. .. .. Maccabees
Ind
India, Indian

mach... ....machinery Ind ..Indiana

Mag. Magazine

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Maj.. Major

N. A., or
Mal
Malachi

N. Amer.North America, -1 Mal Malay, Malayan nat.........natural manuf manufacturing,

naut....... Dautical manufacturers

nav. .navigation, naval at. Mar March

fairs masc or m.masculine

Nb

Niobium Mass.. Massachusetts

N. C. or moth. ..matbematics, math. N. Car... North Carolina ematical

N. D North Dakota Matt. Matthew

Neb .Nebraska M.D..... .Doctor of Medicine peg

..negative MD .... Middle Dutch

Neh .Nehemiah
Md
..Maryland

N. Eng..... New England
ME. Middle English, or neut or n...neuter
Old English

Nev

Nevada
Me
Maine

N.Gr........New Greek, Modern mech. ..mechanics, mechani

Greek cal

N. H

.New Hampshire med. .medicine, medical NHG .New High German mem.......member

(German) mensur....mensuration

Ni

.Nickel Messrs. or

N.J

.New Jersey MM .....Gentlemen, Sirs

NL .....

.New Latin, Modern metal. .metallurgy

Latin metaph....metaphysics, meta- N. Mex.....New Mexico physical

N. T.. or meteor.....meteorology

N. Test...New Testament Meth... ....Methodist

N. Y. New York (State) Mex.. ...Mexican

nom ...nominative Mg ..Magnesium

Norm. F... Norman French M.Gr Middle Greek

North. E ..Northern English MHG........ Middle High Ger- Norw... ...Norwegian, Norse man

Nov November Mic..... ..Micah

Num. .Numbers Mich .Michigan

numis. .....numismatics mid. middle (voice)

O

Ohio Milan Milanese mid. L. or | Middle Latin, Me- 0

Oxygen ML.

diæval Latin Obad. .Obadiah milit. or

obj. ..objective mil.... ..military (affairs) obs. or t...obsoleto min

..minute, minutes obsoles ....obsolescent mineral....mineralogy

0.Bulg.....Old Bulgarian or Old Minn .Minnesota

Slavic Min. Plen.. Minister Plenipoten. Oct. .October tiary

Odontog...odoptography Miss Mississippi

...Old

OE Old English ML. or Middle Latin, Me

OF or mid. L... } diæval Latin 0. Fr....Old French MLG........Middle Low German. OHG........ Old High German Mile... .Mademoiselle

..Ontario Mme Madam

opt ...optics, optical
Mn
Manganese

Or Oregon
Mo.
Mixsouri

ord ...order Mo. .Molybdenum

ord.... ....ordnance mod .modern

org .........organic Mont .Montana

orig

......original, -ly Mr. .Master (Mister]

ornith......ornithology Mrs. Mistress (Missis)

Os .........Osmium MS.; MSS.,manuscript; manu.

OS. ... Old Saxon scripts

0. T., or Mt. .Mount, mountain 0. Test... Old Testament mus ....music

Oxf ......

Oxford MUS. DOC.... Doctor of Music

OZ....... ..Ounce, ounces

P.. myth ......mythology, mytho

.Phosphorus
logical

P.; pp... ...page: pages
N.
.Nitrogen

p.. or part..participle
N. or n..... North, -ern, -ward Pa. or Penn. Pennsylvania
n
...noun

paint ..painting n or neut...neuter

palæon. ..palæontology NA Sodium (Natrium) parl ..parliament .Nahum

pass..........

..passivo

Ont........

pathol or

pt.. . past tense path..... pathology

pt

piut Pb... Lead (Plumbum]

Pt

. Platinum Pd Palladium

pub. published, publisher, Penn or Pa.Pennsylvania

publication pert ..perfect perh

pennyweight perhaps

pwt.

.Quebec Pers. .Persian, Persic

qt

quart pers. ... person

qtr. ..quarter (weight] persp. perspective

qu.

.query pert. .. pertaining (to)

q.v. which see

[quod Pet.. .Peter

vide) Pg. or Port. Portuguese

R.

.Rhodium phar.. .pharmacy

R

River
PE.D
.Doctor of Philoso- Rb.

.... Rubidium
phy

R. Cath.... Roman Catholic Phen.. .Phenician

rec. sec.....recording, secretary Phil. Philippians

Ref .......Reformed Philem.....Philemon

refi.

.......reflex philol. . philology, philologi- reg ..regular, -ly cal

regt. ..regiment philos. philosophy, philo- rel. pro. or or phil... sophical

rel..

..relative pronoun phonog. phonography

repr ..representing photog ..photography

repub. . .republican phren.. .phrenology

Rev. .Revelation phys.. .physics, physical Rev. The Reverend physiol.....physiology, physi- Rev. V.. .Revised Version ological

rhet.... ..rhetoric, -al Pied .Piedmontese

R. I.. Rhode Island
PI
.Plate

R. N. Royal Navy pl. or plu...plural

Rom Roman, Romans PI. D Platt Deutsch

Rom.. Romanic or

RO plupf.. ...pluperfect

mance P.H.. afternoon post meri. Rom. Cath.

Roman Catholic diem]

Ch. or R.

Church pneum pneumatics

C. Ch.... P.O. .Post-office

r.r.

railroad poet. .poetical

Rt. Rev .Right Reverend Pol. .Polish

Ru

Ruthenium pol econ...political economy Russ. Russian polit. ..politics, political r.w.. ..railway pop . population

S..

Saxon Port. or Pg.Portuguese

S.

.Sulphur poss possessive

.second, seconds pp. ...pages

s. (1. 8. d.)..shilling, shillings pp. ..past participle, per

S. or 8..

.South, -ern, -ward fect participle

S. A. or P. pr present participle S. Amer..South America, -D Bp. Or Prov. Provençal

Sam

......Samaritan pref. ..prefix

Sam..... Samuel prep ..preposition

Sans, or Pres. ..President

Skr ..Sanskrit pres .present

Sb.. . Antimony (Stibium) Presb. Presbyterian

8.c......... understand, supply, pret... ...preterit

namely (scilicet] prim.. ..primitive

S. C. or priv. ..privative

S. Car.... South Carolina prob. probably, probable Scand......Scandinavian Prof. .Professor

Scot. . . . . ... Scotland, Scotch pron.. .pronoun

scr. ..scruple, scruples pron. ....... pronunciation, pro- Scrip.... ... Scripture (s), Scrip nounced

tural prop.. .properly

sculp. ...sculpture pros. prosody

S.D........ South Dakota Prot. Protestant

..... Selenium Prov.or Pr.Provençal

sec...

....secretary Prov. .Proverbs

sec.

section prov. .province, provincial Sem. Semitic Prov. Eng..Provincial English

Sep

.September
Prus....... Prussia, -n

Serv. ... Servian
.Psalm, Psalms

Shaks. Shakespeare psychol....psychology

Si .........Silicon

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Se..

Pg..

Sr

......street

Sic.. Sicilian

trigon......trigonometry sing singular

Turk Turkish sis. .....sister

typog. typography, typoSkr. or

graphical Sans... ..Sanskirt

U

Uranium Slav ...Slavonic, Slavic

ult. .ultimate, "ly Sn Tip (Stannum]

Unit. .Unitarian Soc.. .. Society

Univ Universalist Song Sol...Song of Solomon Univ. University Sp ...Spanish

U. Presb... United Presbyterian sp. gr ..specific gravity

U.S... United States .square

U. S. A.. United States Army Sr Senior

U. S. N.. United States Navy Strontium

Ut.

Utah
Saint

V

Vanadium

verb stat.........statute

Va

Virginia 8.T.D....... Doctor of Sacred var ....variant (word) Theology

var.

variety of species] subj.. ..subjunctive

Ven. Venerable suf. ...suffix

Venet. Venetian Su. Goth... Suo-Gothic

vet.... .veterinary superl... ..superlative

v. i. or Supp. Supplernent

v. intr.... verb intransitive Supt Superintendent

vil.... .village surg ..surgery, surgical viz. ..namely, to-wit (videSurv ..surveying

licet] Sw. .Swedish

V, n........ verb peuter Swab ..Swabian

VOC

vocativo sym. ..symbol

vol.

volume syn. ..synonym, -y

vols.

.volunteers Syr. .Syriac, Syrian

Vt

Vermont t ..town

v. tr......verb transitive Ta... .Tantalum

w

..Tungsten (Wolfram] Tart.. Tartar

W

Welsh
Te
.Tellurium

West, -ern, -ward technol technology

Wal Walachian teleg. ..telegraphy

Wall

Walloon Tenn. .Tennessee

Wash Washington term. ..termination

Westph.. Westphalia, un terr territory

West Indies, West Tuut. Teutonic

Indian
Tex.
Texas

Wis. Wisconsin
Th
Thorium

wt.

.weight theat ...theatrical

W. Va... West Virginia theol ..theology, theological

Wyoming therap.....therapeutics

Y

Yttrium
Thess
Thessalonians

W. or w....

or w....

Wyo..

yd. yard Ti.. Titanium

yr.

year Tim Timothy

Zech. Zechariah
Tit.. Titus

Zeph. ..Zephaniah
TI
Thallium

Zn ... Zinc toxicol ..toxicology

zool. ..zoology, zoological tp.. ...towuship

Zirconium
tr. or trans.transitive
transl. ...... translation,

trans.
lated
See also ABBREVIATIONS: in Vol.

Zr........

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