The Freemasons: A History of the World's Most Powerful Secret Society
Simon and Schuster, 15 мая 2011 г. - Всего страниц: 368
What did Mozart and Bach, Oscar Wilde and Anthony Trollope, George Washington and Frederick the Great, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt have in common? They were all Freemasons, a subject of endless fascination. To the layman, they are a mysterious brotherhood of profound if uncertain influence, a secret society purported in some popular histories to have its roots in the fabled order of the Knights Templar, or in the mysteries of the Egyptian pyramids. They evoke fears of world domination by a select few who enjoy privileged access to wealth and the levers of power. The secrecy of their rites suggests the taint of sacrilege, and their hidden loyalties are sometimes accused of undermining the workings of justice and the integrity of nations.
Though not a mason himself, Jasper Ridley nonetheless refutes many of the outrageous allegations made against Freemasonry, while at the same time acknowledging the masons’ shortcomings: their clannishness, misogyny, obsession with secrecy, and devotion to arcane ritual. In this much-needed reassessment, he offers a substantial work of history that sifts the truth from the myth as it traces Freemasonry from its origins to the present day.
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Loyalist and Revolutionary Freemasons
The Case of William Morgan
The Lautaro Lodge
The Nineteenth Century
The New Assault on Freemasonry
Freemasonry in the World
Wilkes and Liberty
Troubles and Scandals
The American Revolution
The Magic Flute
The French Revolution
Modern Freemasonry in Britain
Are the Freemasons a Menace?
Notes and References
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Abbé Barruel accused American anti-masonic appointed army arrested Austrian Barruel became become a Freemason believed Britain British Freemasons captured Catholic Church century Charles Chevallier Communist constitutional Count of Artois court d‘Éon d’Éon death defeated denounced Denslow Duke Edward elected Emperor England English Freemasons English Grand Lodge Europe Fayette fighting France Frederick Freemasonry Freemasons French Freemasons French Revolution George German Grand Lodge Grand Master Grand Orient Hamill and Gilbert House Ibid Illuminati imprisonment independence initiated Jacobins Jews John joined Joseph King King’s Knights Templars Lautaro Lodge leaders Liberal London Lord Louis Louis XVI Magic Flute masonic lodges Masonry meeting military Minister murdered Naples Napoleon oath officers ordered organization Paris Party persecution Philippe Egalité political Pope Portugal President Prince prison Protestant Queen Radical revolutionary Roman Catholic Russian Scotland secret society sentenced South Spain Spanish story supported suppressed torture United Ustaše Wilkes William World Freemasonry wrote