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as much the first four years with them as published at Paris in 3 volumes. This work in six without them. It appears," she obe is said to excite great interest from the taserves, “ that the great secret in raising lents and means of information possessed plantations of oaks is, to get them to ad- by the author, who died in 1813. vance rapidly the first eight years from By a royal ordinance of July 9th, several seed, or the first five years from planting, persons have obtained patents for steamso as the heads of the trees are completely engines. Among these are, Mr Isaac Cox united, and become a smothering crop: Barnet, for a machine producing immeafter this is effected, the trees will appear diately, according to him, a rotary motion; to strive to outgrow each other, and will -Jr Wm. Paxton, for the importation advance in height rapidly; they will be and improvement of a new steam-engine ; clean straight trees, to any given height: -M. ilonore Dalmas, residing at Castelo experiments have proved the fact, which naudary, for a machine for applying the may be verified by viewing Belvoir.” It action of fire to the rotary motion of Houris impossible, in recording these important miils and other purposes ;-M. Bayneris experiments, to withhold our admiration of for additions and improvements to the the illustrious lady in whom they originat- steam-engine ;-the Marquis de Jouffray ed, and by whom they have been success
for the same.
Several patents have also fully directed. Distinguished alike for su- been granted by the same ordinance to difperior beauty, for every domestic virtue, ferent persons for extraordinary amusefor high birth and rank, and for personal ments: as, for example, to Sieur Benoiste, graces which eclipse the blaze of family restaurateur on the Boulevard of Mont jewels—she has nevertheless rendered her Parnasse for his Promenade Suisse ; to the opportunities subservient to science, and set Sieurs Beury, Vallede, and Ruggieri, for an example to her sex of pursuits at once the Saut de Niàgura ; to Sieur Lesigne, for useful and innocent.
machinery for setting in motion fifteen car
riages at once, and which he calls PronuFRANCE.
nude Dedalienne.-Other patents have been At a late meeting of the Royal Academy granted to Sieur Allix for the manuiacture of Sciences, M. Moreau de Jonnes com- of wigs that are not affected by perspiramunicated some particulars respecting the tion; Briard for a cosmetic, called by him great viper of Martinique, in addition to Ex de Rosicres ; Fabre for a cosmetic those formerly given to the public. It is a called des Templiers ; Darcet for processes fact that this serpent grows to the length of for extracting the gelatine contained in seven or eight feet, and to a diameter of bones; Cabany for a copying machine ; four or five inches. M. Desfourneaux, a Gengembre, senior and junior, for appaplanter of Martinique, some months since ratus applicable to the system of illuminakilled one of these reptiles which had at- tion by inflammable gas; Thilorier for tained these dimensions, and which, when processes for the construction of radeau.c erect on its tail, would have considerably plongeurs ; Sartoris for a kind of fire-arms exceeded the height of a man. Upon an which is loaded at the breech ; Blanchet examination of the membranous sheath and Binet for a hydraulic crane ; Marwith which the mouth is laterally furnish- guerite for plating needles with silver ; ed, there were found on both sides sixteen Passe for a lamp which he terms hydrostachannelled teeth of different sizes, but only tique regulateur ; Lousteau for making two of these having reached their full hats of cotton or other fibrous substances ; growth, served as formidable weapons to Matthieu de Dombasle for a still called this enormous reptile. By a singularity combineur hydropneumatique ; Lemir seworthy of remark, the trigonocephalus pos- nior and junior, for making nails cold; sesses the faculty of living alike in the and Jomard de Savergue for making a limarshes on the same level with the sea, quor which he calls kilischi. and on the tops of mountains among the A Society of German literati at Paris clouds, notwithstanding the difference of have announced a periodical work, to comtemperature, which is equal to twelve de- mence in the month of October, with the grees of the centigrade thermometer, and title of Chronique Allemande de Paris, which, in the torrid zone, produces a very which, to the exclusion of politics, is depowerful impression on organized bodies. signed to embrace whatever is calculated M. Desfourneaux has recently found, on to exhibit the character of the Parisians in ascending the volcanic peaks of Carbel, four regard to morals, arts, sciences, and soof these vipers inhabiting the lofty forests ciety. of those mountains, 1600 yards above the The Abbé de Robineau, to whom phyAtlantic.
sics is indebted for ingenious essays, and Memoirs of the History of the Fifty new explanations of the wonders of the Years from 1760 to 1810, by the late Abbé loadstone, has communicated a new theory, Georgel, a distinguished member of the or- by which he explains, with the greatest tas der of the Jesuits, and confidential secre- cility, the phenomena of vision. tawy to Cardinal de Rohan, are about to be M. de la Salle, amongst other literary
essays of great local importance, has given formation, and diffuse useful knowledge. an interesting sketch of the history of the It affords of course not much entertainment, Troubadours.
and its value is therefore not duly appreThe Annales Encyclopédiques of M. Mil. ciated by many. Of the periodical works lin add to the reputation of their author : for the fashionable world, the principal is the last number is rich in biography; con- the Weiner Moden Zeitung, und Zeitstaining that of P. Lanzi, the celebrated an- chrift für Kunst schöne Litteratur und tiquary ; M. le Comte de Choiseul Gouf. Theater. Under the first title it gives fier, ditto ; and M. Suard, the perpetual weekly a good plate with description either secretary of the French Academy, and of dresses or furniture; but the most imtranslator of Robertson's works.
portant part of the work belongs to the A French physician has in his cabinet other heads. The theatrical critic, Wil. two galvanic piles, sixteen inches high, liam Hebenstreit, is one of the most diswhich alternately attract a pretty heavy tinguished connoisseurs in Germany, who beam. The continual oscillation of the unites French severity with German grabeam gives motion to a pendulum, which vity and science. It is universally acknowhas never stopped for three years. The ledged that no native publication ever posé physician is now endeavouring to give to sessed his equal in this line.--Next comes this movement an isochronism, which may the Sammler, (the Gleaner,) a work of pure render it more useful.
entertainment, printed with the same tyDr Vincent, surgeon of the first class of pographical elegance as the preceding, the port of Brest, has written a letter to but chietiy composed of articles from the the inspector of the service of health of the latest Almanacs, the Morgenblutt, Erhcit. marine, under date of the 18th June 1817; erungen, &c. This robbery—which ought in which he informs him, that he has veri- perhaps to be forgiven for the sake of the fied the experiments of Peaumur, on the title, is not even excused by a judicious sereproduction of the members torn from lection. The notices respecting the theatres crabs, lobsters, crawfish, &c. The joint of Vienna and the principal provincial of the member torn off at first becomes co- theatres, are the best part of the work, and vered with a horny operculum, which at though they do not enter so deeply into the length exfoliates shoots, and the shoots, subject as M. Hebenstreit, they seem in rounded and solitary, also possessing á general just, impartial, and satisfactory. horny exterior, incloses the new member; The Weiner Theater-Zeitung is as far still membranous, artfully rolled upon it- inferior to the two preceding in intrinsic self, and deprived of solidity, it acquires merit as in external appearance. In low this property only some time after, in un- and vulgar language it dispenses praise and rolling and propelling the shoot, which by censure in a manner not at all calculated to this mechanism is driven out by the very obtain credit, and takes pleasure in decrypart to which it served as a matrix : from ing all that is noble and sublime in the art which we perceive, that there is a great which it is incapable of attaining. The analogy between this process of animal na- Magazin für Zietungs-Lesir, (Magazine ture, and the shoots or buds of vege- for the Readers of Newspapers,) which tables.
ought rather to be called the Magazine for M. Levrat, a French chemist, has dis- those who do not read Newspapers, is a covered that the seed of the yellow water compilation from German newspapers and flag of marshes, known to botanists by journals that might well be dispensed with. the name of Iris pscuduceros, when dried At the head of the political papers is the by heat and freed from the friable shell Oestreichische Beobachter, perhaps the most which envelopes it, produces a beverage important German journal for the future similar to coffee, but much superior in historian, on account of the documents contaste and flavour.
nected with the history of the times, which
it gives in a more complete form than any AUSTRIA.
other similar publication. Nothing can be The number of German periodical works more tedious than the Wiener Zeitung, published at Vienna is more than a dozen. which is in general so occupied with proTwo of them deserve to rank among the motions, honorary distinctions, and chamost celebrated in Germany. The first ritable contributions, that very little space and most important of these publications is is left for political events; indeed, the conthe Archiv für Geographie, Historie, ductors seem to care very little whether it Staatsund Kriegs-kunst, conducted by Ba circulates or not. A popular political pubron von Hormayr, which contains not only lication, the Wanderer, seems designed to very excellent historical essays by the best make that part of the public for whom the writers of the Austrian monarchy, but al. newspapers properly so called are too dry, so many rare documents of still greater acquainted with the history of the times in value. The Vaterländischen Blätter, edit- an entertaining manner : but besides polied by the well known Austrian writer, Dr tical transactions, it contains so many kinds Sartory, is designed to convey statistical in- of essays, and its plan is so comprehensive,
that it would be difficult to determine its His first excursion was to Iceland, where, precise limits. Many of the papers in it, supported by the Danish government, he however, possess great merit. Die Briefe resided three years. The regions of Caudes Eipeldauers is a satirical work written casus are now the object of his curiosity ; in the vulgar dialect. In addition to the patronized on this occasion also by the above, there appear at Vienna one Greek government, he is going to seek among the and two Bohemian newspapers, a French Caucasian tribes the origin of the ancient and an Italian journal, a Literatur-Zeit. northern language and mythology. The ang, Kleine Schriften historish-statistischen idea of this journey seems to have been Inhalts, with plates and maps in monthly excited in M. Rask by his prize essay, not numbers, and Abendunterhaltungen. The yet printed, “On the Origin of the Icelandic number of periodical works, and the rich. Language.” In this essay he has investiness of those which consist of original mat- gated the original sources, and clearly ter, bespeak the great number of literati proved the great similarity of the aboveresident at Vienna, for it is singular enough, mentioned language to the Greek and Rothat the writers in the provinces contri. The learned Icelander Finn Magbute very little to these literary enter- nussen, professor at the university of Coprises.
penhagen, has expressed the same opinion
in his Lectures on the mythic and ethic SAXONY
Poems of the ancient or Sämund Edda. Dr Eichhoff, of Dresden, is engaged The latest work on Icelandic literature, upon a history of all the European sove- published at Copenhagen, is that of the reigns that have been put to death from meritorious professor Nyerup, author of the time of Charlemagne to Louis XVI. the dictionary of the Scandinavian Mytho
Richard Roos (Engelhard) is preparing logy, (Copenhagen, 1816;) and contains a life of Böttiger, the inventor of porcelain the introduction to Lectures on the history Lindau has presented the visitors of Dres- of the study of the Northern Mythology. den with an estimable and entertaining The Royal Economical Society of Co. guide through that city. Fashion has this penhagen, founded in 1768, now numbers summer introduced a new application of 300 members, and its annual receipts, incork, which is now used for making ladies' cluding the royal grants, amount to 6000 hats. They differ from straw hats in this rix-dollars. T'en volumes of the Transacparticular, that the material is put together tions of this Society have appeared, and in the manner of fish-scales.
they contain many very important papers.
Other useful treatises also are published at PRUSSIA.
the expence of this Society, which moreThe contest for and against animal mag. over possesses a very fine and instructive netism continues at Berlin ; but as it has collection of models. The late Major-Genot yet led to any result, the king has of- neral Classen bequeathed to it not only his fered a prize of 300 ducats for the essay collections of minerals, models, and mawhich shall most satisfactorily demonstrate thematical instruments, but also his vathe efficacy or futility of this new remedy. luable library, which was particularly rich Meanwhile, physicians only are permitted in mathematical works, and is now open to to magnetise, and these are required to fur. the public. At the expence of this Socienish the government with a statement of ty useiul instruments for agriculture and their experiments and success in each indi. other branches of in ustry are distributed,
various kinds of fruit-trees out of its nurseries are sold at a low price to the pea
sants, and an encouragement is afforded to At a late meeting of the Scandinavian Lis the formation of small libraries of books terary Society, Professor Broenstedt red an adapted to the use of the lower classes. Such essay on an ancient chronicle in rhyme, by collections are now to be found in many Robert Vace, canon at Caen, and court- villages. poet to Henry II. in the 12th century. This chronicle, which has never been pub
RUSSIA. lished, relates the exploits of Hasting, Count Nicolai Petrowitsch Rumanzow Rollo, and the first Normans in Bretagne has recently received from Canova a most
M. Broenstedt gave last beautiful colossal statue of Peace in white
tures on Modern marble. In one hand she holds an oliveGreece, its inhabitants, antiquities, &c. branch, and supports herself with the which he will resume next winter.
other against a pillar on which are these The young scholar, M. Rask, advan- three inscriptions :-Peace o Ano, 1743 rageously known by his Icelandic Gram- ---Peace of Kainardshi, 1,74_Prace of mar, and his profound knowledge of the Fredericksham, 1809.—The first was conlanguage and antiquities of Iceland, has cluded by Alexander Iwanowitsch, who undertaken a new journey for the elució was raised on the occasion to the rank of dation of the antiquities of the North. a count ; the secoud, with the Porte, by
his son, Peter Alexandrowitsch ; and the translations or imitations of the German, as, third' by the present Count, who has caused for example : Burger's Leonora, Schiller's this statue to be executed as a memorial of Cassandra, &c. He spends the greatest the services rendered by his ancestors to part of the year at Dorpat, and was last their country. Four works by the same year honoured with the diploma of doctor artist, which lately adorned the palace of of philosophy by that university. An Malmaison, are now at the Hermitage :- Epistle to the Emperor Alexander on the a female dancer, Paris, Cupid and Psyche, last campaign, and a lyric poem— The and Hebe.
Bard on the Ruins of the Kreml-are conThe death of Otto von Richter, the tra- sidered as his best compositions. veller, a man equally distinguished for su- The “ Society of the Friends of the Na. perior qualities of the head and heart, has tional Literature," at Kasan performed a excited universal sympathy in the Russian funeral service in honour of Dershawin, metropolis. He was the eldest son of a the poet, a native of that city, who died most respectable Livonian family, whose last year. Dershawin's Ode on God exthirst of knowledge impelled him to ex- perienced an extraordinary distinction ; for plore the inhospitable regions of Africa and the Emperor of China had it translated Asia. In company with Lindman the into the Chinese language, printed on costSwede, he had traversed all Egypt and ly stuff, and hung up in his apartmentNubia, and had discovered in the territory an honour which scarcely any other poet of Meroe very considerable remains of an. of any nation has to boast of. cient architecture, not observed by any Among the publications which have preceding visitor. A firman from the lately appeared at Petersburgh, are EpheGrand Signior procured the travellers the merides Russes, politiques, litteraires, his. requisite protection and support to en- toriques et necrologiques, pur Spada, and able them to penetrate to Ibrim, the ca- Description des Objets les plus remar. pital of Nubia. Much as he was pleased quables de la Ville de Petersbourg et de with the inhabitants, who are remarkable ses Environs, par Paul Swinin, author of for personal beauty, and with their way of Picturesque Travels in North America. living, he deemed it advisable to return to The designs are neat and faithful, and the Cairo for fear of a civil war, which actu- text, in Russian and French, entertaining. ally broke out soon after his departure. At An English translation of Atala, by the Cairo the travellers ran the greatest risk of chaplain of the English factory at Cronstadt, their lives in August 1815, from the in- is just published. An Essai critique sur surrection of the Arnauts, who not only l'Histoire de Livonie, in 3 vols. by Count plundered all the magazines and shops in de Bray, Bavarian Ambassador to the several quarters of the city for two succes- Court of Russia, is in the press. The sive days, but for eight nights running at- whole edition of this performance is destacked the quarter of the Franks, which, tined as a present to the university of Dorhowever, was saved by the courageous re- pat, the produce to be laid out on histori, sistance of the Europeans assembled there. cal works for its library. General Jomini From Cairo the travellers proceeded by is engaged upon a history of the last two water to Jaffa. At Acre they parted, and campaigns, for which Field Marshal BarRichter went alone by way of Tyre and clay de Tolly has, among others, contriSidon to Balbeck, the ruins of which made buted very interesting materials. As the a deeper impression upon him than the climate of Russia does not agree with him, vast masses of Luxor and Memphis. He he has availed himself of the leave of abthen traversed Syria as far as the moun- sence granted him for two years, and retains of Lebanon, and even visited Tadmor turned to Switzerland. in the Desert. In the wild marshy envi- The Society of Sciences at Warsaw ofrons of the ancient Ephesus, he contracted fers a prize of 50 gold ducats for the best the germs of a putrid fever, which carried directions for the preservation of health. him off in a few days at Smyrna.
It does not want a scientific treatise, but a The Emperor has granted a pension of popular and useful book. 4000 rubles to the Chevalier Schukovsky, the favourite poet of the Russian nation,
EAST INDIES. “ not only,” as the ukase issued on the The rich, learned brahman of Calcutta, occasion expresses it, “ as a token of his Ramohun-Roy, who is versed in the Sungsfavour, but also to secure to him the ne. krit, Persian, and English languages, has cessary independence." This grant was paid a visit to the missionaries at Seramaccon panied with a diamond ring from pore. We has not renounced his caste, and the Emperor.-Schukovsky was born in this enables him to visit the richest fami. 1783, in the Government of Tula, and lies of Hindoos. Since the publication of educated in the school belonging to the his translation of the Vedant, several reuniversity of Moscow. His poems, which spectable inhabitants of Calcutta have dehave been published in two volumes, are clared themselves Mono-theists, and have yery highly esteemed. Many of them are united in a society, with a view to mutual
assistance in adopting a system of worship 3. In sixteen languages a commenceconformable to their faith in one eternal, ment has been made in printing the New unchangeable, omnipotent, and omnipre- Testament. In some of them considerable sent Deity,-regarding all other gods, pre- progress has been made, though we are not tended gods, or representatives of God as enabled to state how far each distinct transblasphemers and impostors.
lation is advanced. The following is the state of the versions 4. Preparations for translation and printof the Scriptures under the care and con- ing, in a greater or less degree of forwardduct of the missionaries in the establish- ness, are made in fourteen different lanment at Serampore :-
guages. 1. The whole Old and New Testaments 5. To these may be added the seven lanare translated, printed, and extensively cir- guages in which the New Testament has culated, in the languages of Bengal and been printed, or is printing at Serampore, Orissa.
on account of the Calcutta Auxiliary Bible 2. The New Testament is printed and Society ; which will make the whole numcirculated in five other languages-the ber amount to forty-four. Sungskrit, Hindee, Mahratta, Punjabee, Dr Marshman has also been enabled to and Chinese ; in the two former, one half complete the translation of the whole Bible of the Old Testament is printed also ; and into the Chinese language. in the remaining three, considerable progress is made.
MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
History, Biography, and General LiteraARTS, FINE.
ture. By the Rev. G. G. Scraggs, A. M. Ax Attempt to discriminate the Styles
Institutes of Grammar as applicable to of English Architecture from the Con. the English Language, or as introductory quest to the Reformation : preceded by a
to the Study of other Languages, systemaSketch of the Grecian and Roman Orders, tically arranged and briefly explained. To with Notices of nearly five hundred Eng. which are added, some Chronological lish Buildings. By Thomas Rickman. Tables. By James Andrew, LL. D. 8vo. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Elements of Latin Hexameters and Memoirs of the last Months of the Life Pentameters. 2s. of Mr Thomas Vaughan, late of Pentonville, and a short time Deputy Purveyor Vol. IV. Part II. 4to. L. 3. 3s.
Transactions of the Geological Society. of the Forces under Lord Wellington. 12mo. 3s. Od. Memoirs of the Life of the Elder Scipio
The History of the Ancient Noble FaAfricanus, with Notes and Illustrations. mily of Marmyun, with their singular Of. By the Rev. Edward Berwick. Post 8vo. fice of King's Champion ; collected from 78.
the Public Records. By T. C. Banks,
Esq. 4to. L. 1, 15s. 8vo. 18s. Practical Discourses. By the Author of a Monument of Parental Affection to a The whole Proceedings on two Petitions dear and only Son. 8vo.
in the Court of Chancery ex parte Crosby The Importance of Christian Union on in re Crosby, and ex parte Wilkie in re the Established Principles of our National Crosby, heard before the Lord Chancellor Church. By the Rev. John Mackinnon, in Lincoln's Inn Hall, August 22, 1817. M.A.
A Treatise on the Game Laws, in which The Dauphin Virgil, with Dr Carey's it is fully proved that except in particular Clavis Metrico-Virgiliana prefixed. Cases, Game is now, and has always been,
A Lexicon of the Primitive Words of the by the Law of England, the property of Greek Language, inclusive of several lead, the Occupier of the Land on which it is ing Derivatives upon a new Plan of Ar- found and taken. With Alterations sugrangement. For the use of Schools. By gested for the Improvement of the System. the Rev. John Booth, Curate of Kirby By Edward Christian, Esq. Professor of Malzeard, near Ripon, Yorkshire. 8vo. 9s. the Laws of England, and Chief Justice of
Questions Resolved ; containing a plain Ely. 8vo. 10s. and concise Explanation of near Four Hun. MEDICINE, SURGERY, &c. dred Difficult Passages of Scripture, and Medico-Chirurgical Transactions pubconcise answers to important Questions in lished by the Medical apd Chirurgical So