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Stimson, Keenan v., (Minn.).
Stodgill, Rippe v., (Wis.).
Stone v. Evans, (Minn.).
Streitz, Holst v., (Neb.).
Sture, Red River & Lake of the
Woods R. Co. v., (Minn.). . . . .
Sturgeon R. Boom Co. v. Nester,

(Mich.)..

Sturtz v. Tanner, (Wis.).
Sullivan v. Merriam, (Neb.).
Sullivan, Nash v., (Minn ).
Svitak, Fostbinder v., (Neb.).
Sweet v. Haldane, (Mich.).
Sweet, Haldane v., (Mich.).
Switz v. Bruce, (Neb.)....
Sycamore, etc., Co. v. Grundrad,
(Neb.)

856

876
196

ining Board, (Minn.)..

110

State ex rel. v. Timme, (Wis.).
State ex rel. v. Wallichs, (Neb.).
State ex rel. v. Wallichs, (Neb.)........
State Ins. Co., Hathaway v., (lo.).. 164
State Medical Examining Board,
State ex rel. v., (Minn.)...
State Nat. Bank, Bunker v., (Neb.).
Stees v. Kranz, (Minn.)........
Stephenson v. Cook, (Io.)..
Stevens, Kerrick v., (Mich.).
Stewart, Ex parte, (Neb.).
Stewart, Collins v., (Neb.).
Stidger v. City of Red Oak, (Io.)....
Stillwater, City of, Campbell v.,
(Minn.)

Tallon v. Grand Portage Copper M.
Co., (Mich.).....

Tanner, Sturtz v., (Wis.).
Taylor v. City of Austin, (Minn.)...
Territory ex rel. v. Nowlin, (Dak.,)
-three cases...

243

852

209

213

238

915

27

238

256

241

182

888

255

11

762

Page

Toledo, A. A. & G. T. Ry. Co., Veits v., (Mich.)..

818 251

Towle, Shelly v., (Neb.).
Traders' Ins. Co., Hillock v., (Mich.) 571
Traer, Jackson v., (Io.)...
764
Travelers' Ins. Co., Lyon v., (Mich.) 829
Traverse v. State, (Wis.).
Trompen v. Verhage, (Mich.).
Turck v. Soule, (Mich.)
Turner v. Holland, (Mich.).
Tuttle v. Griffin, (Io.).....

724

53 822 51 757

878
928
157

Union Depot St. Ry. & Transf. Co.,
Carli v., (Minn.)

Upson, State v., (Io.)

320

Verhage, Trompen v., (Mich.).
Vernor v. Coville, (Mich.)....
Vincent, Laws v., (Neb.).
364 Vindquist v. Perky, (Neb.)..
645 Vocacek v. Vocacek, (Neb.).
149 Vogel v. Osborne, (Minn.).
307

Territory ex rel. v. Scott, (Dak.)....
Tessier v. Crowley, (Neb.).
Thayer v. Augustine, (Mich.).
Thomas v. Thomas, (Neb.).....
Thomas, Bell v., (Wis.)
Thomason, Ex parte, (Neb.).
Thompson v. Merriam, (Neb.).
Tift, Holcomb v., (Mich.)
Timme, State ex rel. v., (Wis.)................ 915,

122

Van Buren Div. of the Toledo & S.
H. R. Co. v. Lamphear, (Mich.).. 590
Vandevort, Johnson v., (Neb.).....
Van Dusen, Kerrick v., (Minn.).... 228
Van Hoesen v. Cameron, (Mich.)... 609
Van Meter v. Knight, (Minn.).
Van Ness v. Hadsell, (Mich.).

142

585

Van Sickle, Buffalo Co. v., (Neb.).. 261
Van Staden v. Kline, (Io.).

3

Veits v. Toledo, A. A. & G. T. Ry.
Co., (Mich.)...

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....

Wabash, St. L. & P. Ry. Co., White v., (lo.).

229

Wagner v. Cheney, (Neb.).
Wait v. Sherman, (Wis.).

815

653

928 Waldron, Hirshfield v., (Mich.)..... 628 118 Walker, City of Lincoln v., (Neb.).. 113 144 Wallace, Bazzo v., (Neb.).

866 Wallace, Bazzo v., (Neb.).

314 315

902 Wallichs, State ex rel. v., (Neb.).. 27 902 Wallichs, State ex rel. v., (Neb.)... 110 639 Walsh, Robinson v., (Mich.)..

Wamsley, George v., (Io.)..

538 1

832

557 387

901

324

252

Warder v. Rivers, (Io.)-two cases.. 739 Warner v. Warner, (Mich.). Warner, McClure v., (Neb.). Wasey v. Mahoney, (Mich.). Washburn, In re, (Minn.). Waterman, Cleghorn v., (Neb.). Waterman, Cleghorn v., (Neb.). 430 Waterman, Cleghorn v., (Neb.).. 401 Watson, Seaman v., (Neb.)............. 264 Wayne Cir. Judge, Moore v., (Mich.) 801 898 Weatherby v. Meiklejohn, (Wis.)... 374 846 Webber, Congregational Ch. of Ionia v., (Mich.)

636

877

857

926

89 173

312 Webster, Whorton v., (Wis.).
24 Week v. Bosworth, (Wis.).
627

Weimer, Sioux City, etc., R. Co. v.,

(Neb.)..

818

53

75

213

301

635 129

436

999

542 907

657

349

Weimer, State v., (Io.).
Wells, McCall v., (Mich.).
Welton v. Merrick Co., (Neb.).
West Point Manuf'g Co., Artman v.,

...

(Neb.).......

Co., (Io.).....

White, Alcona Co. v., (Mich.).
Whitford v. Crooks, (Mich.)
Whorton v. Webster, (Wis.).

Western, etc., Ins. Co., Schoeneman

v., (Neb.)..

Wheeler v. Hatheway, (Mich.)
White v. Beatty, (lo.).

White v. German Ins. Co., (Neb.)...
White v. Wabash, St. L. & P. Ry.

Page

873

171 Wilch v. Phelps, (Neb.). 890 Wild v. Boldt, (Neb.). 111 Wiles, Clark v., (Mich.). Wiley, Asch v., (Neb.). Willard v. Ford, (Neb.). Williams v. Bates, (Neb.). Willson v. Hoffman, (Mich.). Wilson v. Reedy, (Minn.)... Winslow v. Dak Lumber Co., (Minn.) 145 Wolf v. Des Moines & Ft. D. R. Co., (Io.)..

153

284

579

459

30

...

436

Wood v. Faut, (Mich.). 537 Woods, Hayden v., (Neb.). 45 Woodworth v. Mills, (Wis.). 907 Wunderlich, Fox v., (Io.)....

...

Page

840

849

63

21

859

31

37

481

897

345

728

7

See end of volume (page 979) for Tables of Northwestern Cases in State Reports.

(xii)

THE

Northwestern Reporter.

VOLUME XX.

SUPREME COURT OF IOWA.

GEORGE and others 0. WAMSLEY and others.

Filed June 12, 1884. 1. FRAUD ON CREDITORS—TBANSFER OF PROPERTY TO PARTNER.

Where the property of a partnership is transferred to one of the partners for his

benefit for a valuable consideration, he may hold it free from partnership debts. 2 SAME-CONSIDERATION.

An agreement between the members of a partnership and one of their number that if he will remain in the firm they will pay his private indebtedness, shows & valuable consideration; and the payment to a bank of this indebtedness held not

fraudulent as to creditors. & SAME-PAYMENT-RELEASE OF SECURITY.

Where a debt is paid its securities are released. Appeal from Butler district court.

Plaintiffs brought an action by attachment against defendants Wamsley & Hartness, and caused the Butler County Bank to be served with process of garnishment. The garnishee answered, denying indebtedness to defendants, and denying that it held any property of defendants. Issue was joined upon this answer, and upon the final hearing of the cause the garnishee was discharged. Plaintiffs appeal. The facts of the case appear in the opinion.

Mills & Keeler and H.C. Hemenway, for appellants. Gibson & Dawson and C. A. L. Rozell, for appellees.

BECK, J. 1. The answer of the garnishee was made before a commissioner, and in detail states and explains the transactions by virtue of which plaintiffs claim that it is liable in this proceeding, and in effect denies indebtedness to defendants, and liability as a garnishee. The plaintiffs filed a pleadling controverting the answer of the garnishee, and showing facts whereon they base the claim of its liability in this proceeding. The pleadings of the parties need not be more particularly stated just now.

The facts upon which the garnishee is sought to be charged are shown by the evidence to be as follows: The defendants were engaged in a general merchandise business upon a capital of $500, contributed in equal parts by

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each partner. Wamsley had no means other than the sum he put in the firm, and Hartness was entirely without means, and was indebted as a partner in a firm that had ceased to do business. He borrowed from the bank the money which he put into the business with Wamsley. He also owed the bank as a partner in the firm with which he had before been connected. Wamsley & Hartness became indebted to the bank in the course of their business. It is shown that Hartness, who had more acquaintance with and experience in business than his partner, proposed to retire from the firm and appropriate his interest therein to the payment of the debts he owed to the bank. He was induced to remain in the concern by an arrangement that the firm should pay his debts to the bank, amounting to less than $500. In pursuance of this arrangement the partners borrowed of Perrin, the vice-president and a director of the bank, a sum sufficient to pay the debts, both of the firm and Ilartness, to the bank. This loan was secured by a chattel mortgage upon the stock of goods held by the firm, and the money realized by the loan was paid to the bank. The next day after the execution of the mortgage to Perrin, the firm made a bill of sale to Burton on account of an indebtedness to him. Burton took possession of the goods, and immediately the partners made an assignment of all their other property for the benefit of their other creditors, whose debts amounted to more than $3,500. The invoice value of the property assigned was about $1,200, and S575 have been realized therefrom. The evidence shows that the bank, at the time the money was borrowed and paid to it, had notice of the arrangement by which the payment was effected, and also had notice of the pecuniary condition of IIartness. It is not shown that the bank had knowledge of the indebtedness of the firm to other creditors besides itself and Burton, and of the value of its assets. The partners testify that they believed the device of borrowing the money of the bank to retain Hartness in the firm would enable it in the course of its business to pay all its debts, and it is shown that one or both of them so informed the bank.

2. The plaintiffs claim that the bank should be held liable in this proceeding for the amount of the individual debt of Hartness, paid to it by the firm. The grounds upon which this claim is based we understand to be: First, that the act of the bank in securing payment from the firm was fraudulent in fact as against other creditors of the firm; second, the payment of the individual debt of the partner from the firm assets is in law a fraud as against other creditors of the copartnership, being regarded as a voluntary payment. We do not understand counsel for plaintiffs to claim that the partnership debts are liens in law upon the firm property, but that they are enforceable as equitable liens.

3. We discover no evidence warranting the conclusion that the acts of the bank, connected with the transaction in question, were fraudulent in fact. It clearly appears that they were not devised for the purpose of defeating other creditors, but were done in good faith for the purpose of securing payment of its own claim against the firm and Hartness. The bank had no notice of the insolvency of the firm, and was authorized to believe the statement made by the partners that it would be able, through the arrangement by which Hartness was retained in the concern, to pay all its debts. With this information and belief based thereon, there could have been no bad faith upon the part of the bank.

4. We think the position of plaintiffs' counsel, which seems to have support in anthorities cited by them, to the effect that the payment of the individual debt of Hartness out of the assets of the firm is in law regarded as voluntary and fraudulent as to the creditors of the copartnership, is not in accord with the law as settled by prior adjudications of this court. We have held that property of a firm may, for a valuable consideration, be transferred to a partner, and held by him free froin partnership debts. City of Maquoketa v. Willey, 35 Iowa, 323. See, also, as bearing upon this point, Scudder v. Delashmut, 7 Iowa, 39; Hawkeye Woolen Mills v. Conklin, 26

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