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frequently witnessed on the coast of and moreover entertained such a true Calabria, and likewise, it is said, in respect for them, that the “ Brown some parts of Ireland.
Man of the Moors” himself, the most The popular belief in the existence of malignant sprite of the elfin kind, Fairies still remains almost unimpaired could scarcely have had the heart to in some of the more remote parts of the do her an injury. Nanzy has freBorders ; though it is generally allow- quently met with fairy processions ed that they are now very seldom seen when she chanced to be late or early in the southern parts of the island. out of doors; and has more than once The opinion current among the pea- received presents from her aërial santry is, that, after the land had been neighbours ;-among other things, purged from popish superstitions and very nice rolls of fairy butter have prelatic corruptions, the “gude neigh- occasionally been laid down before her bours," as they were usually called, on the grass when she had occasion to found it expedient likewise to retreat go to market. But she was too good to the Highlands and “ other siclike a Christian, and too well aware of the unenlightened and uncivilized regions. insidious nature of such gifts, to use A similar cause is assigned for their this in “ony meltith," though she apdisappearance by Cleland, the Camero- plied it without hesitation to other nian poet, who, as might be expected, household purposes. The place where speaks of them somewhat rigidly, she resided was an old ruinous hamthough, at the same time, evident- let, containing only five habitable cotly with a degree of hankering par- tages, all of which were tenanted sepatiality, not unlike that with which' ratim et divisim by old unmarried wothe pious mountaineers of the present men, except one that was occupied by an day still regard these old “ "neigh- aged weaver and his wife. It stood at bours," in spite of all the clerical tul- the bottom of a black heathy hill, was minations which have been so frequent- dreary and desolate in appearance, and ly launched against them. Cleland, remote from even the cross-roads of alluding to the classical attributes of the country; and was very well known certain Border streams, whose poetical to be huunted itself, as well as several
vertue .” he with some justice as- places in its immediate vicinity. At eribes chiefly to the haunting of these a little distance down the valley lay a aërial visitants, says
marshy recess, traversed by a moor* For there, and several other places
land stream called the Laike, which, About mill-dams and green brae faces,
from time immemorial, had been Both elrich Ells and Brownies stayed,
haunted by the unhappy ghost of an And green-gown'd Fairies daunc'd' and unchristened infant, which a cruel moplayed :
ther was said to have murdered there When old John Knox and other some at some former period. Many persons Began to plott the baggs of Rome, have heard this wailing spectre--when They suddenly took to their heels, a school-boy, I once enjoyed the horAnd did no more frequent these fields : rible satisfaction of fancying I heard But if Rome's Pipes perhaps they hear, Sure for their interest they'll compear
its unearthly cry myself but no
body was ever known to have seen it Again, and play their old Hell's tricks,"&c.
except old Nanzy. She "gat a sight Yet, though thus proscribed, and o’t ae morning," she said, “just afore exiled from our Scottish Arcady, the the skriegh o' day, as she was gaun Fairy-folk are still supposed to pay, through the Laike on her way to the now and then, a passing visit to their market : Hearing its eirie erlish mæne, old haunts, and to keep up a sort of she lookit up the wæter, and just gat shy correspondence with a few favour- a glim o't as it was hovan away like, ed individuals. A most worthy old i' the mist, wi' its bit wee waesome woman of my acquaintance, who, for hands streekit out, and its elfish body the greater part of a century, resided swathed like a corpse in the dead in a spot very well known to me, has cleeding.” long held much familiar and kindly Still nearer the old hamlet, at about intercourse with them. Indeed, their the distance of half a Scotch mile, intercourse with old Nanzy could stood an old farm-house, which, about scarcely be otherwise than of a kindly 60 or 70 years ago, is said to have been description, for she possessed such an visited by a bogle much more uncominexhaustible fund of good nature, mon, as well as more familiar, than
the “ Greetin Bairn o' the Laike.” and forthwith went to the landlord, This being was neither fairy, ghost, nor
and declared in their name and his brownie, but appears to have par- own, that, unless the witches were put taken somewhat of the peculiar attri- away next term, or else scored abutes of all the three. I have often, boon the breath,”, all the other cotwhen a boy, listened with intense and ters would leave the place. It was in fearful interest to the strange and vain to reason on the subject,-and mysterious tales related of this “el- the unhappy beldames were obliged to rich incubus,” but the purport of flit. This occurred oply about a dozen these was altogether so undefined and years ago. I was myself acquainted shadowy, that I cannot now detail with the supposed witches, one of them with any degree of accuracy or
whom (the crazy one) rather encourdistinctness. I remember, however, aged the belief of her magical endowthat this creature was said generally ments. She was generally known by to take the appearance of an ancient the name of Whistling Ann. man, wild, withered, dwarfish, and While on this subject, I may
notice deformed ; that it played a number that, between Traquair and Selkirk, I of malicious tricks to such as gave of- passed Plora Wood, distinguished for fence to it ; that it never on any occa
a remarkable feat of the Fairies, who sion was known to speak; but at length are said to have carried off from this one winter evening it came and took place a little girl, and after keepa seat among the family, who were sit- ing her a considerable time, and shewting round the kitchen fire,—when a ing her all the wonders of Fairyland, servant girl who was churning having left her asleep, as the story goes, upon offered it a bowl of cream, it thought the same spot from whence they had fit to fly up the chimney, and was stolen her away. Upon this legend, never since seen nor heard of. When Mr Hogg is understood to have foundI met with the account of Gilpin ed his very beautiful and enchanting Horner for the first time in the notes tale of Kilmeny. to the “ Lay of the Last Minstrel," The pastoral braes of Plora seem to I was very forcibly struck with the have been peculiarly favoured by these resemblance of that elfish sprite 'to and other beneficent genii. The this anomalous ghaist, and I have following story was related to me by a ever since believed, that the “ Bogle lady of very superior intelligence, who of Blaiklaw-Myres” could be none was long resident in that neighbourother than the redoubted Gilpin hood, and remembers hearing the mathimself, or one of his near relatives. ter talked of as a very recent and well
Though the inhabitants of the old authenticated occurrence. A family, hamlet never made any objection to who resided on the banks of the Plora, these and other bogles who frequent- were assembled one evening at family ed their neighbourhood, nor even worship, and the old goodman had seemed to be any way averse to a just concluded his customary pious peaceable intercourse with them, they duty, when the youngest girl, a child by no means exhibited the same de- who had been absent unnoticed, rushgree of forbearance in regard to ed breathless into the room, and, in a witches. They were once put to a perfect rapture of delight, called upon sore trial on this point. One of the them to ©* come a' and look for the ancient female inhabitants having maist beautifu' Leddy o' a' the world died, the landlord let the cottage she was comin sailin doun the glen !"had occupied to two old single women Such was the eagerness and even ecwho lived together. These poor crea. stasy of the child, that the call was intures had the misfortune to be strong- stantly obeyed, and old and young lysuspected in the neighbourhood of us. followed her straight out of doors to ing the black art, which probably arose see this delightful vision. They look
; from the circumstance of one of them ed up the glen as she pointed—but in being very crabbed in her temper, and vain : nothing unusual could be seen the other rather crazed in the head. or heard,- till a sudden and dreadful They ruled their new neighbours for a crash behind them made every one season most despotically; for none dar- look instantly round, and explained at ed to quarrel with them; till at length once the benevolent mission of this the old weaver plucked up courage, lovely Lady of the Wood - the held a council of the other crones, house, which had just been emptied
239 of all its inmates, had fallen flat to the Raja of Queda, the sovereign of the ground!
that country. The following short This last story of the Plora has extracts from the minutes of examinaa been given to the public in a poetical tion may amuse our readers, and we form, in some stanzas inserted in a can vouch in all respects for their aulate number of the Edinburgh An- thenticity, as they were handed to us nual Register. The verses were writ- by an intimate friend of Major Macten, I believe, by a youthful bard, now innes, who is himself known to be, abroad, who has already given excel- after Mr Marsden, the best European lent pledge of no ordinary degree of Malay scholar in existence, of which poetical genius, and who, as I am he is at present affording a substantial happy to perceive, is also one of your proof, in a classical Malayan translaa contributors.
tion of the Bible, which is in great These gleanings, though of no great forwardness. value in themselves, may perhaps “ Kumbar, a Semang, (the Malayprove interesting to such persons an name of the tribe,) sent to me as are curious to trace the history for examination by the Bandahara of of national manners and popular Queda, arrived here on the 18th of superstitions,
down to our October 1815. He has the usual apown times. Such readers as desire a pearance of an African Negro, but his more intimate acquaintance with the stature does not exceed four feet nine Fairies and the other genii of our glens inches, and he is not less than the rest and mountains, I would beg leave to of his countrymen. Being almost perrefer to the “ Minstrelsy of the Scot- fectly naked, I ordered him some tish Border,” as containing every thing clothes. The first article that presentthat is most curious and interesting on ed itself was an uniform jacket, and the subject,-if it were not indeed he proceeded to put his feet into the almost absurd to suppose, that any per- sleeves, until better instructed. He son who may take the trouble to read says he is an inhabitant of the mounthese notices, can be still unacquainted tain Jerrai, where he has a wife and with that most entertaining and de- two children. Of his particular tribe, servedly popular work.
the whole number amounts to no more Sept. 30, 1817.
than 26 individuals ; and the whole of the Semang race, in that quarter, do not exceed the number of 400. They have no fixed residence, but wander up and down the mountain, sheltering themselves by a temporary covering of leaves or grass. From
their most ordinary residence on the Communicated by John Crowfurd, Esq. mountain, Kumbar observes, that
they see Penang, Queda, Perak, and It is a singular fact, with which we Siam. They subsist on roots, deer, have but very recently become ac- wild hogs, monkeys, tygers, rhinocequainted, that many of the countries ros, and, indeed, all the beasts and of the Indian Archipelago are inha- birds of the forest, except the elebited, in their remote mountains, by phant, which they have not strength a race of Negroes wholly distinct from or skill enough to destroy. The Sethe copper-complexioned race with mang of Perak, more numerous and lank hair, which alone are seen by powerful, destroy the elephant, and yoyagers. The Negroes are in the eat the flesh. The countrymen of lowest stage of savage life, whilst the Kumbar use arrows poisoned with the greater number of the Malayan race ipoh. Half their number always have made considerable advances in watch whilst the others sleep, a presocial improvement. Major John Mac- caution chiefly intended against the innes, an officer of the Indian army, numerous tygers which, in their turn, had the curiosity, while residing at prey upon them. The Semang carry Prince of Wales Island, to examine on a traffic with the Malays, receiving one of those savages, sent over to him from them a little salt, and rice for for the purpose, from the opposite Dammar bees-wax, and rattans, elecoast of the Malayan Peninsula, by phants' and rhinoceros' teeth. This in
SOME ACCOUNT OF A SINGULAR RACE
OF NEGROES LATELY DISCOVERED
REMOTE MOUNTAINS OF
tercourse is carried on with caution REMARKS ON GREEK TRAGEDY. and suspicion, as the Malays, with the constant injustice of the strong to
(Iphigenia in Aulide EURIPIDIS.) the weak, omit no opportunity of re
WHATEVER station we may be dism ducing the miserable Semang to slave posed to allow to the tragic writers of ry, à condition from which the Greece, when we compare them with whole race is only secured by their those of modern Europe, it is certain, retreat among the recesses of the fo- that they abound in situations well rests and mountains. No form of go- suited to the purposes of tragedy. vernment can be traced among the The object of this noble species of countryinen of Kumbar, but the more composition is to soften and amend improved tribes of Perak, who can the heart by the exercise of the symkill the elephant, have a king. Each pathies ; and we must conclude, that Semnang imparts a share of his store those subjects are best adapted to it of provisions to the rest. They have which we see most productive of this hardly any religious notions. Kum- effect in real life. No man ever enbar says, that spirits are sometimes tered the house of mourning without heard in the night, and that on their the excitement of his most amiable warning they remove from one part feelings, or left it without moral imof the mountain to another. They provement. Pity, more than any other make children, he alded, cry, and passion, purifies and refines the nature they bring on diseases. They offer of man; and when we are happily no religious service to those spirits, able to relieve the sufferer, we expebut they fear them. Kumbar had a rience the most delightful sensations bowel complaint when he was ex- of which we are susceptible. He is amined by me, but he would not ad- himself an object of compassion, who mit that it was brought on by a Ka- would not prefer the blessings of the moj, or spirit, fearing, I think, that widow and the fatherless to all the I should ascribe his doing so to a con- selfish gratifications that wealth can viction of some crime or fault. For purchase. There is a music even in some time he could not comprehend the voice of the aged beggar, by the the questions that were designed to way side, returning thanks for an draw from him his ideas respecting a alms, that vibrates along the most defuture state. He first asserted roundly licate chord of the heart. No man that death was the end alike of the ever heard a widowed mother lamentgood and the bad ; they decayed in ing the death of an only son, or a fathe earth when they were buried, and ther that of a daughter, in the bloom there was no more of them. He ad- of her existence, the last of a numerded, however, that sometimes the ous offspring, without the consciousgood became spirits which protected ness of being more disposed to acts of their living friends, and persecuted self-denial, and kindness, and generotheir enemies. Kumbar seemed hard- sity, than at other times. On such ly to have any means of reckoning occasions, selfishness and all the untime. He could not tell when he left amiable passions are extinguished, and his native mountain, but by saying benevolence is the ruling principle of it was when the durians were ripe, (an the mind, in which self-approbation indigenous fruit.) Every little tribe balances the pain that arises from of the Semang has its own language, sights of distress. These are the opeand they are mutually unintelligible rations of nature in real life, and, in to each other. The Semang of Queda witnessing scenes of fictitious sorrow, and Perak carry on the little inter- the mind is regulated by the very course there is between them in the same laws. This is a truth, of which Malay language. The Semang dia- the epic and dramatic poet ought never lects are all distinct from those of the to lose sight, and the Greek tragedians yellow-complexioned race, which bear display great judgment in their faithful to each other so singular a resemblance. adherence to it. The subjects in which The poor Semang of Jerrai count as they delight have their foundation in far as two in their own tongue, and the relations of kindred or of country, when their transactions become more where they have an opportunity of incomplex, they have recourse to the troducing sentiments of the kindly afMalayan numerals as far as ten.” fections that find a response in every heart. Even when they conceived and he sends a messenger to Argos to characters of a sterner cast,-beings inform his queen that lie had betrothhurried on to the perpetration of crimes ed her daughter to Achilles. She was by guilty love or profligate ambition, delighted by the intelligence, and lost or fiendish revenge, they softened the no time in repairing to the camp, acharsliness of the features by a colour- companied by her daughter, for the ing of the gentler and more amiable purpose of solemnizing the nuptial passions. In this they followed na- ceremony; and they soon discover that ture, in whose range we seldom or Iphigenia, instead of obtaining a royal never find human beings of unredeem- husband, was doomed to a cruel death. ed wickedness, or with hearts closed
It will appear, at first sight, that a against all the avenues of friendship story like this must be fruitful in inor attachment to some individual of cidents of great interest, or deep patheir species. The man, who, under thos; and we shall soon see how the the dominion of a bad passion, is guilty poet has availed himself of the facilities of an atrocity, may be a good father, or it affords. son, or brother, or friend, and may be, The first scene is a night-piece. on other occasions, capable of efforts Agamemnon repents of the message of a lofty virtue, or an endearing be- he had sent to his queen and daughter nevolence. Electra, who, like the de- requesting their attendance in the mon of revenge, instigates her brother camp, quits his couch at midnight, to the murder of her mother, and in and writes another letter forbidding the moment of frenzy, can listen with them to leave Argos. He calls an delight to her dying groans, is a kind aged attendant, to whom he complains and tender sister ; and the most beau of the cares of royalty: tiful passage of the play is that in
Ag. Come forth, old man. which she laments the supposed death At. I come in haste, my Lord, of Orestes. It was chiefly, indeed, by The orders of my sovereign to obey; the exhibitions of the domestic chari- For age is ever wakeful, and sharp cares ties in domestic affliction that they Sit on my lids. drew the tears and extorted the ap- Ag. What star is that which blazes plause of an assembled people ; but in the mid-sky, beside the Pleiades ? among the many legendary tales and
At. 'Tis Sivius. historical facts which they chose as the the birds forget their
music, and the winds
Ag. How still the midnight season ! ground-work of their fables, full as they Lie slumbering on the bosom of Euripus. are of incidents that beget pity or admi. Not even the distant murmur of a wave ration, no one, perhaps, is more suited Falls on the ear to interrupt the silence. to excite both, than the story of Iphi- At. Why wakest thou at this untimely genia. It is purely domestic, and its hour ? chief characters are a father, a mother, No sound is heard in Aulis, on the walls and a daughter. The reverses are The sentinels are hushed and motionless. sudden and terrible, and the affliction Ag. Old man, Oh! thou art happy, the most severe that can be imagined.
thou and all The fleet of the Greeks, on their Who glide through life, unknown, inglo
rious, voyage to the siege of Troy, had been
Whose lowly path is free from cares and long detained at Aulis by contrary
dangers ; winds. The troops at last began to I envy thee thy quiet and repose. murmur, and the prophet Calchas,
But princes are the very slaves of glory. who had been consulted, gives it as Al. Are they not honoured and obey'd his response, that, unless Iphigenia, in life? the daughter of Agamemnon, were Ag. Their honours are deceitful, and offered as a victim on the altar of Di. the fruits ana, they must for ever remain in in- Ambition offers, are they not, when tasted, activity at Aulis. Among the Greeks Full of repentance, bitterness, and sorrow ? it was considered shameful not to sa
At. Why waterest thou that letter with crifice every thing dearest in life to thy tears? the claims of country, and the father, This letter is sent, but does not after a severe conflict with himself, reach its destination, being intercepted yields to the importunities of the as- by Menelaus, whose interest it was sembled kings and armies. It was that Iphigenia should be sacrificed. necessary to use a stratagem to bring She and her mother arrive at Aulis, Clytemnestra and Iphigenia to Aulis, and meet Agamemnon ; and, at the