An Address on the Botany of the United States: Delivered Before the Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts. To which is Added A Catalogue of Plants Indigenous to the State of New York

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Websters and Skinners, 1814 - Всего страниц: 76
 

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Стр. 18 - Rheede has exhibited in a coarse delineation of its leaves only — its flowers, in their perfect state, are among the loveliest objects in the vegetable world ; and appear, through a lens, like minute rubies and emeralds in constant motion from the least breath of air. It is the sweetest and most nutritious pasture for cattle ; and its usefulness added to its beauty induced the Hindus, in their earliest ages, to believe that it was the mansion of a benevolent nymph.
Стр. 23 - The weeding should take place as early as possible in the spring of the third year ; and the crop, instead of being left for seed, may be cut three times, during summer, for green fodder, all kinds of cattle being remarkably fond of it. " In October, the roots are taken up, the offsets carefully separated, and immediately used to form a new plantation ; and the roots, after being dried, are sold, either without further preparation, or ground to a coarse powder, and sprinkled with an alkaline lie....
Стр. 18 - Even the Veda celebrates it ; as in the following text of the A't'h&rvana : ' May Durvh, which rose from the water of life, which has a hundred roots and a hundred stems, efface a hundred of my sins, and prolong my existence on earth for a hundred years!
Стр. 22 - Agricultural Trans. vol. 1st, p. 367. •§ The following directions for raising Madder, may be useful, they are copied from the Emporium of Arts, vol. 4th, No. 2, p. 325. " This plant may be propogated either by offsets or seeds ; if the latter method is preferred, the seed should be of the true Turkish kind, which is called tizari in the Levant.
Стр. 23 - ... seeds. If the latter method is preferred, the seed should be of the true Turkish kind, which is called Lizari, in the Levant. On a light, thin soil, the culture cannot be carried on to any great profit. ,The soil in which the plant delights is a rich, sandy loam, being three feet in depth, or more. " The ground, being first made smooth, is divided into beds four feet wide, with alternate alleys half as wide again as the beds. The reason of this extraordinary breadth of the alleys will presently...
Стр. 23 - May, with giving the beds a thorough weeding ; and care must be taken to supply them with plenty of water during the summer. In September, the first crop of seed will be ripe ; at which time the stems of the plants may be mown down, and the roots covered a few inches with earth, taken as before out of the alleys. " The weeding should take place as early as possible in the spring of the third year ; and the crop, instead of being left for seed, may be cut three times, during summer, for green fodder,...
Стр. 23 - The madder seed is sown broad-cast, in the proportion of from twenty-five to thirty pounds per acre, about the end of April. In a fortnight or three weeks, the young plants begin to appear ; and from this time to the month of September, care must be taken to keep the ground well watered, and free from weeds. ' If the plants are examined in autumn, they will be...
Стр. 16 - Behen nut in England, and I find no difference between it, and the olive oil. Why should this last be imported ? But I doubt whether the Ben or Behen nut be the same with the Benni seed. I suspect this last to be the Sesamum ,- but I have never seen it. The Behen nut, Glans unguentarins, Balenos murepsiki, is the fruit of the Gnilandina Moringa.
Стр. 28 - The Columbo root was discovered in the western part of this state last summer, by Mr. Whitlow. Willdenow supposes it to belong to a species of the Bryonia. This however is doubtful. A technical name, it is known, will shortly be given to the plant. Its present appellation is from Columbo, a town in Ceylon from whence all India is supplied. It grows also in Africa,! and forms an important article of commerce with the Portuguese at Mozambique. Its use and importance in medicine is fully established,...
Стр. 20 - It grows also to advantage in a rich, moist, upland loom. It can be raised from the seed or root, as it is a hardy perennial. The seed should be planted in the spring, and the roots in the fall months. If the fibre is •wanted for the finest fabrics, the plant should be cut while in full flower ; but if only for common use, it will yield more by standing till completely ripe. After being cradled> which is the most proper way to cut it, the stalk should be suffered to lie on the ground some days,...

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