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AN

INVENTORIE OF

SUCH

LYNEN

WYNGEFIELD.

By the Quene, TRUSTIE and right welbeloued coun- disposed of hir body, of pleasure sello", we greete you well, and let you therefore is, youe do so order the rewit, that whereas o' cousin of Shrews- move as that yt maie not be dangerous bury hath ben an humble suto" vnto or preiudityali to hir healthe. Fs, to be now eased of the chardge he To our trustie and right welbehath hetherto had of the Scotishe loued Counsellor Sr Rafe Sadler, Queene, we therefore fynding yt rea- Knight, Chauncellor of or Dutchye sounable to satisfye his request there- of Lancaster. in, for the considerations by him al- (Indorsed) 3 Decembris 1584, leadged of his decayed health and from the Q. mate R. so. per poste. weake estate of body, haue assented thereto; and, therfore, of pleasure is, you shall proceede to the removing of & PLATT AS IS TO BE CARYED TO the said Queene to of Castell of Tutbury, according to such direction as, Imprimis lx payre of sheetis. by of order, you have receaued from Itm. iiij dozen & iiij pillowberes. our principall Secretary for that

pur- Itm. vij tabell clothes of damaske. pos, at such tyme as, the howse being Itm. vij tabell clothes of diaper. in a readines to receaue hir,

you

shall in your ownediscretioun thincke fit and

Itm. vj towells of damaske.

Itm. vij towells of diaper. convenyent; and that, for yoʻ assist- Itm. vj dozen of damask napkins. aunce therein,

you caule vnto you the Itm. vij dozen of diaper napkins, Shirife, and such other gentlemen of Itm. iiij coberd clothes of damaske. that our countie of Derbie as to yo? Itm. ix coberdclothes of diaper. self shalbe thought meete; assuring Itm. xij plane tableclothes. you, that, for the care we haue to re

Itm. xij course tableclothes. you of the said chardge in re

Itm. xx dozen of plane napkins. spect of yoʻ yeres, we will, wtb as convenient speede as maie be, dispatche Itm. xxx dressours.

Itm. xx wiping clothes. one thether to take the same vppon Itm. sij plane towells. him. Geuen ynder of signet, at of manno' of St James, the third of De

The Plaitt. cember, in the xxvijih yere of of regne. On Salt of Calsedon, garnished wi sil.

ffor that we vnderstand the said vf guilt. Queene is at this present somewhat

ina On payre of couerid basons guilt.

a

leeue

On payre of guilt pottes.

In these circumstances, I beg to On payre of guilt flagons.

recommend to the attention of the On guilt cup, w' a cover.

clergy and landed proprietors who On guilt cup of assaye.

take an interest in the conduct and On guilt leyer.

comfort of the lower classes, the xij guilt trenche' plates.

following scheme, which has been xij guilt spons.

successfully adopted in one country On guilt jugg, w' a lyd.

parish in Perthshire, and which, being vj guilt chaundellońs.

highly approved in the neighbourhood, On bason & ewer of silvr, parcell guilt. is about to be introduced (mutatis mua Two round saltis of silvr.

tandis) into adjoining parishes. On flagon of silv", parcel guilt.

Thé minister and session, with the On bolle of silv".

approbation of the principal heritor, Two jugges, w' two eares apece. circulated a paper, which they earnestOn bason & ewer of silv', parcell guilt. ly recommended for general signature On peire of pottes, parcell guilt. by the parishioners. In this

paper On payre of fagons.

they bind themselves to the following On salt, parcell guilt.

conditions : Two bolls of silvr.

1. That the hour of assembling On jugg, wij cares.

shall, when convenient, be twelve iiij platters of silv', par

o'clock, and the hour of lifting the cell guilt.

corpse never later, in that case, than vj dimy platters.

one o'clock; but, in all cases, never x disshes.

>xl peeces.

later than one hour after the time fixe xij small dishes.

ed for assembling. viij sawsers of silv", lyk

“ 2. That no meat or drink shall be wise parcell guilt.

given to the persons assembled, ex

cept the offer of a single glass of whis21 Decembris 1584.

ky, either at the door of the house, Copie of the Inventary of Napry or in the house where they assemble.

and plate apointid to be brought “3. That if any shall break through, downe to Tutbury, for the vse or contravene these rules, they bind of the Scotish Quecne, and my themselves and their heirs to pay on L. St John.

demand to the kirk-session one guinea, for the use of the poor; and that for every instance of the breach of either of the aforesaid rules."

This paper has been generally and MR EDITOR,

most willingly subscribed by the great The lower classes of the communi- body of those concerned, and a most ty, in many districts of the country, desirable reform, as to this particular, lay an unnecessary and oppressive tax is now in progress. on themselves, by the costly and un- Permit me, Mr Editor, to add fursuitable style in which they conduct ther, that, while this is a reform most funerals. On these occasions, large useful to the lower classes, it is one in crowds are collected, and lavishly which I am satisfied, from much inentertained with bread and spirits. quiry, they are predisposed to concur ; The company feast sometimes for but, for obvious reasons, it is expehours together, and often every thing dient and essential for persons of a appears in their behaviour but so- higher class to give any plan for the briety and sorrow.

purpose, the authority and influence I have known a family reduced to of their recominendation. I am condistress by one funeral, and the sur- vinced myself, that much good would vivors kept in great pecuniary em- follow from such plans becoming gebarrassment for a long period.

neral; and, therefore, I anxiously There can be no question, in every wish that this ephemeral suggestion view of the case, that this absurd and may be noticed and acted upon by pernicious fashion should be abolish- those whose station and office enable ed. In attempting this, however, them to attempt its practical adopthere may be some difficulty, for it is tion. confirmed by long and very general I am, Mr Editor, your obedient practice; and no individual is willing servant, PAUPERIS AMICUS. to be the first in departing from it. Sept. 1817,

(Indorsed)

PLAN FOR ABOLISHING AN ABUSE PRE

VALENT AT COUNTRY FUNERALS.

a

ROBERT BURNS AND HELEN MARIA not be surprised that he who can give WILLIAMS.

so many graces of wit and originality

to prose, should be able to please in The two following articles form verse, when he turns his thoughts part of a selection from the unpub- that way. One of these poems was lished correspondence of Robert Burns, sent to me last summer from Hamilnow in possession of the Editor. The ton House; the other is so local, that first, a letter from the celebrated He- you must take the trouble to read a len Maria Williams to the poet, re- little history before you can underlates chiefly to some occasional verses stand it. My mother removed lateby Dr Moore, not in our possession, ly to the house of a Captain Jaques, and about which it does not seem ne- in Southampton Row, Bloomsbury cessary to inquire more particularly. Square. What endeared this situaThe second is a criticism by Burns tion not a little to my imagination, upon a poem of Miss Wo's, which was the recollection that Gray, the it appears she had submitted to his o- poet, had resided in it. I told Dr pinion. The critique, though not with- Bloore that I had very solid reason to out some traits of his usual sound think that Gray had lived in this very judgment and discrimination, appears house, and had composed the Bard in on the whole to be much in the strain my little study; there were but fifty of those gallant and flattering re- chances to one against it, and what is sponses which men of genius usually that in poetical calculation ? I added, find it incumbent to issue, when con. that I was convinced our landlord sulted upon the productions of their was a lineal descendant of Shakefemale admirers.

speare's Jaques. Dr Moore laughed,

as he has often occasion to do, at my S18,-Your friend, Dr Moore, hav- folly ; but the fabric which my faning a complaint in his eyes, has desir, cy had reared upon the firm substaned me to become his secretary, and tial air, soon tottered; for it became thank you, in his name, for your very a matter of doubt if our habitation was humorous poem, entitled, Auld Wil- in Southampton Row, or in King lie's Prayer, which he had from Mr. Street, which runs in a line with it. Creech.

In the meantime, Dr Moore called I am happy in this opportunity of upon me, and left the inclosed verses expressing my obligations to you for on my table. the pleasure your poems have given It will give me great pleasure, Sir, me. I am sensible enough that my to hear that you find your present resuffrage in their favour is of little va- tirement agreeable, for, indeed, I am lue ; yet it is natural for me to tell much interested in your happiness. you, that, as far as I am capable of If I only considered the satisfaction I feeling poetical excellence, I have felt should derive from your acquaintance, the power of your genius. I believe I should wish that your fortune had no one has read oftener than myself led you towards London ; but I am your Vision, your Cotter's Evening, persuaded that you have had the wisthe Address to the Mouse, and many dom to chuse the situation most conof your other poems. My mother's genial to the Muses.—I am, Sir, with family is Scotch, and the dialect has great esteem, your most obedient serbeen familiar to me from my infancy; vant, I was, therefore, qualified to taste the

H. M. WILLIAMS. charm of your native poetry, and, as London, June 20th, 1787. I feel the strongest attachment for Scotland, I share the triumph of your country in producing your laurels. A few_Strictures on Miss. Williams

I know the inclosed poems, which Poem on the Slave Trude. were addressed to me by Dr Moore, will give you pleasure, and shall, I know very little of scientific critherefore, risque incurring the impu- ticism, so all I can pretend to in that tation of vanity by sending them. I intricate art is merely to note, as I own that I gratify my own pride by read along, what passages strike me so doing. You know enough of his as being uncommonly beautiful, and character not to wonder that I am where the expression seems to me perproud of his friendship, and you will plexed or faulty,

VOL. I.

P

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The poem opens finely. There are is exceedingly beautiful. The idea none of these idle prefatory lines from verse 81st to the 85th, that the which one may skip over before one

“ blest decree” is like the beams of comes to the subject. Verses 9th and morning ushering in the glorious day 10th in particular,

of liberty, ought not to pass unno

ticed, nor unapplauded. From verse Where ocean's unseen bound 85th to verse 108th, is an animated Leaves a drear world of waters round,

contrast between the unfeeling sel

fishness of the oppressor on the one are truly beautiful. The simile of the hurricane is likewise fine ; and, hand, and the misery of the captive indeed, beautiful as the poem is, al

on the other. Verse 88th might permost all the similies rise decidedly haps be amended thus : “ Nor ever

quit

her narrow maze." above it. From verse 31st to verse

We are said 50th, is a pretty eulogy on Britain.

to pass a bound, but we quit a maze. Verse 36th, “ that foul drama deep

Verse 100th is exquisitely beautiful. with wrong," is nobly expressive. Verse They, whom wasted blessings tire. 46th, I am afraid, is rather unworthy Verse 110th is, I doubt, a clashing of of the rest ;

to dare to feel,” is an idea that I do not altogether like. metaphors; “ to load a span” is, I am The contrast of valour and mercy,

afraid, an unwarrantable expression.

In verse 114th, “ Cast the universe in from the 46th verse to the 50th, is shade," is a fine idea. From the 115th admirable.

verse to the 1420 is a striking descripEither my apprehension is dull, or tion of the wrongs of the poor Afrithere is soinething a little confused

Verse 120th, “ the load of unin the apostrophe to Mr Pitt. Verse remitted pain,” is a remarkable strong 55th is the antecedent to verses 57th and 58th, but in verse 58th the con

expression. The address to the advo

cates for abolishing the slave-trade, nection seems ungrammatical :

from verse 143d to verse 208th, is aniPowers,

mated with the true life of genius.

The picture of oppression,
With no gradations mark'd their flight,
But rose at once to glory's height.

While she links her impious chain,

And calculates the price of pain ; Ris'n should surely be the word in- Weighs agony in sordid scales, stead of rose. Try it in prose. Pow- And marks if death or life prevails, ers,—their flight marked by no gra- is nobly executed. dations, but [the same powers] risen What a tender idea is in verse at once to the height of glory; Like- 180th ; indeed, that whole description wise, verse 53d, “ For this,” is evi- of Home may vie with Thomson's dently meant to lead on the sense of description of Home, somewhere in verses 59th, 60th, 61st, and 62d; but the beginning of his Autumn. I do let us try how the thread of connec- not remember to have seen a stronger tion runs.

expression of misery than is contained For this

in these verses. The deeds of mercy, that embrace

Condemned, severe extreme, to live
A distant sphere, an alien race,

When all is fled that life can give.
Shall virtue's lips record, and claiin
The fairest honours of thy name.

The comparison of our distant joys to

distant objects, is equally original and I beg pardon if I misapprehend the striking. matter, but this appears to me the The character and manners of the only imperfect passage in the poem. dealer in this infernal traffic is a well The comparison of the sunbeam is done, though a horrid picture. I am fine.

not sure how far introducing the The compliment to the Duke of sailor was right; for, though the Richmond is, I hope, as just as it is sailor's common characteristic is genecertainly elegant. The thought

rosity, yet, in this case, he is certainVirtue

ly not only an unconcerned witness,

but in some degree an efficient agen t Lends, from her unsullied source,

in the business. Verse 224th is a nerThe gems of thought their purest force,

expressive-“The

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heart convulsive anguish breaks.” The our nobility and gentry to London. description of the captive wretch when Sixty of the most considerable people he arrives in the West Indies, is car- being obliged to pass half the year ried on with equal spirit. The thought there, would no doubt change their that the oppressor's sorrow on seeing ideas, besides, many English came to his slave pine, is like the butcher's reside at Edinburgh. The Court of regret when his destined lamb dies a Exchequer and Boards of Customs and natural death, is exceedingly fine. Excise were mostly all of that nation ;

I am got so much into the cant of at least all the under officers were. criticism, that I begin to be afraid These were well-bred people, and well lest I have nothing except the cant of received by the first people in Scotit; and, instead of elucidating my land. As the intercourse with the author, am only benighting myself. English opened our eyes a little, so it For this reason, I will not pretend to gave us a liberty of trade we had not go through the whole poem. Some before, from the Union. Many of our few remaining beautiful lines, how- younger sons became merchants, and ever, I cannot pass over. Verse 280th went abroad ;-it likewise, became the is the strongest description of seltish- fashion for young men of fortune to ness I ever saw; the comparison in study for some years in Holland, after verses 285th and 286th is new and which, to make a tour through France fine ; and the line, 'Your alms to and Italy ; on their return home, they penury you lend,” is excellent. brought to Scotland foreign politeness,

In verse 317th, "like" shouldsurely grafted on the self-importance and be“ as,” or “ so;" for instance, dignity of their fathers. May we not His sway the hardened bosom leads

suppose it was at this time our nation To cruelty's remorseless deeds ;

acquired the character of poverty and As (or so) the blue lightning, when it springs pride? With fury on its livid wings,

About the 21, a weekly assembly Darts to the goal with rapid force, for dancing was set up at Edinburgh; Nor heads that ruin marks its course. this, with private balls carried on by If you insert the word like where subscription, took place of marriages,

baptisms, and funerals. I have placed as, you must alter darts to darting, and heeds to heeding, in enlarged, but it required time to have

The society now came to be more order to make it grammar. A tempest is a favourite subject with the poets,

a proper effect. The manners of the but I do not remember any thing even

men, though stiff, and evidently asin Thomson's Winter, superior to

sumed, yet were better than those of your verses from the 347th to the their conversation, and vulgar. As

the women, who were indelicate in 351st. Indeed, that last simile, beginning with “ Fancy may dress," &c., elder friends wore off, they brought

the awe and reverence for parents and and ending with the 350th verse, is; into company the freedom and rompin my opinion, the most beautiful ing they had acquired amongst their passage in the whole poem ; it would brothers and near relations ; many of do honour to the greatest names that

them threw off all restraint, and were ever graced our profession. I will not beg your pardon, Madam, ladies went farthest wrong, it would

I to name the time when the Scotch for these strictures, as my conscience be between the 30 and 40, tells me, that, for once in my life, I it was far from being general. There

though have acted up to the duties of a

was still in the country a taste for Christian, in doing as I would be good morals, which was much imdone by.

proved by a set of teachers established among us, most of whom had had their education abroad, or who had

travel led with young gentlemen. As IN SCOTLAND DURING THE COURSE

every body at this period went regu

larly to church, I may justly mention (Concluded from p. 14.)

ministers as teachers; Professor Ha

milton, and the two Mr Wisharts, The change of manners in the next at Edinburgh, Professor Hutchison, generation was very remarkable. The Craig, Clarke, and Principal LeeshUnion with England carried many of man, in the west. Those taught who

VIEW OF THE CHANGE OF MANNERS

OF THE LAST CENTURY.

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