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THE ATMOSPHERIC RAILWAY. or pumped out of the tube. This exhaustion is easily
carried to 23 or 24 inches, as shown by the mercurial II.
gauge; (a perfect vacuum being 30;) it is nearly simul
taneous in the whole length of the pipe, and an exhaus"The air is cut away before, And closes from behind."-COLERIDGE.
tion of 15 inches has been procured in less than two
minutes. A speed has been attained of 50 or 60 miles WIThin the pipe described in a former article is a piso an hour, and even 80, with a single carriage; and at ton, with a rod" fourteen or fifteen feet in length, to this ràpid rate the sealing apparatus performed its duties which are attached rollers for opening the air-tight valve perfectly. at the rear of the piston, not in front, as it advances along the pipe. A “coulter" connects the piston to the driving car, as the first carriage is called, and to this car is connected a copper vessel several feet in length, Fig 3 heated with coke, for the purpose of melting the wax when the valve has been pressed down by the apparatus for that purpose (see fig. 1).
The reader is requested to bear in mind that the moving force depends upon the differenĉe of pressure before and behind the piston. So long as these two forcës are in equilibrium, they counterbalance each other; and there is no propulsive power. But disturb this equilibrium, destroy this balance of power, and we at once call into action an existing, but hitherto dormant force, varying in amount with the extent to which the equilibrium has been destroyed. When, therefore, the vacuum-pump has exhausted the air in front of the piston to the extent of 15 inches by the mercurial gauge, there is a pressure in front of half an atmosphere, say 7} lbs. to the square inch; but the pressure behind has not been disturbed; it is still a whole atniosphere, say 15 lbs. to the square inch ; the propulsive force is con sequently the difference between these, or 7 lbs. to the
Transverse section of the Vacuum Pipe, with the valves open. inch. If the exhaustion in front is carried to 25 inches,
A The air-tight valve.
B The weather valve. the remaining pressure is 5 inches; and the difference,
D The connecting arm or coulter. 20 inches, indicates a propelling power of two-thirds of
E Part of the driving carriage. an atmosphere, or 10 lbs. on each square inch of the
F Roller to open the weather valve. piston, being half a pound for each inch of exhaustion To prevent confusion, the rollers for opening the airshown by the mercurial vacuum gauge.
| tight valve are not shown in this drawing; they may be Now the sectional area of a circular piston, 15 inches seen in the longitudinal section placed at the head of in diameter, is about 176 inches. When, therefore, a the previous paper; in which the piston Á is seen travacuum has been produced of 10 inches, or a third of an velling in the direction of the arrow. As it advances atmosphere, there is a power of 880 lbs.; a vacuum of the two small rollers B B lift up the air-tight valve, 15 inches gives 1320 lbs.; and a vacuum of 20 inches which, when the coulter F has passed, is allowed gradu(which is readily attained) gives 1760 lbs.; and it is ally to fall into the groove again, by the corresponding considered that the average traction power of a locomo rollers cc, and is firmly pressed down into its right tive is about 1000 lbs. .
position by the upper roller D. The long heater E We may remark, that as the area of a circle is in follows, and melting the wax (shown at c, in fig. 2), proportion to the square of the diameter, a pipe of 7j re-seals the pipe; F is the connecting arm or coulter; inches in width would have a force equal to one-fourth and G is the weight to counterbalance the piston. that of a pipe 15 inches wide ; a pipe of 5 inches would Between the carriage wheels is shown the seat for the be only one-ninth, and so in proportion.
conductor. (The roller for opening the weather valve We have assumed the weight of the atmosphere at will be seen in fig. 3.). 30 inches, as shown by the common barometer, and the The pipe at the higher end is connected with a large pressure at 15 lbs. to the square inch. These amounts, air pump, worked by a stationary engine at Dalkey, for though not strictly accurate, are sufficiently so for our the purpose of exhausting, or more correctly, partially purpose. On some very fine day, when the barometer exhausting, this pipe, and thereby causing, as we have stands at 30 inches, (all barometers are thus graduated,) before explained, a pressure at the opposite end. This should the piston be loaded to the full extent of its trac- pump is about 51 feet in diameter, or nearly twenty tion power, and the weather changing very suddenly, the times the sectional area of the pipe: the length of the barometer should fall to 28 inches, (which is a possible, stroke is also about 5 } feet, and when working it moves though quite improbable event) the power of the piston at the rate of 240 feet per minute. It is double-acting. would be forthwith lessened one-fifteenth. The pressure Now the carriages being attached to the piston at in front continues the same, but the hind force, the Kingstown, and the air being pumped out of the tube, weight of the atmosphere as shown by the barometer, is it is clear, that if the pressure is sufficiently great on the two inches, or one-fifteenth, less than it was. We intro- piston, the driving carriage must go forward. The train duce this simply as an illustration of the principle of moves-the driving car, or piston carriage, opens the action, not as an event that will actually occur though sealed valve-the apparatus for this purpose again from time to time the variation in the weight of the presses the valve into its proper channel -the heater atmospheric column, and consequently in the pressure on follows and seals it up the engine continues to work the piston, is greater than that we have named.
the air pump, to maintain the partial vacuum-the train It will now be seen, that in the atmospheric railway arrives at its destination—and the pipe is ready sealed the traction power depends on the sectional area of the for a repetition of the same process. pipe, and the amount of vacuum or rarefaction. The The return voyage is to be performed without any speed will be in proportion to the rapidity with which power save that of gravitation. The carriages are to the air in front of the progressing piston can be drawn convey themselves down the line, and also the piston, into cultiration, and ladies occasionally employed them no means confined to its modern use, namely, that of as a head-dress. Parkinson, a celebrated botanist in being a mere accompaniment to salted fish, or other salted the time of James the First, mentions this custom, and provisions. An agreeable soup is made by French and if these delicate leaves were not so perishable, and were | Dutch cooks from this vegetable: parsnip wine is also also somewhat less odorous, there would be nothing to made in many places, and is one of the best and cheapobject to in the taste shown by the ladies of that period est of home-made wines, and very easy of manufacture in substituting this head-dress for one of feathers, or It approaches nearer than any other wine to the Malmse flowers. A winter ornament for rooms is still occa- | of Madeira and the Canaries. Marmalade, made sionally formed by cutting the crown from the thick parsnips and a small quantity of sugar, is said to excite end of a carrot, and placing it in a shallow vessel of appetite, and to be a very proper food for invalids. A water. Tender leaves are soon developed, and thus a side dish has been sometimes introduced at the first little tuft of verdure may be obtained at a time when tables, consisting of parsnips, first boiled, then dipped green leaves are peculiarly pleasing to the eye.
in thin batter of flour and water, or the white of eges, Carrots require a light sandy soil, and this should be and fried brown. prepared eighteen inches deep, with manure at the bot The latter end of March is also the time for sow: tom. The mould should be as fine as possible, and beet, and though this vegetable is not in great fara: quite clear of roots and stones, which hinder the per- among us, it may be well to notice its nutritive qualities, pendicular descent of the carrot, and force it into a and thus to draw attention to its cultivation and cooker. branched or spiral growth, thus deteriorating its value. As it is at present employed, it is found so insipidi , The orange or long carrot is the kind preferred for the be nearly disregarded, but if the skill of the cook main crop in gardens, having a more delicate flavour make it somewhat more savoury, it would form a than the red carrot which is usually employed in fields. able addition to our list of vegetables. Acc:
The seeds of the carrot are armed with forked hairs, Sir H. Davy's analysis, it contains nearly fi: and therefore cling together. To remedy this, they are cent, nutritive matter, which is more than any .. mixed with a little dry sand or wood ashes, and rubbed except the potato. One of the varieties of bis! between the hands to separate them. They are usually | mangel-wurzel, and is well known for the .. sown upon beds three or four feet broad, and raked in nourishment it affords to cattle. There is so smoothly and evenly with a wide rake. Some garden- why the cultivated garden varieties should not fu ers prefer sowing them in shallow drills, ten or twelve important to man, if they could by any means inches apart, leaving room to introduce the hoe betwe n dered pleasing to his taste. Red beet is the the rows, and thus to keep the bed more easily free cipally used in the garden. The root is in be from weeds. When the young carrots are seven or a carrot, and is red throughout its whole subst.. eight weeks old, they are thinned out to four or five is very juicy, and when sliced it gives out a inches apart if intended for drawing young, and to eight beautiful purple colour. The leaves are larg ôr ten inches if designed to attain their full size. The and generally have a red or purple tinge. second or third week in March, weather permitting, is table is sometimes boiled, sliced, and sers. the best season for sowing the principal crop of this with melted butter; but it is not very palau useful vegetable. A large crop of carrots will prove no green leaves are also dressed as spinacn. bad store. Should there be more than necessary for the much reseinble in flavour. The fleshy len: supply of the family, the refuse of the garden w be agreeable flavour when boiled and serv: very useful where there are pigs, or poultry, a horse, or | The more usual way of employing these cow. It is somewhat remarkable that the milk of cows | boiling, to leave them to grow cold, w fed on carrots does not acquire any unpleasant flavour eaten with vinegar they are agreeable in thereby, while at the same time the quantity is increased. wise. The author of the Vegetable (', Calves and sheep thrive well on this food, and hogs are that a beet-root sliced up with a Res speedily fattened by it. A spirituous liquor has been onion, boiled also in soft water, makt obtained from carrots, and attempts have been made to with cold meat, if mixed with spices a', procure a beverage resembling beer, and likewise sugar, 1 egg or two boiled hard. from this root. It has been even stated that eighteen The beet (beta) takes its name f tons of carrots, the produce of one acre, will yield one the seed-vessel, which, when matur: hundred gallons of proof spirit, a larger product than the letter so called in the Greek al that obtained from an acre of barley. The ready-formed was well known among the Romans, , saccharine matter in carrots, is two and a half per cent. tion of it being given by Pliny. 1 more than in barley, and six times more than the quan- of the sea-coast of the south of Eur. tity contained in potatoes.
have been introduced into Englan: A still more nourishing and valuable root, but one with several other culinary plants, a' that is less employed as a culinary vegetable, is the It is perfectly hardy, and bears our , parsnip, of which the main crop is also sown about the parts of the kingdom. From one • second or third week in March. The parsnip, like the sugar is extensively prepared in Fr. carrot, may be found growing wild in our fields, but is 1 The cultivation of the beet is greatly improved by cultivation. The same mode of varieties are raised from seed sow: culture described for the carrot is likewise applicable to in the place where the plants are this vegetable. Sir H. Davy found in one thousand | situation, and a rich, light, sandyparts of parsnip, ninety-nine parts of nutritive matter,
| plant. The seed is sown thinly, e. of which nine parts are mucilage, or starch, and ninety
shallow drills. The plants come saccharine matter, or sugar. As a field vegetable for then thinned and weeded by h. the use of live stock, the parsnip is equally valuable | inches is left between the plants E with the carrot, perhaps more so, and as a garden vege.
The other operati: table it is deserving of greater attention than it now | repetition of for! meets with. Neill informs us, that in the north of Scot- / small salad, par: land parsnips are beaten up with potatoes and a little butter, making a most excellent mess, of which the chil
horse-radish ar dren of the peasantry are very fond, and on which they
v fond, and on which therl earthed up, ea thrive well. The vegetable was certainly better ac. transplanted, an counted of in former times than at present, and was by to
which not being needed in the descending journey, is AN ACCOUNT OF THE DRUNKEN SEA. placed outside, as horses are sometimes taught to mount
BY JAMES HENRY, M, D., PELLOW OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYa low truck when their power is not wanted. This con
SICIANS, DUBLIN, trivance also saves a needless working of the valves.
Nothing can exceed the beauty of the Drunken Sea from On such an incline, (an average of 1 in 115, in some the beach of Soberland, where you take shipping, as far as parts much steeper,) this will be easily effected, at a Point Just-Enough. The clear and smooth water is rate probably of 20 to 30 miles an hour. The writer scarcely so much as rippled by the light breeze which wafts of this article was, some time since, on a line of railway, from the shore the fragrance of a thousand flowers. No which, though not designed for passengers, was in very
mist ever broods upon the water, no cloud overcasts the soft
blue sky. The glorious image of the sun by day, the silgood condition; and wishing to proceed four or five
very face of the moon by night, are no where seen to so miles down an incline, much less steep than the Dalkey
much advantage as in the mirror of Pleasant Bay, for so Railway, an empty waggon was attached to two loaded
this part of the Drunken Sea has been most appropriately ones ; they started, the motion was very easy, and as he named. The current being always towards Point Juststood on the waggon le found, very unexpectedly, that | Enough, and the wind, if you can apply that name to the they had attained a speed of more than 30 miles an gentle breath which no more than fills your sails, always in hour: Standing on an open truck, this was an unwar. the same direction, the passage is so smooth and easy that it rantably dangerous rate, which he would not knowingly not unfrequently happens that the voyager finds himself
close upon the Point almost before he is aware that he has have attained.
left Soberland. To this description of the Atmospheric Railway we
The voyage is usually performed in boats made out of will add a few words relative to its history and progress. forter hogsheads, or wine pipes, or spirit puncheons. It is
The first suggestion of such a mode of transit is astonishing what excellent sailing boats these vessels make, attributed to Papin more than a century since. In when divided longitudinally, and furnished with sails and recent times have followed Lewis, Vallance, Medhurst, oars. Riches having the advantage every where, upon the Pinkus, and lastly, Clegg and Samuda. Professor Drunken Sea as well as upon land, the boats which are Vignoles states, in 1842, that it was “ Medhurst who,
used by the rich are much more elegant, easy, and commoabout thirty years since, first gave to the world the right
dious, although, perhaps, not faster sailers than those which idea of connecting the body in the pipe or tube, directly
are used by the poor. Besides the fares there are certain acted upon by the atmospheric power, with a carriage
tolls payable by all persons who sail upon the Drunken
Sea. These tolls are so considerable as to form a principal moving along exteriorly.” He published several pamphlets on the subject, which did not attract much attention.
part of the revenues of some of the imperial governments of
Soberland. Notwithstanding the expense which is thus Mr. Vallance took out a patent, we believe, in 1824,
necessarily attendant upon sailing on the Drunken Sea, the and he constructed a pneumatic tunnel at Brighton, of number of persons, rich and poor, who sail upon it exceeds about two hundred yards long, for experimental purposes, all calculation; the rich paying the expense out of their o sufficient capacity to contain a passenger carriage. superfluities, the poor out of their necessaries. Some, how.
In 1834 Mr. Pinkus took out a patent, adopting the ever, insist that in the end the poor bear the whole expense, small tube suggested by Mr. Medhurst, and proposing to
and pay out of their necessaries for the rich man's voyage
as well as their own. cover the aperture in the pipe with a rope. This plan,
The voyage to Point Just-Enough becomes more and as we have stated, was not found sufficiently air-tight.
more agreeable the nearer you approach the Point. The Lastly came Mr. Clegg, who, still adopting Med
air becomes still more soft and balmy, the blue of the sky hurst's small tube, patented the beautifully simple and water still more delicious, and even the soinbre objects apparatus which is the subject of these papers; and of Soberland, now somewhat in the distance, seem to acquire which is said to be quite calculated to endure the rou h a certain mellowness and splendour from the new medium usage necessarily attendant on so rapid motion.
through which they are seen. In the meantime a corresThe half mile of experimental line erected on this ponding change takes place in the passengers themselves; principle, at the expense of the patentees, on the West |
they experience an agreeable sensation of warmth, com
mencing at the pit of the stomach and gradually extending London Railway, had been exhibited for many months
from thence over the whole body; their pulse beats quicker without attracting much attention, when it was seen by
and stronger; their breath acquires an agreeable odour, not James Pim, Jun., Esq., the Treasurer of the Dublin unlike that of the sea on which they sail; their eyes become and Kingstown Railway, who at once warmly espoused | brighter and softer, and sometimes even seem to sparkle; the cause of the patentees, and addressed a letter to the their cheeks flush a little; their hands are sensibly warmer President of the Board of Trade, urging the railway to the touch; their looks and gestures become animated; department of that board to institute due inquiry into
they feel increased strength and courage and readiness for this new application of the atmospheric pressure. He
action; their ideas succeed each other with great rapidity
and vivacity, and are a little less obedient to the will; they says, “ This claim is not made lightly, nor without a
become less careful and anxious, less precise and particular; suitable feeling of responsibility: it has resulted from a
regard themselves with more complacence, their neighbours careful and prolonged investigation, and from repeated
wtth more charity; gentlemen become less solicitous about experiments on the West London Railway, in which I have
the set of their cravats; ladies, of their caps and collars: been assisted by many of the inost distinguished men of sci
all become less serious; less disposed to deliberate; less ence, and by several eminent practical engineers; whose con
inclined to prayer, or any other solemn religious duty; less current opinions have led me to such a perfect conviction of
scrupulous about right and wrong; less tight-laced; not so the importance of the subject, as to induce this application.”
very sober; more gay, good-humoured, frolicsome, frivoHe was successful; and the commmissioners' report
lous; more inclined to singing, jesting, and light converwas so far satisfactory, that, as we have stated, Govern- | sation; more voluble, energetic, eloquent; more ready to .nent consented to advance the money.
tell secrets, either of their own or their neighbours; more We should not omit to add, that the electric telegraph, inclined to quarrel suddenly. by which signals can be transmitted with the speed of light
All voyagers to Point Just-Enough agree in the account itself, is to be a companion of the atmospheric railway.
which they give of their passage across Pleasant Bay, and of Several distinguished foreigners have visited Kings
the agreeable sensations experienced on approaching the town; and M. Mallet, who was appointed by the French
ngs | Point; but they disagree very much in their statements
respecting the Point itself; some say that it is further off, Government to visit the Dalkey line, has presented a others that it is nearer; some that it lies more to the north, report to the Minister of Public Works, recommending others more to the east; many assert that it recedes as you the government to construct a line of several miles in approach it, while some maintain that it moves forward, length, so as to require three or four stationary engines, and comes to meet you before you have more than half for the purpose of testing the value of the invention, as crossed Pleasant Bay. These conflicting statements may, he considers the future prospects of railways in France
| perhaps, be reconciled on the supposition, which seems far greatly concerned in the question.
| from unreasonable, that Point Just-Enough is situated in a floating island, which, shifting its position from tine to
time, is sometimes nearer, sometimes more distant; some and cannot, without great difficulty, be persuaded to navitimes a little more to the north, and at other times a little gate even that part of it called Pleasant Bay. From this more to the east. However this may be, the visitors to fact some naturalists have deduced a distinctive character Point Just-Enough all agree in stating that it is quite of man, and instead of describing him as an animal, erect, impossible either to come to anchor off it, or to effect a biped, rational, with teeth intermediate between gramivo. landing upon it; the water being so deep that no anchor rous and carnivorous, define him simply, an animal which will take the ground, and the current so rapid as to carry sails upon the Drunken Sea. you past the Point before you can secure a boat to it by The longitude and latitude of Point Just-Enough never any grapples which have yet been invented. For these having been exactly ascertained, either from its being situreasons all skilful sailors, the moment they arrive at Point ated, as already mentioned, in a floating island, or whatever Just-Enough, instead of rainly attempting to come to other cause, geographers have found it very difficult to anchor or to land, tack about and steer back again across assign the precise limits of Pleasant Bay. It is, perhaps,
Pleasant Bay, for Soberland, thus avoiding the danger of to get rid of this difficulty, that some geographers describe being carried by the force of the current further on into the Pleasant Bay as extending the whole way from Soberland Drunken Sea, and perhaps thrown upon an island called to Tipsy Island. But whether it be or be not geographiTipsy Island, lying at no great distance to the leeward. cally correct to apply the name of Pleasant Bay to that
The great unwillingness with which all the visitors to part of the Drunken Sea which lies between Point JustPoint Just-Enough allow the sailors to tack about and steer | Enough and Tipsy Island, it is quite certain that there is homewards, has given rise to an opinion that if a landing no part of this sea where the sky is so bright, the air so upon the Point were practicable, every visitor would settle fresh and exhilarating, or the motion of the water so lively there permanently, and bid an eternal farewell to Sober- and buoyant as it is here. It happens, therefore, as might land.
be expected, that many of those who leave Soberland, with The voyage homewards from Point Just-Enough is much the intention of going no further than Point Just-Enough, less agreeable than the voyage outwards; the air gradually do yet, when they arrive at that point, extend their voyage the current and wind, too, although gentle, yet being scene, the favouring wind and current, and the easy landagainst you, make it necessary to tack, and thus render the ing which the shore of the island presents at no great dispassage tedious. There are few who do not experience as tance. Besides those who thus voluntarily extend their they return some diuretic effect, as well as a slight degree voyage from Point Just-Enough to Tipsy Island, there are of thirst, the latter of which continues after landing, and others who, over-shooting the Point either through ignoeven until bed-time, unless removed by tea or coffee. The rance or inadvertence, miss stays in their attempt to tack, night's sleep is less soft and refreshing, but at the same and are carried to the island by the force of the wind and time heavier than if no visit had been paid to the Point in current. the day; and on awaking the next morning, a degree of As it generally happens that those who have once visited languor is experienced, and sometimes even a little throb- Tipsy Island in either of the ways just mentioned, soon bing at the temples, which symptoms, however, disappear return to it again, direct from Soberland, and repeat their either during the making of the toilette or soon after break- visits with great regularity during the remainder of their fast, and are succeeded by a strong desire for another voyage lives, Tipsy Island is always full of visitors. The sensato Point Just-Enough. "This desire being gratified with as tions experienced on this island differ only in degree from little delay as possible, the same sensations are experienced, those which are felt at Point Just-Enough. The pulse and and the same consequences ensue, and thus a habit is heart beat a little quicker and stronger, the eyes become formed which increases in strength, until at last a daily brighter, the skin hotter, the face more flushed, the voice visit to Point Just-Enough comes to be considered almost louder, the gestures more vehement, the conversation less as a necessary of life.
connected, the ideas rambling and incoherent. Some dance, Pleasant Bay is therefore covered from early morning some sing, some swear, some fight, all stagger about; some until a late hour at night with boats conveying passengers become loyal, others patriotic, some poetical, others philoof all ranks and descriptions to Point Just-Enough and sophical ; all are veracious, disinterested, magnanimous, back again. The intercourse is however by far the greatest chivalrous. It is usual to remain several hours, and even from dinner-hour until tea-time, the evening being gene- to pass the night upon the island. A few remain upon it rally considered the most fashionable as well as the most for several days together; but as it is considered discreditconvenient and agreeable time for the voyage. Some dine able to be seen upon it in the morning, those who regard before they set out, but the greater number take their din- appearances usually leave for Soberland some time before ner on board. Among the visitors to Point Just-Enough day-break; many fall asleep on the island, and are carried there are a few who go very irregularly and at long inter- in that state to their boats. In the morning all awake vals, others who go only every second or third day, and unrefreshed, with a parched mouth, hot skin, red eyes, some only on the Sabbath day; but the great majority, aching head, and no appetite for breakfast, and spend the unless prevented by illness, go every day of the year at the day drinking soda water at the great fountain on the quay same hour, and never allow either business or pleasure, or of Soberland, which looks towards Pleasant Bay, and longeven bankruptcy or insolvency, or trouble or the death of ing for evening in order to return to Tipsy Island, or at friends or relatives, to interrupt the regularity of their least as far as Point Just-Enough. daily sail across Pleasant Bay.' Kings and queens, lords Tipsy Island is said to have been first discovered by and ladies, knights and members of imperial legislatures, Noah, who planted vines upon it. It was afterwards sacred professors of all
arts and sciences, merchants, traders, arti to Bacchus, whose temple, situated about the middle of the sans, and even those who subsist upon charity, are to be island, is in a high state of preservation. It has been found among the daily visitors to Point Just-Enough; the visited by Alexander the Great, and most of the illustrous Christian, the Jew and the pagan; the white, the black and men both of ancient and modern times, the names of many the olive; the democrat, leveller and aristocrat; the busy of whom are to be seen, carved with their own hands, upon as well as the idle, the wise as well as the foolish, the the bark of the vines. Its daily visitors sing a song which learned as well as the ignorant, the grave as well as the runs nearly as follows:-gay, the young as well as the old. Parents bring their children with them, and teach them to navigate the The Sea, the Sea, the Drunken Sea; Drunken Sea, as birds teach their young to fly. Employ The blue, the fresh, the ever free, the ever free. ers bring their workmen, and masters their servants; the Without a mark, without a bound, latter however require but little teaching, having gene It runneth the earth's wide regions round: rally had the advantage of an early apprenticeship to the It plays with the soul, it mocks the skies, art.
Or like a cradled monster lies, It is worthy of remark, that of the countless multitudes Or like a cradled monster lies. who daily sail upon Pleasant Bay, there is not one who can be persuaded that it forms a part of the Drunken Sea. I'm on the sea, the Drunken Sea; It is also remarkable, that every one of those who make a
I am where I would ever be, daily practice of sailing upon this bay, acquires an invin With heaven above, and hell below, cible dread of water, and cannot be prevailed upon to drink
And ruin wheresoe'er I go. it unless when sick.
If a storm should come, and awake the deep, It has been observed besides, that with the exception of What matter, what matter, I shall ride and sleep, man, all animals have an antipathy to the Drunken Sea, What matter, what matter, I shall ride and sleep