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(Ratified by the People July 2, 1870; in force August 8th, 1870; and amended, in 1877. }


We, the people of the State of Illinois-grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations -in order to form a more perfect government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general wel. fare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity; do ordain and establish this constitution for the State of Illinois.



The boundaries and jurisdiction of the State shall be as follows, to-wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Wabash river; thence up the same, and with the line of Indiana, to the northwest corner of said State; thence east, with the line of the same State, to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence north along the middle of said lake, to north latitude forty-two degrees and thirty minutes; thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river, and thence down along the middle of that river to its confluence with the Ohio river, and thence up the latter river, along its northwestern shore, to the place of beginning: Provided, That this State shall exercise such jurisdiction upon the Ohio river, as she is now entitled to, or such as may hereafter be agreed upon by this State and the State of Kentucky.

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