Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives

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Oxford University Press, 2015 - Всего страниц: 287
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Sleep paralysis (characterized by an inability to move, conscious awareness in sleep, and vivid hallucinations) has a history that spans over two-thousand years. However, despite this expansive history, it is only in recent times that a scientific evidence base has accrued. The authors explore sleep paralysis from a range of historical perspectives, placing the phenomenon in a context relevant to clinicians and researchers. Dr. Brian Sharpless and Dr. Karl Doghramji's Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives examines and synthesizes theoretical and empirical literature on sleep disorder. With a focus on phenomenology and prevalence of sleep paralysis, the book situates the disorder within cultural and historical contexts. Sleep paralysis is found to be a well-described, REM-based phenomenon with a number of known behavioral and psychological correlates. The authors compile and summarize the associated features, diagnostic issues, prevalence rates, and potential etiologies. The clinical ramifications of sleep paralysis are also thoroughly examined in this important text. The authors evaluate the available assessment instruments, provide guidance on differential diagnosis, and compile what is known about its clinical impacts. Although a number of individuals are troubled by sleep paralysis, no empirically-established treatments are available. The authors present medication guidance and a brief five session cognitive-behavioral treatment (with a corresponding adherence measure and assessment instrument) for chronic cases.

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1 What Are Sleep Paralysis and Isolated Sleep Paralysis?
2 Should Sleep Paralysis Be More Frequently Assessed in Research Studies and Clinical Practice?
3 The History of Sleep Paralysis in Folklore and Myth
4 Sleep Paralysis in Art and Literature
5 Early Medicine and the Nightmare
 Typical Symptoms and Associated Features
7 Prevalence of Sleep Paralysis
8 Sleep Paralysis and Medical Conditions
13 Differential Diagnosis of Sleep Paralysis
14 Folk Remedies for Sleep Paralysis
15 Psychosocial Approaches to the Treatment of Sleep Paralysis
16 Psychopharmacology for Sleep Paralysis
17 Conclusions and Future Directions
Appendix A Terms for Sleep Paralysis
Appendix B Fearful Isolated Sleep Paralysis Interview

9 Sleep Paralysis and Psychopathology
10 Theories on the Etiology of Sleep Paralysis
11 Diagnostic Criteria Diagnostic Issues and Possible Subtypes of Sleep Paralysis
12 Review of Measures Used to Assess Sleep Paralysis
Appendix D An Adherence Measure for Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Isolated Sleep Paralysis
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Brian A. Sharpless, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Psychology and Director of the Psychology Clinic at Washington State University

Karl Doghramji, MD is a Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University; a Medical Director at Jefferson Sleep Disorders Center; and Program Director at Fellowship in Sleep Medicine.

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